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Full-Text Articles in Education

Degree Attainment Of Low-Socioeconomic Status Students: Structural Equation Modeling Test Of An Elaborated Theory Of Socialization , Kevin Patrick Saunders Jan 2004

Degree Attainment Of Low-Socioeconomic Status Students: Structural Equation Modeling Test Of An Elaborated Theory Of Socialization , Kevin Patrick Saunders

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this inquiry was to develop an understanding of how socialization, economic, and interactionalist factors affect baccalaureate degree attainment of low-socioeconomic status (SES) students. The data were drawn from the 1996 Beginning Postsecondary Students (BPS) Longitudinal Study, which is sponsored by the National Center for Education Statistics, and represented students who began postsecondary studies during the 1995--96 academic year at any postsecondary institution. A subset of low-SES students (n = 437) was selected from the 8,934 respondents to the three rounds of the longitudinal study. The low-SES students were selected based upon their classification as moderately or ...


Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson Jan 2004

Mid-Career Faculty Involvement In Learning Communities: An Exploration Of Outcomes And Vitality , Shari L. Ellertson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In the last decade, research universities have been called upon to reform undergraduate education (Boyer Commission, 1998). Faculty members are key participants in undergraduate education improvement efforts, such as learning communities. Although it has been suggested that learning communities have far-reaching potential for influencing faculty renewal and development, relatively little is known about their impact on participating faculty. This study examined mid-career faculty members' involvement in learning communities to discover outcomes of their participation and to explore the degree to which the construct of vitality can appropriately describe and illuminate their experiences in learning communities. The theoretical framework and methodology ...


A Constructivist Approach To Integrating Science, Technology, And Engineering Into Preservice Teacher Education , Melinda Ann Gallagher Jan 2004

A Constructivist Approach To Integrating Science, Technology, And Engineering Into Preservice Teacher Education , Melinda Ann Gallagher

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study examined a cohort of preservice teachers who participated in an innovative engineering course as a major component of their teacher preparation program. This course, used engineering as a context to teach science and technology concepts. The purpose of this case study was to describe the experiences and reactions of a cohort of preservice teachers enrolled in this engineering course. In addition, this study sought to gain a deeper understanding of how preservice teachers described and reported learning in this constructivist based engineering course. Data sources from this study included: classroom observations and interactions, field observations and notes ...


An Alumni Benchmark Analysis Of The Master Of Agriculture Program In Professional Agriculture At Iowa State University (1979-2004) , Mohamed Mamdouh Yacoub Jan 2004

An Alumni Benchmark Analysis Of The Master Of Agriculture Program In Professional Agriculture At Iowa State University (1979-2004) , Mohamed Mamdouh Yacoub

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study assessed students' perceptions about the Master of Agriculture in professional agriculture (ProAg) program that is offered off-campus. It also provides information regarding the number of graduate students who enrolled in this program and are now working in agriculture related occupations. Alumni of the program provided feedback regarding the content of the ProAg program in agriculture. It serves as an analysis tool for assessing the effectiveness of the ProAg program in the College of Agriculture at Iowa State University. The College of Agriculture could use the data and information collected from this study for future program planning as well ...


Incorporating Tqm And Cqi Techniques Into Evaluation Tools For The Electrical And Computer Engineering Learning Communities , Richard Wayne Freeman Jan 2004

Incorporating Tqm And Cqi Techniques Into Evaluation Tools For The Electrical And Computer Engineering Learning Communities , Richard Wayne Freeman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Assessment is becoming a key component of Engineering Colleges and Departments. As more institutions prepare for either their first, or second, ABET accreditation under the EC2000 Criterion, that criterion becomes entrenched, and the need for assessing programs increases. The EC2000 Criterion was developed to move Engineering Programs in directions outlined by education reformers, industry and government. Within institutions, the idea of and need for assessment is growing;Assessment is not the only trend at institutions. Many Colleges and Universities are introducing learning communities as a means to retain students, and create academic clusters within departments. How departments implement learning communities ...


Understanding The Outdoor Play Environment For Preschool Children In Child Care: Should We Just Let 'Em Go? , Kelly Ross Kantz Jan 2004

Understanding The Outdoor Play Environment For Preschool Children In Child Care: Should We Just Let 'Em Go? , Kelly Ross Kantz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to understand the outdoor play environment provided for preschool children in an inclusive early care and education center. This qualitative examination sought to determine what children and teachers do when they are outside and how the indoor and outdoor curricula are integrated. Supports and barriers for a quality outdoor play environment were identified. In addition, opportunities for development of self-determination in the outdoor environment were studied. This research sought to determine the opportunities children are provided to make choices, practice overcoming challenges, and develop friendships during outdoor play and learning.;The importance of an ...


The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy Jan 2004

The Magic Bullet: The Effective Administrator's Roles During The Implementation Of Technology In K-12 Education , Dennis Wayne Mcelroy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The importance of the school administrator to the success of educational technology initiatives is well documented in the literature. During the last twenty years numerous recommendations have been released concerning the roles a school administrator should fill to increase the success rate of a technology initiative. These culminated with the publication of the National Educational Technology Standards for Administrators (NETS-A) by the International Society for Technology in Education in 2001. This case study describes the actual roles and actions taken by an exemplary school administrator during the technology implementation process, provides a comparison to literature and the NETS-A, and discusses ...


Parenting And Child Care In Rural Environments , Delora Jespersen Hade Jan 2004

Parenting And Child Care In Rural Environments , Delora Jespersen Hade

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify parental beliefs, attitudes and values, parental perceptions of ideal child care, and decisions parents make about child care as described by rural, low-income parents in central Iowa. Data were gathered using information from three focus group interviews involving ten Early Head Start families. Parents were asked to describe their parenting beliefs and identify ideal child care and how they make decisions about child care. Focus group transcriptions were used to complete content analysis. The results were fitted to an ecological model describing levels and themes of influence these rural, low-income parents experienced ...


Sustainable Faculty Development: Issues In Technology For Teacher Education , Hsueh-Hua Chuang Jan 2004

Sustainable Faculty Development: Issues In Technology For Teacher Education , Hsueh-Hua Chuang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation centers around research and development on faculty preparation for integration of technology for teacher education. Chapter 1 is the general introduction in which the background and the significance of the research topics are addressed. Chapter 2, Chapter 3, and Chapter 4 consist of three published or publishable papers. Chapter 5 is the general conclusion. Chapter 2 summarizes the literature related to one-on-one technology mentoring programs in higher education and K--12 institutions nation wide, and identifies themes contributing to a successful mentoring program. Chapter 3 describes the pedagogical shift of an exemplary technology-using teacher educator through her eight-year journey ...


Longitudinal Relations Of Maternal Supportiveness And Child Task-Approach Behavior To Early Cognitive Development Of Children With Developmental Risks , Hyun-Joo Jeon Jan 2004

Longitudinal Relations Of Maternal Supportiveness And Child Task-Approach Behavior To Early Cognitive Development Of Children With Developmental Risks , Hyun-Joo Jeon

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of study was to investigate the longitudinal relations among maternal supportiveness, child task-approach behavior, and cognitive development for children with developmental risks. The participants (N = 400) in this study were a subset of the National Early Head Start Research and Evaluation Project. The current study used structural equation modeling analyses including growth-curve models.;Findings are that maternal supportiveness was moderately stable from the time the children were 14 to 36 months of age, but stability of child task-approach behavior was weak between 14 and 24 months of age. Child task-approach behavior became stronger as children grew older. Earlier ...


The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson Jan 2004

The Dance Of Sustaining Technology Innovations In Teacher Education: Case Of An Award-Winning Program , Natalie Ann-Marie Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This case study investigated the strategies, challenges, and leadership requirements for sustaining technology innovations in Iowa State University's (ISU's) teacher education program (TEP). In 1999, ISU's TEP was granted 1.4 million dollars to renew pedagogy and practice in teacher education with technology. A qualitative case study approach was used to describe and analyze the process of sustaining technology innovations in teacher education. Activity Theory Framework (ATF) and Rogers Diffusion of Innovation Theory (R'DIT) were complementary theoretical lenses used to analyze this case study. Thirteen participants from five constituencies supporting teacher education were interviewed. Interview data ...


Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf Jan 2004

Investing In Student Persistence: A Regression Analysis Of Institutional Expenditure Patterns And Retention And Graduation Rates At Private Baccalaureate Colleges And Universities , Ann Marie Gansemer-Topf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Pressured by internal and external institutional stakeholders, institutions of higher education increasingly are challenged to demonstrate efficiency and productivity. One approach to illustrate productivity and efficiency is to examine how resources are allocated within the institution and the extent to which allocated resources meet institutional goals such as high first-year retention and 6-year graduation rates. Focusing on private Baccalaureate Liberal and General colleges and universities, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between institutional expenditures related to instruction, academic support, student services, institutional support, and institutional grants (i.e. student financial aid) and retention and graduation rates ...


Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair Jan 2004

Student Self-Esteem And The Looking-Glass Self: Perceptions Of Emotional Support, Role Models, And Academic Success On A Community College Campus , Robert Lee Mcnair

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey of 261 students at Des Moines Area Community College-Boone Campus was conducted to examine self-esteem in relation to perceptions of role models, emotional support, academic adjustment, and academic success. Symbolic interactionism and the looking-glass self formed the conceptual basis of the research. Factor and Cronbach's alpha analyses tended to confirm internal validity and reliability of the constructs, respectively.;Hypothesis testing revealed some significant (p ≤ .05) relationships. Pearson's product moment correlation linked student self-esteem and social perceptions. Self-esteem was higher when the students: had a support person, saw the support person or role model as similar to ...


Preservice Teachers' Perceptions Of Students With Disabilities, Linda Sue Impecoven-Lind Jan 2004

Preservice Teachers' Perceptions Of Students With Disabilities, Linda Sue Impecoven-Lind

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the perceptions preservice teachers have of students with disabilities from both a quantitative and theoretical level. Specific research goals were to determine whether: (1) preservice teachers in different education majors had different perceptions of students with disabilities; preservice teachers' placement within the teacher education program impacted his/her perceptions of students with disabilities; (2) the number of field experiences taken impacted preservice teachers' perceptions of students with disabilities; (3) which demographic factors were associated with preservice teachers' perceptions of students with disabilities; and what factors impacted participant's current perceptions of students/individuals with disabilities.;Based on ...


Inservice Teachers' Implementation Of The Science Writing Heuristic As A Tool For Professional Growth , Sozan H. Omar Jan 2004

Inservice Teachers' Implementation Of The Science Writing Heuristic As A Tool For Professional Growth , Sozan H. Omar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to the National Science Standards, science educators have been calling for the inclusion of inquiry-based approaches in science classrooms as a reform for science instruction. Teachers' reluctance to implement inquiry-based approaches may be attributed to the different interpretations of the underpinning theory. Any efforts to help teachers implement effective teaching approaches, therefore, should not target merely additive skills; rather, such efforts should foster fundamental changes of beliefs, knowledge, and habits of practice that teachers deeply hold.;This study is a part of a bigger project known as the Science Writing Heuristic (SWH) Partnership Professional Development Project, conducted at Iowa ...


Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of Intensive Field Experiences And Classroom Teacher Mentoring: A Case Study , Pamela Sue Cooper Ewell Jan 2004

Preservice Teacher Perceptions Of Intensive Field Experiences And Classroom Teacher Mentoring: A Case Study , Pamela Sue Cooper Ewell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This qualitative case study examined the experiences of three preservice teachers who enrolled in a teacher preparation program that was conceived and implemented through a collaborative effort between a college, a K--12 school, and a regional education agency. Specifically, this study uncovered the perceptions of the preservice teachers as they were mentored by a classroom teacher throughout the program's three-year extensive field experiences, and the perceptions of mentoring by the classroom teacher. The findings point to the strong benefits of extended and extensive field experiences in K--12 classrooms for preservice teachers. The extended field experiences provided a multi-tiered framework ...


Central American Immigrant Women's Perceptions Of Adult Learning: A Qualitative Inquiry , Ana Guisela Chupina Jan 2004

Central American Immigrant Women's Perceptions Of Adult Learning: A Qualitative Inquiry , Ana Guisela Chupina

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this inquiry was to explore how Central American immigrant women experienced and gave meaning to the phenomenon of adult learning in the Midwestern United States. Data collection followed Seidman's (1998) model for in-depth phenomenological interviewing, which combined interviews informed by the methodologies of life story and phenomenology. Three in-depth interviews were conducted with five Central American immigrant women living in a Midwestern metropolitan area. These interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were crafted into first-person narratives that captured the participants' life stories of learning. The transcripts were also inductively analyzed through a process that ...


Distance Education From The Inside Out: Experiences Grounded In The Real World Contexts Of Participants , Sherry June Washburn Jan 2004

Distance Education From The Inside Out: Experiences Grounded In The Real World Contexts Of Participants , Sherry June Washburn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In order to understand the distance education learning experience of those individual and collective participants (remote site students, origination site students, and faculty), using Bronfenbrenner's human bioecological theory as a base, I sought answers to the question "What impact does a distance learning environment have on both students and faculty?" Methods I used to gather data included small group interviews and individual in-depth interviews with both students and faculty. The data I received was anecdotal, personal experience data from the participants. I analyzed the data using qualitative methods, specifically Tesch's Steps for Developing an Organizing System for Unstructured ...


Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt Jan 2004

Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Hospitality management and dietetics students, employers, and futurists have indicated that leadership skills, abilities, and qualities are important for success. Educators have stressed the importance of developing leadership skills and behaviors in students. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to assess self-reported leadership behaviors and practices of hospitality management and dietetics undergraduate students.;Leadership questionnaires, including the Student Leadership Practices Inventory developed by Posner and Brodsky, were mailed to program directors at eight universities. A total of 345 hospitality management students' questionnaires and 283 dietetics students' questionnaires were returned and analyzed. Four focus groups were conducted with hospitality management ...


Faculty Development To Help Preservice Educators Model The Integration Of Technology In The Classroom: Perspectives From An Action Research Case Study , Ronald Alan Ellis Jan 2004

Faculty Development To Help Preservice Educators Model The Integration Of Technology In The Classroom: Perspectives From An Action Research Case Study , Ronald Alan Ellis

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This action research case study focuses on faculty development and finding better ways to educate the faculty in modeling technology in their classroom and in their curriculum. Three School of Education faculty members and the Director of Instructional Technology Services at a small, Midwestern, liberal-arts university teamed together using participatory action research to study their practice with hopes of coming to an understanding of ways to remove some barriers to technology literacy and pedagogical issues. Three articles suitable for publication make up the body of the study. Article one is a review of literature in the field of faculty development ...


Residential Learning Community Peer Mentors: A Qualitative Study Of Role Construction/Enactment And Learning Outcomes , Maryanne Benjamin Jan 2004

Residential Learning Community Peer Mentors: A Qualitative Study Of Role Construction/Enactment And Learning Outcomes , Maryanne Benjamin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored residential learning community peer mentor role construction/enactment and the learning outcomes that resulted from their participation in this role. Nineteen residential learning community peer mentors participated in focus groups and discussed their experiences as peer mentors. Three categories of mentors were explored: solo mentors (mentors in programs with only one live-in mentor), paired mentors (mentors in programs with two live-in mentors, typically living on different floors), and grouped mentors (mentors in programs with three or more live-in mentors, living on different floors). Using social learning theory (Bandura, 1977) and student involvement theory (Astin, 1984) as theoretical ...


Enhancing Science Literacy Through Implementation Of Writing-To-Learn Strategies: Exploratory Studies In High School Biology , Liesl Marie Hohenshell Jan 2004

Enhancing Science Literacy Through Implementation Of Writing-To-Learn Strategies: Exploratory Studies In High School Biology , Liesl Marie Hohenshell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Some evidence of benefits from writing-to-learn techniques exists; however, more research is needed describing the instructional context used to support learning through writing and the quality of learning that results from particular tasks. This dissertation includes three papers, building on past research linking inquiry, social negotiation, and writing strategies to enhance scientific literacy skills of high school biology students. The interactive constructivist position informed the pedagogical approach for two empirical, classroom-based studies utilizing mixed methods to identify quantitative differences in learning outcomes and students' perceptions of writing tasks. The first paper reports students with planned writing activities communicated biotechnology content ...