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Full-Text Articles in Education

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Working Off-Track: Adjunct Labor In Higher Education, Chad Gregory Evans Jan 2018

Working Off-Track: Adjunct Labor In Higher Education, Chad Gregory Evans

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The proportion of non-tenure track faculty has grown over the last decade and adjuncts now constitute two-thirds of the academic workforce. Despite this growth, there remain important limitations to our understanding of this new faculty majority. For one, typologies for conceptualizing adjunct diversity are often poorly aligned and make limited use of information valuable for classification. This study addresses these issues by employing the multivariate typological method of cluster analysis. The analysis implied a “natural typology” for adjunct faculty and suggested important nuances for fully recognizing adjunct diversity in higher education. This dissertation also addresses limitations with regard to adjunct ...


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


The Elusive Equalizer: How Racial, Class, And Gender Inequality Persists Among College Educated Millennials, Charlene Erika Cruz-Cerdas Jan 2017

The Elusive Equalizer: How Racial, Class, And Gender Inequality Persists Among College Educated Millennials, Charlene Erika Cruz-Cerdas

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the financial well-being of college educated millennials. A four-year college degree has long been considered the great equalizer, helping young people achieve middle class status despite their own family background. However, there remain troubling racial, class, and gender disparities among millennials, a group of young people who entered the labor market just as the Great Recession of 2008 hit. The Great Recession is often understood as the greatest economic downturn since the Great Depression. Because of this, this dissertation assesses college educated millennials’ financial well-being by focusing on three outcomes of interest: student debt, earnings, and financial ...


College In Mind: A Mixed-Methods Study Of How Emerging Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities Prepare For And Transition To And Through Higher Education, Laura Carolyn Murray Jan 2017

College In Mind: A Mixed-Methods Study Of How Emerging Adults With Psychiatric Disabilities Prepare For And Transition To And Through Higher Education, Laura Carolyn Murray

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation study employs an exploratory sequential mixed methods design to investigate how emerging adults with psychiatric disabilities plan for and transition to and through college. Special attention is paid to how disclosure of disability status in educational contexts can influence both educational and recovery outcomes. Though more students with psychiatric disabilities attend American colleges and universities than ever before (Gallagher, 2014), little is known about their educational experiences prior to arrival in higher education or the strategies they employ to navigate college once there. Taking a strengths-based approach grounded in disability theory, the study conceives of college as a ...


Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2017

Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Governing bodies can and should play essential roles in advancing a glocal agenda. Governance is essential because glocal work is strategic, includes an accountability dimension and relies on the talents and perspectives governance participants can bring to the university. Boards should leverage their traditional oversight and accountability functions and their strategic work. However, to be most useful in this work, boards should also add a leadership function, in which they make sense of a dynamic environment and raise key issues for the university to address.


Becoming A Stem Teacher: A Study Of Interest In Education Careers Among First-Year Stem Majors, Seher Ahmad Aug 2016

Becoming A Stem Teacher: A Study Of Interest In Education Careers Among First-Year Stem Majors, Seher Ahmad

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Despite considerable public attention to STEM teacher shortage, little research has been done on the STEM teacher pipeline. This dissertation compares STEM majors with an interest in secondary school teaching (hereafter referred to as STEM teachers), STEM majors without an intention to enter secondary school teaching (hereafter referred to as STEM majors), and students with an interest in secondary school teaching (hereafter referred to as secondary school teachers). In this dissertation, I investigate individual, family, and institutional variables associated with students’ plans to enter STEM majors and pursue a career in education. I utilize Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) framework ...


The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar Jan 2016

The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar

GSE Publications

This chapter explores the leadership dynamics of universities through the lens of governance and the three groups of actors that play dominant roles — trustees, presidents, and faculty.3 While we recognize the important contributions of students or staff,4 this chapter focuses on the three groups most consistently influential and that are part of the formal governance structure. In addition to describing the leadership of boards, presidents, and faculty, it explores the organizational and environmental contexts of leading in the academy, select theories of leadership that pertain to higher education, and the intersection of faculty, trustee, and administrative influence.


Common Ground: Discursive Practices And The Building Of Trust Among Participants Of Executive Training Program, Christopher Thomas Jan 2016

Common Ground: Discursive Practices And The Building Of Trust Among Participants Of Executive Training Program, Christopher Thomas

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

In traditional academic instruction, the classroom may be viewed as a kind of speech community composed of an expert (the teacher) and those who are at various stages of socializing into the cultural models and norms of that community (students), although this is an overly simplistic and unilinear view. In executive development programs, students are already socialized into a professional community of importance to them, and many are pursuing learning to further develop skills to be applied in the organizational contexts in which they are already embedded and deeply invested. This dissertation begins with the conceptualization that a classroom is ...


Revealing The Role Of Higher Education In A Diverse Democracy: A Theory Of College Student Political Identity Development, Demetri Lloyd Morgan Jan 2016

Revealing The Role Of Higher Education In A Diverse Democracy: A Theory Of College Student Political Identity Development, Demetri Lloyd Morgan

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

REVEALING THE ROLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION IN A DIVERSE DEMOCRACY: A THEORY OF COLLEGE STUDENT

POLITICAL IDENTITY DEVELOPMENT

Demetri L. Morgan

J. Matthew Hartley

This dissertation sought to investigate how students make meaning of their curricular and cocurricular educational experiences while in college to better theorize how and why these experiences influence the development of their political identity. To date, research has shown that people who attend college are more likely to be civically and politically engaged compared to those who do not attend college. Yet few studies have sought to ascertain what about the totality of a person ...


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

College Affordability Diagnosis is the most comprehensive state-by-state study of college affordability since 2008, when the last Measuring Up report was completed by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education.


A Study On Mobility: Pakistani-Origin Muslim Youth In Higher Education, Mariam Durrani Jan 2016

A Study On Mobility: Pakistani-Origin Muslim Youth In Higher Education, Mariam Durrani

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

My dissertation is a multi-sited ethnography that investigates the gendered lifeworlds of transnational Pakistani-origin, Muslim college students in New York City and in Lahore, Pakistan. My ethnographic approach follows the multiple and overlapping mobility trajectories of transnational youth as marked by particular, semiotic practices and narratives. During the 16 months of fieldwork, my focal fieldsites—the hallways, dorms, student club- rooms, cafeterias, and libraries at two comparable college campuses—provided the interactional spaces where I could observe students developing their social and cultural selves. In my research, I found that the rural to urban migration pattern and concomitant imaginaries remained ...


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Essays On Residential Segregation, The Economics Of Prestige At The Elite Colleges, And Property Rights, Peter Blair Jan 2015

Essays On Residential Segregation, The Economics Of Prestige At The Elite Colleges, And Property Rights, Peter Blair

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation consists of three chapters. In the first chapter of the dissertation, I propose a new method for estimating the racial tipping points of US neighborhoods. Applying this method to US census data, I find that the average neighborhood tipping point has increased from 15% in 1970 to 42% in 2010. Moreover, I find that from 1970-2010 that differences in racial preferences play a diminishing role in explaining cross city differences in tipping points. Differences in the outside options of white householdâ??s, on the other hand, play an increasingly important role in explaining cross city differences in tipping ...


"Democracy's Colleges" Under Pressure: Examining The Effects Of Neoliberal Public Policy On Regional Comprehensive Universities, Cecilia Marie Orphan Jan 2015

"Democracy's Colleges" Under Pressure: Examining The Effects Of Neoliberal Public Policy On Regional Comprehensive Universities, Cecilia Marie Orphan

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Four million undergraduate students enroll in regional comprehensive universities each year. Numbering close to 420, these universities have been called “democracy’s colleges” in recognition of their role in facilitating educational opportunity through requiring low barriers for admission, emphasizing teaching as opposed to research, and engaging in the civic and economic life of their regions. These activities have given rise to the three elements of their public purpose; specifically, they are often student-centered, regionally engaged and open access. Despite the important function regional comprehensive universities serve, they are facing unprecedented challenges created by a neoliberal public policy context that narrows ...


The Tie That Binds: Trusteeship, Values, And The Presidential Selection Process At Ame Affiliated Hbcus, Felecia Elana Commodore Jan 2015

The Tie That Binds: Trusteeship, Values, And The Presidential Selection Process At Ame Affiliated Hbcus, Felecia Elana Commodore

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Trust is necessary to legitimize good relationships and good relationships are necessary for good governance (Kezar, 2004). Literature also suggests that social capital and networks create and establish trust (Fukuyama, 1995, Leana & Van Buren III, 1999; Orr, 1999; Beaudoin, 2011). In short, trust comes from relationships, networks, and shared connections that create comfort or familiarity with a person. This study aims to discover how trust is established during the decision making processes of boards of trustees at HBCUs. This study also aims to understand more about the role and effect of individual board members on the work of the board. The question central to ...


Exploring Historically Black College And Universities' Ethos Of Racial Uplift: Stem Students' Challenges And Institutions' Practices For Cultivating Learning And Persistence In Stem, Thai-Huy Peter Nguyen Jan 2015

Exploring Historically Black College And Universities' Ethos Of Racial Uplift: Stem Students' Challenges And Institutions' Practices For Cultivating Learning And Persistence In Stem, Thai-Huy Peter Nguyen

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Achievement in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) is a marker of racial inequality. Despite making up 13 percent of the U.S. populace, Black representation in STEM education and the STEM workforce is far from equitable. A reversal of this trend, however, exists at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), where HBCU graduates represent nearly 18 percent of STEM baccalaureate degrees awarded to Black students. Through a multi-site case study of STEM education at four HBCUs, I interviewed students, faculty and administrators involved in services and programs (i.e. undergraduate research, mentoring) specific to supporting students in the gateway ...


From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland Apr 2014

From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland

GSE Publications

This study describes the political and economic context of California and provides an overview of higher education performance during the last two decades. Our aim is to explore the policies in place within the state and the relationship between these policies and California’s declining higher education performance, and to call for a reexamination of these policies by stakeholders in order to help California meet its current and future economic needs.


Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall Jan 2014

Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

For-profit colleges have elicited wildly divergent reactions, with critics vilifying them and their executives, and supporters seeing in the institutions a necessary and laudable complement to public and nonprofit institutions. As I propose in this chapter, the truth likely lies somewhere between these extremes.


The Stories We Tell: Narratives Of Spiritual Development Of Black Undergraduates, Keon Monte Mcguire Jan 2014

The Stories We Tell: Narratives Of Spiritual Development Of Black Undergraduates, Keon Monte Mcguire

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

THE STORIES WE TELL: NARRATIVES OF SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT AMONG BLACK UNDERGRADUATES

Keon M. McGuire

Shaun R. Harper

John L. Jackson, Jr.

Discourse surrounding religion in the American public sphere, especially as it relates to young adults, primarily exists within church decline narratives; or the declining significance of faith traditions and institutions. Yet, when a framework that dismisses the role of religion and spirituality is utilized for interpreting and making sense of young adults' spirituality, interesting, revitalizing, and innovative ways in which young adults are doing spirituality and religion remain obscured. Thus, scholars must employ a different set of theories and ...


Game Not Over: Understanding How Low-Income Students Use Financial Aid And Other Resources To Persist Toward Bachelor's Degree Completion, Jamey Rorison Jan 2014

Game Not Over: Understanding How Low-Income Students Use Financial Aid And Other Resources To Persist Toward Bachelor's Degree Completion, Jamey Rorison

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Students from low-income families are not as likely as their more affluent peers to complete a baccalaureate degree. While other forces - including, but not limited to, prior academic preparation, academic integration, social integration, and engagement on campus - may influence a student's decision to persist or drop out of college, some students simply are not able to afford to pay tuition, fees, and living expenses. Over the past thirty years, the cost of college tuition and fees have increased over 500 percent, while available federal, state, and institutional financial aid programs have failed to grow at a comparable pace. Notwithstanding ...


Establishing Peace And Conflict Studies Programs In Iraqi Universities: Necessary Conditions And Short-Term Implications, Thomas Eugene Hill Jan 2014

Establishing Peace And Conflict Studies Programs In Iraqi Universities: Necessary Conditions And Short-Term Implications, Thomas Eugene Hill

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

ABSTRACT

Establishing Peace and Conflict Studies Programs in Iraqi Universities:

Necessary Conditions and Short-Term Implications

Peace and Conflict Studies was unknown as a field of academic inquiry in Iraq when the 21st century began. Just over a decade later, formal institutional entities had been established to explore the subject at three Iraqi universities. Using a participatory action research methodology, this dissertation explores two questions: 1. What are the conditions that promote or impede establishment of a university-based program in peace and conflict studies in Iraq?, and; 2. Once established, what are possible outputs and outcomes of these programs over the ...


The Four-Year College Pipeline And Factors Related To Bachelor's Degree Completion For High School Graduates, Michael Armijo Jan 2014

The Four-Year College Pipeline And Factors Related To Bachelor's Degree Completion For High School Graduates, Michael Armijo

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This study examines students' progress from high school graduation through college enrollment and completion. Much of the existing research frames high school dropout, college access, and college completion as separate phenomena; few studies examine individuals' transitions across these points. Thinking about these events as related pieces of a pathway to educational attainment is called an education pipeline perspective. This perspective is particularly useful today, given recent reforms aimed at improving high school academic achievement, preparing students for college and careers, and increasing educational attainment.

Using two nationally representative, longitudinal data sets (ELS:2002 and NELS:88) I examined changes in ...


Not All Types Of Delay Are Equal: Postsecondary Delay In The U.S. And Taking A Gap Year, Nina Depena Hoe Jan 2014

Not All Types Of Delay Are Equal: Postsecondary Delay In The U.S. And Taking A Gap Year, Nina Depena Hoe

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Postsecondary delay in the U.S. is a topic that has generated interest in the field of higher education in recent decades. Seventeen percent of U.S. students under the age of 24 who began their postsecondary education in 2004 delayed their entrance for some period of time. At the national level, studies have indicated that students who delay are not only at a disadvantage in terms of their pre-college experiences, including lower socioeconomic status and lower levels of academic preparation and achievement, but also are less likely to enroll in a baccalaureate granting institution and complete a bachelor's ...


Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Providing reflections on Prof. Vincent Tinto's South Africa lectures is an incredibly honour. Like countless other scholars and practitioners in the field of higher educatin administration, I have long relied on Tinto's work to provide a foundation for my own efforts to understand how to improve students' college-related outcomes. In his first lecture, Tinto reflects on the "flash of recognition" that occurred when he learned about Durkheim's theory of suicide. Similarly, I vividly remember reading the second edition of his book, Leaving College (University of Chicago Press), in my apartment in Ann Arbor when I was a ...


Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jan 2014

Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Once a world leader, the United States has fallen behind other nations in the educational attainment of its population. Although the percentage of adults age 45 to 54 who hold at least a baccalaureate degree is higher in the United States than in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, the United States now ranks below several other nations, including Norway, the Netherlands, Korea, New Zealand, Denmark, and Sweden, in the share of adults age 25 to 34 who hold this credential. While the U.S. invested heavily in the educational attainment of earlier generations, other nations have ...


Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness Nov 2013

Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness

GSE Publications

This document presents a set of recommendations for the Roadmap Project of the Republic of Kazakhstan developed by the Higher Education Project Team (Mary Canning, Joni Finney, Dennis Jones and Aims McGuinness). It is based on the July 2013 report Development of Strategic Directions for Education Reforms in Kazakhstan for 2015-2020.and on the reports of the Steering Committee.


What Presidents Really Think About Their Boards, Peter D. Eckel Nov 2013

What Presidents Really Think About Their Boards, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

Contrary to many recent headlines of tensions between presidents and boards, the clear majority of presidents report that their boards have a positive impact on the institution, they are satisfied overall with the baord, and they think boards are engaged at the right levels.

Understanding higher education better may help to increase board engagement...as well as micromanaging if boards, board leaders, and presidents don't have ongoing conversations about the appropriate role of the board.

Presidents and boards must work together to get governance right. Such goals require effort, intentionality, and candor.