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Economics

2006

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Testing Tenure: Let The Market Decide, Michael Shermer Dec 2006

Testing Tenure: Let The Market Decide, Michael Shermer

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

Tenure debates and disputes are often irresolvable because of the complex and multivariate nature of contractual relationships between faculty and administration, and the nuanced and varying beliefs about tenure held by the professoriate. The Ceci et al. study leads this commentator to suggest a simple solution - allow individual institutions to define the parameters of tenure according to their unique core values.


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley Oct 2006

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley

New England Journal of Public Policy

The editor's note at the beginning of this journal briefly speaks about each article within. The author touches upon learning, the challenges to an education, the effects of the growth of technology, how world politics interfere with economy, and how employment is affected by technology.


The Future Of Learning, Robert B. Reich Oct 2006

The Future Of Learning, Robert B. Reich

New England Journal of Public Policy

As part of UMass Boston’s recent celebration to mark the inauguration of Chancellor Michael F. Collins, M.D., the Division of Corporate, Continuing and Distance Education (CCDE) hosted a “virtual symposium” featuring Robert B. Reich. Between April 24 and May 8, CCDE posted a streaming video and a downloadable audio file of a presentation that Professor Reich had delivered on April 11, 2006 at the national conference of the University Continuing Education Association. This talk was supplemented, on May 3, by a live teleconferencing Q&A session with Professor Reich and about fifty UMass Boston graduate students.


What Matter For Child Development?, Fali Huang Oct 2006

What Matter For Child Development?, Fali Huang

Research Collection School Of Economics

This paper estimates production functions of child cognitive and social development using a panel data of nine-year old children each with over two hundred home and school inputs as well as family background variables. A tree regression method is used to conduct estimation under various speci…cations. A small subset of inputs is found consistently important in explaining variances of child development results, including the number of books a child has at various ages and how often a mother reads to child by age …ve, while the e¤ects of race and maternal employment are negligible when detailed inputs are ...


U.S. Universities' Net Returns From Patenting And Licensing: A Quantile Regression Analysis, Harun Bulut, Giancarlo Moschini Sep 2006

U.S. Universities' Net Returns From Patenting And Licensing: A Quantile Regression Analysis, Harun Bulut, Giancarlo Moschini

CARD Working Papers

In line with the rights and incentives provided by the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980, U.S. universities have increased their involvement in patenting and licensing activities through their own technology transfer offices. Only a few U.S. universities are obtaining large returns, however, whereas others are continuing with these activities despite negligible or negative returns. We assess the U.S. universities' potential to generate returns from licensing activities by modeling and estimating quantiles of the distribution of net licensing returns conditional on some of their structural characteristics. We find limited prospects for public universities without a medical school everywhere in ...


Demand And Supply Curves: Rotations Versus Shifts, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton Aug 2006

Demand And Supply Curves: Rotations Versus Shifts, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton

Robert L Sexton

There is no abstract for this brief contribution.


Demand And Supply Curves: Rotations Versus Shifts, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton Aug 2006

Demand And Supply Curves: Rotations Versus Shifts, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton

Robert L Sexton

There is no abstract for this brief contribution.


Demand And Supply Curves: Rotations Versus Shifts, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton Aug 2006

Demand And Supply Curves: Rotations Versus Shifts, Philip E. Graves, Robert L. Sexton

PHILIP E GRAVES

There is no abstract for this brief contribution.


Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Aug 2006

Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Financial markets in a country are parts of modern economic systems and have definite impacts of its economic performance. However, in an underdeveloped economic structure there can be other targets o hidden activities for them. Such assumptions are provoked under totalitarian economic systems that impose cartel monopolies in a autocratic compradorism that own most of the companies and their stocks. The institutional structure of the prevailing economic system avails negative cost/benefits dealings to continue unaffected as the main profits have to come from other resources, e.g., money laundry. The private sector has to be monopolized in order to ...


Changing Maine, 1960-2010: Teaching Guide, Richard Barringer, New England Environmental Finance Center Jul 2006

Changing Maine, 1960-2010: Teaching Guide, Richard Barringer, New England Environmental Finance Center

Maine History & Policy Development

Unlike forty years ago, none of us is now certain what the future holds for Maine – except that it will be different. Maine has been transformed by the events of the recent decades. We have come into a new world, a new time – a new historical era, if you will. This new era, like previous eras in Maine history, will require of us new ways of thinking, new ways of understanding, new ways of organizing ourselves as a community of people, if the values and culture we share and cherish are to endure and flourish.


Gender And Performance: Evidence From School Assignment By Randomized Lottery, Justine S. Hastings, Thomas J. Kane, Douglas O. Staiger May 2006

Gender And Performance: Evidence From School Assignment By Randomized Lottery, Justine S. Hastings, Thomas J. Kane, Douglas O. Staiger

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed Mar 2006

Assessment Of Capital Returns And Economics Of Investment In Khartoum Stock Exchange Market, Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Professor Issam A.W. Mohamed

Financial markets in a country are parts of modern economic systems and have definite impacts of its economic performance. However, in an underdeveloped economic structure there can be other targets o hidden activities for them. Such assumptions are provoked under totalitarian economic systems that impose cartel monopolies in a autocratic compradorism that own most of the companies and their stocks. The institutional structure of the prevailing economic system avails negative cost/benefits dealings to continue unaffected as the main profits have to come from other resources, e.g., money laundry. The private sector has to be monopolized in order to ...


Gender Equity In Intercollegiate Athletics: Determinants Of Title Ix Compliance, Deborah J. Anderson, John J. Cheslock, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Mar 2006

Gender Equity In Intercollegiate Athletics: Determinants Of Title Ix Compliance, Deborah J. Anderson, John J. Cheslock, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt The year 2002 marked the 30th anniversary of the passage of Title IX, which prohibits discrimination by gender in any federally funded educational activity. Although the scope of Title IX includes all aspects of education, the application of Title IX to college athletics has been especially complicated because athletics programs, unlike most academic classes, usually are sex-segregated by sport. As explained in more detail below, Title IX essentially requires that all institutes of higher education provide student access to sport participation on a gender-neutral basis. As a result, athletic opportunities for female undergraduates have expanded significantly since 1972. For ...


Regulation And Freedom In Global Business Education, Stefano Harney, Cliff Oswick Mar 2006

Regulation And Freedom In Global Business Education, Stefano Harney, Cliff Oswick

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

Purpose: This paper seeks to confront the orthodoxy of global business education with some insights from postcolonial theory in order to develop a new critical pedagogy adequate for a global sociology of management and accounting. Design/methodology/approach: Reviewing the state of play in postcolonial theory and noting the new politicisation in that field, the paper asks what relevance this politicisation might have for an alternative to orthodox global business education. Findings: The paper finds that the texts available to postcolonial theory present a wealth beyond the regulation of colonial and neo‐colonial regimes and in contrast critical management studies ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 25, Wku Student Affairs Jan 2006

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 25, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Brandenburg, Katie. Proposal Suggests $45 Fee
  • Green, Tavia. Students Recover from Loss of Home – WKU Swim Team
  • Richardson, Kelly. Owensboro May Get Full Western Campus
  • Caudle, Leah. Greeks Must Commit to Be in Village
  • Coulter, Amber. University of Kentucky May Receive More Funding
  • Coulter, Amber. Network Proposal Would Link State Schools – Kentucky Education Network
  • Super Signing – David Elson
  • McNamara, Andrew. Chain Letters Clog Up Facebook
  • Lilly, Malcolm. Intelligent Design is Most Likely
  • Paul, Corey. Explorers to Showcase Training – WKU Police
  • Bosken, Nina. Journalist to Open ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 24, Wku Student Affairs Jan 2006

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 24, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Coulter, Amber. Budget Won’t Cover Costs
  • Paul, Corey. Fires Destroy Local Houses - Arson
  • Harrell, Bobby. J-term Enrollment Higher than University of Kentucky’s
  • Bosken, Nina. Race Machine Brings Diversity to Downing University Center – Video Games
  • Coulter, Amber. Study Finds Salary Equity
  • Coulter, Amber. Donor Helps Scholarship Increase
  • Governor Ernie Fletcher’s Folly
  • Watt, Wes. Opinion Page is Everyone’s Page
  • Casagrande, Michael. Note from the Editor
  • McNamara, Andrew. Additions to Downing University Center Centralize Services
  • Harrell, Bobby. Governor’s Comments Ignite Intelligent Design Debate ...


Child Schooling In A Community In Transition: A Case Of Scheduled Tribe In Andhra Pradesh, India, Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr. Jan 2006

Child Schooling In A Community In Transition: A Case Of Scheduled Tribe In Andhra Pradesh, India, Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr.

Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr.

a


Islam And The Science Of Economics, Syed Farid Alatas Jan 2006

Islam And The Science Of Economics, Syed Farid Alatas

farid alatas

Economists have generally maintained a rigorous separation between positive and normative economics. In the Muslim world, however, concerted attempts have been made to relate moral conduct to economic institutions and practices. Demands for an alternative theory and practice of development to both modernization and Marxist theories had led to the rise of Islamic economics. But while Islamic economic thinking presents an ideal of development that is based on an Islamic philosophy of life, it is beset by a number of problems which make it difficult to be considered as an alternative to modernist discourse as far as empirical theory is ...


The Poor Don’T Need Another Prophet: A People-Centered Approach To Microfinance & Education In Bolivia, Payal Arora Jan 2006

The Poor Don’T Need Another Prophet: A People-Centered Approach To Microfinance & Education In Bolivia, Payal Arora

Payal Arora

No abstract provided.


Fourth Annual Henry Lecture: Families Alone: The Changing Economics Of Rearing Children, Elizabeth Warren Jan 2006

Fourth Annual Henry Lecture: Families Alone: The Changing Economics Of Rearing Children, Elizabeth Warren

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Reply To Elizabeth Warren, F. Stephen Knippenberg Jan 2006

Reply To Elizabeth Warren, F. Stephen Knippenberg

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Employment Success Of Community And Technical College Program Graduates As An Indicator Of Economic Development In West Virginia, Kristin L. Mallory Jan 2006

Employment Success Of Community And Technical College Program Graduates As An Indicator Of Economic Development In West Virginia, Kristin L. Mallory

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

The purpose of this study was to analyze existing wage data to quantify the employment success of community and technical college graduates by program as an indicator of economic development in West Virginia. Data for the variables were obtained from archival databases and a cooperative agreement between state agencies. Descriptive statistics were utilized to examine employment rates, range of earnings, and employment in-industry of community and technical college graduates from 23 programs from 1997 to 2002. Graduates in the health fields demonstrated both the highest and lowest ratios of employment, with the mean employment rate for all programs of 68 ...


A Simple Gift? The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise On Economic Revitalization, Michelle Miller-Adams Jan 2006

A Simple Gift? The Impact Of The Kalamazoo Promise On Economic Revitalization, Michelle Miller-Adams

Employment Research Newsletter

No abstract provided.


The Changing Nature Of The Faculty And Faculty Employment Practices, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jan 2006

The Changing Nature Of The Faculty And Faculty Employment Practices, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The nature of faculty employment practices at American colleges and universities is changing rapidly. So too is the gender, racial and ethnic composition of American faculty members. These changes, along with the growing importance and costs of scientific research, the increased commercialization of faculty research, the elimination of mandatory retirement for tenured faculty members and the growing costs of retiree health insurance, the growing salary differentials across universities and academic fields within a university, and the growth of collective bargaining for tenured and tenure-track faculty and graduate assistants at public universities and now adjuncts at private universities, have put ...


Crafting A Class: The Trade-Off Between Merit Scholarships And Enrolling Lower-Income Students, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Liang Zhang, Jared M. Levin Jan 2006

Crafting A Class: The Trade-Off Between Merit Scholarships And Enrolling Lower-Income Students, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Liang Zhang, Jared M. Levin

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] It is well known that test scores are correlated with students’ socio-economic backgrounds. Hence, to the extent that colleges are successful in “buying” higher test-score students, one should expect that their enrollment of students from families in the lower tails of the family income distribution should decline. However, somewhat surprisingly, there have been no efforts to test if this is occurring.

Our paper presents such a test. While institutional-level data on the dollar amounts of merit scholarships offered by colleges and universities are not available, data are available on the number of National Merit Scholarship (NMS) winners attending an ...


Teaching The Ethical Foundations Of Economics: The Principles Course, Jonathan B. Wight Jan 2006

Teaching The Ethical Foundations Of Economics: The Principles Course, Jonathan B. Wight

Economics Faculty Publications

When we analyze the source of humor, one ingredient is surely incongruity, the juxtaposition of opposites. So when Tom Lehrer, the consummate Harvard mathematician, openly calls for plagiarism, this is funny because it is exactly the opposite of what we expect - it is absurd. And yet, from the viewpoint of modern economics, is plagiarism really so absurd? We teach our students to maximize short-term profits (in a moral vacuum). We drill them that producers minimize private costs of production (without reference to ethical codes of conduct). We expect economic agents to operate with atomistic selfishness, assuring them that this will ...


The Many Facets Of Economic Mobility, Gary S. Fields Jan 2006

The Many Facets Of Economic Mobility, Gary S. Fields

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The main point of this chapter is to show that the different indices used in the mobility literature are not measures of the same underlying conceptual entity. In elementary statistics, students are taught that the mean and median are both measures of central tendency but they are different measures of central tendency; the variance and Gini coefficient are measures of dispersion but they are different measures of dispersion; and central tendency and dispersion are fundamentally different concepts from one another. In much the same way, this chapter maintains that the different mobility indices in common use are measuring fundamentally ...


No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy Jan 2006

No School Business Official Left Behind: School Business Officials, Superintendents, And Role Theory--Association Of School Business Officials (Asbo) International Professional Standards And Job Proficiency , Jeanette Sue Mcgreevy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to gain more understanding about the perceptions of school business officials' "adequacy of performance" in skill areas and "role consensus" regarding three theoretical role groups: executive, manager, and technician. From a new web-based survey, the perceptual data of 169 superintendents and 182 school business officials employed by Iowa public school districts during the 2005-2006 school year were analyzed using Role Theory as the theoretical framework and the 25 Association of School Business Officials (ASBO) International Professional Standards sub-skill set areas as the content framework. The response rate was 55.3% for school business officials ...


Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris Jan 2006

Effect Of Organizational Environments On The Status Attainment Of Students Of Color And Majority Students: A General Linear Model Analysis , Shantha Joseph Ravindra Pieris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to determine if the graduation rates of students of color and majority students at public, research extensive and intensive institutions could be predicted by institutional resource allocation activities in the context of both the internal and external environments of universities. The independent variables for the internal environment were expenditures in regard to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional grants (scholarships, fellowships), research, public service, institutional support, plant operation and maintenance, and institutional selectivity. The independent variables for the external environment were geographical region and degree of urbanization. The independent variables for the internal environment were calculated in ...


Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett Jan 2006

Unsecured Debt And Early Saving For Retirement By Recent Female College Graduates , Pamela J. Bennett

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate unsecured debt and the practice of saving early for retirement by recent female college graduates. An electronic survey was conducted to assess graduates from the calendar years 1994--2004. An over-sampling of Family and Consumer Sciences majors was conducted for comparison. The amount of debt, amount of retirement savings, attitudes toward retirement, and expectations toward retirement were investigated. The study was grounded in the Theory of Reasoned Action and the findings supported the theoretical construct;The study revealed lower than national average amounts of student loan debt and a slightly larger than national ...