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Full-Text Articles in Education

Goals And Objectives For Teaching Science In The Junior High Schools Of Kalamazoo, Michigan, Gary W. Wester Apr 1981

Goals And Objectives For Teaching Science In The Junior High Schools Of Kalamazoo, Michigan, Gary W. Wester

Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to determine the similarities and disparities among the expected learning outcomes of three sets of performance objectives for science education: (1) the teacher-written science objectives of the Goals-Objectives-Test (GOT) Program for the seventh, eight, and ninth grades in the Kalamazoo Public School System; (2) the objectives prepared by the Department of Research and Development of the Kalamazoo Public School System from test items on Test 8: Science of the Metropolitan Achievement Tests (MAT) - Advanced Forms; and (3) the science objectives of the Michigan Department of Education (MDOE) for grades 7-9.

The methodology used ...


Component Analysis Of Hutchings' Low-Stress Addition Algorithm, Daniel V. Mccallum Apr 1981

Component Analysis Of Hutchings' Low-Stress Addition Algorithm, Daniel V. Mccallum

Master's Theses

An A-B-A-C counterbalanced reversal design was used with two groups to analyze the two components of Hutching's Low-Stress addition algorithm. Fourth grade students achieving 96% accuracy on a pretest of basic math facts were subjects of this study. Subjects were taught two new methods of computation; Hutchings' Low-Stress and the Conventional algorithm with a written record, along with reviewing the Conventional algorithm. Students were given worksheets containing fixed size addition problems and asked to complete as many as possible with a five-minute times session. Accuracy and speed were monitored across the three methods of computation. The results showed superior ...


The Effects Of Hutchings’ Low Stress Addition And Subtraction Algorithms On The Accuracy And Rate Of Problem Solving With Low Performing Math Students, Stephen Edgar Hadden Apr 1981

The Effects Of Hutchings’ Low Stress Addition And Subtraction Algorithms On The Accuracy And Rate Of Problem Solving With Low Performing Math Students, Stephen Edgar Hadden

Master's Theses

The accuracy and rate of problem solving using Hutchings' low stress addition and subtraction algorithms was investigated using four, fourth-grade low performers. Two multiple baseline designs were used, (one for addition and one for subtraction) where subjects were required to work addition and subtraction problems using the conventional method during Baseline. As Baseline for each subject stabilized, a brief training program was implemented using Hutchings' low stress addition or subtraction algorithm. Following training, subjects were required to work the addition and subtraction problems using the new algorithm. Probes were administered before and after training to measure knowledge of place value ...


A Comparison Of Speed And Accuracy In Addition Calculation For High And Low Achieving Math Students Using The Calculator, Conventional Algorithm And The Hutchings' “Low Stress Algorithm”, Edward S. Drew Apr 1981

A Comparison Of Speed And Accuracy In Addition Calculation For High And Low Achieving Math Students Using The Calculator, Conventional Algorithm And The Hutchings' “Low Stress Algorithm”, Edward S. Drew

Master's Theses

This study was an attempt to compare the differential calculation power (speed plus accuracy) with addition for the conventional algorithm as compared with the Hutchings' low stress algorithm as compared to hand held calculators for high and low achievers with two levels of difficulty. Also, it is a systematic replication of Zoref's (1976) previous research. The subjects were eight third grade students, four male and four female, approximately nine years old. A multielement baseline design was used varying type calculation method within sessions and level of difficulty across sessions. The Hutchings' "low stress" algorithm produced markedly better results in ...


A Comparison Of The Hutchings' “Low-Stress", Fulkerson "Full-Record" And Conventional Addition Algorithms For Speed, Accuracy And Preference With Regular Education Students, John Robert Vanhevel Apr 1981

A Comparison Of The Hutchings' “Low-Stress", Fulkerson "Full-Record" And Conventional Addition Algorithms For Speed, Accuracy And Preference With Regular Education Students, John Robert Vanhevel

Master's Theses

The differential calculation power (speed and accuracy) of three different addition procedures were investigated using the Hutchings " Low-stress", Fulkerson "Full-record" and conventional algorithms. The subjects were nine fourth grade students, five female and four male, approximately ten years of age. Elements of both multiple baseline and reversal designs were employed, varying the type of calculation method across phases. After exposure to each algorithm, students were given a choice of methods to use in solving a problem. Results indicated that both the Hutchings "Low-stress" and Fulkerson "Full-record" algorithms were generally superior in producing stable, accurate and efficient calculations. When given a ...


A Study Of Types Of Presentations & Materials Utilized In Selected Title I Math Programs In Kentucky, Judith White Apr 1981

A Study Of Types Of Presentations & Materials Utilized In Selected Title I Math Programs In Kentucky, Judith White

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Two groups of Title I Math teachers, one representing school systems which reported second and third grade student achievement gains of one year or more on the Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills for 1978-79, and one group which reported gains of less than eight months, were surveyed in an effort to identify which methods of presentation and types of materials apparently contributed to the most successful Title I Math programs, in terms of student achievement gains.

A study of survey results indicated that a Title I Math pull-out program served by a teacher in groups of less than ten students ...


A Comparison Of Calculation Speed And Accuracy On Two Levels Of Problem Difficulty Using The Conventional And Hutchings’ "Low Stress" Subtraction Algorithms And The Pocket Calculator, Margaret T. Mcglinchey Apr 1981

A Comparison Of Calculation Speed And Accuracy On Two Levels Of Problem Difficulty Using The Conventional And Hutchings’ "Low Stress" Subtraction Algorithms And The Pocket Calculator, Margaret T. Mcglinchey

Master's Theses

This study involved a comparison of three different calculation procedures for solving two different sizes of subtraction problems. A multi-element baseline design was used with three subjects: 2 females and 1 male, whose ages were 9.6, 24, and 8.1, respectively. The calculation procedures were varied randomly within, sessions, and the problem sizes varied randomly across sessions. Dependent measures included rate correct, rate incorrect, and percent accuracy. For all subjects, the conventional algorithm was the fastest calculation procedure. Accuracy data were not as consistent, since they varied across subjects and problem array sizes. Future research in this area might ...


A New Face In The Clinics Jan 1981

A New Face In The Clinics

Iowa State University Veterinarian

One of the new faces in the clinics this fall is that of Dr. Marjorie Claxton (ISU '76), as she is now on staff in the Bovine section of the Food Animal Clinic. She brings with her the experience of spending three years in a mixed but predominantly large animal practice in Fayette, Iowa with Drs. Ernest J. Dahlquist (ISU '40) and Lauritz K. Larson (ISU '70).


Veterinary Medicine Explorer Post Sponsored By The College Of Veterinary Medicine, D. M. Betts Jan 1981

Veterinary Medicine Explorer Post Sponsored By The College Of Veterinary Medicine, D. M. Betts

Iowa State University Veterinarian

In the mid-1960s the Boy Scouts of America initiated a new approach in their programming. Until that time the Explorer Scout program was outdoor-oriented and aimed at 14 to 18 year old boys pursuing a more advanced experience than the younger Boy Scouts. Exploring became coeducational in the new concept and units were encouraged to develop as career-oriented or special interest Posts.


Research In A Teaching Institution, William G. Van Meter Jan 1981

Research In A Teaching Institution, William G. Van Meter

Iowa State University Veterinarian

The writing of this article is the result of a talk presented by the author to SIRE (Students Interested in Research and Education). It became quite clear that many students of the profession were unaware of just what was required in order to have a research program in an educational institution. It is intended that this article will offer some insight into the task of faculty committed to teaching and research in a College of Veterinary Medicine.


A History Of The "New Math" Movement In The United States , Robert W. Hayden Jan 1981

A History Of The "New Math" Movement In The United States , Robert W. Hayden

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The development and spread of the "new math" programs of the 1960s had their roots in the revolution in mathematics in the nineteenth century, the progressive education movement, and World War II. In the years 1850-1950, the changes in mathematics gradually filtered down into the colleges. The first high school "new math" program was initiated in 1951 by the University of Illinois Committee on School Mathematics; The most influential "new math" program, covering grades K-12, was initiated by the School Mathematics Study Group, formed in 1958. By the mid-1960s, "new math" programs had been widely adopted at all grade levels ...


Implentation Of A School-Based Science Programme : A Case Study, Adrianne Kinnear Jan 1981

Implentation Of A School-Based Science Programme : A Case Study, Adrianne Kinnear

Australian Journal of Teacher Education

This paper tells the story of the first two years of a science programme which was planned and implemented by the staff of a local primary school. The programme formed the core of a submission for government funding as a school-based innovation. The study describes the degree to which the submission's aims were achieved and attempts to analyse the factors contributing to the project's outcomes.


Stars And Telescopes : A Resource Book For Teachers Of Lower School Science, Clifton L. Smith Jan 1981

Stars And Telescopes : A Resource Book For Teachers Of Lower School Science, Clifton L. Smith

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

This resource book has been designed to meet the needs of teachers of lower school science who wish to gain experience in celestial astronomy in order to conduct an observational evening for lower school science students. The material will be treated at an elementary level, and is intended for teachers who require the acquisition of knowledge, skills and experience in the space sciences...


Proceedings Of The Seventh Annual Science Education Conference: Theme: Science Education In The Eighties, Denis Goodrum (Ed.) Jan 1981

Proceedings Of The Seventh Annual Science Education Conference: Theme: Science Education In The Eighties, Denis Goodrum (Ed.)

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

No abstract provided.


Space To Play: Games And Activities For Spatial Concepts In Primary School Children, Helen Mansfield (Ed.) Jan 1981

Space To Play: Games And Activities For Spatial Concepts In Primary School Children, Helen Mansfield (Ed.)

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

Spatial concepts are amongst the most important mathematical concepts that young children develop. Ideas of shape, size, and position are part of the young child's mathematical world from the very beginning. The spatial environment of the child is always changing. Objects move around in his environment, just as he moves around and observes them from different positions. The relationships between objects and their relative shapes, sizes and positions are constantly changing.

In our teaching of the Space strand of the primary mathematics syllabus, we are trying to develop in children the understanding and skills associated with spatial relationships that ...


Investigation Of Students' Study Habits Under Traditional And Phase Achievement Systems Of Instruction In A College Biology Course , Abdullatif Jassim Al-Hashash Jan 1981

Investigation Of Students' Study Habits Under Traditional And Phase Achievement Systems Of Instruction In A College Biology Course , Abdullatif Jassim Al-Hashash

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study evaluated the effectiveness of two different systems of instruction, the traditional method and the phase achievement method, and their relationship to different informational variables--use of lectures, textbooks, study guides and video cassette tapes provided for students in a college biology course at Iowa State University. The phase achievement method is a self-paced instructional system which shares some common elements with a personalized system of instruction (PSI), and Bloom's mastery strategy. In this system, learning objectives must be clearly defined, selected, and organized into relatively small units to help students as a guide and to provide levels ...


Solving Problems With Formulas: Some Limitations, John Clement Dec 1980

Solving Problems With Formulas: Some Limitations, John Clement

John J. Clement

No abstract provided.


Translation Difficulties In Learning Mathematics, John Clement, J. Lochhead, G. Monk Dec 1980

Translation Difficulties In Learning Mathematics, John Clement, J. Lochhead, G. Monk

John J. Clement

No abstract provided.


Students' Preconceptions In Physics And Galileo's Discussion Of Falling Bodies, John Clement Dec 1980

Students' Preconceptions In Physics And Galileo's Discussion Of Falling Bodies, John Clement

John J. Clement

No abstract provided.


Cognitive Microanalysis: An Approach To Intuitive Mathematical Reason Processes, John Clement Dec 1980

Cognitive Microanalysis: An Approach To Intuitive Mathematical Reason Processes, John Clement

John J. Clement

No abstract provided.


Students' Misconceptions Of An Electric Circuit: What Do They Mean?, John Clement, N. Fredette Dec 1980

Students' Misconceptions Of An Electric Circuit: What Do They Mean?, John Clement, N. Fredette

John J. Clement

No abstract provided.