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17__ - Plano De Punta Escondida Y Del Islote De Cayo Escondido En La Parte Suroriental De La Baja California Oct 2017

17__ - Plano De Punta Escondida Y Del Islote De Cayo Escondido En La Parte Suroriental De La Baja California

Pre-1824 Maps

An undated, incomplete chart missing the upper half where there most likely was a population plan and index that corresponded to the alphabetical notations on the map. It is missing any type of cartouche or legend describing the chart. The title was derived from the content of the map. It appears to be a plan of Puerto Escondido and the islet of Cayo Escondido located in the southeastern part of Baja California, Mexico, some 15 miles south of Loreto on the Sea of Cortez. The chart focuses on topography, reflected by the relief represented by contour lines, as opposed to ...


1769 - Plano De La Costa Del Sur Corregido Hasta La Canal De Santa Barbara Oct 2017

1769 - Plano De La Costa Del Sur Corregido Hasta La Canal De Santa Barbara

Pre-1824 Maps

Under orders from Don Jose de Gálvez, between 1768 and 1770, Miguel Constanzó explored the coastline of the California (Baja) Peninsula and Alta California with a two-fold purpose: 1) to correct existing navigational charts, and 2) to investigate and develop plans for the ports of San Diego and Monterey. He was also directed, if possible, to investigate the San Francisco Bay region and develop plans for that area too. His explorations resulted in four maps that included a plan focused on the coastal region around the Channel of Santa Bárbara. The map roughly depicts the coastline from San Blas, New ...


1797 C. - Mar Grande De San. Blas Oct 2017

1797 C. - Mar Grande De San. Blas

Pre-1824 Maps

This undated, hand-drawn map reflects the coastline beginning in the northern portion of the Baja Peninsula going as far north as Puerto de la Bodega. It shows the approximate location of the 18 missions established in Alta California by 1797. It does not show missions located north of the San Francisco Bay – San Rafael Arcángel and San Francisco de Solano established in 1817 and 1823 respectively. Mission San Luis Rey de Francia established in 1798 and located north of San Diego is not shown on the map, hence one can extrapolate that the map was probably created in late 1797 ...


1795 C. – Mapa De La Nueva California Al Exmo SeñOr Principe De La Paz Oct 2017

1795 C. – Mapa De La Nueva California Al Exmo SeñOr Principe De La Paz

Pre-1824 Maps

A map of Nueva Califorina dedicated to the “Prince of Peace” (Principe de la Paz), a title given to Manuel Godoy y Álvarez de Faria in 1795 who began his career in 1788 as guard of the Corps and by 1792 was no less than Duke of Alcudia, Great of Spain and Secretary of State. From this dedication, the 1795 date has been attributed to the map. This map reflects the coastal area of Nueve California but provides little detail of its interior. The exploration routes taken by P. Gracés and Juan Bautista de Auza in 1775 are depicted. The ...


1770 - Carta Reducida Del Occeano AsiáTico Nombrado Por Los Navegantes Mar Del Sur - Que Comprehende La Costa Oriental Y Occidental De La Peninsula De La California Con El Golfo De Su DenominacióN Sep 2017

1770 - Carta Reducida Del Occeano AsiáTico Nombrado Por Los Navegantes Mar Del Sur - Que Comprehende La Costa Oriental Y Occidental De La Peninsula De La California Con El Golfo De Su DenominacióN

Pre-1824 Maps

This map by Miguel Costanzó depicts a West Coast region of New Spain (Nueva Españal) and the American frontier that extended from Cabo de Corrientes in New Spain to Cabo Blanco (the westernmost point in modern-day Oregon) and the Rio de los Reyes (River of the Kings) immediately to the north of Cabo Blanco. Motivated by news from Europe that the Russians and English were establishing themselves on the coasts of the North Pacific, Following January 1768 issuance of an order by the Viceroy Governor of New Spain, navigators who had previously explored the Sea of the South proceeded to ...


1791 - Costa N.O. De La Ámerica Septentrional: Plano De La Ensenaday Puto De Monterrey Situado En La Latitd. N 36°-36’ Y El Longitud De 115°-90'-20''. Occidentl. De Cadiz / Levantado Por Las Corvetas De S.M. Descubierta Y Atrevida Sep 2017

1791 - Costa N.O. De La Ámerica Septentrional: Plano De La Ensenaday Puto De Monterrey Situado En La Latitd. N 36°-36’ Y El Longitud De 115°-90'-20''. Occidentl. De Cadiz / Levantado Por Las Corvetas De S.M. Descubierta Y Atrevida

Pre-1824 Maps

This map was created as a part of a five-year maritime scientific exploration made by Alessandro Malaspina and José de Bustamante y Guerra in Spanish corvettes Atrevida and Descubierta. The multifaceted journey included a search for the Northwest Passage. The map depicts the Central California coastline from Ano Nuevo State Marine Conservation Area south to Point Lobos. Malaspina arrived in Monterey Bay on September 11, 1791 where he and the scientists who accompanied him recorded their observations and made nautical sounding along the coast.


1770 - Carta Reducida Del Oceano Asiatico, Ó Mar Del SúR, Que Comprehende La Costa Oriental Y Occidental De La Península De La California, Con El Golfo De Su Denominacion Antiguamente Conocido Por La De Mar De Cortés Sep 2017

1770 - Carta Reducida Del Oceano Asiatico, Ó Mar Del SúR, Que Comprehende La Costa Oriental Y Occidental De La Península De La California, Con El Golfo De Su Denominacion Antiguamente Conocido Por La De Mar De Cortés

Pre-1824 Maps

The chart was drawn by Miguel Constanzó, royal engineer for the Kingdom of New Spain, who accompanied the 1769 expedition led by Captain Gaspar de Portola to establish a settlement at Monterey Bay previously discovered by Sebastián Vizcaino in 1603. The chart depicts the Pacific Ocean, the entire eastern and western coast of the California peninsula, the Sea of Cortez, and the coasts of North America, from the isthmus that connects this peninsula with the mainland to the River of the Kings (R de los Reyes), and from the Colorado River to the Cape of Corrientes.


1828 - Cote Nord-Quest De L'AméRique Reconnue Par Le Cap. Vancouver Sep 2017

1828 - Cote Nord-Quest De L'AméRique Reconnue Par Le Cap. Vancouver

Pre-1824 Maps

Map published in France in 1828 depicting the West Coast from Bodega Bay, California, to El Rosario, Baja California as described by Captain George Vancouver of the British Royal Navy during his exploration of this region in 1793. The map shows vessels' tracks and depths by soundings. The two inset maps of Port of San Diego and entrance to the Port of San Francisco show relief by hachures; depths by soundings.


1786 - A New Map Of The Whole Continent Of America - Divided Into North And South And West Indies Where They Are Exactly Described In United States Of North America As Well As The Several European Possessions According To The Preliminaries Of Peace Signed At Versailles, Jan 20, 1783 Aug 2017

1786 - A New Map Of The Whole Continent Of America - Divided Into North And South And West Indies Where They Are Exactly Described In United States Of North America As Well As The Several European Possessions According To The Preliminaries Of Peace Signed At Versailles, Jan 20, 1783

Pre-1824 Maps

An early map that depicted both the North and South Americans along with the West Indies. It provides a glaring contrast between the known and unknown regions, with the Eastern parts of North America quite well understood, while the mythical River of the West was still shown as a continuous water course from the Atlantic to the Pacific. The map reflects the United States following the American Revolutionary War and included the addition of Spanish discoveries north of Baja California in what has been described as “fantastically detailed” topographical and geographical features. Included on this map is the often-disputed Chinese ...


1783 - New Map Of North America With West India Islands, Divided According To The Preliminary Articles Of Peace, Signed At Versailles, 20, Jan. 1783, Wherein Are Particularly Distinguished The United States, And The Several Provinces, Governments & Ca Which Compose The British Dominions, Laid Down According To The Latest Surveys, And Corrected From The Original Materials Of Goverr. Pownall, Membr. Of Parlimnt. Aug 2017

1783 - New Map Of North America With West India Islands, Divided According To The Preliminary Articles Of Peace, Signed At Versailles, 20, Jan. 1783, Wherein Are Particularly Distinguished The United States, And The Several Provinces, Governments & Ca Which Compose The British Dominions, Laid Down According To The Latest Surveys, And Corrected From The Original Materials Of Goverr. Pownall, Membr. Of Parlimnt.

Pre-1824 Maps

The map was originally published in 1755 and subsequently updated numerous times as more land was explored and land ownership changed. It includes text at the top right corner setting forth the fishing rights of the United States. The lower left corner contains an insert is entitled: “A Passage By Land to California.” An upper left corner insert is entitled: “A Particular map of Baffin and Hudson’s Bay.” Extensive comments by Pownall regarding the lands and territories between the Apalachean (sic) Mountains and the Mississippi River regarding indigenous tribes, sites suitable for factories, alliances and temperaments of tribes and ...


1772 - Plano Geográfico De La Mayor Parte De La America Septentrional Española Apr 2017

1772 - Plano Geográfico De La Mayor Parte De La America Septentrional Española

Pre-1824 Maps

The map made principally in 1767 depicts the state of knowledge at that the time that the Spaniards had acquired of Upper-California and the Colorado River, immediately before the commencement of the explorations of the regions by the Franciscan missionaries in 1769 and the Spanish Northwest navigations after 1774. Father José de Alzate y Ramírez drew the original map entitled, Nuevo mapa geográfico de la América septentrional Española, dividida en obispados y provincias, in 1767 (New Geographical Map of Northern Spanish America, divided into Bishoprics and Provinces). This 1772 map was a correction of the previous map made to “bring ...


1777 - Carte De La Californie : Suivant I. La Carte Manuscrite De L'Amérique De Mathieu Néron Pecci Olen Dresses À Florence En 1604, Ii. Sanson 1656, Iii. De L'Isle Amérique Sept. 1700, Iv. Le Pere Kino Jesuite En 1705, V. La Société Des Jésuites En 1767. Mar 2017

1777 - Carte De La Californie : Suivant I. La Carte Manuscrite De L'Amérique De Mathieu Néron Pecci Olen Dresses À Florence En 1604, Ii. Sanson 1656, Iii. De L'Isle Amérique Sept. 1700, Iv. Le Pere Kino Jesuite En 1705, V. La Société Des Jésuites En 1767.

Pre-1824 Maps

This 1777 map shows five early cartographic perceptions of California and the Gulf of California; Islands, settlements, areas of Native American housing, and notable physical features. Includes some dates of discovery, ranging from roughly 1604 to 1767. The map explores California cartography in the late 18 th century. The 1604 map correctly presumed that the main body of California extended southward to a peninsula. The 1656 map shows California as an island. The 1700 map reattaches California to the mainland. The 1705 map rendered by a Jesuit missionary c. 1705 finally disproved that California was a separate island. The final ...


1650 - AméRique Septentrional Mar 2017

1650 - AméRique Septentrional

Pre-1824 Maps

This 1650 map of North America depicts the Great Lakes in a recognizable form naming both Lake Ontario and Lake Superior. The East Coast designation “N[ouvelle] Amsterdam is present day New York and “N[ovelle] Suede” is the Swedish colony, present day Delaware. The area delineated as “Mer Glaciale” refers to the Northwest Passage. The source for the Southwest area are the 1630 reports of Father Alonso Benavides on his travels in New Mexico with many Native tribes describe. The R. del Norte (Rio Grande) is shown mistakenly as flowing from an interior lake and emptying into the Mar ...


1775 - Chart, Containing The Coasts Of California, New Albion, And Russian Discoveries To The North; With The Peninsula Of Kamtschatka, In Asia, Opposite Thereto; And Islands, Dispersed Over The Paci C Ocean, To The North Of The Line. North America And The West Indies, With The Opposite Coasts Of Europe And Africa. Mar 2017

1775 - Chart, Containing The Coasts Of California, New Albion, And Russian Discoveries To The North; With The Peninsula Of Kamtschatka, In Asia, Opposite Thereto; And Islands, Dispersed Over The Paci C Ocean, To The North Of The Line. North America And The West Indies, With The Opposite Coasts Of Europe And Africa.

Pre-1824 Maps

The 1775 map shows the northeast Pacific Ocean coasts of North America (California and New Albion) and the Aleutian Islands and routes of major exploration between 1542 and 1765. Also shows the north east coasts of North America, West Indies and coasts of Europe and Africa. Relief shown pictorially.


1688 America Settentrionale Colle Nuove Scoperte N Al'anno 1688, Divisa Nelle Sue Parti Secundo Lo Stato Mar 2017

1688 America Settentrionale Colle Nuove Scoperte N Al'anno 1688, Divisa Nelle Sue Parti Secundo Lo Stato

Pre-1824 Maps

1688 Vincenzo Coronelli map has large scene of gods and goddesses of navigation (map, sundial, sun, etc.) at left and large maroon drape above. Great Lakes region is most accurate. California is shown as a massive island with a large mountain ridge down its east side. Longitude 0⁰ goes through Iceland. Mississippi River exits in the Gulf of Mexico some 600 miles to the west of its true location. The Ohio River has been pushed south. In the West, previously unrecorded place names are noted. The Rio Grande is divided into the Rio Norte and the Rio Bravo in the ...


1595 - Vera Totius Expeditionis Nauticæ _ Descriptio D. Franc. Draci .. Mar 2017

1595 - Vera Totius Expeditionis Nauticæ _ Descriptio D. Franc. Draci ..

Pre-1824 Maps

This 1595 map depicts the routes taken around the world by Sir Francis Drake between 1577 and 1580 and by Thomas Cavendish between 1586 and 1588. The two-hemisphere old world map is surrounded by ornate artwork and text. It includes two ancillary maps showing landing at California and Java, two ancillary views showing Drake's welcome at Moluccas and Drake's ship cast up on the rocks near the Celebes.


1807- A Map Of The Internal Provinces Of New Spain Mar 2017

1807- A Map Of The Internal Provinces Of New Spain

Pre-1824 Maps

The 1807 map of New Spain stretches from the Baja Peninsula to Nacogdoches in the east and depicts the provincial boundaries, capitals of provinces or kingdoms, Indian and Spanish villages, and the American Troops route.


1680 - North America Divided Into Its Principall Parts Where Are Distinguished The Several States Which Belong To The English, Spanish, And French Mar 2017

1680 - North America Divided Into Its Principall Parts Where Are Distinguished The Several States Which Belong To The English, Spanish, And French

Pre-1824 Maps

1680 map depicting North America divided into its principal parts, viz. Arctick lands, New North Wales, N. South Wales, N. Britain, Canada, N. France, N. Scotland, N. England, N. York, N. Jersey, Mary-Land, Virginia, Carolina, Florida, Mexico, the islands of New Found Land, California, the Antilles, in which are distinguished the several countries as they are possessed by the English, Spanish and French.


1720 - La Californie Ou Nouvelle Caroline : Teatro De Los Trabajos, Apostolicos De La Compa. E Jesus En La America Septe. Mar 2017

1720 - La Californie Ou Nouvelle Caroline : Teatro De Los Trabajos, Apostolicos De La Compa. E Jesus En La America Septe.

Pre-1824 Maps

The 1720 map by Nicolas de Fer contains important information about Spanish missions in Mexico, Native American villages and western river systems. It shows the West Coast of Mexico, interior of the Southwest, Baja California and the island of California. The map was copied from the manuscript 1696 map by Father Eusebio Kino, who traveled throughout the Southwest for over a decade. Although Father Kino concluded by 1701 that California was connected to the mainland, the myth was perpetuated in the present map and was essentially an enlarged edition of De Fer's smaller 1700 map. It is decorated with ...


1769 – Mapa, Que Comprende La Frontera, De Los Dominios Del Rey, En La America Septentrional. José Urrutia And Nicolas De La Fora. Feb 2017

1769 – Mapa, Que Comprende La Frontera, De Los Dominios Del Rey, En La America Septentrional. José Urrutia And Nicolas De La Fora.

Pre-1824 Maps

A detailed 1769 map of the internal provinces of New Spain (Northern Mexico and Southwest United States) prepared as a result of the 1766-1768 expedition to survey presidios and defenses of northern New Spain. It includes administrative boundaries, pictorial representation of relief and selected European and Native American towns, as well as settlements, fortifications (presidios), mines, missions, haciendas, Native American nations, rivers, streams, lakes, coastlines and coastal features. The four sheets are numbered separately: "Primera Parte" extends from the Gulf of California to Texas, "Segunda Parte" extends from West Texas to the Louisiana border, "Tercera Parte" extends from the Gulf ...


1650 C. – Untitled Dutch Map Depicting California As An Island. Feb 2017

1650 C. – Untitled Dutch Map Depicting California As An Island.

Pre-1824 Maps

This 17th century Dutch map depicts western Mexico from Puerto Vallarta to Cape Blanco, mistakenly depicts California as an island. The map includes coastline, coastal features, streams and other bodies of water, missions and settlements, and pictorial representation of relief. The map also includes references to coastal features in California such a “P[uert]o S{an] digio,” P[uert]o Montiroy,” P[uert]o Francisco Draco,” and C[abo] Blanco.”