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Full-Text Articles in Education

Does Regulation Drive Out Competition In Pharmaceutical Markets?*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Li-Wei Chao Oct 2000

Does Regulation Drive Out Competition In Pharmaceutical Markets?*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Li-Wei Chao

Health Care Management Papers

Most countries regulate pharmaceutical prices, either directly or indirectly, on the assumption that competition is at best weak in this industry. This paper tests the hypothesis that regulation of manufacturer prices and retail pharmacy margins undermines price competition. We use data from seven countries for 1992 to examine price competition between generic competitors (different manufacturers of the same compound) and therapeutic substitutes (similar compounds) under different regulatory regimes. We find that price competition between generic competitors is significant in unregulated or less regulated markets (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Germany) but that regulation undermines generic competition in strict regulatory ...


The State Of The Region: Hampton Roads 2000, James V. Koch, Aditi Agarwal, Vinod Agarwal, Rebecca Bowers, Steve Daniel, Michele Darby, John Gawne, Beth Herders, Jeffrey Harlow, Tatiana Isakovski, Sharon Lomax, Helen Madden, Stephen Medvic, Deborah L. Miller, Wayne Talley, Gilbert Yochum Oct 2000

The State Of The Region: Hampton Roads 2000, James V. Koch, Aditi Agarwal, Vinod Agarwal, Rebecca Bowers, Steve Daniel, Michele Darby, John Gawne, Beth Herders, Jeffrey Harlow, Tatiana Isakovski, Sharon Lomax, Helen Madden, Stephen Medvic, Deborah L. Miller, Wayne Talley, Gilbert Yochum

Economics Faculty Books

Those who know and love the region of Hampton Roads wish to make it an even better place to live than it is currently. In order for us to achieve that end, we must know literally "where we are" in critical areas. This first "State of the Region" Report is designed to provide citizens with a detailed, though not burdensome, look at several critical aspects of the lives we live in Hampton Roads. The Report focuses on topics such as the regional economy (including the tourist and military sectors), the workforce, K-12 education, technology, and of course, government and regional ...


Human Capital, Education, And Agriculture, Wallace E. Huffman Sep 2000

Human Capital, Education, And Agriculture, Wallace E. Huffman

Economic Staff Paper Series

Education is widely recognized as the most important form of human capital, and health as the second most important form. The primary focus is on schooling where private and social real rates of return remain high in low and middle income countries for elementary and secondary schooling. The paper reviews broad effects of education in agriculture, and examines some of the prospects and potential for thefuture. Conclusions include: (i) schooling cannot be viewed as unconditionally productive in agriculture. It s impact is conditioned by the price and technology environment and options for off-farm work and migration, (ii) With rapid advances ...


Adapting The System Of Continuing Vocational Education For The 3rd Industrial Revolution: Experiences From The Swedish Pilot Project With Ave, Mats Lindell Aug 2000

Adapting The System Of Continuing Vocational Education For The 3rd Industrial Revolution: Experiences From The Swedish Pilot Project With Ave, Mats Lindell

International Vocational Education and Training Association (IVETA) Conference

This paper analyses problems associated with adapting the system of continuing vocational education (CVT) to the rapidly changing Swedish labour market. The key question asked in the paper is how CVT is going to adapt to a labour market characterised by a growing ITeconomy. The paper also presents empirical data from the pilot project in Sweden called Advanced Vocational Education. AVE is a new form of post-secondary education designed to meet changing technology and skill requirements. The paper concludes that AVE is a step in the right direction in decreasing the gap between demand and supply.


Potential Cost Savings And Framework Of Strategies For Improved Delivery Of Government Services, Mark A. Edelman Dr. May 2000

Potential Cost Savings And Framework Of Strategies For Improved Delivery Of Government Services, Mark A. Edelman Dr.

Economic Staff Paper Series

This Preliminary Assessment represents a response to an important and timely request for information from the Governor's Strategic Planning Council. This report represents a limited response based on findings and principles from existing applied studies, academic literature, and input from a knowledgeable range of expertise from the private and public sectors represented on the Iowa Research Council Public Finance Study Development Committee. The intended purpose of this report is to provide a basis for discussion by the Governor's Strategic Planning Council as well as other state and local policymakers, leaders and citizens. The specific questions provided to the ...


Financial Forecasts For The Next Decade, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Apr 2000

Financial Forecasts For The Next Decade, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Harold Hovey pointed out that the outlook for state funding of public higher education institutions during the first decade of the 21st century might not be as rosy as it has been during the last five years. The pictures I have painted of the financial futures for American public and private higher education echo his concerns. If sustained economic growth continues, academic institutions' financial prospects will be somewhat brighter. However, it is clear that the well-being of colleges and universities nationwide depends upon their diversifying their sources of revenues. Through their efforts to do so, the publics will end ...


First Year Versus Second Year Retention Of College Students: A Case Study, Heather M. O'Neill Jan 2000

First Year Versus Second Year Retention Of College Students: A Case Study, Heather M. O'Neill

Business and Economics Faculty Publications

Students and their families expend much time, effort and money researching which colleges or universities will best suit the students' needs. Simultaneously, institutions desire to find the cohort of students who will succeed at their schools. Recently, faced with more stringent economic constraints, schools are not only seeking students likely to succeed, but are more aware of the financial burden placed on schools if attrition is high. Since the cost of recruiting a class has risen over the years, the cost of losing students has increased. As a result, institutions are more interested in engaging in student retention studies to ...


Long-Term Debt In College And University Institutional Finance, James Alan Shultz Jan 2000

Long-Term Debt In College And University Institutional Finance, James Alan Shultz

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.