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2018

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Media Coverage For Female Sports: A Review Of Literature, Hsu Zen Lim Dec 2018

Media Coverage For Female Sports: A Review Of Literature, Hsu Zen Lim

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Ever since Title IX were introduced in 1972, it has allowed equal play time for both male and female athletes on the court. Although Title IX helped to establish more equity for women in sport participation, media coverage did not parallel the growth of women’s participation. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on media coverage of female athletes. Media coverage included a review of newspaper and magazine print as well as visual and social media. In addition, a review of the portrayal of women in the media was also presented. Results indicated women sports were ...


The Effect Of Team Sports On Mental Health In Adolescents, Jhon Guarin Dec 2018

The Effect Of Team Sports On Mental Health In Adolescents, Jhon Guarin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

There is research that shows the impact of physical activity and sport on the health of individuals participating. However, there is an area of research that is lacking regards to the impact of team sports on mental health, specifically amongst youth. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the effects of team sports on mental health in youth and adolescents. Research has shown that there is a positive correlation between participation in a team sport and overall mental health in youth. Despite the amount of evidence, there still needs to be additional research conducted.


Coaching Behaviors And Their Impact On Burnout Of High School Athletes, Zachary Monell Dec 2018

Coaching Behaviors And Their Impact On Burnout Of High School Athletes, Zachary Monell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Through sport activity, coaches can impact, effect, and influence their athletes in many ways. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on coaching behaviors and their impact on burnout of high school athletes. There is an association between controlling coaching behaviors and athletes’ negative experiences in their respective sports. Negative experiences, such as emotional abuse, is a key issue that was brought up in youth sport that can have long term effects on athletes. Coaches may not know the impact that they have on athletes. Coaches may think that they are motivating the athletes, but in fact ...


Environmental Factors That Influence Physical Activity Participation In Children And Youth: A Synthesis Of The Literature, Jarrod Nash Dec 2018

Environmental Factors That Influence Physical Activity Participation In Children And Youth: A Synthesis Of The Literature, Jarrod Nash

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Physical activity participation in children and youth is widely regarded as important to ensure proper health. There are many environmental factors that contribute to children and youth being able to participate in physical activity on a daily basis. This synthesis reviewed literature regarding environmental factors that influence physical activity participation in children and youth. Data was collected using the EBSCOHOST search engine, found on The College at Brockport’s Drake Memorial Library online research website. Key words in SPORTDiscus and Academic Search Complete databases were combined to obtain 10 studies that focused on this synthesis’s purpose and research questions ...


Sport Participation And Academic Achievement In High School Athletes, Meg Stucko Dec 2018

Sport Participation And Academic Achievement In High School Athletes, Meg Stucko

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to identify sport participation as a motivational influence and driving factor behind the increased academic success in high school student-athletes. An extensive examination of literature was conducted in order to review and research the effects on academic achievement in high school students, in relation to their participation status on a school-organized sports team. Higher grade point averages (GPA), graduation rates, ACT scores, along with lower dropout rates are all prominent among student-athletes as well (Lumpkin & Favor, 2012). There are many positive benefits that come along with sport participation, yet some feel it has the ...


College Intervention Programs And Their Effects On The Physical Health Of College Students, Tanner E. Mosher Dec 2018

College Intervention Programs And Their Effects On The Physical Health Of College Students, Tanner E. Mosher

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Obesity and poor health rates in this country have been a problem for years and there has been much research to show how physical activity can be a solution for this problem. Much research has been done on physical activity programs and their benefits to different populations, but specifically not much has been done in the question of college students. During these years' adolescents are vulnerable to weight gain and negative health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on college physical activity programs and the – physical health benefits for college students. Research has shown ...


Psychological Effects And Treatment Of An Injury On An Athlete: Suggested Treatment Plan For Athletic Trainers And Physical Therapist, Odell Miller Dec 2018

Psychological Effects And Treatment Of An Injury On An Athlete: Suggested Treatment Plan For Athletic Trainers And Physical Therapist, Odell Miller

Honors Theses

Injuries that force athletes to lose participation in their sport and or training have a tremendous impact on their mental health. Mental health issues can be detrimental, but often times go unnoticed. For example in 2010, Kenny McKinley, a wide receiver for the Denver Broncos, was found dead after killing himself with a gun. After suffering a knee injury, he had become progressively depressed. Investigators reported that there are statements saying that McKinley didn’t know what he would do without football. According to NCAA’s Sports Science Institute (2017), the psychological response to injury can trigger mental health issues ...


Strategies For Encouraging Positive Social Engagements In Physical Education For Children With High-Functioning Autism And Asperger's Syndrome, Ashley Paasch Dec 2018

Strategies For Encouraging Positive Social Engagements In Physical Education For Children With High-Functioning Autism And Asperger's Syndrome, Ashley Paasch

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis reviews the literature on strategies for encouraging positive social engagement in physical education for children with high-functioning autism and Asperger’s syndrome. The types of interventions looked at in this synthesis included the use of task analysis, social stories, video modeling and other interventions that have been used to help with the development of the social skills necessary to be successful in their environment. The results showed that these interventions have a positive effect on increasing positive social engagement among children with high-functioning Autism and Asperger’s syndrome. It is concluded that the interventions examined implemented in a ...


The Role Of Social Media In Intercollegiate Athletics: A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, William B. Burns Iii Dec 2018

The Role Of Social Media In Intercollegiate Athletics: A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, William B. Burns Iii

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine social media use in intercollegiate athletic departments, and the effect that social media has on colleges and student-athletes. Previous research shows that social media has not been a large presence in intercollegiate athletics until 2008 when schools started to realize that is can be a powerful tool to help with marketing strategies. Common themes that emerged through the critical mass were social media best practices at the intercollegiate level, the most commonly used platforms, the benefits of using social media for colleges and student-athletes, and the problems and potential problems of ...


Key Factors To Consider In Sport Specialization For Youth: A Review Of The Literature, Corey Craig Dec 2018

Key Factors To Consider In Sport Specialization For Youth: A Review Of The Literature, Corey Craig

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Youth sport provides a valuable environment in which children can develop their motor and psychosocial skills, learn how to be “coached”, and become part of a team (Goodway & Robinson, 2015). This topic is important because decisions to specialize too young can impact the lives of young athletes in terms of their physiological and psychological health. The purpose of this synthesis was to explore the factors that go into the decision to specialize in one sport when children are young. Ten articles were reviewed and synthesized to answer five research questions. Results indicate that so-called “specializers” may be at a greater ...


Opioid Alternatives For Athletes, Robert Battaglia Dec 2018

Opioid Alternatives For Athletes, Robert Battaglia

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project is to investigate alternative approaches to opioids and their effectiveness for pain management. Research identified little levels of involvement by the athletic population in the use of opioid alternatives. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yield factors, which encouraged opioid alternative use and the benefits they have. Medical marijuana, physical therapy, and acupuncture resulted in the most popular opioid alternatives. Research in opioid alternatives has only begun from athletes with pain in regards to opioid alternatives. However there is uncertainty about opioid alternatives from athletes and medical staff. In the years to come ...


Mirror Therapy, A Pain Management Therapy, Gabriella Andrews Dec 2018

Mirror Therapy, A Pain Management Therapy, Gabriella Andrews

Honors Theses

This project was undertaken to explore the use of mirror therapy (MT) as a palliative for stroke patients and amputees experiencing phantom limb pain. MT is a relatively new treatment and while it has limited research, it is starting to be used more within the rehabilitation setting. Research suggests MT has beneficial effects occur with phantom limb pain as well as post-stroke patients. This study will explain the history, uses, and research behind MT not only as a form of therapy but also a non-medicinal pain reliever.

Included are interviews from physical therapists (PT) and occupational therapists (OT) along with ...


Agricultural Sciences Outreach Program, Maghan Lea England, Sophie Lorraine Johnston Dec 2018

Agricultural Sciences Outreach Program, Maghan Lea England, Sophie Lorraine Johnston

Agricultural Education and Communication

The College of Agriculture, Food, and Environmental Sciences (CAFES) mission statement and vision of the Agricultural Education and Communication Department is to develop future leaders, educators, and communicators to advance and advocate for the agricultural industry in a global economy (AGED, 2018). Student organizations, such as Agriculture Ambassadors and Agriculture Leadership Society, facilitate several outreach events to engage and excite prospective students in pursuing their higher education goals in agriculture at Cal Poly (CAFES Ag Council, 2018). In order to maintain growing student numbers, the Agricultural Education and Communication Department, specifically, the Agricultural Science major needs revamped recruiting efforts and ...


The Effectiveness Of Using Video Modeling Techniques To Improve Motor Skills For Preschool Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Atya Abdullah Hadadi Dec 2018

The Effectiveness Of Using Video Modeling Techniques To Improve Motor Skills For Preschool Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders, Atya Abdullah Hadadi

Theses and Dissertations

Beside the main syndromes of socialization and communication for individuals with autism spectrum disorders, they also have impairments in motor skills, such as ball skills (catching and throwing) and postural stability (standing and walking balance). The main objective of this dissertation is to improve motor skills for preschooler children with ASD through use of video-modeling techniques. A secondary objective of this research was to find a correlation between the development and improvement of ball skills and balance tasks. Twenty-six children with ASD were divided into two groups. Twenty-six children with ASD from 3-5 years old participated in two groups: one ...


Effects Of Athletics On Character And Moral Development Of Collegiate Athletes, Jenna Clarke Oct 2018

Effects Of Athletics On Character And Moral Development Of Collegiate Athletes, Jenna Clarke

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Character and moral development within intercollegiate athletics has been a topic of interest for some time, more specifically within the last five years. Leadership plays an important role in the development of character and morality. Specifically discussed, topics such as moral development education, influences who play a role in moral development of student athletes and positive and negative effects of moral development on athletes Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis is to review the literature on the effects of athletics on character and moral development of collegiate athletes. Research has shown that there are positive and negative effects on moral ...


Development, Validation, And Testing Of A Self-Determination Theory Instrument Called The Motivation To Prepare Healthy Foods Questionnaire, Ariana Delong Bailey Sep 2018

Development, Validation, And Testing Of A Self-Determination Theory Instrument Called The Motivation To Prepare Healthy Foods Questionnaire, Ariana Delong Bailey

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

The objectives of these studies were to validate and confirm the structure of a previously developed questionnaire that measures the psychosocial constructs defined by the Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and then test this questionnaire in a nutrition education setting. The instrument, titled the Motivation to Prepare Healthy Foods Questionnaire (MPHFQ), included items that measured intrinsic motivation, perceived competence, relatedness, autonomy, and autonomy support. These studies evaluated the questionnaire’s validity and ability to measure changes in the SDT construct scores.

The MPHFQ is a previously developed and reliable instrument intended to measure adults’ intrinsic motivation and perceived competence to prepare healthy ...


The Benefits Of Participation In Yoga For Students With Disabilities, Micah Joseph Sep 2018

The Benefits Of Participation In Yoga For Students With Disabilities, Micah Joseph

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to look at the benefits that participation in yoga has on students with disabilities. Many students with disabilities fall behind their peers early on in their education in regards simple social skills and motor abilities. Yoga has been known to have a positive effect in those areas on students without disabilities, however there is limited research on the topic for students with disabilities. The studies provided in the critical mass show the positive impact that yoga can have on students with autism, visual impairments, and intellectual disabilities. These benefits include social-adaptation, self-regulation, self-esteem/confidence ...


Factors That Affect Retention Of Sport Officials, Ryan Ilardi Aug 2018

Factors That Affect Retention Of Sport Officials, Ryan Ilardi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine previous research on factors that affect sport officials’ intention to continue officiating. There is currently a shortage of sport officials across several sports worldwide, especially at the amateur level. The studies examined within the critical mass discovered common factors that positively and negatively affect sport official retention. Having a passion for the game, the social aspect of officiating and the perceived lack of organizational support were recurring themes that were cited as affecting sport officials’ intention to continue. Previous research recommended how officiating associations could improve their recruitment and retention of sport ...


What Are Preferred Leadership Styles Of Athletes From Their Coaches, Sean Heil Aug 2018

What Are Preferred Leadership Styles Of Athletes From Their Coaches, Sean Heil

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Using the Multidimensional Model of Leadership three aspects of a leaders' behavior need to be aligned in order to see an increase in member satisfaction and performance. These aspects include required behavior, preferred behavior, and actual behavior. From this idea, the Leadership Scale for Sport was developed which broke down leadership styles of a coach into five categories. These include democratic behavior, social support, positive feedback, training and instruction and autocratic behavior. It is evident that athletes at the youth level as well as the collegiate and professional level prefer four of these leadership styles. These four most preferred are ...


Assessing A Peer Mentor Program In An Honors College Of Agriculture, Isabel Whitehead Aug 2018

Assessing A Peer Mentor Program In An Honors College Of Agriculture, Isabel Whitehead

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to assess mentees’ experiences in a peer mentor program in an honors college of agriculture and to determine which factors impact mentees’ ability to relate to their peer mentor based on the theory of homophily and interpersonal attraction. Colleges of agriculture are encouraged to examine which determinants impact students’ decisions to enter agri-science programs, what draws students to postsecondary agricultural programs, and to try recruiting underserved individuals into higher education to fulfill open employment opportunities for diverse, skilled, and globally competent individuals (Goeker, et al., 2015; Stripling & Ricketts, 2017). Peer mentoring is often implemented as a means of encouraging students’ success during their transition to college, as well as strengthening the personal and professional development of the mentor and the mentee (Colley, 2002; Hall and Jaugietis, 2010; Minor, 2007), which ...


Introducing The Academic Discipline Of Agricultural Communications To The United Kingdom: A Needs Analysis, Sara Kathryn Maples Aug 2018

Introducing The Academic Discipline Of Agricultural Communications To The United Kingdom: A Needs Analysis, Sara Kathryn Maples

Theses and Dissertations

There is a current need to identify and describe opinions of prospective employers and current agricultural students about the prospects of developing an agricultural communications academic discipline in the U.K. An understanding of the competencies employers would expect of agricultural communications graduates, as well as an understanding of what students would expect to learn, would form the conceptualization and development of the discipline in the U.K. A total of 22 agricultural communications professionals and 67 agricultural students from across the United Kingdom completed the survey. Collected data showed agricultural students and agricultural communications professionals answers overall were not ...


Autophagy Is Stimulated By Acute High Intensity Interval Exercise In Human Skeletal Muscle And Electrical Pulse Stimulation In C2c12 Myotubes In Vitro, Kurt A. Escobar Jul 2018

Autophagy Is Stimulated By Acute High Intensity Interval Exercise In Human Skeletal Muscle And Electrical Pulse Stimulation In C2c12 Myotubes In Vitro, Kurt A. Escobar

Health, Exercise, and Sports Sciences ETDs

Purpose: 1) To compare the effects of an acute bout of HIIT exercise (treadmill running) on autophagy to MICT exercise in human skeletal muscle 3 hours post exercise, and 2) to test an in vitro model of muscle contraction-induced autophagy using electrical pulse stimulation in C2C12 myotubes. Methods: Study 1: Ten recreationally active males and females completed a bout of high intensity interval training (HIIT) exercise and moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICT) exercise in a fasted state. Muscle biopsies from the vastus lateralis were taken pre and 3 hours post-exercise. Muscle tissue was analyzed for protein expression of markers of ...


The Influence Of The Educational Environment On College Student Activity Behaviors, Helen M. Ziegler Jul 2018

The Influence Of The Educational Environment On College Student Activity Behaviors, Helen M. Ziegler

Dissertations

Healthy Campus 2020, an initiative that provides a framework to support campuses in improving the health of their students, staff, and faculty, recognizes physical activity as one of the top eleven priorities for positively influencing health risk behaviors in college populations (American College Health Association, 2012). However, there is not much research to support the best way to influence physical activity behaviors and what types of programs and facilities can provide the greatest impact. The purpose of this study was to investigate which components or programs within the higher education environment have the greatest influence on college students’ intention to ...


The Effect Of An Historical Geology Course On Students’ Attitudes Towards Science And Their Knowledge Of Deep Time As A Threshold To Their Knowledge Of Evolution, Allan Nolan Jul 2018

The Effect Of An Historical Geology Course On Students’ Attitudes Towards Science And Their Knowledge Of Deep Time As A Threshold To Their Knowledge Of Evolution, Allan Nolan

Dissertations

In America there exists a conflict between a small group of its citizens and the concept of evolution. Researchers have studied this conflict and the ways in which teachers might approach educational methodologies that not only address evolution in a sensitive manner, but also remain legally acceptable.

This research was designed to address teaching evolution in the context of deep time – the concept that time is vast and that geology and biology operate in a timescale of hundreds of millions to billions of years. In previous peer-reviewed works, it has been stated that deep time acts as a threshold concept ...


Participatory Action Research Examining The Role Of Physical Activity In Mentoring For Resilience, Francesca Gable Jun 2018

Participatory Action Research Examining The Role Of Physical Activity In Mentoring For Resilience, Francesca Gable

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This study examined the use of physical activity-based mentorship programs to positively influence student mental health and resilience in post-secondary institutions. The process of relationship building was observed through regularly implemented physical activity interactions over time. The purpose was to determine the ability of a physical activity-based mentorship relationship to positively influence student resilience. A participatory action research methodology was used to engage with a population of ninety undergraduate Kinesiology students (30 mentors:60 protégés) over an eight-month period. Sixty interviews and thirteen focus groups were conducted, and fifteen-hundred pages of journal reflections were consulted to further understand the relationship ...


Hosting The Third Annual Young Women In Agriculture Career And Leadership Seminar, Emma E. Morris, Madyline J. Braught Jun 2018

Hosting The Third Annual Young Women In Agriculture Career And Leadership Seminar, Emma E. Morris, Madyline J. Braught

Agricultural Education and Communication

Agriculture has traditionally been a male-dominated industry; however, recent years have shown a significant growth in female presence. Women are beginning to take leadership roles both on the farm and within advocacy, lobbying, and business entities in the industry. According to the latest agricultural census data from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), in 2012, women farmers controlled seven percent of the nation’s farmland (Census, 2014). Additionally, women held leadership roles in 14 percent of the nation’s two million farms (Census, 2014). This data is several years old, and likely the numbers have grown since the last ...


Soil Science In Precision Agriculture Lesson Plan, Carson Ellis Cronkright Jun 2018

Soil Science In Precision Agriculture Lesson Plan, Carson Ellis Cronkright

Agricultural Education and Communication

Due to the increasing demands for the American agricultural industry to provide exceptional products at an increasing rate of production, as well as implement the practice of sustainable farming, it is imperative that more modern concepts be taught at a younger age (Ray, 2013). In order to inform students of advancements and the future of agriculture in the United States, curriculum and lesson plans should reflect this movement in industry in order to provide relevant information and maintain the highest quality of education possible. This project will provide a constructed lesson plan as one example of adopting more progressive methods ...


Pink And Dude Chefs: Effectiveness Of An After-School Nutrition Knowledge And Culinary Skills Program For Middle School Students To Increase Fruit And Vegetable Consumption, Alyssa S. Vaziri Jun 2018

Pink And Dude Chefs: Effectiveness Of An After-School Nutrition Knowledge And Culinary Skills Program For Middle School Students To Increase Fruit And Vegetable Consumption, Alyssa S. Vaziri

Master's Theses and Project Reports

The rate of overweight and obesity among adolescents aged 12-19 years has more than tripled since 1980, and disproportionately impacts low-income and marginalized populations. Reduction in adolescent obesity rates may result in decreased health risks, decrease healthcare costs, and increased quality of life. Effective intervention methods for adolescent participants have incorporated nutrition knowledge and culinary skill building into afterschool programs. This study examines whether building knowledge, skills, and confidence through a culinary intervention can improve adolescent participants’ choices of healthful foods through increased fruit and vegetable intake.

Pink and Dude Chefs (PDC) is an afterschool nutrition education and culinary skills ...


Correctional Officers’ Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Mental Health Within The Prison System, Alexandra Rose Serafini Jun 2018

Correctional Officers’ Perceptions And Attitudes Toward Mental Health Within The Prison System, Alexandra Rose Serafini

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This research explored correction officers’ perceptions and attitudes in relation to inmates with mental health issues. In a qualitative fashion, semi-structured interviews were conducted with five correction officers in Southern California (N = 5) during the Winter 2018 Quarter. Using thematic analysis, this study identified six major themes from the interview data: mental health has remained a prominent issue within the prison population; correction officers were fairly knowledgeable about mental health; correction officers perceived themselves as having to play a limited role in the rehabilitation of inmates with mental health problems; constant prompts in daily activities and medication management were two ...


Integration Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Into The Healthcare System In The United States, Nikki Lu May 2018

Integration Of Complementary And Alternative Medicine Into The Healthcare System In The United States, Nikki Lu

Global Honors Theses

Chronic diseases are a prevalent issue around the world and chronic diseases are hard to prevent due to various systemic factors in the healthcare system. This paper mainly focused on socioeconomic issues and highlighted a few systemic factors in the US healthcare system. These factors have created various health disparities, inequities among socially constructed groups, and financial expenditures in the US healthcare system. Socioeconomic factors significantly impact the health and healthcare among socially constructed groups. Additionally, in this paper there are current approaches in addressing these healthcare factors such as social determinants of health and precision medicine as well as ...