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Full-Text Articles in Education

Cardiorespiratory Responses To Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Garant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, Leo Joseph D'Acquisto Mar 2019

Cardiorespiratory Responses To Shallow Water Exercise: A Sex Comparison, Mitchell Garant Fisher, Laura Jean Miller, Jerusalem Tesfaye, Karen Roemer, Debra Mary D'Acquisto, Leo Joseph D'Acquisto

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This investigation examined physiological responses to shallow water exercise (SWE) and to a high-intensity interval SWE workout (HIISWE) in males (M, n=9) and females (F, n=9). Participants performed 5 X 5 min. SWE bouts (bts.) at ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) 9, 11, 13, 15 and 17 (Borg scale) and a maximal bout of SWE with metabolic, heart rate (HR), and blood lactate (BLa) responses monitored. The same measurements were performed during HIISWE (4 X 4-min bts., alternating 20-s “all-out” and 10-s rest). Peak oxygen uptake (V̇O2) and BLa were greater in M (3.6 ± 0 ...


Validation Of A New Incremental Swim Test As A Tool For Maximum Oxygen Uptake Analysis In Lifeguards, Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez Mar 2019

Validation Of A New Incremental Swim Test As A Tool For Maximum Oxygen Uptake Analysis In Lifeguards, Brais Ruibal-Lista, José Palacios-Aguilar, José Antonio Prieto, Sergio López-García, José Antonio Cecchini-Estrada, Miguel Santiago-Alonso, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

This study was designed to validate an incremental test predicting maximum oxygen uptake for lifeguards. A maximum incremental test was performed in the laboratory (i.e., treadmill run) and in the pool (i.e., swim) by 10 certified lifeguards. The values of maximum oxygen uptake (VO2Max), maximum heart rate (HRMax), and lactate (LaMax) achieved during both tests were analyzed. The VO2Max (0.87, p =.001), HRmax (0.85, p = .002) and LaMax (0.67, p


Unintentional Bathtub Drowning Deaths Among Those Aged 65 Years And Older In Australia, Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin, John H. Pearn M.D., Alison J. Mahony Feb 2019

Unintentional Bathtub Drowning Deaths Among Those Aged 65 Years And Older In Australia, Amy E. Peden, Richard C. Franklin, John H. Pearn M.D., Alison J. Mahony

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

When compared with other age groups, fatal drowning rates among seniors have stayed static. This study identifies causal factors in unintentional bathtub drowning deaths among people aged 65 years and over. This study is a 10-year (2003-2012) total population retrospective survey of all unintentional bathtub (baths, spa baths and showers) drowning deaths afflicting people aged 65 years and over. Data were sourced from the Australian National Coronial Information System. Risk factors and circumstantial variables were analysed including sex, age, activity prior to drowning, alcohol, drugs, pre-existing medical conditions, living circumstances, time until found, and performance of cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR). There ...


Self-Agency And Swimming: Letting Babies Be Your Teachers, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D. Feb 2019

Self-Agency And Swimming: Letting Babies Be Your Teachers, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Young children learning to swim should be afforded the freedom to choose for themselves whether they submerge, float, or have their arms and legs manipulated.


Can You Float? Part 2 - Perceptions And Practice Of Lifejacket Use Among Young Adults, Kevin Moran Ph.D. Feb 2019

Can You Float? Part 2 - Perceptions And Practice Of Lifejacket Use Among Young Adults, Kevin Moran Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Personal flotation devices (PFDs), commonly referred to as lifejackets, have been identified as an extremely effective form of drowning prevention and was identified as a critical distinct water competency by Stallman and colleagues (2017). In this second phase of the Can You Float? study, perceptions and practice of a range of lifejacket tasks among students (N = 40) with known water proficiency were examined. Participants estimated exertion levels before and after practical testing of six simulated survival tasks when wearing lifejackets. All participants completed a 25m sprint swim, 5-minute endurance swim, 5-minute float, and 25m partner assist but many failed to ...


An Investigation Of Youth Swimming Skills And Method Of Instruction, Carol C. Irwin, Jennifer R. Pharr, Todd E. Layne, Richard L. Irwin Feb 2019

An Investigation Of Youth Swimming Skills And Method Of Instruction, Carol C. Irwin, Jennifer R. Pharr, Todd E. Layne, Richard L. Irwin

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Drowning is a leading cause of death for US children. Teaching youth to swim in a formal setting from certified instructors is a consistent drowning prevention recommendation. Purposes for this investigation was to examine type of swimming instruction and ability to swim and compare to attitudes toward swimming among US youth. Methods were similar to previous USA Swimming studies in 2008 and 2010. YMCA associations in five cities were used to recruit adolescent survey respondents (n=600) aged 12-18 years. Results showed African American youth had the lowest rate of formal swimming instruction (29%) compared to White (32%) and Hispanic ...


An Examination Of The Severity Of Aquatic Incidents, Lyndsey K. Lanagan-Leitzel Feb 2019

An Examination Of The Severity Of Aquatic Incidents, Lyndsey K. Lanagan-Leitzel

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Lanagan-Leitzel (2012) found that lifeguards do not consistently report incidents when free-viewing aquatic scenes and miss some incidents that should be considered critical. This could have been because they did not know what incidents were critical to monitor or because they were busy monitoring other incidents. In the current study, lifeguards and non-lifeguards were presented with video clips of isolated incidents and rated the severity of each on a scale of 0 – 7. The lifeguards reported greater mean and maximum incident severity than non-lifeguards. Further analyses of lifeguard responses revealed that severity ratings were only moderately correlated to the report ...


Triennial Scientific Review: Assisting Drowning Victims: Effective Water Rescue Equipment For Lay-Responders, Angela K. Beale-Tawfeeq, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council Feb 2019

Triennial Scientific Review: Assisting Drowning Victims: Effective Water Rescue Equipment For Lay-Responders, Angela K. Beale-Tawfeeq, American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The original question addressed in the scientific review was What is the most effective piece of rescue equipment for a lay responder to throw to a person in trouble in water? and the modified question was rephrased as What are the most effective types of aquatic rescue equipment for a layperson/bystander to use to rescue a drowning person? To thoroughly analyze the main question, the following sub-questions were examined: What are the most accurate and buoyant types of devices? What specific equipment is best for quick rescues? What specific equipment can be grasped most easily by drowning victims? This ...


Revised Scientific Review: Minimum Age For Swim Lessons, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D., American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council Jan 2019

Revised Scientific Review: Minimum Age For Swim Lessons, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D., American Red Cross Scientific Advisory Council

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The question addressed in the original scientific review (2009) was rephrased as Does sufficient scientific evidence exist to support setting a minimum age for swimming lessons? for this triennial review. Addressing the research question is significant because strong differences of opinion about the appropriate age(s) for initiating learn-to-swim lessons have existed among the pediatric medical profession, aquatic professionals and agencies, and proprietary programs and swim schools for over four decades. The question has implications for the appropriate purposes, pedagogies, and outcomes associated with swimming experiences for infants and young children that will be addressed in a subsequent review. The ...


Risk Factors For Boating Incidents In Inuvik, Northwest Territories, Canada, Catherine Tr Glass, Audrey R. Giles Jan 2019

Risk Factors For Boating Incidents In Inuvik, Northwest Territories, Canada, Catherine Tr Glass, Audrey R. Giles

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Injury prevention programs that focus on boating and water safety in the Northwest Territories (NWT) have existed for decades; however, rates of boating incidents are much higher in the NWT than southern Canada. To better understand this health disparity, we engaged in community-based participatory research informed by postcolonial feminist theory to examine Aboriginal men’s understandings of the risk factors that contribute to boating incidents in Inuvik, NWT. Participants identified four main risk factors for boating incidents in Inuvik: 1) Gender, 2) age, 3) place, and 4) lack of boating safety education. As a result of these findings and the ...


Editorial: Born To Swim?, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D. Jan 2019

Editorial: Born To Swim?, Stephen J. Langendorfer Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

Can a child's eventual swim kick and stroke preference be predicted shortly after birth? Read this editorial....


Examining The Perceived Impacts Of Recreational Swimming Lessons For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Erin Kraft M.A. Ed. Jan 2019

Examining The Perceived Impacts Of Recreational Swimming Lessons For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Erin Kraft M.A. Ed.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived impacts of recreational swimming lesson participation for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Although swimming lessons are a suitable form of physical activity for children with ASD, minimal research has examined the impacts of these lessons. The author conducted semi-structured interviews with an Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) certified therapist and a swim instructor, each with experience working with children with ASD in swimming lessons. The participants suggested that swimming lessons encouraged children with ASD to socialise. Both participants agreed that distractions in swimming lessons and barriers in communication created challenges ...


Can You Float? Part I - Perceptions And Practice Of Unsupported Flotation Competency Among Young Adults, Kevin Moran Ph.D. Jan 2019

Can You Float? Part I - Perceptions And Practice Of Unsupported Flotation Competency Among Young Adults, Kevin Moran Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

The capacity to maintain the airway through buoyancy control when immersed in water is critical in preventing drowning (Stallman, Moran, Quan & Langendorfer, 2017). In this first phase of the Can you Float? study, perceived and real unsupported flotation competency of a group of students (n=37) with known water proficiency was examined. Using a modified version of Borgs Rating of Perceived exertion (RPE), participants were asked to estimate exertion levels before and after a practical test of five stationary floating tasks of increasing difficulty ranging from treading water to motionless floating. Most participants (82%) were able to tread water for ...


Drowning Prevention: Define And Then Gather Evidence Or Gather Evidence To Define?, Nina J. Nyitrai, Suzi Edwards, Nicholas O'Dwyer Dec 2018

Drowning Prevention: Define And Then Gather Evidence Or Gather Evidence To Define?, Nina J. Nyitrai, Suzi Edwards, Nicholas O'Dwyer

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

According to the World Health Organization, drowning fatalities are a neglected public health issue ranked as the third most frequent cause of unintentional death by injury. Data used to record drowning incidents are acknowledged as inaccurate. Recommendations on drowning prevention based on these data are currently not informed by accurate, detailed and reliable evidence. Two modifications to current practice are proposed: 1) an Aquatic Incident Report needs to be developed as an extension of the current workplace incident report to prompt for information commonly not included in current drowning reports; and 2) National Water Safety Plans should be modified to ...


Efforts In The State Of Texas To Reduce Drownings And Submersion Injuries, Kim Tyson B.Sc., M.Sc. Oct 2018

Efforts In The State Of Texas To Reduce Drownings And Submersion Injuries, Kim Tyson B.Sc., M.Sc.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Rescue Reports From The Netherlands, Brendan Donohue B.Sc., M.Sc., Joost J.L.M. Bierens Md, Ph.D., Professor Oct 2018

An Analysis Of Rescue Reports From The Netherlands, Brendan Donohue B.Sc., M.Sc., Joost J.L.M. Bierens Md, Ph.D., Professor

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


2018 Lifesaving Foundation Projects, Lifesaving Foundation Oct 2018

2018 Lifesaving Foundation Projects, Lifesaving Foundation

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Narratives Of Drowning - Exploring Family And Community Resilience, John S.G. Wells Ph.D., M. Bergin, John Connolly, S. Denieffe Oct 2018

Narratives Of Drowning - Exploring Family And Community Resilience, John S.G. Wells Ph.D., M. Bergin, John Connolly, S. Denieffe

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


The Lifesaving Foundation Library Collection, Kieran Cronin Ba, Mals Oct 2018

The Lifesaving Foundation Library Collection, Kieran Cronin Ba, Mals

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


The Assessment Of Swimming And Survival Skills: Is Your Programme Fit For These Purposes?, Paolo Di Paola Ba Oct 2018

The Assessment Of Swimming And Survival Skills: Is Your Programme Fit For These Purposes?, Paolo Di Paola Ba

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Investigating Drowning Deaths In The United Kingdom, Paul Anderson Chief Superintendent Oct 2018

Investigating Drowning Deaths In The United Kingdom, Paul Anderson Chief Superintendent

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Predicting The Magnitude And Duration Of The Life-Threatening Cold Shock Response On Accidental Immersion: Estimating The Risk Of Drowning, Martin Barwood Ph.D. Oct 2018

Predicting The Magnitude And Duration Of The Life-Threatening Cold Shock Response On Accidental Immersion: Estimating The Risk Of Drowning, Martin Barwood Ph.D.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Rnli: ‘Respect The Water’ Campaign – Putting Prevention First, Ross Macleod Ba Oct 2018

Rnli: ‘Respect The Water’ Campaign – Putting Prevention First, Ross Macleod Ba

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Effective Water Competence Training For School-Aged Children: Teaching Strategies For Skills, Knowledge, And Attitudes, Kristine De Martelaer Ph.D., E. D'Hondt, J. Van Driel, F. Bardid, Joost J.L.M. Bierens Md, Ph.D., Professor Oct 2018

Effective Water Competence Training For School-Aged Children: Teaching Strategies For Skills, Knowledge, And Attitudes, Kristine De Martelaer Ph.D., E. D'Hondt, J. Van Driel, F. Bardid, Joost J.L.M. Bierens Md, Ph.D., Professor

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


My Lifesaving Story: Ireland Medal Presentation Address, Shayne Baker D. Prof. Oct 2018

My Lifesaving Story: Ireland Medal Presentation Address, Shayne Baker D. Prof.

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


The Results Of The Paramedic 2 Clinical Trial, John Long Oct 2018

The Results Of The Paramedic 2 Clinical Trial, John Long

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


How The Human Immune System Reacts To Stress Such As Drowning, Luke O'Neill Ph.D., Frs Oct 2018

How The Human Immune System Reacts To Stress Such As Drowning, Luke O'Neill Ph.D., Frs

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Challenges Facing The First Responder In Water-Based Incidents: Workshop, Patrick Buck Ph.D., Remt Oct 2018

Understanding The Challenges Facing The First Responder In Water-Based Incidents: Workshop, Patrick Buck Ph.D., Remt

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Visitor Drownings In Spain 2013-2018, Luis Miguel Pascual Gomez, Diego Garcia Ph.D., Alfonso De La Vega, Dario Pascual Garcia Oct 2018

Visitor Drownings In Spain 2013-2018, Luis Miguel Pascual Gomez, Diego Garcia Ph.D., Alfonso De La Vega, Dario Pascual Garcia

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.


Rlla: Surviving As A Small National Lifesaving Organisation - Progress In Lesotho: From 2004 To 2018, Colin Macdonald Obe, Ba, Ma Oct 2018

Rlla: Surviving As A Small National Lifesaving Organisation - Progress In Lesotho: From 2004 To 2018, Colin Macdonald Obe, Ba, Ma

International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education

No abstract provided.