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Economics

2016

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Show Me The Money: Federal R&D Support For Academic Chemistry, 1990–2009, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, Donna K. Ginther Dec 2016

Show Me The Money: Federal R&D Support For Academic Chemistry, 1990–2009, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, Donna K. Ginther

Economics Working Papers

We examine the distribution of Federal support for chemistry Research and Development (R&D) performed at U.S. universities from 1990-2009. Federal R&D funding is an essential source of funds for investigator-driven research at the nation’s universities. Previous studies have documented that aggregated federal R&D funding has become more dispersed over time and attributed this to political pressure to spread resources more evenly. There have, however, been few studies of the allocation of funds within narrowly defined scientific disciplines. By narrowing the focus and exploiting the panel nature of our data we are better able to analyze ...


A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?, Alvaro Mezza, Kamila Sommer Dec 2016

A Trillion-Dollar Question: What Predicts Student Loan Delinquencies?, Alvaro Mezza, Kamila Sommer

Journal of Student Financial Aid

The recent significant increase in student loan delinquencies has generated interest in understanding the key factors predicting the non-performance of these loans. However, despite the large size of the student loan market, existing analyses have been limited by lack of data. This paper studies predictors of student loan delinquencies using a nationally representative panel data set that anonymously combines individual credit bureau records with Federal Pell Grant and federal student loan recipient information, records on college enrollment, graduation and major, and school characteristics. We show that borrower-level credit characteristics are important predictors of student loan delinquencies. In particular, credit scores ...


An Empirical Study Of Earnings Of Immigrants And Native-Born Americans In The U.S. Labor Market Given Different Levels Of Educational Attainment, Yuli P. Gomez Bravo Dec 2016

An Empirical Study Of Earnings Of Immigrants And Native-Born Americans In The U.S. Labor Market Given Different Levels Of Educational Attainment, Yuli P. Gomez Bravo

Applied Economics Theses

This paper will compare the Lifetime wage earnings of immigrants and native-born citizens in the U.S. for the years 2000-2010 according to educational attainment using cross-sectional data. The data obtained through IPUMS-CPS Integrated Public Use of Microdata Series, University of Minnesota. The findings of investment in Human Capital of Mincer (1958), the Immigrants earnings distribution of Chiswick and Miller (2006), the Pareto’s law of income distribution, and the immigrants investment in human capital model by Duleep and Regets (1999) are the theoretical basis in which this study will be ruled. The empirical evidence suggests that immigrants who invest ...


What Are The Best Universities In The Nation, And Why?, Taylor Finn Dec 2016

What Are The Best Universities In The Nation, And Why?, Taylor Finn

Honors Projects and Posters

This project is an economists approach to ranking universities in the United States. The goal of this research was twofold. First, I aimed to assign a market based quality measure to 950 universities. This was accomplished by using NACE data from 2013 to calculate a weighted average of salaries for each university. This is what graduates should receive on average after graduation. We then used PayScale data from 2013 to find out what graduates from each university actually made. The difference between what they should receive and actually receive equals the quality value. Second, I analyzed how specific university attributes ...


Changing The World One Backpack At A Time: The Story Of Micah's Backpack And Community Engagement, Jennie Hodge, Nancy K. Franz Nov 2016

Changing The World One Backpack At A Time: The Story Of Micah's Backpack And Community Engagement, Jennie Hodge, Nancy K. Franz

Education Books

It started with one backpack, or rather, one backpack program. Micah’s Backpack was an initiative launched in Blacksburg, Virginia. The group, organized by members of St. Michael Lutheran Church, initially started by distributing backpacks full of food to five children from low-resource families. Now, the outreach has grown to feed nearly three hundred children. In addition to Micah’s Backpack, new programs have flourished under the Micah’s Caring Initiative: Micah’s Mobile Backpack, Micah’s Garden, Micah’s Soup for Seniors, and Micah’s Closet. All provide vital services to the community.


Access, Human Potential And Administrators, Michael Hemesath Nov 2016

Access, Human Potential And Administrators, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Holistic Sustainability As Key To Emiratization: Links Between Job Satisfaction In The Private Sector And Young Emirati Adult Unemployment, Georgia M. Daleure Oct 2016

Holistic Sustainability As Key To Emiratization: Links Between Job Satisfaction In The Private Sector And Young Emirati Adult Unemployment, Georgia M. Daleure

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study examines factors leading to unemployment among young Emirati adults and new entrants to the workforce despite the abundant employment opportunities available in the UAE private sector. The study points out that new entrants to the workforce, including a growing number of college graduates, find few opportunities in the preferred but saturated public sector so they are faced with a three-part employment decision: considering employment in the private sector for a long-term career, entering the private sector temporarily, or remaining unemployed until an opportunity emerges in the public sector. The study sheds light on the obvious question, “Why would ...


More “Crippling” Debt?, Michael Hemesath Oct 2016

More “Crippling” Debt?, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Need Based Aid From Selective Universities And The Achievement Gap Between Rich And Poor, Sunha Myong Oct 2016

Need Based Aid From Selective Universities And The Achievement Gap Between Rich And Poor, Sunha Myong

Research Collection School Of Economics

I study the role of need-based aid from selective universities in closing the achievement gap between rich and poor high school students. I focus on the incentive aspect of need-based aid that can change high school students’ effort choices. The impact of increasing need-based aid depends on the extent of borrowing constraints and how competition affects the relative performance of low- and high-income students. I develop a structural model of students’ learning, application, and admission processes, and estimate it with the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002, a nationally representative sample. I use a geographic variation in costs of attending selective ...


Disconnect On The Value Of College?, Michael Hemesath Sep 2016

Disconnect On The Value Of College?, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Another Case For The Liberal Arts, Michael Hemesath Sep 2016

Another Case For The Liberal Arts, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Mentors And Community, Michael Hemesath Sep 2016

Mentors And Community, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


The Uses And Meaning Of Tuition, Michael Hemesath Aug 2016

The Uses And Meaning Of Tuition, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Lost Boys, Michael Hemesath Aug 2016

Lost Boys, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora Jul 2016

Have You Counted The Ingredients On Your Child's Lunch Tray?: An Economic Analysis Of Sustainability Initiatives Within The School Lunch Program, Vanessa R. Scalora

Business and Economics Summer Fellows

In 2010, President Obama signed the Healthy Hunger Free Kids Act, establishing a monetary incentive for schools that served meals following a more rigorous nutritional requirement than standard guidelines. This act is a step in the right direction towards placing more importance on school lunches, however America’s lunchroom practices continue to be environmentally unsustainable, and students absorb this message. The production and transportation of processed cafeteria food contributes to climate change, its packaging is polluting, and its consumption contributes to obesity. The use of premade foods and sales from vending machines increase as lunch times grow ever shorter. In ...


Class Distinctions For The Global Economy, Aaron W. Hughey Jul 2016

Class Distinctions For The Global Economy, Aaron W. Hughey

Aaron W. Hughey

No abstract provided.


Indian Doctoral Research In Social Sciences With Specific Reference To Library And Information Science, Jyotshna Sahoo, Santosini Mundhial, Basudev Mohanty Jul 2016

Indian Doctoral Research In Social Sciences With Specific Reference To Library And Information Science, Jyotshna Sahoo, Santosini Mundhial, Basudev Mohanty

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The very purpose of the paper is to focus on the output of doctoral research in different fields of Social Sciences in India. Attempts have been made to project various indicators of Social Science research and more comprehensively Library and Information Science research by analyzing doctoral research works carried out during the period 2010-2012. While presenting quantification of research output in the form doctoral theses for the period of study, the paper highlights distribution of research output by discipline, language, ranking pattern of Universities, States, and supervisors by their output. The paper also indicates the core areas of research activity ...


Brexit, Donald Trump And The Liberal Arts, Michael Hemesath Jun 2016

Brexit, Donald Trump And The Liberal Arts, Michael Hemesath

Administration Publications

No abstract provided.


Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy: Staking A Claim Against The Macrostructural Unconscious, Peter Mclaren Jun 2016

Revolutionary Critical Pedagogy: Staking A Claim Against The Macrostructural Unconscious, Peter Mclaren

Education Faculty Articles and Research

Critical pedagogy currently exists today as precariously as a shabby lean-to room added to a typical American hall-and-parlor house. I am referring to the type of house that formed the basic English prototype for the classic American building we see everywhere in New England and on the East Coast. If the hall-and-parlor house represents education in the main, then we critical educators are as rare as hen’s teeth, shunted to the rear of the house, squatters huddled under a slanted roof, wearing fingerless gloves, clutching our tin cups of broth, spearing biscuits and dreaming of the day when we ...


Development Of Utility Theory And Utility Paradoxes, Timothy E. Dahlstrom Jun 2016

Development Of Utility Theory And Utility Paradoxes, Timothy E. Dahlstrom

Lawrence University Honors Projects

Since the pioneering work of von Neumann and Morgenstern in 1944 there have been many developments in Expected Utility theory. In order to explain decision making behavior economists have created increasingly broad and complex models of utility theory. This paper seeks to describe various utility models, how they model choices among ambiguous and lottery type situations, and how they respond to the Ellsberg and Allais paradoxes. This paper also attempts to communicate the historical development of utility models and provide a fresh perspective on the development of utility models.


Japanese Neet And Freeter: A Representation Of The Relationship Between Social Changes And Youth's Employment Pattern, Linh Hoang Jun 2016

Japanese Neet And Freeter: A Representation Of The Relationship Between Social Changes And Youth's Employment Pattern, Linh Hoang

Honors Theses

My paper attempts to analyze the existence of NEET (No Employment, Education or Training – ニート) and Freeter (Freelancing part-time worker - フリーター), two common groups of young unemployed people and irregular workers in Japan. Throughout the study, the relationship between Japanese social changes, modernization process and Japanese NEETs and Freeters is thoroughly examined. The first social change related to the establishment of these two groups is the transformation of employment system. The combination of a seniority-based system and performance-based system as well as their contrasts has increased the competitiveness in the job seeking war while eliminating some of the employees’ former ...


Quantitative Assessment Of The Presence Of A Bubble In The Higher Education Market, Kyle Birnbaum Jun 2016

Quantitative Assessment Of The Presence Of A Bubble In The Higher Education Market, Kyle Birnbaum

Honors Theses

The relationship between the value of a college education and the price of the diploma is explored for exuberance in light of the accelerating growth rate of college tuition. With the Great Recession of 2007 still in on the minds of the American public, bubble formation and the subsequent burst is a concern for future economic stability. Discussion on the presence of a higher education bubble continues to increase however it has yet to be quantitatively assessed. This paper utilizes a modified price-dividend ratio, tailored for higher education, implemented in the econometric model for bubble detection developed by Phillips, Wu ...


Bullying And Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth, 1997, Jessica Lum May 2016

Bullying And Human Capital Accumulation: Evidence From The National Longitudinal Survey Of Youth, 1997, Jessica Lum

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, 1997 (NLSY97) is used to study the effect of bullying on human capital accumulation. Findings suggest that adolescent bullying has a significant and negative impact on the highest educational level attained, as well as income earned as an adult.


Arts-Based Learning: Art, Economy And Financial Magic At The Stockholm School Of Economics, Marie Lousie-Fend May 2016

Arts-Based Learning: Art, Economy And Financial Magic At The Stockholm School Of Economics, Marie Lousie-Fend

2016 ABLD-EBSLG-APBSLG Joint Conference & Meeting

No abstract provided.


Leveraging The Effects Of Loss Framing To Nudge Low-Income, High-Achieving Students In Chicago Towards Higher Education, Benjamin Feis May 2016

Leveraging The Effects Of Loss Framing To Nudge Low-Income, High-Achieving Students In Chicago Towards Higher Education, Benjamin Feis

Honors Theses (PPE)

The vast majority of low-income, high-achieving high school students in the U.S. either do not apply to college or undermatch by attending less selective institutions than those they are qualified to attend. Previous research has demonstrated that behavioral “nudges” can be an effective and low-cost method of influencing students’ application behavior and encouraging them to enroll in selective institutions. This study contributes to this existing body of literature by examining whether framing college earnings premium information as a loss causes low-income high school students in Chicago to report greater likelihood of applying to college than when the same information ...


Labor Market Returns To The Ged Using Regression Discontinuity Analysis, Christopher Jepsen, Peter Mueser, Kenneth R. Troske May 2016

Labor Market Returns To The Ged Using Regression Discontinuity Analysis, Christopher Jepsen, Peter Mueser, Kenneth R. Troske

Economics Faculty Publications

We evaluate returns to General Educational Development (GED) certification for high school dropouts using state administrative data. We apply a fuzzy regression discontinuity method to account for test takers retaking the test. For women we find that GED certification has no statistically significant effect on either employment or earnings. For men we find a significant increase in earnings in the second year after taking the test but no impact in subsequent years. GED certification increases postsecondary school enrollment by 4–8 percentage points. Our results differ from regression discontinuity approaches that fail to account for test retaking.


Student-Crafted Experiments “From The Ground Up”, Stacie A. Bosley May 2016

Student-Crafted Experiments “From The Ground Up”, Stacie A. Bosley

School of Business All Faculty Scholarship

If experiential learning activities support engagement and deeper student learning, student-owned experiments constructed “from the ground up” might have benefits that exceed pre-designed classroom experiences. This paper provides a framework for embedding a custom experiment project within an existing course. Students manage every aspect of the process, from experimental design to analysis. Two example implementations are described. Undergraduate behavioral economics students created original experiments, exploring anchoring and adjustment in the context of pyramid scheme pitches (in spring 2013) and reciprocity in attraction (in fall 2014). Perceived benefits and potential pitfalls are explored. While this paper does not represent a controlled ...


"How The Unemployment Rate In Spain Affects University Enrollment", Morgan A. Clarke May 2016

"How The Unemployment Rate In Spain Affects University Enrollment", Morgan A. Clarke

Economics Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis studies the subsequent labor market outcomes of college graduates during an economic recession in Spain over the years 2000-2012. I use data on undergraduate enrollment, unemployment, national income, and educational spend from the Spanish National Institute of Statistics, the CIA World Fact Book, Spain’s Ministry of Education, and World Bank to run regression analyses and the Granger Causality Test. I find that university enrollment and unemployment rate are positively correlated. Regression results show that for every one percent increase in unemployment, enrollment increases by approximately 7,429 students.


The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh Apr 2016

The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Sierra Leone, home to 6.1 million people, has suffered huge consequences in the country’s economic growth due to a civil war that took place from 1991-2002. Therefore, Sierra Leone’s population is made of mostly the young youths and adults due to abandonment of caregivers and deaths. The effect of the violent civil war has caused the country to be ranked as one of the poorest country in the world. There are some efforts being put to stimulate economic growth so the citizens can be able to sustain themselves. The efforts include outside assistance from other countries and ...


Can The Working Industry Tell About Your Chance Of Getting Health Insurance? A Study On The Health Insurance Coverage Of Working Adults In The U.S., Ngocgiao Nguyen, Robert Leekley, Faculty Advisor Apr 2016

Can The Working Industry Tell About Your Chance Of Getting Health Insurance? A Study On The Health Insurance Coverage Of Working Adults In The U.S., Ngocgiao Nguyen, Robert Leekley, Faculty Advisor

John Wesley Powell Student Research Conference

Poster presentation abstract.