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1999

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Now We Go To Their School: Desegregation And Its Contemporary Legacy, Abe Feuerstein, Sue Ellen Henry Jun 2012

Now We Go To Their School: Desegregation And Its Contemporary Legacy, Abe Feuerstein, Sue Ellen Henry

Sue Ellen Henry

This article explores one southern community's response to the 1954 Brown decision and its subsequent history of dealing with school desegregation. This local perspective is developed using historical data focusing on events immediately following the Brown decision, which provide a contextfor events leading up to a decision in the inid-1980s to consolidate the community's middle school students to reduce perceptions of inequality based on race. This consolidated school is the focus of the second half of the article, which analyzes the current status of desegregation in the school. Although the school has been desegregated, it is far from ...


Generic Interests And School Subject Choice, Gerald Elsworth, Adrian Beavis, John Ainley, Sergio Fabris Aug 2009

Generic Interests And School Subject Choice, Gerald Elsworth, Adrian Beavis, John Ainley, Sergio Fabris

Dr John Ainley

While empirical research on school subject preferences and choices has a long history, 'interest' has infrequently been invoked as an explanatory construct. Three levels on which interest is conceptualised in educational research are identified. The most general derives from vocational psychology and may be characterised by the themes of Holland's RIASEC typology. The results of five recent Australian studies in which interests were related to school subject preferences and choices are reviewed, and a series of multi- level models of data from the most recent are presented. The models offer a coherent summary of interest - school subject choice relations ...


The Influence Of School Factors, John Ainley, Phil Mckenzie Jul 2009

The Influence Of School Factors, John Ainley, Phil Mckenzie

Dr John Ainley

No abstract provided.


Factors Influencing Assigned Student Achievement Levels Ii : Mathematics, The Arts And Health And Physical Education., Sheldon Rothman Nov 1999

Factors Influencing Assigned Student Achievement Levels Ii : Mathematics, The Arts And Health And Physical Education., Sheldon Rothman

Dr Sheldon Rothman

In 1997 the South Australian Department of Education, Training and Employment collected student achievement data on a sample of students in Years 1-8 in English, Science, Studies of Society and Environment, and Technology, four of the eight national curriculum profiles learning areas. Summaries were reported to teachers in Xpress, the Department's fortnightly newspaper, and at the 1998 Australian Association for Research in Education conference Factors Influencing Assigned Student Achievement Levels. In 1998 the Department completed the collection of profiles data, with information on student achievement in Mathematics, the Arts, Health and Physical Education, and Languages Other Than English. Using ...


Non-Attendance And Student Background Factors., Sheldon Rothman Nov 1999

Non-Attendance And Student Background Factors., Sheldon Rothman

Dr Sheldon Rothman

Regular attendance at school is important for students to achieve social and academic outcomes of schooling. The monitoring of student attendance is seen as a school function, with state education departments collecting only summary school attendance data. Recent developments in information management systems have allowed education departments to collect student level attendance data from schools, offering opportunities for administrators to improve their understanding of the nature of student non- attendance, and providing schools with benchmarks for attendance. In 1997, the South Australian Department of Education, Training and Employment commenced an annual collection of student level non-attendance records for Term 2 ...


A Multilevel Model Of Student Non-Attendance., Sheldon Rothman Nov 1999

A Multilevel Model Of Student Non-Attendance., Sheldon Rothman

Dr Sheldon Rothman

Regular attendance at school is important for students to achieve social and academic outcomes of schooling. Individual school attendance practices vary, which may result in differential student outcomes. The development of multilevel models has allowed researchers to examine relationships between student level and school level variables, and to determine whether the variation in attendance patterns is associated with school level practices. In 1997 and 1998, the South Australian Department of Education, Training and Employment collected student level non-attendance records for Term 2 of each year from 60 percent of schools, accounting for more than 62 percent of students in Reception ...


Longitudinal Surveys Of Young People: What Can They Provide, And How Do Australia's Data Compare With Other International Studies?, Phil Mckenzie Nov 1999

Longitudinal Surveys Of Young People: What Can They Provide, And How Do Australia's Data Compare With Other International Studies?, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

This paper discusses the distinctive nature of longitudinal data and the types of policy and research questions they can address. The paper provides an overview of the Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth (LSAY) program, and how it compares with longitudinal surveys in other OECD countries. The LSAY program, which is operated by ACER with support from DETYA and all school authorities in Australia, has now accumulated 20 years of data on cohorts of young Australians as they move through education and training and into the labour market. The LSAY surveys probably collect more extensive information on young Australians' educational and ...


New Learners, New Models: Cultivating An Information Literacy Program, Andrée J. Rathemacher, Mary C. Macdonald, Joanna M. Burkhardt Nov 1999

New Learners, New Models: Cultivating An Information Literacy Program, Andrée J. Rathemacher, Mary C. Macdonald, Joanna M. Burkhardt

Andrée J. Rathemacher

Paper presented at the conference Powerful Learning, Powerful Partnerships: Educating the University Community in a Dynamic Information Environment, held at the University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa from November 11-12, 1999.

"In the following pages we discuss the origins of our plan for developing an information literacy program at the University of Rhode Island; review our current program of library instruction; provide a background of how we arrived at what we want to change and accomplish; outline the components of our Draft Plan for Information Literacy at the University of Rhode Island, and discuss the development and content of the ...


Multiple-Choice Versus Short-Response Items: Differences In Omit Behaviour, Gabrielle Matters, Paul Burnett Jul 1999

Multiple-Choice Versus Short-Response Items: Differences In Omit Behaviour, Gabrielle Matters, Paul Burnett

Dr Gabrielle Matters

The overall rate of omission of items for 28,331 17 year old Australian students on a high stakes test of achievement in the common elements or cognitive skills of the senior school curriculum is reported for a subtest in multiple choice format and a subtest in short response format. For the former, the omit rates were minuscule and there was no significant difference by gender or by type of school attended. For the latter, where an item can be 'worth' up to five times that of a single multiple choice item, the omit rates were between 10 and 20 ...


The Application Of Computer Technology In The Teaching Of Junior High School Geometry, Katherine Dix Jul 1999

The Application Of Computer Technology In The Teaching Of Junior High School Geometry, Katherine Dix

Dr Katherine Dix

This paper briefly describes the path along which current geometry curriculum has come and provides insight into the direction that it may be heading. Software has the potential to take student and teacher out of the world of pen and paper deduction into the universe of interactive investigation. By posing, investigating and extending problem situations, an environment can be established in which students and teachers can recognise the power and usefulness of mathematics.


School Achievement And Labour Market Outcomes, John Ainley, Gary Marks Jun 1999

School Achievement And Labour Market Outcomes, John Ainley, Gary Marks

Dr John Ainley

This paper reports on analyses of the influence of various factors, including school achievement and attainment, on the employment and earnings of young adults. It uses longitudinal data from four cohorts of young people who were followed from school into their twenties over the 1980s and 1990s


Enhanced Mathematics Learning: Does Technology Make A Difference?, Katherine Dix Jun 1999

Enhanced Mathematics Learning: Does Technology Make A Difference?, Katherine Dix

Dr Katherine Dix

This paper investigates the effectiveness of technology- based instruction in secondary mathematics, by comparing students' achievements resulting from technology-rich assignments with those achievement resulting from equivalent assignments presented in traditional format. In addition, the development of the technology- rich assignments, from traditional paper- based instruction and within existing curricula, provides an example of the relative ease of integrating technology into the curriculum. Within the context of mathematics, issues of attitude towards computers, motivation and gender differences are examined.


How To Stimulate Investment By Individuals And Enterprises In Lifelong Learning, Phil Mckenzie Apr 1999

How To Stimulate Investment By Individuals And Enterprises In Lifelong Learning, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

The issue of 'lifelong' learning has become an important issue in educational policy in state and national levels. At the international level, lifelong learning has been adopted as a key issue of the European Union and the OECD and UNESCO. This paper focuses on one key of the policy agenda: how to pay for lifelong learning. The paper opens with a discussion of the concept of lifelong learning, the costs associated with lifelong learning and how individuals and organisations can be stimulated by government initiatives to invest in lifelong learning.


What Works? Researching Language And Literacy Learning, Geoff Masters Mar 1999

What Works? Researching Language And Literacy Learning, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

This article reflects on the purpose and objectives of educational research. The author argues that the purpose of educational research is to find ways to improve student learning, and that research that does not have this as its ultimate motivation and objective is not educational research. The author also discusses the importance of research syntheses, the value of sharpening the focus of research and that better communication of research results to practitioners should be considered.


What Differences Does A Research Centre Make?, Phil Mckenzie Jan 1999

What Differences Does A Research Centre Make?, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

Have key research centres brought about a significant change in the quality, quantity and impact of vocational education and training research in their particular fields? This article offers a personal response to this question through the authors experience with the Monash University-ACER Centre for the Economics of Education and Training (CEET). It reflects on the ways in which the organisation's structure as a research centre enables a different way of doing vocational education and training research than individual researchers loosely linked together and on the processes of concentration and focus which lead to research of higher quality and greater ...


Research On The Economics Of Vet: The Ceet Research Programs, Phil Mckenzie Jan 1999

Research On The Economics Of Vet: The Ceet Research Programs, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

The paper outlines the broad framework and key themes of the 1999 research program of the Australian National Training Authority funded Monash University-ACER Centre for the Economics of Education and Training. Key research and policy issues concerning the economics of vocational education and training are identified and their implications discussed.


Now We Go To Their School: Desegregation And Its Contemporary Legacy, Abe Feuerstein, Sue Ellen Henry Dec 1998

Now We Go To Their School: Desegregation And Its Contemporary Legacy, Abe Feuerstein, Sue Ellen Henry

Abe Feuerstein

This article explores one southern community's response to the 1954 Brown decision and its subsequent history of dealing with school desegregation. This local perspective is developed using historical data focusing on events immediately following the Brown decision, which provide a contextfor events leading up to a decision in the inid-1980s to consolidate the community's middle school students to reduce perceptions of inequality based on race. This consolidated school is the focus of the second half of the article, which analyzes the current status of desegregation in the school. Although the school has been desegregated, it is far from ...


Student Participation In Mathematics Courses In Australian Secondary Schools, John Ainley, Peter Daly Dec 1998

Student Participation In Mathematics Courses In Australian Secondary Schools, John Ainley, Peter Daly

Dr John Ainley

Participation in advanced levels of mathematics in secondary school is ofinterest to those involved in educational policy and practice as well as those involved in research. This paper uses multilevel analyses (including a trichotomous outcome variable) of longitudinal data from a nationally representative sample of Australian schools to investigate the influence of a number of factors on participation in mathematics (advanced, general, or none) in the final year of secondary school. The results suggest that the major influences on mathematics participation are gender and prior mathematics achievement. Both influences are substantial and independent of each other. Building a strong foundation ...


Assessment And Reporting Of Student Achievement For Students With Specific Educational Needs Against Literacy And Numeracy Benchmarks, S Zammit, Marion Meiers, T Frigo Dec 1998

Assessment And Reporting Of Student Achievement For Students With Specific Educational Needs Against Literacy And Numeracy Benchmarks, S Zammit, Marion Meiers, T Frigo

Marion Meiers

This report provides key information on assessment and reporting of literacy and numeracy achievement. The study indicates the critical issues for stakeholders in relation to the assessment and reporting of performance outcomes of students with specific educational needs against literacy and numeracy benchmarks. It underlines the importance of accurately assessing and reporting the performance of students with special needs so that their specific needs are not overlooked.


Can We Tell The Difference And Does It Matter? Differences In Achievement Between Girls And Boys In Australian Senior Secondary Education, Gabrielle Matters, Reg Allen, Ken Gray Dec 1998

Can We Tell The Difference And Does It Matter? Differences In Achievement Between Girls And Boys In Australian Senior Secondary Education, Gabrielle Matters, Reg Allen, Ken Gray

Dr Gabrielle Matters

The nature and interpretation of differences between the achievements of females and males in senior secondary school studies in Australia, and the implications for policy and practice of these perceived differences, are showing signs of change. The way-s in which these issues are discussed publicly across Australia are reviewed and then matched against indications that have emerged from data in one state (Queensland) and from other, published studies. This analysis suggests that there are important notions of gendered achievement that may not be receiving due consideration by those who formulate policy or analyse practice.


Perspectives Of The Social And Emotional Development Of Youth With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, John Rausch, Rhonda Van Meter Dec 1998

Perspectives Of The Social And Emotional Development Of Youth With Emotional And Behavioral Disorders, John Rausch, Rhonda Van Meter

John L. Rausch

Examines the decisionmaking of children with emotional and behavioral disorders. These youths' socially dysfunctional boundaries and thwarted border crossings are revealed semiotically.


Teacher Technology Competencies: Early Indicators And Benchmarks. Presentation, Jennifer Borse, Marion Mitchell, Julie Moore, Randy Knuth Dec 1998

Teacher Technology Competencies: Early Indicators And Benchmarks. Presentation, Jennifer Borse, Marion Mitchell, Julie Moore, Randy Knuth

Julie A. Moore

Two recent trends in education — increased technology and accountability — are driving recent efforts to define technology competencies and standards for teachers. The very first lists of competencies from these efforts are just now being completed. While some of these competencies are being linked to teacher certification and re-certification, others are developed as standards or benchmarks to guide professional development. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare initial attempts at establishing teacher technology competencies with the intent of establishing a framework or matrix that could be used to compare other, similar documents. Teacher technology competencies from a variety ...


Teacher Technology Competencies: Early Indicators And Benchmarks, Jennifer Borse, Marlon Mitchell, Julie Moore, Randy Knuth Dec 1998

Teacher Technology Competencies: Early Indicators And Benchmarks, Jennifer Borse, Marlon Mitchell, Julie Moore, Randy Knuth

Julie A. Moore

Two recent trends in education — increased technology and accountability — are driving recent efforts to define technology competencies and standards for teachers. The very first lists of competencies from these efforts are just now being completed. While some of these competencies are being linked to teacher certification and re-certification, others are developed as standards or benchmarks to guide professional development. The purpose of this study was to examine and compare initial attempts at establishing teacher technology competencies with the intent of establishing a framework or matrix that could be used to compare other, similar documents. Teacher technology competencies from a variety ...


Moon Haiku, James Armstrong Dec 1998

Moon Haiku, James Armstrong

James Armstrong

No abstract provided.


Persistence Among Adult Basic Education Students In Pre-Ged Classes, John Comings, Andrea Parella, Lisa Soricone Dec 1998

Persistence Among Adult Basic Education Students In Pre-Ged Classes, John Comings, Andrea Parella, Lisa Soricone

John P. Comings

The first phase of a persistence study used research as a tool to develop advice for practitioners on how to help adults persist in their studies. The study team defined persistence as adults who stay in programs for as long as they can, engage in self-directed study when they must drop out of their programs, and return to programs as soon as the demands of their lives allow. The team read previous studies and related literature, talked with practitioners about how they have tried to help adult students persist longer in their studies, and interviewed 150 pre-General Educational Development program ...


Empowering Classroom Teachers For The 21st Century: Meeting The Challenge Of Advancing Children's Mathematical Development, Catherine Pearn Dec 1998

Empowering Classroom Teachers For The 21st Century: Meeting The Challenge Of Advancing Children's Mathematical Development, Catherine Pearn

Catherine Pearn

In this paper, the specific concerns for literacy and numeracy as we enter a new era are addressed through a discussion of an innovative mathematics early intervention program, which the author and classroom teachers have developed and applied. 'Mathematics Intervention' is an innovative program developed by three classroom teachers to identify, then assist, children in year 1 'at risk' of not coping with the current mathematics curriculum. The program incorporates assessment tools and learning activities based on recent research about children's early numerical learning. It develops the basic concepts of number upon which children build their understanding of mathematics ...


The Importance Of Efficient Strategies In Developing Numeracy In The Early Years, Catherine Pearn Dec 1998

The Importance Of Efficient Strategies In Developing Numeracy In The Early Years, Catherine Pearn

Catherine Pearn

A mathematics intervention program has been established at Elm Primary School for children at risk of not succeeding with Grade 1 mathematics. The program is based on current research that shows that children become numerate by progressing through five counting stages. The development and results of clinical interviews used for testing are discussed along with strategies that have been used to assist children overcome common difficulties identified by the testing. The importance for classroom teachers to be able to identify each child's strategies and thus their counting stage is stressed as a starting point for numeracy teaching in early ...


America Reads Challenge, Catherine Rosemary, L. Lindemann Dec 1998

America Reads Challenge, Catherine Rosemary, L. Lindemann

Catherine A. Rosemary

No abstract provided.


By Whom And How Is Service-Learning Implemented In Middle-Level Schools Involved In Documenting School Improvement: A Quantitative Study Of Opportunity-To-Learn Conditions And Practices, Anne Seitsinger Dec 1998

By Whom And How Is Service-Learning Implemented In Middle-Level Schools Involved In Documenting School Improvement: A Quantitative Study Of Opportunity-To-Learn Conditions And Practices, Anne Seitsinger

Anne M. Seitsinger

National educational standards call for an increased focus on meaningful teaching and learning that is developmentally appropriate and helps all students reach levels of proficiency not only in basic skills but in higher order thinking skills and real-world application of skills. Among the recommendations for including real-world experiences in the community into students' education is service-learning. Service-learning uses community service experiences as an integral element of the teaching and learning process. The paucity of research and mixed findings on academic outcomes from K-12 service-learning led to an examination of the opportunity-to-learn conditions and practices in 271 middle-level schools in 16 ...


Beginning Teacher Standards: Impact On Second-Language Learners And Implications For Teacher Preparation, Ronald Solórzano, Daniel Solórzano Dec 1998

Beginning Teacher Standards: Impact On Second-Language Learners And Implications For Teacher Preparation, Ronald Solórzano, Daniel Solórzano

Ronald Solórzano

Discusses preservice and inservice beginning-teacher preparation, identifying areas of teaching that challenge the cultural deficit model by examining the role of teaching standards in addressing second-language learners' needs. Describes demographic changes within the classroom; reviews literature on effective teaching practices; and identifies a teaching-standards framework that could benefit beginning teachers of second-language learners.