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Full-Text Articles in Education

Racial Indirection, Yuvraj Joshi Apr 2019

Racial Indirection, Yuvraj Joshi

Yuvraj Joshi

Racial indirection describes practices that produce racially disproportionate results without the overt use of race. This Article demonstrates how racial indirection has allowed — and may continue to allow — efforts to desegregate America’s universities. By analyzing the Supreme Court’s affirmative action cases, the Article shows how specific features of affirmative action doctrine have required and incentivized racial indirection, and how these same features have helped sustain the constitutionality of affirmative action to this point. There is a basic constitutional principle that emerges from these cases: so long as the end is constitutionally permissible, the less direct the reliance on ...


Performance-Based Funding Of Higher Education: Analyses Of Policy Discourse Across Four Case Studies, Mary Ziskin, Karyn E. Rabourn, Donald Hossler Mar 2019

Performance-Based Funding Of Higher Education: Analyses Of Policy Discourse Across Four Case Studies, Mary Ziskin, Karyn E. Rabourn, Donald Hossler

Mary B. Ziskin

Performance-based funding (PBF) for public colleges and universities is increasingly prevalent worldwide, as a part of a broader pattern of marketisation in public education. This study focused on developing an empirical view of how, and in what contexts, policy makers use the concepts of neoliberal economics to design and support PerformanceBased Funding (PBF) policies in higher education. We analysed 121 policy documents, white papers, evaluation reports, and news items related to PBF policies in four case jurisdictions: Tennessee, Washington, United Kingdom, and Italy. We employed critical discourse analysis methods as framed by Fairclough and colleagues and implemented this approach within ...


Effects Of Management-Development Practices On Hospitality Management Graduates' Job Satisfaction And Intention To Stay, Edwin Torres, Howard Adler Dec 2016

Effects Of Management-Development Practices On Hospitality Management Graduates' Job Satisfaction And Intention To Stay, Edwin Torres, Howard Adler

Edwin Torres

Companies have long recognized the importance of training and developing their managers to prepare them for their short- and long-term careers. Formal management-development programs and other less formal means of management development abound in the hospitality industry. Therefore, one may ask whether the entry-level managers for whom these programs are designed perceive them to be effective. The present study explores management-development practices, procedures, and techniques, and their effects on job satisfaction and organizational commitment


The Manifest Unwisdom Of The Aaup As A Collective Bargaining Agency: A Dissenting View, Sanford Kadish, William Van Alstyne, Robert Webb Dec 2015

The Manifest Unwisdom Of The Aaup As A Collective Bargaining Agency: A Dissenting View, Sanford Kadish, William Van Alstyne, Robert Webb

Sanford Kadish

This Article addresses the current proposal for the American Association of University Professors to enforce the collective bargaining rights of its individuals. This paper advocates that the AAUP's principle resources and focus has always been centered in academia, and the organization is better equipped to advise other entities employing collective bargaining, rather than affect such change on its own.


Student Perspectives Of Political Bias In The College Classroom, Darren Linvill Aug 2015

Student Perspectives Of Political Bias In The College Classroom, Darren Linvill

Darren L Linvill

The purpose of this study was to explore how students experience political bias in the college classroom and the extent to which this bias is perceived by students in one midsized, public, land-grant university in the Southeastern United States. The current study addressed the issue of politically biased college professors in U.S. college classrooms, a matter that has gained attention in academia and the general public in recent years. A review of literature explored both partisan research and the limited available peer-reviewed research addressing political bias in the classroom. The research model, the sequential, exploratory mixed methods model, was ...


Reducing Dependence On Big Brother: Higher Education Looks For Innovative Funding Opportunities, Ralph E. Mckinney Jr., Lawrence P. Shao, Patrick A. Tissington Jan 2015

Reducing Dependence On Big Brother: Higher Education Looks For Innovative Funding Opportunities, Ralph E. Mckinney Jr., Lawrence P. Shao, Patrick A. Tissington

Ralph E. McKinney

This paper presents innovative programs that business schools can utilize to reduce dependence on public funds. A review of the literature shows the theoretical and empirical foundation of higher education funding dilemmas. While higher education is moving towards a global ambition, scarcity hinders governments to fully support programs long-term; thus, cost-sharing and cost-shifting measures must occur for higher education to support current programs. In this study, we examine two universities (one U.S. and one UK.) and provide practical summaries of programs that have provided additional funds. We show that diversity of funding sources is essential for survival of higher ...


Engaging Students With Disabilities, Kirsten R. Brown, Ellen Broido Dec 2014

Engaging Students With Disabilities, Kirsten R. Brown, Ellen Broido

Kirsten R. Brown, Ph.D.

Students with disabilities are a rapidly growing, yet historically underrepresented population in postsecondary education. Historically underrepresented groups share a common experience: all faced unwelcoming environments when initially entering higher education (Hall & Belch, 2000). Ableism (the oppression of people with disabilities) plays a powerful role in shaping the way student with and without disabilities experience the educational environments, because “[b]y assuming one normative way to do things (move, speak, learn, and so forth), society privileges those who carry out these functions as prescribed and oppresses those who use other methods” (Evans, Forney, Guido, Patton & Renn, 2010, p. 242). To create ...


On The Need To Balance Endowments And Academic Integrity, Ahmed Souaiaia Apr 2013

On The Need To Balance Endowments And Academic Integrity, Ahmed Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

As universities face revenues shortfalls due to national and global economic trends, administrators are forced to look for alternative funding streams. Some of the attractive options consist of creating satellite campuses in rich countries and accepting donors from individuals, corporations, and governments. What is the price of such new partnerships and what is the function of endowments for donors and the universities?


An Analysis Of The Relationships Between The Perceived Organizational Climate And Professional Burnout In Libraries And Computing Centers In West Virginia Public Higher Education Institutions, Arnold R. Miller Mar 2013

An Analysis Of The Relationships Between The Perceived Organizational Climate And Professional Burnout In Libraries And Computing Centers In West Virginia Public Higher Education Institutions, Arnold R. Miller

Arnold R. Miller

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between the perceived organizational climate and professional burnout in libraries and computing services units in West Virginia higher education. Research questions were defined to investigate the differences between libraries and computing services units in the perceived organizational climate, professional burnout, organizational climate vs. burnout, demographics vs. organizational climate, demographics vs. burnout, and the combined effects of demographics and organizational climate upon burnout. The Work Environment Scale (WES) Form R, third edition, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) HSS, third edition, and a demographic questionnaire measured the organizational climate, burnout, and demographics ...


Adam Smith Goes To College: An Economist Becomes An Academic Administrator, Ronald G. Ehrenberg Aug 2012

Adam Smith Goes To College: An Economist Becomes An Academic Administrator, Ronald G. Ehrenberg

Ronald G. Ehrenberg

[Excerpt] I have conducted research and taught classes on the economics of higher education for almost 20 years. I spent the last three years as a senior central administrator and executive officer of Cornell University. ... My experiences in this position opened my eyes to the use and uselessness of economic analysis in trying to help guide a major university and what I have learned is the focus of this essay. I begin by asking whether it is useful to view universities in a utility-maximizing framework, as I and others have done in the past. I show that the way universities ...


A Guidebook Of Promising Practices - Spirituality In Higher Education, Hanna Spinosa Jun 2011

A Guidebook Of Promising Practices - Spirituality In Higher Education, Hanna Spinosa

Hanna Song Spinosa

No abstract provided.


Moving From A Predominantly Teaching Oriented Culture To A Research Productivity Mission: The Case Of Mexico And The United States, Gus Gregorutti Nov 2010

Moving From A Predominantly Teaching Oriented Culture To A Research Productivity Mission: The Case Of Mexico And The United States, Gus Gregorutti

Gus Gregorutti

This study qualitatively analyzes the culture conflicts professors in the United States and Mexico are experiencing with the increasing pressures to produce more research about higher education. The first dataset was collected from 36 faculty members from 12 small and medium sized private, doctorate-granting universities. These universities are located in 11 states across the United States. The remaining data came from 44 faculty members employed at four small and medium sized private, doctoral granting universities in four states across Mexico. Results showed that universities in the US are transitioning from a predominantly teaching college culture to a more research orientation ...


Ipeds Enrollment And Graduation Report: 2007 Data (Utah Women & Education Project), Susan R. Madsen, Aaron D. King Jan 2010

Ipeds Enrollment And Graduation Report: 2007 Data (Utah Women & Education Project), Susan R. Madsen, Aaron D. King

Susan R. Madsen

Funding for this report came from a Utah State Office of Education Leadership Grant (2009-2010) and Utah Valley University. Support was also provided by the Utah System of Higher Education (USHE). The raw data used in this report was mined from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) and was analyzed by A. David King and Dr. Susan R. Madsen. Additional feedback and insights were provided by the following individuals: Susan Thackeray, Cheryl Hanewicz, Doug Gardner, Kathie Debenham, Robert Loveridge, and Nicolle Johnson. The raw data from this report was downloaded from the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS). The ...


The Value Of Higher Education For Women In Utah, Susan R. Madsen, Cheryl Hanewicz, Susan Thackeray Jan 2010

The Value Of Higher Education For Women In Utah, Susan R. Madsen, Cheryl Hanewicz, Susan Thackeray

Susan R. Madsen

This Research and Policy Brief has been written to assist Utahns in looking more broadly at the benefits of higher education for the overall development of women in the state. Whether or not a woman chooses to work outside the home, it is important that she is aware of the growth opportunities that college can provide that will assist her to reach her potential and significantly contribute in her home, community, and workplace. This report outlines various aspects of the broad value of higher education (e.g., health and wellbeing, civic and community engagement, parenting, self-development, intellectual and cognitive development ...


Ethics In Higher Education, Susan R. Madsen Nov 2009

Ethics In Higher Education, Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

This presentation focuses on the following Robinson and Moulton quote found in the book "Ethical Problems in Higher Education": The myth that institutions of higher education are sheltered from the struggles and conflicts of the “real world” is widely accepted even by people who ought to know better—those of us in academic settings who confront, struggle with, bemoan, or try to ignore the serious ethical issues that arise. People outside academia may tease us about the ivory tower world and our innocence and naiveté. With a twinge of guilt, we in academia accept their teasing because the myth tells ...


Ethics In Publishing (11 Workshops), Susan R. Madsen, James Davis Dec 2008

Ethics In Publishing (11 Workshops), Susan R. Madsen, James Davis

Susan R. Madsen

To begin raising awareness of ethics and publishing concerns and educate doctoral students (future professors and practitioners) within the Academy of Management, Davis and Madsen facilitated 60-minute segments for eleven division's doctoral student consortium at the Academy of Management conference in Chicago. We brought journal editors/associate editors with us for each of our division presentation. Divisions: Business Policy & Strategy (BPS); International Management (IMD); Management Consulting (MCD); Managerial & Organizational Cognition (MOC); Organization & Management Theory (OMT); Organization Development & Change (ODC); Organizational Behavior (OB); Organizational Communication & Information Systems (ODIS); Public & Nonprofit (PNP); Social Issues in Management (SIM); Technology and Innovation Management (TIM)


Ethics In Publishing: Professional Development Workshop, Susan R. Madsen, James Davis Aug 2008

Ethics In Publishing: Professional Development Workshop, Susan R. Madsen, James Davis

Susan R. Madsen

This PDW is all about “The Questions We Ask?” In fact, it is also about “The Questions We Should Ask!” With the fairly recent and highly publicized breaches of ethics among members of the business community, there is a need to re-examine specific strategies employed in all kinds of organizations. Many business faculty are comfortable teaching ethics in the classroom, but are we (as scholars and educators) appropriately challenging our own ethical practices? Ethics in publishing is one of the areas that many disciplines have recently been addressing. This workshop will provide faculty, administrators, and doctoral students the forum to ...


Preparing Faculty And Staff For Change, Susan R. Madsen Dec 2007

Preparing Faculty And Staff For Change, Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

It appears that our most pressing challenges in higher education require individual, departmental, and institutional change initiatives and interventions. Yet, institutional administrators, faculty, and staff, as well as business leaders, legislators, and community members often complain (and sometimes joke) about the insurmountable odds of successfully implementing and maintaining change of any type in higher education. In fact, administrators and staff often blame faculty and legislators for change problems; while faculty members pretty much blame everyone but themselves (I am a faculty member so I can get away with saying this!). However, as many would agree, dwelling on whomever or whatever ...


Ethical Codes And Practices In Higher Education (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen, James H. Davis Jul 2007

Ethical Codes And Practices In Higher Education (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen, James H. Davis

Susan R. Madsen

This ethics event is a three-part workshop that will provide faculty, administrators, and doctoral students the forum to discuss current issues and challenges related to ethical codes and practices within the higher educational arena.


So You Want To Be A Leaders In Higher Education? Developing Leadership As Women (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen Jul 2007

So You Want To Be A Leaders In Higher Education? Developing Leadership As Women (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

This insightful and innovative PDW will 1) describe some of the results of a qualitative research study on the leadership development of ten women university presidents, and 2) provide participants with an opportunity to engage in self-analysis and personal reflection. "Leadership" will be broadly framed as leading from a formal position (e.g., president, VP, dean, associate dean, department chair, or committee chair) as well as influencing without an official title or formal authority; therefore, conference attendees interested in influencing change at any level in higher education would benefit.


The Ethics Of Entitlement In Higher Education: Greater Good Versus Self Interest In The Academy, Susan R. Madsen, Scott C. Hammond Jan 2007

The Ethics Of Entitlement In Higher Education: Greater Good Versus Self Interest In The Academy, Susan R. Madsen, Scott C. Hammond

Susan R. Madsen

Higher education often pretends to support practical egalitarian organizations with access to all and openness of ideas. But in reality it is a hierarchy just like any private corporation. Individual identity determines status in the hierarchy. People jockey for changes in status. There are clear rules for moving up and down in status. This paper asks the question "Do the entitlements that we support in order to maintain the equalitarian ideal in fact work against it?"


Women University Presidents: Career Paths And Educational Backgrounds, Susan R. Madsen Dec 2006

Women University Presidents: Career Paths And Educational Backgrounds, Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

The purpose of overall research study was to explore the “lived experiences” of women university presidents in developing (throughout their lives) the knowledge, skills, abilities, and competencies required for successful leadership in higher education. The objective of this particular paper is to report qualitative research results focused on the career paths and educational backgrounds of these women presidents.


Leadership In Higher Education: Do You Have The Interest, Skills, And Commitment? (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen Jul 2006

Leadership In Higher Education: Do You Have The Interest, Skills, And Commitment? (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

This insightful and innovative two-part workshop will 1) explore the current issues affecting leadership in higher education and 2) provide participants with an opportunity to engage in self-analysis and personal reflection. "Leadership" will be broadly framed as leading from a formal position (e.g., president, VP, dean, associate dean, department chair, or committee chair) as well as influencing without an official title or formal authority; therefore, all conference attendees interested in influencing change at any level in higher education would benefit. The first 50-minute workshop segment will begin with participants completing a short questionnaire about their perceptions of the most ...


Faculty Ethics: Issues, Challenges, And Solutions (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen Jul 2006

Faculty Ethics: Issues, Challenges, And Solutions (Professional Development Workshop), Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

The Faculty Ethics event is a three-part workshop that will provide faculty, administrators, and doctoral students the forum to discuss current issues and challenges related to the ethical decision-making and behavior of faculty members within the higher educational arena. First, the facilitators will briefly outline some of the current issues, trends and supporting literature in this area (20 minutes). Areas of discussion may include work ethic, plagiarism, misrepresentation, authorship issues, grading, teaching effort, selection of service assignments, reporting contributions, evaluation, research standards/ethics, and such. Second, participants will be asked to help the list of narrow ethics issues to the ...


Women University Presidents: Career Paths And Educational Backgrounds, Susan R. Madsen Apr 2006

Women University Presidents: Career Paths And Educational Backgrounds, Susan R. Madsen

Susan R. Madsen

The purpose of this paper is to report findings related to the lived experiences of women university presidents’ in developing the knowledge, skills, abilities, and competencies required for successful leadership in higher education. More specifically, this report focuses on their educational backgrounds and career paths. Using qualitative in-depth interviews (phenomenological research methodology), ten women university presidents were interviewed for two to three hours each. Interviews were audio taped and transcribed, and theme generation techniques used. Although there were some similarities among the women in terms of educational backgrounds and employment positions, the data show that presidents can emerge from a ...


Faculty Diversity, Kyle Scafide, Barbara Johnson Aug 2002

Faculty Diversity, Kyle Scafide, Barbara Johnson

Kyle Scafide

This article presents a broad view of issues related to faculty diversity. Headings include Demographics, The Growth of Faculty Diversity as an Ideal, and Barriers in the Academic Workplace. Race, ethnicity, and gender are the most common characteristics that institutions observe in order to measure faculty diversity. An even broader approach to faculty diversity involves age, socioeconomic background, national origin, sexual orientation, and diverse learning styles and opinions. Until the latter part of the twentieth century, the professoriate in the western world was composed almost exclusively of privileged, heterosexual males of Caucasian descent. Higher education institutions are generally concerned with ...