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Full-Text Articles in Education

An Analysis Of Factors Contributing To Anxiety In Athletic Performance, James Vanderhoof Dec 2017

An Analysis Of Factors Contributing To Anxiety In Athletic Performance, James Vanderhoof

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to first investigate factors associated with cognitive and somatic anxiety among athletes. Secondly, this synthesis aimed to investigate the relationship between cognitive and somatic anxiety and athletic performance. An exhaustive review of the literature yielded ten studies that were relevant to this review. Six studies examined self-confidence in relationship to anxiety; two studies examined anxiety in relationship to age and experience; two studies examined anxiety in relationship to incentives; one study examined the effects of coaching style on anxiety; and one study examined anxiety in the presence of an audience. The relationships between self-confidence ...


Physical Activity Interventions For Children With Down Syndrome: A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Maleda Funk Dec 2017

Physical Activity Interventions For Children With Down Syndrome: A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Maleda Funk

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis highlights the available physical activity interventions/programs for children with Down syndrome. More specifically, the literature review examined evidence-based research in the areas of dance and movement, balance and stability, two-wheel bicycle, strength and agility and barriers and facilitators. The literature review used peer-reviewed and scholarly articles in order to examine the most effective physical activity intervention/programs for children with Down syndrome. Results showed that all physical activity interventions/programs can be effective for children with Down syndrome, especially when developmentally appropriate modifications and adaptations are incorporated. Dance and movement programs, balance and stability exercises using virtual ...


Sport Specialization And The Creation Of Elite Soccer Athletes, Nathan Lawson Dec 2017

Sport Specialization And The Creation Of Elite Soccer Athletes, Nathan Lawson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

There are many contributing factors to sport specialization at an early age whether these are intrinsic or extrinsic motivation, parental influence and amount of practice time. There are positive and negative effects of sports specialization and sports generalization. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on sport specialization and the creation of an elite athlete in the realm of soccer. The research shows the need for sport specialization early in soccer is not necessary because it is not necessary to reach peak performance early as compared to a sport such as gymnastics. With the physical developments ...


A Review Of Literature On The College Experience Of Students Employed In Campus Recreation Programs, Domonique Sak Dec 2017

A Review Of Literature On The College Experience Of Students Employed In Campus Recreation Programs, Domonique Sak

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Student employment has become an educational fact with more students seeking work after every year. The purpose of this synthesis is to demonstrate the impact of college students who work in Campus Recreation in relation to their collegiate experience and level of job satisfaction. There has been plenty of research conducted on students in regards to the collegiate experience or job satisfaction, but not together. Selected by strict criteria, eleven accredited scholarly journal articles were examined that specifically investigated collegiate experience and job satisfaction. Other sources were used to incorporate background information. Furthermore, factors such as academic performance, leadership and ...


Abusive Behavior In Sport: When Does A Coach Cross The Line?, Margeaux Gupilan Dec 2017

Abusive Behavior In Sport: When Does A Coach Cross The Line?, Margeaux Gupilan

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

The purpose of this synthesis is to review current research about how to identify, prevent and respond to an abusive coach. A total of 12 articles were used for this literature review. Literature suggests that coaches hold a significant position of power over their athletes (Misia, Rhind, & Luzar, 2016). There is reason to believe that coaches who have a certain type of coaching style have a higher chance of being emotionally, mentally, verbally, and physically abusive towards their athletes. This synthesis aims to identify what constitutes tough coaching vs. abusive coaching.

From the literature review, a few major themes were noticed. These themes helped answer the research questions that were drawn up and provided the basis for the conclusions. Based on the literature the three conclusions were (1) the behaviors that reflect coaching abuse are accepted in sports when the intent of the coach is for the development and growth for the athlete; (2) teachers are trained and coaches are not always trained indicating a need for more formal training of coaches; and (3) high level athletes respond to different coaching styles that may include behaviors linked to coaching abuse and may, in fact prefer the behaviors.

Techniques used within sports are purposefully used in ...


Movement Therapy For School Age Children With Autism: A Review Of The Literature, Courtney Bradish Dec 2017

Movement Therapy For School Age Children With Autism: A Review Of The Literature, Courtney Bradish

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

One in every 68 children in the United States has autism spectrum disorder (ASD), affecting boys more than girls (4:1). Physical activity is important for children with ASD because it promotes life-long fitness and prevents chronic conditions. The purpose of this synthesis was to determine the most effective research-based movement therapy for children with autism, as well as discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each therapy presented. The literature review used peer-reviewed scholarly articles to examine evidencebased research in the areas of music therapy, dance therapy, yoga therapy and aquatic therapy. Results indicated family-centered music therapy (FCMT) improves the ...


Effects Of Running Up The Score In Sport, Jonathan Santana Dec 2017

Effects Of Running Up The Score In Sport, Jonathan Santana

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis highlights the effects of running up the score in sport. To examine this matter to the fullest extent, there were seven peer-reviewed articles chosen that involved the ethics of running up the score and several arguments for and against the issue. Several topics included in the articles were the anti-blowout thesis, humiliation, sportsmanship and competition. The review of literature provides information, and conclusions that support the idea that running up the score may be ethical or unethical depending on the circumstances of the game.


Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright Dec 2017

Physical Activity Events For Children: Do The Benefits Justify Time Away From Academics?, Laura L. Wright

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to research the effect that physical activity events have on children’s academic achievement. A comprehensive literary search was completed to find studies that implemented recess, classroom based physical activity, physical education, extracurricular physical activity or sports into the lives of K-12 students. Fourteen academic research reports, journal articles and scholarly peer reviewed articles between the years of 2000-2016 were chosen for the review of literature.

The differences that exist between the forms of physical activity and their impact on academic performance were examined. A strong research base for physical activity improving children ...


Effects Of Sport Specialization On Youth And Interscholastic Athletes, Joseph Innes Dec 2017

Effects Of Sport Specialization On Youth And Interscholastic Athletes, Joseph Innes

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Athletes are beginning to specialize in one specific sport more recently than ever before. There are two types of athletes, a single sport athlete, and a multi-sport athlete. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on sport specialization. More specifically the various effects specializing versus participating in multiple sports has on an athlete, both physically and mentally. Research has shown that there are positive and negative effects to both sport specialization and diversification. Further research on this topic can give athletes a better idea on what is best for them overall.


Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado Dec 2017

Evidence-Based Best Practices In Physical Activity For Children With Serious Disabilities A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Roselym M. Miranda-Mercado

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Serious disabilities are diagnosed in approximately 1 in 100 of children who have serious disabilities (Jasma, 1988). The development of the psychomotor domain in children with serious disabilities is typically below the development of their peers without special needs (Jasma, 1988). Generally, children with serious disabilities tend to be sedentary or lack opportunities to participate in physical activity compared with their peers without disabilities (Jasma, 1988). Traditional assessments such as TGMD-3 (Test of Gross Motor Development) or Brockport Physical Fitness Test, are not designed or do not have accommodations for children with serious disabilities (Grenier, & Miller, 2018). The purpose of ...


Periodization Programs And Their Effects On The Physiological Outcomes Of Collegiate Athletes, Raymond Irish Oct 2017

Periodization Programs And Their Effects On The Physiological Outcomes Of Collegiate Athletes, Raymond Irish

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Many different strength and conditioning professionals are attempting to find more efficient ways to train their athletes to improve strength, power, body mass and body composition. There are many different types of training models that are used within the realm of strength and conditioning. Therefore, the purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on periodization programs and their effects of physiological outcomes on collegiate athletes. Research has shown that both Linear and Nonlinear periodization models improved physiological outcomes of the subjects presented. With that being said, there was no sufficient evidence to which model is more efficient. Further ...


Alternative Teaching Approaches To Promote Student Motivation In Physical Education At The Secondary Level, Brittany Brace Aug 2017

Alternative Teaching Approaches To Promote Student Motivation In Physical Education At The Secondary Level, Brittany Brace

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of literature on alternative teaching approaches in physical education and their relationship to student motivation at the high school level. The self-determination theory was used throughout the critical mass of articles as a guide to measure student motivation levels. Themes were organized by varying teaching approaches used within each study. Prevalent research focused on the sport education model (SEM) as a major alternative teaching model that was useful when measuring student motivation. To provide concrete findings, more research needs to be conducted in regards to other alternative teaching styles ...


How Do Interventions Through The Self-Determination Theory Affect Middle And High School Student’S Participation In Physical Education Class?, Nicholas Droegmoeller Aug 2017

How Do Interventions Through The Self-Determination Theory Affect Middle And High School Student’S Participation In Physical Education Class?, Nicholas Droegmoeller

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Students today seem less likely to participate in physical education class because they are either disinterested, unmotivated, or are disengaged in the activity. At the secondary level, students’ disengagement in class may be due to lack of motivation. The self-determination theory has been used to help increase students’ motivation to participate in physical activity. The purpose of this synthesis research is to examine how middle and secondary students’ participation in physical education class is impacted by interventions based on the self-determination theory. It will include three different motivational conditions; psychological needs (competence, autonomy, and relatedness) in an autonomy support ...


What Are The Ergogenic Effects Of Music During Exercise?, Brianne Corigliano Aug 2017

What Are The Ergogenic Effects Of Music During Exercise?, Brianne Corigliano

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis demonstrates the positive effects of music on exercise. It focuses on the potential benefits of listening to music during exercise. It uses a theoretical framework focusing on the dissociative effect of music resulting in reduced perceived exertion, accompanied by greater output, enhanced performance, improved skill and improved mood. It also looks at the effects of variable intermediaries of the tempo and the volume of the music being used. It uses twelve, peer-reviewed, quantitative research journal articles published within the past forty years as the “critical mass.” Using the theoretical framework the synthesis demonstrates that the dissociative effect of ...


Will Physical Activity Increase Academic Performance?, Samantha Kreso Aug 2017

Will Physical Activity Increase Academic Performance?, Samantha Kreso

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project is to collectively assess and analyze the critical mass of research articles to determine if physical activity can increase academic performance. The studies that met the inclusion criteria of examining the effects of physical activity on academic performance were included in this project. The articles were analyzed by using a synthesis grid, which helped to organize and examine the methods, results and discussions. Themes, such as effects on executive functioning, effects on academic core subjects and weekly hours, were accumulated from the articles. Based upon the critical mass; the results indicate that there can ...


Factors Affecting The Experiences Of Lgbt Students In Physical Education And Sport A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Dylan Jaklitsch Aug 2017

Factors Affecting The Experiences Of Lgbt Students In Physical Education And Sport A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Dylan Jaklitsch

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge on factors affecting LGBT students’ participation in physical education and athletics. Previous research identified low levels of participation by the LGBT population in physical education and interscholastic athletics. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded factors which either encouraged or discouraged LGBT students and athletes to participate in physical education and athletics. The climate and environment, presence of interventions, safe spaces and openly “out” teammates were noted as factors which affected participation. While previous research notes that society has created a discriminatory environment for LGBT students ...


Factors That Increase Physical Activity In Youth Who Are Visually Impiared, Adam Dwyer May 2017

Factors That Increase Physical Activity In Youth Who Are Visually Impiared, Adam Dwyer

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on factors that increase physical activity for youth who are visually impaired. The selected studies for this synthesis describe barriers and facilitators that influence physical activity levels in youth ages 7-19. As Kozub and Hyun-Kyoung Oh, (2004) noted, individuals with visual impairment have reported lower levels of physical activity in relation to their same age sighted peers. It is important to understand where this population loses its ground in being regularly and adequately physically active. Research indicates several factors that have been shown to increase physical activity in young people ...


The Impact Of Coaching Styles On The Motivation And Performance Of Athletes, Mike Marcone May 2017

The Impact Of Coaching Styles On The Motivation And Performance Of Athletes, Mike Marcone

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Abstract

Previous research has been conducted on the concept of coaching styles and their impact on the motivation and performance of athletes, with results suggesting that the impact can be extremely significant. Through the different styles of coaching, coaches impact the athletes with whom they associate in different ways, while also fulfilling or neglecting the athletes’ psychological needs. Through recent research, it has been suggested that coaches who exhibit the most autonomy supportive behaviors tend to fulfill the psychological needs of athletes, resulting in the development of self-determined forms of motivation. When autonomy is supported and athletes become self-determined in ...


Effects Of Cumulative Concussions On High School And College Athletes And Concussion Prevention Strategies, Taylor Cooke May 2017

Effects Of Cumulative Concussions On High School And College Athletes And Concussion Prevention Strategies, Taylor Cooke

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Concussions are a common injury that can occur at almost any time. There are many different causes of these injuries, but athletic participation is one of the most common. There are many different ways in which sustaining multiple concussions can have an impact on your overall health and well being not only immediately after the injury, but also moving well into the future. Although these injuries cannot be completely prevented in athletics, there are steps that we can take that can help to limit the number of these injuries in athletics.


A Review Of The Campus Recreation Programming Factors Impacting The Recruitment And Retention Of College Students, Nedeljko Cvijetinovic May 2017

A Review Of The Campus Recreation Programming Factors Impacting The Recruitment And Retention Of College Students, Nedeljko Cvijetinovic

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis will highlight the impact of campus recreation programming on the recruitment and retention of college students. In order to study this matter to the fullest extent there were ten peer-reviewed articles examined that studied the campus recreation programming factors impacting the recruitment and retention of college students. Several factors that affected the recruitment and retention of college students included: Fitness and Wellness Needs, Campus Recreation Programming, Place Bonding, and Student Involvement and Integration.

The review of literature provides information, data, results, and conclusions that support the notion that the best way to recruit and retain a college student ...


A Review Of Literature On The Benefits Of Sport Education On Secondary Physical Education, Hugo Herrera May 2017

A Review Of Literature On The Benefits Of Sport Education On Secondary Physical Education, Hugo Herrera

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis will review the benefits of Sport Education on secondary physical education. More specifically, the literature review will review benefits in the topics of enjoyment, activity time and participation, skill increase, content knowledge and motivation. The literature review uses peer-reviewed and scholarly articles in order to examine the benefits in these areas. The literature review points to benefits in all these areas of physical education for secondary students and also provides results to be considered by current and future teachers. Results show that Sport Education can be especially beneficial for low-skilled and amotivated students. Sport Education can increase enjoyment ...


Living Environment Field Trips In Wyoming And Genesee Counties, New York, Breanna Hummel May 2017

Living Environment Field Trips In Wyoming And Genesee Counties, New York, Breanna Hummel

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of field trips is to engage students in hands on or real world learning opportunities. Science fairs and field trips are two examples of how students can experience out of classroom activities. Through these activities, students may understand or practice an aspect of a topic as experienced in the real world, outside of the school setting (Tal, et. al., 2014); exploring skills and physical beings, having discussions with historians or scientists, and synthesizing or analyzing information (Rohlf, 2015). Especially in science, new technology and knowledge is ever changing. Field trips allow students to practice or use technology that ...