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Full-Text Articles in Education

Exhibition Handlist, Kathleen M. Webb Sep 2014

Exhibition Handlist, Kathleen M. Webb

Supplemental Media: Catalogue, Handlist, Lectures, Events and More

In preparing for Imprints and Impressions, we ran across many interesting words that have fallen out of the general lexicon. With this booklet, we have brought one back: handlist. Dean Kathleen Webb ran across it in a 1944 booklet from the J. Pierpont Morgan Library in New York City. Though the word no longer appears in most new dictionaries, it’s still in the Oxford English Dictionary:

A list of a particular type or category of things, presented in a readily consultable form; esp. a list of the books or manuscripts in a particular place, on a particular subject, etc ...


A Hero's Journey: Aegean's Destiny, Olivia Ullery Apr 2014

A Hero's Journey: Aegean's Destiny, Olivia Ullery

Stander Symposium Posters

A young woman named Aegean is summoned by the Oracle of her village to go on a journey to defeat an evil civilization at the center of the Three Villages. Though Aegean is independent, strong-willed, and assertive, she does not know her way. With the accompaniment of Maeve, a woman warrior, and Fumito, a cloistered sage, Aegean has a model of femininity and a model of masculinity to guide her in creating her own identity. They face perils on their quest, such as deadly creatures, private struggles – even death. Yet, while they travel they learn about the history of the ...


A Geometric Study Of The Discharge Port Used In Scroll Compressors, Yu Lang Apr 2014

A Geometric Study Of The Discharge Port Used In Scroll Compressors, Yu Lang

Stander Symposium Posters

A scroll compression has become the prevalent technology used air-conditioning and refrigeration systems. The compression chamber consists of two spiral shaped vanes that form pairs of chambers. A crankshaft imposes an orbital translation on one of the vanes, which reduces the volume of the chambers, thereby compressing the gas trapped within the chamber. A hole is placed at the center of the fixed spiral. The moving spiral will uncover the hole, which serves as an exhaust port. This project studies the exhaust flow area as a function of crank angle. Additionally, the project assesses the sensitivity of the exhaust flow ...


A Computer Based Detection Of Lung Nodules In Chest, Barath Narayanan Apr 2014

A Computer Based Detection Of Lung Nodules In Chest, Barath Narayanan

Stander Symposium Posters

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancerous disease in the United States. Lung cancer usually exhibits its presence with the formation of pulmonary nodules. Nodules are round or oval-shaped growth present in the lung. Chest radiographs are used by radiologists to detect and treat such nodules, but nodules are quite difficult to detect with human eye and are sometimes misinterpreted with lesions present. Thus, automated analysis of such data is very essential and would be of valuable help in lung cancer screening. A new Computer Aided Detection (CAD) system in chest radiography is proposed in this paper. The algorithmic ...


3d Anomaly Detection Using Structure From Motion, Yakov Diskin Apr 2014

3d Anomaly Detection Using Structure From Motion, Yakov Diskin

Stander Symposium Posters

We present a 3D anomaly detection technique designed to support various applications in changing environmental conditions. The novelty of the work lies in our approach of creating an illumination invariant system tasked with detecting anomalies in a changing environment. Previous efforts have focused on image enhancement techniques that manipulate the intensity values of the image to create a more controlled and unnatural illumination. Since most applications require detecting anomalies in a scene irrespective of the time of day, (lighting conditions or weather conditions present at the time of the frame capture), image enhancement algorithms fail to suppress the illumination differences ...


A Semi-Empirical Prediction Model For The Discharge Line Temperature Of Hermetic Compressors, Chen Guan Apr 2014

A Semi-Empirical Prediction Model For The Discharge Line Temperature Of Hermetic Compressors, Chen Guan

Stander Symposium Posters

Predicting the discharge line temperature (DLT) of air conditioning and refrigeration compressors is important to ensure sufficient lubricant properties and proper performance of components that are positioned in the exhaust stream.Numerous comprehensive prediction models have been developed with excellent accuracy, but require many details of a particular compressor. This paper assesses various DLT prediction methods that do not compressor-specific parameters. It presents a semi-empirical model with a accuracy that significantly exceeds the other established methods. The model is applied to both traditional refrigeration and vapor-injected, economizer cycles. Lastly, a study was conducted to determine the relationship between the accuracy ...


A Room Full Of Rocking Chairs: Urban Appalachian Student Experiences In Community College, Rana Peake Apr 2014

A Room Full Of Rocking Chairs: Urban Appalachian Student Experiences In Community College, Rana Peake

Stander Symposium Posters

Urban Appalachian college students (UACS) face cultural and institutional barriers that impact their ability to persist and complete college. Designed to explore UACS experiences at a large urban community college, this study provides insight into Appalachian culture and identity as they impact their success in higher education. UACSs are more likely to come from a low-income family, and be the first in their family to attend college. First-generation college students more often lack the social and cultural capital needed to successfully navigate college, further increasing the risk of failure (Bradbury, 2009). Colleges and universities must seek out ways to improve ...


A Performance Analysis Of Concentrated Portfolios Of High Quality Stocks Over The Highly Volatile Market Period Of 2007 – 2013, Dede Ferry Apr 2014

A Performance Analysis Of Concentrated Portfolios Of High Quality Stocks Over The Highly Volatile Market Period Of 2007 – 2013, Dede Ferry

Stander Symposium Posters

A number of investment managers use high quality stocks as a key to their investment strategy. In this study I want to look at the relative performance of concentrated portfolios (25-30 stocks) of high quality stocks compared to the S&P 500 (i.e. the benchmark portfolio). Using the S&P’s quality ratings of A- through A+, I developed the following concentrated portfolios: (1) Mega Large Cap (2) Large Cap and (3) Mid-Cap. Two time periods are evaluated performance wise: (1) 12-31-07 – 12-31-13 and (2) 3-31-09 – 12-31-13. The 07-13 time interval includes the steep down swing period in the ...


A Novel, Elastically-Based, Regenerative Break And Launch Assist Mechanism, Joshua Nieman Apr 2014

A Novel, Elastically-Based, Regenerative Break And Launch Assist Mechanism, Joshua Nieman

Stander Symposium Posters

This project involves a spring-based mechanical regenerative brake and launch assist system to increase vehicle fuel economy. When a vehicle slows, traditional brakes waste the kinetic energy by dissipating it to the environment as heat. Regenerative brakes, by comparison, store this energy for later use. A novel mechanical system has been designed that stores the energy in a spring and then uses that energy to later propel the vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles have a successful electrical regenerative braking system but it is only beneficial for hybrid and electric vehicles, about 3% of the market. The proposed mechanical system could be ...


A Novel High Quality Factor Tunable Band-Stop Filter For Microwave Applications, Hailing Yue Apr 2014

A Novel High Quality Factor Tunable Band-Stop Filter For Microwave Applications, Hailing Yue

Stander Symposium Posters

A band-stop filter is used to remove a narrow band of frequencies from the signal path of a receiver or a transmitter. For a conventional notch filter, the maximum attenuation (notch depth) occurs at a single frequency midway between the specified edges (3dB) of the lower and upper pass-bands, and the selectivity can be described as the ratio of the notch depth to the bandwidth between the edges of the pass-bands. The unloaded quality factor Q (Qu) of the filter's resonators limits both notch depth and selectivity. This proposal suggests an optimized version of varactor-tuned microwave band-stop filter designed ...


A Momentum Growth Rate Model For Selected 4 Digit Industrial Groupings 2002-2012, Sam Girouard, Ben Rudman Apr 2014

A Momentum Growth Rate Model For Selected 4 Digit Industrial Groupings 2002-2012, Sam Girouard, Ben Rudman

Stander Symposium Posters

This study is concerned with the development of momentum models that can be used to determine the portfolio weighting for industry classifications below the search level. Using Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS) data on revenue and gross operating profit at the 4 digit SIC code level,five and ten year compound annual growth rates (CAGR) are calculated for a small sample (10) of industry groups. Higher rates of growth in the most recent 5 years compared to the 10 year period will be considered a positive momentum factor. The hypothesis to be to tested is that 4 digit SIC codes ...


A Look At Ohio's Past: A Focus On Ordovician And Silurian Period Fossils Found In The Dayton Area, Ashley Pantona Price, Katherine Burkman, Danielle Moon Apr 2014

A Look At Ohio's Past: A Focus On Ordovician And Silurian Period Fossils Found In The Dayton Area, Ashley Pantona Price, Katherine Burkman, Danielle Moon

Stander Symposium Posters

Ohio has a rich geologic history involving the Paleozoic era, specifically the Ordovician and Silurian periods of time for the southwestern part of the state. Ohio was once covered with tropical seas, the evidence for which are the marine fossils found in the limestones, dolomites, and shale rocks in the area. This research project involves a comparison of fossils and geological history of Clifton Gorge, Germantown MetroPark and other parks in the Dayton area. This project also includes a guide for educators on how to engage students through the connection of real world experiences at the high school level using ...


An Interactive Robust Artificial Intelligence-Based Defense Electro Robot (Raider) Using A Pan-Tilt-Zoom Camera, Andrew Braun, Binu Nair, Chen Cui, Paheding Sidike, Solomon Duning, Theus Aspiras, Yakov Diskin Apr 2014

An Interactive Robust Artificial Intelligence-Based Defense Electro Robot (Raider) Using A Pan-Tilt-Zoom Camera, Andrew Braun, Binu Nair, Chen Cui, Paheding Sidike, Solomon Duning, Theus Aspiras, Yakov Diskin

Stander Symposium Posters

The Vision Lab’s Robust Artificial Intelligence-based Defense Electro Robot (RAIDER) is an integrated electro-mechanical system equipped with an onboard processor and numerous imaging sensors. The RAIDER is built upon the Clearpath Husky A200 mobile base. In a multidisciplinary effort, the newly constructed robotic body houses the onboard laptop, GPU processor, LAN, IP cameras, and Kinect sensors. In our previous experiments and efforts, we shown the capability of computing a 3D model of the surrounding scene from motion imagery. We have tested autonomous navigation algorithms in which the RAIDER was to follow a particular person in a crowded environment. Algorithmic ...


An Empirical Study Of The Relationship Between Stock Market Price Movements And Macro Financial Conditions, 2001-2013, Brandon Capicotto Apr 2014

An Empirical Study Of The Relationship Between Stock Market Price Movements And Macro Financial Conditions, 2001-2013, Brandon Capicotto

Stander Symposium Posters

Since the early 90's, a number of financial condition indexes have been developed to determine future movementsin the non-financial sectors of the economy. In this study, I use the Kansas City Federal Reserve's index of financial Stress (KCFSI) to study the relationship between market and sector price movements and macro financial conditions. The periods of analysis are :(1)2001-2012), (2) 2003-2007,(3) 2009-2012). The long run period includes two recessions and two sustained periods of economic growth. The two short run periods represent economic rebound periods after the recessions. Using uni-variate regression models regress KCFSI on Spy, the ...


An Empirical Analysis Of The Relationship Between S&P Sector Price Movements And Industrial Production, Dimitri Tsiribas Apr 2014

An Empirical Analysis Of The Relationship Between S&P Sector Price Movements And Industrial Production, Dimitri Tsiribas

Stander Symposium Posters

In this study I want to extend the empirical research of the Chen, Ross, and Roll in the late 1980’s by reexamining the relationship between industrial activity and the stock market.* My approach differs from theirs in that I will use the 10 S&P 500 sectors rather than the overall market indexes to analyze price movements. My period of analysis will be 2002-2013, with 2013 an out-of-sample period. Within the sample period, there are 3 distinct market phases that can be clearly identified. First, there is the upswing period of 2002-2007. Next, there is the downswing period of ...


Advancing Segmentation Techniques For Rigid-Body Shape-Changing Mechanism Design Specific To Variable Geometry Extrusion Dies, Bingjue Li Apr 2014

Advancing Segmentation Techniques For Rigid-Body Shape-Changing Mechanism Design Specific To Variable Geometry Extrusion Dies, Bingjue Li

Stander Symposium Posters

This research is part of a larger project on designing extrusion dies that create parts with complex variation in cross section. The research presented is on segmentation theory, the realization of a set of rigid bodies and joints that best approximate a set of curves that define a shape change. These curves differ from each other by a combination of planar displacement, shape variation, and notable differences in arc length. Among various shape-changing technologies, rigid-body mechanisms composed of traditional machine elements offer many advantages including carrying large loads while achieving large displacements. Although some of the theory for synthesizing rigid-body ...


Advanced Image Processing For Automatic Pipeline Right-Of-Way Threat Detection, Chen Cui, Paheding Sidike, Yakov Diskin, Binu M. Nair, Sai B. Arigela Apr 2014

Advanced Image Processing For Automatic Pipeline Right-Of-Way Threat Detection, Chen Cui, Paheding Sidike, Yakov Diskin, Binu M. Nair, Sai B. Arigela

Stander Symposium Posters

Rapid advances made in the area of camera and sensor technology has enabled the use of video acquisition systems to monitor the right-of-way of pipelines. Huge amount of data is thus made available for analysis. However, it would be very expensive to employ analysts to scan through the data and identify threats to the right-of-way in the vast amount of wide area imagery. This warrants the deployment of an automated mechanism that is able to detect threats to the right-of-way and send out warnings in the event of detection of a threat. A novel algorithmic framework for the robust detection ...


A Social Justice Learning And Living Community Service Project, Maggie Cook, Pam Malone, Kelsey Radabaugh Apr 2014

A Social Justice Learning And Living Community Service Project, Maggie Cook, Pam Malone, Kelsey Radabaugh

Stander Symposium Posters

Through a Social Justice Living and Learning Community Project, researchers were given the opportunity to feed numerous families across the Dayton area. They worked with Food bank Inc. to help sort and repackage donated food to give to families in need. The Food bank provides food for approximately 70,000 different people annually.


An Undivided Heart: How Mary Unites What Sin Divides According To John Paul Ii's Theology Of The Body, Ann M. Michalica Apr 2014

An Undivided Heart: How Mary Unites What Sin Divides According To John Paul Ii's Theology Of The Body, Ann M. Michalica

Stander Symposium Posters

Today, personhood is often threatened by the tendency to divide the human person into two contrasting parts: body and soul. Many times, this causes the human person to be reduced to a disembodied spiritual being or a disposable object rather than a whole person called to love and be loved. In his teachings known as the Theology of the Body, John Paul II uses a personalistic approach to illuminate the human person as the integration of body and soul. Scripturally based, Theology of the Body is the study of God’s reflection in the human body and human sexuality. Using ...


Research Exercise: Analyzing Circuit Court Rulings In Shield Law Cases, Andy Kurzhals, Concetta Reda Apr 2014

Research Exercise: Analyzing Circuit Court Rulings In Shield Law Cases, Andy Kurzhals, Concetta Reda

Stander Symposium Posters

Journalists in most states are permitted under state law to protect the identities of their confidential sources. Those seeking the identities include defendants in criminal cases, prosecutors, and plaintiffs and respondents in various civil actions. Journalists usually decline to reveal their confidential sources so as not to become “an arm of the law” or an advocate for any cause or party. They also often want to shield people who genuinely have something serious to fear if their identities became known. Even so, some courts in some cases have defied shield laws and ordered journalists to reveal their sources under penalty ...


Research Exercise: Analyzing Shield Law Cases In The Midwest, Megan Nelson, Thomas Stankard Apr 2014

Research Exercise: Analyzing Shield Law Cases In The Midwest, Megan Nelson, Thomas Stankard

Stander Symposium Posters

Most states have enacted shield laws that allow journalists to protect the identities of confidential sources. The federal government has considered a federal shield law several times over the years but has yet to enact such legislation. These papers analyze how state courts determine who is and who is not a journalist under states’ shield laws. Also considered is whether the press can legally refuse to identify anonymous commentators on news organizations’ websites.


Research Exercise: Analyzing The Actual Malice Standard In New York And Virginia Defamation Cases, Abraham Keller, Nathan Vicar Apr 2014

Research Exercise: Analyzing The Actual Malice Standard In New York And Virginia Defamation Cases, Abraham Keller, Nathan Vicar

Stander Symposium Posters

Public figures suing the press for defamation must show that the journalist acted with knowledge that the material was false or recklessly disregarded evidence of the truth. This is what is known as actual malice. These papers analyze the actual malice standard as applied in defamation cases against the press in New York and Virginia state courts. Also considered are the circumstances under which actual malice would be required in a defamation case brought against a blogger.


Application Of A Cobalt Porphyrin And Catalyst In Microbial Fuel Cells, Weilong Wang Apr 2014

Application Of A Cobalt Porphyrin And Catalyst In Microbial Fuel Cells, Weilong Wang

Stander Symposium Posters

A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a renewable energy device in which microorganisms consume organic matters to generate electricity. These devices have potential utility in wastewater treatment facilities to dually clean the water and generate part of the electricity needed for water treatment. The last decade has seen tremendous advancement in MFC technology, but many challenges remain, particularly with improving performance and efficiency of cathodes. The cathode reduces oxygen to water and traditionally has utilized precious metals as the primary catalytic compound. In these studies, the precious metal in the cathode has been replaced with alternative catalysts, cobalt porphyrins. Porphyrins ...


Assessing Aesthetic Preferences For Faces With Measures Of Ocular Gaze, Hannah L. Lieber, Ashley Ann Marshall, Madeleine L. Schneider, Paulina E. Rosequist, Margaret Wedell Apr 2014

Assessing Aesthetic Preferences For Faces With Measures Of Ocular Gaze, Hannah L. Lieber, Ashley Ann Marshall, Madeleine L. Schneider, Paulina E. Rosequist, Margaret Wedell

Stander Symposium Posters

Though one may assume that the reactions to two nearly identical works of art would be similar, the medium in which art is presented can influence an individual’s perception of the work (Locher et al., 2006). The present study evaluates aesthetic preferences for faces, specifically, relating to those influenced by art; this is done by comparing reactions when viewing classic portraits and photographic renderings of those portraits. Simultaneously portraits and photographs of faces, matched for variables such as gender, artistic medium, ethnicity, face shape, facial hair, hair color, eye color, and facial position (full or profile), are shown to ...


As Stable As The Dollar Stretches: Foreign Aid And Social Stability In Jordan, Jasmine Jordan Apr 2014

As Stable As The Dollar Stretches: Foreign Aid And Social Stability In Jordan, Jasmine Jordan

Stander Symposium Posters

After the fall out of the Arab Spring in 2010, most of the countries in the Middle East and North Africa region suffered from extreme political, social, and economical instability. Usually, the citizens of these counties were revolting against the authoritarian regimes that have held power for decades. Jordan stands as the only obvious exception. How has Jordan maintained relative economic stability where others have failed? I have found that it is hard to judge the economic or social stability of Jordan without recognizing the large amounts of foreign aid Jordan has received from the US. This thesis asks what ...


Assessing The Energy Requirements Of Actuators During Common Automation Tasks, Mohamed Eltaeb Apr 2014

Assessing The Energy Requirements Of Actuators During Common Automation Tasks, Mohamed Eltaeb

Stander Symposium Posters

Manufacturing operations is a major consumer of energy, with a large proportion being used to operate motors. The objective of this project is to create principles for the design of automation mechanisms that have reduced energy needs. As part of the project, an experimental study was performed to assess the energy required by industrial actuators for common automation tasks. The energy consumption is mapped to torque, motion and time on task. Using this information, the influence of mechanism architecture and dimensional synthesis of single-degree-of-freedom manufacturing devices can be assessed and design guidelines can be formulated.


Behavioral Activation In A Homeless Shelter: An Example Of Engaged Scholarship, Zach Glending, Christine Farmer, Jessalyn Crossman, Jacob Debellis, Stephanie Rodriguez Apr 2014

Behavioral Activation In A Homeless Shelter: An Example Of Engaged Scholarship, Zach Glending, Christine Farmer, Jessalyn Crossman, Jacob Debellis, Stephanie Rodriguez

Stander Symposium Posters

A Behavioral Activation Program is implemented and evaluated at a homeless shelter. Behavioral Activation, which is based on operant conditioning, refers to “...a therapeutic process that emphasizes structured attempts at engendering increases in overt behaviors that are likely to bring [the person] into contact with reinforcing environmental contingencies and produce corresponding improvements in thoughts, mood, and overall quality of life” (Hopko et al., 2003, p. 700). Guided by the Psycho-Ecological Systems Model (Reeb & Folger, 2013), this interdisciplinary research project utilizes the participatory community action research strategy (Reeb, 2006), the pedagogical technique of service-learning (Reeb, 2010), and multidimensional assessment. Hypotheses are as follows: (1) Outcomes (e.g., employment and recidivism rates) will be superior for men participating in Behavioral Activation, relative to outcomes of shelter guests prior to project implementation. (2) For men participating in Behavioral Activation, there will be improvements in psychosocial functioning (quality of life, hope, self-efficacy for coping, self-esteem, depressed mood, learned helplessness, anxiety, empowerment, social alienation, sense of purpose or meaning, social stigma concerns, job motivation, and inclinations for illegal behavior and substance use), and changes on these variables will predict long-term outcomes. (3) Over time, the shelter’s social climate will be perceived as increasingly more positive by shelter guests and staff. (4) Service-learning students (undergraduate and graduate) who assist with the project will show improvements in civic-related attitudes/beliefs. Behavioral activities include a mix of activities aimed at the enhancement of: (a) empowerment or self-sufficiency (e.g., GED preparation, computer training, job preparation); (b) coping (e.g., stress management, prevention programs); and (c) mood, quality of life, and social skills (e.g., game night). This project, which is supported in ...


Research Exercise: Betting Against Beta: A Low Volatility Investment Strategy For Market Period 2008-2012, Anthony Caruso Apr 2014

Research Exercise: Betting Against Beta: A Low Volatility Investment Strategy For Market Period 2008-2012, Anthony Caruso

Stander Symposium Posters

The objective of this study is to examine the risk/return relationships of "style/size" ETFs over the period 2008-2012. The ETFs are (1) Large cap growth, (2) Large cap value, (3) Mid cap growth, (4) Mid cap value, (5) Small cap growth, (6) Small cap value. The measure of risk used in this study is beta. Typically, higher beta ETFs are expected to outperform in up markets and underperform in down markets. Conversely, lower beta ETFs would perform best in a down market and underperform in an up market. The overall period of analysis is 2008-2012. The following three ...


Blur Processing Using Double Discrete Wavelet Transform, Yi Zhang Apr 2014

Blur Processing Using Double Discrete Wavelet Transform, Yi Zhang

Stander Symposium Posters

We propose a notion of double discrete wavelet transform (DDWT) that is designed to sparsify the blurred image and the blur kernel simultaneously. DDWT greatly enhances our ability to analyze, detect, and process blur kernels and blurry images—the proposed framework handles both global and spatially varying blur kernels seamlessly, and unifies the treatment of blur caused by object motion, optical defocus, and camera shake. To illustrate the potential of DDWT in computer vision and image processing, we develop example applications in blur kernel estimation, deblurring, and near-blur-invariant image feature extraction.


Brain Machine Interface For Controlling A Robotic Arm, Kelly Cashion, Theus Aspiras, Carly Gross, David Fan, Yicong Gong, Nathaniel Maas, Ahmed Nasrallah Apr 2014

Brain Machine Interface For Controlling A Robotic Arm, Kelly Cashion, Theus Aspiras, Carly Gross, David Fan, Yicong Gong, Nathaniel Maas, Ahmed Nasrallah

Stander Symposium Posters

This project takes Electroencephalography (EEG) data and correlates it with specific robotic actions. The process is implemented using a 3 phase system that includes EEG signal acquisition, data classification, and robotic action encoding. This project utilizes the Emotiv EPOC headset that uses 14 electrodes which detects brain activity and wirelessly transmits raw data to a personal computer. The project utilizes Emotiv software to classify and translate and encode this raw EEG signal into a command to control a robotic arm. This Brain Machine Interface (BMI) research has many potential applications; for example, it could help the handicapped use robots to ...