Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 75

Full-Text Articles in Education

Research Methodology2, Abbas Madraky May 2015

Research Methodology2, Abbas Madraky

Abbas Madraky

No abstract provided.


When Will India Achieve Universal Adult Literacy : Status And Prospects, Venkatanarayana Motkuri Apr 2015

When Will India Achieve Universal Adult Literacy : Status And Prospects, Venkatanarayana Motkuri

Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr.

The main objective of the paper is to assess the prospects of achieving universal adult literacy with a policy intervention factor through adult literacy programmes targeting different age groups. The paper begin with the analysis examining the status and disparities across sub-population groups distinguished by location, gender and caste, and across, states with respect to literacy. Then it proceeds to explore the prospects of literacy rate in India with a modelling of simulation exercise while considering different policy interventions. In this respect it is observed that the performance of India in literacy rate is relatively poor. The progress in the ...


It’S Ok To Talk To The [Insert Major Here] Students, Jeremy Straub Feb 2015

It’S Ok To Talk To The [Insert Major Here] Students, Jeremy Straub

Jeremy Straub

No abstract provided.


Business Model Design Games: Rules And Procedures To Challenge Assumptions And Elicit Surprises, Sune Gudiksen Jan 2015

Business Model Design Games: Rules And Procedures To Challenge Assumptions And Elicit Surprises, Sune Gudiksen

CW Tsai

Previously well-established companies are currently struggling to secure profits, mainly due to the pressure from new communication technology-based business models. Because of this, the business model research field has flourished in recent years, but most of the applied approaches still rely on linear, rational conceptions and causal reasoning. Through three games and three business cases, it is argued that experimental game-like innovation activities can lead the way into another approach to business model development, called ‘business model design games’. This paper illustrates how the application of game rules and procedures can challenge business assumptions and evoke surprises that lead to ...


Research Methodology1, Abbas Madraky Dec 2014

Research Methodology1, Abbas Madraky

Abbas Madraky

No abstract provided.


Focus On Family: Research On Family Learning In Free-Choice Settings, Ana Houseal, Colleen Bourque Nov 2014

Focus On Family: Research On Family Learning In Free-Choice Settings, Ana Houseal, Colleen Bourque

Ana K Houseal

The National Park Service (NPS) Advisory Board Education Committee was charged with identifying areas that would improve life-long learning in the NPS. In this session, we will present three components of a project looking at family learning in free-choice settings that emerged from this request. The components will include: a literature review developed for the NPS; complementary involvement of NPS personnel in reviewing literature and their voices; and a look at novices and experts in interpretation and research and their roles in crowd-sourced research. The presentations will be followed by round-table discussions, where participants will explore the ideas further.


The Last Judgement: Exploring Intellectual Leadership In Higher Education Through Academic Obituaries, Roy Y. Chan Jul 2014

The Last Judgement: Exploring Intellectual Leadership In Higher Education Through Academic Obituaries, Roy Y. Chan

Roy Y. Chan

The literature on leadership in higher education is focused mainly on senior academic leaders with managerial roles. It largely excludes informal and distributed forms of intellectual leadership offered by full professors among others. This article explores the concept of intellectual leadership using academic obituaries. A total of 63 obituaries were collected from Times Higher Education published between 2008 and 2010. These identify the importance of personal characteristics and academic achievements in the formation of reputation. Four elements of intellectual leadership are suggested, linked to academic obituaries: a passion for transformation, possessing a balance of personal virtues, a commitment to service ...


Improving Learner Outcomes In Efl: Does Early Instruction Lead To Greater Achievement?, Servet Celik, Bilal Karaca Apr 2014

Improving Learner Outcomes In Efl: Does Early Instruction Lead To Greater Achievement?, Servet Celik, Bilal Karaca

Servet Celik

Language education curricula and programs worldwide have begun emphasizing foreign language instruction for learners as young as 5-6 years, particularly in English. Yet, while studies have argued for the benefits of early language instruction, the results of this trend in terms of actual achievement are not clear. For this reason, the researchers designed this study to illustrate the connection between age of onset of English as a foreign language (EFL) instruction and learner achievement, examining international language curricula from countries where English is taught as a foreign language beginning at the pre-primary and primary level alongside the corresponding scores on ...


Engaging Youth In Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities Through A Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program, Keri Schwab, Daniel L. Dustin Jan 2014

Engaging Youth In Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities Through A Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program, Keri Schwab, Daniel L. Dustin

Keri Schwab

Engaging Youth in Lifelong Outdoor Adventure Activities through a Nontraditional Public School Physical Education Program


Exploring Open Educational Resources For Enhancing Teaching And Learning., Zakir Hossain Aug 2013

Exploring Open Educational Resources For Enhancing Teaching And Learning., Zakir Hossain

Zakir Hossain

No abstract provided.


Does It Matter Which Citation Tool Is Used To Compare The H-Index Of A Group Of Highly Cited Researchers?, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Hadi Farhadi, Hadi Salehi, Melor Md Yunus, Arezoo Aghaei Chadegani, Maryam Farhadi, Masood Fooladi Mar 2013

Does It Matter Which Citation Tool Is Used To Compare The H-Index Of A Group Of Highly Cited Researchers?, Nader Ale Ebrahim, Hadi Farhadi, Hadi Salehi, Melor Md Yunus, Arezoo Aghaei Chadegani, Maryam Farhadi, Masood Fooladi

Nader Ale Ebrahim

h-index retrieved by citation indexes (Scopus, Google scholar, and Web of Science) is used to measure the scientific performance and the research impact studies based on the number of publications and citations of a scientist. It also is easily available and may be used for performance measures of scientists, and for recruitment decisions. The aim of this study is to investigate the difference between the outputs and results from these three citation databases namely Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science based upon the h-index of a group of highly cited researchers (Nobel Prize winner scientist). The purposive sampling method ...


An Account Of My Life’S Blessings And My Spanish Ancestors - Among The First Families Of New Mexico, Frank Cortez Flores Mar 2013

An Account Of My Life’S Blessings And My Spanish Ancestors - Among The First Families Of New Mexico, Frank Cortez Flores

Frank Cortez Flores

A concise history of Frank Cortez Flores’ life blessings: Frank achieved, at the young age of 27, his first doctoral degree (later on two more doctoral – total: one academic and two vocational), three masters (MS, MA, & MPH) and two post-doctoral along a life time of bench and field research, visiting fellow, faculty member and volunteer health care provider, mainly in global underdeveloped countries. Frank was graduated from USC's College of Letters, Arts and Sciences - School of Dentistry - School of Medicine - School of Education and was a faculty member as well. His other alma maters include: - Claremont Graduate University, Faculty ...


Achieving Universal Literacy In Andhra Pradesh: Status And Prospects, Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr., Ravi C Prof. Jan 2013

Achieving Universal Literacy In Andhra Pradesh: Status And Prospects, Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr., Ravi C Prof.

Venkatanarayana Motkuri Mr.

The main objective of the present paper is to assess the prospects of achieving universal adult literacy with a policy intervention factor through adult literacy programmes that

target different age groups. As a backdrop, the paper presents the status analysis with respect to the progress in the literacy rate and changes in disparities across social and

geographical groups in the literacy rate in Andhra Pradesh.

An analysis has highlighted the poor performance of the state with respect to the promotion of literacy during the last decade as compared to that of the previous decades. The

state has continued to remain ...


The Legal Impact Of Emerging Governance Models On Public Education And Its Office Holders, Robert A. Garda Jr., David Doty Jan 2013

The Legal Impact Of Emerging Governance Models On Public Education And Its Office Holders, Robert A. Garda Jr., David Doty

Robert A. Garda

The idea that changing the formal structure of governance can lead to better schools is rooted in American political and intellectual history. Politicians, career educators, parents, business leaders, and investors continue to wrangle over the control of public schools all across the country. With these battles for control have come more lawsuits, more laws, and more administrative regulations dictating the governance structures of educational institutions. Indeed, one could argue that, in recent years, debates over how schools and school districts should be governed have subsumed the curriculum debates over how and what children should be taught. Leadership matters, and therefore ...


Examining Crime Among College-Aged Christians: Are Christian Religious Beliefs Associated With Low Levels Of Criminal Activity?, Paul R. Rickert Dec 2012

Examining Crime Among College-Aged Christians: Are Christian Religious Beliefs Associated With Low Levels Of Criminal Activity?, Paul R. Rickert

Paul R Rickert

The purpose of this correlational study into crime among college-aged Christians in the United States is to determine if indicating higher levels of Christian spiritual growth is associated with lower levels of criminal behavior. A convenience sample of college aged Christians was given an online survey to measure self-reported criminality measured by the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Uniform Crime Reports Part I and Part II and self-reported religious convictions as measured by Bufford et al.’s Christ-like Spiritual Growth Scale. This quantitative study then analyzed data generated from 57 respondents and found that reporting higher rates of ...


Planning And Changing Special Issue Learning To Lead: An Examination Of Innovative Principal Leadership Preparation Practices, John W. Presley, Kristina Hesbol Jul 2012

Planning And Changing Special Issue Learning To Lead: An Examination Of Innovative Principal Leadership Preparation Practices, John W. Presley, Kristina Hesbol

Kristina Hesbol

Leadership preparation studies in general have been limited relative to specific program practices and outcomes (Murphy & Vriesenga, 2006; Perez, Uline, Johnson, James-Ward, & Basom, 2011). The authors in this special issue provide clear evidence of effectiveness of their program approaches, including newly-developed tools to inform programmatic and curricular decision-making, consistent with a growing interest in establishing a link between leadership preparation and program outcomes (Orr, 2009). This special issue presents a different focus, an examination centered on a shift from accountability, demonstrated previously as a response to shifting policy mandates, to responsibility to prepare effective leaders who are trained to lead learning-centered schools (Southern Regional Educational Board, 2007). In this first of two special issues, we present a critical discussion of leadership preparation practices that improve organizational conditions which focus on improving learning for every student, reaching across urban, rural, suburban and exurban contexts. This research furthers our understanding of the real and significant impact of leadership program benchmarking, the utility of using multiple data sources to evaluate program effectiveness, and the impact of principal preparation on student learning (Seashore Louis, Leithwood, Wahlstrom, & Anderson, 2010; Orr, 2011; Pounder, 2011; Orr & Orphanos, 2011).

Using a continuum of methodological traditions, the authors in this issue describe practice-oriented concepts and critical pedagogical skills requisite to the development of socially just school leaders. They write about the challenges of changing university faculty practices, a microcosm of the challenges that await aspiring principals in schools where mental models need to be collaboratively surfaced and challenged in order to develop a shared vision of transformative possibility. They focus even more granularly ...


An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Mexican American Studies Participation On Student Achievement Within Tucson Unified School District, Nolan L. Cabrera, Jeffrey F. Milem, Ronald W. Marx Jun 2012

An Empirical Analysis Of The Effects Of Mexican American Studies Participation On Student Achievement Within Tucson Unified School District, Nolan L. Cabrera, Jeffrey F. Milem, Ronald W. Marx

Nolan L. Cabrera

No abstract provided.


Transforming Information Literacy: Engaging Stakeholders., Rob Morrison, Deana Greenfield May 2012

Transforming Information Literacy: Engaging Stakeholders., Rob Morrison, Deana Greenfield

Rob Morrison

Librarians at National Louis University have been engaged with stakeholders for the past four years to integrate Information Literacy into the undergraduate curriculum that goes beyond traditional instruction. The outcome was a 2 credit course on Digital Information Literacy now required in three undergraduate degree programs. The success of this course resulted in the creation of additional credit courses tailored to the learning outcomes of specific programs. We have learned from this process how to strategically discuss Information Literacy with academic departments. In this session, we will draw from our experience to facilitate a group discussion on transforming Information Literacy ...


Environmental Education In Rural Areas - A Real Support For Sustainable Development,, Andreea Ghiurcă, Andreea Lămășanu, Florin C. Mihai May 2012

Environmental Education In Rural Areas - A Real Support For Sustainable Development,, Andreea Ghiurcă, Andreea Lămășanu, Florin C. Mihai

Florin C MIHAI

Sustainable development represents the future for Romanian rural areas and a viable solution to solve the environmental problems. This concept can be put into practice through the interaction between economic, sociocultural, environmental and political-institutional dimension. In this interaction an important role has the ecological education of citizens from rural areas and their involvement in environmental policy decisions. So, a low level of ecological education in rural areas leads to a permanent degradation of environmental factors. In this research we showed some negative environmental practices related to the inhabitants of rural areas. Citizen’s education in environmental spirit should promote the ...


Digital Information Literacy At National Louis University: Embedding And Integrating Information Literacy Into Degree Programs., Rob Morrison, Deana Greenfield Apr 2012

Digital Information Literacy At National Louis University: Embedding And Integrating Information Literacy Into Degree Programs., Rob Morrison, Deana Greenfield

Rob Morrison

This session will provide an overview of NLU Librarians experience to develop a new teaching model that enhanced traditional library instruction through embedding in online courses and new courses on digital information literacy. Our integration into undergraduate degree programs with a required library course was the result of engaging with academic stakeholders and being “out in front” with technology. This resulted in a major shift in our roles and workload and brings us deeper into the teaching and learning process. We will engage participants in a discussion of useful strategies to integrate teaching into academic programs, the role and use ...


Transforming The Nigerian Nation Through Science, Technology And Mathematics Education, Jerome O. Okafor Mar 2012

Transforming The Nigerian Nation Through Science, Technology And Mathematics Education, Jerome O. Okafor

Prof. Jerome O Okafor

No abstract provided.


Prioritizing Library Instruction: Challenges And Opportunities Moving Into The Digital Age, Rob Morrison, Deana Greenfield, Marisa Walstrum, Amy Lefager Mar 2012

Prioritizing Library Instruction: Challenges And Opportunities Moving Into The Digital Age, Rob Morrison, Deana Greenfield, Marisa Walstrum, Amy Lefager

Rob Morrison

The role of librarian as teacher is shifting as we experience changes in our institutions, in technology, and in our communities. We must identify opportunities to address these issues and shape the future of our profession. Drawing upon the experience of moving from traditional library sessions to offering credit courses integrated into the curriculum of college programs, the four facilitators will lead participants in a collaborative session to identify the challenges and opportunities of integrating librarians as teachers into the student experience. Participants should bring questions, challenges, and opportunities they are facing at their own institutions. Through group discussion and ...


Assessing And Instilling Hopefulness: A Case Study Of Swazi Youth, Connie Titone Dr., Laura Stefanik, Robert Mcnamara Jan 2012

Assessing And Instilling Hopefulness: A Case Study Of Swazi Youth, Connie Titone Dr., Laura Stefanik, Robert Mcnamara

connie titone

Hopefulness is a critical quality of human beings that provides us with the capacity to set goals and overcome adversity in the pursuit of those goals. Likewise, successful achievement of goals sustains hopefulness. High levels of hope can therefore positively affect a student’s education. The psychologist C.R. Snyder, a leading researcher of hope theory, developed the Children’s Hope Scale (CHS) to assess and analyze the state of hopefulness in children ages 8-17. This study expands on Snyder’s data by analyzing the results of the CHS administered to 38 students at an orphanage in Swaziland. The results ...


Attracting Black Male Students To Research Careers In Education: A Report From The Grad Prep Academy Project, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D., Andrew C. Porter, Ph.D. Jan 2012

Attracting Black Male Students To Research Careers In Education: A Report From The Grad Prep Academy Project, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D., Andrew C. Porter, Ph.D.

Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

This report is about the University of Pennsylvania’s Grad Prep Academy, a project that prepares Black undergraduate men for graduate study and research-related careers in the field of education. The project is also a longitudinal research study that enables us to analyze Black men’s trajectories from undergraduate study through graduate degree programs and eventually into their careers. Eighteen students participated in our first two cohorts of Academy Scholars. The project described in this report, as well as the recommendations we offer, can be instructive for other schools of education and a range of stakeholders who are concerned about ...


Nurturing A Healthy Mind: Doing What Matters Most For Your Child's Developing Brain, Michael C. Nagel Dr Jan 2012

Nurturing A Healthy Mind: Doing What Matters Most For Your Child's Developing Brain, Michael C. Nagel Dr

Michael C Nagel Dr

No abstract provided.


Laboratory Office Hours As Outreach In The Health Sciences: Better Research Skills For Better Careers, Todd Prusin Jan 2012

Laboratory Office Hours As Outreach In The Health Sciences: Better Research Skills For Better Careers, Todd Prusin

Todd Prusin

Medical librarianship is changing in health care environments. Since 1996, by which time the standards that determine how hospitals acquire accreditation changed, many hospitals have been acquiring accreditation without a qualified medical librarian on site. For that reason, it has become even more important that health care professionals, doctors, nurses, and other clinicians learn to access and evaluate quality information as an integral part of their academic training. Medical clinicians now must begin their careers with strong research skills. These skills must be attained during their academic matriculation, and studies in the field of librarianship have shown that departmental outreach ...


Exposing Whiteness In Higher Education: White Male College Students Minimizing Racism, Claiming Victimization, And Recreating White Supremacy, Nolan L. Cabrera Jan 2012

Exposing Whiteness In Higher Education: White Male College Students Minimizing Racism, Claiming Victimization, And Recreating White Supremacy, Nolan L. Cabrera

Nolan L. Cabrera

This research critically examines racial views and experiences of 12 white men in a single higher education institution via semi-structured interviews. Participants tended to utilize individualized definitions of racism and experience high levels of racial segregation in both their pre-college and college environments. This corresponded to participants seeing little evidence of racism, minimizing the power of contemporary racism, and framing whites as the true victims of multiculturalism (i.e. ‘reverse racism’). This sense of racial victimization corresponded to the participants blaming racial minorities for racial antagonism (both on campus and society as a whole), which cyclically served to rationalize the ...


Board Members' Education And Firm Performance: Evidence From A Developing Economy, Salim Darmadi Jan 2012

Board Members' Education And Firm Performance: Evidence From A Developing Economy, Salim Darmadi

Salim Darmadi

Empirical studies focusing on the influence of the educational backgrounds of CEO and board members on firm performance are scarce in the literature. This study makes a contribution by addressing such an issue in the context of Indonesia, a developing country that adopts a two-tier board system. Using annual reports to collect information on the educational qualification of board members, I employ a sample consisting of 160 firms listed on the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX). I use four measures of educational qualification in this study, namely postgraduate degrees, degrees obtained from prestigious domestic universities, degrees obtained from developed countries, and ...


Coming To Canada To Study Factors That Influence Students Decisions To Participate In International Exchange, Jennifer Massey, Jeff Burrow Jan 2012

Coming To Canada To Study Factors That Influence Students Decisions To Participate In International Exchange, Jennifer Massey, Jeff Burrow

Jennifer Massey

Increasing numbers of students are participating in study abroad programs. Outcomes associated with these programs have been studied extensively, but relatively little is known about what motivates and influences students to participate. This study investigated factors that motivate and influence students to study on exchange and explored how these factors vary by social identity. The findings support the development of programs, services, and marketing that meet students’ needs.


Comentario A “Las Cosas Cambian Cuando Les Pones Un ‘Tú’: Sobre Universalismo, Focalización Y Regresividad”, De Fernando Atria, Sergio Verdugo Sverdugor@Udd.Cl Jan 2012

Comentario A “Las Cosas Cambian Cuando Les Pones Un ‘Tú’: Sobre Universalismo, Focalización Y Regresividad”, De Fernando Atria, Sergio Verdugo Sverdugor@Udd.Cl

Sergio Verdugo R.

Se argumenta que el trabajo del profesor Atria sigue una perspectiva parcial que es insuficiente para tomar determinaciones concretas y que confunde elementos relevantes que debieran distinguirse. Su trabajo se centra en la educación superior, pero no diferencia las particularidades de esta última ni los distintos bienes que ella está llamada a servir. Se cuestionan las ventajas de la universalidad y gratuidad en el sistema de educación terciaria y se constata que las ideas del profesor Atria responden a una amplia política redistributiva y social ideológicamente comprometida.