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Life Sciences

2001

Articles 1 - 4 of 4

Full-Text Articles in Education

Association Between Dietary Factors And Calcium Oxalate And Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate Urolithiasis In Cats, C Lekcharoensuk, C Osborne, J Lulich, R Pusoonthornthum, Claudia Kirk, L Ulrich, L Koehler, K Carpenter, L Swanson Oct 2001

Association Between Dietary Factors And Calcium Oxalate And Magnesium Ammonium Phosphate Urolithiasis In Cats, C Lekcharoensuk, C Osborne, J Lulich, R Pusoonthornthum, Claudia Kirk, L Ulrich, L Koehler, K Carpenter, L Swanson

Claudia A Kirk

OBJECTIVE: To identify dietary factors associated with the increase in occurrence of calcium oxalate (CaOx) uroliths and the decrease in occurrence of magnesium ammonium phosphate (MAP) uroliths in cats. DESIGN: Case-control study. ANIMALS: 173 cats with CaOx uroliths, 290 cats with MAP uroliths, and 827 cats without any urinary tract diseases. PROCEDURE: Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed. RESULTS: Cats fed diets low in sodium or potassium or formulated to maximize urine acidity had an increased risk of developing CaOx uroliths but a decreased risk of developing MAP uroliths. Additionally, compared with the lowest contents, diets with the highest ...


Effects Of Hydrochlorothiazide And Diet In Dogs With Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis, J Lulich, C Osborne, C Lekcharoensuk, Claudia Kirk, T Allen May 2001

Effects Of Hydrochlorothiazide And Diet In Dogs With Calcium Oxalate Urolithiasis, J Lulich, C Osborne, C Lekcharoensuk, Claudia Kirk, T Allen

Claudia A Kirk

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) reduces urinary calcium excretion in dogs with calcium oxalate urolithiasis. DESIGN: Original study. ANIMALS: 8 dogs with calcium oxalate urolithiasis. PROCEDURE: 4 treatment protocols were evaluated in each dog (a low calcium, low protein diet designed to prevent calcium oxalate urolith formation with and without administration of HCTZ [2 mg/kg (0.9 mg/lb) of body weight, PO, q 12 h] and a maintenance diet with higher quantities of protein and calcium with and without administration of HCTZ). At the end of each 2-week treatment period, 24-hour urine samples were collected. Blood samples ...


Oral Chromium Picolinate And Control Of Glycemia In Insulin-Treated Diabetic Dogs, Claudia Kirk, S Schachter, R Nelson Dec 2000

Oral Chromium Picolinate And Control Of Glycemia In Insulin-Treated Diabetic Dogs, Claudia Kirk, S Schachter, R Nelson

Claudia A Kirk

Chromium is an essential dietary trace mineral involved in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Chromium is required for cellular uptake of glucose, and chromium deficiency causes insulin resistance. Chromium supplementation may improve insulin sensitivity and has been used as adjunct treatment of diabetes mellitus in humans. In this study, 13 dogs with naturally acquired diabetes mellitus were treated with insulin for 3 months, then with insulin and chromium picolinate for 3 months. Dogs weighing <15 kg (33 lb: n = 9) were administered 200 microg of chromium picolinate PO once daily for I month, then 200 microg of chromium picolinate twice daily for 2 months. Dogs weighing >15 kg (n = 4) received 200 microg of chromium picolinate once daily for 2 weeks, then 200 microg twice daily for 2 weeks, then 400 microg twice ...


The Immune Response To Resistance Exercise., Shawn Simonson Dec 2000

The Immune Response To Resistance Exercise., Shawn Simonson

Shawn R. Simonson

No abstract provided.