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Social and Behavioral Sciences

2016

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Articles 3781 - 3810 of 3819

Full-Text Articles in Education

Good Intentions Gone Awry: Education Policy And Paradox Of Consequences In Rural Ethnic China, Jinting Wu Jan 2016

Good Intentions Gone Awry: Education Policy And Paradox Of Consequences In Rural Ethnic China, Jinting Wu

Journal of Educational Controversy

This paper provides a situated critique of how evidence-based, “best practices”-oriented research can result in unanticipated consequences and perpetuate a self-fulfilling prophesy at the expense of deeper understanding of educational problems. I structure the paper along two analytical steps. First, I explore the sociology of unintended consequences through German Sociologist Max Weber and his contemporary critic Mohamed Cherkaoui. Second, I draw from an ethnographic study in rural ethnic communities of Southwest China to illustrate how best intentions at providing free compulsory education go awry, and how the controversial policy both fails and succeeds in fabricating its intended outcome. The ...


Data Management Education From The Perspective Of Science Educators, Carol Tenopir, Suzie Allard, Priyanki Sinha, Danielle Elaine Pollock, Jess Newman, Elizabeth D. Dalton, Mike Frame, Lynn Baird Jan 2016

Data Management Education From The Perspective Of Science Educators, Carol Tenopir, Suzie Allard, Priyanki Sinha, Danielle Elaine Pollock, Jess Newman, Elizabeth D. Dalton, Mike Frame, Lynn Baird

DataONE Sociocultural and Usability & Assessment Working Groups

In order to better understand the current state of data management education in multiple fields of science, this study surveyed scientists, including information scientists, about their data management education practices, including at what levels they are teaching data management, which topics they covering, and what barriers they experience in teaching these topics. We found that a handful of scientists are teaching data management in undergraduate, graduate, and other types of courses, as well as outside of classroom settings. Commonly taught data management topics included quality control, protecting data, and management planning. However, few instructors felt they were covering data management ...


The Recruitment Of Sexual Minority Students In Higher Education, Jorge El-Azar Jan 2016

The Recruitment Of Sexual Minority Students In Higher Education, Jorge El-Azar

Masters Theses

In a time when universities actively recruit diverse groups of applicants, some universities are seeing the need for a diverse student population and advancing their recruitment initiatives to recruit specific groups of students. The LGBTQ+ community has been perceived as an invisible community (Cegler, 2012) by some universities, but other higher education institutions are seeing the value of specifically recruiting students who identify as a part of this community. This study was designed to focus on the initiatives universities are implementing to effectively recruit students who identify as LGBTQ+. Using a qualitative approach, the researcher interviewed six participants who identified ...


Analysis Of Middle Level Trade Books With Gender And Sexual Minority Content, Jena Borah Jan 2016

Analysis Of Middle Level Trade Books With Gender And Sexual Minority Content, Jena Borah

Masters Theses

Middle school is often the time students become aware of their sexual orientation or gender identity, and in many schools, perceived nonheteronormative behavior is penalized through bullying. One way schools can reduce bullying and increase successful learning environments is to include trade books that feature gender and sexual minorities. State and national standards set expectations for social and emotional learning as well as critical analysis of high quality reading materials. This research analyzed trade books from the 2013 and 2014 Rainbow Lists which were chosen by the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual and Transgender Round Table of the American Library Association as ...


Understanding Mentoring Relationships: The Black Male Graduate Student Perspective, Kwame R. Patterson Jr. Jan 2016

Understanding Mentoring Relationships: The Black Male Graduate Student Perspective, Kwame R. Patterson Jr.

Masters Theses

Black males face many obstacles in higher education. They are disproportionately represented among students who are forced to withdraw, underperform academically, and report negative experiences. Despite the negative experiences Black males may encounter, many still have a strong interest in education, and mentoring plays a role in that interest. The purpose of this study was to explore the mentoring relationships and influence on the Black male graduate students experience. A qualitative study was conducted with Black males who received their master's degrees from a regional Midwestern institution. Research revealed that mentoring played a major role in Black male's ...


A Photographic Study On College Student Sense Of Belonging, Sean Sheptoski Jan 2016

A Photographic Study On College Student Sense Of Belonging, Sean Sheptoski

Masters Theses

Finding one’s sense of belonging has the capability to serve as the tipping point between success in college, and failure. According to McMillian and Chavis (1996), sense of belonging can be defined as the sense of community that members feel when they are in an environment and around other members. A way to achieve premier sense of belonging is by the creation of a caring, supportive and welcoming environment within the university. This study was designed to focus on the importance campus space plays in the creation of sense of belonging. Using a qualitative approach known as photovoice, the ...


"Boys Learn The Teacher, And Then They Learn The Subject": The Importance Of The Teacher-Student Relationship In Engaging High School Boys In The Writing Classroom, Leslie Ellis Jan 2016

"Boys Learn The Teacher, And Then They Learn The Subject": The Importance Of The Teacher-Student Relationship In Engaging High School Boys In The Writing Classroom, Leslie Ellis

Masters Theses

This thesis explores methods for engaging high school boys in the writing classroom. Chapter one describes the differing beliefs scholars have about boys' educational situation, specifically in English language arts. Several researchers and scholars describe boys' situation as dire because boys have failed to improve as girls have over the last sixty years. These researchers cite various reasons for boys' academic stagnation, such as learning styles, hormones, brain structure and development, the feminization of the classroom, motivation, engagement, and teaching styles. These factors may contribute to the gender gap in writing. Other scholars deny the urgency of boys' lack of ...


Creating Shared Norms In Schools - A Theoretical Approach, Maryanne Macdonald, Eyal Gringart, Jan Gray Jan 2016

Creating Shared Norms In Schools - A Theoretical Approach, Maryanne Macdonald, Eyal Gringart, Jan Gray

ECU Publications Post 2013

Whilst some improvements to Indigenous education outcomes have occurred in recent years, there remains considerable inequity in the educational experiences and long-term engagement of Indigenous and non-Indigenous students. One of the factors contributing to the challenging environment for Indigenous students is dissonance of social norms, as a result of ethnic and socioeconomic differences between teacher and student. Many hegemonic culture teachers are unaware of Standpoint Theory and the way in which normative beliefs impact on classroom interactions and student outcomes at the cultural interface. This paper draws on the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TBP) to illustrate ways in which schools ...


Five Reasons To Put The G Back Into Giftedness: An Argument For Applying The Cattell–Horn–Carroll Theory Of Intelligence To Gifted Education Research And Practice, Russell Warne Dec 2015

Five Reasons To Put The G Back Into Giftedness: An Argument For Applying The Cattell–Horn–Carroll Theory Of Intelligence To Gifted Education Research And Practice, Russell Warne

Russell T Warne

Human intelligence (also called general intelligence, g, or Spearman’s g) is a highly useful psychological construct. Yet, since the middle of the 20th century, gifted education researchers have been reluctant to discuss human intelligence. The purpose of this article is to persuade gifted education researchers and practitioners to reincorporate modern human intelligence theory (as expressed in Cattell–Horn–Carroll, or CHC, theory) and research into their work on gifted children. There are five reasons to make intelligence part of gifted education research: (a) intelligence is one of the best studied constructs in psychology; (b) educators know more about how ...


The Possibilities And Perils Of Academic Social Networking Sites, Ann Williams Dec 2015

The Possibilities And Perils Of Academic Social Networking Sites, Ann Williams

Ann E Williams

in press 2015, Online Information Review


College-Level Mandarin Chinese Study Abroad Pedagogy From An Ecological And Sociocultural Perspective (Peer-Reviewed), Li Jin Dec 2015

College-Level Mandarin Chinese Study Abroad Pedagogy From An Ecological And Sociocultural Perspective (Peer-Reviewed), Li Jin

Li Jin

No abstract provided.


125 Years: Serving The Government Information Needs Of South Dakota, Vickie L. Mix Dec 2015

125 Years: Serving The Government Information Needs Of South Dakota, Vickie L. Mix

Vickie Mix

The article focuses on the completion of 125 years of service in government information to South Dakota in September 2014. Topics discussed include official membership to the South Dakota State University of the Federal Depository Library program (FDLP) on November 2, 1889; distribution of House Journals to the historical societies and state executives; importance of land grant heritage to the University; and procurement of buildings and machinery under the U.S. Government Printing Office


A Quantitative Analysis Of The Academic, Athletic, And Social Domain Perceptions Of Division I Football Players, Laurel Traynowicz, C. Keith Harrison, Ginny Mcpherson-Botts, Scott Bukstein Jd, Suzanne Malia Lawrence Dec 2015

A Quantitative Analysis Of The Academic, Athletic, And Social Domain Perceptions Of Division I Football Players, Laurel Traynowicz, C. Keith Harrison, Ginny Mcpherson-Botts, Scott Bukstein Jd, Suzanne Malia Lawrence

Scott Bukstein JD

The purpose of this study was to assess the results of a National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I football team in terms of male student-athletes’ (N = 78) perceptions of identity development and the athletic career transition process in the context of student engagement research literature in higher education. Previous research with the Life After Sports Scale (LASS) (Harrison & Lawrence, 2002, 2003, 2004; Lawrence & Harrison, 2011), a 58-item mixed method inventory, has focused on the Division II male and female student-athlete experience. Using validation theory (Rendon, 1994) and student engagement frameworks, we found three major findings that are unique to ...


Republic And Nation Are Just Metro Stations: Value, Language And Play In Urban France, Cat Tebaldi Dec 2015

Republic And Nation Are Just Metro Stations: Value, Language And Play In Urban France, Cat Tebaldi

Cat Tebaldi

In times of crises over economics, migration, and terrorism France asserts republican values to reaffirm national unity, strengthen national borders, and calm bourgeois anxieties. Yet as republican values are seen to be embodied in particular national symbols and linguistic forms, they become the values of empire (Negri 2000), silencing minority voices and narratives.   Ann Stoler describes this as France’s “colonial aphasia” (2011), the lack of a verbal or a conceptual vocabulary for the colonial past.  In contrast to this silence and forgetting, young people of diverse origins on France’s urban periphery are coming up with new words and ...


Social Physique Anxiety And Body Image Of Middle School Youth: A Longitudinal Study (Fffa2016-Web.Pdf), Mary Jo Maccracken, Robert E. Stadulis Dec 2015

Social Physique Anxiety And Body Image Of Middle School Youth: A Longitudinal Study (Fffa2016-Web.Pdf), Mary Jo Maccracken, Robert E. Stadulis

Dr. Mary J. MacCracken

Adolescents confronted with bodily changes and weight control problems may develop
a special type of anxiety (called social physique anxiety or SPA) related to their body
build. The present investigation attempted to determine if SPA, as assessed by the
Social Physique Anxiety Scale for Children (SPAS-C: Fender-Scarr, et al., 2003a, 2003b,
Stadulis, et al., 2005), persists or changes over age. The current study tries to discern if
changes in body composition (Body Mass Index or BMI) from year to year are associated
with changes in anxiety. Children’s perceptions of their physique (actual) as well
as ideal body physique were ...


Workforce Innovation And Opportunity Act Implementation: Ethical Considerations For Counseling Practice, Christine Anderson Dec 2015

Workforce Innovation And Opportunity Act Implementation: Ethical Considerations For Counseling Practice, Christine Anderson

Christine Anderson

The Vocational Rehabilitation program exists to assist individuals with disabilities to attain, secure and benefit from employment.  The purpose of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), which included the Rehabilitation Act Amendments of 1998, is to empower individuals with disabilities to maximize employment. The Act was reauthorized as the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014.  The Act includes significant changes to rehabilitation service delivery including a stronger emphasis on services to youth and outreach to minority populations.  Despite the changes, the Act is vague and does not include methods for implementation.  Although the specifics for implementation of WIOA ...


Abstract Eating Affordable Together (125 Words) Dec 2015

Abstract Eating Affordable Together (125 Words)

Nicole Teefy

No abstract provided.


Restorative Justice From The Margins To The Center- The Emergence Of A New Norm In School Discipline.Pdf, Thalia Gonzalez Dec 2015

Restorative Justice From The Margins To The Center- The Emergence Of A New Norm In School Discipline.Pdf, Thalia Gonzalez

Thalia Gonzalez

Changing norms is a difficult process that requires society to discard previously held ideas, morals, and practices. In the case of school discipline, this means abandoning the long accepted practice of zero tolerance and its associated values, identities, and processes of punishment and exclusion. While there has been attention in the literature to changes in school discipline at the local, state, and federal levels—relative to zero tolerance—scholars have not engaged in inquires tracing the emergence of restorative justice, its consequent cascade, and institutionalization as a new norm. This Article aims to do just that. Since the 2000s restorative ...


Sketching As Visual Dialogue.Pdf, Andreas Luescher Dec 2015

Sketching As Visual Dialogue.Pdf, Andreas Luescher

Andreas Luescher

Sketching is one of the earliest known forms of communication. It’s a record of thoughts, ideas and visions. It may sound simple, but it’s actually quite complex, because the expression of sketching varies according to an individual’s personal style, visual thinking and imagination, and is also related to one’s context and culture.  Sketching is a form of auto-reflection that encourages the mirroring of events that may not be noticed by the conscious mind, and daydreams that occur frequently in different working and life settings. For architects, these sketches can reveal the desire for a different and ...


Beyond Joint Narrative Of The Past: Segregated And Integrated Schools In Eastern Slavonia, Borislava Manojlovic Ph.D. Dec 2015

Beyond Joint Narrative Of The Past: Segregated And Integrated Schools In Eastern Slavonia, Borislava Manojlovic Ph.D.

Borislava Manojlovic

No abstract provided.


Diffracting Enfolding Futures: Critical Inquiry In Quantitative Educational Research, Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román Dec 2015

Diffracting Enfolding Futures: Critical Inquiry In Quantitative Educational Research, Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román

Ezekiel J Dixon-Román

This article demonstrates an alternative ontological and epistemological approach to critical
inquiry with quantitative methods. By building on new materialists thought, the critical
possibilities of quantification are reconsidered via a diffractive methodology. By diffractively
reading through multiple sources of data the article demonstrates how to critically analyze the
multiplicity of “difference” in parenting practices. The diffracted results point toward the ways
in which parenting practices are a result of myriad forces that cannot be reduced to pathology or
deficiency but rather convey the inheritance of constraining and disenabling sociocultural and
historical conditions. Concluding remarks suggests the quantitative turn for critical ...


"Urban" Schooling And "Urban" Families: The Role Of Context And Place, Vivian L. Gadsden, Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román Dec 2015

"Urban" Schooling And "Urban" Families: The Role Of Context And Place, Vivian L. Gadsden, Ezekiel J. Dixon-Román

Ezekiel J Dixon-Román

Conceptualizations of urban context and place in research, practice, and policy are relational, ranging from spatial dimensions to cultural practices of children, families, and communities in metropolitan areas. In this article, we focus on the inherent complexity of these conceptualizations and long-standing debates in education and social science research that label urban as a point of both identity and designation. We position urban context itself as a genre of thinking and imagining; challenges complicated in research, scholarship, and policy; practice and pedagogy; and public will and political rhetoric, influencing educational options and spanning issues from poverty to schooling.


Surprise, Sensemaking, And Success In The First College Year: Black Undergraduate Men’S Academic Adjustment Experiences, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D., Christopher B. Newman Dec 2015

Surprise, Sensemaking, And Success In The First College Year: Black Undergraduate Men’S Academic Adjustment Experiences, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D., Christopher B. Newman

Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

Background: Much has been written about Black undergraduate men’s out-of-class engagement and social experiences, identity development, participation in intercollegiate athletics, and college enrollment and completion rates. Too little is known about their academic readiness and first-year college adjustment.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to understand Black male students’ academic transition experiences in the first college year, with a particular emphasis on how they resolved academic challenges with which they were confronted.

Setting: This study was conducted at 42 colleges and universities in 20 states across the United States. Six institution types were included: private liberal arts colleges ...


A Study Of Citations To Wikipedia In Scholarly Publications.Pdf, Robert Tomaszewski, Karen I. Macdonald Dec 2015

A Study Of Citations To Wikipedia In Scholarly Publications.Pdf, Robert Tomaszewski, Karen I. Macdonald

Karen I. MacDonald

The debate on using Wikipedia as a credible academic information
resource is dynamic and controversial. This study used the Web of
Science (WoS) database and its “Cited Reference” and “Analyze
Results” tools to identify and examine trends in the use of
Wikipedia citations in scholarly, peer-reviewed publications for
the years from 2002 to 2015. Results indicate that the use of
Wikipedia citations in peer-reviewed journals has been increasing
since 2002. Given that Wikipedia is considered a nonauthoritative
source, it might be assumed that this resource is frequently being
cited in open access (OA) journals, which are sometimes considered
less rigorous ...


The Middle Class, Urban Schools, And Choice, Michael Lewyn Dec 2015

The Middle Class, Urban Schools, And Choice, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

It is common knowledge that middle- and upper-class parents tend to disfavor urban public schools, and often move to suburbs in order to avoid having to send their children to those schools. Thus, the condition of urban public schools contributes to suburban sprawl- that is, the movement of people and jobs from city to suburb. 

            This article discusses a variety of possible solutions to the unpopularity of urban schools among middle-class parents.  Part I of the Article suggests that this problem is a cause as well as a result of middle-class flight: that is, urban schools have poor reputations because ...


Inga Khachaturova V. Shaun Rourke - Dismissal Of Injunction.Pdf Dec 2015

Inga Khachaturova V. Shaun Rourke - Dismissal Of Injunction.Pdf

Khachaturova V. Rourke - Dismissal of Injunction

JOINT MOTION FOR FINAL ORDER OF DISMISSAL Plaintiff, INGA KHACHATUROVA, M.D. , (hereafter “Plaintiff”), and Defendant, SHAUN PATRICK ROURKE (hereafter “Defendant”), hereby move for entry of a final order dismissing this action, and state as follows: 

Inga Khachaturova V. Shaun Rourke - Dismissal of Injunction - Injunction dismissed.


Inter-Rater Variability As Mutual Disagreement: Identifying Raters’ Divergent Points Of View, A. Gingerich, Susan E. Ramlo Dec 2015

Inter-Rater Variability As Mutual Disagreement: Identifying Raters’ Divergent Points Of View, A. Gingerich, Susan E. Ramlo

Susan E Ramlo

Whenever multiple observers provide ratings, even of the same performance,
inter-rater variation is prevalent. The resulting ‘idiosyncratic rater variance’ is considered
to be unusable error of measurement in psychometric models and is a threat to the
defensibility of our assessments. Prior studies of inter-rater variation in clinical assessments
have used open response formats to gather raters’ comments and justifications. This
design choice allows participants to use idiosyncratic response styles that could result in a
distorted representation of the underlying rater cognition and skew subsequent analyses. In
this study we explored rater variability using the structured response format of Q
methodology ...


Examining Synergies In A First-Year Leadership Development Course.Pdf, Amber Manning-Ouellette, Cameron Beatty Dec 2015

Examining Synergies In A First-Year Leadership Development Course.Pdf, Amber Manning-Ouellette, Cameron Beatty

Cameron C. Beatty

No abstract provided.


Pedagogy, Accountability, And Perceptions Of Quality By Type Of Higher Education In Egypt And Jordan, Ragui Assaad, Eslam Badawy, Caroline Krafft Dec 2015

Pedagogy, Accountability, And Perceptions Of Quality By Type Of Higher Education In Egypt And Jordan, Ragui Assaad, Eslam Badawy, Caroline Krafft

Caroline Krafft, PhD

No abstract provided.


In Their Own Words_What Do Chinese Village Girls Value And Gain From Schooling- 96-311-1-Pb.Pdf, Vilma Seeberg, Shujuan Luo Dec 2015

In Their Own Words_What Do Chinese Village Girls Value And Gain From Schooling- 96-311-1-Pb.Pdf, Vilma Seeberg, Shujuan Luo

Vilma Seeberg

In remote valleys and plateaus of western China, village girls have been pushing their way into schools. Despite extreme family poverty, the vulnerabilities and low status of being a girl, the isolation of their villages, as well as the deplorable conditions of their schooling, girls persist in seeking an education. We examine forces of change where minimal human rights, minimal social justice,and multiple deprivations of freedomwere the norm. We brought to light village girls’ capabilities and their potential for gaining individual and collective social justice. Their schooling provided all the village girls with identity, legitimacy, visibility and respect ...