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Full-Text Articles in Education

Contact With Early Childhood Education Programs And Child Abuse In Cambodia: The Role Of Mothers' Agency And Involvement In Early Stimulation Activities, Kelly Ranae Grace Jan 2019

Contact With Early Childhood Education Programs And Child Abuse In Cambodia: The Role Of Mothers' Agency And Involvement In Early Stimulation Activities, Kelly Ranae Grace

Theses and Dissertations

With nearly half of Cambodian children experiencing physical violence before the age of 18, the Cambodian government is turning to early childhood education programs to decrease child abuse and support child protection. Globally, and in Cambodia, ECE prog


A Global-Local Paradox: The Influence Of International Schools On Egyptian Students, Ericka Lynn Galegher Jan 2019

A Global-Local Paradox: The Influence Of International Schools On Egyptian Students, Ericka Lynn Galegher

Theses and Dissertations

This study seeks to understand the influence of global-local connections in the context of international schools in Egypt. Specifically, how does the international and local orientation of elite, international schools in Egypt influence Egyptian students’ orientations towards the self, others, and the broader society? Quantitative subquestions explored include: What is the orientation of elite, international schools in Egypt? What global and local inputs have the greatest significant influence on this process? Qualitative questions include: What role do international schools play in legitimizing and cultivating cosmpolitanism in these privileged students? How do privileged students interpret and use the skills and dispositions ...


Teachers Matter: Traditional And Non-Traditional Teacher Quality Measures In India, Preeti Kumar Jan 2019

Teachers Matter: Traditional And Non-Traditional Teacher Quality Measures In India, Preeti Kumar

Theses and Dissertations

AbstractIn this age of educational globalization, much focus is on teacher quality as a factor to improve education quality worldwide. In India, teacher quality is blamed for the poor performance on the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009. Policymakers are, therefore, looking at teacher quality as a measure to improve student performance. Through content analysis, this study investigates teacher quality in India using evidence from the National Curriculum Framework (NCF 2005), National Curriculum for Teacher Education (NCFTE 2009), and the National Policy on Education (NPE 2016). Furthermore, this study uses data collected from PISA 2009 testing to analyze teacher ...


Digital Inequality In Access And Achievement For Students: Germany’S Adoption Of The European Commission Digital Education Action Plan, Obioma Chiemela Okogbue Jan 2019

Digital Inequality In Access And Achievement For Students: Germany’S Adoption Of The European Commission Digital Education Action Plan, Obioma Chiemela Okogbue

Theses and Dissertations

Much like social and economic inequality, digital inequality has established itself as an important facet of societal inequality that must be observed critically if students are to succeed in the emerging knowledge economy. This research studies digital inequality in the German context as a result of the current adoption of the Digital Education Action Plan recommended and legitimized by the European Commission using a social exclusion perspective. The research used data gathered by Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) 2015 from the fourth-grade German participants to first of all understand the relationship between at home access to the ...


Tutorial Schools In Thailand: Perceptions And Motivations Of Thai High School Students, William J. Jones, Douglas Lee Rhein Sep 2018

Tutorial Schools In Thailand: Perceptions And Motivations Of Thai High School Students, William J. Jones, Douglas Lee Rhein

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

The article explores the motivation of Thai secondary school students who chose to enroll in private tutorial institutes. The research draws on primary qualitative data compiled from structured interviews utilizing a comparative perspective to provide insight into perceptions of tutorial versus formal secondary education. The evidence presented here suggests that Thai secondary students have two clear motivations for consuming and engaging in private tutorial education: (1) the belief that tutorial classes will provide them with better educational performance as measured by their grade point average and performance on standardized tests, and (2) a service-driven motivation where tutorial educators provide student-centered ...


Redefining The Experience Of Raising A Child With Disabilities In Tajikistan, Katherine Lapham Aug 2018

Redefining The Experience Of Raising A Child With Disabilities In Tajikistan, Katherine Lapham

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores the relationship between empowerment and social capital formation among mothers of children with disabilities in Tajikistan as a result of their participation in parent associations. Mothers of children with disabilities in Tajikistan face extreme social stigma because of traditional beliefs that their child’s disability is a reflection of their own sinful behavior. This results in a wide variety of overt discrimination for both mother and child. This can include institutionalization of children from birth, withholding medical care at birth or in early childhood, purposefully mislabeling a disability as “birth trauma” in hopes of protecting the mother ...


International Students In Their Own Country: Motivation Of Vietnamese Graduate Students To Attend A Collaborative Transnational University, Christina W. Yao, Crystal E. Garcia Jan 2018

International Students In Their Own Country: Motivation Of Vietnamese Graduate Students To Attend A Collaborative Transnational University, Christina W. Yao, Crystal E. Garcia

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Higher education institutions in Vietnam have embraced opportunities to collaborate internationally to address specific educational needs that have emerged as a result of an accelerated economic and political society. The shift to a global market-driven economy has resulted in the need to produce better prepared graduates, advance in technology, and a shift in teaching and learning practices. In this study, we examine the motivations of 22 Vietnamese graduate students to attend Vietnamese-German University (VGU). The site is of particular importance because VGU is a true collaboration between two different governments, resulting in a collaborative transnational university. The findings from this ...


Teacher Quality Discourse And The Institutionalization Of Educational Reforms: Social Capital And Teacher Self-Efficacy Across 31 Countries, Joseph P. Brereton Jan 2018

Teacher Quality Discourse And The Institutionalization Of Educational Reforms: Social Capital And Teacher Self-Efficacy Across 31 Countries, Joseph P. Brereton

Theses and Dissertations

A teacher quality discourse has emerged, disseminated globally by a network of international organizations. Reform efforts, therefore, have become institutionalized in the global sphere, making it increasingly likely that educational systems adopt similar models to improve the quality of their teaching force. Although the accountability functions of individual teacher evaluation have often been given primacy in policy documents, Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) and development-oriented principal observation and feedback are increasingly promoted as means by which to develop teacher quality. Despite the diffusion of these policy strategies, there is little international research to determine their effectiveness.The purpose of this study ...


Factors In Immigrant Higher Education Attainment Among Income Groups In The United States, Sam Hopp Jan 2018

Factors In Immigrant Higher Education Attainment Among Income Groups In The United States, Sam Hopp

Theses and Dissertations

This research investigated the attainment of bachelor degrees by students from different immigrant generational backgrounds and income levels in the United States through the additional family capital variables of student educational expectations, parental educational attainment, and two-parent households. As the nation continues to mature, gaps in higher education attainment between income groups continue to expand. The educational attainment of students across income groups and among immigrant generations has significant implications for the nation’s future regarding equality and workforce capabilities. This study explored how family capital interacts with income and generational status to influence the completion of bachelor degrees. The ...


Understanding Orphanhood In Russia: Education As A Bridge To (No) Where?, Marina Kudasova Jan 2018

Understanding Orphanhood In Russia: Education As A Bridge To (No) Where?, Marina Kudasova

Theses and Dissertations

Orphans in Russia have been widely discussed as one of the most marginalized groups. However, the mass media as well as academic literature have presented largely generalized accounts of orphans’ lives and there has been no clear understanding about how these children experienced transition from their childhood to adulthood. The statistics on orphanage graduates show that the majority of them become alcohol or drug addicts, end up in jail, or commit suicide. Not only there is no clear answer as to why it is happening, but also the role of education in shaping orphans’ life trajectories has never been previously ...


International Accreditation And The Standards Of Us Regional Accrediting Agencies, Calley Stevens Taylor Jan 2018

International Accreditation And The Standards Of Us Regional Accrediting Agencies, Calley Stevens Taylor

Theses and Dissertations

In addition to accrediting American colleges and universities that enroll over 20 million students a year, the US regional accrediting agencies also accredit international institutions. Existing research on international accreditation has not previously investigated the impact that international activity might have on the standards used by US regional accreditors. Examining the changes in accreditation standards from 2000 to 2017, relative to regional accreditation agencies’ international activity over the same period, this research found that international activity is associated with changes in accreditation standards. In particular, international accreditation was found to be associated with the content of accreditation standards pertaining to ...


Secondary Social Studies Curriculum In Post-Genocide Rwanda As Mediated By Unesco And Post-Holocaust Education In Germany, Petrina Maria Davidson Jan 2018

Secondary Social Studies Curriculum In Post-Genocide Rwanda As Mediated By Unesco And Post-Holocaust Education In Germany, Petrina Maria Davidson

Theses and Dissertations

This research examines the interaction between international governmental organizations (IGOs) and national governments around the development of secondary social studies curriculum in post-genocide contexts, with a special focus on the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization's (UNESCO) involvement with secondary social studies curriculum development in Rwanda. This research also explores the existence and development of a set of international norms and expectations regarding the development of curriculum in post-genocide contexts, a model which can be traced back to Germany following World War II, including both post-Holocaust education in Germany and Holocaust education more broadly. UNESCO, which plays a ...


School Enrolment And Attendance For Children With Disabilities In Kenya: An Examination Of Household Survey Data, Peter Moyi Dec 2017

School Enrolment And Attendance For Children With Disabilities In Kenya: An Examination Of Household Survey Data, Peter Moyi

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

While evidence confirms that children with disabilities face significant obstacles to schooling, especially in low-income countries like Kenya, there is limited empirical research on which to develop policy. The government of Kenya has long neglected the plight of people with disabilities. Despite numerous policy recommendations from the various education commissions, few, if any, have been fully implemented. Despite the rich information that may inform policy, household surveys are an overlooked source of data on children with disabilities. Therefore, using two sources of household survey data, this paper examines school enrolment and attendance patterns for children with disabilities in Kenya. The ...


The Pedagogical Needs Of Children And Adults Living In The Calais Jungle Refugee Camp: Existential Issues And Perspectives Of Volunteer Teachers And Workers, Theresa C. Bodon, Nancy K. Votteler Sep 2017

The Pedagogical Needs Of Children And Adults Living In The Calais Jungle Refugee Camp: Existential Issues And Perspectives Of Volunteer Teachers And Workers, Theresa C. Bodon, Nancy K. Votteler

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study aimed at examining the pedagogical needs and challenges of children and young adults living in a refugee camp in France known as the Calais Jungle. Through the researchers’ observations and interviews with volunteer teachers and workers at the camp, insights into their perspectives shed light on the pedagogical needs of refugees. Also, utilizing Paulo Freire’s philosophical stance, this study provides a contextual approach to the educational practices and ideological viewpoints represented within unregulated refugee camp settings.


Improving Primary Education In Pakistan: An Examination Of The Association Between School Autonomy And Children's Learning Outcomes, Bushra Rahim Aug 2017

Improving Primary Education In Pakistan: An Examination Of The Association Between School Autonomy And Children's Learning Outcomes, Bushra Rahim

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of the delegation of financial authority to public primary schools through Parent-Teacher Councils (PTCs) on learning outcomes of primary school children in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) province, Pakistan. The learning outcomes were measured in three subject areas (Urdu, English, and Mathematics). Three sources of data were used: a) Education Management Information System (EMIS), which is obtained from the Ministry of Education KP and is an official compilation of institutional data on education; b) Annual Status of Education Reports (ASER), which is a household based, citizen led survey for evaluating the ...


Does Computer Use Matter? The Influence Of Computer Usage On Eighth-Grade Students’ Mathematics Reasoning, Rachel A. Ayieko, Elif N. Gokbel, Bryan Nelson Apr 2017

Does Computer Use Matter? The Influence Of Computer Usage On Eighth-Grade Students’ Mathematics Reasoning, Rachel A. Ayieko, Elif N. Gokbel, Bryan Nelson

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study uses the 2011 Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study to investigate the relationships among students’ and teachers’ computer use, and eighth-grade students’ mathematical reasoning in three high-achieving nations: Finland, Chinese Taipei, and Singapore. The study found a significant negative relationship in all three countries between out-of-school computer usage of eighth-grade students and their mathematics reasoning scores. The study points to the fact that computer use out of school does not improve students' development of mathematics reasoning across the three contexts. Additionally, the more teachers had students use computer technology for higher-order thinking skills, such as for processing ...


Book Review: Halma, R. & Oplinger, C. S. (2001). The Lehigh Valley: A Natural And Environmental History. University Park, Pa: The Pennsylvania State University Press. 361 Pages. Isbn: 0271020946., Minh Thi Ngoc Pham Apr 2017

Book Review: Halma, R. & Oplinger, C. S. (2001). The Lehigh Valley: A Natural And Environmental History. University Park, Pa: The Pennsylvania State University Press. 361 Pages. Isbn: 0271020946., Minh Thi Ngoc Pham

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

BOOK REVIEW: Halma, R. & Oplinger, C. S. (2001). The Lehigh Valley: A Natural and Environmental History. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press. 361 pages. ISBN: 0271020946.


Empowered But Not Equal: Challenging The Traditional Gender Roles As Seen By University Students In Saudi Arabia, Fawziah Al-Bakr, Elizabeth R. Bruce, Petrina M. Davidson, Edit Schlaffer, Ulrich Kropiunigg Feb 2017

Empowered But Not Equal: Challenging The Traditional Gender Roles As Seen By University Students In Saudi Arabia, Fawziah Al-Bakr, Elizabeth R. Bruce, Petrina M. Davidson, Edit Schlaffer, Ulrich Kropiunigg

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study examines perspectives of Saudi university students regarding changing gender roles as affected by women’s rights, education, employment, and activity in the public sphere. Results from a questionnaire distributed among 4,455 male and female students indicate students are confident and optimistic about improving gender equity, however resistance from those holding traditional views still exist. Female respondents are more optimistic than male respondents,seeing changes in gender roles as advantageous to their personal and professional lives. Representing a group of allies, a majority of male students regard changing gender roles positively. Men and women reported personal courage to ...


Teacher Voice In Global Conversations Around Education Access, Equity, And Quality, Charlina Gozali, Elizabeth Claassen Thrush, Michelle Soto-Peña, Christine Whang, Thomas F. Luschei Feb 2017

Teacher Voice In Global Conversations Around Education Access, Equity, And Quality, Charlina Gozali, Elizabeth Claassen Thrush, Michelle Soto-Peña, Christine Whang, Thomas F. Luschei

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Despite public commitments internationally and nationally to include the voices of all stakeholders, the voices of teachers have continued to be marginalized in the literature and in policy-making related to global educational development. The purpose of the current study is to examine the process of invoking teacher voice using a sample of international teachers participating in a US-based teacher exchange program. Toward this end, we conducted semi-structured interviews with 16 teachers from 14 countries and four continents (all participants in the Teaching Excellence and Achievement [TEA] program). Results demonstrate that teacher voice was more personal rather than systemic, narrative rather ...


Measuring Quality Beyond Test Scores: The Impact Of Regional Context On Curriculum Implementation (In Northern Uganda), Carol Anne Spreen, Jillian J. Knapczyk Feb 2017

Measuring Quality Beyond Test Scores: The Impact Of Regional Context On Curriculum Implementation (In Northern Uganda), Carol Anne Spreen, Jillian J. Knapczyk

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Although global initiatives have brought attention to the lack of quality in education systems worldwide; the question remains, how do we implement quality education? Teachers, a vital component of the education process, are not usually included in these global conversations; this results in government initiatives missing key obstacles faced by teachers daily. In this article, we used a rights-based approach to examine the Quality Educators Initiative, specifically its curricular component, as it tries to assist teachers in northern Uganda, an area whose schools and communities are vastly under-resourced and dealing with post-conflict effects. Using a mixed-methods approach, we highlight teachers ...


Enabling Access To Higher Education In Post-Socialist Mongolia: Empirical Results For Implementation And Implications Of Government Policies, Otgonjargal Okhidoi Feb 2017

Enabling Access To Higher Education In Post-Socialist Mongolia: Empirical Results For Implementation And Implications Of Government Policies, Otgonjargal Okhidoi

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This quantitative study examines the effectiveness of government financial assistance policies in access to higher education in post-socialist Mongolia as of 2012, using probabilistic, cross-sectional Household Social and Economic Survey data. Using a six-subscale composite socioeconomic status (SES) variable, the study examines the effect of SES on government financial assistance, relationship between the State Budget Organization employee status on the assistance and the SES levels. Cross tabulations and multinomial regression models were applied in the analyses. The study reveals that the design and implementation of the policies were not entirely targeted at the poor and marginalized, and demonstrates a rather ...


Book Review: Thompson, C. (2013). Leadership Re-Imagination: A Primer Of Principles And Practices (Kindle Dx Version). Kingston, Jamaica: The Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative., Donna H. Swapp Feb 2017

Book Review: Thompson, C. (2013). Leadership Re-Imagination: A Primer Of Principles And Practices (Kindle Dx Version). Kingston, Jamaica: The Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative., Donna H. Swapp

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

BOOK REVIEW: Thompson, C. (2013). Leadership Re-imagination: A Primer of Principles and Practices (Kindle DX version). Kingston, Jamaica: The Caribbean Leadership Re-Imagination Initiative.


Schooling Attainment’S Influence On Internet Adoption: Education’S Role In The Cross-National Development Of The Mass-Media Knowledge Gap, Bryan A. Mann, William C. Smith, David Baker Jan 2017

Schooling Attainment’S Influence On Internet Adoption: Education’S Role In The Cross-National Development Of The Mass-Media Knowledge Gap, Bryan A. Mann, William C. Smith, David Baker

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Research about innovation adoption underplays the role of educational attainment in the individual consumption of technology; consequently, past research underestimates the importance education plays independent of wealth in diffusion, particularly as absolute levels of formal education rise worldwide. Using data from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), this study employs clustered logistic regression to show how educational attainment of adults independently relates to household Internet adoption, net of wealth and other social factors. The results nuance and enhance discussions about the Digital Divide and the mass media knowledge gap hypothesis, showing, through a unique, cross-national dataset, that indeed there ...


English Language Educational Policy In Saudi Arabia Post 21st Century: Enacted Curriculum, Identity, And Modernisation: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach, Tariq Elyas, Omar Badawood Jan 2017

English Language Educational Policy In Saudi Arabia Post 21st Century: Enacted Curriculum, Identity, And Modernisation: A Critical Discourse Analysis Approach, Tariq Elyas, Omar Badawood

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

There has been limited research focusing on the place of culture and resulting teaching and learning identities in EFL and how these issues impact on EFL policy, curriculum and enacted curriculum, especially textbooks. Even less research has focussed on these issues in the Gulf context. Some international research has explored the role of culture and geopolitical factors affecting EFL policies in the world. Some other studies (several in the Gulf context) have explored global historical and political developments and how they have affected cultures and hence EFL curricula within those cultures. A few studies have explored the enacted curriculum (specifically ...


Provision Of Education To The ‘Hard To Reach’ Amidst Discontinuity In Nomadic Communities In Kenya, Laban P. Ayiro, James K. Sang Jan 2017

Provision Of Education To The ‘Hard To Reach’ Amidst Discontinuity In Nomadic Communities In Kenya, Laban P. Ayiro, James K. Sang

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This study explores why nomadic children in the counties of Turkana and West Pokot are left behind in the primary education process despite free primary education (FPE), and considers the variables that contribute to high dropout rates, low enrollment, poor attendance, and unsatisfactory academic achievement with a view of bringing out possible strategies to mitigate against these factors of discontinuity. Based on a study conducted in two counties in Kenya, results suggest that formal education in Kenya has not effectively served the nomadic communities. Education indicators in these counties revealed that nomadic groups are at the bottom in national statistics ...


Perceptions Of Disadvantaged Youth On Social And Economic Asymmetry: A Case Study In Hong Kong’S New Territories, Robert W. Spires Jan 2017

Perceptions Of Disadvantaged Youth On Social And Economic Asymmetry: A Case Study In Hong Kong’S New Territories, Robert W. Spires

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

Many social issues exist for marginalized youth in the New Territories of Hong Kong, despite Hong Kong’s high standard of living. Increasingly, attention is being paid to social mobility of Hong Kong’s younger generations. Youth in the New Territories face academic, economic, social and cultural barriers, in part due to tracking into low-ranked Band 3 schools. In order to better understand these barriers, this study took a phenomenological approach to understanding selected youth’s perceptions and perspectives on these barriers. This qualitative case study, being both exploratory and descriptive, developed thematic findings across interviews, field observations and document ...


Cambodian Student Council Member Traits: Emotional Intelligence And The Three Goods, Chelsea Elise Cooper Jan 2017

Cambodian Student Council Member Traits: Emotional Intelligence And The Three Goods, Chelsea Elise Cooper

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the relationship between membership in Cambodia’s student council programs, emotional intelligence, and traits of the Three Goods (good student, good child, and good friend). It also examines Cambodian educators’ and students’ concepts of emotional intelligence, Three Goods, and how Youth Council cultivates the Three Goods. The study employs mixed methods including surveys of 318 Cambodian students (grades 10-12), eight focus groups involving 62 of those students, and interviews with four school administrators. It found that Youth Council status is somewhat associated with emotional intelligence, but has an insignificant relationship with Three Goods traits. It also found ...


World Through The Eyes Of Children: A Qualitative Study Of Preschool Children’S Understanding Of The World, Anuradha Sachdev Jan 2017

World Through The Eyes Of Children: A Qualitative Study Of Preschool Children’S Understanding Of The World, Anuradha Sachdev

Theses and Dissertations

In recent years, the dominant discourses on child-centered individualistic pedagogy representing Eurocentric models and grounded in developmental psychology have been increasingly challenged. Critics pointing to the diverse contexts of childhood, and the impact of globalization and technological advancement, have questioned the universal application of the developmental paradigms. Responding to a rapidly changing post-modern world, scholars have offered alternative narratives drawing on the scholarship in various disciplines like sociology, anthropology, human geography, science studies, postmodernist, and post-structural feminist studies. Pointing to the increasingly complex and ecologically challenging world of the 21st century, these scholars propose the concepts of “common worlds” and ...


International Higher Education For Whom? Expatriate Students, Choice-Making And International (Im)Mobility In The Northern United Arab Emirates, Lee Rensimer Nov 2016

International Higher Education For Whom? Expatriate Students, Choice-Making And International (Im)Mobility In The Northern United Arab Emirates, Lee Rensimer

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

This article identifies a research gap on expatriate students attending international branch campuses in their country of residence, and presents evidence that they are insufficiently distinguished from international students in research on student mobility and choice-making. It finds that the priorities and enrollment choices of expatriates are often understood using the same analytical language as for students who migrate for the purpose of education, particularly through the use of rationalist “push-pull” models and agent-centric frameworks that approach choice and mobility as inherent to all international students. The study suggests that the enrollment choices of expatriates studying at fee-charging international institutions ...


Private Education In The Absence Of A Public Option: The Cases Of The United Arab Emirates And Qatar, Natasha Y. Ridge, Soha Shami, Susan M. Kippels Oct 2016

Private Education In The Absence Of A Public Option: The Cases Of The United Arab Emirates And Qatar, Natasha Y. Ridge, Soha Shami, Susan M. Kippels

FIRE: Forum for International Research in Education

In the face of rising demand for private schooling in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Qatar, a lack of affordable schooling options, monopolistic behavior of private education providers, and unpredictable government regulations have created a complex and unequal education sector. This research employs a mixed methods comparative approach to explore the ways in which private education providers navigate the regulatory schooling environments and assess the impact on education stakeholders in the UAE and Qatar. The study finds that there are considerable socioeconomic differences in terms of who has access to schooling and that a growing for-profit education sector may ...