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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Systematic Review: Incorporating Social Media Tools Into Language Learning, Dareen Alsulami Jan 2018

A Systematic Review: Incorporating Social Media Tools Into Language Learning, Dareen Alsulami

Wayne State University Dissertations

This study highlights a segment of a study that explores the incorporating the social media tools into language learning. These social media tools such as Twitter, Facebook, and Instagram...etc. have become such an intriguing social media that there is a growing need among educationalists, learners, and administrators to explore their impact and effectiveness in the field of language learning.

Objective: An updated systematic review was carried out of research studies looking at the incorporating of social media into language learning.

Methods: We conducted a systematic literature review on empirical research regarding the incorporating and effectiveness of social media into ...


Moving Toward Blended Learning: A Multiple Case Design Based Research Study In Higher Education, Ahmet B. Ustun Jan 2018

Moving Toward Blended Learning: A Multiple Case Design Based Research Study In Higher Education, Ahmet B. Ustun

Wayne State University Dissertations

The purpose of this multiple case design-based research study was to determine what elements were needed to assist two higher education instructors inexperienced in designing and teaching a blended learning course to successfully create and implement it, to document the instructors’ perceptions about their first experience of teaching a blended learning course, and to reveal how this blended learning course influenced student satisfaction. The goal of the study was to iteratively design, develop, implement, evaluate and redesign a desired blended learning course based on constructivist design theory, cognitive learning theory, and ARCS motivational design theory over the three iterative phases ...


Individualized Learning Plans And Performance Measurement, Management, And Improvement In Premedical Post Baccalaureate Education, Leah Michelle Robinson Jan 2018

Individualized Learning Plans And Performance Measurement, Management, And Improvement In Premedical Post Baccalaureate Education, Leah Michelle Robinson

Wayne State University Dissertations

Medical performance, what a physician can do accurately, repeatedly, and consistently is more significant than what they know. “Regardless of training, experience, or education, roughly 7% to 28% of medical trainees will require remediation in the form of an individualized learning plan to achieve competence” (Guerrasio, Garrity, & Aagaard, 2014, p. 352). Very little research on remediation for medical students, trainees, fellows, or practicing physicians exists in the literature. The available research focuses on specific skill attainment but lacks a standard methodology for identifying 1) those who are not competent and, 2) remediation strategies necessary to close deficiencies (Hauer, Ciccone, Henzel ...


The Predictive Value Of Admissions Standards For Student Success At An Independent College Of Art And Design, Daniel Long Jan 2017

The Predictive Value Of Admissions Standards For Student Success At An Independent College Of Art And Design, Daniel Long

Wayne State University Dissertations

Identifying the right students starts for admission to an institution of higher education begins with the institution’s admission criteria. Each institution must establish criteria for admissions that support their mission and their educational philosophy. Common standards for higher education admission include high school grade point average, transfer college grade point average, and standardized test scores (ACT or SAT). At an Independent College of Art and Design, the entrance or admissions portfolio is utilized evaluate applicants in a hope to identify those students that best meet the long list of desired attributes that admissions representatives are looking for. Little research ...


An Urban Mid-Western Adult Education Program: Perspectives Of All Stakeholders, Dedria Lynette Willis Jan 2017

An Urban Mid-Western Adult Education Program: Perspectives Of All Stakeholders, Dedria Lynette Willis

Wayne State University Dissertations

The purpose of this qualitative research study is two-fold: (1) to narrate the realities and perspectives of adult students’ learning experiences in a General Education Development (GED) preparation program in a Mid-western urban city; and (2) to document the thinking of the former director of adult education at the state level to understand the reforms of adult education program he envisioned. Data sources to achieve the first objective comprised of classroom observations, researcher’s journal entries, and transcripts of individual interviews of three adult education students, one teacher, and one counselor. The data source to realize the second objective was ...


Justice... Not Just Us: How One District-Level Social Justice-Oriented Transformative Leadership Team Addresses Marginalization And Oppression, Thomas Arnold Zook Jan 2017

Justice... Not Just Us: How One District-Level Social Justice-Oriented Transformative Leadership Team Addresses Marginalization And Oppression, Thomas Arnold Zook

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Our democracy depends upon an educated populace; thus, educators have an ethical and a moral obligation to provide equitable opportunities for all children to obtain an education “worth wanting” (Howe, 1997). Yet, too often the pleas of countless children yearning to be accepted go unnoticed. In the U.S., millions of students fail to realize similar academic success and social inclusion simply because of their (self or imposed) identification with a non-dominant identity group, and this can only be understood as institutionalized injustice. Often hiding in plain sight, marginalization and oppression take many forms, yet for their victims the ...


Synchronous Communication And Its Effects On The Collaboration Of Professional Workplace Employees Engaged In A Problem Activity, Michele R. Rochester Jan 2017

Synchronous Communication And Its Effects On The Collaboration Of Professional Workplace Employees Engaged In A Problem Activity, Michele R. Rochester

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

SYNCHRONOUS COMMUNICATION AND ITS EFFECTS ON THE COLLABORATION OF PROFESSIONAL WORKPLACE EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN A PROBLEM ACTIVITY

by

MICHELE R. ROCHESTER

December 2017

Advisor: Dr. Monica W. Tracey

Major: Learning & Design Technology

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Asynchronous communication may have a profound impact on employee collaboration and productivity in the workplace due to the loss of face-to-face interaction and the relationships these opportunities may foster. However, as broadly defined within the literature, synchronous communication is a rich media that supports this type of collaboration and social interaction. Synchronous communication methods that encourage collaboration lead to deeper level learning, critical thinking, shared understanding, and long-term retention of the learned material (Krejins et al., 2003). Schroder et al. (2011) described the benefits of collaboration to professional organizations as they relate to the interprofessional collaborative practice on healthcare. The authors described collaboration as a key factor in better patient and provider outcomes: “This approach to healthcare has been found to reduce errors, improve quality of care and patient outcomes, reduce healthcare workloads and cost, and increase job satisfaction and retention” (Schroder et al., 2011, p. 189).

The research for this study described the importance of collaboration and social interaction and the various benefits they provide, such as deeper-level learning, long-term retention of learned material, positive attitudes, group cohesion, interaction and inclusion, engagement, and learning that is actively created by the learners. In the business world, the need for effective collaboration exists as organizations seek to provide professionals with opportunities to engage in the practice of problem activities in an effort to improve efficiency and productivity in the workplace. This study, supportive of the literature, suggests that collaboration encourages interactions that make overall positive contributions to learning and the learner experience (Curtis and Lawson, 2007; Rovai, 2002; Rovai, 2007; Gunawerdena et al, 1995; Walther, 1996; Dawson, 2006; Krejins, 2002; Krejins, 2003). This literature employed for this study is synthesized into the following themes that describe actions and behaviors supportive of collaboration and social interaction: verbal communication; non-verbal communication; sense of community; contributing; planning; and participant perspective. These literature themes are then measured using a customer observation tool, Rovai’s Classroom Community Scale (2007) as ...


Mobile Learning Technology Acceptance Among Saudi Higher Education Students, Talal Mohammed Alasmari Jan 2017

Mobile Learning Technology Acceptance Among Saudi Higher Education Students, Talal Mohammed Alasmari

Wayne State University Dissertations

The rapid development of technology has encouraged Saudi universities to establish initiatives to improve learning. Mobile learning technology is one of the technologies targeted by eLearning and distance education deanships among Saudi universities. However, few studies have been done in investigating mobile learning technology acceptance in the Saudi context. This study aims to provide policy and decision makers in the Saudi higher education with reliable data in order to employ mobile learning technology in learning process. Therefore, this study modified Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) to investigate students’ acceptance of mobile learning technology. To this end ...


Using Google Applications As Part Of Cloud Computing To Improve Knowledge And Teaching Skills Of Faculty Members At The University Of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia, Bandar Abdullah Alshihri Jan 2017

Using Google Applications As Part Of Cloud Computing To Improve Knowledge And Teaching Skills Of Faculty Members At The University Of Bisha, Bisha, Saudi Arabia, Bandar Abdullah Alshihri

Wayne State University Dissertations

Dissertation Abstract

By

Bandar A. Alshihri

March, 2017

Advisor: Dr. James L. Moseley

Major: Learning Design and Technology

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Cloud computing is a recent computing paradigm that has been integrated into the educational system. It provides numerous opportunities for delivering a variety of computing services in a way that has not been experienced before. The Google Company is among the top business companies that afford their cloud services by launching a number of business and educational Apps. Google runs these Apps for free to be used for educational purposes, which saves a huge amount of expense for ...


The Effects Of Various High School Scheduling Models On Student Achievement In Michigan, Russell Edward Pickell Jan 2017

The Effects Of Various High School Scheduling Models On Student Achievement In Michigan, Russell Edward Pickell

Wayne State University Dissertations

This study reviews research and data to determine whether student achievement is affected by the high school scheduling model, and whether changes in scheduling models result in statistically significant changes in student achievement, as measured by the ACT Composite, ACT English Language Arts, and ACT Math scores. The high school scheduling models included in this study are: six period semester (SPS), five period trimester (FPT), seven period semester (VPS), standard 4x4 block (SB), and alternate day block (ADB). Supportive and non-supportive research are discussed in regard to the impact of the student scheduling model on student achievement.


Aligning Talent Development Performance Outcomes With Organizational Objectives, Iris Ware Jan 2017

Aligning Talent Development Performance Outcomes With Organizational Objectives, Iris Ware

Wayne State University Dissertations

*The value proposition for learning and talent development (LTD) is often challenged due to human resources’ inability to demonstrate meaningful outcomes in relation to organizational needs and return-on-investment. The primary role of human resources (HR) and the learning and talent development (LTD) function is to produce meaningful outcomes to support organizational change, performance improvement and organizational impact.

This study proposes an empirically-based descriptive process model to align LTD performance outcomes with organizational objectives. This study builds on the knowledge base of previous studies and seeks to enhance the application of research and theory. This study supports multidisciplinary knowledge enhancement and ...


African American High School Girls' Perceptions Of Dance-Based Physical Education And Sport-Based Physical Education, Kimberly Ann Maljak Jan 2016

African American High School Girls' Perceptions Of Dance-Based Physical Education And Sport-Based Physical Education, Kimberly Ann Maljak

Wayne State University Dissertations

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, 2013), over the last 30 years childhood obesity has doubled in youth ages 6-11 and tripled in those ages 12-19. Furthermore, obesity trends are higher among minority females, specifically African American (AA) adolescent females. Lack of daily physical activity (PA) among youth is a key factor in rising obesity rates (National Institutes of Health [NIH], 2013; National Physical Activity Plan[NPAP], 2014), with a significant decline in PA among the AA female population (Kimm et al., 2002). Given what is known about the decline in PA among AA adolescent females ...


Learning About Healing In Family Medicine: Making Doctors In An American Medical Residency Program, Edward John Rohn Jan 2016

Learning About Healing In Family Medicine: Making Doctors In An American Medical Residency Program, Edward John Rohn

Wayne State University Dissertations

This ethnographic study identified and described healing and the making of healers in the context of an American family medicine residency training program. The project goal was to describe the training of family medicine physicians through observation and interviews with resident and faculty physicians. The project investigated discourses and practices around healing. The aims of this study included: (1) to identify and describe the educational processes in a residency training program towards professional socialization of residents into family medicine. (2) To describe how the habitus of the residency informed the ways in which residents came to embody of the role ...


Youth-Led School Health Initiatives: Perceptions And Processes, Lila Murphy Gutuskey Jan 2016

Youth-Led School Health Initiatives: Perceptions And Processes, Lila Murphy Gutuskey

Wayne State University Dissertations

Disparities in obesity prevalence, based on a child’s race and income, establish that health interventions should prioritize these target populations. Additionally, children who are from low-income families in urban neighborhoods and of ethnic minorities have unequal access to environmental determinants of healthy eating (HE) and physical activity (PA). Schools might be the best setting for health interventions, given the understanding that a school’s mission should be to educate the whole child and the substantial amount of time that a child spends in school. The purpose of this study was to examine student-led, school-health interventions in four elementary schools ...


The Face Of Feedback: Exploring The Use Of Asynchronous Video To Deliver Instructor Feedback In Multidisciplinary Online Courses, Naimah N. Wade Jan 2016

The Face Of Feedback: Exploring The Use Of Asynchronous Video To Deliver Instructor Feedback In Multidisciplinary Online Courses, Naimah N. Wade

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

THE FACE OF FEEDBACK: EXPLORING THE USE OF ASYNCHRONOUS VIDEO TO DELIVER INSTRUCTOR FEEDBACK IN MULTIDISCIPLINARY ONLINE COURSES

by

NAIMAH NOELLE WADE

November 2015

Advisor: Dr. Monica Tracey

Major: Instructional Technology

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

The purpose of this qualitative, design-based research study was to design, implement, and explore the use of an asynchronous video feedback protocol in higher education online courses. Bannan’s (2013) Integrative Learning Design Framework guided the design and implementation strategy for this study by dictating its three core phases; 1) Informed Exploration, 2) Enactment, and 3) Local Impact Evaluation. The video feedback intervention cycled ...


A Design-Based Research Study Examining The Impact Of Collaboration Technology Tools In Mediating Collaboration, Kecia Johnese Waddell Jan 2016

A Design-Based Research Study Examining The Impact Of Collaboration Technology Tools In Mediating Collaboration, Kecia Johnese Waddell

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

A DESIGN-BASED RESEARCH STUDY EXAMINING THE IMPACT OF COLLABORATION TECHNOLOGY TOOLS IN MEDIATING COLLABORATION

by

KECIA J. WADDELL

December 2015

Advisor: Dr. Monica W. Tracey

Major: Instructional Technology

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Interactive collaboration technologies have expanded users' capabilities to collaborate and have driven pedagogical paradigm shifts toward more learner-centered and interactive teaching and learning. Online learners may be not sufficiently prepared for the level of collaboration fluency expected by a globally competitive digital distributed knowledge economy. This is largely due in part by how collaboration technologies is used towards impacting learning goals and outcomes in practice by online ...


Using Video Games To Increase Motivation Of Saudi Students Learning English, Wadeeah Alshawi Jan 2016

Using Video Games To Increase Motivation Of Saudi Students Learning English, Wadeeah Alshawi

Wayne State University Dissertations

The use of games in various stages of education has become an accepted method among instructional designers who are interested in adding technology to their designs. This research would benefit game designers and instructional designers who want to see what motivates students to learn English. The research used Keller’s ARCS Model, which addresses attention, relevance, confidence, and satisfaction, to investigate what game designs or characteristics will motivate students to learn more English language. The method of this study was a quasi-experimental design supplemented with quantitative and qualitative methods. The results indicated that both games used motivated students to learn ...


An Examination Of Urban School Governance Reform In Detroit Public Schools, 1999-2014, Shaun Michael Black Jan 2016

An Examination Of Urban School Governance Reform In Detroit Public Schools, 1999-2014, Shaun Michael Black

Wayne State University Dissertations

In 1983, the A Nation at Risk report stated that our educational institutions in the United States and especially in urban areas were not meeting the educational needs of our students. Since A Nation at Risk, elected school boards in urban areas were under fire from the media, parents, other civic and community leaders, and voters due to fiscal irresponsibility and poor student achievement. In selected urban cities across the nation, elected school boards were replaced in favor of mayoral control (e.g., Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Detroit, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington DC) and appointed school boards (Wong et ...


Effect Of Expert Modeling On Ill-Structured Problem Solving In An Undergraduate General Education Honors Course, Minakshi Lahiri Jan 2016

Effect Of Expert Modeling On Ill-Structured Problem Solving In An Undergraduate General Education Honors Course, Minakshi Lahiri

Wayne State University Dissertations

Abstract

Effect of Expert Modeling on Ill-Structured Problem Solving in an Undergraduate General Education

Honors Course

by

Minakshi Lahiri

May 2016

Advisor: Dr. Ke Zhang

Major: Instructional Technology

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

This dissertation research was based on David H. Jonassen’s recommendation that not all problems are the same and different types of problems require different approaches of instruction and scaffolding (Jonassen & Hung, 2008). Jonassen (2011) provided a set of recommended components (problem types, case components, cognitive supports) for designing effective Problem Based Learning Environments (PBLEs).

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effect of using expert modeling of ill-structured problem solving as a scaffolding strategy on undergraduate students’ problem solving outcome. Expert’s analytical guideline to approach and solve an ill structured problem and an example of the expert’s problem solving report was used as scaffold for the problem solving task.

The problem solving performance of the undergraduate students were measured on the three major problem solving learning outcomes as listed below:

i. Ability to define problem

ii. Ability to analyze issues critically and comprehensively

iii. Ability to evaluate proposed solutions/hypotheses to problems

The above mentioned problem solving outcomes and performance scales and categories were defined by a rubric that was developed following the guidelines from the Association for American Colleges and Universities (AACU) problem solving VALUE rubric (Valid Assessment of Learning in Undergraduate Education).

Participants of this study were from 2015 Fall freshmen cohort of Honors College, in a public urban research university in the mid-west of USA. Six Honors College First Year sections participated in this study. Three sections formed the Control group and another three sections formed the Treatment group. The sections were assigned to Control or Treatment group depending on the instructor and was determined with a coin toss. For practical feasibility, three Control Group sections were taught by the same instructor and three Treatment Group sections were taught by same instructor. Students who were less than 18 years of age at the beginning of the fall semester of 2015 were not considered in the study. Total number of participants who qualified for the study, Treatment and Control group combined was 144.

Two groups received an identical problem Task I. 122 participant scores from treatment and control sections combined were analyzed for problem solving Task I to give a baseline problem solving score for the two groups. After Task I, 122 participants were considered for the data analysis of the problem solving task - Task II in this study. There were 54 Participants in the Control Group and 68 participants in the Treatment Group for Task II. The treatment group received the treatment (expert modeling scaffolding) along with Task II and the control group received only the problem solving task - Task II, no scaffold. The problem solving reports from the two groups were graded using the rubric by two reviewers using blind review mechanism for reliability. Reflection responses (optional) were also collected from the treatment group participants on their problem solving experience with the scaffold. Percentage agreement and Cohen’s Kappa were calculated as measures of reliability.

Results of the quantitative data analysis indicated that the treatment group performed significantly better than the control group in the overall problem solving outcome as well as for the components “Ability to define problem” and “Ability to evaluate proposed solutions”. The result was slightly insignificant for the category “Analyze issues critically and comprehensively”. Qualitative data analysis of the treatment group reflection responses were highly positive and indicated that the learners perceived that the scaffold strategy was beneficial for them and that they learned from the experts analytical guidelines. The participants thought that the expert modeling benefited them by providing a useful tool and framework that they could use in future for other similar problem solving situations; the scaffolding strategy helped them organize and structure the information and helped them follow expert’s strategies on critical thinking and problem solving while approaching and working on the problem solving task.


The Relation Between Patient Education And Picc Line Occlusion, Patricia Louise Petroulias Jan 2016

The Relation Between Patient Education And Picc Line Occlusion, Patricia Louise Petroulias

Wayne State University Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of using an electronic tablet to supplement patient and caregiver education about PICC line maintenance and to compare the percentage of PICC line complications in the intervention group with national percentage rates for patients and caregivers. Newly diagnosed cancer patients who had PICC lines inserted participated in this study. They used an electronic tablet to learn the 10 steps for flushing their PICC lines correctly. They also met with the researcher via FaceTime to review the steps.

A total of 11 patients participated in this quasi-experimental pilot study. They completed ...


Development Of The Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Risk Model For Emergency Room Resident Training, Zora Cvetkovski-Injic Jan 2016

Development Of The Acute Decompensated Heart Failure Risk Model For Emergency Room Resident Training, Zora Cvetkovski-Injic

Wayne State University Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to characterize patients hospitalized with acute decompensated heart failure with and without low systolic blood pressure using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). Direct and surrogate measurements were measured. The aim was to use EFA for data reduction to elicit a parsimonious set of factors summarizing the relationships between variables by measuring intercorrelations of the clinical variables collected as part of standard care, and abstracted from electronic medical records.

A better understanding of the characteristics and outcomes of the target group could potentially lead to individualized treatment modalities tailored to effectively and economically improve care. Patients ...


Program Evaluation Of The Wayne State University (Wsu) Transition To Independence Program (Tip), Dinah Ayna Jan 2016

Program Evaluation Of The Wayne State University (Wsu) Transition To Independence Program (Tip), Dinah Ayna

Wayne State University Dissertations

Background: A significant number of children in the US are placed in the child welfare system every year. Among the multiple negative outcomes associated with being in the foster care system is a wide academic achievement gap between foster students and the general population, as well as other disadvantaged groups (e.g. low income). Low academic achievement is particularly pronounced in college. The government and higher education institutions are recognizing these educational gaps and developing specialized programs to address the unique needs of foster students; however, the effectiveness of these programs remains unclear. This study aims at evaluating the effectiveness ...


Impact Of Self-Selected Versus Prescribed Level Reading On Arabic Speaking Ell Students: A Mixed Methods Study, Manal M. Assi Jan 2016

Impact Of Self-Selected Versus Prescribed Level Reading On Arabic Speaking Ell Students: A Mixed Methods Study, Manal M. Assi

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

IMPACT OF SELF-SELECTED VERSUS PRESCRIBED LEVEL READING ON ARABIC SPEAKING ELL STUDENTS: A MIXED METHODS STUDY

by

MANAL M. ASSI

May 2016

Advisor: Dr. Sandra Gonzales

Major: Curriculum and Instruction; English as a Second Language

Degree: Doctor of Education

This study uses the Accelerated Reader collection to find which reading model, reading within the Lexile range versus having the choice to read outside the Lexile range, will positively impact Arabic speaking eighth grade ELL students and improve their attitude towards reading. The study was conducted in a Title III charter school in the metro-Detroit area. Participants included six female ...


Funds Of Knowledge Of Arab Immigrant Families: An Examination Of The Perceptions Of High School Students, Parents, And Teachers, Hiba Kahil Elhajj Jan 2016

Funds Of Knowledge Of Arab Immigrant Families: An Examination Of The Perceptions Of High School Students, Parents, And Teachers, Hiba Kahil Elhajj

Wayne State University Dissertations

With the growing numbers of English learners in American schools, the Federal Government has mandated special services and programs to meet the needs of this population which increased research about the best strategies that would help close the gap between ELs and their peers. Nonetheless, the current education system still views ELs from a deficit lens which focuses on closing the gaps in students’ education instead of focusing on the assets that they have. Therefore, there is a specific need to bridge the home and school environments together so that teachers can build on the skills that students bring from ...


Essays On Healthy Aging From The Perspective Of A Health Production Function, Nasim Baghban Ferdows Jan 2016

Essays On Healthy Aging From The Perspective Of A Health Production Function, Nasim Baghban Ferdows

Wayne State University Dissertations

This dissertation examines the determinants of healthy aging among older adults using Grossman’s framework of a health production function. Healthy aging is produced using a variety of inputs, including some determined in early life, such as health and socioeconomic status as a child, others determined in young adulthood, such as education, others determined in mid-life, such as household wealth, and still others determined in later-life, such as current health habits. A production function for healthy aging is estimated using nationally representative data from the 2010 Health and Retirement Study on non-institutionalized seniors, and positing a simultaneous equations mediation model ...


Relationship Between Principal And Teachers In Urban Schools: An Examination Of Principal Leadership Practices And Teacher Morale, Tonya Renee Norwood Jan 2016

Relationship Between Principal And Teachers In Urban Schools: An Examination Of Principal Leadership Practices And Teacher Morale, Tonya Renee Norwood

Wayne State University Dissertations

A pervasive issue facing today’s educational environment is teacher morale in schools. Recognizing that teacher morale in urban schools is an area of concern, and the behavior of the principals may be a contributing factor, the primary purpose of this quantitative research study was to analyze and measure the relationship between principal leadership practices and teacher morale in urban schools. The research questions focused on the relationship between principal leadership practices and teacher morale, significant differences among schools in reference to principal leadership practices, significant differences among schools in reference to teacher morale, and the principal leadership practices that ...


Principals’ Perceptions Of Teacher-Student Interactions In Diversifying Suburban Middle Schools, Yolanda E. Bloodsaw Jan 2016

Principals’ Perceptions Of Teacher-Student Interactions In Diversifying Suburban Middle Schools, Yolanda E. Bloodsaw

Wayne State University Dissertations

This qualitative study examined the kinds of troublesome teacher-student interactions that principals in a large Midwestern metro community manage. Personal interview data from nine suburban middle school principals as well as a group interview with four of the nine participants followed an interpretivist paradigm. This study found that the tense teacher-student interactions are triggered by conflicting perceptions held by students and teachers as a result of racial/cultural differences and socioeconomic status. Conflicting perceptions included stereotypes, cultural insensitivity, student motivation, student survival, loud Black kids, and tardiness. The bulk of the teacher-student interactions described by participants primarily concerned interactions between ...


Using R2d2 To Create Information Literacy Objects In Academic Libraries: Design-Based Research, Kristin Orlich Lavoie Jan 2016

Using R2d2 To Create Information Literacy Objects In Academic Libraries: Design-Based Research, Kristin Orlich Lavoie

Wayne State University Dissertations

Academic librarians at the university level are increasingly called upon to create information literacy objects which are available to students online. These librarians, however, frequently have little or no training in any type of instruction, either face to face or online. Because of the unique attributes of online learning, librarians should be aware of instructional design models and learner preferences in order to maximize online student learning. Academic librarians’ utilization of the activities which promote efficacious online learning can be increased through awareness of an instructional design model best suited to this purpose. Research was needed to develop a guide ...


Personal Learning Environments For Business Organizations, Denise Wunderlich Jan 2016

Personal Learning Environments For Business Organizations, Denise Wunderlich

Wayne State University Dissertations

This exploratory, mixed-methods case study investigated supervisor/manager-level employees in a hospital health care organization to examine how they created and used personal learning environments (PLEs), what internet/Web 2.0 technologies were used to solve work-related problems (or for professional development), and what strategies were engaged to meet learning goals. Research questions addressed: what internet/Web 2.0 technologies were used to find and retrieve information, build networks, collaborate, and create and share knowledge; what triggered employees to use internet/Web 2.0 technologies to solve work-related problems; how they evaluated information found; how they determined completion of learning ...


The Relationship Between Organizational Culture, Intrinsic Motivation, And Employee Performance: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Patricia S. Radakovich Jan 2016

The Relationship Between Organizational Culture, Intrinsic Motivation, And Employee Performance: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Patricia S. Radakovich

Wayne State University Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between specific organizational cultural factors (autonomy and meaningful work), intrinsic motivation, and employee performance through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Three separate studies were performed, one for each predictor variable: autonomy, meaningful work, and organizational culture/climate. The meta-analyses included only studies that contained correlations for all three variables and were set in a business environment. The first study concluded that autonomy is a predictor of performance; this relationship is partially mediated through intrinsic motivation. The second study concluded that meaningful work is a predictor of performance. The third study ...