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Educational Methods

Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Outcomes Of A Course Design Workshop Series Implemented In A Team-Based And Diverse Classroom Setting, Shawana Tabassum, Darren S. Hoffman, Karen Bovenmyer, Ratnesh Kumar Aug 2019

Outcomes Of A Course Design Workshop Series Implemented In A Team-Based And Diverse Classroom Setting, Shawana Tabassum, Darren S. Hoffman, Karen Bovenmyer, Ratnesh Kumar

CIRTL Reports

Studies provide extensive evidence that a diverse faculty and staff in academia helps bring a wide range of backgrounds, perspectives, experiences, and innovation.[1] In this regard, a 9- session course was taught in Summer 2019 titled Transforming Your Research Into Teaching, that provided 15 aspiring faculty with a platform to more deeply understand the significance of diversity and community in teaching and learning. In this course, the graduate students and postdoctoral fellows from widely divergent backgrounds at Iowa State University designed a new course related to their own research work/interest, in a team-based and diverse classroom-based setting. The ...


Explicit Attitudes Towards Race: The Impact Of Active Learning In Teaching Diversity, Adele Quigley-Mcbride, Kimberly Rae More, Curt More Aug 2019

Explicit Attitudes Towards Race: The Impact Of Active Learning In Teaching Diversity, Adele Quigley-Mcbride, Kimberly Rae More, Curt More

CIRTL Reports

The majority of colleges and universities in the United States require students to take at least one diversity-related course to graduate. Considering the current political climate, this is a step in the right direction as it should encourage students to be more accepting and help facilitate an inclusive campus environment. However, these courses typically are not tailored towards addressing current diversity issues impacting Americans (e.g., New Zealand Film counts as a cultural diversity credit at Oberlin College in Ohio). In addition, very little empirical research has been conducted looking at the effectiveness of these courses or at which teaching ...


"Forget About Justice:" Survivance And Resistance In Teacher Education, Ramon Vasquez May 2019

"Forget About Justice:" Survivance And Resistance In Teacher Education, Ramon Vasquez

Journal of Critical Thought and Praxis

This Testimonio examines how systemic epistemic violence operates in teacher education. In this paper, systemic epistemic violence refers to the silencing of demands for justice voiced by faculty of color as well as the devaluing of counter-knowledges that draw on different epistemologies. This Testimonio highlights the way the “Othering” of faculty from racialized groups produces and protects systemic epistemic violence. “Othering” in this case does not simply refer to individual racial discrimination or oppression rooted in White fragility. Instead, it refers to the intrinsic indignities faculty of color, in this case a Chicano assistant professor, must endure when they resist ...


Web-Based Student Response Systems And Peer Instruction: A Review And Case Study, Cinzia Cervato Mar 2019

Web-Based Student Response Systems And Peer Instruction: A Review And Case Study, Cinzia Cervato

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Cooperative learning and peer instruction are well documented pedagogies that engage students in their learning process. The means to implement cooperative learning in the classroom have evolved from raised hands, colored flashcards, student response systems or “clickers”, to web-based audience response systems that work on any electronic device. This paper briefly reviews available audience response systems and presents a case study on Learning Catalytics, a system designed to enable peer instruction and implement just-in-time teaching pedagogy.


21st-Century Skills And Science Inquiry: Using Self-Directed Inquiry To Spark Interest And Promote Research Skills., Emily Hayden Mar 2019

21st-Century Skills And Science Inquiry: Using Self-Directed Inquiry To Spark Interest And Promote Research Skills., Emily Hayden

Education Publications

Any online search for "21st-century skills" produces a wealth of graphics, lists, and tips. The internet is a treasure trove of literacy activities that build upon these skills, including the abilities to read, write, synthesize information, make critical judgments, and present learning. But what about students who do not engage eagerly in reading and writing, resisting because of lack of skills, confidence, or interest? Kindling a spark of interest can be difficult, and the last thing we want to do is extinguish it.


Eye Tracking Student Strategies For Solving Stoichiometry Problems Involving Particulate Nature Of Matter Diagrams, John Y. Baluyut, Thomas A. Holme Feb 2019

Eye Tracking Student Strategies For Solving Stoichiometry Problems Involving Particulate Nature Of Matter Diagrams, John Y. Baluyut, Thomas A. Holme

Chemistry Publications

This study compared how students obtained and used information from particulate nature of matter (PNOM) diagrams as well as balanced chemical equations when asked questions about stoichiometry concepts such as limiting and excess reagents, and yield. The comparisons were made in terms of visual behaviors by examining eye fixations while students responded to a 30-item online instrument. Statistically significant differences were found between visual behaviors of high- and low-performers on seven items, mostly those that dealt with correctly identifying the limiting reagent for each diagram. High-performing students were found to have spent more time examining PNOM diagrams and transitioned more ...


Tuition Discounting At Small, Private, Baccalaureate Institutions: Reaching A Point Of No Return?, Luke Behaunek, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jan 2019

Tuition Discounting At Small, Private, Baccalaureate Institutions: Reaching A Point Of No Return?, Luke Behaunek, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

This paper describes relationships between tuition discounting (TD), net tuition revenue, and other institutional characteristics at four-year, liberal arts institutions. TD, a practice whereby institutional grants are used to subsidize a student’s educational expense, has become a common practice at four-year institutions. TDs impact on enrollments, financial aid, and budgets continues to increase, raising concerns about the long-term sustainability of the practice. Drawing upon Breneman’s (1994) economic theory of four-year private institutions, this research examined trends in student characteristics, enrollment, institutional grants, and net tuition revenue (NTR) and the relationship between TD practices NTR. Analyzing panel data of ...


Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson Dec 2018

Evaluation Of Confidence Using Motivational Interviewing Skills Before And After In-Person Training Workshop, Jeni E. Lansing, Kathryn J. Deshaw, Maria Perez, Gregory Welk, Laura D. Ellingson

CIRTL Reports

Motivational interviewing (MI) is a skill used to help individuals make positive behavior changes and may be beneficial for those who work with undergraduate students. A new training, comprised of online content followed by an in-person workshop, was created and offered to staff members working directly with students at Iowa State University. The aim of this study was to evaluate confidence for using MI-related components pre and post an in-person workshop. To do so, participants completed a survey regarding their confidence in using MI-related skills before and after the workshop. From the survey results, a paired t-test was conducted to ...


Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald Aug 2018

Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald

Education Publications

Extension educators are expected to more fully evaluate programs. In response, evaluation capacity building (ECB) is a necessary component of Extension educator professional development. One size rarely fits all; ECB more likely succeeds if it is well aligned with the educator's evaluation needs and the type of educational effort. Four approaches to Extension work have been documented—service, facilitation, content transmission, and transformative education. These approaches require different evaluation measures and therefore different forms of ECB.


Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn May 2018

Understanding Collaborations Between Chinese And The U.S. Universities: The Development Of A Typology, Hui Kang, Genshu Lu, Linda S. Hagedorn

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

There has been a recent and rapid increase in the number and forms of educational collaborations between the U.S. and China in recent decades. Through the years these collaborations have evolved from the simplest forms of welcome of international students and faculty to complex agreements and even new postsecondary institutions. In this manuscript, we develop a typology to better understand the various varieties of educational collaborations using examples of the various forms between universities in the U.S. and China.


On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2018

On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Multiculturally competent student affairs educators are required to effectively meet the needs of today’s diverse student population. However, little is known about how educators acquire these skills. This study examined the multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills gained by student affairs educators through their participation in NCORE, an experiential conference exploring race and ethnicity. Results of the study have implications for graduate preparation programs and professional development opportunities for student affairs educators.


Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht Apr 2018

Rapid Needs Assessment And Response Technique, Jacqueline Comito, Brandy Case Haub, Mark Licht

Agronomy Publications

The rapid needs assessment and response technique (RNR) is a useful tool for Extension professionals seeking ways to improve workshop structure. Facilitators using RNR organize workshop participants in small groups and then rotate the groups through a series of stations where participants dialogue on questions central to the workshop topic. The technique helps adult learners actively engage with one another, thus improving their ability to learn the subject matter. Use of RNR also allows facilitators to understand participants' existing knowledge of a workshop topic and tailor their education to participants' specific questions and needs.


A System For Adaptive High-Variability Segmental Perceptual Training: Implementation, Effectiveness, Transfer, Manman Qian, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John M. Levis Feb 2018

A System For Adaptive High-Variability Segmental Perceptual Training: Implementation, Effectiveness, Transfer, Manman Qian, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John M. Levis

English Publications

Many types of L2 phonological perception are often difficult to acquire without instruction. These difficulties with perception may also be related to intelligibility in production. Instruction on perception contrasts is more likely to be successful with the use of phonetically variable input made available through computer-assisted pronunciation training. However, few computer-assisted programs have demonstrated flexibility in diagnosing and treating individual learner problems or have made effective use of linguistic resources such as corpora for creating training materials. This study introduces a system for segmental perceptual training that uses a computational approach to perception utilizing corpusbased word frequency lists, high variability ...


Technology And Strategy Instruction, Jim Ranalli Feb 2018

Technology And Strategy Instruction, Jim Ranalli

English Publications

Since the 1970s, one strand of second language (L2) pedagogy has been concerned with imparting behaviors and techniques to learners that they can use independently to improve their learning and use of the target language. This strand, known as strategy instruction (SI), has faced a number of challenges including overdependence on teachers for instruction, competition for space in already crowded syllabuses, and the need to provide individualized practice and feedback on strategy use. This entry explores recent efforts to harness digital technologies in support of SI initiatives.


Educational And Social Psychological Outcomes Of A Stem Program For Adolescent Girls, Jennifer Paff Ogle, Karen H. Hyllegard, Juyeon Park Jan 2018

Educational And Social Psychological Outcomes Of A Stem Program For Adolescent Girls, Jennifer Paff Ogle, Karen H. Hyllegard, Juyeon Park

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this research was to explore how participation in Fashion FUNdamentals (FF) shaped girls' interest and confidence in the STEM disciplines, their STEM learning, and their feelings about themselves. FF is a two-week, no-cost, summer program (M-F, 9 am-5 pm) targeting underserved adolescent girls aged 10-13 years. Fashion FUNdamentals is a unique STEM program insomuch as it frames STEM learning within the context of fashion and includes both technical and social programming. FF has been offered three times (2015-2017) and has served 129 girls. At the conclusion of each year's program, the FF team conducted focus groups ...


Concept Mapping As A Learning Tool For Fashion Education, Charity Armstead Jan 2018

Concept Mapping As A Learning Tool For Fashion Education, Charity Armstead

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Concept mapping has been shown to be an effective learning tool to enhance student learning. Two concept map projects, one for a textiles course and one for a first-year fashion industry course, were developed to help students understand the connections between ideas and to assess their understanding of the course content. For a final project in the textiles course, students developed concept maps displaying textile components, serviceability characteristics, aesthetics, and the relationships between and among concepts. For the fashion industry class, students illustrated the organization of the fashion industry, career options, social and cultural influences on fashion, key terms from ...


Using Thrifted Garments As A Learning Tool In An Introductory Textiles Course, Charity Armstead Jan 2018

Using Thrifted Garments As A Learning Tool In An Introductory Textiles Course, Charity Armstead

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Using thrifted garments for analysis in an introductory textiles course was designed to increase transfer of learning. Prior to the introduction of the assignment, students had difficulty transferring the information into contexts beyond lab samples provided in class. This assignment was created so students could apply course content to garments that they selected. Students were asked to purchase garments to cut up and analyze throughout the semester. At the end of the semester, each student assembled the results into a final report. Adding analysis of thrifted garments to the course gave students a real-life application for textbook concepts. The students ...


Supporting Idea Generation With Design Tools: Nesting Design Heuristics Within Morphological Analysis, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen Seifert Jan 2018

Supporting Idea Generation With Design Tools: Nesting Design Heuristics Within Morphological Analysis, Keelin Leahy, Shanna R. Daly, Seda Mckilligan, Colleen Seifert

Industrial Design Publications

As some design problems are complex, generating concepts for a complete artefact may be overwhelming for designers, especially for novices. Students often learn to use morphological analysis (MA) to decompose a problem into subcomponents, allowing them to focus on designing for more specific functions. However, generating new ideas for subcomponents remains a challenge for novices. In this study, the authors investigated an educational method combining the morphological analysis approach with a tool designed to facilitate the generation of novel, differing ideas called design heuristics (DH). The results demonstrate that adding design heuristics within morphological analysis supported students in building upon ...


Teaching English-Medium Lectures In Korea: Recommendations For Foreign Faculty, Eva Babicheva, Kyu-Hye Lee Jan 2018

Teaching English-Medium Lectures In Korea: Recommendations For Foreign Faculty, Eva Babicheva, Kyu-Hye Lee

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

For the past decade, the number of English-medium lectures (EML) in South Korean universities have been steadily increasing. Although the EML policy was introduced to improve students' competitiveness in the globalized job market, its popularity among students and professors remained low. In response, universities began foreign faculty recruits; however, unfamiliarity with Korean education culture and differences related to classroom interaction often led to profound misunderstandings between foreign professors and Korean students. Drawing on existing literature, informal interviews with Clothing and Textiles students enrolled in EML, and in-class observations, this study aims to delineate main issues present in EML classroom and ...


Omnichannel Innovation Lab: Incorporating Design Thinking Into A Merchandising Course, Minjeong Kim Jan 2018

Omnichannel Innovation Lab: Incorporating Design Thinking Into A Merchandising Course, Minjeong Kim

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

This paper illustrates how the Human-Centered Design (HCD) approach (aka. design thinking) was incorporated in the existing merchandising course to foster creativity among students. The five key learning objectives of the Omnichannel Innovation Lab course included; (1) gain a deep understanding of omnichannel retailing, (2) develop ethnographic research skills to gain an empathetic understanding of consumer needs, (3) apply the design thinking process, (4) develop omnichannel innovations and (5) improve collaboration skills.


Using The Pest Framework To Facilitate Active Learning In Fashion History Class, Melissa Abner, Erica Spurgeon Jan 2018

Using The Pest Framework To Facilitate Active Learning In Fashion History Class, Melissa Abner, Erica Spurgeon

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Fashion history is a common course taught across fashion merchandising and design curriculum. It is difficult to cover mass quantities of information within the semester while keeping the students engaged in the content. At a Midwestern University, multiple active learning strategies were included in the fashion history course including artifact analysis, research projects, music, and virtual tours of related buildings to help students get more engaged with the content. The PEST framework was also used to organize the content and encourage students to critically analyze items of dress according to the historic context of each time period. The PEST analysis ...


Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank Jan 2018

Early Field Experience Course Students’ Perceptions Of School-Based Agricultural Education Laboratory Environments, Trent Wells, Scott W. Smalley, Bryan D. Rank

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Laboratory instruction is an important component of school-based agricultural education (SBAE) programs (Phipps, Osborne, Dyer, & Ball, 2008). Early field experience (EFE) coursework can be an important component of agricultural teacher preparation programs (Retallick & Miller, 2007). Through the use of a modified photovoice technique, we sought to identify the perceptions of students (i.e., preservice teachers) enrolled in an EFE course in relation to the laboratory environment component of the SBAE model. Students enrolled in a 40-hour EFE course photographed a laboratory environment at their placement site and completed a 250-word descriptive/reflective summary of the laboratory. Through open coding of the summaries, three prominent themes emerged: 1) project-based learning is widely used for instructional purposes; 2) laboratory environments are set up and arranged in particular fashions based on needs; and 3) laboratory environments are arranged as settings for effective learning. Within the photographs, the agricultural mechanics laboratory was most commonly identified as a laboratory environment. The EFE students identified laboratory environments are not always traditional in their scope, and classrooms can serve as laboratory environments. We recommend photovoice be further used as a tool to explore students’ perceptions of the realities of modern SBAE programs.


Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave Jan 2018

Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This study examined the functioning of a group of instructional designers (IDs) in higher education through the lens of Communities of Practice (CoPs). The study particularly focused on whether and how the grouping of experienced and novice IDs operated as an effective CoP from the perspective of novices. The findings indicated that a group of IDs working in a midwestern university was able to cultivate a CoP within a clearly defined domain, a well-established community, and the shared practice with a specific body of knowledge. Particularly from the perspectives of novices, they highlighted the positive impact while participating in the ...


Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta Jan 2018

Cogna/Te/Do/To: How To Use Cognates In English, Spanish, And Portuguese, Nancy A. Acosta

Creative Components

This creative component introduces the concept of cognates and false cognates through sequential art. This guide on cognates leads the reader through a fictional society whose core philosophy is centered around languages and the preservation of any that they come across. By using storytelling elements present both in comic book work (sound effects, emotive characters, sequential order) and in graphic design (information hierarchy, semiotics), the story builds a connection between the material and the reader. Cognates here can be a tool for English speakers to acquire vocabulary of Spanish and Portuguese. With the main character of an ex-astronaut, who was ...


Technologies Used In Iowa 4-H Programs To Deliver Science, Technology, Engineering, Math And Agriculture Curricula, Pamela Rank Jan 2018

Technologies Used In Iowa 4-H Programs To Deliver Science, Technology, Engineering, Math And Agriculture Curricula, Pamela Rank

Creative Components

H is a global youth organization that developed in the early 1900’s. The National 4-H organization was formed in 1914 when the United States Congress created the Cooperative Extension Service (Seevers, Graham, Gamon, & Conklin, 1997). The Smith-Lever Act of 1914 is a United States federal law that established a system of cooperative extension services, connected to the public land-grant universities, to inform people about current developments in agriculture, home economics, public policy/government, leadership, 4-H, economic development, and other related issues (Gould, Steele, & Woodrum, 2014).


The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2018

The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Community-engaged scholars know that understanding the community context is critical for successful communitybased learning that results in community development. As a rural-focused and mostly rural-based educator, I’ve been surprised at the lack of attention over the decades by university– community engagement scholars to the characteristics, opportunities, challenges, and impacts of rural service-learning. The Rural Alliance for Service Learning has attempted to address this gap in the literature by publishing this 19-chapter anthology of interesting experiences, research, and insights about service-learning in rural America with a predominant focus on the upper Midwest.


Teaching Ethos From The Dumpster: Dive And Food Waste Rhetoric, Abby Dubisar, Kathleen P. Hunt Oct 2017

Teaching Ethos From The Dumpster: Dive And Food Waste Rhetoric, Abby Dubisar, Kathleen P. Hunt

English Publications

This unit activity, for which students view a documentary to identify and evaluate persuasive ethos and then create their own rhetorical messages for reducing food waste, serves as a platform for teaching both the critique and practice of rhetoric, as well as familiarizing students with the complexities of the global food system and food waste.


Learner Analytics And Student Success Interventions, Matthew D. Pistilli Sep 2017

Learner Analytics And Student Success Interventions, Matthew D. Pistilli

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

The implementation of analytics in support of student success requires effective use of feedback and interventions, as well as a system by which the use of feedback and institutional supports can be tracked and evaluated.


Teaching Educators About Engineering: Preservice Elementary Teachers Learn Engineering Principles From Engineers, Kristina M. Tank, D. Raj Raman, Monica H. Lamm, Sriram Sundararajan, Anne Estapa Sep 2017

Teaching Educators About Engineering: Preservice Elementary Teachers Learn Engineering Principles From Engineers, Kristina M. Tank, D. Raj Raman, Monica H. Lamm, Sriram Sundararajan, Anne Estapa

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Publications

Few elementary teachers have experience with implementing engineering into the classroom. While engineering professional development opportunities for inservice teachers are becoming more numerous, engineering education is rarely required or even offered in elementary teacher-preparation programs (O'Brien et al. 2014). To prepare future elementary teachers to teach engineering, a collaborative partnership was formed between professors in Iowa State University's College of Engineering (CoE) and School of Education (SoE). The partnership included teacher education faculty in science and mathematics education and three engineering faculty who provided perspectives on content, knowledge, and skills foundational to engineering. Members of the partnership worked ...


Toward Understanding The Impacts, Whys, And Whats Behind Mechatronic-Based Projects And Student Motivation, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita, Steven A. Freeman Jun 2017

Toward Understanding The Impacts, Whys, And Whats Behind Mechatronic-Based Projects And Student Motivation, John R. Haughery, D. Raj Raman, Amy L. Kaleita, Steven A. Freeman

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

The purpose of this study was to understand the how’s, why’s, and what’s behind students’ motivational orientation in a first-year engineering technology course, following a mechatronic project. To accomplish this, we implemented an eight-week treatment that required 61 students to design and integrate a software program to control an electro-mechanical robotic system. Using non-parametric quantitative analyses of pre-/post-survey responses we found that students’ median motivational orientation score,on the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire, was significantly lower (Mdndiff= -0.34; W = 1360; p-value = 0.0111) following the mechatronic project (i.e., they were less motivated to ...