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Full-Text Articles in Education

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson Oct 2018

Experimental Impacts Of The Ongoing Assessment Project On Teachers And Students, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Caroline B. Ebby, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson

CPRE Research Reports

In this report, we describe the results of a rigorous two-year study of the impacts of a mathematics initiative called Ongoing Assessment Project (OGAP) on teacher and student learning in grades 3-5 in two Philadelphia area school districts. OGAP is a mathematics program which combines teacher formative assessment practices with knowledge of student developmental progressions to build deeper student understanding of mathematics content. OGAP includes teacher professional development, classroom resources, school-based routines for regular practice, and ongoing school-based supports. The study was conducted in 61 schools during the 2014-15 and 2015-16 school years, with OGAP randomly assigned to 31 schools ...


Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin Mar 2018

Teachers' Work Practices In Kazakhstan: Some Comparative Insights From Timms 2011 To Guide Curriculum Implementation, Alan Ruby, Colleen Mclaughlin

GSE Publications

This paper looks at the different norms of practice between mathematics teachers in two countries, Kazakhstan and England. These differences pose challenges and opportunities for the implementation of a new secondary curriculum in Kazakhstan; a curriculum that has been shaped by and is grounded in prevailing practice in English educational system. The paper draws on survey data from the 2011 TIMSS exercise and relates it to our observations of classrooms in Kazakhstan over the last 5 years. The analy­sis draws on various cross­national studies of teachers’ work and studies of subject departments. The paper concludes with a discussion ...


Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas Mar 2018

Ethnography Of Language Planning And Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger, Aldo A. Tapia, David H. Hanks, Frances K. Dueñas

GSE Publications

A decade ago, Hornberger & Johnson proposed that the ethnography of language planning and policy (ELPP) offers a useful way to understand how people create, interpret, and at times resist language policy and planning (LPP). They envisioned ethnographic investigation of layered LPP ideological and implementational spaces, taking up Hornberger's plea five years earlier for language users, educators, and researchers to fill up and wedge open ideological and implementational spaces for multiple languages, literacies, identities, and practices to flourish and grow rather than dwindle and disappear. With roots going back to the 1980s and 1990s, ethnographic research in LPP had been ...


First Not Last: A Not-So-Modest Proposal To Support First-Generation, Low-Income Students At The Univesrity Of Pennsylvania, Monica Yant Kinney Aug 2017

First Not Last: A Not-So-Modest Proposal To Support First-Generation, Low-Income Students At The Univesrity Of Pennsylvania, Monica Yant Kinney

Master of Science in Organizational Dynamics Theses

First-generation, low-income (FGLI, pronounced “figly”) students, including women, underrepresented minorities, and undocumented immigrants, represent a growing presence in higher education. These ambitious scholars arrive at community colleges and four-year public and private university campuses with characteristics that set them apart from middle-class and affluent classmates whose parents earned college degrees. These differences exacerbate at elite institutions historically known for educating wealthy students. This capstone explores the question, “What does it mean to be a first-generation, low-income student at an elite university, and how can institutions of higher education best support FGLI students?” I examine the national landscape and then turn ...


Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program, Kenneth Schainman Aug 2017

Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program, Kenneth Schainman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This Capstone provides the rationale and preliminary curriculum for a Summer Camp Professionals’ Positive Psychology Certification Program. One hundred and fifty years before the advent of positive psychology, summer camps were designed to teach children the art of flourishing (Paris, 2008). During that time, camps have organically developed techniques to foster positive emotion, engagement, positive relationships, meaning and accomplishment –fundamental building blocks of Martin Seligman’s (2011) PERMA model of wellbeing. As effective as camps are at promoting flourishing, however, they can become even more so by incorporating new insights and techniques from the field of positive psychology. The Camp ...


Strategies For Strengthening The Technical Workforce: A Review Of International Evidence, Katharine M. Conn Phd, Elizabeth H. Park, Wakasa Nagakura Phd, Sherihan Khalil, Thomas Corcoran Jun 2017

Strategies For Strengthening The Technical Workforce: A Review Of International Evidence, Katharine M. Conn Phd, Elizabeth H. Park, Wakasa Nagakura Phd, Sherihan Khalil, Thomas Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

Numerous countries suffer from a shortage of technicians and skilled workers, particularly in the STEM fields (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics), due to a mismatch between the skills and interests of the students graduating from or leaving the current education system and the needs of the labor market. Often, parents and students place a high priority on entering and completing university, and as a consequence, many students pursue academic education in secondary schools in order to gain entrance to university, only to find themselves entering the job market lacking the skills they need for employment and advancement. Further, in some ...


The Impact Of Ogap On Elementary Math Teacher Knowledge And Student Achievement, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson May 2017

The Impact Of Ogap On Elementary Math Teacher Knowledge And Student Achievement, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Janine Remillard, Robert A. Nathenson

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

The Ongoing Assessment Project (OGAP) is a learning trajectory-oriented formative assessment program that develops teachers’ abilities to understand and apply research-based developmental trajectories in math content areas to deepen their thinking about their students. In OGAP, teachers learn to use a learning progression framework to continually assess and adapt their instruction to students’ developing understanding, aiming to move them towards more sophisticated strategies in a range of multiplicative contexts. For this reason, OGAP puts a premium on students’ precision of answer (including correctness and unit labeling) and sophistication of solution response.

In this study we examine the multi-year impacts of ...


Developing Measures Of Teacher And Student Understanding In Relation To Learning Trajectories, Caroline Ebby, Philip Sirinides, Jonathan Supovitz May 2017

Developing Measures Of Teacher And Student Understanding In Relation To Learning Trajectories, Caroline Ebby, Philip Sirinides, Jonathan Supovitz

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

This paper describes the impact of the OGAP intervention on teachers’ ability to use formative assessment data for instructional decision making. We measured this construct both before and after one and two years of the intervention with an instrument developed to measure teacher knowledge of student thinking in the activity of looking at and responding to student work. We begin with an overview of the design and development of the TASK instrument, and then present quantitative and qualitative findings on the impact on teacher responses.


School-Based Structures That Support Teacher Use Of Learning Trajectory Frameworks, Janine Remillard, Cecile Sam, Jordan D'Olier, Hayden Lyons May 2017

School-Based Structures That Support Teacher Use Of Learning Trajectory Frameworks, Janine Remillard, Cecile Sam, Jordan D'Olier, Hayden Lyons

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

The OGAP intervention incorporates two approaches to mathematics instruction that are well supported by research, but have not been uniformly adopted in U.S. schools: The first is ongoing formative assessment by teachers to tailor instruction to student needs (Black & Wiliam, 1998); the second is the use of learning trajectories to specify conceptual pathways for student development within specific domains (Daro et al., 2011; Sztajn et al., 2012). Implementing OGAP in schools involves a great deal of learning on the part of teachers and school leaders. It also involves embracing a fundamental shift in how one thinks about learning and designing instruction ...


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


El Aprendizaje En La Base De La Pirámide: Restricciones, Comparabilidad Y Política En Países En Vías De Desarrollo, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo Jan 2017

El Aprendizaje En La Base De La Pirámide: Restricciones, Comparabilidad Y Política En Países En Vías De Desarrollo, Daniel A. Wagner, Nathan M. Castillo

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Los objetivos para el desarrollo de las Naciones Unidas han asignado, de manera sostenida, una alta prioridad a la calidad educativa —y a la del aprendizaje. Esto ha llevado a avances sustanciales en ayuda para el desarrollo internacional hacia la educación, y también a una mayor atención, a nivel mundial, a la importancia del aprendizaje de los niños. Sin embargo, tales metas son principalmente normativas: tienden a representar promedios entre naciones, brindando limitada atención a las variaciones dentro de dichos países. La presente investigación proporciona un análisis de las tensiones científicas en la comprensión del aprendizaje en poblaciones pobres y ...


We Are Our Own Best Advocates: Latinx Immigrants Teaching And Learning For Their Rights, Alicia Rebeca Rusoja Jan 2017

We Are Our Own Best Advocates: Latinx Immigrants Teaching And Learning For Their Rights, Alicia Rebeca Rusoja

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Alicia Rusoja

H. Gerald Campano

This practitioner inquiry (Cochran-Smith & Lytle, 2009) study examines the literacy, teaching and learning practices of Latinx immigrants’ organizing in the context of historically high anti-immigrant legal violence (Abrego & Menj�var, 2012) by the United States government. Informed by theories of de/coloniality (e.g. Mignolo, 2011), research decolonization (e.g. Smith, 1999/2012), literacy as sociocultural practice (e.g. Street, 1984), intergenerational learning (e.g., Gadsden & Hall, 1996), Latina/Chicana feminist epistemologies (e.g., Anzald�a, 1987/2007) and popular education (e.g., Freire, 1970/2007), this study involved systemic inquiry into my own and shared organizing practice at a grassroots immigrant-led Latinx organization over the course of one year. Methods included in-depth interviews of eleven Latinx immigrants with whom I shared an organizing practice, as well as documentation of our work through fieldnotes and photography.

A key finding is that Latinx immigrant communities organize for their rights by intergenerationally mobilizing literacies as critical social practices that facilitate what I term a “communal pedagogy of resistance”. This is an inquiry-based dialectic pedagogy that foregrounds communal being, expands our sense of who is part of our people, and leads to intermeshed action (Lorde, 1984; Lugones, 2014) for immigrant rights and for the larger dismantling of systems of oppression that affect all disenfranchised and racialized communities in the U.S. Another key finding is that practitioner inquiry can be a methodology to resist coloniality. Distinctively, this research also demonstrates that the organizing practice of Latinx immigrants is inquiry-based intergenerational educational practice.

As a whole, this study provides important insights for K-12, community-based and higher education practitioners. Among much else, this research makes the case for regarding Latinx immigrant children, youth, adults and families through deepened resource-orientations ...


Language And Voice, Nancy H. Hornberger Apr 2016

Language And Voice, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

These resources cannot be neglected much longer without lasting negative effects. While we have introdu ed here the idea of a “resource-­language” to talk about cultural and linguistic maintenance, we must see the differences between these and material resources like coal and oil. We can leave the oil in the ground and it will still be there to use in a hundred years; the more we use it, and the more we use it unwisely, the less we have of it later. Just the opposite is true of language and culture. The more we use these, the more we ...


Learning About New Demands In Schools: Considering Algebra Policy Environments (Landscape), Michael D. Steele, Janine Remillard, John Y. Baker, Lindsay M. Keazer, Beth Herbel-Eisenmann Apr 2016

Learning About New Demands In Schools: Considering Algebra Policy Environments (Landscape), Michael D. Steele, Janine Remillard, John Y. Baker, Lindsay M. Keazer, Beth Herbel-Eisenmann

CPRE Research Reports

The past three decades in mathematics education policy and research have seen a considerable focus on algebra and its place in secondary schools. Access to and success in the first high school course, most often termed Algebra I, has been framed as a civil rights issue, a harbinger of college success, and a lynchpin to global competitiveness. Policymakers have targeted access to Algebra I through universal enrollment policies at specific grade levels, while educational researchers and policy analysts have investigated the efficacy of such policies in improving student outcomes.


The End Of The Lecture?, Peter T. Struck Mar 2016

The End Of The Lecture?, Peter T. Struck

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

This is a challenging environment for the lecture. In recent years, we have seen a welcome degree of ferment and experimentation in teaching, mostly using technology. As innovators make their cases for this or that new way, they often find it useful to push back against the old. And when something is needed to push back against, it's usually the lecture that comes into their sights. In an OpEd in the New York Times last fall, Eric Mazur, a Harvard physicist, was quoted as saying, "it's almost unethical to be lecturing." Unethical. That's pretty strong beer.


The Impact Of Ogap On Elementary Math Teacher Knowledge And Student Achievement, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Abigail Gray Mar 2016

The Impact Of Ogap On Elementary Math Teacher Knowledge And Student Achievement, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Abigail Gray

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


Reading Recovery: An Evaluation Of The Four-Year I3 Scale-Up, Henry May, Philip M Sirinides, Abigail Gray, Heather Goldsworthy Mar 2016

Reading Recovery: An Evaluation Of The Four-Year I3 Scale-Up, Henry May, Philip M Sirinides, Abigail Gray, Heather Goldsworthy

CPRE Research Reports

CPRE released its evaluation of one of the most ambitious and well-documented expansions of a U.S. instructional curriculum. The rigorous independent evaluation of the Investing in Innovation (i3) scale-up of Reading Recovery, a literacy intervention for struggling first graders, was a collaboration between CPRE and the Center for Research on Education and Social Policy (CRESP) at the University of Delaware.

The CPRE/CRESP evaluation revealed that students who participated in Reading Recovery significantly outperformed students in the control group on measures of overall reading, reading comprehension, and decoding. These effects were similarly large for English language learners and students ...


The Ongoing Assessment Project (Ogap): Impact Findings, Implementation Puzzles & Next Steps, Jonathan A. Supovitz Jan 2016

The Ongoing Assessment Project (Ogap): Impact Findings, Implementation Puzzles & Next Steps, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Conference Presentations and Papers

No abstract provided.


Throwing Down The Gauntlet: Ten Ways To Ensure That Higher Education Research Continues To Matter, Laura W. Perna Jan 2016

Throwing Down The Gauntlet: Ten Ways To Ensure That Higher Education Research Continues To Matter, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Imagine what a keynote address at the very first meeting of what has become the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) would have forecast about ASHE in the year 2015. Would the conveners of the first ASHE conference have guessed that:

∙ The number of ASHE members would grow sevenfold, rising from 300 in 1977 (Kellams, 1977) to more than 2,200 in 2015?

∙ The conference would no longer be held over two days in March, immediately preceding or following the annual American Association for Higher Education (AAHE) meeting, but instead would be a standalone conference held over four ...


Learning Racial Justice: Teachers' Collaborative Learning As Theory And Praxis, Rhiannon Mary Stanway Maton Jan 2016

Learning Racial Justice: Teachers' Collaborative Learning As Theory And Praxis, Rhiannon Mary Stanway Maton

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Activist teachers are increasingly organizing within and beyond their unions to respond to political trends toward austerity and the privatization of public education (Hursh, 2004; Quinn & Carl, 2015; Ravitch, 2010, 2013). Teacher-led grassroots groups often strive to partner in meaningful ways with parents and communities (Weiner, 2012), but simultaneously overlook how deeply embedded community histories shape the community and policy context (Crenshaw, 2011; Delgado & Stefancic, 2012; Gadsden, 1994), and teachers’ organizing and professional practices (Maton, 2016). The enhanced recent visibility of race-inflected social activism (#BlackLivesMatter, 2016) raises significant questions about how politically active teachers understand and engage with issues of racial justice.

This dissertation ...


In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter Jan 2016

In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz Jan 2016

Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz

GSE Publications

No book designed to inform understanding of how higher education is influenced by and responds to societal changes, demands, and progress would be complete without a chapter on technology. Defined as "the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life," technology is a fundamental element of any society.1 Technology is more than cutting-edge, advanced, "high-tech" innovations and is not limited to "technology sectors" like aerospace, nanotechnology, and robotics. Rather, the term "technology" refers to the tools that are available in the society in which we live and work, and that may be applied and leveraged to ...


Revisiting Orientations In Language Planning: Problem, Right, And Resource As An Analytical Heuristic, Francis M. Hult, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2016

Revisiting Orientations In Language Planning: Problem, Right, And Resource As An Analytical Heuristic, Francis M. Hult, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

In 1984, Richard Ruiz set forth three orientations to language planning: language as problem, language as right, and language as resource. Since that time, the orientations have only become more powerful, rising to the level of paradigm in the field of language policy and planning (LPP). In this paper, we revisit Ruiz’s orientations. By drawing upon Ruiz’s own work as well as the work of other scholars who have been inspired by him, we unpack the ideas aligned with each orientation in order to reflect upon the application of the three orientations as a heuristic for LPP. In ...


Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang Dec 2015

Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang

GSE Publications

Since "the year of the MOOC" in 2012, the effectiveness of massive open online course (MOOCs) has been widely debated. Some argue that MOOCs are not an effective mode of instructional delivery because of low completion rates. In the interest of developing alternative indicators of performance this study draws from recent efforts to measure engagement in social media, as well as from research on indicators of student engagement in traditional college courses. Using data from 16 Coursera MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania we calculate standardized access rates for lectures and assessments. While these indicators have clear limitations as ...


State Education Agencies And The Implementation Of New Teacher Evaluation Systems, Patrick Mcguinn Oct 2015

State Education Agencies And The Implementation Of New Teacher Evaluation Systems, Patrick Mcguinn

CPRE Policy Briefs

It has been three years since Race to the Top grant-winning states piloted new teacher evaluation systems and many of them have made considerable progress, yet according to media coverage and a Government Accountability Office report published in April 2015, struggles remain and most grantees have asked to extend the timetables for completing this work. Given the enormous importance and complexity of these reforms — and the fact that states vary widely in the timing, approach, and success of their implementation work — this is an excellent opportunity to assess the progress that has been made and identify where challenges persist. It ...


Review Of William Easterly, The Tyranny Of Experts: Economists, Dictators, And The Forgotten Rights Of The Poor, Daniel A. Wagner May 2015

Review Of William Easterly, The Tyranny Of Experts: Economists, Dictators, And The Forgotten Rights Of The Poor, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Toilets, plumbers, and development economists. This book is provocative at several levels—designed to disturb the professional development specialist and force a change in the public discourse on economic development. Does Easterly really mean to criticize the accumulated knowledge of so many who have fought so hard to bring knowledge and empiricism to the forefront of development? Yes and no. Yes, because he views accumulated knowledge or "expertise" as being consciously or unconsciously biased against those who strive hard (on their own) for success. No, because he recognizes, as reflected in the above quote, that knowledge (read experts) can really ...


Des Évaluations Simples, Rapides Et Abordables: Améliorer L'Apprentissage Dans Les Pays En Développement, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2015

Des Évaluations Simples, Rapides Et Abordables: Améliorer L'Apprentissage Dans Les Pays En Développement, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Cet ouvrage, initialement publié en anglais par l'Institut international de planification de l'éducation de l'UNESCO (IIPE-UNESCO) et le Partenariat mondial pour l'éducation (PME), rejoint les préoccupations de plusieurs États et gouvernements de la Francophonie, qui font face au défi de la qualité de l'éducation. Á l'heure du bilan des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement et de ceux de l'Éducation pour tous – qui s'achéveront en 2015 – et malgré les remarquables progrès effectués, depuis le Forum de Dakar en 2000, la scolarisation primaire universelle et la qualité de l'éducation dispensée demeurent des ...


Moocs For Development: Trends, Challenges, And Opportunities, Nathan M. Castillo, Jinsol Lee, Fatima T. Zahra, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2015

Moocs For Development: Trends, Challenges, And Opportunities, Nathan M. Castillo, Jinsol Lee, Fatima T. Zahra, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The recent rise of massive open online courses (MOOCs) has generated significant media attention for their potential to disrupt the traditional modes of education trough ease of access and free or low-cost content delivery. MOOCs offer the potential to enable access to high-quality education to students, even in the most underserved regions of the world. However, much of the excitement surrounding opportunities for MOOCs in non-OECD contexts remains unproven. Challenges with regard to infrastructure, sustainability, and evaluation have disrupted early attempts to expand inclusion for those least educated. Drawing on proceedings from a recent international conference on MOOCs for Development ...