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Full-Text Articles in Education

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra Dec 2002

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to analyze the effect of guided reading on second graders reading achievement. This study also examined the effect guided reading had on students' attitude towards reading.

The subjects included forty-two second graders from a rural school in western New York. There were two second grade classes who participated in the study. The experimental group received guided reading. The control group did not.

The researcher used Running Reading Records as the tool to determine the students' reading level. The students Running Reading Records were taken at the beginning of the study and again at the end of ...


Predictor Variables Of Performance On The Louisiana Educational Assessment Program For The 21st Century, June Adeline Thomas Oct 2002

Predictor Variables Of Performance On The Louisiana Educational Assessment Program For The 21st Century, June Adeline Thomas

Doctoral Dissertations

Using the Student Characteristics: Iowa Test of Basic Skills (ITBS) composite national percentile scores, repeating fourth grade, spring third grade Developmental Reading Assessment (DRA) scores, socioeconomic status, race, gender, and preschool attendance and the School Characteristics: teacher degree level, teacher experience, teacher professional development, and school Title I status, this study employed a stepwise multiple regression analysis to determine the best predictors of fourth grade scores on the Louisiana Educational Assessment Program for the 21st Century (LEAP 21). Students must pass the English Language Arts (ELA) and Mathematics portions of this test to be promoted to fifth grade. Having previously ...


"We're Studying You": Dilemmas In, And Approaches To Social Studies Curriculum About "Other" Cultures, Joseph Bacal Jul 2002

"We're Studying You": Dilemmas In, And Approaches To Social Studies Curriculum About "Other" Cultures, Joseph Bacal

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Studies of "other" cultures are a major part of many elementary school programs. This paper applies some of the recent thinking in anthropology to my own praxis as a teacher. From this standpoint, I ask a number of questions about the theory and practice of "studying" groups of people. How are representations of people created and framed for children? How do children read and interpret these representations? What are different ways that social studies materials construct versions of people? What kind of representations do I want to use in my teaching and how do I want to use them?

I ...


An Examination Of The Effects Of The America Reads Tutoring Program And Tutor Training On The Attitude And Academic Achievement Of Urban At-Risk Minority Students, Tami C. Al-Hazza Jul 2002

An Examination Of The Effects Of The America Reads Tutoring Program And Tutor Training On The Attitude And Academic Achievement Of Urban At-Risk Minority Students, Tami C. Al-Hazza

Theses and Dissertations in Urban Services - Urban Education

The American educational system is struggling to identify methods of preventing early reading failure. Many schools are implementing tutoring intervention programs to supplement classroom instruction and to help meet the needs of struggling at-risk readers. Although there is substantial research on tutoring programs that employ professional teachers, there is a dearth of research on the effectiveness of non-professional volunteer tutoring programs.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of the America Reads tutoring program and tutor training on the reading achievement and reading attitude of urban, at-risk, K–3 minority students. The population sample was drawn from ...


The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa Jun 2002

The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a kindergarten home reading program with parents reading books to their children. The program required parents to read stories to their children and to discuss the stories afterwards. Subjects included 46 kindergarten students and their parents. The families came from an upstate New York suburban school district. The students participated in a half-day kindergarten program. Students participated in a home reading program that started in January and continued through March. Children (with parents' assistance) were asked to read a minimum of 26 books during the program, one for each ...


Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt May 2002

Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using fifth grade students' stories presented in a PowerPoint format as a tool for developing sight vocabulary for first graders.

The subjects were two heterogeneously grouped classes, a first grade and fifth grade class, from a suburban upstate school district in New York. There were twenty first graders who served as both treatment group A and treatment group B. The fifth grade students served as the cross-aged tutors that helped the first graders as they read.

Pretests of sight words were administered before the first grade students read the ...


A Description And Analysis Of Fifth Graders Response Journals, Diana Pratt May 2002

A Description And Analysis Of Fifth Graders Response Journals, Diana Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of critical thinking being achieved by students given free choice over response entry type.

A class of fifth-grade students from a rural school district was instructed in the five types of journal entries. The entry types were directly instructed, modeled, and assessed for mastery. After the journal entries were mastered the study began. Once a week the whole class was given DEAR time that could also be used for writing journal entries. Each student was to choose and write one entry per week for ten weeks. Each week the entry ...


Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick May 2002

Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated student-selected spelling words and teacher-selected spelling words. The subjects consisted of 14 urban second graders. Each week students took a spelling test of five teacher-selected words and five student-selected words. The scores on these tests were used to determine which type of spelling words the students performed better on. This study lasted four months. The data was analyzed using a t-test with dependent means. A descriptive analysis of the types of words selected was also performed.

The data from this study indicated that there is a statistically significant difference between the scores of the teacher-selected words and ...


Is Reading Aloud To Students A Magical Experience?, Kristine Brakoniecki May 2002

Is Reading Aloud To Students A Magical Experience?, Kristine Brakoniecki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the practice of teachers reading aloud to students has perceived value. Surveys of teachers attitudes/behaviors and student attitudes/experiences concerning reading aloud to students were created to gather data. The data were analyzed qualitatively.

Thirty-six teachers and 106 students responded to questionnaires designed to elicit their opinions on the value of the read aloud process. The responses were recorded, tallied and categorized according to similarities and frequency.

The findings revealed that both teachers and students value the read aloud process. Specific examples from students help illustrate the role that being ...


Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman May 2002

Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which African-American history is presented in a variety of elementary, middle, and high schools. Ninety surveys were distributed in urban, suburban, and rural school districts in western New York. The subjects were classroom teachers who responded to the surveys. The survey was designed to find out how teachers are representing African-Americans in their classroom. An analysis of the data from the surveys indicates all the subjects in the study are representing African-Americans in their classrooms. However, teachers in urban schools have a greater representation of presenting African-Americans than teachers ...


Learning Through Meaningful Work: The Post Office Job At City & Country School, Scott Moran May 2002

Learning Through Meaningful Work: The Post Office Job At City & Country School, Scott Moran

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This independent study is a description of the Post Office job at City & Country School. The school runs a jobs program for children ages eight to thirteen years old (third - eight grades). The eight year old group runs the school Post Office. Chapter 1 presents an introduction to City & Country School. Chapter 2 discusses the Post Office job and its development through the course of a school year. Chapter 3 discusses the developmental orientation of the jobs program. Finally, chapter 4 raises other topics for discussion, including the possible sociopolitical implications and subject integration issues involved in this type of ...


The Effects Of Summer Vacation On Learning: A Look At Interrupted Instruction, Jennifer Hagen May 2002

The Effects Of Summer Vacation On Learning: A Look At Interrupted Instruction, Jennifer Hagen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interrupted instruction, in the form of summer vacation, on reading achievement of high, middle, and low achieving students. The researcher determined the loss or gain by using Running Reading Records (RRR) from the ending of first grade moving to the beginning of second grade. A discussion of the relevance of year-round education (YRE) is included as well.

This study revealed that 15 of the 62 students lost according to RRR levels while 47 of the 62 either maintained or gained levels. It was determined that interrupted instruction did not ...


The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney May 2002

The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teacher-led book talks in positively influencing students to select literature from a variety of genres. The subjects of this study consisted of twenty-four fifth grade students from a suburban elementary school in western New York who were exposed to teacher-led book talks designed to present a variety of literary genres.

Within a weekly cycle, participants were exposed daily to teacher-led book talks, a whole class brainstorming session, and a journal prompt intended to guide their reflections on a particular genre. The teacher-led book talks were comprised of oral readings ...


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...


Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival, Karen Rowell, Rosemary Chance, University Of Southern Mississippi Jan 2002

Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival, Karen Rowell, Rosemary Chance, University Of Southern Mississippi

Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival Programs

The program for the thirty-fifth annual Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival held on the campus of The University of Southern Mississippi in Hattiesburg, Mississippi in 2002. This program features the change in name of the festival to the Fay B. Kaigler Children's Book Festival.


Mathematics In The Real World, Audrey C. Rule Jan 2002

Mathematics In The Real World, Audrey C. Rule

Open Educational Resources

This paper reports on a class assignment written by preservice teachers on the use of mathematics in different professions. The professions included licensed practical nurse, auto mechanic, research and development product manager for industrial cleaning products, dental office assistant, snack bar employee at a beach club, beauty salon owner and operator, apple orchard and fruit stand owner, secretary at a university alumni hall, bus person at a restaurant, video store clerk, professional mover, convenience store assistant manager, pizza restaurant server, meteorologist, and land surveyor. (YDS)


How Elementary School Teachers Learn To Teach Mathematics, Phyllis Schneider Kirschner Jan 2002

How Elementary School Teachers Learn To Teach Mathematics, Phyllis Schneider Kirschner

Educational Studies Dissertations

This study examines how elementary school teachers learned to teach mathematics during their pre-service education and during their first few years of teaching. The study identifies those experiences teachers found to be most significant in their development as mathematics teachers. All seven teachers in this study had been taught using procedural methods and each had to find a way to integrate conceptual mathematics education into their own understanding. The study examines the teachers' motivations for pursuing this understanding and the circumstances that provided opportunities to do so.


Literacy Volunteers In Elementary Classrooms : Why Do We Need Them And How Do We Train Them?, Laura Meyers Jan 2002

Literacy Volunteers In Elementary Classrooms : Why Do We Need Them And How Do We Train Them?, Laura Meyers

Graduate Research Papers

This project examines the need for specialized literacy volunteers, describes the uses of these volunteers in the elementary school classroom and provides a handbook that could be used to train literacy volunteers to work with students and staff. Surveys were sent to teachers in three elementary school buildings in northeast Iowa to gather input on perceived needs of students in the areas of reading and writing, opinions on specialized training for literacy volunteers and needs and uses of literacy volunteers in the classroom.

After gathering and evaluating data from teacher surveys and consulting current research in the field of reading ...


A Study Of Professional Development At Three Midwestern, Urban, Public, Elementary Schools With Increased Student Achievement In Reading, Valerie Hastings Gregory Jan 2002

A Study Of Professional Development At Three Midwestern, Urban, Public, Elementary Schools With Increased Student Achievement In Reading, Valerie Hastings Gregory

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study investigated principals' and teachers' perceptions about professional development and conditions for change. Specifically, the following research questions were answered: (1) How do principals describe professional development at their schools? (2) What professional development experiences did teachers report as having an effect on their teaching practice? and (3) What common factors or conditions did teachers at the three schools report as influencing whether they change their classroom practices after participating in professional development initiatives?;Data collection incorporated both qualitative and quantitative methodologies using principal interviews and teacher surveys. Simple descriptive statistics were used to analyze and describe professional development ...


An Investigation Of The National Staff Development Council's Standards Of Staff Development, Wendy Clark Krickovic Jan 2002

An Investigation Of The National Staff Development Council's Standards Of Staff Development, Wendy Clark Krickovic

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The major purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between teaching practice, student achievement, and the degree to which professional development in low-achieving elementary schools in one suburban Virginia district met the National Staff Development Council (NSDC) standards. Research methods included a self-assessment survey developed by NSDC, teacher interviews, and analyses of student achievement scores using the Virginia Standards of Learning assessments. According to survey results, participating teachers agreed that the NSDC standards were reflected in professional development activities. The standards of Equity and Quality Teaching were reported to be implemented to the greatest degree in professional development ...


What Are The Characteristics Of Effective Teaching? A Comparative Study Of Stakeholder Perceptions, Christine Lucille Hill Jan 2002

What Are The Characteristics Of Effective Teaching? A Comparative Study Of Stakeholder Perceptions, Christine Lucille Hill

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Vocabulary : A Building Block In Reading, Lisa L. Capper Jan 2002

Vocabulary : A Building Block In Reading, Lisa L. Capper

Graduate Research Papers

From all of my reading and research, I learned that vocabulary is an essential part of teaching. In all of the curriculum areas, knowledge of vocabulary is important. With word understanding, comprehension grows and so does the student's knowledge.

Vocabulary development activities not only include many opportunities for students to be actively involved with reading a variety of books, but, through vocabulary instruction, the teacher directly teaches important words and strategies to help students understand what they are reading. Through the use of a variety of strategies I observed how different strategies can help students learn and grow in ...


A Study Of The Impact Of The New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards On The Instructional Practices Of Teachers In Grades 1-4, David H. Dilks Jan 2002

A Study Of The Impact Of The New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards On The Instructional Practices Of Teachers In Grades 1-4, David H. Dilks

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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A Study Of The Impact Of The New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards On The Instructional Practices Of Teachers In Grades 1-4, David H. Dilks Jan 2002

A Study Of The Impact Of The New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards On The Instructional Practices Of Teachers In Grades 1-4, David H. Dilks

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

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