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Elementary School Agriculture Education Pilot Program: Curriculum Development And Assessing Success, Justin Youngblood Jan 2020

Elementary School Agriculture Education Pilot Program: Curriculum Development And Assessing Success, Justin Youngblood

Creative Components

Traditionally, an Agricultural Education program has only incorporated Middle and High School programs as well as adult programs. However, for the first time in the United States, Elementary School Agriculture Education programs are being piloted in the state of Georgia. Agricultural Education programs in the United States and U.S. territories currently enroll more than 800,000 students (National FFA Organization, 2019). Based on the 2018-2019 Georgia Agriculture Education Annual Report, more than 74,549 students are enrolled in Agricultural Education Programs throughout Georgia (Georgia Agricultural Education, 2019).


From Cafeteria To Classroom: A Composting Program For The Eslie J. Parquette School, Angelica Anders Jan 2020

From Cafeteria To Classroom: A Composting Program For The Eslie J. Parquette School, Angelica Anders

Creative Components

N/A


Agriculture: An Agricultural Approach To International Perspectives, Kiley Baerg Jan 2020

Agriculture: An Agricultural Approach To International Perspectives, Kiley Baerg

Creative Components

Agricultural educators are in a unique position when it comes to approaching globalization and multicultural diversity in the classroom. Agriculture is rich with diversity as food and fibers are produced in all corners of the world. It is the perfect environment to share cultural diversity and investigate other ways of life while investigating food and fiber production. agriCULTURE is a curriculum designed to provide teachers with a resource to bring multicultural diversity into the classroom through the exploration of agriculture around the globe. The general objectives are to:

1) Increase cultural competency among secondary students.

2) Introduce students to agricultural ...


Addressing Food Insecurity: Experiential Learning Through Entrepreneurship Education In A Second Year Career And Technical Education Setting, Jorhie Beadle Jan 2020

Addressing Food Insecurity: Experiential Learning Through Entrepreneurship Education In A Second Year Career And Technical Education Setting, Jorhie Beadle

Creative Components

Food insecurity is an issue that impacts approximately eleven percent of households in the United States (Economic Research Service, 2018). According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (2008), food insecurity exists when a household has inadequate access to food supply due to social or economic reasons. In addition to access, the availability, utilization and stability of food supply also impact the food security status of a household (FAO, 2008).

High school agriculture courses offer a unique opportunity for learners interested in addressing food insecurity at the local level. This curriculum (referred to as ‘The Food ...


The Intersection Of Agricultural Education And Teaching Foreign Languages In American Elementary Schools, Kori Floyd Jan 2020

The Intersection Of Agricultural Education And Teaching Foreign Languages In American Elementary Schools, Kori Floyd

Creative Components

This project explores the intersection of agricultural education and teaching foreign languages in American elementary schools. The project was created to address the need to expose young children to the benefits of agriculture and foreign languages, which would potentially develop into a global career option, as agriculture is projected to become a sustainable industry in the 21st century job market. Furthermore, elementary students would benefit from learning about agriculture through foreign language education due to the large Spanish-speaking population that works in the agriculture industry in the United States. Elementary students from English-speaking households will gain a cultural perspective ...


The Development Of A Blended Education Course For Individuals To Establish A Self-Sufficient Small Farm Or Acreage, Christa Lynn Hartsook Jan 2020

The Development Of A Blended Education Course For Individuals To Establish A Self-Sufficient Small Farm Or Acreage, Christa Lynn Hartsook

Creative Components

This document details an Extension program developed by Christa Hartsook, graduate student in Agricultural Education and Studies, for the fulfillment of her master’s degree. The Homegrown Lifestyle course trains acreage owners how to manage their acreages, grow food for themselves and perhaps provide a supplemental income. This program is also beneficial to those residents who desire to live on an acreage, but lack an agriculture upbringing to know best management practices for common agricultural challenges on a small farm.


Developing An Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Program In Forensics And Biology At Iowa State University, James Kruse Jan 2020

Developing An Interdisciplinary Undergraduate Program In Forensics And Biology At Iowa State University, James Kruse

Creative Components

Forensic Science has become a buzz word in modern day society. With this, there is a growing interest in the field and an increase in academic programs being developed at the college level. Currently, Iowa State University does not have a set forensic science undergraduate program available for students wishing to pursue a career as a forensic criminalist. Due to this, some students are entering programs that will not adequately prepare them for the career they wish to pursue post-graduation. The document to follow details the construction of such a program utilizing the current American Academy of Forensic Science accreditation ...


Epigenetic Variation In A Reptile With Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination And Inspiring A Diverse Future For Stem, Daniela Victoria Flores Jan 2019

Epigenetic Variation In A Reptile With Temperature-Dependent Sex Determination And Inspiring A Diverse Future For Stem, Daniela Victoria Flores

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Vertebrates with temperature-dependent sex determination (TSD), a mechanism that relies on incubation temperature to irreversibly determine the sex of developing embryos, are threatened by ongoing changes in climate and local environmental conditions. Previous studies have suggested that behavioral and molecular plasticity in this system may provide opportunities for these species to adapt to these changes. Although decades of research have uncovered key aspects, a complete molecular mechanism of TSD remains elusive. Epigenetic studies have the potential to unlock crucial information previously cryptic in traditional genetic studies. Recent studies have shown that environmental factors and maternal effects can greatly influence an ...


Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash Jan 2019

Effects Of Preseason Concussion Education On Self-Reported Likelihood And Confidence In Concussion Reporting, Dana Edward Cash

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Around three million concussions happen in the United States from sport and recreational activity alone, and it is estimated 50% of concussions go undiagnosed. Collegiate athletes have been found to not report their symptoms of concussion mainly because they felt their symptoms were not severe enough and they did not think there were any long-term consequences from continuing to play. This study attempts to find if preseason concussion education for collegiate hockey players and club athletes changes their perceptions about concussions, and if these changes are maintained after returning to sport/competition. This study used three identical surveys over three ...


Engaging Adult Learners In Extension Programming, Brooke Thelen Jan 2019

Engaging Adult Learners In Extension Programming, Brooke Thelen

Creative Components

Extension staff and faculty generally come to their Extension careers with technical content knowledge and lack the skills necessary for engaging the adult learner, thus a need arises for educational tools on engaging adult learners for Extension. A brief overview of Extension history followed by a literature review focused on andragogy, Extension education methods, and various educational activities and methods provides the basis of the project. The results of the literature review produced four tools adult educators can use to add variety to adult education programs and further engage adult learners. The products, quick start guides to a flipped classroom ...


Grain Marketing 101, Logan Worden Jan 2019

Grain Marketing 101, Logan Worden

Creative Components

The farming industry is a tough and chaotic one. Grain farmers are pulled in numerous directions and wear many hats to accomplish their annual task of raising commodities at a profitable level. Many farmers find grain marketing to be one of the most challenging components when farming, but also one of the most important. The purpose of this project aims to assist in managing risk when marketing grain by educating producers, landlords, and bankers on the markets, explaining strategies for selling grain, and organizing those sales across multiple crop years. The Grain Marketing 101 project has found success with Southern ...


Curriculum For Foods Of Animal Origin At Ellsworth Community College, Kaitlyn Bartling Jan 2019

Curriculum For Foods Of Animal Origin At Ellsworth Community College, Kaitlyn Bartling

Creative Components

No abstract provided.


The Growing Together Project: Understanding Impacts On Field Day Attendees And Iowa Master Gardeners, Laura Irish Jan 2018

The Growing Together Project: Understanding Impacts On Field Day Attendees And Iowa Master Gardeners, Laura Irish

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Citizen science has been shown to be an effective tool for increasing data collection, as well as a great benefit to those who participate in the research project. The rising costs and limited funding for conducting large-scale research projects make citizen science projects valuable assets for researchers. Understanding the impact of citizen science projects on the volunteers must be done to better engage with and retain the volunteers. The Growing Together project, a partnership between the ISU Extension and Outreach Master Gardener program and the Human Sciences Extension, was created to increase food security in Iowa. The two major components ...


Perceptions Of Middle, High School And Community College Agricultural Teachers In Iowa Regarding Agricultural Awareness Concepts And Activities In The Middle School Curriculum: Grades 7-9, Abisoye Oyeyinka Odubanjo Jan 2018

Perceptions Of Middle, High School And Community College Agricultural Teachers In Iowa Regarding Agricultural Awareness Concepts And Activities In The Middle School Curriculum: Grades 7-9, Abisoye Oyeyinka Odubanjo

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Teachers are relied upon to teach basic agricultural knowledge among young learners who are devoid of real-world agricultural experiences. The middle school serves as a tool for achieving this goal because self and environmental awareness, and career choices begin at this educational stage. Since agricultural teachers are the major driver of agricultural education program in the middle school, their perceptions regarding this program are important. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceptions of agricultural teachers regarding teaching agriculture and selected course content in the middle school. The Theory of Planned Behavior was used as a theoretical framework ...


Training Reduces The Drawing Detriments Associated With Categorical Perception, Larissa F. Arnold Jan 2018

Training Reduces The Drawing Detriments Associated With Categorical Perception, Larissa F. Arnold

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous research suggests that categorical perception may interfere with a novice artist’s ability to accurately draw simple shapes. Specifically, when asked to draw two shapes of slightly different sizes, participants tend to exaggerate the categorical difference between the two and draw the small shape too small. Similarly, participants tend to draw oblique angles more oblique than they should be when they are close to perpendicular or overlapping. The current set of experiments investigated whether these categorical errors could predict participants’ drawing ability on a more complex drawing task. A simple linear regression revealed that categorical errors in angle could ...


Implementation Of The Food Safety Modernization Act Among Fruit And Vegetable Processors In The North Central Region, Jacques Ludwig Alexander Overdiep Iii Jan 2018

Implementation Of The Food Safety Modernization Act Among Fruit And Vegetable Processors In The North Central Region, Jacques Ludwig Alexander Overdiep Iii

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is a food safety law that changed the way food companies are regulated to prevent foodborne illnesses. The FSMA Preventive Controls for Human Food rule was released September 2016 for facilities in manufacturing, processing, packing, and holding of human food. The North Central Region (NCR) Center for FSMA Training, Extension and Technical Assistance was founded by the Food and Drug Administration to assist with the education of processors around the Midwest. The NCR Center funded a project with three phases designed to help small fruit and vegetable processors in the Midwest understand their relationship ...


Coaching For Success; Iowa Livestock Judging Coaches Manual, Ashley Wiebe Jan 2018

Coaching For Success; Iowa Livestock Judging Coaches Manual, Ashley Wiebe

Creative Components

The purpose of this creative component is to design a tool for 4-H and FFA livestock judging coaches to use to strengthen their team and teach their students. Livestock judging team participation helps students grow in skills including, but not limited to, communication, confidence, animal evaluation, decision-making, competitiveness, self-motivation, organization, self-discipline, and the ability to accept criticism. A manual was put together as visual material coaches could reference and reuse as they choose. Materials were gathered from 20 years of 4-H, FFA and collegiate livestock judging experiences, as well as coaching and studying other successful coaches techniques to training their ...


Perceived Distance And Instructional Design In Online Agriculture And Life Science Courses, Yahya S. Alotibi Jan 2018

Perceived Distance And Instructional Design In Online Agriculture And Life Science Courses, Yahya S. Alotibi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to describe relationships between factors that influence perceived transactional distance (course structure, course interaction, and learner autonomy) and instructional design aspects that help to reduce transactional distance from the learner's perspective. Using Transactional Distance Theory. Specifically, the study sought to identify the extent to which learners felt they were distant from their online course and describe relationships between online students’ perceived distance and factors of transactional distance (course structure, interactions, and learner autonomy).

An online survey was disseminated to 271 students who enrolled in online courses in the College of Agriculture and ...


Determining Why Agricultural Educators Are Leaving The Profession And How To Increase The Retention Rate, Jay Solomonson Jan 2017

Determining Why Agricultural Educators Are Leaving The Profession And How To Increase The Retention Rate, Jay Solomonson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The field of agricultural education has experienced a consistent labor shortage the past several decades. Consequently, many school districts struggle to fill their open positions, while others are forced to shut down their agricultural programs completely due to inadequate staffing. Research indicates teacher attrition as a predominant factor behind the teacher shortage. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to determine why agricultural educators are leaving the profession and identify potential action steps to alleviate the problem. Specific objectives included: (1) identify factors influencing current agricultural educators’ decision to leave or stay in the profession; (2) determine factors associated with ...


The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman Jan 2017

The Effects Of Prequestions On Classroom Learning, Shuhebur Rahman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Previous laboratory studies have shown that the use of prequestions (questions deployed prior to a learning episode) improves students’ learning. The current study addressed whether these same effects would occur when using prequestions in a classroom setting. In a classroom study the effects of prequestions on immediate and on delayed retention were assessed where some students received questions before lecture (Prequestion Group) and other students did not (Control Group). To determine the immediate effects of prequestions all students were given an end of class quiz in which students in the Prequestion Group had to answer the prequestions as well as ...


Team-Based Learning In An Undergraduate Capstone Course: Examining The Effectiveness Of A Learner-Centered Instructional Method For Farm Management And Operation Students, Op Mccubbins Jan 2016

Team-Based Learning In An Undergraduate Capstone Course: Examining The Effectiveness Of A Learner-Centered Instructional Method For Farm Management And Operation Students, Op Mccubbins

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation was to describe the effectiveness of Team-Based Learning (TBL) in an undergraduate capstone course within the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Iowa State University. The effectiveness of TBL was measured in three ways, as outlined in the objectives for this study. The objectives were to: (1) Describe student perceptions regarding their beliefs and attitudes about learning, motivation to learn, and professional development through critical thinking; (2) Examine student engagement in a TBL formatted course via student reported frequency of engagement activities compared to instructor-rated importance of engagement activities; (3) Explore the impact a ...


Using A Pen Pal Program To Assess Student Learning Through Culture And School Gardens, Samantha Kae Green Jan 2016

Using A Pen Pal Program To Assess Student Learning Through Culture And School Gardens, Samantha Kae Green

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Youth at two schools (St. John, USVI and West Liberty, IA) participated in the I Grow Culture Pen Pal Program. The purpose of the 9-week program was to evaluate middle school student's increase in knowledge and confidence related to communicating local gardening, cultural understanding and sustainability. The collaborating schools were specifically chosen because they each meet the criteria of having a garden for middle school students to integrate English and science into their agriculture curriculum. The objectives of this program were to increase awareness of garden sustainability, understand place-based gardening and environmental sciences, while establishing a garden-based distance cultural ...


“They Don’T Get The Respect They Should”: An Examination Of Visual Communication Disciplinary Practices In Composition And The Biological Sciences, Erin Bethany Zimmerman Jan 2016

“They Don’T Get The Respect They Should”: An Examination Of Visual Communication Disciplinary Practices In Composition And The Biological Sciences, Erin Bethany Zimmerman

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study investigates the similarities and differences of visual communication practices and conventions in the composition and biological sciences disciplines. Although scholars and instructors in Writing across the Curriculum (WAC) and composition have examined disciplinary differences in written communication, little is known about disciplinary differences of visual communication. While writing has been the central focus of composition classes, visuals are often key components of the composing process for individuals working in natural sciences fields like the biological sciences.

This dissertation reports the results from a two-part qualitative analysis research project: 1) an examination of how composition and general science-writing textbooks ...


Ratios And Benchmarks As Tools For Local Food Hub Decision-Making: A Comparative Case Study, Savanna May Lyons Jan 2016

Ratios And Benchmarks As Tools For Local Food Hub Decision-Making: A Comparative Case Study, Savanna May Lyons

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Food hubs, or local food aggregation and distribution businesses, are triple-bottom-line firms that play an increasingly important role in connecting small and mid-sized farmers to wholesale and retail markets. This paper explores how food hubs can use their financial data to identify and address strengths and challenges in their operations. We propose a “dashboard” of key metrics and benchmarks for food hub managers, and apply it a comparative case study of four food hubs over three years of operations. We compare and contrast the liquidity, cash flow, efficiency, solvency and repayment capacity of the four cases, and analyze cross-cutting themes ...


Biological Diversity In The Biology Classroom: Teachers' Approaches, Attitudes, And Knowledge, Krystal Rachelle Wikstrom Jan 2016

Biological Diversity In The Biology Classroom: Teachers' Approaches, Attitudes, And Knowledge, Krystal Rachelle Wikstrom

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Many biological scientists agree that our planet is experiencing a loss of biological diversity, and the available data provide support for the conclusion that the Earth may be facing a sixth mass extinction event. It is essential that the people of the world understand the threats that we face as a result of the loss of biodiversity. An important place to improve understanding is in our secondary school classrooms, as tomorrow’s conservation-minded citizens are today’s students. Before we can reach out to the students with this information, it is important to understand the current state of biodiversity education ...


Associations Between The Family Nutrition And Physical Activity Screening Tool And The Youth Activity Profile, Kimberly Ann Klimesh Jan 2015

Associations Between The Family Nutrition And Physical Activity Screening Tool And The Youth Activity Profile, Kimberly Ann Klimesh

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Childhood obesity affects one third of children and adolescents and is expected to increase in coming years. Obesity has been linked to both genetic and environmental factors with more recent research focusing on the role parents play in childhood obesity. The Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) Screening tool was developed to provide practical ways to evaluate home obesogenic environments. However, no study to date has examined associations between FNPA scores and child behaviors. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine associations between FNPA scores from parents and child reported lifestyle behaviors as assessed by an established self-report ...


Motivation And Retention Of Iowa’S Master Gardener Volunteers, Bryn Takle Jan 2015

Motivation And Retention Of Iowa’S Master Gardener Volunteers, Bryn Takle

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Retention of participants in volunteer organizations has been shown to be not only a challenge, but also a great benefit to the organization. Rising costs of training and continuing education make each interaction valuable from both perspectives. Volunteer opportunities are abundant but must be meaningful and engaging for the participants in order to keep them involved. Using electronic survey software, Iowa Master Gardeners were asked to respond to a series of questions investigating 1) the current demographics of the population, 2) reasons volunteers associate with the Master Gardener program, and 3) the continuing education topics and delivery methods most preferred ...


Emerging Issues In The U.S. Corn Belt: Infection Of Corn By Clavibacter Michiganensis Subsp. Nebraskensis And Use Of Foliar Fungicides To Protect Yield, Salome Mallowa Obura Jan 2015

Emerging Issues In The U.S. Corn Belt: Infection Of Corn By Clavibacter Michiganensis Subsp. Nebraskensis And Use Of Foliar Fungicides To Protect Yield, Salome Mallowa Obura

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Currently two major issues pertaining to disease management in corn production in the US Corn Belt are the spread of Goss's wilt and leaf blight caused by Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Cmn), and the use of foliar fungicides on corn for `plant health' benefits. This dissertation presents data regarding infection of corn by Cmn, and fungicide effects on disease management and yield.

Greenhouse and laboratory research was undertaken to determine if infection of corn by Cmn may occur without severe wounding, such as that caused by hail, sand blasting or wind damage. Corn plants with no obvious wounding were ...


Pedology Of Corn Productivity Indices For Selected Parts Of Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama Jan 2015

Pedology Of Corn Productivity Indices For Selected Parts Of Southern Highland Zone Of Tanzania, Johnson Godlove Mtama

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Scientific investigations to determine land use planning and interpretations for corn productivity potential in the Southern Highland Zone of Tanzania were conducted. The assessment of soils corn growth potential has been conducted in four selected pedons namely; Uyole, Mbimba, Inyala and Seatondale. Pedological, physical, chemical characterization and an attempt to develop the pedotransfer functions were done. The results show that the soils have deep to very deep sola, subangular blocky structures, evidence of pedogenic clay movement, fine to coarse texture, bulk density ranged from 0.79 to 1.46 g/cm3, pH ranged from slightly acidic to slightly alkaline, cation ...


A Proposed Model For Designing Children's Health-Focused Serious Games, Whitley R. Kemble Jan 2014

A Proposed Model For Designing Children's Health-Focused Serious Games, Whitley R. Kemble

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rising incidence of chronic health problems among children demands greater consideration of children as primary users of health learning materials. Current formats of this information may not be suitable format for their needs. Video games present a more viable option for understanding complex health concepts underlying such conditions. Serious games in particular may fill this need, however there are few resources specific to the design of health-focused serious games. Learning, gameplay, and usability are all important components of serious gaming. A thorough analysis of 12 models used in each of these disciplines guided development of a new 15-point model, which ...