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Educational Methods

University of Pennsylvania

1994

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Education

Reform Of High School Mathematics And Science And Opportunity To Learn, Andrew C. Porter, Michael W. Kirst, Eric Osthoff, John L. Smithson, Steven A. Schneider Sep 1994

Reform Of High School Mathematics And Science And Opportunity To Learn, Andrew C. Porter, Michael W. Kirst, Eric Osthoff, John L. Smithson, Steven A. Schneider

CPRE Policy Briefs

This brief concerns the nature of the high school mathematics and science curriculum in the United States. It draws from a large study which documented instructional practices and content using novel methodologies. This research approach is a promising step toward the development of indicators of opportunity to learn. The study also provides encouraging news about the effects of increased standards in math and science - they did not result in a watering down of the curriculum. However, practice in the schools studied is a far cry from the ambitious goals for math and science instruction now being developed by the profession.


Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner Jul 1994

Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

In the fields of adult literacy and adult learning, most researchers have focused on the acquisition of various skills and abilities. Very little attention has been devoted to skill retention. Without more research information, however, it is difficult to know whether the literacy skills learned in America's adult education programs are likely to be retained for very long. This report is a literature review that covers what is known about (a) cognitive skill retention across the life span, (b) studies of literacy and basic skills retention, and (c) policy implications of skill retention work. The main conclusion of the ...


Life-Span And Life-Space Literacy: National And International Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1994

Life-Span And Life-Space Literacy: National And International Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Swain: We're constantly struck with the paradox that children are born with a tremendous capacity to learn, and yet many children have great difficulty in school, and grow up to lack the facility with reading, writing and oral language that is so needed in a complex society. Families across cultures and languages are successful in supporting their children's learning and achievement, and we have much to learn from these successful families and their children. And yet other families have great difficulties. . . . Yet, within families with great difficulties, we have children who are resilient to these forces, and others ...


Would Mandatory Attendance Be Effective For Economics Classes?, J. Scott Armstrong Jan 1994

Would Mandatory Attendance Be Effective For Economics Classes?, J. Scott Armstrong

Marketing Papers

Romer (1993) suggests that universities should undertake experiments that would test the value of mandatory attendance for economics courses. He presents evidence showing that those who attended his classes received higher grades on his exams and concluded that "an important part of the relationship [to the course grade] reflects a genuine effect of attendance." This conclusion is likely to be welcomed by some economics professors.

In this note, I address two issues. First, what does prior research imply about a relationship between attendance and learning? Second, does Romer's own evidence support his conclusion that mandatory attendance is beneficial?