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Full-Text Articles in Education

Case Study - The Organization And Promotion Of Health Services, Cindy Ramos Rico, Sarah Freschi Apr 2019

Case Study - The Organization And Promotion Of Health Services, Cindy Ramos Rico, Sarah Freschi

The International Undergraduate Journal For Service-Learning, Leadership, and Social Change

Our eight-week partnership took place in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Cochabamba is the third largest city in Bolivia with a population of 630,587. Our group partnered with Pro Mujer, an international microfinance organization founded in El Alto, Bolivia in 1990. Pro Mujer’s vision, as detailed on their website, is “a Latin America where all women thrive” and their mission is “to empower underserved women to achieve their full potential”. Pro Mujer empowers the women they serve through providing access to microfinance loans and communal banks, capacity-building workshops, and health services.


Beyond Checklists: A Nursing Informatics Education Strategy For Undergraduate Nursing Students Appraising Health Information On Social Networking Sites (Sns) / Au-Delà Des Listes De Vérification : Une Stratégie De Formation Infirmière Au Numérique Pour L’Évaluation, Par Les Étudiantes De Premier Cycle, Des Informations Sur La Santé Présentes Sur Les Sites Des Réseaux Sociaux (Srs), Maggie J. Theron, Barbara Astle, Duncan Dixon, Anne Redmond Apr 2019

Beyond Checklists: A Nursing Informatics Education Strategy For Undergraduate Nursing Students Appraising Health Information On Social Networking Sites (Sns) / Au-Delà Des Listes De Vérification : Une Stratégie De Formation Infirmière Au Numérique Pour L’Évaluation, Par Les Étudiantes De Premier Cycle, Des Informations Sur La Santé Présentes Sur Les Sites Des Réseaux Sociaux (Srs), Maggie J. Theron, Barbara Astle, Duncan Dixon, Anne Redmond

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Increasingly internet social networking sites are used in healthcare to support, communicate and offer information platforms between healthcare providers, users, and the public. Undergraduate nursing students draw on various sources of evidence to inform best-practice decisions in collaboration with patients and the healthcare team. Student or patient-initiated access of information from social networking sites necessitates high levels of informatics literacy. While students may reveal adept social networking site navigation skills, their capacity to appraise and apply information from these sites to their nursing practice, in ways that demonstrate informatics competence, requires further exploration. The purpose of this education project was ...


Clinical Reasoning On An Assignment: Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions / Raisonnement Clinique À Partir D’Un Travail Écrit : La Perception D’ Étudiantes Au Baccalauréat En Sciences Infirmières, Karen Oostra, Barbara Astle, Heather Meyerhoff Apr 2019

Clinical Reasoning On An Assignment: Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Perceptions / Raisonnement Clinique À Partir D’Un Travail Écrit : La Perception D’ Étudiantes Au Baccalauréat En Sciences Infirmières, Karen Oostra, Barbara Astle, Heather Meyerhoff

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Baccalaureate nursing students must develop strong clinical reasoning skills to make sound clinical judgments regarding patient care. The purpose of this Interpretive Descriptive qualitative study was to explore how students understand the evolution and application of their own clinical reasoning skills. Eight nursing students were interviewed about their perceptions regarding the use of clinical reasoning skills on a written, patient scenario based assignment. An overarching theme of Over Time emerged along with two themes: Understanding of Clinical Reasoning and Making Sense of the Assignment. Sub-themes were identified as not knowing, knowing, applying knowing and valuing knowing. Students understood their clinical ...


Near Peer Learning To Facilitate Nursing Students’ First Medical Surgical Clinical Experience / Apprentissage Par Les Pairs Proches De Manière À Faciliter Les Premières Expériences Cliniques En Médecine Et Chirurgie Pour Les Étudiantes En Sciences Infirmières, Patricia Alfaro, Vanessa Di Criscio, Sandie Larouche, Margaret A. Purden, Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky Apr 2019

Near Peer Learning To Facilitate Nursing Students’ First Medical Surgical Clinical Experience / Apprentissage Par Les Pairs Proches De Manière À Faciliter Les Premières Expériences Cliniques En Médecine Et Chirurgie Pour Les Étudiantes En Sciences Infirmières, Patricia Alfaro, Vanessa Di Criscio, Sandie Larouche, Margaret A. Purden, Alexander Sasha Dubrovsky

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

Introduction and Background: Ensuring an appropriate clinical experience for students is becoming more challenging in the context of a global nursing shortage, more acutely ill clientele, and limited numbers of educators, academics and clinical instructors. Near Peer Learning Activities (NPLA) have been shown to be effective and may help students to feel prepared and confident to begin the clinical rotation. This study explored nursing students’ experiences in their first medical-surgical practicum following a NPLA involving Health and Physical Assessment (HPA). Methods: Educators at one Canadian University recently designed and implemented a NPLA in the clinical setting where junior nursing students ...


Canadian Nursing Students’ Experiences With Medical Assistance In Dying / Les Expériences D’Étudiantes En Sciences Infirmières Au Regard De L’Aide Médicale À Mourir, Cedar Mcmechan, Anne Bruce, Rosanne Beuthin Apr 2019

Canadian Nursing Students’ Experiences With Medical Assistance In Dying / Les Expériences D’Étudiantes En Sciences Infirmières Au Regard De L’Aide Médicale À Mourir, Cedar Mcmechan, Anne Bruce, Rosanne Beuthin

Quality Advancement in Nursing Education - Avancées en formation infirmière

The recent introduction of medical assistance in dying (MAiD) has significant implications for healthcare workers, nurse educators, and society at large. Nursing students are being asked to participate directly or indirectly with a medically assisted death. Little is known about nursing students’ experiences with or attitudes toward MAiD in Canada.The purpose of this study was to explore the experiences of fourth-year nursing students in caring for patients who choose MAiD. The aim was to understand students’ perceptions of their educational preparation regarding MAiD and identify potential gaps in existing knowledge and skills. A qualitative design and thematic analysis were ...


Utilization Of Media-Driven Technology For Health Promotion And Risk Reduction Among American Indian And Alaska Native Young Adults: An Exploratory Study, Todd M. Sabato Apr 2019

Utilization Of Media-Driven Technology For Health Promotion And Risk Reduction Among American Indian And Alaska Native Young Adults: An Exploratory Study, Todd M. Sabato

Journal of Health Disparities Research and Practice

Across the developmental spectrum, American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) adolescents and young adults experience considerable behavioral and mental health disparities, including substance abuse, depression, and engagement in sexual behaviors which enhance risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Health-focused interventions utilizing digital and media technology hold significant promise among tribal communities, as they have the capacity to eliminate geography-based barriers. Utilizing a sample of 210 self-identified AI/AN students attending tribal colleges, this study identified the most effective technologies and intervention strategies, as well as health seeking patterns and preferences, which may impact implementation and sustainable use in ...


An Occupational Therapy-Based Supported Education Program For University Students With Various Dsm-5 Diagnoses: Program Description And Academic Outcomes, Victoria Schindler Apr 2019

An Occupational Therapy-Based Supported Education Program For University Students With Various Dsm-5 Diagnoses: Program Description And Academic Outcomes, Victoria Schindler

The Open Journal of Occupational Therapy

Background: This article describes and provides academic outcomes for an occupational therapy-based supported education program developed to assist undergraduate students with various DSM-5 diagnoses with the academic, social, and psychological skills important for college.

Method: A detailed program description and illustrative example of the intervention is provided. Quantitative designs were used to report retention, graduation, and GPA and to calculate changes in mean cumulative GPA.

Results: Of 83 students who started the program, 80 completed at least one semester (96%). Of these 80, 62 (77.5%) continued at the university for a retention rate of 77.5%, and 43 of ...


An Investigation Of Entry Level Doctor Of Physical Therapy Student Perspectives Of Peer Evaluation, Dawn James, Natalie Weeks-O'Neal, Jennyfer Oh, Teressa Brown Mar 2019

An Investigation Of Entry Level Doctor Of Physical Therapy Student Perspectives Of Peer Evaluation, Dawn James, Natalie Weeks-O'Neal, Jennyfer Oh, Teressa Brown

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: To describe the perceptions of peer evaluation as an instructional method when used by entry-level doctor of physical therapy (DPT) students as preparation for practical examinations within a clinically oriented course.

Methods/Description: Forty first year, entry-level doctor of physical therapy students participated in structured peer-skills checks prior to practical exams as part a clinically based course. Each student was required to observe and provide critical feedback for at least four other students as they performed simulated patient care activities. Peer-evaluators rated the students on their level of competency with the skills using a Visual Analog Scale and provided ...


Feasibility Of Conducting Research In A Student Physiotherapy Clinic In Australia: A Pilot Study, Scott Buckerfield, Felicity Braithwaite, Julie Walters, Maureen P. Mcevoy Mar 2019

Feasibility Of Conducting Research In A Student Physiotherapy Clinic In Australia: A Pilot Study, Scott Buckerfield, Felicity Braithwaite, Julie Walters, Maureen P. Mcevoy

Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences and Practice

Purpose: Allied health student clinics are growing in number and scope, providing a potential untapped avenue for clinical research. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the feasibility of conducting a longitudinal research study over four sessions in a student physiotherapy clinic under the supervision of registered physiotherapists as clinical educators.

Method: This feasibility study gathered data on recruitment in a designated time period, attendance rates and adherence of participants to the treatment, with evaluation also of the acceptability of the entire protocol to participants (patients, students, clinical educators) and to the research team.

Results: Data were collected ...


The Educational Impact Of Web-Based Platforms For Therapeutic Radiology In Sub-Saharan Africa, Omoruyi Irabor, William Swanson, Oluwadamilola Temilade Oladeru, Mahvir Karim, Thomas A. Winningham, Ahmed Elzawawy, Wilfred F. Ngwa Mar 2019

The Educational Impact Of Web-Based Platforms For Therapeutic Radiology In Sub-Saharan Africa, Omoruyi Irabor, William Swanson, Oluwadamilola Temilade Oladeru, Mahvir Karim, Thomas A. Winningham, Ahmed Elzawawy, Wilfred F. Ngwa

Journal of Global Radiology

Purpose: This study explores the effectiveness of remote contouring training for therapeutic radiology in three Sub-Saharan African countries (Nigeria, Tanzania, Cameroon) using a web-based platform (ProKnow).

Methods and Materials: A 2-hour real-time video didactic lecture and demonstration of the left parotid tumor contouring on axial CT images was delivered using the ProKnow system and a video conferencing software. Participants were granted week-long access to practice contouring of the left parotid volume after the session. Effectiveness of the remote training was evaluated with a self-assessment questionnaire administered before and after the training. Areas of competence assessed included: (i) ability to identify ...


Reasons For Vaccine Declination In Healthy Individuals Attending An International Vaccine And Travel Clinic, Timothy L. Wiemken, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth M. Carrico Mar 2019

Reasons For Vaccine Declination In Healthy Individuals Attending An International Vaccine And Travel Clinic, Timothy L. Wiemken, Julio A. Ramirez, Ruth M. Carrico

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Little is known about the vaccine-related health behaviors of healthy individuals. We surveyed healthy individuals attending a vaccine center to define the reasons behind vaccine declination when the vaccine is warranted under current guidance. Declination due to perceived risks of the vaccines were by far the most common rationale, suggesting continued need for public health educational campaigns.


Treating Latent Tuberculosis Infection In Newly Arriving Refugees: An Advanced Practice Nurse Initiative At The University Of Louisville Global Health Center, Linda Goss, Dawn Balcom, Karen Mutsch, Ruth Carrico, Rahel Bosson Mar 2019

Treating Latent Tuberculosis Infection In Newly Arriving Refugees: An Advanced Practice Nurse Initiative At The University Of Louisville Global Health Center, Linda Goss, Dawn Balcom, Karen Mutsch, Ruth Carrico, Rahel Bosson

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Background: A review of newly arriving refugees referred to the local health department for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) treatment during 2013-2015 revealed a treatment gap of 73%, supporting the need to identify new approaches to treat vulnerable populations and mirrored results in the literature.

Objectives: 1) Describe an advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) led alternative approach to LTBI treatment in the refugee population; and 2) evaluate the impact of a 12-week regimen for LTBI on treatment acceptance, adherence and completion.

Methods: During the initial health screening visit, treatment options were provided for those identified with LTBI consisting of either a ...


Editorial: Presenting The Proceedings Of The 6th Symposium Of The Society For Evolutionary Medicine And Health (Emg), Rainer J. Klement, Klaus Steger Mar 2019

Editorial: Presenting The Proceedings Of The 6th Symposium Of The Society For Evolutionary Medicine And Health (Emg), Rainer J. Klement, Klaus Steger

Journal of Evolution and Health

No abstract provided.


Cardiorespiratory Responses To Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Garant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, Leo Joseph D'Acquisto Mar 2019

Cardiorespiratory Responses To Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Garant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, Leo Joseph D'Acquisto

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This investigation examined physiological responses to shallow water exercise (SWE) and to a high-intensity interval SWE workout (HIISWE) in males (M, n=9) and females (F, n=9). Participants performed 5 X 5 min. SWE bouts (bts.) at ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) 9, 11, 13, 15 and 17 (Borg scale) and a maximal bout of SWE with metabolic, heart rate (HR), and blood lactate (BLa) responses monitored. The same measurements were performed during HIISWE (4 X 4-min bts., alternating 20-s “all-out” and 10-s rest). Peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2) and BLa were greater in M (3.6 ± 0 ...


Validation Of A New Incremental Swim Test As A Tool For Maximum Oxygen Uptake Analysis In Lifeguards, Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez Mar 2019

Validation Of A New Incremental Swim Test As A Tool For Maximum Oxygen Uptake Analysis In Lifeguards, Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This study was designed to validate an incremental test predicting maximum oxygen uptake for lifeguards. A maximum incremental test was performed in the laboratory (i.e., treadmill run) and in the pool (i.e., swim) by 10 certified lifeguards. The values of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2Max), maximum heart rate (HRMax), and lactate (LaMax) achieved during both tests were analyzed. The VO2Max (0.87, p =.001), HRmax (0.85, p = .002) and LaMax (0.67, p


Multistate Hepatitis A Outbreak: Vaccination Of Food Service Workers As Part Of The Kentucky Outbreak Response, Ruth M. Carrico, Dawn Balcom, Delanor Mason, Audria G. Denker, Alyson Holland, Kimberley A. Buckner, Stephen P. Furmanek, Wesley Trail Mar 2019

Multistate Hepatitis A Outbreak: Vaccination Of Food Service Workers As Part Of The Kentucky Outbreak Response, Ruth M. Carrico, Dawn Balcom, Delanor Mason, Audria G. Denker, Alyson Holland, Kimberley A. Buckner, Stephen P. Furmanek, Wesley Trail

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Background: In August 2017, a local outbreak of Hepatitis A was identified among homeless individuals in Louisville, Kentucky. This marked the first cases in what has now become recognized as the largest Hepatitis A outbreak in the US. When infection was identified in a Food Service Worker (FSW), vaccination efforts were expanded to target this group.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe: 1) the processes used to provide access to Hepatitis A vaccine for FSWs, 2) results from the immunization activities, and 3) lessons learned from the outcomes.

Methods: Through a partnership between the Louisville Metro Department ...


Mucormycosis - Dual Therapy With Prolonged Survival, Maydelin Pecchio, Yariela Osabio, Yariela Morales, Forest W. Arnold Mar 2019

Mucormycosis - Dual Therapy With Prolonged Survival, Maydelin Pecchio, Yariela Osabio, Yariela Morales, Forest W. Arnold

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Mucorales fungal infection is a fungal disease with potentially fatal outcomes. The most frequent involvement in humans comes from the orders known as Mucorales and Entomophthorales. Mucorales is more acute and has a predilection for immunocompromised patients. Mucorales are associated with an affinity for vessels, which leads to invasion and infarction of tissue. Mucormycosis is a devastating complication that can be a life threatening fungal invasion in many patients in an immunocompromised state.


Intestinal Parasite Burden And Pre-Departure Treatment Compliance In Kentucky Refugee Children: A Descriptive Study, Collin Russell, Annie H. Rominger Mar 2019

Intestinal Parasite Burden And Pre-Departure Treatment Compliance In Kentucky Refugee Children: A Descriptive Study, Collin Russell, Annie H. Rominger

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Objective: Children are 1/2 of the world’s refugees and often have intestinal parasites. This study seeks to determine the intestinal burden and pre-departure treatment of Kentucky pediatric refugees.

Methods: This is a chart review of Kentucky pediatric refugee health screening data from 2012-2017. Stool culture results from children arriving through refugee camps were compared to non-camp children. They were placed into 3 regional groups and analyzed based on CDC pre-departure treatment recommendations.

Results: Of the 3,199 records, 1,653 had stool testing. 354 (51%) refugee camp children tested positive compared to 326 (33.9%) non-camp children. Giardia ...


Letter From The Editor-In-Chief: Journal Of Refugee & Global Health Volume 2 Issue 1, Ruth Carrico Mar 2019

Letter From The Editor-In-Chief: Journal Of Refugee & Global Health Volume 2 Issue 1, Ruth Carrico

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

No abstract provided.


Unintentional Bathtub Drowning Deaths Among Those Aged 65 Years And Older In Australia, Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin, John H. Pearn M.D., Alison J. Mahony Feb 2019

Unintentional Bathtub Drowning Deaths Among Those Aged 65 Years And Older In Australia, Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin, John H. Pearn M.D., Alison J. Mahony

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

When compared with other age groups, fatal drowning rates among seniors have stayed static. This study identifies causal factors in unintentional bathtub drowning deaths among people aged 65 years and over. This study is a 10-year (2003-2012) total population retrospective survey of all unintentional bathtub (baths, spa baths and showers) drowning deaths afflicting people aged 65 years and over. Data were sourced from the Australian National Coronial Information System. Risk factors and circumstantial variables were analysed including sex, age, activity prior to drowning, alcohol, drugs, pre-existing medical conditions, living circumstances, time until found, and performance of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). There ...


Self-Agency And Swimming: Letting Babies Be Your Teachers, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D. Feb 2019

Self-Agency And Swimming: Letting Babies Be Your Teachers, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Young children learning to swim should be afforded the freedom to choose for themselves whether they submerge, float, or have their arms and legs manipulated.


Comparing Vascular Deficiency Between Caucasian And Hispanic Metabolic Syndrome Women, Lorenzo Juarez, Jerene Yazzie, Andi Johnson, Abraham Gomez, Klaudia Szych, Ariel Gomez, Matthew A. Barlow Phd Feb 2019

Comparing Vascular Deficiency Between Caucasian And Hispanic Metabolic Syndrome Women, Lorenzo Juarez, Jerene Yazzie, Andi Johnson, Abraham Gomez, Klaudia Szych, Ariel Gomez, Matthew A. Barlow Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the leading causes of death in the United States especially in Hispanics. People with Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) generally have high blood pressure, excess body fat and fasting glucose and abnormal cholesterol. We evaluated Hispanic (HS) and Caucasian (CA) women diagnosed with MetSyn in New Mexico and sedentary control with an initial screening and vascular measurements. Previous work from our lab indicated significant deficiencies between the control and MetSyn women in the measurements of the vascular mechanisms of developing deficits associated with the metabolic deficiencies. We aimed to identify if the health disparate HS population ...


Patellofemoral Syndrome, Prystyn M. Covington Feb 2019

Patellofemoral Syndrome, Prystyn M. Covington

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

CLINICAL PRESENTATION & EXAM: Patellofemoral syndrome is an aching pain at the front of the knee and is common in athletes. Patellofemoral syndrome occurs due to many factors such as overuse (repetitive stress on the knee), trauma to the knee, surgery, and weak muscles. Surgery to the knee using the patellar tendon as a graft to fix the anterior cruciate ligament greatly increases the risk of pain. Many factors play a role in increasing the risk of developing patellofemoral syndrome such as sports, age, and gender. Most people who develop patellofemoral syndrome tend to be adolescents or young adults. Older people ...


Fluctuations In Blood Biomarkers Of Head Trauma In Ncaa Men’S Soccer Athletes Over The Course Of A Season, Javier A. Zaragoza, Andreas Kreutzer, Jonathan Oliver, Anthony Joseph Anzalone, Tori Conger, David A. Julovich, James Hall, Sid O'Bryant, Stacie Urbina, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv Feb 2019

Fluctuations In Blood Biomarkers Of Head Trauma In Ncaa Men’S Soccer Athletes Over The Course Of A Season, Javier A. Zaragoza, Andreas Kreutzer, Jonathan Oliver, Anthony Joseph Anzalone, Tori Conger, David A. Julovich, James Hall, Sid O'Bryant, Stacie Urbina, Lemuel W. Taylor Iv

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Repetitive subconcussive impacts to the head are commonplace in soccer. The ability to detect the extent of neurological injury due to these impacts over the course of a season is paramount. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study was to examine alterations in blood biomarkers of head injury over the course of a soccer season. METHODS: Sixteen National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) male soccer athletes participated in weekly blood sampling throughout an 18-week season. Athlete statistics were received from the coaches post-season. Serum samples were stored at -80°C until analysis for Tau and Neurofilament Light polypeptide (NFL) using a ...


Attitudes And Re-Enrollment Intentions To Participate In Youth Soccer Among Parents, Coaches, And Players In Central Texas, Ashleigh Johnson, Anna Wilkinson, Harold W. Kohl Iii Feb 2019

Attitudes And Re-Enrollment Intentions To Participate In Youth Soccer Among Parents, Coaches, And Players In Central Texas, Ashleigh Johnson, Anna Wilkinson, Harold W. Kohl Iii

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Physical activity in youth declines with age, which may be due in part to decreased sports participation. However, few studies include perspectives from parents/coaches as well as players when examining reasons for participation and dropout from organized sports such as soccer. PURPOSE: To describe and compare soccer-related attitudes and intention to re-enroll among parents/legal guardians, coaches, and players at a youth soccer program in Central Texas. METHODS: Parents (n=152), coaches (n=55), and players (n=28) completed an online survey in November-December 2018. Participants were eligible if they 1) coached and/or had children aged 10-17 years ...


The Efficacy Of Wristband Activity Trackers During Vigorous Exercise, Jessica Mcdowell, Alexandrea Swize, Jenna Gerber, Reilly Avalos, Kyle Reinen, Shelly Weise Feb 2019

The Efficacy Of Wristband Activity Trackers During Vigorous Exercise, Jessica Mcdowell, Alexandrea Swize, Jenna Gerber, Reilly Avalos, Kyle Reinen, Shelly Weise

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Patients and clinicians rely on activity trackers to monitor heart rate, calorie expenditure, and steps during training and interventions. However, the efficacy of activity trackers during vigorous exercise, is not widely studied. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare the effectiveness of activity trackers during vigorous activity. METHODS: Nineteen participants completed twenty minutes of vigorous intensity exercise by running or incline walking on a treadmill. Measurement devices worn during the testing period included two wristband activity trackers (Garmin (G) Forerunner 735xt™ and Fitbit (F) Surge™) and industry standard devices: a pedometer(P), Polar™ HR Chest Strap and Cosmed ...


Dynamic Graded Muscle Exercise In Sedentary Metabolic Syndrome Women; Effects On Cardiac Workload, Abraham Gomez, Lorenzo Juarez, Ariel Gomez, Klaudia Szych, Andi Johnson, Jerene Yazzie, Matthew A. Barlow Phd Feb 2019

Dynamic Graded Muscle Exercise In Sedentary Metabolic Syndrome Women; Effects On Cardiac Workload, Abraham Gomez, Lorenzo Juarez, Ariel Gomez, Klaudia Szych, Andi Johnson, Jerene Yazzie, Matthew A. Barlow Phd

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) individuals presented declining sensitivity to insulin (p=.0201) as calculated by insulin sensitivity index (ISI-60) measurement. The young women categorized as MetSyn were previously found to have significantly lower (ISI-60) from healthy controls (Gomez, 2018), and had higher percent body fat (p< .05), diminished HDL (p< .05), and higher expenditure of Kcals (p=.04) compared to controls as measured by 7 day accelerometer. Cardiovascular modification is hypothesized to involve progressive dysfunction of the insulin mediated AKT/PKB eNOS pathway. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify if daily sedentary activity is associated with myocardial workload in the development of the metabolic disorder. We hypothesized metabolic syndrome individuals Rate Pressure Product (RPP) would be at elevated at rest and through various workloads of small muscle exercise. METHODS: We compared daily activity to heart ...


The Effect Of Personality And Motivation On Athletic Performance, Erika R. Dubros Feb 2019

The Effect Of Personality And Motivation On Athletic Performance, Erika R. Dubros

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Motivation is key for athletes to perform at their peak performance. However, not all individuals are motivated in the same way. PURPOSE: The purpose of the current study is to determine the effect of participant’s personality traits and applied intrinsic and extrinsic motivation on the performance of a high intensity and low intensity physical task. METHODS: Fourteen participants (8 women, 6 men), with a mean (sd) age of 20.14 (0.91) yrs, completed the Ten-Item Personality Inventory to determine personality types (neuroticism, conscientiousness). Participants then performed in a random order, a high intensity physical activity (pacer test) and ...


Cardiorespiratory Responses During Body Weight Supported Treadmill Exercise, Shana John, Callie Sun, Kyle D. Biggerstaff Feb 2019

Cardiorespiratory Responses During Body Weight Supported Treadmill Exercise, Shana John, Callie Sun, Kyle D. Biggerstaff

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Treadmills which partially support body weight (BWST) are increasingly used to allow weight bearing treadmill exercise to be performed during rehabilitation. PURPOSE: This investigation determined cardiorespiratory responses during BWST exercise. METHODS: Participants (n=15; age=22.1±2.1yrs; BMI=27.4±5.9kg/m2) volunteered to perform two bouts of treadmill walking on a standard treadmill (ST) and a BWST with 25% of body weight supported by the BWST. Each trial consisted of three 6 minute stages at 2.8mph and 2%, 5%, and 8% grade with a two minute warm-up and cool-down at 2.0 mph and ...


Do Implantable, Progestin Only Contraceptives Alter The Bone Response To Unloading?, Ximena S. Vargas, Heather Cm Allaway, Sarah Little, Susan Bloomfield Feb 2019

Do Implantable, Progestin Only Contraceptives Alter The Bone Response To Unloading?, Ximena S. Vargas, Heather Cm Allaway, Sarah Little, Susan Bloomfield

International Journal of Exercise Science: Conference Proceedings

Hormonal contraception is routinely used by premenopausal women, including female astronauts, to suppress reproductive function. Long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC-progestin only) have become a common choice amongst women due to their practicality. PURPOSE: Understand the interaction of unloading and LARC on bone health. We hypothesize that the decrease in bone mineral density (BMD) and cortical thickness of the tibia associated with hindlimb unloading (HU) will be lessened by LARC implantation. METHODS: Virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats (n=26; 4-mo-old) were singly housed and randomly assigned to placebo (PL) and LARC groups, via a slow-release etonogestrel pellet (0.00 vs. 0.09 vs ...