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Science and Mathematics Education

2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 460

Full-Text Articles in Education

Policy, Practice, And Readiness To Teach Primary And Secondary Mathematics In 17 Countries: Findings From The Iea Teacher Education And Development Study In Mathematics (Teds-M), Teresa Tatto, Jack Schwille, Sharon Senk, Lawrence Ingvarson, Ray Peck, Glenn Rowley Jul 2013

Policy, Practice, And Readiness To Teach Primary And Secondary Mathematics In 17 Countries: Findings From The Iea Teacher Education And Development Study In Mathematics (Teds-M), Teresa Tatto, Jack Schwille, Sharon Senk, Lawrence Ingvarson, Ray Peck, Glenn Rowley

Ray Peck

The IEA Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics (TEDS-M 2008) was a comparative study of primary and secondary mathematics teacher education. It examined how different countries prepared teachers to teach mathematics in primary and lower-secondary schools.

TEDS-M paid particular attention to links between teacher education policies, practices, and outcomes. TEDS-M asked several key research questions:

• What is the national policy context for mathematics teacher education?

• What are the main characteristics of mathematics teacher education programs, and how do they vary across countries?

• What is the level of mathematics and related teaching knowledge acquired by prospective primary and secondary mathematics ...


Geometry Curriculum For High School Students During A Summer School Program, Kyle E. Kucsmas Dec 2012

Geometry Curriculum For High School Students During A Summer School Program, Kyle E. Kucsmas

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This geometry curriculum project was designed to be used during a high school summer school credit recovery program. The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM), New York State (NYS) Learning Standards for Mathematics, Science, and Technology (MST), and the most recent addition of the Common Core Learning Standards (CCSL) harbor the foundations for each lesson. The curriculum presented will provide teachers with a condensed standards based instrument that can be utilized during a twenty-two day summer school geometry program which contains mathematical content, appropriate rigor, and opportunities for student growth. The curriculum is engaging, obtainable, cyclical, and diverse enough ...


Comparing Biology Grades Based On Instructional Delivery And Instructor At A Community College: Face-To-Face Course Versus Online Course., Amanda Rosenzweig Dec 2012

Comparing Biology Grades Based On Instructional Delivery And Instructor At A Community College: Face-To-Face Course Versus Online Course., Amanda Rosenzweig

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

Through distance learning, the community college system has been able to serve more students by providing educational opportunities to students who would otherwise be unable to attend college. The community college of focus in the study increased its online enrollments and online course offerings due to the growth of overall enrollment. The need and purpose of the study is to address if there is a difference in students’ grades between face-to-face and online biology related courses and if there are differences in grades between face-to-face and online biology courses taught by different instructors and the same instructor. The study also ...


The Mathematics Of Skateboarding: A Relevant Application Of The 5es Of Constructivism, William H. Robertson Dec 2012

The Mathematics Of Skateboarding: A Relevant Application Of The 5es Of Constructivism, William H. Robertson

William H. Robertson

lives is a challenge for educators. As part of a weeklong mathematics summer enrichment program held in the summer of 2010 at a southern university in the United States (US), eighty-five high school students participated in a unique set of activities designed to integrate mathematics concepts and skateboarding. Project leaders used a constructivist framework to design student-centered experiences implemented in the outdoor setting of a local skatepark and in campus classrooms. The activities designed for students in “The Mathematics of Skateboarding” demonstrated innovative and creative ways to engage students in content and skills mapped to state requirements for high school ...


A Compilation Of Rubrics To Be Used In Chemistry To Emphasize Argumentative Writing In The Science Classroom, Rachel M. Coon Dec 2012

A Compilation Of Rubrics To Be Used In Chemistry To Emphasize Argumentative Writing In The Science Classroom, Rachel M. Coon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The new Common Core Standards for New York State and the Framework for K-12 Science Education Standards have a main focus on implementing argumentative writing into each content area. Some form of argumentative writing has always been used in the science curriculum through the creation of a lab report. However, an argumentative lab report must contain a counterclaim and specific sources of evidence to be considered a real argument.

An argument does not have to be as formal as a lab report. Arguments can be as informal as a journal article or a narrative story. As long as the main ...


A Comparison Of Homework Practices In An Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Brian Paganin Dec 2012

A Comparison Of Homework Practices In An Adolescent Mathematics Classroom, Brian Paganin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Homework is an integral part of any successful classroom. It is important for educators to be cognizant of which homework practice will be most effective and efficient for their students. This allows the educator to make better decisions regarding other aspects of their classroom including planning, pacing, and curriculum, among other things. This project compares two different homework practices employed in an adolescent mathematics classroom. While there is no significant difference in performance for either method, the benefits of both are discussed.


A Compilation Of Literacy Strategies To Be Used In Science And Earth Science Units, Robert J. Atkinson Jr Dec 2012

A Compilation Of Literacy Strategies To Be Used In Science And Earth Science Units, Robert J. Atkinson Jr

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today in Education, reform and change have taken a center stage above all else to ensure that students are receiving the most beneficial education possible. With these changes come new Common Core Standards focused on making students more college and career ready when they graduate high school. This project tackles that problem, and presents many literacy strategies that can be used in the science classroom to make students more college and career ready through science. The project highlights many units of science, and breaks down the units into meaningful pieces. The content standards and common core standards, objectives, essential questions ...


Mathematics Teacher Time Allocation, Ashley Martin Jones Dec 2012

Mathematics Teacher Time Allocation, Ashley Martin Jones

All Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted in order to determine how mathematics teachers allocate their time in the classroom and the factors that influence teacher priorities in that time allocation. Research has indicated that math teachers may choose not to do certain activities in their classroom because of the amount of time that they take, but other underlying reasons may exist. In order to study this idea, six math teachers were interviewed on their current time allocation and rationale for that allocation, and the results from these interviews were used to create a survey that was sent to 581 math teachers in ...


The Measure And Instruction Of Scale In Introductory Chemistry, Karrie Linn Gerlach Dec 2012

The Measure And Instruction Of Scale In Introductory Chemistry, Karrie Linn Gerlach

Theses and Dissertations

As a student, it is fundamental to comprehend how small an atom or molecule is in order to truly understand how the world works. The American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) has determined that scale is a critical theme that pervades through all areas of science and is critical to a deep understanding. This project determined that students, which are more proficient with scale and moving between the macroscopic and particle worlds, were better performers in chemistry classes. Interviews were used to determine what the students understood and what common misconceptions were present. These lead to the development ...


Collaborating To Improve Inquiry-Based Teaching In Elementary Science And Mathematics Methods Courses, Paula A. Magee, Ryan Flessner Dec 2012

Collaborating To Improve Inquiry-Based Teaching In Elementary Science And Mathematics Methods Courses, Paula A. Magee, Ryan Flessner

Scholarship and Professional Work – Education

This study examines the effect of promoting inquiry-based teaching (IBT) through collaboration between a science methods course and mathematics methods course in an elementary teacher education program. During the collaboration, preservice elementary teacher (PST) candidates experienced 3 different types of inquiry as a way to foster increased understanding of inquiry based teaching (IBT). The experiences included a PST driven science inquiry and a mathematics inquiry where PSTs were learners and a science inquiry where PSTs were teachers. During and following the semester of the collaboration, data were collected to assess the impact of the inquiry experiences on the PSTs’ understanding ...


Cyber Collaboratory-Based Sustainable Design Education: A Pedagogical Framework, Kyoung-Yun Kim, Karl R. Haapala, Gül E. Okudan Kremer, Michael K. Barbour Dec 2012

Cyber Collaboratory-Based Sustainable Design Education: A Pedagogical Framework, Kyoung-Yun Kim, Karl R. Haapala, Gül E. Okudan Kremer, Michael K. Barbour

Education Faculty Publications

Educators from across the educational spectrum are faced with challenges in delivering curricula that address sustainability issues. This article introduces a cyber-based interactive e-learning platform, entitled the Sustainable Product Development Collaboratory, which is focused on addressing this need. This collaboratory aims to educate a wide spectrum of learners in the concepts of sustainable design and manufacturing by demonstrating the effects of product design on supply chain costs and environmental impacts. In this paper, we discuss the overall conceptual framework of this collaboratory along with pedagogical and instructional methodologies related to collaboratory-based sustainable design education. Finally, a sample learning module is ...


Attitudes, Beliefs, And Perceptions Of College Level Students, Lindsay C. Weise Dec 2012

Attitudes, Beliefs, And Perceptions Of College Level Students, Lindsay C. Weise

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research is to examine the attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions of college level students enrolled in an algebra course at the community college level. A survey was given to measure mathematical attitudes, beliefs, and math anxiety. Significant findings were found when looking at the difference in prior mathematics courses, repeating college algebra, enrollment status, gender, and age. By identifying the preconceived notions and beliefs that students have about mathematics and their academic ability, a teacher can use this knowledge to better meet the needs of students.


Dual Processing And Discourse Space: Exploring Fifth Grade Students' Language, Reasoning, And Understanding Through Writing, Sae Yeol Yoon Dec 2012

Dual Processing And Discourse Space: Exploring Fifth Grade Students' Language, Reasoning, And Understanding Through Writing, Sae Yeol Yoon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the development of students' understanding through writing while immersed in an environment where there was a strong emphasis on a language-based argument inquiry approach. Additionally, this study explored students' spoken discourse to gain a better understanding of what role(s) talking plays in the development of understanding through writing. Finally, the study proposed a new concept of Discourse Space, which enabled researchers to improve their understanding of the characteristics of the development of student cognition through writing, and of the roles talking plays in cognitive development through writing.

This study was guided ...


An Instructional Framework For Tier 2 Intervention In Mathematics, Catherine Didio Beals Dec 2012

An Instructional Framework For Tier 2 Intervention In Mathematics, Catherine Didio Beals

Boise State University Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effectiveness of an instructional framework for Tier 2 intervention in mathematics. The framework suggests intervention teachers utilize instructional practices shown to be effective for students with disabilities while assessing students strengths and weaknesses in skills that are strong indicators of an MLD. This study used a mixed methods design to determine whether tutoring based on this framework led to changes in understanding of multiplication and division for four low achieving fourth graders. It also evaluated the usefulness of the instructional framework in determining whether a student had patterns of deficit related to a mathematics learning disability ...


Seeing The Chemistry Around Me – Helping Students Identify The Relevance Of Chemistry To Everyday Life, Tracy Lynn Moore Dec 2012

Seeing The Chemistry Around Me – Helping Students Identify The Relevance Of Chemistry To Everyday Life, Tracy Lynn Moore

Dissertations

The study attempted to determine whether the use of a series of reading and response assignments decreased students’ perceptions of chemistry difficulty and enhanced students’ perceptions of the relevance of chemistry in their everyday lives. Informed consent volunteer students enrolled in General Chemistry II at a community college in the southeastern United States during the Spring 2012 semester participated in this study. Students were assigned to read a series of short articles that connect chemistry to a specific aspect of everyday life and then answer a series of questions for each article. Open-response research instruments (initial questionnaire and final questionnaire ...


Relationships Between Classroom Schedule Types And Performance On The Algebra I Criterion-Referenced Test, Gregory V. Murray Dec 2012

Relationships Between Classroom Schedule Types And Performance On The Algebra I Criterion-Referenced Test, Gregory V. Murray

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Public education has options with regard to educational settings and structures. States and school districts may select varying lengths for the school year, lengths for the school day, and lengths for individual class periods. In Utah, one measure of students' achievement is scores on the State's end-of-level criterion-referenced test (CRT) for Algebra I. Additionally, an option regarding educational structures is the schedule type used to deliver Algebra I classes. This study examined the relationship between student achievement as measured by Algebra I CRT scores, and the schedule type used to deliver Algebra I classes. The schedule types compared were ...


Understanding Adolescent Perceptions Of Science Education, Ellen Kress Ebert Dec 2012

Understanding Adolescent Perceptions Of Science Education, Ellen Kress Ebert

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study used the Relevance of Science Education (ROSE) survey (Sjoberg & Schreiner, 2004) to examine topics of interest and perspectives of secondary science students in a large school district in the southwestern U.S. A situated learning perspective was used to frame the project. The research questions of this study focused on (a) perceptions students have about themselves and their science classroom and how these beliefs may influence their participation in the community of practice of science; (b) consideration of how a future science classroom where the curriculum is framed by the Next Generation Science Standards might foster students' beliefs and perceptions about science education and their legitimate peripheral participation in the community of practice of science; and (c) reflecting on their school science interests and perspectives, what can be inferred about students' identities as future scientists or STEM field professionals? Data were collected from 515 second year science students during a 4-week period in May of 2012 using a Web-based survey. Data were disaggregated by ...


Credentialing Success In Respiratory Therapy Education: Revisiting Bourdieu's Concepts Of Field And Capital, Karen Lightbody Shaw Dec 2012

Credentialing Success In Respiratory Therapy Education: Revisiting Bourdieu's Concepts Of Field And Capital, Karen Lightbody Shaw

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The field of Respiratory Therapy (RT) is expected to experience a workforce shortfall over the next decade. The numbers of both program applicants and graduates have declined in recent years, necessitating strategies to improve board exam pass rates for future graduates. In response to the pending employment crisis, the Commission on Accreditation for Respiratory Care has published Programmatic Outcomes Data detailing individual program statistics. A theoretical framework adapted from Pierre Bourdieu's Concepts of Field and Capital was proposed to explain a possible re-stratification of RT programs. It states, in part, that a modification of position-takings within the RT educational ...


Supporting Teachers' Use Of Nonfiction Text In The Primary Grades Classroom: One Practical Strategy, Renee Rice Moran Dec 2012

Supporting Teachers' Use Of Nonfiction Text In The Primary Grades Classroom: One Practical Strategy, Renee Rice Moran

ETSU Faculty Works

The purpose of this article is to argue for the benefits of using nonfiction text in the primary grades classroom. Readers are provided with a brief theoretical framework which outlines how nonfiction may increase achieve,emt, motivation, and interest for young students. Additionally, practical strategies are included for classroom teachers which work to frontload and support students in the act of processing nonfiction text as well as increase teachers' comfort level with the implementation of a nonfiction unit of study.


Physics Faculty Use Of Example Solutions In Teaching Introductory Physics, William O. Mamudi Dec 2012

Physics Faculty Use Of Example Solutions In Teaching Introductory Physics, William O. Mamudi

Master's Theses

This study investigates how physics faculty perceive and use features of example problem solutions. Thirty physics instructors from diverse institutions participated in semi-structured interviews. In addition to open-ended questions, three example problem solution artifacts were used to focus on specific solution features. Data were analyzed to identify instructors’ goals for the use of example solutions and whether their goals were consistent with the solution features that they valued and used. The study concludes that many faculty have three major goals: keeping students cognitively involved, helping students become better problem solvers, and supporting students in learning physics. The study also found ...


Mathematics Curriculum Revised To Align To Common Core State Standards, Ashley Redino Dec 2012

Mathematics Curriculum Revised To Align To Common Core State Standards, Ashley Redino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) are the first set of national standards issued in the United States. Currently, all states are in the transition from implementing individual state standards to CCSS in ELA and mathematics. As the CCSS are being introduced and implemented into classrooms, educators are struggling to update or modify their current unit, based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) Standards, to align with the new national standards. This research provides an explanation of the changes that will occur due to the CCSS in a seventh grade probability and statistics unit. An updated unit ...


Developing Epistemological Values In Students Using Microsoft Excel(R) As A Software-Based Support Tool, David L. Peck Dec 2012

Developing Epistemological Values In Students Using Microsoft Excel(R) As A Software-Based Support Tool, David L. Peck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This thesis project addresses student epistemological values through technology and independent laboratories. The literature provides evidence that students show greater learning when they are prompted to reflect and develop these epistemological values (Davis, 2003 Demetriadis et al., 2011; Edelson & Kyza, 2005; Reiser & Sandoval, 2004). Furthermore, in conjunctions with research that supports prompting, other research advocates for the development and use of more modern technologies (Edelson & Kyza, 2005; Keengwe et al., 2008; Kuhn, 2001; Maddux, 1998). As such, my culmination project consists of two virtual “lab notebooks.” These notebooks are made using Microsoft Excel® and consist of several quasi-intelligent macros that not only provide instant feedback, but also help guide students through the experimental process in a way akin to inquiry. While a completed series of these notebooks ...


Controlling Nanoparticle Dispersion For Nanoscopic Self-Assembly, Nathan S. Starkweather Dec 2012

Controlling Nanoparticle Dispersion For Nanoscopic Self-Assembly, Nathan S. Starkweather

Master's Theses and Project Reports

Nanotechnology is the manipulation of matter and devices on the nanometer scale. Below the critical dimension length of 100nm, materials begin to display vastly different properties than their macro- or micro- scale counterparts. The exotic properties of nanomaterials may trigger the start of a new technological revolution, similar to the electronics revolution of the late 20th century. Current applications of nanotechnology primarily make use of nanoparticles in bulk, often being made into composites or mixtures. While these materials have fantastic properties, organization of nano and microstructures of nanoparticles may allow the development of novel devices with many unique properties ...


Teaching And Learning Algebra 1 Via An Intelligent Tutor System: Effects On Student Engagement And Achievement, Karen Kerner Lucas Dec 2012

Teaching And Learning Algebra 1 Via An Intelligent Tutor System: Effects On Student Engagement And Achievement, Karen Kerner Lucas

Doctoral Dissertations

This study investigated the implementation and outcomes of blended learning that integrated Apangea Math, an online intelligent tutor system (ITS), with face-to-face instruction for the teaching and learning of Algebra 1. It took place in a Title I urban high school where 75 ninth grade students and their teachers enacted the blended learning program for one semester. Students from the same high school who received face-to-face instruction alone during a previous semester served as a comparison group. Flow theory was proposed as an explanation for why the ITS program was expected to increase student engagement and improve student achievement.

This ...


Species Shout-Outs From Abdul To Zebra: Encouraging Nonmajors To Communicate In The Biology Classroom, Christina P. Colon Dec 2012

Species Shout-Outs From Abdul To Zebra: Encouraging Nonmajors To Communicate In The Biology Classroom, Christina P. Colon

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Learning Within A Computer-Assisted Instructional Environment: Effects On Multiplication Math Fact Mastery And Self-Efficacy In Elementary-Age Students, Loraine Jones Hanson Nov 2012

Learning Within A Computer-Assisted Instructional Environment: Effects On Multiplication Math Fact Mastery And Self-Efficacy In Elementary-Age Students, Loraine Jones Hanson

All Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of basic multiplication mastery (0-12) and self-efficacy outcomes for elementary age students attempting to master multiplication facts in a Computer-Assisted Instructional (CAI) environment. Timez Attack (TA), a modern Internet based 3-D multiplication video game, was the computer program used in this study. Four third- and four fourth-grade classes of students at a public charter school received either 12 20-minute Teacher-Led Instructional (TLI), or TA multiplication practice sessions. Pre- and post Math Attitude Survey (MAS), timed multiplication tests, observations, and informal interviews were used to assess and compare TA and ...


Gendered Patterns In High Achievement In Mathematics For Grades 4,6, And 8, Laura J. Falvey Nov 2012

Gendered Patterns In High Achievement In Mathematics For Grades 4,6, And 8, Laura J. Falvey

Master's Theses, Dissertations, Graduate Research and Major Papers Overview

Since 2001 , No Child Left Behind (N CLB) legislation has mandated that every state test students' educational progress annually, allowing each state to choose among many different instruments (Hoff, 2008). This demand for educational testing of all students has enabled the growth and availability of raw achievement data for subject areas tested and created an opportunity for a wide range of knowledge discovery. Not all states report testing results disaggregated by gender but in 2008, Hyde, Lindberg, Linn, Ellis, and Williams conducted research on data from I 0 states that do. They found the weighted mean achievement scores in mathematics ...


Big Data Education: 3 Steps Universities Must Take, Jennifer Priestley Nov 2012

Big Data Education: 3 Steps Universities Must Take, Jennifer Priestley

Jennifer L. Priestley

By now, we all know that the "sexiest job of the 21st century" is the data scientist. A scan of articles and blogs describing data scientists and their raw material -- big data -- reveals several "sexy" themes. First, data is ubiquitous, big and coming at us with increasing velocity. Second, traditional tools that have been used to extract and analyze 20th century data don't work with big data. Third, incredibly few people have the skills necessary to translate this tsunami of data into meaningful information -- making them the hotshots in the job market.


The History And Impact Of A College‐Level Field‐Based Course On Learner And Community Development, David M. Harwood, Leilani Arthurs Nov 2012

The History And Impact Of A College‐Level Field‐Based Course On Learner And Community Development, David M. Harwood, Leilani Arthurs

DBER Speaker Series

Providing students with inquiry‐based learning experiences was a key recommendation made in the National Academies' 2007 report, Rising Above the Gathering Storm: Energizing and Employing America for a Brighter Economic Future, and this presentation is about a model for providing such experiences to college‐level students through a field‐based geology course. GEOL 160 – Fundamentals of Geosciences in the Field was developed 10 years ago for undergraduate students preparing to be K‐12 science teachers. The goals of the course are to enhance undergraduate pre‐service science teachers’ (i) knowledge of geoscience and the nature of science, (ii) attitudes ...


Nanoscience Outreach, Stephen Ducharme Nov 2012

Nanoscience Outreach, Stephen Ducharme

DBER Speaker Series

Informal science education is an important and rewarding activity for scientist and scientists‐in‐training. We are fortunate at the University of Nebraska to have over 90 of faculty research group working with materials and nanoscience, and involving hundreds of students, post‐docs, and visitors. Some of us have banded together to develop an extensive nanoscience outreach effort that reaches nearly every corner of our community, with activities in a wide range of venues – in the schools, at the mall, at summer camps, with civic groups, at Science Cafés, at the Big Red Road Show, and many others – wherever you ...