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Educational Methods

1998

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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Relationship Of Reading Recovery Teachers' Efficacy To Length Of Service And School System Support, M. Louise Moon Dec 1998

The Relationship Of Reading Recovery Teachers' Efficacy To Length Of Service And School System Support, M. Louise Moon

Dissertations

Existing research results directly relate teachers’ efficacy to student outcomes and to continuing staff development and school context; however, little work has been done to investigate these relationships for Reading Recovery teachers. Reading Recovery (RR) is an early intervention program designed to assist first grade children who are having difficulty learning to read and write. This program requires ongoing staff development and an implementation plan designed to provide appropriate school context; therefore, survey data were collected from Reading Recovery teachers to study relationships between teacher efficacy and (a) their length of service in Reading Recovery and (b) support for RR ...


Hunter Vs. Lazeer: Which Lesson Design Is Most Effective?, Michelle New Dec 1998

Hunter Vs. Lazeer: Which Lesson Design Is Most Effective?, Michelle New

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if one particular lesson design is more-effective in teaching vocabulary words and definitions to second grade students. Eight separate paired two sample t-tests were used to investigate the research questions presented in this study:

(1) Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean post-test scores of the students who were taught vocabulary words and definitions using the Hunter lesson design, and students who were taught vocabulary definitions using the multiple intelligence model, created by David Lazeer?

(2) Which lesson design will produce greater student success for retention of the already learned ...


Challenging The Norms: Democracy, Empowering Education, And Negotiating The Curriculum, Joshua Sean Thomases Oct 1998

Challenging The Norms: Democracy, Empowering Education, And Negotiating The Curriculum, Joshua Sean Thomases

All Faculty and Staff Papers and Presentations

Discusses the principles of a democratic classroom, and how implementing these principles can create a powerful environment where extensive and in-depth learning truly happens.


An Effective Investment: Teaching Study Skills To Usaf Allied Health Professionals Prior To Extended Training, John C. Griffith Sep 1998

An Effective Investment: Teaching Study Skills To Usaf Allied Health Professionals Prior To Extended Training, John C. Griffith

John Griffith

In the school of Aerospace Medicine, the average cost to train one student in the three month Aeromedical Apprentice course in 1998 was $12,500. In this course, students are trained to become medical technicians who are able to effectively support Air Force Flight Surgeons in emergency situations. Students who failed the course of study were eliminated from the program at a cost of thousands of taxpayer dollars with no realized gain by the government or the student. A recent study examined the effects of a study skills training intervention course on U.S. Air Force Aeromedical Apprentices with five ...


Undergraduates Arguing A Case, Susheela A. Varghese, Sunita A. Abraham Sep 1998

Undergraduates Arguing A Case, Susheela A. Varghese, Sunita A. Abraham

Research Collection Lee Kong Chian School Of Business

This essay describes an instructional study in which students were trained in two key aspects of argumentation, namely, the structural and interpersonal components. The structural aspects were taught and measured in terms of Toulmin's (1958) framework of argument analysis (i.e., the quality of claims, grounds and warrants used). The interpersonal aspects in turn were measured in terms of the creation of a clear persona, audience adaptiveness (the appropriate use of rational and emotional appeals), and stance towards the unique discourse of argumentation. Students performed a pre-instruction writing task, underwent eight weeks of explicit instruction in argumentation, then performed ...


A Multi-Sensory Approach To Teaching Sight Word Recognition, Dana L. Annechino Aug 1998

A Multi-Sensory Approach To Teaching Sight Word Recognition, Dana L. Annechino

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between two approaches to sight word acquisition: audio-visual versus multi-sensory among second graders reading below grade level.

The subjects consisted of sixteen second grade students who were reading below grade level in a suburban school district. The subjects were given a pretest to determine twenty unknown sight words among sixteen students. During week 1, eight students were taught the sight words using an audio-visual method (flash cards). The remaining eight students were taught the same sight words using a multi-sensory approach that contains audio, visual, tactile, and kinesthetic modes (mobility ...


An Investigative Study Of How Cooperative Learning Can Benefit High-Achieving Students, Deanna Lynn Scotty-Ryan Aug 1998

An Investigative Study Of How Cooperative Learning Can Benefit High-Achieving Students, Deanna Lynn Scotty-Ryan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This paper was written to represent the findings of the benefits of cooperative learning for high achieving students. During the 1990's there was a major push for supplementing the curriculum with different learning styles. Cooperative learning is one popular example that has been researched a lot to find effectiveness of lesson delivery and benefits for students. Slavin and Johnson and Johnson are among the many advocated for believing that cooperative learning is beneficial in many ways for student development, including high achieving students. The researcher found over and over that what the advocates wrote was substantiated in detail in ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...


Student Misconceptions In Science: The Human Digestive System, Heather A. Dry Jun 1998

Student Misconceptions In Science: The Human Digestive System, Heather A. Dry

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students bring their personal belief systems with them into classrooms. In the science classroom, these beliefs may be misconceptions, ideas that are not congruent with currently accepted scientific facts and theories. This study sought to identify student misconceptions as they pertained to a unit of study on the human digestive system. The hypothesis was that students, when submitted to traditional, lecture-type teaching which does not confront students' preconceived notions, will learn the correct information for the formal unit test, but will revert back to their previously held notions upon leaving the class.

Each of the 85 high school biology students ...


Preparation For The Gre, Corina Groeger Jun 1998

Preparation For The Gre, Corina Groeger

Dissertations

The present research consisted of two empirical studies and a literature review. The first study was a systematic replication of the studies by Miller, Goodyear-Orwart, and Malott (1996) and Vunovich and Malott (1997). Fourteen undergraduate students and one graduate student participated in four intensive, extensive, structured Graduate Record Examination (GRE) preparation courses that met for seven weeks and lasted between 99 and 140 hours. The courses offered a monetary reward for students who met a minimum of 92% for attendance and participation during the course. The results of this study showed statistically significant mean improvements of 145 points for the ...


Problems That Matter: Teaching Mathematics As Critical Engagement, Jeffrey Bohl May 1998

Problems That Matter: Teaching Mathematics As Critical Engagement, Jeffrey Bohl

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


The Use Of Realistic Imagery To Represent The Relationships In A Four-Dimensional Coordinate System, Randal J. Bishop May 1998

The Use Of Realistic Imagery To Represent The Relationships In A Four-Dimensional Coordinate System, Randal J. Bishop

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Real Data, Real Math, All Classes, No Kidding, Martin Vern Bonsangue May 1998

Real Data, Real Math, All Classes, No Kidding, Martin Vern Bonsangue

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


On Solving Equations, Negative Numbers, And Other Absurdities: Part I, Ralph A. Raimi May 1998

On Solving Equations, Negative Numbers, And Other Absurdities: Part I, Ralph A. Raimi

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Death, Trial And Life, Prem N. Bajaj May 1998

Death, Trial And Life, Prem N. Bajaj

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Courage To Teach By Parker Palmer, Sandra Z. Keith May 1998

Book Review: The Courage To Teach By Parker Palmer, Sandra Z. Keith

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


State And Districts And Comprehensive School Reform, Consortium For Policy Research In Education May 1998

State And Districts And Comprehensive School Reform, Consortium For Policy Research In Education

CPRE Policy Briefs

In this policy brief, we discuss implications of the use of school-level reform designs for state and local policymakers. The more schools choose such reforms, the more is being learned about the importance of the state and local roles in facilitating appropriate matches between designs and schools and in supporting design-based improvement over time.

In the Fall of 1997, Congress authorized competitive grants to provide up to $50,000 per year per school for the use of comprehensive reform models. Beginning in July, 1998, Title I schools will be eligible for $120 million of the funds provided; non-Title I schools ...


The Effects Of Parent Workshops On The Home Literacy Environments Of Urban Prekindergarten Children, Kristen Ruth Neckers May 1998

The Effects Of Parent Workshops On The Home Literacy Environments Of Urban Prekindergarten Children, Kristen Ruth Neckers

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if a series of parent workshops based on early literacy development would empower parents to provide their prekindergarten children with increased literature-rich materials and experiences within their homes. The fifteen subjects were the parents of prekindergarten students attending an urban school in western New York. The subjects attended a series of parent workshops which focused on incorporating literature events into everyday life activities. The subjects completed a pre survey and post survey. This researcher-designed survey was used as a pre-assessment and post-assessment to determine the quantity of literature-rich materials which were present ...


The Effect Of Background Music On Retention Of Vocabulary Terms, Lori Lomker Gearinger May 1998

The Effect Of Background Music On Retention Of Vocabulary Terms, Lori Lomker Gearinger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of background music on studying and retention of vocabulary terms. Is music adversely affecting or enhancing our children's studying habits? Can music be stimulating the brain to positively affect concentration and retention?

The subjects consisted of 37 sixth graders. All of the subjects participated in the three different sessions. Three different vocabulary lists (10 words on each) were developed by the researcher. All of the vocabulary came directly from a novel called The View from Saturday by E.L. Konigsburg, a reading selection used within the students' reading class ...


The Effect Of Two Reading Conditions On Comprehension For Ninth Grade Students, Susan Wilcher Henderson May 1998

The Effect Of Two Reading Conditions On Comprehension For Ninth Grade Students, Susan Wilcher Henderson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective way of delivering instruction, as it related to reading, in the classroom. The study compared comprehension scores yielded from oral reading and silent reading from prose found in the world literature anthology used in a ninth grade humanities program.

Thirty-nine urban, ninth grade general education students participated in this study. In order to avoid any bias, one classroom teacher and not the researcher conducted the reading assessment during one class period. Students from four classes were tested within a one week period of time, in morning classes. The oral ...


Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop Apr 1998

Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop

CPRE Research Reports

Two presidents, the National Governors Association and numerous blue ribbon panels have called for the development of state content standards for core subjects and examinations that assess the achievement of these standards. The Competitiveness Policy Council, for example, advocates that "external assessments be given to individual students at the secondary level and that the results should be a major but not exclusive factor qualifying for college and better jobs at better wages (1993, p. 30)." The American Federation of Teachers advocates a system in which:

Students are periodically tested on whether they' reaching the standards, and if they are re ...


The Socratic Method-Problem Method Dichotomy: The Debate Over Teaching Method Continues, Cynthia G. Hawkins-León Mar 1998

The Socratic Method-Problem Method Dichotomy: The Debate Over Teaching Method Continues, Cynthia G. Hawkins-León

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Does Community College Versus Four-Year College Attendance Influence Students' Educational Plans?, Ernest T. Pascarella, Marcia Edison, Amaury Nora, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Patrick T. Terenzini Feb 1998

Does Community College Versus Four-Year College Attendance Influence Students' Educational Plans?, Ernest T. Pascarella, Marcia Edison, Amaury Nora, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Patrick T. Terenzini

Linda Serra Hagedorn

In this study researchers tested the hypothesis that community college attendance lowers students' precollege plans to obtain a bachelor of arts degree. In the presence of controls for precollege plans, other background factors, and college academic and nonacademic experiences, community college students initially planning to obtain a bachelor of arts degree were between 20% and 31% more likely than similar four-year college students to lower their plans below a bachelor of arts degree by the end of the second year of college.


Instructional Policy And Classroom Performance: The Mathematics Reform In California, David K. Cohen, Heather C. Hill Feb 1998

Instructional Policy And Classroom Performance: The Mathematics Reform In California, David K. Cohen, Heather C. Hill

CPRE Research Reports

Educational reformers increasingly seek to manipulate policies regarding assessment, curriculum, and professional development in order to improve instruction. They assume that manipulating these elements of instructional policy will change teachers' practice, which will then improve student performance. We formalize these ideas into a rudimentary model of the relations among instructional policy, teaching, and learning. We propose that successful instructional policies are themselves instructional in nature: because teachers figure as a key connection between policy and practice, their opportunities to learn about and from policy are a crucial influence both on their practice, and, at least indirectly, on student achievement. Using ...


Teachers' Understanding Of Word Problems, Mir Afzal Tajik Jan 1998

Teachers' Understanding Of Word Problems, Mir Afzal Tajik

Book Chapters / Conference Papers

No abstract provided.


''A Tree Bears Many Fruit'' Undergraduate Service Learning­ A Redefinition, Shekhar K. Regmi Jan 1998

''A Tree Bears Many Fruit'' Undergraduate Service Learning­ A Redefinition, Shekhar K. Regmi

Master's Capstone Projects

No abstract provided.


Miscommunication Between Aboriginal Students And Their Non- Aboriginal Teachers In A Bilingual School, Anne Lowell, Brian Devlin Jan 1998

Miscommunication Between Aboriginal Students And Their Non- Aboriginal Teachers In A Bilingual School, Anne Lowell, Brian Devlin

Aboriginal Policy Research Consortium International (APRCi)

A crucial question in cross-cultural education is how to bridge the cultural and linguis- tic differences between home and school so that a child’s identity can be supported without limiting his or her chances of academic success (Eades, 1991). Various models of bilingual education have been implemented in Aboriginal communities in the Northern Territory of Australia but the implementation of such programmes is often far from ideal. In the school where this ethnographic study was conducted, miscom- munication between Aboriginal students and their non-Aboriginal teachers was found to be commonplace. Even by late primary school, children often did not ...


Tales Out Of School: Six Secrets From Successful Teachers, John Strassburger Jan 1998

Tales Out Of School: Six Secrets From Successful Teachers, John Strassburger

Publications

This is the third in a series of occasional papers about the challenges confronting students and what Ursinus is doing to help them enter adult life.


Multiage Education, Wendy S. Matson Jan 1998

Multiage Education, Wendy S. Matson

Graduate Research Papers

This paper is a review of the literature relative to multiage practices in education. The primary focus of this paper is to review the benefits and problems of multiage practices in today's elementary classroom. The intent of this paper is to present a balanced view of the pros and cons concerning the education of children in a multiage environment. This discussion focused on some of the problems educators face in trying to do so.

The conclusion of this study found the teacher, the parent, and the administration are vital as a cooperative unit in educating a child, as each ...


Voices Of The Civil War: An Interactive Unit Study, Barbara Mcintosh, Cheryl Taylor Jan 1998

Voices Of The Civil War: An Interactive Unit Study, Barbara Mcintosh, Cheryl Taylor

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.