Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Sociology

Professional studies in education

Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Study To Determine Student-Athletes' Motivational Climate Influencing Their Athletic And Academic Performance At A Midwestern University , Percy Lee Caldwell Jan 1997

A Study To Determine Student-Athletes' Motivational Climate Influencing Their Athletic And Academic Performance At A Midwestern University , Percy Lee Caldwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to describe and analyze the perceptions and experiences of six selected student athletes at a Midwestern university. The general research objects of the study were to describe and analyze the perceptions, expectations, and experiences of student athletes regarding: (a) school climate; (b) personal attitude; (c) teachers' interaction; (d) coaches' interaction; and (e) parental impact;The emerging themes elicited from the primary data were summarized for each of the five constructs. Two themes for school climate were: (a) some students adapt to the conditions of their school environment with differential behaviors and attitudes of teachers ...


The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day Jan 1996

The Impact Of Enhancing A Behavioral Program For Children With Severe Behavioral Disorders By Promoting Parents' Coherent Life Story , Susan Kathryn Schiltz-Day

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of enhancing an already existing day treatment program for youth with severe behavior disorders. The intervention consisted of a short-term parent therapy group which operationalized elements of attachment theory and narrative therapy and then compared this to the program's regular treatment. This group focused on assisting parents (1) to review their past for a coherent story, (2) to identify and utilize a parenting strength, and (3) to voice their hopes and fears to their child with an emphasis on the child's potential. The effectiveness of this pilot group ...


Organizational Culture, Subcultures, And Organizational Commitment , Taysir M. Khatib Jan 1996

Organizational Culture, Subcultures, And Organizational Commitment , Taysir M. Khatib

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine whether three custodial groups in the same organization differ in their behavioral norms and shared values, and, if so, to what extent do these differences impact organizational commitment. Two major questions were of concern: (a) whether there were any differences in the perceptions of three custodial groups of their behavioral norms and shared values at the workplace; and (b) whether there were any relationships between these two components of organizational culture and organizational commitment of the custodians;A survey was administered to 63 custodians in the Residence department of a land-grant university ...


The Eight Dimensions Of Educational Practices: A Quality Assessment By Teachers , Lyle E. Koski Jan 1995

The Eight Dimensions Of Educational Practices: A Quality Assessment By Teachers , Lyle E. Koski

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research examined teachers' perceptions of: (a) the level of quality of eight dimensions of educational practices employed by teachers within their own buildings and (b) the level of quality of the specific relationships between leadership practices and the practices in the other dimensions of all teachers and by attendance center levels;One-hundred fifty-six randomly selected teachers from eighteen high achieving schools in central and northern Minnesota representing four senior high, three 7-12 secondary, three junior high, three middle, and five elementary attendance center levels provided the data for the study. The schools represented a mixture of rural, urban, and ...


An Examination Of The Student Culture Of A Comprehensive High School , Jan Westerman-Beatty Jan 1995

An Examination Of The Student Culture Of A Comprehensive High School , Jan Westerman-Beatty

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As part of a case study of a large comprehensive high school, this study was designed for four purposes: (1) to identify and describe the common ways of thinking and their relative strength within the student culture, (2) to determine the extent to which school membership and authentic work are present within the student culture, (3) to describe the student culture, and (4) to determine the extent to which organizational systems factors influence the student culture;Primarily qualitative methods were employed, but quantitative research and triangulation were used. Small group and individual interviews involved 259 students in 17 days of ...


A Qualitative Study Of The Faculty Work Culture In Selected Comprehensive High Schools In The United States , Sandra L. Barnes Jan 1995

A Qualitative Study Of The Faculty Work Culture In Selected Comprehensive High Schools In The United States , Sandra L. Barnes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the faculty work culture in selected comprehensive high schools in the United States. More specifically, the study was designed to describe the culture of the schools, determine the common and unique themes in the work culture, and to determine the relative strength and valence of specific school work culture elements;Qualitative methodology was employed in this study that was conducted in two phases. During Phase I data were collected using individual and focus group interviews to gain an "emic perspective of the shared beliefs, values, and basic assumptions held by staff that ...


A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe Jan 1994

A Cross-Case Analysis In Two Transforming Middle Level Schools Of The Effects Of School, Adult, And Student Factors On The Protective Factors Which Promote Resiliency , Lesley Kay Forsythe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine the influences between and among the student-centered middle school policies and practices; the adult influences of teacher engagement, teacher readiness, and principal leadership; student engagement and the factors that influence student engagement; and the protective factors that promote resiliency. Its specific purposes were: (1) to establish the level of each factor and how each factor was demonstrated in each school; and (2) to determine how the factors influenced one another;A multiple case study design was used with qualitative interviews with students and staff, classroom observations, and artifact analysis supplemented by ...


Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively Jan 1994

Self-Efficacy Of Teacher Education Students: A Study Based On Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory , Mary Jo Anderson Lively

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study of teacher education students' self-efficacy was based on Bandura's self-efficacy theory. A critical review of the literature about self-efficacy and teachers explores its "fit" with Bandura's theoretical model. Particular attention is given to the widely used and adapted two factor teacher efficacy scale developed by Gibson and Dembow. The controversy over definitions and interpretations of the constructs is evidence of need for further study. Overall, it appears there is not a very good fit between Bandura's self-efficacy theory and its application in current education research. Differences in definitions, lack of attention to salient features of ...


Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing Jan 1994

Parent Perceptions And Expectations For Siblings Of Different Birth-Order Positions, Anne Sullivan Laing

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue Jan 1994

Student Perceptions Of Their Teachers, Their School, And Themselves As Learners , Janice Marie Donahue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem for this study was to design an instrument that would secure student feedback concerning their perceptions regarding their school, teachers, and themselves as learners, and determine if these perceptions and their critical thinking ability were associated with their attendance, gender, academic achievement (Iowa Test of Educational Development), and academic status (grade point average). Sixty-five students in a ninth grade class at Mason City High School in Mason City, Iowa were voluntary participants;The procedure followed four major steps: (1) Selecting the critical thinking test and items for the student feedback questionnaire. (2) Gathering the student ratings from the ...


African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux Jan 1994

African-American Students At Iowa State University: A Preliminary Test Of A Diversity Model, 1974-1994, Chantel A. Thibodeaux

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


International Undergraduate Student Adjustment In A Community As A Function Of Motivation, Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Relationships, Participation In Activities, And English Language Skills , Mary Felicity Barratt Jan 1993

International Undergraduate Student Adjustment In A Community As A Function Of Motivation, Self-Esteem, Interpersonal Relationships, Participation In Activities, And English Language Skills , Mary Felicity Barratt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the relationships among several variables and the adjustment of international undergraduate students at Iowa State University to the community in which the university is located. Mail surveys were sent to international undergraduates who had been enrolled at Iowa State University for one year or more, and 170 usable surveys were returned;Findings supported certain of the hypotheses. Specifically, adjustment, as measured the evaluation of the experience with the people of community, is positively related to interpersonal relationships with Americans, written and oral/aural English language skills, and region of origin. Adjustment, as measured by the evaluation of ...


Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels Jan 1993

Effectiveness Of Nine Months Of Intervention On The Culture Of 22 Schools In Northeast Minnesota , John D. Wessels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purposes of this study are to examine the cultures of 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota to determine the effects of nine months of intervention on the cultures of these schools, and to identify approaches which influence positive change in their culture. Three questions are addressed during this study: (1) To what extent do productive school cultures exist in 22 small rural elementary and secondary schools in northeast Minnesota? (2) To what extent will nine months of intervention influence the productive school cultures of these 22 schools? (3) What approaches are most influential in enhancing ...


Determination Of Iowa Educators' Attitudes And Perceptions And The Impact Resulting From A Fulbright Study Abroad Project To Russia On Global Education , Linda Lou Wolf Jan 1993

Determination Of Iowa Educators' Attitudes And Perceptions And The Impact Resulting From A Fulbright Study Abroad Project To Russia On Global Education , Linda Lou Wolf

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to determine the impact of an intensive five-week Fulbright group project upon the attitudes and perceptions of Iowa educators toward their host country, Russia. Further it has examined the impact of such an experience on global education perspectives. Comparisons were made with attitudes and perceptions of applicant and nonapplicant groups. Members of two other previous Fulbright group projects were questioned concerning the impact of their experiences on their teaching and professional development;The study utilized a variety of data gathering measures both empirical and naturalistic: questionnaire, interview, focus group interview discussion, open-ended questioning, and participant observer ...


Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price Jan 1992

Community And Campus Culture: Out-Of-Class Involvement At A Midwest Liberal Arts College , Jerry Mark Price

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The time students spend outside the classroom "profoundly shapes the form and quality" (Boyer, 1987, pp. 292-293) of their undergraduate experiences. Out-of-class opportunities can challenge students to broaden their educational interests, engage themselves in their own education, and learn to take responsibility for their own actions. Out-of-class opportunities also can enhance growth in students' self-confidence, leadership, empathy, social responsibility, and understanding and appreciation of cultural and intellectual differences. This study examined and described students' out-of-class involvement opportunities at a midwest liberal arts college, as well as the factors and conditions that influence involvement;The methods of inquiry for this study ...


To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson Jan 1992

To Pursue The Blessings Of Prosperity: Economic Reductionism And Higher Education Reform, 1983-1988 , Lorna Peterson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Eight documents written between 1983 to 1988, and selected as representative of the higher education reform movement of that period, are analyzed for economic reductionism. These eight documents are Involved in Learning, Integrity in the College Curriculum, In the National Interest, 'To Secure the Blessings of Liberty', Tomorrow's Teachers, One Third of a Nation, America's Competitive Challenge, and A Nation Prepared. Economic reductionism is defined as a hierarchical thought process that diminishes the importance of other values for the believed superiority of national prosperity. To place the 1983-1988 higher education reform movement in historical context, research is presented ...


A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest Jan 1992

A Study Of Chronic Self-Injurious Behaviors In Nonretarded Adults , Phyllis J. Nelson Priest

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A study was conducted to investigate chronic self-injurious behaviors (SIB) in nonretarded adults. Sixty-three subjects (47 females, 16 males), obtained primarily by clinician referrals, voluntarily completed retrospective questionnaires which were followed by 1- to 3-hour private, face-to-face interviews with the researcher. Data collected about chronic SIB were: (a) onset, (b) modalities, (c) frequency, (d) reasons for SIB from subjects' perceptions, (e) factor/situations reported being associated with SIB, (f) subjects' reports of pain and/or pleasure in SIB, (g) subjects' specific affects/cognitions immediately pre and post self-injury, (h) incidence of childhood abuse, (i) gender and relationship of the abuser ...


The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley Jan 1992

The Adaptation Of Afrikan Students To Iowa State University , Tina Marshall-Bradley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Within the past two decades there has been a tremendous increase of Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). Afrikan students at Iowa State University are experiencing difficulty in a variety of areas. Economic problems have always been the most severe difficulty experienced by Afrikan students in the United States (Arubayi, 1981). They also experience difficulty in communicating with Americans, (Pruitt, 1978); feelings of homesickness that can often lead to alcohol abuse (Oshodin, 1982); social problems, (Arubayi, 1981; Teferra, 1978; Adelegan & Parks, 1985; Ekaiko, 1981); and food problems (Hossain, 1982), including preparation and consumption of American foods and the procurement of ...


Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery Jan 1991

Factors Associated With Professional Role Socialization Of Nurses , Sharon Monley Hillery

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Two hundred eighty-two female RNs from Iowa responded to a mailed questionnaire two years after graduating from: (a) diploma nursing programs; (b) associate degree nursing (ADN) programs; or (c) baccalaureate nursing programs for RN students who had previously graduated from ADN and diploma nursing programs (BSN-RN). Professional role was measured by Stone's (1979) Health Care Professional Attitude Inventory as modified for nurses by Lawler (1988). In addition, a variety of socialization factors were measured. Professional role was found to be associated with socialization factors of age, nursing education, academic achievement, practice setting, and some professional development activities (p. <.05). Nurses with higher professional role scores were more likely to be older, BSN-RN program graduates, with high grade point averages, who practiced in nonhospital settings, and who maintained current professional values and practice standards by reading nursing journals and enrolling in formal academic programs. Professional role was not associated with socioeconomic background, nursing position, perceived influence of reference groups, or the following professional development activities; enrollment in individual courses, membership in American Nurses' Association, and membership in other professional organizations. Based on these results, a preliminary professional nurse role model was proposed which reflects the following thesis. The professional role of the registered nurse is associated with many socialization factors. One socialization factor is participation in ongoing professional development activities. These professional development activities include reading professional nursing journals and enrolling in higher education programs. Age is a variable that interrelates with other socialization factors and also relates to professional role directly. For the older motivated registered nurse, factors that promote autonomy, personal accountability, and independent nursing judgements lead to socialization into the professional role. These factors include practice setting and academic achievement. Nurses come from diverse social backgrounds; their socioeconomic status is not associated with other professional role socialization factors. This model proposes that education is the key variable which links these other socialization factors as well as associating directly with professional role. Successful completion of a baccalaureate nursing program provides the foundation for the other socialization factors leading to internalization and enactment of the professional role for registered nurses.


Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland Jan 1991

Predicting Educational And Occupational Attainment Among Male And Female Teacher Education Students: An Examination Of High School Extracurricular Participation And Other Selected Characteristics , Alyce Ann Holland

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study had two components: Study 1 and Study 2. The purpose of Study 1 was to examine variables that predict graduation from the Iowa State University Teacher Education Program among 2,008 prospective teacher education students who were enrolled in a beginning education course. The analyses were conducted separately for male and female students;College grade point average when enrolled in a beginning education course was the strongest predictor of graduation in teacher education for both male and female students. For females, the three best predictors of graduation in teacher education following college grades, were participation in teacher ...


A Study Of The Interaction Between Criminal Justice Programs In Higher Education And Departments Of Corrections , Harold A. Farrier Jan 1990

A Study Of The Interaction Between Criminal Justice Programs In Higher Education And Departments Of Corrections , Harold A. Farrier

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the extent of interaction between academic criminal justice programs and state departments of corrections; the extent of interaction there should be; the factors which may serve as barriers to that interaction; and the factors which may promote interaction between the two groups;Data were collected through a questionnaire mailed to a sample of 72 universities and 44 state departments of corrections. A 73% return rate was achieved. The questionnaire contained 29 questions using a 7 point Likert response set and open ended questions. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, the Chi-square Test of Independence, and the ...


A Comparison Of Concerns Perceived By International And Minority Students Enrolled At Iowa State University , Anna Marie Evans Jan 1990

A Comparison Of Concerns Perceived By International And Minority Students Enrolled At Iowa State University , Anna Marie Evans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the perceived concerns of Asian, African-American, Hispanic, Native American, and international students enrolled during the Fall 1989 semester at Iowa State University in Ames, Iowa;The subjects for this study consisted of 253 students selected from a stratified random sample of 500 students. The data were collected by means of a questionnaire based on concepts developed by Westbrook, Miyares, and Roberts (1977), and other published and unpublished information available to the researcher. Descriptive statistics and a one-way analysis of variance were used to analyze the data;The design of the study focused ...


College Students' Attitudes Toward Gender Roles And Acquaintance Rape , Sandra Ann Kuiper Jan 1990

College Students' Attitudes Toward Gender Roles And Acquaintance Rape , Sandra Ann Kuiper

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Because acquaintance rape is an increasing concern on college and university campuses today, it is important that research be done to determine what factors contribute to its incidence and tolerance. Such research could also contribute to determining ways to deal with this problem. The purposes of conducting this study were: (a) to investigate the relationship between individuals who possess traditional attitudes toward the role of women in society and the belief that acquaintance rape is justifiable when women engage in nontraditional behaviors, and (b) to determine if a difference exists between those who possess traditional attitudes and those who possess ...


The Impact Of Social Distance On Community In University Apartments , Donald F. Whalen Jan 1987

The Impact Of Social Distance On Community In University Apartments , Donald F. Whalen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The research examined social distance as it applied to students of on-campus apartments at a midwestern university. The research was conducted at the University Student Apartment Community at Iowa State University, a community of over 3800 residents. A stratified random sample of 600 foreign and American students were mailed a survey assessing attitudes regarding the environmental climate, facilities and services, student government and staffing, student patterns, student characteristics, and social distance. The completion rate was 62%. One-way ANOVA comparisons were made of mean ratings of 37 ethnic, racial, religious, and other object groups and five respondent characteristics. The respondent characteristics ...


Sexual Harassment In The University: A Study Of Faculty Women At Iowa State University, Loraine M. Reesor Jan 1987

Sexual Harassment In The University: A Study Of Faculty Women At Iowa State University, Loraine M. Reesor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


An Education, Employment And Health Needs Assessment Of Southeast Asian Refugee Women Living In Central Iowa , Gita Dhawan Jan 1986

An Education, Employment And Health Needs Assessment Of Southeast Asian Refugee Women Living In Central Iowa , Gita Dhawan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One hundred and fifty Southeast Asian refugee living in Des Moines metropolitan area were interviewed regarding their felt needs in the areas of education, employment and health. The five ethnic backgrounds represented in the study were Vietnamese, Laotians, Hmong, Tai Dam and the Cambodians. English language instruction emerged as the most desired need as expressed by these women. Education and employment emerged as the second most felt needs of the women. Lack of transportation ranked fourth, and, (better) medical services ranked as fifth most significant need as expressed by these women. By ethnic background, Vietnamese women appeared to have adjusted ...