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Economics

1993

Institution
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Articles 1 - 18 of 18

Full-Text Articles in Education

Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xii, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studis Dec 1993

Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xii, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studis

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Institutional Responses To Increased External Support For Graduate Students, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Daniel J. Rees, Dominic J. Brewer Nov 1993

Institutional Responses To Increased External Support For Graduate Students, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Daniel J. Rees, Dominic J. Brewer

Articles and Chapters

This paper uses institutionally based data to estimate how universities would respond to increased federal support for graduate students. It demonstrates that doctorate-producing universities do respond to changes in the number of full-time science and engineering students supported on external funds by altering the number of students that they support on institutional funds. Institutional adjustment to changes in external support levels appears to be quite rapid. However, in the aggregate, the magnitude of these responses is quite small.


Providence's Unending Quest For Cash, Chester Smolski Jun 1993

Providence's Unending Quest For Cash, Chester Smolski

Smolski Texts

"The mayor of Providence has a big problem. How can he balance a budget that addresses the needs of an increasingly large number of people, yet deal with a declining tax base that is less able to pay for theses extra services?"


Review Of The Book In Pursuit Of The Ph.D., Ronald G. Ehrenberg Jun 1993

Review Of The Book In Pursuit Of The Ph.D., Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] When William Bowen, the President of the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation (formerly the President of Princeton University), and Neil Rudenstine, the President of Harvard University (formerly Executive Vice President of Mellon), combine to write a book on doctoral study in the arts and sciences, the academic profession must take notice. And well it should. Building on Bowen and Julie Ann Sosa's (1989) predictions of forthcoming shortages of Ph.D.'s in the arts and sciences, In Pursuit of the Ph.D. provides a detailed analysis of the propensity of American college graduates to enter doctoral programs in the ...


Human Capital Investment And The Locally Rational Child, Peter F. Orazem, Leigh Tesfatsion May 1993

Human Capital Investment And The Locally Rational Child, Peter F. Orazem, Leigh Tesfatsion

ISU Economic Report Series

This study analyzes an overlapping generations economy with multiple family dynasties in which the abihty levels of children are random and unobservable. Each parent allocates his income between consumption and investment in the education of his child. Each child, in turn, decides how much effort toexert in school on the basis of his perceived marginal returns to schooling, a perception shaped in part by the child's perception ofthe marginal returns to "schooling attained by his parent. The income tax policies available to government range from hbertarian (no redistribution) to perfectly egalitarian (equalization of after-tax family incomes in each period ...


Comment On Epstein, "Holdouts, Externalities, And The Single Owner: One More Salute To Ronald Coase", Patricia. M. Danzon Apr 1993

Comment On Epstein, "Holdouts, Externalities, And The Single Owner: One More Salute To Ronald Coase", Patricia. M. Danzon

Health Care Management Papers

No abstract provided.


Did Teachers’ Race And Verbal Ability Matter In The 1960’S? Coleman Revisited, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Dominic J. Brewer Mar 1993

Did Teachers’ Race And Verbal Ability Matter In The 1960’S? Coleman Revisited, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Dominic J. Brewer

Articles and Chapters

Our paper reanalyzes data from the classic 1966 study Equality of Educational Opportunity, or Coleman Report. It addresses whether teacher characteristics, including race and verbal ability, influenced "synthetic gain scores" of students (mean test scores of upper grade students in a school minus mean test scores of lower grade students in a school), in the context of an econometric model that allows for the possibility that teacher characteristics in a school are endogenously determined.

We find that verbal aptitude scores of teachers influenced synthetic gain scores for both black and white students. Verbal aptitude mattered as much for black teachers ...


The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

The Paradox Of Ideology, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A standard problem with the objectivity of social scientific theory in particular is that it is either self-referential, in which case it seems to undermine itself as ideology, or self-excepting, which seem pragmatically self-refuting. Using the example of Marx and his theory of ideology, I show how self-referential theories that include themselves in their scope of explanation can be objective. Ideology may be roughly defined as belief distorted by class interest. I show how Marx thought that natural science was informed by class interest but not therefore necessarily ideology. Capitalists have an interest in understanding the natural world (to a ...


Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz Jan 1993

Functional Explanation And Metaphysical Individualism, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

A number of (present or former) analytical Marxists, such as Jon Elster, have argued that functional explanation has almost no place in the social sciences. (Although the discussion is framed in terms of a debate among analytical Marxists, the point is quite general, and Marxism is used for illustrative purposes.) Functional explanation accounts for what is to be explained by reference to its function; thus, sighted organism have eyes because eyes enable them to see. Elster and other critics of functional explanation argue that this pattern of explanation is inconsistent with "methodological individualism," the idea, as they understand it, that ...


The Short-And Long-Run Marginal Cost Curve: A Pedagogical Note, Robert L. Sexton, Philip E. Graves, Dwight R. Lee Jan 1993

The Short-And Long-Run Marginal Cost Curve: A Pedagogical Note, Robert L. Sexton, Philip E. Graves, Dwight R. Lee

PHILIP E GRAVES

There is no abstract for this brief contribution.


Mason Square Revitalization Study Urban Village Potential, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development Jan 1993

Mason Square Revitalization Study Urban Village Potential, Umass Amherst Center Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

This report had tried to develop recommendations that would revitalize the Mason Square area, which is located in the geographic center of the city of Springfield, Massachusetts, through the improvement of public space and community development.


How Would Universities Respond To Increased Federal Support For Graduate Students?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Daniel J. Rees, Dominic J. Brewer Jan 1993

How Would Universities Respond To Increased Federal Support For Graduate Students?, Ronald G. Ehrenberg, Daniel J. Rees, Dominic J. Brewer

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This paper has demonstrated that doctorate-producing universities respond to changes in the number of FTSEG students supported on external funds by altering the number of FTSEG students that they support on institutional funds. While institutional adjustment to changes in external support levels appears to be quite rapid, in the aggregate the magnitude of these responses is quite small. A increase of 100 in the number of FTSEG students supported by external funds is estimated to reduce the number supported on institutional funds by 22 to 23. Since some of the institutional funds that are "saved" may be redirected to ...


Learning Society And Low Unemployment: Education And Training In Low Unemployment Countries, Anto Kerins Jan 1993

Learning Society And Low Unemployment: Education And Training In Low Unemployment Countries, Anto Kerins

Books / Book chapters

Ireland is a world leader in literature, music and well bred horses. She has also done well in economic growth, foreign trade and low inflation. However, in unemployment she is also, unfortunately, a world leader. This book approaches the jobs crisis in Ireland by reflecting on the experience of five relatively low unemployemnt nations: Austria, Japan, Norway and Sweden. This book offers a wide range of ideas and proposals on how to reduce our unemployment.


Empirical Analysis Of The Demand For Higher Education, 1966-1990, Darin Ray Wohlgemuth Jan 1993

Empirical Analysis Of The Demand For Higher Education, 1966-1990, Darin Ray Wohlgemuth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Socioeconomic And Psychological Variables Influencing Household Debt , Ujang Sumarwan Jan 1993

Socioeconomic And Psychological Variables Influencing Household Debt , Ujang Sumarwan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The overall objective of this study was to examine factors influencing total debt, total debt payment, and patterns of debt payments. The study examined the impacts of both psychological (credit attitudes and perception of future income) and socioeconomic variables on total debt, total debt payment and patterns of debt payments;A conceptual model for this study was developed by incorporating the theory of borrower risk, the economic and psychological economic theory of borrowing, and the results of previous studies. This model identifies socioeconomic and psychological variables that influence total debt, total debt payment, and patterns of debt payments. Socioeconomic variables ...


Toward A Sustainable Maine : The Politics, Economics, And Ethics Of Sustainability, Richard Barringer (Ed.) Jan 1993

Toward A Sustainable Maine : The Politics, Economics, And Ethics Of Sustainability, Richard Barringer (Ed.)

Maine Collection

Toward A Sustainable Maine : The Politics, Economics, and Ethics of Sustainability

Richard Barringer, editor, Professor Emeritus at the University of Southern Maine

Edmund S. Muskie Institute of Public Affairs, University of Southern Maine, Portland, Maine, 1993.

The proceedings of a conference presented at Bowdoin College on March 19 and 20, 1993, by the Edmund S. Muskie Institute of Public Affairs at the University of Southern Maine, and by the Natural Resources Council of Maine. Ellen Baum, conference organizer.

Contents; Foreword by Richard Barringer / Welcome by Everett Carson / Global, Canadian, and Maine Perspectives / Sustaining Our Natural and Human-made Capital / Sustaining Our ...


The Short-And Long-Run Marginal Cost Curve: A Pedagogical Note, Robert L. Sexton, Philip E. Graves, Dwight R. Lee Dec 1992

The Short-And Long-Run Marginal Cost Curve: A Pedagogical Note, Robert L. Sexton, Philip E. Graves, Dwight R. Lee

Robert L Sexton

There is no abstract for this brief contribution.


The Short-And Long-Run Marginal Cost Curve: A Pedagogical Note, Robert L. Sexton, Philip E. Graves, Dwight R. Lee Dec 1992

The Short-And Long-Run Marginal Cost Curve: A Pedagogical Note, Robert L. Sexton, Philip E. Graves, Dwight R. Lee

Robert L Sexton

There is no abstract for this brief contribution.