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Educational Methods

1997

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Is Cursive Handwriting A Needed Skill For The Twenty-First Century?, Margaret V. Ferris Dec 1997

Is Cursive Handwriting A Needed Skill For The Twenty-First Century?, Margaret V. Ferris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study compared attitudes of elementary school teachers and secondary school teachers on cursive handwriting. The investigation included secondary and elementary teacher requirements of cursive handwriting and special education students’ requirement of cursive handwriting. The subjects were educators from a middle sized urban school district in Niagara County in upstate New York. The results of the study came from a researcher prepared questionnaire. The research found secondary and elementary school teachers to have similar attitudes regarding cursive handwriting being a necessity for the upcoming century. The discussion includes technology as well as opinions to support the teachers’ attitudes. The discrepancy ...


The Effect Of Remedial Education Programs On Academic Achievement And Persistence At The Two-Year Community College, Lyn Ann Batzer Dec 1997

The Effect Of Remedial Education Programs On Academic Achievement And Persistence At The Two-Year Community College, Lyn Ann Batzer

Dissertations

Community colleges are open door institutions that serve students who may lack the basic skills necessary to succeed in college. The number of academically underprepared students attending community colleges has been increasing over the years. Thus, there is a corresponding need for effective remedial programs to prepare the academically underprepared students for college-level work.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of remedial education. More specifically, the study was designed to measure the performance of academically underprepared students who complete required remediation compared to academically underprepared students who do not complete remediation.

The study tested two hypotheses ...


From Multiple Choice To Multiple Choices, Jonathan A. Supovitz Nov 1997

From Multiple Choice To Multiple Choices, Jonathan A. Supovitz

GSE Publications

Are standardized tests an equitable way to measure the achievement of America's children? A fresh, four-year study by the Educational Testing Service of the gender gap on standardized tests concludes that differences in performance between boys and girls are real, but not large, and cut both ways. ("ETS Disputes Charges of Gender Bias," May 14, 1997.) Still, critics of standardized testing, like the National Center for Fair & Open Testing, blast the ETS study as "a smoke screen designed to divert attention from the ongoing problems with the exams they publish."


Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond Nov 1997

Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond

CPRE Research Reports

Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. The study sought to detail alternative ways of deploying instructional resources in order to provide concrete alternatives to traditional organization of teachers and to quantify objectively the ways in which these schools use resources differently depending on their instructional goals and strategies. Although the schools studied looked ...


Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond Nov 1997

Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond

CPRE Research Reports

Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. The study sought to detail alternative ways of deploying instructional resources in order to provide concrete alternatives to traditional organization of teachers and to quantify objectively the ways in which these schools use resources differently depending on their instructional goals and strategies. Although the schools studied looked ...


What Are The Entering And Exiting Perceptions Of Students Participating In A Reading Recovery Program In Terms Of Self-Concept As A Reader?, Donna G. Prinsen Aug 1997

What Are The Entering And Exiting Perceptions Of Students Participating In A Reading Recovery Program In Terms Of Self-Concept As A Reader?, Donna G. Prinsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the entering and exiting self-perceptions as readers of students participating in a Reading Recovery program. The subjects, eight first graders, attended school in Ontario or Batavia, New York. The students were referred to the Reading Recovery program by their classroom teachers and were considered to be in the lowest twenty percent of their class.

The study began in January 1997, just prior to the students' entrance into the Reading Recovery program. The students were asked fourteen questions from a researcher-designed questionnaire. The questions were read to the students in order to eliminate ...


Do Students In The Fifth-Grade Benefit From The Writing Workshop With Regard To Their Scores On The New York State Fifth-Grade Writing Test?, Lisa E. Torrell Aug 1997

Do Students In The Fifth-Grade Benefit From The Writing Workshop With Regard To Their Scores On The New York State Fifth-Grade Writing Test?, Lisa E. Torrell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There are two very different approaches being used in classrooms today with regards to teaching writing. A traditional approach to teaching writing might include using a grammar textbook and/or a workbook. A holistic approach to teaching writing believes that students learn to write by writing. Students move through the entire writing process, from prewriting to publishing, for each piece of work they create. This is called the Writing Workshop. More current research was needed to determine if one approach was more beneficial than the other.

In this longitudinal study, both approaches were taught in separate classrooms for an entire ...


The Whole Child: The Importance Of Considering All Aspects Of A Young Child, Kristin L. Houle May 1997

The Whole Child: The Importance Of Considering All Aspects Of A Young Child, Kristin L. Houle

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Student Scholarship

This paper synthesizes information from several researchers and well-known educators, philosophers, and theorists in the field of early childhood education. I intend to show that all sides of a child's life, including social, emotional familial, cultural, and cognitive capabilities be taken into consideration before making any decisions regarding the education or welfare of that child. Educational and intervention strategies are discussed, and examples of developmentally appropriate practice are given. The paper ends with a guide for teachers of children ages 3-5 to use when planning a program designed to benefit the whole child.


Self-Esteem, Self-Determination And Behavior Outcomes: Applications For The Secondary School Context, Diane White Fish May 1997

Self-Esteem, Self-Determination And Behavior Outcomes: Applications For The Secondary School Context, Diane White Fish

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Student Scholarship

Self-esteem and self-concept theories are associated with psychological and social well-being as well as specific behavioral outcomes such as academic performance. The theories represent two ideas that are part of a multitude of empirical work stemming from "self-theories" in general. Furthermore, self-esteem and self-concept elements relate in myriad ways to the literature of motivation theory, particularly self-determination theory and perceived control. This paper will begin by examining the literature of self-esteem and self-concept in order to define the constructs and examine their relationships to age and sex differences. Then, a summary of self-determination theory will be necessary in order to ...


Effects Of The Media On Parents And Teachers In Regard To Reading Aloud To Children, Darwin Spiller May 1997

Effects Of The Media On Parents And Teachers In Regard To Reading Aloud To Children, Darwin Spiller

McCabe Thesis Collection

Reading aloud to children has always been a part of classroom instruction, but it has been neglected in recent years because of time constraints in the classroom due to the requirement for accountability, competency testing, and other demands on time. The media, however, point out that reading aloud to children as young as one year of age will increase vocabulary, improve listening skills, and enhance ability to comprehend. It would appear that many parents and teachers hear the message but do not take this advice seriously.

The purpose of this study is to establish whether the media has influenced the ...


A Comparison Of Student Perceptions In An Alternative School, Kari Mueller-Fuentes May 1997

A Comparison Of Student Perceptions In An Alternative School, Kari Mueller-Fuentes

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Students at risk of failure and students with emotional and behavioral disorders have been known to have lower self concepts, earn poorer grades, and have less motivation to achieve when compared to their peers. Nontraditional methods of teaching have been known to be successful with these students; however, a number of students at risk do not benefit from alternative forms of teaching. In this study interviews were used to examine the difference in perceptions of an alternative program by five students who successfully participated in the program and three students who were not permitted to return to the program. Sociomoral ...


Teacher Recognition Of Student Learning Styles, Michelle Wright May 1997

Teacher Recognition Of Student Learning Styles, Michelle Wright

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The ability of teachers in a special education classroom utilizing individualized instruction to recognize students' learning preferences was investigated. Each student's learning style preference was determined by the administration and evaluation of a learning styles inventory. Teachers were asked to respond to a similiar inventory as they felt their students would respond. A Pearson r performed on the results indicated that a relatively strong relationship existed between the responses at the . 10 level of significance .


The Experiencing Of Democracy And Progressive Education: A Constructivist Approach To Mathematics, A Workshop For Teachers, Preminda Langer May 1997

The Experiencing Of Democracy And Progressive Education: A Constructivist Approach To Mathematics, A Workshop For Teachers, Preminda Langer

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Chronicles the history of schooling in India, discusses the development of the constructivist classroom, and shares a series of math workshops for teachers for nursery and kindergarten classrooms in India.


Children Respond To Storytelling, Catherine Marion May 1997

Children Respond To Storytelling, Catherine Marion

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to find out directly from children what they think, feel and experience when listening to a story being told. Is the telling of stories merely a frivolous activity or a highly effective tool for resolving conflict, exploring values and enhancing language arts, and visualization skills?

The subjects were from three different classrooms. These were, respectively, a fourth grade classroom (n=13), a first grade classroom (n=9) and a kindergarten classroom (n=16). The students were exposed to the telling of two stories told by the same professional storyteller. Each group of children was ...


Reflections On A Third Grade Social Studies Curriculum, Laura E. Gerrity May 1997

Reflections On A Third Grade Social Studies Curriculum, Laura E. Gerrity

Graduate Student Independent Studies

This curriculum study is a narrative account of a teacher and the social studies curriculum she uses with her third grade class. The curriculum is divided into two main parts. One is a study of the students' culture and family history which involves interviews with the children's parents, an examination of maps and literature from those cultures, and a description of the way the students experience the study through their writings, drawings, and conversation.

The second part of the study is an investigation of the students' neighborhood and community. Through interviews with community members, neighborhood walks, and their own ...


A Comparative Study Of Perceptions Regarding Assistive Technology Among Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Parents And Teachers Of Elementary Students With Autism, Carolyn Lee Komich Apr 1997

A Comparative Study Of Perceptions Regarding Assistive Technology Among Physical Therapists, Occupational Therapists, Parents And Teachers Of Elementary Students With Autism, Carolyn Lee Komich

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

Forty subjects were surveyed to determine their perceptions of selection, funding, use and maintenance of assistive technology. The subjects included physical therapists, occupational therapists, parents, and teachers of elementary students with autism . A self-developed questionnaire was used to collect data for this study. 43% of the questionnaires were returned.

Descriptive statistics and Chi-square (X2) were used to analyze data for this study. Results obtained from the descriptive statistics showed that professionals from various disciplines felt comfortable using and maintaining assistive technology but had not been formally trained to do so. The data also indicated that the respondents were unfamiliar ...


Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe Apr 1997

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe

CPRE Research Reports

Although public education is a constitutional responsibility of state government, state policymakers historically delegated this authority to local school districts, particularly in matters of curriculum and instruction. District policymakers, in turn, usually entrusted the curriculum to teachers or textbook publishers, and hired few district staff to develop or provide instructional guidance (Walker, 1990; Rowan, 1983; Crowson and Morris, 1985). Typically, when state or district policymakers did provide direction, they limited it to bare listings of course requirements or behavioral objectives. Few systems prescribed topics within courses or curricula; guidelines about teaching pedagogy were even rarer (Cohen and Spillane, 1993).

In ...


Responses To Teacher Feedback On Errors Differ By Age And Gender, Sandra P. Clarkson, William (Bill) H. Williams Ph.D Apr 1997

Responses To Teacher Feedback On Errors Differ By Age And Gender, Sandra P. Clarkson, William (Bill) H. Williams Ph.D

Publications and Research

Many students enter Hunter College's developmental mathematics program committing errors (mis)learned years earlier. These errors typically persist into the adult years and it is important to correct them specifically; simply reteaching concepts is not sufficient. Furthermore, there is a strong correlation between completion rate and student perception of the instructor's concern. To address both factors, we developed and tested an instructional technique to see whether giving detailed feedback to students about their errors would facilitate progress through the course. We found that the use of the feedback method had a clear positive effect on women; while for ...


The Relationship Between Course Outcomes And The Factors Of Retention As Determined By Webb’S Model Of Student Persistence, Jan K. Fields Apr 1997

The Relationship Between Course Outcomes And The Factors Of Retention As Determined By Webb’S Model Of Student Persistence, Jan K. Fields

Dissertations

This study looked at the differences in various factors of college retention for students who successfully completed all courses in a particular semester as compared to students who did not successfully complete at least one course during that same semester. The college retention factors were taken from Webb's (1988) Model of Student Retention and were assessed through the use of student records and two survey instruments developed by Noel/Levitz (Schreiner & Juillerat, 1994; Stratil, 1988).

The study was conducted at Muskegon Community College during the 1995 Fall Semester using four groups of students: (1) students enrolled in high success vocational programs ...


Understanding Power In The College Classroom, Aubrey Immelman Mar 1997

Understanding Power In The College Classroom, Aubrey Immelman

Psychology Faculty Publications

This article presents a theoretical framework for conceptualizing power relations in educational settings and argues that research on the metamorphic effects of social power provides an empirical basis for the constructive use of power in the college classroom. It recommends that teachers should concentrate on strengthening their informational, expert, and referent power bases; limit their use of legitimate and reward power; and avoid the exercise of coercive power at practically any cost.


Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe Mar 1997

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe

CPRE Policy Briefs

Beginning in the mid-to-late-1980s, state policymakers began to rethink their strategies for influencing curriculum and instruction in public education and adopted a policy strategy known as standards-based, systemic reform.

The rapidity with which the idea of standards-based, systemic reform took hold is remarkable, if not without historical precedent in the strongly networked field of education. Originally incubating quietly in the enclaves of professional subject-matter associations like the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, efforts to set standards and articulate systemic reforms based on them were soon generated by nearly every state in the union (American Federation of Teachers, 1995) and ...


Writing For Their Lives, John Strassburger Jan 1997

Writing For Their Lives, John Strassburger

Publications

This is the second in a series of occasional papers about the challenges confronting students and what Ursinus is doing to help them enter adult life.


Students’ Dropout In Continuing Education: A Namibian Case Study, Vekaama Heroldt Murangi Jan 1997

Students’ Dropout In Continuing Education: A Namibian Case Study, Vekaama Heroldt Murangi

Master's Capstone Projects

This study was undertaken in Namibia, to determine causes for student dropouts m continuing education face-to-face centers. The utilized sample in the study consisted of one hundred and seventy learners (including both current & non-continuing learners), and sixty tutors. In this context, dropout refers to those students enrolling for a course (Grade 10, Standard 10) at face-to-face centers and discontinuing their studies before completing the entire course. It is required from all learners to attend classes regularly before they can sit for the final external examination taking place annually in October or November.

Chapter 1 of the study gives a general ...


Student/Teacher Conflict Regarding Animal Dissection, Jonathan Balcombe Jan 1997

Student/Teacher Conflict Regarding Animal Dissection, Jonathan Balcombe

EDUCATION

No abstract provided.


Jaepl, Vol. 3, Winter 1997-1998, Alice G. Brand (Editor) Jan 1997

Jaepl, Vol. 3, Winter 1997-1998, Alice G. Brand (Editor)

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Essays

Regina Foehr. A Tribute to James Moffett. Miles Myers. Remembering James Moffett. Donald R. Gallehr. Reading Jim Moffett. Richard L. Graves. Jim, We Hardly Knew You. Regina Foehr. Memories of James Moffett. Sheridan Blau. A Reflection and Memoir. Betty Jane Wagner. Outliving Jim Moffett.

C. Jan Swearingen. Doubting and Believing: The Hermeneutics of Suspicion in Contexts of Faith. A belief-centered pedagogy helps students infuse cultural values into adversarial modes of academic writing.

Terri Pullen. Active Reciprocity: The Positive, Mindful Flow of Mental Energy. The construct of mindfulness relates to Eastern meditative practices, consciousness, quantum physics, and creativity.

Janet M ...


Front Matter, Alice G. Brand (Editor) Jan 1997

Front Matter, Alice G. Brand (Editor)

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

Editor's Message

This is the last issue of my three-year term as inaugural editor of the Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning.

There is something fine for me in starting something from nothing, so to speak. What is it about the mystery, doing the truly active research that does not require a library or the internet? I always feel the fun, the risk of doing things other people do not do. That does not necessarily make me popular. But it does make me strong. Then it makes me scared which also makes me vulnerable to criticism ...


A Tribute To James Moffett, Miles Myers, Donald R. Gallehr, Richard L. Graves, Regina Foehr, Sheridan Blau, Betty Jane Wagner Jan 1997

A Tribute To James Moffett, Miles Myers, Donald R. Gallehr, Richard L. Graves, Regina Foehr, Sheridan Blau, Betty Jane Wagner

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

A tribute to James Moffett, a visionary and trailblazer, who wrote about trends in education long before others even considered their possibilities.


Doubting And Believing: The Hermeneutics Of Suspicion In Contexts Of Faith, C. Jan Swearingen Jan 1997

Doubting And Believing: The Hermeneutics Of Suspicion In Contexts Of Faith, C. Jan Swearingen

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

A belief-centered pedagogy helps students infuse cultural values into adversarial modes of academic writing.


Active Receptivity: The Positive, Mindful Flow Of Mental Energy, Terri G. Pullen Jan 1997

Active Receptivity: The Positive, Mindful Flow Of Mental Energy, Terri G. Pullen

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

The construct of mindfulness relates to Eastern meditative practices, consciousness, quantum physics, and creativity.


Julia Kristeva And The Psychological Dynamics Of Writing, Janet M. Ellerby Jan 1997

Julia Kristeva And The Psychological Dynamics Of Writing, Janet M. Ellerby

The Journal of the Assembly for Expanded Perspectives on Learning

By tapping into latent emotional dynamics, Kristeva's poststructuralist psychology offers a means to modify the cognitive order emphasized in academic discourse.