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Full-Text Articles in Education

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells Feb 2019

Sketchy Communication: An Experiential Exercise For Learning About Communication In Business, Camille Johnson, Linda Dunn-Jensen, Pamela Wells

Pamela Wells

To be an effective communicator, students need to learn how to select the appropriate means of communication and be aware of potential obstacles. The model of communication process can be an effective framework for students to understand many pitfalls of the communication process. The described activity enables students to experience communication at different levels of richness (e.g., face to face, instant messaging, email) and with varying levels of feedback and noise. After completing the activity, students will understand the importance of precise, rich messages, seeking and providing feedback, and the difficulties that can occur at every step in communication.


Cross-Country Heterogeneity In Students’ Reporting Behavior: The Use Of The Anchoring Vignette Method, Hana Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, Collin Hitt Dec 2017

Cross-Country Heterogeneity In Students’ Reporting Behavior: The Use Of The Anchoring Vignette Method, Hana Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, Collin Hitt

Gema Zamarro

Self-reports are an indispensable source of information in education research but they are often affected by heterogeneity in reporting behavior. Failing to correct for this heterogeneity can lead to invalid comparisons across groups. We use the parametric anchoring vignette method to correct for cross-country incomparability of students’ reports on teacher’s classroom management. Our analysis is based on the data from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2012. We show significant variation in implicit standards across countries. Correlations between countries’ average teacher classroom management levels and external variables like students test scores and public expenditure per pupil change substantially after ...


The Value Of Academic Libraries: Library Services As A Predictor Of Student Retention, Ashley Ireland, Adam Murray, Jana Hackathorn Jul 2017

The Value Of Academic Libraries: Library Services As A Predictor Of Student Retention, Ashley Ireland, Adam Murray, Jana Hackathorn

Jana Hackathorn

This study examined the predictive relationship between library use by individual students and their retention status in university settings. The methodology builds on a small number of previous studies to examine library use at the individual level to determine if use of specific library services is predictive of retention for freshmen and sophomores. Binary logistic regression yielded results that indicate a strong positive predictive relationship between library use of any kind with both freshmen and sophomore retention. These results suggest that academic libraries add value to institutional retention efforts.


Apa Goal #5 Professional Development: Assessment Outcomes For Sophomore And Senior Psychology Majors, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Apa Goal #5 Professional Development: Assessment Outcomes For Sophomore And Senior Psychology Majors, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

The objective of our study was to implement assessment measures concerning the professional development of psychology majors (APA Goal #5). Sophomore and senior-level psychology majors completed a battery of measures and we examined those outcomes for the expected developmental changes over time.


Measuring Apa Goal 2: Critical Thinking And The Psychology Major, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Measuring Apa Goal 2: Critical Thinking And The Psychology Major, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

We studied 21 junior-level psychology majors and their critical thinking and statistical reasoning skills. Modifying the Lawson et al. (2015) scoring rubric, we measured both critical thinking ability and developed a new measure of statistical reasoning. Tese methods may help psychology educators assess student competence within APA Goal 2.


Apa Guidelines For The Undergraduate Psychology Major, Version 2.0, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Apa Guidelines For The Undergraduate Psychology Major, Version 2.0, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

[No abstract available.]


To Go Or Not To Go: Graduate Study In Psychology, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Matthew Genuchi, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

To Go Or Not To Go: Graduate Study In Psychology, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Matthew Genuchi, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

We examined if providing students with resources can make a difference in the consideration of graduate school regarding self-efficacy, certainty, confidence, and awareness. Twenty-six first-year psychology majors were randomly assigned to one of four study conditions, and also completed a 16-item pretest-posttest survey about graduate school intentions.


Dissertation To Book: Successful Open Access Outreach To Graduate Students, Diane Gurman, Marta Brunner Mar 2016

Dissertation To Book: Successful Open Access Outreach To Graduate Students, Diane Gurman, Marta Brunner

Marta Brunner

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Volunteer-Student Relationship Trajectories Within School-Based Youth Mentoring Programs, Thomas Keller, Julia Pryce Feb 2016

An Investigation Of Volunteer-Student Relationship Trajectories Within School-Based Youth Mentoring Programs, Thomas Keller, Julia Pryce

Julia Pryce

This prospective, mixed-method study investigates the development of school-based mentoring relationships using direct observations, in-depth interviews, and questionnaires from the perspective of mentors and students. A pattern-oriented analysis of qualitative data explores the diversity observed in the life-course of mentor-student relationships. Systematic variation in developmental trends across relationships revealed four distinctive groupings. Some relationships showed progressive improvement in strength and quality. Others started well but reached a plateau and did not become particularly close. A third group struggled throughout to make a connection. Finally, some relationships succeeded after a breakthrough to overcome their challenges. These inductively derived categories are corroborated ...


The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith Feb 2016

The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith

Bobbi Newman

After the Spring 2014 primaries, the Common Core State Standards were viewed as a political hot potato. As former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee said, “the Common Core has become toxic, I think it’s radioactive…It has become an incredibly controversial topic on both the left and the right.” Even so, the Common Core turned out to play a role in some of the governor’s races in November 2014. In this analysis of candidate positions and the role of the Common Core across the 36 gubernatorial races of 2014, CPRE researchers Bobbi Newman, Jonathan Supovitz and Arial Smith used ...


Advancing Community Engaged Scholarship And Community Engagement At The University Of Massachusetts Boston: A Report Of The Working Group For An Urban Research-Based Action Initiative, Mark Warren, John Saltmarsh, Patricia Krueger-Henney, Lorna Rivera, Miren Uriarte, Donna Friedman, Richard Fleming, Diana Yadira-Salas, Luciano Ramos Jan 2016

Advancing Community Engaged Scholarship And Community Engagement At The University Of Massachusetts Boston: A Report Of The Working Group For An Urban Research-Based Action Initiative, Mark Warren, John Saltmarsh, Patricia Krueger-Henney, Lorna Rivera, Miren Uriarte, Donna Friedman, Richard Fleming, Diana Yadira-Salas, Luciano Ramos

Lorna Rivera

The University of Massachusetts Boston has a rich history of mission-driven commitments that engage the campus with local, state, regional, national, and global communities. In the context of a public urban research university, a mission of community engagement is most clearly expressed through community-engaged scholarship. The University is positioned to build upon its strengths in community engagement and strengthen its community-engaged scholarship to become an international model for community engagement.


Creating An Academic Culture That Supports Community-Engaged Scholarship, John Saltmarsh, Mark Warren, Patricia Krueger-Henney, Lorna Rivera, Richard Fleming, Donna Friedman, Miren Uriarte Jan 2016

Creating An Academic Culture That Supports Community-Engaged Scholarship, John Saltmarsh, Mark Warren, Patricia Krueger-Henney, Lorna Rivera, Richard Fleming, Donna Friedman, Miren Uriarte

Lorna Rivera

An increasing number of campuses are working to build systems of incentives and supports for faculty who undertake community-engaged scholarship. Recognizing that the policies and cultures that shape faculty behavior for career advancement have not kept pace with changes in knowledge production and dissemination, many campuses are at some stage in the process of reconsidering and revising their reward structures to provide recognition for new forms of scholarship, including community-engaged, digital, and interdisciplinary scholarship.


The Possibilities And Perils Of Academic Social Networking Sites, Ann Williams Dec 2015

The Possibilities And Perils Of Academic Social Networking Sites, Ann Williams

Ann E Williams

in press 2015, Online Information Review


College-Level Mandarin Chinese Study Abroad Pedagogy From An Ecological And Sociocultural Perspective (Peer-Reviewed), Li Jin Dec 2015

College-Level Mandarin Chinese Study Abroad Pedagogy From An Ecological And Sociocultural Perspective (Peer-Reviewed), Li Jin

Li Jin

No abstract provided.


125 Years: Serving The Government Information Needs Of South Dakota, Vickie L. Mix Dec 2015

125 Years: Serving The Government Information Needs Of South Dakota, Vickie L. Mix

Vickie Mix

The article focuses on the completion of 125 years of service in government information to South Dakota in September 2014. Topics discussed include official membership to the South Dakota State University of the Federal Depository Library program (FDLP) on November 2, 1889; distribution of House Journals to the historical societies and state executives; importance of land grant heritage to the University; and procurement of buildings and machinery under the U.S. Government Printing Office


Exploring Reading Habits And Academic Success In Rural Kenya, Florence Mugambi Nov 2015

Exploring Reading Habits And Academic Success In Rural Kenya, Florence Mugambi

Florence N. Mugambi

This study explores the relationship between reading habits and reading materials, and academic success of primary school students in the Ontulili community of Kenya. The study revealed high levels of satisfaction and contentment among the participants with respect to the availability of resources, reading abilities, educational performance, and overall preparedness for further education; yet, the data pointed to severe scarcity of learning materials, low reading skills, poor infrastructure, below average educational performance, and low preparedness for further education. It was concluded that lack of exposure to relevant reading materials, educational resources, and opportunities leads to subtle contentment alongside individual inability ...


Black Male College Achievers And Resistant Responses To Racist Stereotypes At Predominantly White Colleges And Universities, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D. Oct 2015

Black Male College Achievers And Resistant Responses To Racist Stereotypes At Predominantly White Colleges And Universities, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

In this article, Shaun R. Harper investigates how Black undergraduate men respond to and resist the internalization of racist stereotypes at predominantly White colleges and universities. Prior studies consistently show that racial stereotypes are commonplace on many campuses, that their effects are usually psychologically and academically hazardous, and that Black undergraduate men are often among the most stereotyped populations in higher education and society. The threat of confirming stereotypes has been shown to undermine academic performance and persistence for Blacks and other minoritized students. To learn more about those who succeed in postsecondary contexts where they are routinely stereotyped, Harper ...


Radical Academia: Beyond The Audit Culture Treadmill, Rowan Cahill, Terry Irving Oct 2015

Radical Academia: Beyond The Audit Culture Treadmill, Rowan Cahill, Terry Irving

Rowan Cahill

The pathos of radical academia: notes on the impact of neo-liberalism on the universities, especially the audit culture, the production-model, casualization, academic scholarship, academic writing, peer reviewing, and open access. The authors suggest ways scholars can be radical within, and outside, of neoliberal academia. Part I, 'Missing in Action' appeared as an Academia.edu session in May 2015, where it attracted many comments. Part II, 'What Can Be Done?' is the authors' response to these comments. The whole piece was posted on the Cahill/Irving blog 'Radical Sydney/Radical History' on 22 October 2015.


Sources As Topoi: Making A Place For Information Literacy, Grace Veach Aug 2015

Sources As Topoi: Making A Place For Information Literacy, Grace Veach

Grace Veach

See presentation description.


A Dyadic And Longitudinal Investigation Of Adjustment In Couples Coping With Multiple Sclerosis. Research In Developmental Disabilities, Christina Samios, Kenneth Pakenham, Jill O'Brien Aug 2015

A Dyadic And Longitudinal Investigation Of Adjustment In Couples Coping With Multiple Sclerosis. Research In Developmental Disabilities, Christina Samios, Kenneth Pakenham, Jill O'Brien

Christina Samios

Background Multiple sclerosis (MS) can affect adjustment at both the individual and couple level. Purpose This study examined differences and associations between MS patient and spouse adjustment, and whether one partner’s adjustment predicts the other partner’s adjustment over time. Methods A total of 160 couples at Time 1 and 98 couples at Time 2 completed questionnaires. Results Mixed-model ANOVAs found that patients reported poorer adjustment than their spouse on a range of adjustment indicators and that positive affect and relationship satisfaction declined over time for both patients and spouses. Intraclass correlations found that patient and spouse scores on ...


A Living Tradition, Rowan Cahill Jul 2015

A Living Tradition, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Discussion of the seminal work by R. W. Connell and T. H. Irving 'Class Structure in Australian History' (Longman Cheshire, 1980, 1992), and of the tradition of Marxist and class analysis in Australian intellectual life.


Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, And Psychoticism: Distinctive Influences Of Three Personality Dimensions In Adolescence, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson, Emma Barkus Jul 2015

Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, And Psychoticism: Distinctive Influences Of Three Personality Dimensions In Adolescence, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson, Emma Barkus

joseph Ciarrochi

Researchers have suggested that the psychoticism (P) personality dimension of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire may be largely redundant with the agreeableness (A) and conscientiousness (C) constructs of the five-factor model. Little research has examined the distinctiveness of these constructs. We utilized a multi-wave, multi-method design to examine the ability of C, A, and P to uniquely predict a number of important outcomes amongst high school students. A total of 778 students (391 males, 387 females; mean age 15.41 years.) completed personality measures in Grade 10. Self-reported self-esteem, social support, health-related behaviours, religious values as well as teachers' assessments of ...


Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (Act) For Improving The Lives Of Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Study, Danielle Feros, Lisbeth Lane, Joseph Ciarrochi, John Blackledge Jul 2015

Acceptance And Commitment Therapy (Act) For Improving The Lives Of Cancer Patients: A Preliminary Study, Danielle Feros, Lisbeth Lane, Joseph Ciarrochi, John Blackledge

joseph Ciarrochi

Background This preliminary study examined the effectiveness of an Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) intervention at improving the quality of life among cancer patients. It was hypothesised that over the course of the intervention, patients would report increased psychological flexibility through acceptance of unpleasant thoughts and feelings, and that increased psychological flexibility would lead to improvements in distress, mood, and quality of life. Method Forty-five cancer patients participated in an ACT intervention. Outcome measures included self-reported distress, mood disturbance, psychological flexibility, and quality of life. Data were collected at pre, mid, and post-intervention and at 3-month follow-up. Results The data ...


Identifying And Describing Feelings And Psychological Flexibility Predict Mental Health In Men With Hiv, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, R Hillman Jul 2015

Identifying And Describing Feelings And Psychological Flexibility Predict Mental Health In Men With Hiv, Jodie Landstra, Joseph Ciarrochi, Frank Deane, R Hillman

joseph Ciarrochi

Early detection screening programmes have been well established for a variety of cancer types. More recently, anal cytological screening for anal cancer has been recommended (New York State Department of Public Health AIDS Institute, 2007). Population rates of anal cancer are 1.6 per 100,000 (Darragh & Winkler, 2011). However, men who have sex with men (MSM) and are HIV infected have considerably higher rates, estimated at between 42 and 137 per 100,000 (Darragh & Winkler, 2011). The psychological impact of cancer screening has been demonstrated in many different programmes and typically includes increased anxiety, reduced quality of life (QOL) and increased health vigilance (Brett, Bankhead, Henderson, Watson, & Austoker, 2005; Gray et al., 2006; McNaughton-Collins et al., 2004). Strategies for reducing these effects involve clear communication in written and verbal forms about the procedures and results (Wilkinson, Jones, & McBride, 1990; Wilson & Hines, 2000). Another way to reduce the negative effects of screening may be to develop an individual's strengths (e.g., ability to identify and describe feelings and psychological flexibility [PF]) to enhance their coping ability. There are numerous theories that have the potential to explain how an individual copes with health threat. Our study focuses on the two individual characteristics: the difficulty in identifying and describing feelings (DIDF; Bagby, Parker, & Taylor, 1994) and PF. Difficulties in identifying and describing feelings are major components of alexithymia (Bagby et al., 1994). Psychological flexibility is 'the ability to contact the present moment more fully as a conscious human being, and to change or persist in behavior when doing so serves valued ends' (Hayes, Luoma, Bond, Masuda, & Lillis, 2006). Both DIDF and PF have been shown to explain differences in psychological functioning (Berrocal, Pennato, & Bernini, 2009; Gloster, Klotsche, Chaker, Hummel, & Hoyer, 2011), physical well-being (McCracken & Zhao-O'Brien, 2010; Saharinen et al., 2008) and QOL outcomes (Hayes et al., 2006; Modestin, Furrer, & Malti, 2004).


Personality Predictors Of Peer-Rated Adjustment And Likeability: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi Jul 2015

Personality Predictors Of Peer-Rated Adjustment And Likeability: A Three-Year Longitudinal Study, Patrick Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi

joseph Ciarrochi

We hypothesized that girls would be more responsive than boys to opposite sex characteristics that indicated the likelihood of worldly success (i.e., academic ability) and pro-social behaviour (i.e., Conscientiousness (C), Agreeableness (A), and low Psychoticism (P)). Students (381 boys; 389 girls) completed individual difference measures in their first year of high school (Grade 7; Mean age 12.28) and then at approximate twelve month intervals for the next three years. Peer-rated adjustment and likeability ratings were obtained in Grades 9 and 10. Results indicated that the extent a girl viewed a boy as adjusted was influenced by that ...


Reflection Impulsivity In Adolescent Cannabis Users, K Jones, N Solowij, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel Jul 2015

Reflection Impulsivity In Adolescent Cannabis Users, K Jones, N Solowij, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel

joseph Ciarrochi

Abstract of a conference paper presented at the 2010 summer meeting of the British Association for Psychopharmacology.


Verbal Learning And Memory In Adolescent Cannabis And Alcohol Users, N Solowij, K Jones, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel Jul 2015

Verbal Learning And Memory In Adolescent Cannabis And Alcohol Users, N Solowij, K Jones, M Rozman, S Davis, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven, Daniel Lubman, M Yucel

joseph Ciarrochi

Abstract of a conference paper presented at the 2010 summer meeting of the British Association for Psychopharmacology.


The Longitudinal Relationships Between Adolescent Religious Values And Personality, Lee Huuskes, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven Jul 2015

The Longitudinal Relationships Between Adolescent Religious Values And Personality, Lee Huuskes, Joseph Ciarrochi, Patrick Heaven

joseph Ciarrochi

This research examined the longitudinal relationships between personality and religious values. High school students in Grades 10 (381 males, 384 females; mean age = 15.40 yrs) and Grade 12 (195 males, 215 females; mean age = 17.02 yrs) completed personality and religious measures as part of the Wollongong Youth Study. Structural equation modelling (SEM) indicated that religious values at Time 1 predicted an increase in Agreeableness and a decrease in Psychoticism at Time 2. These effects were confirmed to be independent of each other when the SEMs included both Agreeableness and Psychoticism. Results are discussed with reference to the implications ...


The Foundations Of Flourishing, Joseph Ciarrochi, Todd Kashdan, Russ Harris Jul 2015

The Foundations Of Flourishing, Joseph Ciarrochi, Todd Kashdan, Russ Harris

joseph Ciarrochi

Are humans innately good and compassionate (Rousseau, 1783/1979) or are they nasty and brutish (Hobbes, 1651/2009). This question has troubled philosophers for centuries, and when we look at the history of humankind, there is no simple answer. You can find great acts of love and kindness in our past, but also intense hatred and cruelty. We had the renaissance, but we also had the dark ages. We invented penicillin but we also invented nerve gas. We built churches, cathedrals, and hospitals, but we also built atom bombs and concentration camps. For every historical figure who has struggled for ...


A Comparison Of Two Coaching Approaches To Enhance Implementation Of A Recovery-Oriented Service Model, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Trevor Crowe, Lindsay Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi, Virginia Williams Jul 2015

A Comparison Of Two Coaching Approaches To Enhance Implementation Of A Recovery-Oriented Service Model, Frank Deane, Retta Andresen, Trevor Crowe, Lindsay Oades, Joseph Ciarrochi, Virginia Williams

joseph Ciarrochi

Moving to recovery-oriented service provision in mental health may entail retraining existing staff, as well as training new staff. This represents a substantial burden on organisations, particularly since transfer of training into practice is often poor. Follow-up supervision and/or coaching have been found to improve the implementation and sustainment of new approaches. We compared the effect of two coaching conditions, skills-based and transformational coaching, on the implementation of a recovery-oriented model following training. Training followed by coaching led to significant sustained improvements in the quality of care planning in accordance with the new model over the 12-month study period ...