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Full-Text Articles in Education

Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman Sep 2019

Extension Demonstration: Grameen Microfinance Methods And Capital Access For Low-Income Female Entrepreneurs, Mark A. Edelman

Economics Working Papers

A nonprofit community development financial institution and Extension collaborated to conduct a demonstration project to evaluate efficacy of Grameen peer-group microfinance methodology in addressing barriers faced by lowincome women entrepreneurs in a small metro area. Program performance metrics achieved by 284 low-income, culturally diverse, primarily women entrepreneurs over five years included: a loan repayment rate of 99+ percent, increased average client income, savings accumulation at a local bank, and increased opportunities to improve average credit scores. Client surveys indicated peer-group methods, program structure, incentives for individual behaviors and group responsibilities provided opportunity to develop confidence, leadership skills, and teamwork.


Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta Jan 2018

Best Practices For Planning, Developing, And Sustaining Interdisciplinary Language-Based Study Abroad Programs, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In seventeen years of experience as a study abroad program director, I have seen how university students, faculty members, and administrators have come to share a strategic mission for study or work abroad; namely that programs must provide a meaningful international credential that not only yields a more fruitful undergraduate experience but also creates the potential for a better and higher-paying job upon graduation. I have spoken with many job recruiters over the years who tout the importance of developing an international skill set that requires a profound understanding of other cultures and languages. General news outlets and trade magazines ...


Accounting For Institutional Variation In Expected Returns To Higher Education, Shawn F. Dorius, David A. Tandberg, Bridgette Cram Oct 2017

Accounting For Institutional Variation In Expected Returns To Higher Education, Shawn F. Dorius, David A. Tandberg, Bridgette Cram

Sociology Publications

This study leverages human capital theory to identify the correlates of expected returns on investment in higher education at the level of institutions. We leverage estimates of average ROI in post-secondary education among more than 400 baccalaureate degree conferring colleges and universities to understand the correlates of a relatively new metric of institutional ROI. Results indicate that a diverse undergraduate student body, high graduation rate, and public university status are strong, positive, and robustly associated with institutional ROI. The model accounts for more than 70% of inter-university variation in ROI, suggesting that the factors we have identified are among the ...


Food Intakes Of 2,189 Women In Five North Central States, Pearl Swanson, Elisabeth Willis, Emil Jebe, Janice M. Smith, Margaret A. Ohlson, Alice Biester, Lida M. Burrill Jun 2017

Food Intakes Of 2,189 Women In Five North Central States, Pearl Swanson, Elisabeth Willis, Emil Jebe, Janice M. Smith, Margaret A. Ohlson, Alice Biester, Lida M. Burrill

Research Bulletin (Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics Experiment Station)

Nearly 2,200 women, ranging in age from 30 to more than 90 years, living in five North Central states, provided the 24-hour dietaries from which data summarized in this bulletin were obtained. The women interviewed in Iowa and South Dakota were selected by area-probability sampling methods, so that they represented all women over 29 years of age in each of these two states. Four other samples were drawn from three urban centers: one from Urbana, Illinois; two (one white, one Negro) from Lansing-East Lansing, Michigan; and one from St. Paul, Minnesota.

The mean nutritive values of 24-hour dietaries reported ...


College Student Debt And Anticipated Repayment Difficulty, Jonathan J. Fox, Suzanne Bartholomae, Jodi C. Letkiewicz, Catherine P. Montalto Jan 2017

College Student Debt And Anticipated Repayment Difficulty, Jonathan J. Fox, Suzanne Bartholomae, Jodi C. Letkiewicz, Catherine P. Montalto

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

This study analyzes factors associated with anticipated difficulty with repayment of debt accumulated during college using a basic model of credit risk that includes socialization processes influencing college student financial decisions. The empirical analysis uses data from the 2010 Ohio Student Financial Wellness Study. Results provide evidence of male overconfidence in financial decision making, as males are less likely than females to predict repayment difficulties. Socialization process variables, including financial management practices, financial parenting communication, and expected economic returns from education, are strongly associated with anticipated debt repayment difficulty. Inclusion of these process variables in the model results in loss ...


Show Me The Money: Federal R&D Support For Academic Chemistry, 1990–2009, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, Donna K. Ginther Dec 2016

Show Me The Money: Federal R&D Support For Academic Chemistry, 1990–2009, Joshua L. Rosenbloom, Donna K. Ginther

Economics Working Papers

We examine the distribution of Federal support for chemistry Research and Development (R&D) performed at U.S. universities from 1990-2009. Federal R&D funding is an essential source of funds for investigator-driven research at the nation’s universities. Previous studies have documented that aggregated federal R&D funding has become more dispersed over time and attributed this to political pressure to spread resources more evenly. There have, however, been few studies of the allocation of funds within narrowly defined scientific disciplines. By narrowing the focus and exploiting the panel nature of our data we are better able to analyze ...


What Are The Best Universities In The Nation, And Why?, Taylor Finn Dec 2016

What Are The Best Universities In The Nation, And Why?, Taylor Finn

Honors Projects and Posters

This project is an economists approach to ranking universities in the United States. The goal of this research was twofold. First, I aimed to assign a market based quality measure to 950 universities. This was accomplished by using NACE data from 2013 to calculate a weighted average of salaries for each university. This is what graduates should receive on average after graduation. We then used PayScale data from 2013 to find out what graduates from each university actually made. The difference between what they should receive and actually receive equals the quality value. Second, I analyzed how specific university attributes ...


Changing The World One Backpack At A Time: The Story Of Micah's Backpack And Community Engagement, Jennie Hodge, Nancy K. Franz Nov 2016

Changing The World One Backpack At A Time: The Story Of Micah's Backpack And Community Engagement, Jennie Hodge, Nancy K. Franz

Education Books

It started with one backpack, or rather, one backpack program. Micah’s Backpack was an initiative launched in Blacksburg, Virginia. The group, organized by members of St. Michael Lutheran Church, initially started by distributing backpacks full of food to five children from low-resource families. Now, the outreach has grown to feed nearly three hundred children. In addition to Micah’s Backpack, new programs have flourished under the Micah’s Caring Initiative: Micah’s Mobile Backpack, Micah’s Garden, Micah’s Soup for Seniors, and Micah’s Closet. All provide vital services to the community.


The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh Apr 2016

The Effect Of Civil War On The Economic Development Of Sierra Leone, Hawa Dindin Conteh

Iowa State University Anthropology Symposium

Sierra Leone, home to 6.1 million people, has suffered huge consequences in the country’s economic growth due to a civil war that took place from 1991-2002. Therefore, Sierra Leone’s population is made of mostly the young youths and adults due to abandonment of caregivers and deaths. The effect of the violent civil war has caused the country to be ranked as one of the poorest country in the world. There are some efforts being put to stimulate economic growth so the citizens can be able to sustain themselves. The efforts include outside assistance from other countries and ...


Elements Of Dynamic Economic Modeling: Presentation And Analysis, Leigh Tesfatsion Feb 2016

Elements Of Dynamic Economic Modeling: Presentation And Analysis, Leigh Tesfatsion

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

The primary goal of these introductory notes is to promote the clear presentation and rigorous analysis of dynamic economic models, whether expressed in equation or agent-based form. A secondary goal is to promote the use of state-space modeling with its respect for historical process, for cause leading to effect without top-down imposition of global constraints. If economic modelers truly wish to respect the rationality of decision-makers, they should have the courage of their convictions; they should not be doing for their modeled decision-makers what in reality these decision-makers must do for themselves.


Couples’ Financial Management And Marital Quality: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Emily Sorenson Jan 2016

Couples’ Financial Management And Marital Quality: A Phenomenological Inquiry, Emily Sorenson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study explores the link between couples’ financial management practices and their marital quality through qualitative inquiry. Six couples in their first marriage with at least one child age 18 or younger were interviewed to understand how their financial histories affect their current approach to financial management and how their financial management affects their relationships. Using Couples and Finances Theory as a conceptual framework, this phenomenological study investigates these linkages to offer implications for financial counselors and therapists. There was no one financial management technique that appeared to link consistently to quality of relationships. Rather, it appeared that underlying relationship ...


Measuring Public Agricultural Research And Extension And Estimating Their Impacts On Agricultural Productivity: New Insights From Us Evidence, Yu Jin, Wallace E. Huffman Jan 2016

Measuring Public Agricultural Research And Extension And Estimating Their Impacts On Agricultural Productivity: New Insights From Us Evidence, Yu Jin, Wallace E. Huffman

Agricultural Policy Review

In order to feed the growing population of the world, expected to reach 9.6 billion people—a 29 percent increase over 2013—by 2050 without causing immense environmental damage and hunger, society must increase agricultural productivity. Investing further in public agricultural research and extension will help alleviate this problem. Developed countries, like the United States, have been a leader in this area for most of the twentieth century. For example, US public agricultural research grew rapidly from 1960–1980, but slowed considerably from 1980–1995, showed negative growth from 1995–1998, then flattened by 2010.


The Future Of Currency, Jack Carney, Nailah Fitzgerald Jun 2015

The Future Of Currency, Jack Carney, Nailah Fitzgerald

Ethos

Today, we live and die by the almighty dollar. It determines where we work, where we sleep and where we spend our free time. For the past 100 years, the dollar has been the norm here in America, but things are beginning to change.


Crowded Campus: Where Is The Money Going?, Emily Elveru, Mackenzie Ferguson, Kait Mckinney May 2015

Crowded Campus: Where Is The Money Going?, Emily Elveru, Mackenzie Ferguson, Kait Mckinney

Ethos

Fifty long minutes of class have come and gone, students pack up their bags and sling them over their shoulders as they walk out of the classroom and onto the sidewalk. Joining a surplus of other students, they notice campus is more congested this year. Iowa State University’s enrollment of 31,040 students is the highest to date, beating last year’s record by 1,153. “Growth is always positive,” says Warren Madden, Vice President for Business and Finance. “We would much rather deal with the university growing than shrinking.”


Food Defense Best Practices Reported By Public School Food Authorities In Seven Northern U.S. States, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Carol J. Klitzke Apr 2015

Food Defense Best Practices Reported By Public School Food Authorities In Seven Northern U.S. States, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Carol J. Klitzke

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Purpose/Objectives This study reported food defense planning, training and best practices implemented in public schools in Montana, Wyoming, South Dakota, North Dakota, Iowa, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Methods An internet-administered survey was sent to 1,501 school food authorities or food service directors (FSDs) in public schools. Survey items included frequency of implementation of 31 food defense best practices adapted from the work of Yoon and Shanklin (2007) and Yoon (2007). Focus was on practices relating to employee management, utility security, facility security, and communication. Additional items requested information about food defense planning, food defense training, operational, and demographic characteristics ...


Forging A University Research Mission, Joshua L. Rosenbloom Jan 2015

Forging A University Research Mission, Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Economics Publications

The university exists to accommodate and implement the whole human learning process, and this must include creative scholarship and research. Thus research is not an optional activity of the university, not merely a legitimate pursuit of those who may be interested and willing to dedicate their spare time, nor an assignment justified to either the university or the professor by the resultant income in dollars and publicity. Rather, research is an inescapable responsibility of the university and an inseparable part of its total educational function. "The Place of Research in the University"


Benchmarking Professional Development Practices Across Youth-Serving Organizations: Implications For Extension, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2014

Benchmarking Professional Development Practices Across Youth-Serving Organizations: Implications For Extension, Barry A. Garst, Sarah Baughman, Nancy K. Franz

Extension and Outreach Research and Scholarship

Examining traditional and contemporary professional development practices of youth-serving organizations can inform practices across Extension, particularly in light of the barriers that have been noted for effectively developing the professional competencies of Extension educators. With professional development systems changing quickly, particularly through online education and blended learning opportunities, benchmarks need to guide new research around best practices in professional development. Although many program providers have not established benchmarks for professional development, a few cases exist. This article examines the current state of professional development practices of youth-serving organizations and offers recommendations for improving Extension professional development practices.


Educational Attainment, College Major Choice, The Gender Wage Gap, And Average Starting Salaries Of College Graduates In The United States, 1967-2011, Nicole Stefanie Caviris Jan 2014

Educational Attainment, College Major Choice, The Gender Wage Gap, And Average Starting Salaries Of College Graduates In The United States, 1967-2011, Nicole Stefanie Caviris

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Wage gaps between men and women have narrowed since 1970. There have been many explanations offered for this decline, but the most common have been the increased likelihood that women complete college, a narrowing of gender differences in occupational choice, and a reduction in wage discrimination. This study estimates the contributions of college entry, choice of major, and wage differentials within occupations on the overall change in gender wage gaps from 1967 to 2011 using a Tornqvist approximation to a shift-share analysis of the factors affecting relative earnings for men and women and changes in relative wages between men and ...


Surveying Student Perspectives To Enhance Civic And Global Learning, Robert D. Reason, Larry A. Braskamp Jul 2013

Surveying Student Perspectives To Enhance Civic And Global Learning, Robert D. Reason, Larry A. Braskamp

Education Publications

Throughout its history, American higher education has prepared students for principled citizenship in a democratic society. Yet in recent years, public critique has focused ever more sharply on higher education's role in fueling economic growth (National Task Force on Civic Learning and Democratic Engagement 2012). In the face of these pressures, several educational leaders and organizations, including the Association of American Colleges and Universities (AAC&U), have called on colleges and universities to recommit to preparing students to become active workers and citizens. Fortunately, these are complementary goals. By helping students develop civic capacities like a sense of personal ...


Essays On Agricultural, Financial Economics And Education, Juan Manuel Murguia Baysse Jan 2013

Essays On Agricultural, Financial Economics And Education, Juan Manuel Murguia Baysse

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is devoted to the study of three different topics under the advice of three different mayor professors. The only thing these topics have in common is the interest and curiosity of the author to explain real life events, using applied econometric techniques. Chapter 2 applies financial tools to assess whether stock values reacted across world markets to the announcement of indexes that synthesize the environmental performance of the world's largest publicly-traded companies. The environmental index selected for this purpose is the "Global 100 Ranking" (G100), a ranking of the 100 largest public companies by market capitalization. The ...


Economic Pressure And Family-Of-Origin Relationships As Predictors Of African American Educational Attainment During Late Adolescence, Jennifer Marie Senia, Aisha White, Clinton G. Gudmunson Jan 2011

Economic Pressure And Family-Of-Origin Relationships As Predictors Of African American Educational Attainment During Late Adolescence, Jennifer Marie Senia, Aisha White, Clinton G. Gudmunson

Human Development and Family Studies Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

According to a recent Current Population Survey, at the end of the 2008-2009 period, African American and Hispanic families experienced respective poverty rates of 25.8% and 25.3%, a stark contrast to the 9.4% rate experienced by non-Hispanic White families. Minority youth have disproportionately low rates of educational & occupational attainment compared to other ethnic groups.


Iowa State University Financial Counseling Clinic Client Report, Meghan Gillette, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Jeanna Nation Jan 2011

Iowa State University Financial Counseling Clinic Client Report, Meghan Gillette, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Jeanna Nation

Human Development and Family Studies Reports

According to client exit surveys, the Financial Counseling Clinic at Iowa State University provides highly satisfactory services to students and non-students in the Ames area. The average level of client financial stress decreased by three points on a ten-point scale after a counseling session. The majority of clients were single, White, Iowa State University students in their early 20s. The biggest concern reported by clients was not having a saving or spending plan. There were differences across ethnic and age groups in the number of financial pressure experienced, stress level, amount of self-reported student loan debt, and self-reported total consumer ...


Student And Teacher Attendance: The Role Of Shared Goods In Reducing Absenteeism, Ritwik Banerjee, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno Dec 2010

Student And Teacher Attendance: The Role Of Shared Goods In Reducing Absenteeism, Ritwik Banerjee, Elizabeth M. King, Peter F. Orazem, Elizabeth M. Paterno

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

A theoretical model is advanced that demonstrates that, if teacher and student attendance generate a shared good, then teacher and student attendance will be mutually reinforcing. Using data from the Northwest Frontier Province of Pakistan, empirical evidence supporting that proposition is advanced. Controlling for the endogeneity of teacher and student attendance, the most powerful factor raising teacher attendance is the attendance of the children in the school, and the most important factor influencing child attendance is the presence of the teacher. The results suggest that one important avenue to be explored in developing policies to reduce teacher absenteeism is to ...


Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem Jan 2010

Lifetime Health Consequences Of Child Labor In Brazil, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Publications

The health consequences of child labor may take time to manifest themselves. This study examines whether children who began working at a young age experience increased incidence of illness or physical disability as adults. When child labor and schooling are treated as chosen without consideration of unobserved abilities or health endowments, child labor appears to have small adverse effects on a wide variety of health measures. Some adverse health consequences such as heart disease or hypertension seem unlikely to be caused by child labor. However, when we allow unobserved health and ability endowments to alter the age of labor market ...


The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos Jan 2009

The Benefits And Costs Of Alternative Strategies To Improve Educational Outcomes, Peter F. Orazem, Paul Glewwe, Harry Patrinos

Economics Publications

Few empirical relationships have been investigated more frequently than that between years of schooling and earnings. Hundreds of studies using a wide variety of datasets from developed countries, spanning many decades, and employing alternative specifications to correct for various potential sources of bias, have consistently found positive private returns per year of schooling.• Returns arc frequent ly equal to or above long-run average market returns to other investments.


High School Employment, School Performance, And College Entry, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem Jun 2008

High School Employment, School Performance, And College Entry, Chanyoung Lee, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

The proportion of U.S. high school students working during the school year ranges from 23% in the freshman year to 75% in the senior year. This study estimates how cumulative work histories during the high school years affect probability of dropout, high school academic performance, and the probability of attending college. Variation in individual date of birth and in state truancy laws along with the strength of local demand for low-skill labor are used as instruments for endogenous work hours during the high school career. Working more hours during the academic year does not affect high school academic performance ...


An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette Jan 2008

An Equity Analysis Of The Iowa School Funding Model That Addresses The Instructional Support Program And The Influence This Program Has On Student Achievement, Nicholas Joseph Ouellette

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Financial equity among school districts across the country has been studied for many years. Research has given mixed reviews that increased funding will equate to higher student achievement. As educators and legislators debate the adequacy and equity of funding for all schools across states and the country, having a strong foundation of research in which to base the discussion is crucial. School funding models must be studied to ensure that all students have an opportunity for an equitable and adequate educational experience.;The purpose of this study was to take a look at the Iowa school funding model and the ...


The Economic Impacts Of Iowa State University In Fiscal 2006, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington Jul 2007

The Economic Impacts Of Iowa State University In Fiscal 2006, David Swenson, Liesl Eathington

Economics Technical Reports and White Papers

Iowa State University contributes significantly to the state’s economy. This study isolates the economic impacts of the university as an Iowa educational, scientific, service, cultural, and recreational center. This study also measures the economic impact value of ISU student spending in central Iowa.


A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell Jan 2007

A Phenomenological Study Of Family Influence On Millennial College Students' Money Beliefs And Behaviors, Mary Ann Briscoe Campbell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although family systems theorists have long emphasized the family as an important influence on the individual's life choices, there is minimal qualitative research relating to Millennial college students and the impact of their families, particularly in the area of financial beliefs and behaviors. The purpose of this qualitative study was the exploration of the phenomenon of family influence on Millennial college students regarding how money messages from parents and grandparents have influenced their own money beliefs and behaviors. Seven college students between the ages of 21-23 were interviewed to gain insight into the perceived impact of family money messages ...


Returns To Graduate And Professional Education: The Roles Of Mathematical And Verbal Skills By Major, Moohoun Song, Peter F. Orazem Jan 2007

Returns To Graduate And Professional Education: The Roles Of Mathematical And Verbal Skills By Major, Moohoun Song, Peter F. Orazem

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

Students in majors with higher average quantitative GRE scores are less likely to attend graduate school while students in majors with higher average verbal GRE scores are more likely to attend graduate school. This sorting effect means that students whose cognitive skills are associated with lower earnings at the bachelor’s level are the most likely to attend graduate school. As a result, there is a substantial downward bias in estimated returns to graduate education. Correcting for the sorting effect raises estimated annualized returns to a Master’s or doctoral degree from about 5% to 7.3% and 12.8 ...