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Full-Text Articles in Education

Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee Jan 2008

Designing A Nutritional Packaging System For End Stage Renal Disease Patients On Hemodialysis To Maintain Their Diet And Health, Min Sun Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

End Stage renal disease; or ESRD is a kidney disease that requires a strict dietary regimen in order to limit the life-threatening effects of a poor diet. This dietary regimen requires careful regulation of 8 essential nutrients: calories, proteins, sodium, phosphorous, calcium, potassium, vitamins, and minerals. This strict diet creates a number of complications in patients' lives, including malnutrition, fatigue, other diseases, and death.;The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate packaging system that provided nutritional information, was appetizing, and focused on the cognitive, affective, and emotional dietary needs of ESRD patients.;The design research for this ...


Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke Jan 2008

Process And Impact Evaluation Of The Verb Summer Scorecard Program, Travis William Hartke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There is currently a considerable public health concern about levels of inactivity in youth. This type of information has led to many state and national initiatives aimed at promoting physical activity, such as the VERB Summer Scorecard Program in Story County, Iowa where tweens (children ages 8 to 13) can complete a VERB Scorecard of physical activity by going to physically active activities and deals at businesses in the community with the outcome of earning prizes. The purpose of the study was to determine factors that influence interest and involvement in the VERB summer scorecard program. To do this, a ...


Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke Jan 2008

Pre- And Post-Admission Criteria As Predictors Of Academic Success In An Associate Degree Nursing Program, Nancy Lee Conzett Muecke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early identification of predictors of academic success or challenges assists faculty and staff in providing effective support to those who may need it. This study examined the relationship between selected pre- and post-admission criteria and two measures of academic success: successful completion of an associate degree registered nursing program (ADN), and first-attempt success on the National Council Licensing Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The subjects were 404 students enrolled in the nursing program between 1998 and 2005. The nursing program was located at a small, private, health-system based institution in the Midwest.;There were six pre-admission independent variables and five ...


An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna Jan 2008

An Assessment Of Performance Measures In Child Nutrition Programs, Elizabeth Northway Hanna

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School Child Nutrition Program (CNP) directors are expected to operate efficient, productive, and effective meals programs (Boehrer, 1993; Decker, et al. 1992; USDA, 2008). A variety of performance measures can be used to assess CNPs' operational effectiveness. The purposes of this research were to investigate management and financial attributes perceived by foodservice directors of medium-size public school districts in the United States to impact performance measures for CNPs and investigate whether widely used standards for these performance measures, based on previous research, were relevant due to a variety of changes that had occurred in CNPs.;Two electronic questionnaires were sent ...


Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy Jan 2008

Holes In The Health Care Safety Net: An Ethnographic Study Of A Free Medical Clinic, Pamela Ann Duffy

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation is to provide insight into the patient and volunteer perspective of their experiences at free medical clinics and, from the analysis of those data, inform health professions education. Many uninsured and underserved patients use the free clinic as their medical home to manage acute and chronic conditions and as a source of prescription medications. The volunteers find their experiences to be a fulfillment of their desire to give back to their community, a way to meet an obligation of professional duty, and hold to the moral belief that they should help those in need. Feminist ...


Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver Jan 2008

Second Fiddle?: An Interpretive Study Of Followers Of Servant Leaders, Shirley Ruth Oetjen Beaver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the follower experiences of five nursing educators led by servant leaders in two institutions of higher education. One institution was a small, private, religiously-affiliated college and the other was a large public university. The data collected provided insight into the phenomenon of followership, focusing on the meaning of what it is like to be a follower who is led by a servant leader.;An interpretive research methodology was used for the qualitative study which included interviews with five nursing educators who shared their experiences of being led by a servant leader. The ...


An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades Jan 2008

An Exploration Of Perceptions Of Associate Of Science In Nursing Students Related To Transcultural Nursing Experiences, Susan Jane Woody Rhoades

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Transcultural nursing theory (Leininger, 1995) goes beyond or transcends cultural boundaries, and examining and cultivates an appreciation of human beings, their cultures, histories, and values. Assessment of values, histories, needs, and expectations assists in providing culturally competent patient care. Transcultural nursing courses are an integral part of nursing education.;The qualitative study examines perceptions of 6 Associate of Science in Nursing students related to transcultural nursing experiences in college and clinical education. This study explores what influence, if any, gender has in their experiences.;The interpretive study uses semistructured interviewing during focus group and interview meetings. The interviewer solicited responses ...


Written And Unwritten Rules: The Use Of Alcohol By Fraternities: A Study Of One College, Thomas Michael Crady Jan 2007

Written And Unwritten Rules: The Use Of Alcohol By Fraternities: A Study Of One College, Thomas Michael Crady

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The written and unwritten rules surrounding the use of alcohol by fraternities was examined at one college. Qualitative research techniques were employed to interview 29 students who were classified as independents and members of fraternities. These students were interviewed in focus groups and segregated by affiliation.;Changes were made to the College's alcohol policy just prior to the interviews. Implicit themes that emerged include: (a) social life centered around Greek Letter organization activities; (b) Greek organizations tend to dominate the campus culture; (c) members of Greek Letter organizations and independents perceive recent changes to the College's alcohol and ...


Development Of An Immersive Game-Based Virtual Reality Training Program To Teach Fire Safety Skills To Children, Emily R. Ericson Jan 2007

Development Of An Immersive Game-Based Virtual Reality Training Program To Teach Fire Safety Skills To Children, Emily R. Ericson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Injuries from residential fires are often overlooked as a dangerous safety concern for children. While lectures and classroom learning techniques can be effective in mitigating this risk, studies have shown that kids retain information better if they are allowed to practice escape techniques. Virtual Reality (VR) has been used both to simulate situations that are too dangerous to practice in real life and as a tool to help children learn. This thesis presents the two stage development of the Fire Safety Project, a game-based VR training environment to increase children's understanding of fire safety. In the first iteration students ...


Examination Of Wellness Policy Formation And Process In U.S. School Districts, Carol H. Longley Jan 2007

Examination Of Wellness Policy Formation And Process In U.S. School Districts, Carol H. Longley

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Purpose/objectives. The purpose of this study was to examine the process of wellness policy development in school districts in 21 states with all USDA regions represented. The study examined the environments in school districts that support or hinder district-wide policy development.;Method. Phase 1 studied each state's school nutrition legislative, regulations, and training to determine the environment for wellness policy development. Phase 2 consisted of 21 structured telephone interviews with school district foodservice directors in seven USDA regions to explore the process of wellness policy development in school districts.;Results. Supporting factors for the wellness policy development included ...


It Only Takes Once: Influence Of Sexual Risk Status, Social Comparison, And A Public Service Announcement On Absent-Exempt Cognitions, Michelle Leigh Stock Jan 2007

It Only Takes Once: Influence Of Sexual Risk Status, Social Comparison, And A Public Service Announcement On Absent-Exempt Cognitions, Michelle Leigh Stock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The current study is an extension of an ongoing program of research, based on the Prototype/Willingness Model (Gibbons, Gerrard, & Lane, 2003), which suggests that peer-based prevention messages may reinforce absent-exempt thinking, rather than reduce it (Stock et al., 2007). Absent-exempt thinking is the belief that if one has not experienced negative health consequences, in spite of having engaged in risky behavior, then one is unlikely to do so in the future (Weinstein, 1984, 1987). The present study provided an experimental demonstration of how social comparison prompted by a health message influences health cognitions (endorsement of absent-exempt thinking, willingness to engage in risky sex, prevalence estimates of risky sex on campus, favorability of risky sex prototypes, and perceptions of vulnerability to STDs). College students (N = 222) at either high or low risk of contracting STDs were randomly assigned to: (a) listen to a social comparison target who was a STD-positive student, despite engaging in low-risk sexual behavior (i.e., sex with one partner only a few times without a condom); (b) to hear a Public Service Announcement (PSA) that emphasized "it only takes one time" or (c) to hear no information about STDs. Participants then completed a questionnaire that assessed their risk-promoting cognitions and were then given the opportunity to read information on an STD.;It was predicted that high-risk participants in the social comparison group would report the highest levels of risk cognitions, whereas high-risk participants in the control condition would report lower levels of the risk promoting cognitions ...


Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain Jan 2005

Assessing The Relationship Between Encouragement And Social Interest: An Adlerian Perspective , Michael Patrick Mcclain

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This research utilized data from Reconnecting Youth in Iowa, a positive youth development program for at-risk students, to assess the relationship between two Adlerian psychology constructs: encouragement and social interest. Relevant survey questions utilized in outcome studies for the program were clustered into the theoretical constructs. Pearson product moment correlations revealed broad correlations between indicators of encouragement and social interest. Analysis of variance revealed there were significant difference between high, moderate, and low levels of encouragement on most social interest indicators. Implications for helping professionals and programmatic efforts are discussed.


Enhancing Empathy In Medical Students Using Flex Care Communication Training , Carla A. Stebbins Jan 2005

Enhancing Empathy In Medical Students Using Flex Care Communication Training , Carla A. Stebbins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to test the ability of an interpersonal communication program to enhance empathy within a sample of second-year osteopathic medical students. Researchers within the fields of medicine and medical education agree that empathy has a significant effect on clinical outcomes, and in improving interpersonal relationships of physicians and their patients. However, numerous studies suggest the empathy levels of medical students decline as they proceed through their training.;This study's true experimental, posttest-only control-group pilot study allowed for the comparison of posttest measures between sample groups. The experimental group treatment included exposure to a new ...


Minority Stress And The Well-Being Of Sexual Minority College Students Viewed Through The Lens Of A (Bio)Ecological Model Of Human Development , R. M. Johnson Jan 2005

Minority Stress And The Well-Being Of Sexual Minority College Students Viewed Through The Lens Of A (Bio)Ecological Model Of Human Development , R. M. Johnson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Minority stress comes from "the juxtaposition of minority and dominant values and the resultant conflict with the social environment experienced by minority group members" (Meyer, 1995, p. 39). Because minority stress is additive to general stressors that are experienced by all people, stigmatized people must accomplish an adaptation effort above that required of similar others who are not stigmatized. Using Bronfenbrenner's bioecological systems theory of human development as a guiding framework, this study explored the key environments in sexual minority college students' developmental trajectories that contributed to or buffered minority stress(ors). As the results of this study show ...


Osteopathic Medical Students' Knowledge And Perceptions Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine (Cam) , Mary Pat Wohlford-Wessels Jan 2005

Osteopathic Medical Students' Knowledge And Perceptions Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine (Cam) , Mary Pat Wohlford-Wessels

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use increases in the general population, it is critical that medical students are knowledgeable about its appropriate use and effectiveness. The purpose of this study was to describe osteopathic medical students' opinions, knowledge, perceptions, and perceived effectiveness of complementary and alternative medicine. A comprehensive review of the literature revealed only five studies of medical students. All of the studies to date included allopathic rather than osteopathic medical students.;The data were collected using a 72 item, closed format survey instrument. The survey was distributed to second year students at two osteopathic ...


Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago Jan 2005

Asian International Students' Ethnic Identity, Spirituality, Acculturation, And Experience Of Racism: Relationship With Attitude Toward Seeking Professional Therapeutic Help , Anthony D. Santiago

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The number of international students continues to grow in the United States, especially students from the Asian continent. However, research continues to show that Asian international students tend to under-use therapeutic services, even though they experience many of the common problems that all students face entering college. Before mental health practitioners and therapists can effectively work with these students, they need to understand international students in terms of their attitudes toward seeking professional therapeutic help and various proximal variables that may influence their attitudes.;The present study examined the relationship between ethnic identity, spirituality, acculturation, and racism with attitudes toward ...


Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen Jan 2005

Online Counseling: Dynamics Of Process And Assessment , Michael John Mallen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The rise in popularity and use of computer-mediated modes of communication such as email and synchronous chat have resulted in the potential for new delivery methods of mental health services. The present study investigated the dynamics of an initial counseling session held in a synchronous chat environment between therapists-in-training at various graduate programs across the country and a trained confederate posing as a client. Transcripts from the online sessions were analyzed to investigate therapist responses and interventions in the online environment. Therapists-in-training were also asked to respond to questions concerning their satisfaction with the experience, the relationship they were able ...


An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak Jan 2005

An Exploration Of The Current Involvement Of School Psychologists In Prevention Programming , Melissa Bernadine Cermak

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

School psychologists have been seeking to identify the ways in which they can have the greatest impact on the schools, students, and families they serve, while expressing a desire to decrease their involvement in the role of "gate keepers" for special education. With recent reforms in education and health care and a growing awareness of the mental health needs of children and adolescents, school psychologists have been called to expand their roles, taking greater leadership in comprehensive systems of care. Prevention, particularly primary prevention, has been identified as a key area for role expansion, along with being a cost-effective means ...


Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser Jan 2005

Concurrent Validity Of The 2004 Strong Interest Inventory: An Examination Of Gender And College Major , Courtney Elaine Gasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

To keep abreast of the advent of new occupations and majors, the 1994 Strong Interest Inventory (SII) was revised in 2004. This study examined the concurrent validity of the 2004 Strong Interest Inventory, primarily investigating the scales abilities to differentiate between different college majors for women. Discriminant analyses were used to examine the ability of the 41 scales of the SII to separate 31 college majors. Of the 41 scales, 39 scales were statistically significant in separating college majors for women. In addition, the utility of specific sets of scales and the cumulative ability of sets of SII scales to ...


A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg Jan 2004

A Comparison Of The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Type Characteristics And Demographics Between Students Enrolled In The Dmacc Health Care Administration Program And Iowa-Licensed Nursing Home Administrators , Wendy Ringgenberg

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies have identified a decline in the number of candidates sitting for the national nursing home administrator licensing exam (NAB, 2003), while other studies have recognized a decline in the number of students enrolling and completing nursing home administrator educational programs (McGinnis, 2003). This occurrence is directly in conflict with the burgeoning aging population and the anticipated 200--300% increase in nursing home use that is expected by the year 2030.;Iowa's largest nursing home administrator education program is the Health Care Administration program at Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) and serves approximately 38 students each semester. DMACC ...


Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt Jan 2004

Leadership Behaviors In Undergraduate Hospitality Management And Dietetics Students , Susan April Wohlsdorf Arendt

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Hospitality management and dietetics students, employers, and futurists have indicated that leadership skills, abilities, and qualities are important for success. Educators have stressed the importance of developing leadership skills and behaviors in students. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to assess self-reported leadership behaviors and practices of hospitality management and dietetics undergraduate students.;Leadership questionnaires, including the Student Leadership Practices Inventory developed by Posner and Brodsky, were mailed to program directors at eight universities. A total of 345 hospitality management students' questionnaires and 283 dietetics students' questionnaires were returned and analyzed. Four focus groups were conducted with hospitality management ...


A Comparative Evaluation Of Physical Activity In Home School And Public School Children , Jodee Ann Schaben Jan 2004

A Comparative Evaluation Of Physical Activity In Home School And Public School Children , Jodee Ann Schaben

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research on children's physical activity indicates that children may not be getting sufficient amounts of physical activity. Much of the research has utilized samples from public schools but little research has been done on the growing population of home school children. This series of studies examines the relationship among the psychosocial correlates of physical activity (Attraction to PA, Perceived Competence, and Parental Influence) between home school and public school children, and their levels and patterns of physical activity. Trends were found for the psychosocial correlates of physical activity, with public school children scoring higher on all three measures than ...


American Indians And Chemical Dependency , Cecil Raymond White Hat Jan 2003

American Indians And Chemical Dependency , Cecil Raymond White Hat

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As we go into the new millennium, there is renewed hope among American Indians for a better life. However, in viewing the statistics regarding American Indians and chemical dependency, we realize the situation is not improving. In fact, American Indians enter chemical dependency treatment at a disproportionately higher rate than the general population. This study utilizes qualitative research as well as culturally appropriate research methodology to examine how chemical dependency came to the Oyate (people). It will examine the relationship between the unacceptable high rates of alcoholism in Indian Country and federal Indian policy. It will look at the human ...


Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell Jan 2002

Adding The Role Of Student Nurse: Perspectives From Women With Multiple Roles , Carol J. Maxwell

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Nursing students enter the community college setting with multiple and different roles, and continue to fulfill the responsibilities associated with those roles. This descriptive study attempted to assess the nursing students' understanding of their roles, and the barriers and resources they encountered as they fulfilled their roles or delegated the responsibilities associated with those roles to family and friends. Interviews were conducted with six community college nursing students filling the roles of parent, partner, worker, and student. Roles are discussed as well as role conflict and barriers to role fulfillment, and responsibility delegation is explored. In addition, the importance of ...


Relationships Between Accreditation Affiliation, Definitions, And Tools Used To Assess Critical Thinking As A Learning Outcome In Schools Of Nursing , Joan Mccleish Jan 2002

Relationships Between Accreditation Affiliation, Definitions, And Tools Used To Assess Critical Thinking As A Learning Outcome In Schools Of Nursing , Joan Mccleish

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Critical thinking is an expected learning outcome for baccalaureate nursing students. Previous studies regarding critical thinking have shown mixed results related to growth over time in critical thinking abilities, and a lack of consensus among nurse educators regarding the definition of critical thinking. Also, in the past, NLNAC has been the sole accreditor of baccalaureate nursing programs; therefore, no previous studies have related aspects of critical thinking to accreditation affiliation.;The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of definitions of critical thinking and the use of critical thinking measurement tools with accreditation affiliation in baccalaureate nursing programs ...


Identifying Competencies For Effective Osteopathic Physicians In The 21st Century , Shirley A. Walrod Jan 2002

Identifying Competencies For Effective Osteopathic Physicians In The 21st Century , Shirley A. Walrod

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Osteopathic medicine, founded in 1874, is currently taught at 19 colleges of osteopathic medicine in the United States accredited by the American Osteopathic Association (AOA). Over the past half-century, there have been few changes in osteopathic medical curriculum. As a result of new responsibilities of the primary care practitioner and changes in the physician-patient role because of managed care and social and economic issues, demands for reform in medical education have increased. Innovations in technology for teaching and learning as well as diagnosis and treatment have demanded significant changes in education and practice. New research-based knowledge has also added considerably ...


The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema Jan 2001

The Preparation Of Pastors In Premarital Counseling , Jeffrey Karl Buikema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Historically, clergy have been the primary providers of premarital counseling (PMC). Over the past 50 years, limited research has been focused on the preparation needs of pastors in PMC. When asked, they claimed to feel inadequate as PMC providers. They cited inadequate seminary education as the reason (Babb, 1992; Buikema, 1999; Ipes, 1982; Loskot, 1993; Stahmann & Hiebert, 1997).;The purpose of this qualitative research study was to examine the "lived experience" of pastors and their PMC ring needs by seeking their direct input. Twelve interviews were conducted. The researcher developed a 10-question protocol based on his previous research on PMC (Buikema, 1999 ...


The Professional Socialization Of Graduating Students In Generic And Two-Plus-Two Baccalaureate Completion Nursing Programs , Connie Lynn Clark Jan 2001

The Professional Socialization Of Graduating Students In Generic And Two-Plus-Two Baccalaureate Completion Nursing Programs , Connie Lynn Clark

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Health care in the United States has experienced rapid and dramatic changes in the last decade. Changes within the health care system have resulted in major transitions within the profession of nursing. This nonexperimental, descriptive study explored the professional socialization of graduating students of two-plus two baccalaureate completion nursing programs as compared with the professional socialization of graduating students of generic baccalaureate programs. The difference in professional role socialization between students from the two basic RN education programs prior to BSN completion was also explored.;The study explored the relationship between professional role socialization and age, and for the baccalaureate ...


Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund Jan 2001

Training Teachers To Give Effective Commands: Effects On Student Compliance, Academic Engagement, And Academic Responding , Andrea Renee Starkweather-Lund

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The present study, using a multiple baseline design across subjects, evaluated whether training teachers to give effective commands alone and in combination with verbal praise for appropriate classroom behavior and compliance would result in increased compliance, academic engagement and academic responding. Results indicate that increasing effective teacher commands resulted in increased rates of student compliance of 7% for Student one, 15% for Student Two, and 17% for Student Three during the effective commands alone phase of the study. Total compliance was increased over baseline 17% for Student One, 28% for Student Two, and 23% for Student Three across all phases ...


Hostage To Outcome Based Education: A Case Study Of A Superintendent's Stress And Suicide , Leonard Victor Larsen Jan 2000

Hostage To Outcome Based Education: A Case Study Of A Superintendent's Stress And Suicide , Leonard Victor Larsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this investigation was to increase the understanding of the dynamics of administrative negative stress on a school superintendent. This case study focused on Philip Derts (pseudonyms are employed), a superintendent supporting Outcome Based Education in the Black Rock School District during the early 1990s, and the challenges he encountered through community opposition to OBE. Derts suffered due to his internal conflict between his religious beliefs and educational beliefs and committed suicide;A qualitative narrative emerged from the data gathered from extensive court records, documents, and interviews. A timeline served as a chronological summary of the events described ...