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Full-Text Articles in Education

Mental Health And Resource Utilization Among Underrepresented Students Transitioning To College, Yoojin Kook Apr 2018

Mental Health And Resource Utilization Among Underrepresented Students Transitioning To College, Yoojin Kook

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Underrepresented college students – including first-generation college students, students from lower-income backgrounds, and minority students – have lower rates of college completion (Fitzgerald & Delaney, 2002; Engle & Tinto, 2008; Choy, 2001). One set of factors that could play an important role in lower rates of college persistence for these students might involve higher rates of emotional distress, coupled with greater barriers to utilizing mental healthcare resources on campus (Andrews & Wilding, 2004; Eisenberg, Golberstein, & Hunt, 2009). The current study followed 59 underrepresented students (UR; 53 racial/ethnic minority; 12 immigrants; 20 first-generation; 23 low-income) and 62 non-underrepresented students (NR) during their first semester at a medium-sized, public southeastern university to compare rates of mental health problems, as well as stigma ...


Building A Consensus On The Professional Dispositions Of Counseling Students: A Content Analysis On Counseling Student Retention Policies, Jeffrey Kyle Christensen Jan 2015

Building A Consensus On The Professional Dispositions Of Counseling Students: A Content Analysis On Counseling Student Retention Policies, Jeffrey Kyle Christensen

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Conceptualizations Of Substance Use, Abuse, Dependence, And Treatment: A Qualitative Comparison Of Experiences Of Italian And American Counselors-In-Training, Amy Elizabeth Williams Nov 2014

Conceptualizations Of Substance Use, Abuse, Dependence, And Treatment: A Qualitative Comparison Of Experiences Of Italian And American Counselors-In-Training, Amy Elizabeth Williams

The William & Mary Educational Review

The present study is a qualitative exploration of the conceptualizations of substance use, abuse, dependence, and treatment from the perspectives of Italian and American counselors-in-training. The researcher conducted semi- structured interviews with two Italian and two American graduate-level counseling students. Thematic elements identified based upon collected data include differential attitudes toward alcohol and marijuana compared to illicit drug use in both Italy and the United States, consequences experienced as a result of problematic substance use, and the impact of stigma on opportunities following treatment. Differences in treatment practices and standards and differences in vocational opportunities following treatment in Italy and ...


Jumping Off The Couch: Infusing Creativity Into Counselor Education, Christopher Lawrence Jan 2012

Jumping Off The Couch: Infusing Creativity Into Counselor Education, Christopher Lawrence

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study infused key elements of creativity into the process of counselor education, exposing students in a counseling skills and techniques course to a curriculum designed to promote tolerance for ambiguity, appropriate risk-taking behaviors, and improvisational skills. Employing a phenomenological strategy of inquiry, the researcher sought to explore the ways the participants made sense of their experience in the course, as well as the ways the experience informed their perspective of counseling and the role of a counselor. Participants recognized counseling as a profession replete with ambiguity and rife with personal and relational challenges. They came to appreciate a clinician ...


Who Flourishes In College? Using Positive Psychology And Student Involvement Theory To Explore Mental Health Among Traditionally Aged Undergraduates, Virginia Miller Ambler Jan 2006

Who Flourishes In College? Using Positive Psychology And Student Involvement Theory To Explore Mental Health Among Traditionally Aged Undergraduates, Virginia Miller Ambler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between undergraduate students' mental health and their engagement in the educational experience. The researcher identified traditionally-aged college students (18-23) who were flourishing and distinguished them from students who were moderately mentally healthy and/or languishing according to Keyes' (2002) continuum of mental health model. Mental health was the dependent variable. Student involvement was defined as the extent to which students engage in empirically derived good educational practices as measured by the National Survey of Student Engagement's College Student Report (2005). The five benchmark measures of student engagement were independent ...


The Relationship Between Conceptual Level And Moral Development Of Substance Abuse Prevention Professionals Working In Higher Education And Their Comprehensiveness Of Programming, Mary Katherine Crozier Jan 2001

The Relationship Between Conceptual Level And Moral Development Of Substance Abuse Prevention Professionals Working In Higher Education And Their Comprehensiveness Of Programming, Mary Katherine Crozier

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs are prevalent on American college and university campuses. The higher education literature is replete with research on prevalence rates (Presley, Meilman, and Cashin, 1998; Wechsler, Lee, Kuo, and Lee, 2000), substance abuse prevention theories (Gonzales, 1994), history of substance abuse prevention (O'Bryan and Daughtery, 1992), and descriptions of prevention programming (anderson and Milgram, 1996; Mills-Novoa, 1994). There is, however, little research on the substance abuse prevention professionals who are charged with developing and offering prevention programming in higher education.;This study is one of the first to examine the substance abuse prevention professional in ...


The Relationship Among Registered Nurse's Years Of Experience, Credentials, Work Location, Completed Non-Required Continuing Education Hours, Moral Development And Conceptual Level, Agatha Custodio Dado Parks Jan 1999

The Relationship Among Registered Nurse's Years Of Experience, Credentials, Work Location, Completed Non-Required Continuing Education Hours, Moral Development And Conceptual Level, Agatha Custodio Dado Parks

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Limited research has been done regarding the relationship among registered nurses years of experience, credentials, work location, completed non-required continuing education hours, moral development, and conceptual level. This study's theoretical framework is based on the cognitive-developmental theory domains of moral and conceptual development. A descriptive and correlational research design was used to discover the relationship between variables. One hundred registered nurses were selected from a hospital in southeastern Virginia. Participants completed a general questionnaire, Defining Issues Test-2 and the Paragraph Completion Method. Findings resulted in failing to reject the null hypotheses. There was no statistically significant correlation among the ...


Empirical Foundations: The Core Competencies Of Registered Nurse Graduates, Bennie Lee Davis Marshall Jan 1999

Empirical Foundations: The Core Competencies Of Registered Nurse Graduates, Bennie Lee Davis Marshall

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Rising health care costs, introduction of new technologies, changing societal demographics and changes in reimbursement policies and practices are some of the forces creating an urgent need for a more efficient and effective health care delivery system. With the growth of managed care and the delivery of health care increasingly in community-based settings, the roles and responsibilities of health care personnel, especially nurses are also changing.;The purpose of this descriptive study was to identify the knowledge, skills, and abilities graduates of basic nursing education programs need, upon entry to practice, to function across work settings. Nursing staff, nurse executives ...


Examination Of A Stress Process Model In People Living With Aids/Hiv, Bret Morgan Sawyer Jan 1999

Examination Of A Stress Process Model In People Living With Aids/Hiv, Bret Morgan Sawyer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This survey research examined a stress process model (A-B-C) in People Living With AIDS and/or HIV (PLWAs) with point "A" representing stressful life events, point "B" the PLWAs' psychological make-up, and point "C" the emotional consequences. Point "A" was assessed by the HIV-stressor scale which yielded two results: (1) number of stressors experienced, and (2) the PLWAs' perception of how stressful each event was for them. Point "B" was assessed by measuring two constructs: (1) Sense of Coherence (SOC) which measured the PLWAs' ability to find meaning in their illness, and (2) Perceived Health Competence (PHC) which measured the ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Development And Alcohol Consumption Patterns, Laura Greer Hensley Jan 1997

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between College Student Development And Alcohol Consumption Patterns, Laura Greer Hensley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between college student development and alcohol consumption patterns. Student development was investigated in the domains of moral development through the use of the Defining Issues Test, identity development through the use of the Erwin Identity Scale, and intellectual development through the use of the Scale of Intellectual Development. Alcohol consumption patterns were studied in terms of binge drinking frequency according to responses on the Core Alcohol and Drug Survey. All participants were classified into one of four drinking pattern categories: Abstainers, Drinkers, Bingers, and Frequent Bingers. The study also used ...


Clinical Decision-Making And Clinical Judgment Outcomes By Nursing Students In Traditional Or Nontraditional Curricula, Dinah Jo Saunders Jan 1997

Clinical Decision-Making And Clinical Judgment Outcomes By Nursing Students In Traditional Or Nontraditional Curricula, Dinah Jo Saunders

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the claim that nursing students in nontraditional curricula achieve program outcomes consistent with nursing students in traditional generic curricula. Clinical decision making and clinical judgment are essential components of critical thinking in nursing. Self-perception as a decision-maker was measured by the Clinical Decision Making in Nursing Scale (CDMNS) and clinical judgment was measured by the Clinical Judgment in Nursing Series #1: Emergencies in Adult Client Care Test (CJS:EACC).;Participants were recruited from three regional universities. One curricular group consisted of a generic (traditional) BSN group. One nontraditional curricular design was RN-BSN ...


The Effects Of Self-Care Training On The Self-Concept, Self-Care Behavior, And Metabolic Control Of Diabetic Children, Caryle Hopkins Zorumski Jan 1997

The Effects Of Self-Care Training On The Self-Concept, Self-Care Behavior, And Metabolic Control Of Diabetic Children, Caryle Hopkins Zorumski

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-care training on the self-concept, self-care behavior, and metabolic control of diabetic children. The author hoped to obtain information to help improve training programs for children with diabetes.;Forty-nine diabetic children, ages eight to 13, participated in the study as they received basic self-care training from their physicians. Twenty-seven of the children also attended a week long summer day camp where they received additional instruction in diabetes self-care.;The subjects completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Self-Care Questionnaire two times at a four month interval to measure ...


Comprehensive Services For Students With Serious Emotional Disturbance: An Analysis Of State Legislation And Policy, Elizabeth B. Hill Jan 1996

Comprehensive Services For Students With Serious Emotional Disturbance: An Analysis Of State Legislation And Policy, Elizabeth B. Hill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine state legislation and policy related to comprehensive, integrated services for students with serious emotional disturbance. Legislation and policy documents from nine states, Virginia (the pilot study), Indiana, Maryland, New Jersey, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Utah, Vermont, and Wisconsin, were examined. These documents were compared to a set of components extracted from the literature as recommended practice. The document analysis was confirmed through telephone interviews with state-level policymakers in each state's department of education, department of mental health, and/or department of children's services. Support documents were also examined to establish a ...


The Impact Of Sick Building Syndrome On Selected Variables Associated With School Effectiveness, Caryl Shannon Felty Jan 1996

The Impact Of Sick Building Syndrome On Selected Variables Associated With School Effectiveness, Caryl Shannon Felty

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Using matched pairs of schools having a diagnosis of Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) and those not identified, and not having the potential of being identified as having the diagnosis, this study examined the relationship between factors assumed or determined to have an impact on a school's ability to carry out its mission as they related to the SBS diagnosis. The factors studied were student average daily attendance (ADA); students' mean standardized test scores in math and reading on the Iowa Test of Basic Skills and the Tests of Achievement and Proficiency; the need for students to take prophylactic medications ...


Baccalaureate-Prepared Women In Nursing: Return To Graduate Education In Nursing In Midlife, Barbara Ann Ritch-Brant Jan 1995

Baccalaureate-Prepared Women In Nursing: Return To Graduate Education In Nursing In Midlife, Barbara Ann Ritch-Brant

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationships Between Cognitive Appraisal, Coping And Physical Functioning In A Work Hardening Population, Linda Susan Townsend Jan 1994

The Relationships Between Cognitive Appraisal, Coping And Physical Functioning In A Work Hardening Population, Linda Susan Townsend

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the interactions of cognitive appraisal of pain, cognitive appraisal of function, pain coping strategies and physical functioning in a work hardening population. Using a retrospective design, the medical records of 85 subjects were reviewed for their responses on the following instruments: a 10 cm. Visual Analogue Scale (to measure appraisal of pain), the Spinal Function Sort (to measure appraisal of function); the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (to measure pain coping strategies); a series of objective measures of physical function; and several demographic questions. Pearson product moment correlation and simple regression were used to analyze data. Correlational analyses suggested ...


Perceptions Of Senior Re-Entry Registered Nurse Students In Baccalaureate Nursing Programs, Yvonne Nazareth Stringfield Jan 1993

Perceptions Of Senior Re-Entry Registered Nurse Students In Baccalaureate Nursing Programs, Yvonne Nazareth Stringfield

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine how RNs who were seniors in academic programs leading to a baccalaureate nursing education perceived their programs. These perceptions were determined by assessing: (1) the educational and experiential characteristics of senior re-entry registered nurses, (2) reasons for returning to college for a baccalaureate education, (3) perceptions of the relevancy of nursing course work, and (4) personal, professional and academic difficulties encountered in the program of study. The study also investigated specific demographic data with relationship to perceptions.;Participants attended nursing programs at seven Virginia state supported colleges and universities. A sample of ...


Continuing Nursing Education: An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Benefits, Participation And Socialization Of Registered Nurses In Southeastern Virginia, Barbara Simpkins Harrison Jan 1993

Continuing Nursing Education: An Analysis Of The Relationship Between Benefits, Participation And Socialization Of Registered Nurses In Southeastern Virginia, Barbara Simpkins Harrison

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There has been limited research on the benefits nurses' derive from participation in continuing nursing education (CNE). Researchers have investigated sociodemographic and attitudinal characteristics of CNE participants or the effects of CNE on nursing practice.;The purpose of this study was to determine what factors influenced registered nurses in the Southeastern region of Virginia to participate or not to participate in CNE. Specifically, this study investigated the relationship of socialization (defined as level of nursing education, reading of professional nursing journals and professional nursing memberships), benefits (defined as either personal or social/professional type) derived from CNE attendance, the importance ...


Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius Jan 1992

Aids And The Academic Community: A Study In University Governance, Ann Dinius

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the policy making process used in a higher education institution with an academic health center when dealing with social justice issues. How the policy group was constituted, the components of the policy, and policy implementation and oversight issues were included. An attempt was also made to explore factors which could facilitate or impede the policy making process.;The development of an AIDS policy at Virginia Commonwealth University served as the case study. This institution, with one of the ten largest academic health centers in the United States, is a state-supported urban research ...


Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson Jan 1992

Leadership Development In Higher Education For Public Health, Grace Peak Erickson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The dearth of public health leadership and lack of leadership development in higher education for public health, reported by the Institute of Medicine Committee for the Study of the Future of Public Health, prompted this study of leadership perspectives in schools of public health and the practices and behaviors of contemporary public health leaders and their followers. Ambiguity between management and leadership was evident. Academic responders identified transactional leadership roles and relationships more often than those of transformational leadership. Leader and follower ratings of leader performance were most often 'moderate' indicating that leaders sometimes or fairly often exhibit exemplary leadership ...


Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts Jan 1992

Alumni As Givers: An Analysis Of Donor-Nondonor Behavior At A Comprehensive I Institution, Linda Faye Burgess-Getts

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

There has been limited research published about the characteristics of alumni donors in higher education. The majority of the research that has been done focused on large universities, consequently, such research findings may not be generalizable to smaller institutions.;The purpose of this study was to determine to what extent selected demographic, academic, behavioral, and attitudinal variables would discriminate between donors and nondonors in a smaller college or university such as a Comprehensive I institution.;Data for the study were gathered through a questionnaire mailed to a simple random sample of 300 alumni of a Comprehensive I institution. A 72 ...


Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles Jan 1992

Anger And Type-Related Coping Resources In The Experience Of Adult Survivors Of Incest, Kathleen M. Giles

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine from a group of ending stage of treatment or post-treatment incest survivors their experience with anger before therapy, during therapy, and at present, using semi-structured interviews and the following objective measures: STAXI--State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory (Spielberger, 1988), CRI--Coping Resources Inventory (Hammer and Marting, 1988), MBTI--Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (Myers and McCaulley, 1985), a researcher-constructed outcome measure (a visual analog scale of awareness of feelings and symptom improvement) and a researcher-constructed Type-Related Anger questionnaire. Subjects who volunteered to participate in the study were 45 adult female (average 38 years old) survivors of childhood incest ...


The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt Jan 1992

The Use Of Humor To Relieve Stress In Psychiatric Nurses, Joanne Kwandt

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of humor as a coping mechanism to relieve work stress of psychiatric registered nurses (RNs).;The population was selected from 31 volunteer RNs who worked thirty-two to forty hours a week in psychiatric hospitals in the Norfolk-Tidewater-Williamsburg-Richmond areas of Virginia. The RNs completed three pretest self-report measurements on stress. The Social Readiness Rating Scale (SRRS) was given to assess preexisting life stress. The Work Environment Scale (WES), and the Psychiatric Nurses' Occupational Stress Scales (PNOSS) were given to measure for pre-treatment work stress.;The RNs were then randomly assigned to ...


Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs Jan 1992

Racial Issues In White Dyads: An Investigation Of Helms's Interaction Model, Nancy G. Ochs

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Experienced counselors in three eastern states were surveyed about the incidence of racial issues presented by their White clients and were asked to complete the White Racial Identity Attitudes Scales (WRIAS) and to respond to a questionnaire about a White client presenting a racial issue. Nearly a quarter of the counselors responding to the survey reported having some clients raising racial issues as main issues in counseling, and 45% reported having some clients bringing up racial issues relevant to their counseling. Respondents generally did not have training to help White clients with racial issues, nor did many report having special ...


A Procedure To Measure The Effects Of Covert Death Anxiety On The Physiological And Affective Responses Of Student Nurses, John Luther Weeks Jan 1990

A Procedure To Measure The Effects Of Covert Death Anxiety On The Physiological And Affective Responses Of Student Nurses, John Luther Weeks

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to develop and test a procedure to measure the effects of covert death anxiety on the physiological and affective responses of student nurses. The author also hoped to demonstrate the feasibility of the utilization of a personal computer as a tachistoscope for the purpose of presenting subliminal death stimuli; evaluate the use of heart rate change as a physiological measure and the State scale of the STAI as the affective measure of the momentary response to the death stimuli, with the Templer Death Anxiety Scale as the trait measure.;The subjects of the study ...


Interactional Characteristics Of Facial Pain Patients And Their Spouses: Assessment Of Self-Report And Behavioral Observation Measures Of Cohesion, Adaptability, And Marital Satisfaction, Pamela Guyler Boll Jan 1990

Interactional Characteristics Of Facial Pain Patients And Their Spouses: Assessment Of Self-Report And Behavioral Observation Measures Of Cohesion, Adaptability, And Marital Satisfaction, Pamela Guyler Boll

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Twenty-four facial pain patients and their spouses were videotaped answering questions concerning their relationships. This study was designed to more objectively support the clinical impressions of the MCV/VCU TMJ and Facial Pain Research Center's treatment team's view of the interactional characteristics of these couples. Prior to the team offering brief couples psychotherapy for assistance in the resolution of the pain problem, the team needed to assess the pain couples' relationship variables. Adherence to health care providers' recommendations is typically minimal unless all participants agree that specific treatment is warranted. There appears to be a lack of understanding ...


The Influence Of Nursing Faculty Role Models In Predominately Black Colleges On Students' Professional Practice Expectations, Dorothy Lewis Powell Jan 1983

The Influence Of Nursing Faculty Role Models In Predominately Black Colleges On Students' Professional Practice Expectations, Dorothy Lewis Powell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study examines the relationship between nursing faculty role models and students in Predominately Black Colleges (PBCs) and students' expectations for professional practice, including choices to work in health care underserved urban communities. The following questions guided this research: (1) Does the interaction between students and their role models influence students' expectations for professional practice; (2) Do role models' involvement with lower income patients in urban settings influence students' preferences to work or not to work in such settings; and (3) Do recent graduates accept employment in the settings they preferred as students?;A 35 item questionnaire derived, in part ...


An Investigation Into The Modification Of Locus Of Control In Outpatient Alcoholics And Its Relationship To Preference For Alcoholics Anonymous, Bettsy H. -1944 Hettinger Jan 1976

An Investigation Into The Modification Of Locus Of Control In Outpatient Alcoholics And Its Relationship To Preference For Alcoholics Anonymous, Bettsy H. -1944 Hettinger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Mental Health Survey Of Four Hundred White Children Of The Sixth Grade In The Portsmouth Public Schools, Eugene Greenfield Jan 1943

A Mental Health Survey Of Four Hundred White Children Of The Sixth Grade In The Portsmouth Public Schools, Eugene Greenfield

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Factors Influencing Failure Among Students In Schools Of Nursing, Elizabeth Eleanor Sanders Jan 1942

Factors Influencing Failure Among Students In Schools Of Nursing, Elizabeth Eleanor Sanders

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.