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Full-Text Articles in Education

Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright Dec 2017

Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to research the effect that physical activity events have on children’s academic achievement. A comprehensive literary search was completed to find studies that implemented recess, classroom based physical activity, physical education, extracurricular physical activity or sports into the lives of K-12 students. Fourteen academic research reports, journal articles and scholarly peer reviewed articles between the years of 2000-2016 were chosen for the review of literature.

The differences that exist between the forms of physical activity and their impact on academic performance were examined. A strong research base for physical activity improving children ...


Effects Of Sport Specialization On Youth And Interscholastic Athletes, Joseph Innes Dec 2017

Effects Of Sport Specialization On Youth And Interscholastic Athletes, Joseph Innes

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Athletes are beginning to specialize in one specific sport more recently than ever before. There are two types of athletes, a single sport athlete, and a multi-sport athlete. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on sport specialization. More specifically the various effects specializing versus participating in multiple sports has on an athlete, both physically and mentally. Research has shown that there are positive and negative effects to both sport specialization and diversification. Further research on this topic can give athletes a better idea on what is best for them overall.


Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado Dec 2017

Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Serious disabilities are diagnosed in approximately 1 in 100 of children who have serious disabilities (Jasma, 1988). The development of the psychomotor domain in children with serious disabilities is typically below the development of their peers without special needs (Jasma, 1988). Generally, children with serious disabilities tend to be sedentary or lack opportunities to participate in physical activity compared with their peers without disabilities (Jasma, 1988). Traditional assessments such as TGMD-3 (Test of Gross Motor Development) or Brockport Physical Fitness Test, are not designed or do not have accommodations for children with serious disabilities (Grenier, & Miller, 2018). The purpose of ...


Periodization Programs And Their Effects On The Physiological Outcomes Of Collegiate Athletes, Raymond Irish Oct 2017

Periodization Programs And Their Effects On The Physiological Outcomes Of Collegiate Athletes, Raymond Irish

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Many different strength and conditioning professionals are attempting to find more efficient ways to train their athletes to improve strength, power, body mass and body composition. There are many different types of training models that are used within the realm of strength and conditioning. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on periodization programs and their effects of physiological outcomes on collegiate athletes. Research has shown that both Linear and Nonlinear periodization models improved physiological outcomes of the subjects presented. With that being said, there was no sufficient evidence to which model is more efficient. Further ...


Alternative Teaching Approaches To Promote Student Motivation In Physical Education At The Secondary Level, Brittany Brace Aug 2017

Alternative Teaching Approaches To Promote Student Motivation In Physical Education At The Secondary Level, Brittany Brace

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of literature on alternative teaching approaches in physical education and their relationship to student motivation at the high school level. The self-determination theory was used throughout the critical mass of articles as a guide to measure student motivation levels. Themes were organized by varying teaching approaches used within each study. Prevalent research focused on the sport education model (SEM) as a major alternative teaching model that was useful when measuring student motivation. To provide concrete findings, more research needs to be conducted in regards to other alternative teaching styles ...


How Do Interventions Through The Self-Determination Theory Affect Middle And High School Student’S Participation In Physical Education Class?, Nicholas Droegmoeller Aug 2017

How Do Interventions Through The Self-Determination Theory Affect Middle And High School Student’S Participation In Physical Education Class?, Nicholas Droegmoeller

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Students today seem less likely to participate in physical education class because they are either disinterested, unmotivated, or are disengaged in the activity. At the secondary level, students’ disengagement in class may be due to lack of motivation. The self-determination theory has been used to help increase students’ motivation to participate in physical activity. The purpose of this synthesis research is to examine how middle and secondary students’ participation in physical education class is impacted by interventions based on the self-determination theory. It will include three different motivational conditions; psychological needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) in an autonomy support ...


What Are The Ergogenic Effects Of Music During Exercise?, Brianne Corigliano Aug 2017

What Are The Ergogenic Effects Of Music During Exercise?, Brianne Corigliano

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis demonstrates the positive effects of music on exercise. It focuses on the potential benefits of listening to music during exercise. It uses a theoretical framework focusing on the dissociative effect of music resulting in reduced perceived exertion, accompanied by greater output, enhanced performance, improved skill and improved mood. It also looks at the effects of variable intermediaries of the tempo and the volume of the music being used. It uses twelve, peer-reviewed, quantitative research journal articles published within the past forty years as the “critical mass.” Using the theoretical framework the synthesis demonstrates that the dissociative effect of ...


Will Physical Activity Increase Academic Performance?, Samantha Kreso Aug 2017

Will Physical Activity Increase Academic Performance?, Samantha Kreso

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project is to collectively assess and analyze the critical mass of research articles to determine if physical activity can increase academic performance. The studies that met the inclusion criteria of examining the effects of physical activity on academic performance were included in this project. The articles were analyzed by using a synthesis grid, which helped to organize and examine the methods, results and discussions. Themes, such as effects on executive functioning, effects on academic core subjects and weekly hours, were accumulated from the articles. Based upon the critical mass; the results indicate that there can ...


Factors Affecting The Experiences Of Lgbt Students In Physical Education And Sport A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Dylan Jaklitsch Aug 2017

Factors Affecting The Experiences Of Lgbt Students In Physical Education And Sport A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Dylan Jaklitsch

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge on factors affecting LGBT students’ participation in physical education and athletics. Previous research identified low levels of participation by the LGBT population in physical education and interscholastic athletics. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded factors which either encouraged or discouraged LGBT students and athletes to participate in physical education and athletics. The climate and environment, presence of interventions, safe spaces and openly “out” teammates were noted as factors which affected participation. While previous research notes that society has created a discriminatory environment for LGBT students ...


Factors That Increase Physical Activity In Youth Who Are Visually Impiared, Adam Dwyer May 2017

Factors That Increase Physical Activity In Youth Who Are Visually Impiared, Adam Dwyer

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on factors that increase physical activity for youth who are visually impaired. The selected studies for this synthesis describe barriers and facilitators that influence physical activity levels in youth ages 7-19. As Kozub and Hyun-Kyoung Oh, (2004) noted, individuals with visual impairment have reported lower levels of physical activity in relation to their same age sighted peers. It is important to understand where this population loses its ground in being regularly and adequately physically active. Research indicates several factors that have been shown to increase physical activity in young people ...


The Impact Of Coaching Styles On The Motivation And Performance Of Athletes, Mike Marcone May 2017

The Impact Of Coaching Styles On The Motivation And Performance Of Athletes, Mike Marcone

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Previous research has been conducted on the concept of coaching styles and their impact on the motivation and performance of athletes, with results suggesting that the impact can be extremely significant. Through the different styles of coaching, coaches impact the athletes with whom they associate in different ways, while also fulfilling or neglecting the athletes’ psychological needs. Through recent research, it has been suggested that coaches who exhibit the most autonomy supportive behaviors tend to fulfill the psychological needs of athletes, resulting in the development of self-determined forms of motivation. When autonomy is supported and athletes become self-determined in ...


Effects Of Cumulative Concussions On High School And College Athletes And Concussion Prevention Strategies, Taylor Cooke May 2017

Effects Of Cumulative Concussions On High School And College Athletes And Concussion Prevention Strategies, Taylor Cooke

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Concussions are a common injury that can occur at almost any time. There are many different causes of these injuries, but athletic participation is one of the most common. There are many different ways in which sustaining multiple concussions can have an impact on your overall health and well being not only immediately after the injury, but also moving well into the future. Although these injuries cannot be completely prevented in athletics, there are steps that we can take that can help to limit the number of these injuries in athletics.


A Review Of The Campus Recreation Programming Factors Impacting The Recruitment And Retention Of College Students, Nedeljko Cvijetinovic May 2017

A Review Of The Campus Recreation Programming Factors Impacting The Recruitment And Retention Of College Students, Nedeljko Cvijetinovic

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis will highlight the impact of campus recreation programming on the recruitment and retention of college students. In order to study this matter to the fullest extent there were ten peer-reviewed articles examined that studied the campus recreation programming factors impacting the recruitment and retention of college students. Several factors that affected the recruitment and retention of college students included: Fitness and Wellness Needs, Campus Recreation Programming, Place Bonding, and Student Involvement and Integration.

The review of literature provides information, data, results, and conclusions that support the notion that the best way to recruit and retain a college student ...


A Review Of Literature On The Benefits Of Sport Education On Secondary Physical Education, Hugo Herrera May 2017

A Review Of Literature On The Benefits Of Sport Education On Secondary Physical Education, Hugo Herrera

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis will review the benefits of Sport Education on secondary physical education. More specifically, the literature review will review benefits in the topics of enjoyment, activity time and participation, skill increase, content knowledge and motivation. The literature review uses peer-reviewed and scholarly articles in order to examine the benefits in these areas. The literature review points to benefits in all these areas of physical education for secondary students and also provides results to be considered by current and future teachers. Results show that Sport Education can be especially beneficial for low-skilled and amotivated students. Sport Education can increase enjoyment ...


Living Environment Field Trips In Wyoming And Genesee Counties, New York, Breanna Hummel May 2017

Living Environment Field Trips In Wyoming And Genesee Counties, New York, Breanna Hummel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of field trips is to engage students in hands on or real world learning opportunities. Science fairs and field trips are two examples of how students can experience out of classroom activities. Through these activities, students may understand or practice an aspect of a topic as experienced in the real world, outside of the school setting (Tal, et. al., 2014); exploring skills and physical beings, having discussions with historians or scientists, and synthesizing or analyzing information (Rohlf, 2015). Especially in science, new technology and knowledge is ever changing. Field trips allow students to practice or use technology that ...


Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh Dec 2016

Adapted Primary Literature (Apl): An Effective Authentic Text Option For The Science Classroom, Lauren C. Thresh

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The intention of this literature review is to advocate for the incorporation of Adapted Primary Literature (APL) into secondary science classroom instruction in order to aid such science curriculum in achieving balanced authenticity. APL is a valuable instructional text option due to its novel design, an optimal compromise between authenticity and accessibility. APL is a superior reflection of authentic science as it is for professionals of science and in representation of the nature of science (NOS) than Secondary Literature (SL) and textbooks, the dominating scientific text genres of most secondary science classroom instruction. Yet, APL is more accessible in text ...


Incorporating Problem Based Learning Into A Secondary International Baccalaureate Biology Curriculum, Katie Smith Dec 2015

Incorporating Problem Based Learning Into A Secondary International Baccalaureate Biology Curriculum, Katie Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As expressed in the 21st century skills framework, the goal of education is to create lifelong learners who can contribute to society. To accomplish this task, students must be exposed to real world problems providing students the opportunity to retain knowledge for future acquisition and application. Problem based learning (PBL) is distinct from other learning philosophies and strategies because it centers content and skills on problems instead of providing a list of concepts and then trying to make them applicable to the real world (Jonassen & Hung, 2008).

Most PBL research and curriculums have been created at the college level ...


The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand Aug 2015

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


An Analysis Of Factors Related To Time-Dependent Vs. Acquired Aging In Males, Michael J. Potenza May 2014

An Analysis Of Factors Related To Time-Dependent Vs. Acquired Aging In Males, Michael J. Potenza

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to determine which factors impact, slow down, or even halt certain aspects of the natural aging process in males. Initial review of the topic included an examination of the aging theories found in the literature. The subsequent focus of this synthesis was on a critical mass of data based literature relating to the signs and symptoms of the aging processes. Next, the critical mass was synthesized to determine the most prominent findings in the published research regarding the slowing of the aging process in both the physical and cognitive domains. This included studies about ...


Instructional Preferences In Aquatics For Children With Visual Impairments And Their Instructors, Fabiana Cieslak Dec 2013

Instructional Preferences In Aquatics For Children With Visual Impairments And Their Instructors, Fabiana Cieslak

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The aim of this study was to determine which instructional strategies athletes with visual impairments and their coaches would prefer during swimming classes. Thirteen athletes with visual impairments and fourteen coaches participated in interviews to reveal their preferences. A thematic analysis was utilized to ensure the analysis was undertaken in a theoretically and methodologically sound manner. Three key themes emerged, each a compilation of a set of subthemes. The first theme, physical guidance, included a quicker learning process and passive and active learning. The second theme, tactile modeling, was comprised of barriers and better instruction. The final theme that emerged ...


The Impact Of Student Choice On Learner Engagement In Physical Education, Michael Bray May 2013

The Impact Of Student Choice On Learner Engagement In Physical Education, Michael Bray

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Physical activity levels decline with age and this begins in children as young as sixth grade and continues into adulthood. Research has demonstrated that children ages 12-21 do not regularly participate in vigorous physical activity and that there is a 50-75 percent decrease in physical activity levels from kindergarten to 12th grade (Bryon & Solmon, 2012). Inactivity is attributed to a decrease in motivation due to various factors, including boredom of repeated activities, coeducational classes, and a lack of perceived competence. This synthesis comprised of 14 studies that examined how curriculums that offer choices can have an impact on self-determination and ...


Cultural Competence In Physical Education And Core Academic Subjects: Are There Differences?, Danielle Peruzzini May 2013

Cultural Competence In Physical Education And Core Academic Subjects: Are There Differences?, Danielle Peruzzini

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis studied a critical mass of literature to determine cultural competence as it pertains to physical educators training and preparation for teachers in core academic subject areas. The studies focused more on experience and teacher training in physical education as well as core academics. Contact theory was used to help identify how teacher educators should utilize more hands on experiences to better train a more culturally competent teacher, who in turn will facilitate success in future students. Results of this synthesis show that the teacher training programs need to be changed in order to create a more culturally competent ...


A Comparison Of Learner Assessment Use Between Physical Education And Core Academic Subjects, Jessica L. Orlowski May 2013

A Comparison Of Learner Assessment Use Between Physical Education And Core Academic Subjects, Jessica L. Orlowski

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

As advocated by the National Association for Sport and Physical Education, physical education demonstrates the same characteristics that define core academic subject areas (NASPE, 2010). This synthesis investigates a critical mass of research that aims to compare and contrast core academic subjects and non-core academic subjects, specifically physical education and their use of learner assessments. Results from the critical mass identified three main themes: (1) skill acquisition through the use of learner assessments, (2) student perceptions of learner assessments and (3) teacher perceptions of learner assessments and their effects on the stakeholders involved in the teaching-learning process. Skill acquisition through ...


Adventure Based Education As A Potential Intervention For Disruptive School Behavior, Renae Y. Jurek May 2013

Adventure Based Education As A Potential Intervention For Disruptive School Behavior, Renae Y. Jurek

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge on adventure education and its potential as an intervention for disruptive student behavior such as off task behavior, insubordination, and bullying. Previous research has identified low self-concept and low levels of social intelligence as predictors of disruptive behavior. Adventure education was examined for its ability to address these predictors. Common themes which emerged throughout the critical mass of adventure education research were positive effects on self-concept, social intelligence, relationships, resilience, and overall student behavior. The majority of the current body of knowledge examines adventure education programs in ...


The Relationship Between Teacher Expectations, Feedback, And Task Persistence In Elementary Children During Physical Education, Devon A. Starks Jun 2011

The Relationship Between Teacher Expectations, Feedback, And Task Persistence In Elementary Children During Physical Education, Devon A. Starks

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Numerous studies have been done regarding the factors that effect on task persistence of students at an activity. However, little research has been done on the influence of teacher expectations , gender interactions , and teacher feedback. This study examined how these variables affect student task persistence. The focus of this study is task persistence (TP) and feedback (FB). Participants were 3rd and 4th grade males (n = 11) and females (n = 15) who received instruction from their physical education teacher. Pre-task expectations were studied from one male and one female physical education teacher using a quasi experimental research design. In addition, gender ...


Rochester Coughed The 1918 Influenza Epidemic In Rochester, New York, Daniel D. Cody Aug 2010

Rochester Coughed The 1918 Influenza Epidemic In Rochester, New York, Daniel D. Cody

History Master's Theses

A massive war engulfed the world in 1918. Enormous armies of men laid waste to each other with appalling casualties. However, all of mankind was threatened by an invisible killer much deadlier than any war. This menace to humanity killed more people in a shorter time period than any other event recorded in history. Millions died in just a little over a year. This massive killer was influenza. As the Great War held the attention of the world, influenza circled the globe spreading infection and death everywhere. The science of man was unable to identify it and therefore unable to ...


The Effects Of Education And Experience On The Attitudes Of Pre-Service Physical Educators Toward Teaching Children With Disabilities, Justin A. Haegele May 2009

The Effects Of Education And Experience On The Attitudes Of Pre-Service Physical Educators Toward Teaching Children With Disabilities, Justin A. Haegele

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

The education of children with disabilities has changed dramatically since 1970. Litigation and legislation have guaranteed students with disabilities a free and appropriate public education in an environment which would be least restrictive. This has placed some students with teachers who may not have a positive attitude toward teaching children with disabilities. Research has identified several variables which effect an educators' attitude toward teaching children with disabilities- the two most prominent being previous experience and education. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of education and experience on the attitudes of pre-service physical education educators toward teaching ...


Using An After School Martial Arts Program To Increase Student Motivation, Jeffrey R. Dewilde Jan 2008

Using An After School Martial Arts Program To Increase Student Motivation, Jeffrey R. Dewilde

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

In education there are many factors outside of the classroom that can have an impact on student motivation; as a result school districts offer athletic and extracurricular activities that help promote learning and student success. Using the TaeKwonDo Institute’s Character Reward Program, this thesis project examines the relationship between after school program involvement and student motivation. The literature review defines and explores the history of after school programs, student motivation and character development, and how martial arts supports and encourages these attributes. The active research, a four-week study, was conducted with 20 students, grades 1-8, who were enrolled in ...


A Comparison Of The Motor Development Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Hearing Parents, Lori A. Volding Aug 2002

A Comparison Of The Motor Development Of Deaf Children Of Deaf Parents And Hearing Parents, Lori A. Volding

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

Differences in linguistic, cognitive, and social skills are known to exist between Deaf children of Deaf parents and hearing parents; differences in motor development, however, are not known between the two groups. This study was designed to compare the motor development of 14 Deaf children of Deaf parents and 15 Deaf children of hearing parents. The 11 girls and 18 boys were 4 – 9 years old; 16 were in the 4-6 age group, and 13 were in the 7 - 9 age group. The Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD) was used to assess the motor development of 29 participants who ...


Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi Dec 1997

Personal Characteristics Of Beginning, Intermediate, And Advanced Sport Performers, Danielle R. Chiesi

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Master’s Theses

This study investigated differences in six sport specific personal characteristics as a function of skill level. The characteristics included competitive trait anxiety, trait self-confidence, concentration, mental preparation skills, achievement motivation, and leadership. A self-evaluation questionnaire was administered to students in beginning, intermediate, and advanced physical education activity classes at the State University of New York, College at Brockport. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) and multiple comparison test statistics were used to analyze differences for each of the six personal characteristics and a mental toughness composite score across the three groups of performers.

The results revealed significant differences in achievement motivation in ...