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Theses/Dissertations

The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Physical activity

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Effectiveness Of Physical Activity Intervention Programs On Reducing Or Eliminating Behaviors Associated With Adhd In Children, Nicholas Riniolo Dec 2020

Effectiveness Of Physical Activity Intervention Programs On Reducing Or Eliminating Behaviors Associated With Adhd In Children, Nicholas Riniolo

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent disorder typically diagnosed during childhood that affects multiple domains of a child’s life (e.g., academic, social). Core behaviors associated with ADHD include inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity which lead to the following diagnoses: inattentive type ADHD , hyperactive-impulsive type ADHD , or combination type ADHD. Commonly, ADHD is treated with psychostimulant medication and/or cognitive behavioral therapy. While these forms of treatment can be effective, they can also have negative side effects. The use of physical activity intervention (i.e., aerobic exercise, yoga, sports) may be a promising form of intervention for children ...


Factors Impacting Enjoyment In Physical Education For Children With Disabilities, Jasmine Bradwell Dec 2020

Factors Impacting Enjoyment In Physical Education For Children With Disabilities, Jasmine Bradwell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Students with disabilities have lower levels of physical activity compared to typically developing peers, which can impact the development of motor competence needed to enjoy lifelong physical activity. Enjoyment has been linked participation in physical activity. Thus, the purpose of this synthesis was to discover factors that impact enjoyment in physical education for children with disabilities. After a thorough search of the available literature, 10 research articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the critical mass. Factors contributing to enjoyment in physical education for children with disabilities were intrinsic and extrinsic. Extrinsic factors contributing to enjoyment included interaction ...


Parental Perceptions Towards Participation In Physical Activity For Children With Visual Impairments, Hannah Williams Aug 2020

Parental Perceptions Towards Participation In Physical Activity For Children With Visual Impairments, Hannah Williams

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding parental perceptions towards participation in physical activity for children with visual impairments. Previous research identified experiences, beliefs, and expectations that contributed to parental perceptions. The studies reviewed in the critical mass yielded common themes that included factors that encouraged participation in physical activity and barriers that inhibited participation in physical activity. Common barriers identified were financial constraints and a lack of accessible programming, untrained physical activity providers and difficulty finding physically and emotionally safe physical activity environments. Positive attributes that encouraged participation in physical activity included ...


Can Physical Activity Benefit Mental Health? A Synthesis Of Literature, Allison Mcconnell Aug 2020

Can Physical Activity Benefit Mental Health? A Synthesis Of Literature, Allison Mcconnell

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the benefits of physical activity, as opposed to prescription medication, on mental health, specifically the diagnosis of depression and anxiety. Within this synthesis there is research done showing data of overprescribing and a lack of healthy treatment options from this generation’s medical professionals. The studies reviewed within the critical mass highlight many factors bringing positive data to using physical activity as a treatment for depression and anxiety in many different types of ways. Studies were reviewed through the length of intervention, type of intervention, based on participant’s symptoms and medication ...


Benefits Of Physical Activity For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities, Joshua Reed Aug 2020

Benefits Of Physical Activity For Adults With Intellectual Disabilities, Joshua Reed

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of literature on benefits of physical activity for adults with intellectual disabilities. Research has indicated many benefits that could be gained through physical activity and three main themes emerged which were physical, social and emotional health. With the help of caretakers and legal guardians who aid in day to day living for adults with ID, the overall quality of life could be increased through engagement in physical activity. Areas such as daily living, overall negative health prevention and overall well-being were seen as the most prevalent factors that ...


Barriers To Physical Activity In Adolescents, Nicole Vojtisek Dec 2019

Barriers To Physical Activity In Adolescents, Nicole Vojtisek

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Physical activity is an important component to living a healthy lifestyle; however, adolescents’ physical activity levels are often very low. Thus, the purpose of this synthesis was to examine barriers adolescents face when it comes to being physically active and find out how they can be prevented or overcome. The critical mass revealed several internal and external barriers that adolescents face. These include lack of motivation/interest, lack of resources, and increased screen time. Since the research is examining adolescents, parents also played a large role in the studies. In order to address some of the barriers, strategies focused ...


Behavioral Problems And Solutions For Children With Intellectual Disabilities In Physical Activity Settings - A Review Of The Literature, Robyn Owens Aug 2019

Behavioral Problems And Solutions For Children With Intellectual Disabilities In Physical Activity Settings - A Review Of The Literature, Robyn Owens

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to review common behavior issues in children with intellectual disability, explore barriers and facilitators of participation in physical activity, and to find intervention strategies so children can participate successfully in physical activity. Of eighteen articles that were reviewed, thirteen articles were used to answer the research questions: one) what are the physical activity levels and motor skills of children with intellectual disabilities? two) what are the most common behavioral issues in children with intellectual disabilities? three) what are the facilitators and barriers to physical activity for children with intellectual disabilities? and four) what are ...


How Impactful Are Recreation Center Offerings On Youth Development?, Dillon Thompson Aug 2019

How Impactful Are Recreation Center Offerings On Youth Development?, Dillon Thompson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that recreational facilities impact youth development through programming and employee-patron interaction. The purpose of this synthesis project is to review the literature regarding quality programming within recreational facilities and the impact these programs have on youth development. Results indicate that quality facility offerings have an overall impact on youth development.


The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner Aug 2019

The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding the impact of physical activity on academic achievement. Previous research identified several factors that contribute to the increased academic achievement in school aged students as a result of fitness level and physical activity. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded themes that contributed to the understanding of how physical activity (PA) impacts academics. The types of PA interventions, who was impacted, and how they were impacted were noted as factors which affected academic achievement (AA). PA is being drastically undervalued in schools. It is important ...


The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner Aug 2019

The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding the impact of physical activity on academic achievement. Previous research identified several factors that contribute to the increased academic achievement in school aged students as a result of fitness level and physical activity. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded themes that contributed to the understanding of how physical activity (PA) impacts academics. The types of PA interventions, who was impacted, and how they were impacted were noted as factors which affected academic achievement (AA). PA is being drastically undervalued in schools. It is important ...


Parental Perspectives On Physical Education Services For Children With Charge Syndrome, Kristi Jo Lane Apr 2019

Parental Perspectives On Physical Education Services For Children With Charge Syndrome, Kristi Jo Lane

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Purpose: Although there is literature currently that addresses parental perspectives of their child’s physical education services related to specific disabilities (Columna, L., Streete, D., Hodge et. al., 2018; Dillion, S., Dolphin. Et. al. 2017; Perkins, Columna, Lieberman, & Bailey, 2013; Columna et. al., 2008; An & Hodge, 2013; Štěrbová & Kudláček, 2014), there is a lack of research in investigating parental perspectives and CHARGE Syndrome. The aim of this study was designed to explore parental perspectives with children who have CHARGE Syndrome and their experiences in physical education. Methods: In this descriptive qualitative study, the participants were 10 mothers of children with CHARGE Syndrome ages 6-23 years old. These parents completed a demographic survey and semi-structured interview discussing their perspectives regarding their child’s physical education services. Results: Three independent themes were revealed (a) holistic expectations, (b) multifaceted barriers, and (c) facilitators to quality physical education. Conclusions: The overall finding from this study that parents do find physical education services as an important part of the educational program; however, these programs currently do not meet their expectations in terms of programming, qualified physical education teachers, and mindfully implementing the general physical education curriculum in an effective means for students with multiple disabilities.


The Effect Of Team Sports On Mental Health In Adolescents, Jhon Guarin Dec 2018

The Effect Of Team Sports On Mental Health In Adolescents, Jhon Guarin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

There is research that shows the impact of physical activity and sport on the health of individuals participating. However, there is an area of research that is lacking regards to the impact of team sports on mental health, specifically amongst youth. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the effects of team sports on mental health in youth and adolescents. Research has shown that there is a positive correlation between participation in a team sport and overall mental health in youth. Despite the amount of evidence, there still needs to be additional research conducted.


Environmental Factors That Influence Physical Activity Participation In Children And Youth: A Synthesis Of The Literature, Jarrod Nash Dec 2018

Environmental Factors That Influence Physical Activity Participation In Children And Youth: A Synthesis Of The Literature, Jarrod Nash

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Physical activity participation in children and youth is widely regarded as important to ensure proper health. There are many environmental factors that contribute to children and youth being able to participate in physical activity on a daily basis. This synthesis reviewed literature regarding environmental factors that influence physical activity participation in children and youth. Data was collected using the EBSCOHOST search engine, found on The College at Brockport’s Drake Memorial Library online research website. Key words in SPORTDiscus and Academic Search Complete databases were combined to obtain 10 studies that focused on this synthesis’s purpose and research questions ...


College Intervention Programs And Their Effects On The Physical Health Of College Students, Tanner E. Mosher Dec 2018

College Intervention Programs And Their Effects On The Physical Health Of College Students, Tanner E. Mosher

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Obesity and poor health rates in this country have been a problem for years and there has been much research to show how physical activity can be a solution for this problem. Much research has been done on physical activity programs and their benefits to different populations, but specifically not much has been done in the question of college students. During these years' adolescents are vulnerable to weight gain and negative health outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on college physical activity programs and the – physical health benefits for college students. Research has shown ...


Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado Dec 2017

Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Serious disabilities are diagnosed in approximately 1 in 100 of children who have serious disabilities (Jasma, 1988). The development of the psychomotor domain in children with serious disabilities is typically below the development of their peers without special needs (Jasma, 1988). Generally, children with serious disabilities tend to be sedentary or lack opportunities to participate in physical activity compared with their peers without disabilities (Jasma, 1988). Traditional assessments such as TGMD-3 (Test of Gross Motor Development) or Brockport Physical Fitness Test, are not designed or do not have accommodations for children with serious disabilities (Grenier, & Miller, 2018). The purpose of ...


Will Physical Activity Increase Academic Performance?, Samantha Kreso Aug 2017

Will Physical Activity Increase Academic Performance?, Samantha Kreso

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project is to collectively assess and analyze the critical mass of research articles to determine if physical activity can increase academic performance. The studies that met the inclusion criteria of examining the effects of physical activity on academic performance were included in this project. The articles were analyzed by using a synthesis grid, which helped to organize and examine the methods, results and discussions. Themes, such as effects on executive functioning, effects on academic core subjects and weekly hours, were accumulated from the articles. Based upon the critical mass; the results indicate that there can ...


An Analysis Of Factors Related To Time-Dependent Vs. Acquired Aging In Males, Michael J. Potenza May 2014

An Analysis Of Factors Related To Time-Dependent Vs. Acquired Aging In Males, Michael J. Potenza

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to determine which factors impact, slow down, or even halt certain aspects of the natural aging process in males. Initial review of the topic included an examination of the aging theories found in the literature. The subsequent focus of this synthesis was on a critical mass of data based literature relating to the signs and symptoms of the aging processes. Next, the critical mass was synthesized to determine the most prominent findings in the published research regarding the slowing of the aging process in both the physical and cognitive domains. This included studies about ...