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Full-Text Articles in Education

Instructional Preferences In Aquatics For Children With Visual Impairments And Their Instructors, Fabiana Cieslak Dec 2013

Instructional Preferences In Aquatics For Children With Visual Impairments And Their Instructors, Fabiana Cieslak

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The aim of this study was to determine which instructional strategies athletes with visual impairments and their coaches would prefer during swimming classes. Thirteen athletes with visual impairments and fourteen coaches participated in interviews to reveal their preferences. A thematic analysis was utilized to ensure the analysis was undertaken in a theoretically and methodologically sound manner. Three key themes emerged, each a compilation of a set of subthemes. The first theme, physical guidance, included a quicker learning process and passive and active learning. The second theme, tactile modeling, was comprised of barriers and better instruction. The final theme that emerged ...


The Relationship Between Teacher Expectations, Feedback, And Task Persistence In Elementary Children During Physical Education, Devon A. Starks Jun 2011

The Relationship Between Teacher Expectations, Feedback, And Task Persistence In Elementary Children During Physical Education, Devon A. Starks

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Numerous studies have been done regarding the factors that effect on task persistence of students at an activity. However, little research has been done on the influence of teacher expectations , gender interactions , and teacher feedback. This study examined how these variables affect student task persistence. The focus of this study is task persistence (TP) and feedback (FB). Participants were 3rd and 4th grade males (n = 11) and females (n = 15) who received instruction from their physical education teacher. Pre-task expectations were studied from one male and one female physical education teacher using a quasi experimental research design. In addition, gender ...


The Effects Of Education And Experience On The Attitudes Of Pre-Service Physical Educators Toward Teaching Children With Disabilities, Justin A. Haegele May 2009

The Effects Of Education And Experience On The Attitudes Of Pre-Service Physical Educators Toward Teaching Children With Disabilities, Justin A. Haegele

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The education of children with disabilities has changed dramatically since 1970. Litigation and legislation have guaranteed students with disabilities a free and appropriate public education in an environment which would be least restrictive. This has placed some students with teachers who may not have a positive attitude toward teaching children with disabilities. Research has identified several variables which effect an educators' attitude toward teaching children with disabilities- the two most prominent being previous experience and education. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of education and experience on the attitudes of pre-service physical education educators toward teaching ...


Using An After School Martial Arts Program To Increase Student Motivation, Jeffrey R. Dewilde Jan 2008

Using An After School Martial Arts Program To Increase Student Motivation, Jeffrey R. Dewilde

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

In education there are many factors outside of the classroom that can have an impact on student motivation; as a result school districts offer athletic and extracurricular activities that help promote learning and student success. Using the TaeKwonDo Institute’s Character Reward Program, this thesis project examines the relationship between after school program involvement and student motivation. The literature review defines and explores the history of after school programs, student motivation and character development, and how martial arts supports and encourages these attributes. The active research, a four-week study, was conducted with 20 students, grades 1-8, who were enrolled in ...


A Comparison Of The Motor Development Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Hearing Parents, Lori A. Volding Aug 2002

A Comparison Of The Motor Development Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Hearing Parents, Lori A. Volding

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Differences in linguistic, cognitive, and social skills are known to exist between Deaf children of Deaf parents and hearing parents; differences in motor development, however, are not known between the two groups. This study was designed to compare the motor development of 14 Deaf children of Deaf parents and 15 Deaf children of hearing parents. The 11 girls and 18 boys were 4 – 9 years old; 16 were in the 4-6 age group, and 13 were in the 7 - 9 age group. The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) was used to assess the motor development of 29 participants who ...


Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi Dec 1997

Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated differences in six sport specific personal characteristics as a function of skill level. The characteristics included competitive trait anxiety, trait self-confidence, concentration, mental preparation skills, achievement motivation, and leadership. A self-evaluation questionnaire was administered to students in beginning, intermediate, and advanced physical education activity classes at the State University of New York, College at Brockport. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison test statistics were used to analyze differences for each of the six personal characteristics and a mental toughness composite score across the three groups of performers.

The results revealed significant differences in achievement motivation in ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Cognitive Differences Among Female Elite And Nonelite High School Field Hockey Players And High School Physical Education Class Nonathletes, Linda Berner Adams Dec 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of Cognitive Differences Among Female Elite And Nonelite High School Field Hockey Players And High School Physical Education Class Nonathletes, Linda Berner Adams

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The Empire State Games Western Scholastic Field Hockey Team (n = 14), a high school field hockey team (n = 15), and nonathletes in a high school physical education class (n = 9) were given a battery of tests and inventories to compare mental aspects such as abstract visual reasoning, concentration, sport-confidence, psychological skills relevant to exceptional performance, and competitive anxiety. Analyses included multivariate analysis of variance for each cognitive category, one way univariate analysis of variance for each subtest within a cognitive category, and a stepwise multiple regression technique to determine which tests made the greatest contribution to predicting group membership. Multiple ...


The Effects Of Weight Training On The Self-Esteem Of College Students, John Christopher Wirszyla Aug 1989

The Effects Of Weight Training On The Self-Esteem Of College Students, John Christopher Wirszyla

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated the effects of a weight training program on the self-esteem of college students. Subjects enrolled in a Beginning Weight Training course, a Beginning Golf course and an Introduction to Sociology course were administered the Tennessee Self Concept Scale (TSCS) at the beginning and end of an eight-week period. A subscale of the TSCS, the Total Positive (TP) score, served as the focal point of this study. The statistics used to analyze the data included ANOVA for between group comparisons and a matched pair t test for within group differences. The subjects in the Weight Training class significantly ...


The Effects Of Mental Imagery On Free Throw Performance, Lori Ansbach Eckert Aug 1989

The Effects Of Mental Imagery On Free Throw Performance, Lori Ansbach Eckert

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of mental imagery on free throw performance. The investigator used a pretest-posttest randomized group design consisting of three treatment groups and a control group. A total of 120 subjects were randomly assigned four groups. Subjects received either (1) mental practice, (2) physical practice, (3) a combination of mental and physical practice, or (4) no practice. The study was conducted over a period of five contact sessions lasting approximately twenty minutes each. Utilizing the analysis of multiple comparisons for ANCOVA, results demonstrated that the mental imagery group did improve their free ...


The Effects Of Massed And Distributed Practice On The Performance Of A Gross Motor Skill, William B. Christina Jan 1974

The Effects Of Massed And Distributed Practice On The Performance Of A Gross Motor Skill, William B. Christina

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The effects of massed and distributed practice on the basketball dribbling performance of fourth grade boys was investigated. Fifteen massed practice (MP) and 15 distributed practice (DP) subjects were randomly selected from an intact class of 37. The criterion task (dribbling a basketball) and four unrelated tasks (alternate activity tasks) were employed in the investigation. Subjects practicing under MP conditions received one 6 minute practice trial on all tasks during a single practice session. Subjects practicing under DP conditions received two 3 minute practice trials on all tasks during a single practice session. The total time spent on the criterion ...


The Effect Of Using Unisensory Event Certainty On The Psychological Refractory Period, James Wolfgang May 1973

The Effect Of Using Unisensory Event Certainty On The Psychological Refractory Period, James Wolfgang

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

In many situations where a person is required to react to two stimuli that occur in rapid succession there will be a lag in the response time of the second reaction. This lag in response is what is known as a “psychological refractory period” (PRP). The PRP is thought to be a limit of some mechanism in the brain to process successively occurring stimuli occurring between 50 – 250 milliseconds apart. Five different theories attempt to explain the mechanism underlying the PRP. This study tests one of them: the expectancy theory. Expectancy theory states that PRP depends on the subject’s ...