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Full-Text Articles in Education

Stem And The Local Economy: Do Regions Reap The Benefits Of A Stem-Educated Workforce?, Fran Stewart Jan 2018

Stem And The Local Economy: Do Regions Reap The Benefits Of A Stem-Educated Workforce?, Fran Stewart

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Degrees Of Poverty: The Relationship Between Family Income Background And The Returns To Education, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein Jan 2018

Degrees Of Poverty: The Relationship Between Family Income Background And The Returns To Education, Timothy J. Bartik, Brad J. Hershbein

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

Drawing on the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, we document a startling empirical pattern: the career earnings premium from a four-year college degree (relative to a high school diploma) for persons from low-income backgrounds is considerably less than it is for those from higher-income backgrounds. For individuals whose family income in high school was above 1.85 times the poverty level, we estimate that career earnings for bachelor’s graduates are 136 percent higher than earnings for those whose education stopped at high school. However, for individuals whose family income during high school was below 1.85 times the poverty ...


The Power Of A Promise: Education And Economic Renewal In Kalamazoo, Michelle Miller-Adams Nov 2017

The Power Of A Promise: Education And Economic Renewal In Kalamazoo, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

In the first comprehensive account of the Kalamazoo Promise, Michelle Miller-Adams addresses both the potential and challenges inherent in place-based universal scholarship programs and explains why this unprecedented experiment in education-based economic renewal is being emulated by scores of cities and towns around the nation.


Promise Nation: Transforming Communities Through Place-Based Scholarships, Michelle Miller-Adams Oct 2015

Promise Nation: Transforming Communities Through Place-Based Scholarships, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

Miller-Adams describes how the various "Promise-type" place-based scholarship programs impact college access, financial aid, and community transformation.


A Simple Gift? The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise On Economic Revitalization, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

A Simple Gift? The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise On Economic Revitalization, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

No abstract provided.


The Value Of Universal Eligibility In Promise Scholarship Programs, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

The Value Of Universal Eligibility In Promise Scholarship Programs, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

No abstract provided.


Toledo Promise Scholarship Concept Study, Michelle Miller-Adams, George A. Erickcek, Bridget F. Timmeney Mar 2015

Toledo Promise Scholarship Concept Study, Michelle Miller-Adams, George A. Erickcek, Bridget F. Timmeney

Michelle Miller-Adams

No abstract provided.


Can Universal, Place-Based Scholarships Reduce Inequality? Lessons From Kalamazoo, Michigan, Michelle Miller-Adams Mar 2015

Can Universal, Place-Based Scholarships Reduce Inequality? Lessons From Kalamazoo, Michigan, Michelle Miller-Adams

Michelle Miller-Adams

The Kalamazoo Promise, announced in 2005, is an innovative college-scholarship program available to every graduate of the Kalamazoo (Michigan) Public Schools. Programs such as the Kalamazoo Promise, which is being emulated in cities across the United States, open new avenues for the acquisition of human capital regardless of income level or academic achievement, while facilitating the creation of new economic and social assets for the community. Following a brief explanation of the program itself, this paper examines the Kalamazoo Promise as a human capital-investment strategy and its potential as a mechanism for reducing inequality. I find that the Kalamazoo Promise ...


Higher Education, The Health Care Industry, And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area's Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

Higher Education, The Health Care Industry, And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area's Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

This paper examines the effects of expansions in higher educational institutions and the medical service industry on the economic development of a metropolitan area. This examination pulls together previous research and provides some new empirical evidence. We provide quantitative evidence of the magnitude of economic effects of higher education and medical service industries that occur through the mechanism of providing some export-base demand stimulus to a metropolitan economy. We also provide quantitative evidence on how much higher education institutions can boost a metropolitan economy through increasing the educational attainment of local residence. We estimate that medical service industries pay above ...


Toledo Promise Scholarship Concept Study, Michelle Miller-Adams, George A. Erickcek, Bridget F. Timmeney Feb 2015

Toledo Promise Scholarship Concept Study, Michelle Miller-Adams, George A. Erickcek, Bridget F. Timmeney

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


The Impacts Of Macomb Community College On The Economy Of Macomb County, George A. Erickcek, Kevin Hollenbeck Feb 2015

The Impacts Of Macomb Community College On The Economy Of Macomb County, George A. Erickcek, Kevin Hollenbeck

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


Ten-Year Cost Estimation Of A Proposed Lansing Promise Scholarship, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

Ten-Year Cost Estimation Of A Proposed Lansing Promise Scholarship, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


"Eds & Meds" And Metropolitan Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

"Eds & Meds" And Metropolitan Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


Albion College Study: Exploring Economic Development Opportunities, George A. Erickcek, Ben Copeland Feb 2015

Albion College Study: Exploring Economic Development Opportunities, George A. Erickcek, Ben Copeland

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


The La Crosse Promise: Economic Impact Study, George Erickcek Feb 2015

The La Crosse Promise: Economic Impact Study, George Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

The Upjohn Institute conducted an economic impact study of a universal, place-based scholarship program for La Crosse, Wisconsin. This study examines the possibility of developing a program similar to the Kalamazoo Promise for the La Crosse area. The La Crosse area is facing a population decline, growing concentrations of low-income students, an aging infrastructure in the region’s largest school district, and regional sprawl that is consuming farmland and natural assets while creating new challenges of congestion and service delivery. As a response to these issues, this study explores the potential impact of a universal, place-based scholarship program.


Review Of The Davenport Promise Concept, George A. Erickcek, Sarah M. Klerk, Brad R. Watts Feb 2015

Review Of The Davenport Promise Concept, George A. Erickcek, Sarah M. Klerk, Brad R. Watts

George A. Erickcek

The Davenport Promise would provide college scholarships for students living in the City of Davenport. The scholarship can be used to attend any accredited vocational training institute, college, or university of the student's choice. This report provides estimates of the potential fiscal impact of the Davenport Promise on the City of Davenport and the Davenport Public Schools under several alternative scenarios.


Getting Started: How Much Is This Thing Going To Cost?, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

Getting Started: How Much Is This Thing Going To Cost?, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


Higher Education, The Health Care Industry And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area’S Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

Higher Education, The Health Care Industry And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area’S Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


Higher Education, The Health Care Industry, And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area's Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek Jan 2015

Higher Education, The Health Care Industry, And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area's Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper examines the effects of expansions in higher educational institutions and the medical service industry on the economic development of a metropolitan area. This examination pulls together previous research and provides some new empirical evidence. We provide quantitative evidence of the magnitude of economic effects of higher education and medical service industries that occur through the mechanism of providing some export-base demand stimulus to a metropolitan economy. We also provide quantitative evidence on how much higher education institutions can boost a metropolitan economy through increasing the educational attainment of local residence. We estimate that medical service industries pay above ...


"Eds & Meds" And Metropolitan Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek Jan 2015

"Eds & Meds" And Metropolitan Economic Development, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


The Kalamazoo Promise As A Model For An American Promise, Timothy J. Bartik, Michelle Miller-Adams Jan 2015

The Kalamazoo Promise As A Model For An American Promise, Timothy J. Bartik, Michelle Miller-Adams

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Increasing The Economic Development Benefits Of Higher Education In Michigan, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Increasing The Economic Development Benefits Of Higher Education In Michigan, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This paper considers how a state such as Michigan can increase the economic development benefits of higher education. Research evidence suggests that higher education increases local economic development principally by increasing the quality of the local workforce, and secondarily by increasing local innovative ideas. These economic development benefits of higher education can be increased by: 1) competent management of conventional economic development programs that focus on business attraction and retention; 2) policies that focus on increasing local job skills by educating the state's residents, as opposed to attracting in-migrants; 3) policies that address specific "market failures" in how higher ...


Higher Education, The Health Care Industry And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area’S Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek Jan 2015

Higher Education, The Health Care Industry And Metropolitan Regional Economic Development: What Can "Eds & Meds" Do For The Economic Fortunes Of A Metro Area’S Residents?, Timothy J. Bartik, George A. Erickcek

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


The Impacts Of Macomb Community College On The Economy Of Macomb County, George A. Erickcek, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

The Impacts Of Macomb Community College On The Economy Of Macomb County, George A. Erickcek, Kevin Hollenbeck

Kevin Hollenbeck

No abstract provided.


Return On Investment In Workforce Development Programs, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

Return On Investment In Workforce Development Programs, Kevin Hollenbeck

Kevin Hollenbeck

Under more and more fiscal scrutiny because of shrinking state and local budgets, workforce development programs are being asked to estimate their return on investment (ROI). This paper introduces basic concepts of ROI in workforce development programs. It distinguishes ROIs estimated for workforce programs from those that are estimated for financial investments or capital projects. The paper furthermore exposits the basic ingredients of an ROI study—identification of the treatment and time periods of analysis, identification of the net impacts of the program, and identification of net costs. Finally, the paper presents results from the estimation of the ROI for ...


Postsecondary Education As Triage: Returns To Academic And Technical Programs, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

Postsecondary Education As Triage: Returns To Academic And Technical Programs, Kevin Hollenbeck

Kevin Hollenbeck

This paper examines the labor market outcomes of individuals with various types of postsecondary educational experiences. In particular, it examines differences between students who have pursued technical education programs from those who have pursued academic programs and from those individuals who have not pursued any type of postsecondary education. Empirical evidence is presented concerning the relationship between economic outcomes and grades earned and the degree to which the labor market rewards credentials. Wage and earnings models yield different structural parameter estimates when based on the three different populations. The differences are most dramatic for high school background effects and for ...


Refining Workforce Education Supply And Demand Analysis: Final Report, Brad J. Hershbein, Kevin Hollenbeck Jan 2015

Refining Workforce Education Supply And Demand Analysis: Final Report, Brad J. Hershbein, Kevin Hollenbeck

Upjohn Institute Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Promise Nation: Transforming Communities Through Place-Based Scholarships, Michelle Miller-Adams Jan 2015

Promise Nation: Transforming Communities Through Place-Based Scholarships, Michelle Miller-Adams

Upjohn Press

Miller-Adams describes how the various "Promise-type" place-based scholarship programs impact college access, financial aid, and community transformation.


Migration And Housing Price Effects Of Place-Based College Scholarships, Timothy J. Bartik, Nathan Sotherland Jan 2015

Migration And Housing Price Effects Of Place-Based College Scholarships, Timothy J. Bartik, Nathan Sotherland

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

Place-based college scholarships, such as the Kalamazoo Promise, provide students who live in a particular place, and/or who attend a particular school district, with generous college scholarships. An important potential benefit from such “Promise programs” is their short-term effects on local economic development. Generous Promise scholarships provide an incentive for families to locate in a particular place, which may change migration patterns, and potentially boost local employment and housing prices. Using data from the American Community Survey, this paper estimates the average effects of eight relatively generous Promise programs on migration rates and housing prices in their local labor ...


The Production And Stock Of College Graduates For U.S. States, John V. Winters Jan 2015

The Production And Stock Of College Graduates For U.S. States, John V. Winters

Upjohn Institute Working Papers

The stock of human capital in an area is important for regional economic growth and development. However, highly educated workers are often quite mobile, and there is a concern that public investments in college graduates may not benefit the state if the college graduates leave the state after finishing their education. This paper examines the relationship between the production of college graduates from a state and the stock of college graduates residing in the state using microdata from the decennial census and American Community Survey. The relationship is examined across states and across cohorts within states. The descriptive analysis suggests ...