Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Education

To Tell Or Not To Tell : Disclosing Mental Health Diagnoses To Children, Allison Leigh Allmon Dec 2014

To Tell Or Not To Tell : Disclosing Mental Health Diagnoses To Children, Allison Leigh Allmon

Theses and Dissertations

This online analogue study examined psychologists' current mental health diagnoses disclosure practices to children. Specifically, this dissertation investigated participants' self reported likelihood to disclose mental health diagnoses in relation to both psychologist (i.e., clinical services provided and years of clinical service) and client (culture, age, cognitive ability) characteristics. Forty-seven certified American Board of Professional Psychology (ABPP) Psychologists were recruited via email listserv for this research. Participants rated their likelihood to disclose mental health diagnoses to vignettes depicting children with varying demographic characteristics: culture, age, and cognitive ability. Participants also responded to open-ended questions exploring their current mental health diagnosis ...


Model Selection For Irt Equating Of Testlet-Based Tests In The Random Groups Design, Juan Chen Dec 2014

Model Selection For Irt Equating Of Testlet-Based Tests In The Random Groups Design, Juan Chen

Theses and Dissertations

The use of testlets in a test can cause multidimensionality and local item dependence (LID), which can result in inaccurate estimation of item parameters, and in turn compromise the quality of item response theory (IRT) true and observed score equating of testlet-based tests. Both unidimensional and multidimensional IRT models have been developed to control local item dependence caused by testlets. The purposes of the current study were to (1) investigate how different levels of LID can affect IRT true and observed score equating of testlet-based tests when the traditional three parameter logistic (3PL) IRT model was used for calibration, and ...


Effectiveness Of Hypnosis Interventions In A Spine Rehabilitation Program, Courtney Racquel Cornick Dec 2014

Effectiveness Of Hypnosis Interventions In A Spine Rehabilitation Program, Courtney Racquel Cornick

Theses and Dissertations

Chronic back pain has a profound impact on an individual and society. Over the past two decades individuals have become increasingly interested in Complimentary and Alternative Medicine (CAM) as a treatment for medical conditions. One of the most common uses of CAM is to treat back pain. There are a variety of CAM interventions to treat pain, and clinical hypnosis is one treatment that serves to help individuals to better manage their symptoms of chronic pain. In many cases, clinical hypnosis is used as an adjunct to treatment rather than a treatment alternative. Additionally, clinical hypnosis is included as part ...


The Effects Of Value-Added Modeling Decisions On Estimates Of Teacher Effectiveness, Paula Lynn Cunningham Dec 2014

The Effects Of Value-Added Modeling Decisions On Estimates Of Teacher Effectiveness, Paula Lynn Cunningham

Theses and Dissertations

This study was undertaken to evaluate the impact of modeling decisions made by those charged with implementing teacher evaluation systems that incorporate student achievement data; such choices include how growth is to be modeled, whether student characteristics are to be controlled for, how many years of data are to be used, and which test subject is to be selected. Using a three-cohort longitudinal data set from a school district in which reading and mathematics test scores from a vertically-scaled assessment allowed determination of growth in grades three, four, and five, estimated teacher effects were derived from five value-added models, and ...


Homeless Men : Exploring The Experience Of Shame, Kevin L. Fall Dec 2014

Homeless Men : Exploring The Experience Of Shame, Kevin L. Fall

Theses and Dissertations

Research literature on homelessness makes frequent reference to shame, but with little inquiry into the role shame may play in the lives of homeless men. This study used Consensual Qualitative Research methodology (Hill, Thompson, & Williams, 1997) to interview 24 men in a small Midwestern city to explore how homeless men experience shame. The results from this study indicate that shame is experienced as a "painful sense of worthlessness and failure" whereby men attribute their homelessness to their own perceived characterological flaws. To avoid the painful experience of shame and stigma, homeless men appear to develop and use defense strategies. While ...


Growth And The College Readiness Of Iowa Students : A Longitudinal Study Linking Growth To College Outcomes, Anthony Fina Dec 2014

Growth And The College Readiness Of Iowa Students : A Longitudinal Study Linking Growth To College Outcomes, Anthony Fina

Theses and Dissertations

As current educational policies continue to emphasize the importance of college readiness and growth, it is essential to understand the degree to which test scores collected throughout middle school and high school can provide information to make valid inferences about students' college readiness. This thesis sought to summarize the college readiness of Iowa students, describe the nature of student growth, and clarify the relationship between student growth and college readiness. Together, the results support the validity argument that scores from a general achievement test can be used for measuring student growth and making on-track interpretations about college readiness.

Results of ...


An Evaluation Of The Impact Of The Dsm-Iv-Tr Diagnostic Group And Cognitive Ability On The Presentation Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms, Zachary Wroe Sussman Dec 2014

An Evaluation Of The Impact Of The Dsm-Iv-Tr Diagnostic Group And Cognitive Ability On The Presentation Of Autism Spectrum Disorder Symptoms, Zachary Wroe Sussman

Theses and Dissertations

Autism Spectrum Disorder (Autism Spectrum Disorder) is a neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by impairment to social communication adjoined by the presence of rigidity, restricted interests, and/or repetitive behaviors. Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder recently shifted from a series of pervasive developmental disorders recognized in the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR; American Psychiatric Association, 2000) to a single, comprehensive diagnosis in the 5th edition of the same manual (DSM-5; APA, 2013). To evaluate the appropriateness in this shift in diagnostic practice, the current study evaluates the consistency in symptom presentation amongst the previous DSM-IV-TR ...


A Qualitative Analysis Of Parental Experiences In Family-Based Treatment For Anorexia Nervosa, Joanna Elise Wiese Dec 2014

A Qualitative Analysis Of Parental Experiences In Family-Based Treatment For Anorexia Nervosa, Joanna Elise Wiese

Theses and Dissertations

Family-based treatment for anorexia nervosa is a relatively recent form of therapy that is commonly used with families of child and adolescent patients. While current efficacy research of this treatment is promising, little research has been conducted on families' experiences of this treatment. This qualitative study investigates the experiences of parents who have participated in family-based treatment for a child or adolescent (ages 10-21) diagnosed with anorexia nervosa. Analytic induction (AI) methodology was used in this qualitative study to examine the various factors contributing the effectiveness of family-based treatment for families. Purposeful sampling was employed to obtain a wide variety ...


Teacher Attributions, Expectations, And Referrals For Students Involved In The Child Welfare And Juvenile Justice Systems, Stephanie Nichole Anthony Dec 2014

Teacher Attributions, Expectations, And Referrals For Students Involved In The Child Welfare And Juvenile Justice Systems, Stephanie Nichole Anthony

Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to examine differences in the attributions teachers make toward students in the child welfare and juvenile justice systems. The study utilized vignettes and asked teachers to attribute the responsibility for declines in behavior and academic performance to one of five sources (the student, the parents, the teacher, the court system, or the student's friends). The study further asked teachers to identify the extent to which the changes were due to the student's internal traits and external factors, the likelihood of changes in behavior and academic performance with and without intervention, the ...


The Impact Of Therapy : A Qualitative Analysis Of Clinicians Working With Combat Veterans Diagnosed With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Kari Luan Finnegan Jul 2014

The Impact Of Therapy : A Qualitative Analysis Of Clinicians Working With Combat Veterans Diagnosed With Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Kari Luan Finnegan

Theses and Dissertations

For some people, exposure to trauma results in the development of psychological maladjustment in the form of posttraumatic stress disorder. Veterans returning from combat zones tend to meet criteria for PTSD at rates significantly higher than what is observed in the general population. Mental health professionals, particularly those working with U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, play an important role in the recovery of these Veterans. Research suggests that facilitating trauma therapy and/or being exposed second-hand to traumatic material can have negative consequences for the therapist. The current study focuses on the impact of trauma therapy on therapists who ...


A Comparison Of Smoothing Methods For The Common Item Nonequivalent Groups Design, Han Yi Kim Jul 2014

A Comparison Of Smoothing Methods For The Common Item Nonequivalent Groups Design, Han Yi Kim

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to compare the relative performance of various smoothing methods under the common item nonequivalent groups (CINEG) design. In light of the previous literature on smoothing under the CINEG design, this study aimed to provide general guidelines and practical insights on the selection of smoothing procedures under specific testing conditions.

To investigate the smoothing procedures, 100 replications were simulated under various testing conditions by using an item response theory (IRT) framework. A total of 192 conditions (3 sample size × 4 group ability difference × 2 common-item proportion × 2 form difficulty difference × 1 test length × 2 common-item ...


Multidimensional Item Response Theory Observed Score Equating Methods For Mixed-Format Tests, Jaime Leigh Peterson Jul 2014

Multidimensional Item Response Theory Observed Score Equating Methods For Mixed-Format Tests, Jaime Leigh Peterson

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to build upon the existing MIRT equating literature by introducing a full multidimensional item response theory (MIRT) observed score equating method for mixed-format exams because no such methods currently exist. At this time, the MIRT equating literature is limited to full MIRT observed score equating methods for multiple-choice only exams and Bifactor observed score equating methods for mixed-format exams. Given the high frequency with which mixed-format exams are used and the accumulating evidence that some tests are not purely unidimensional, it was important to present a full MIRT equating method for mixed-format tests.

The ...


Decision Consistency And Accuracy Indices For The Bifactor And Testlet Response Theory Models, Lee James Lafond Jul 2014

Decision Consistency And Accuracy Indices For The Bifactor And Testlet Response Theory Models, Lee James Lafond

Theses and Dissertations

The primary goal of this study was to develop a new procedure for estimating decision consistency and accuracy indices using the bifactor and testlet response theory (TRT) models. This study is the first to investigate decision consistency and accuracy from a multidimensional perspective, and the results have shown that the bifactor model at least behaved in way that met the author's expectations and represents a potential useful procedure. The TRT model, on the other hand, did not meet the author's expectations and generally showed poor model performance.

The multidimensional decision consistency and accuracy indices proposed in this study ...


Underrepresented Minorities And Social Cognitive Career Theory: An Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Increasing Math And Science Interest And Self-Efficacy In The Context Of A Healthcare Career Intervention With Rural Latino And White-Identified Middle School Students, Dominique Lashawn Brooks May 2014

Underrepresented Minorities And Social Cognitive Career Theory: An Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Increasing Math And Science Interest And Self-Efficacy In The Context Of A Healthcare Career Intervention With Rural Latino And White-Identified Middle School Students, Dominique Lashawn Brooks

Theses and Dissertations

Currently, there exists a cultural/racial disparity in the quality of healthcare and subsequent health outcomes (Sullivan, 2004; Arora, Schneider, Thal, & Meltzer, 2011). This has been linked to lack of ethnic minority representation within the field of healthcare (Cohen, Gabriel, & Terrell, 2002; Freeman, Ferrer, & Greiner, 2007). In response, there has been a national effort to intervene at various levels of education to address disparities in healthcare career-related knowledge and abilities. According to Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT), the prevalence of math and science within healthcare careers will decrease interest in this field for those lacking confidence and/or abilities in the aforementioned areas. The current manuscript describes and evaluates the impact of increasing the math and science-related content of a healthcare ...


Relations Between Quality Of Reinforcement And The Persistence Of Task Completion, Patrick William Romani May 2014

Relations Between Quality Of Reinforcement And The Persistence Of Task Completion, Patrick William Romani

Theses and Dissertations

Behavioral momentum theory (BMT) provides a theoretical framework for studying the persistence of behavior when challenged. The typical experimental arrangement to study persistence involves reinforcing a behavior according to a multiple schedules design. Unique schedules of reinforcement are programmed to each component. When steady-state responding occurs, the schedules of reinforcement are disrupted by a challenge condition (e.g., extinction, distraction, or prefeeding). The multiple schedules component that maintains the greatest level of responding during disruption is described as being more persistent. Basic research has shown that rate of reinforcement is a reliable predictor of persistence. The multiple schedules component associated ...