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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

2018

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Examining Online Delivered Orientation To Online Learning Association With Community College Student Success, Kelly White Jul 2018

Examining Online Delivered Orientation To Online Learning Association With Community College Student Success, Kelly White

All Theses And Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to discover if there is an association between student completion of an online delivered orientation (OLO) to online learning and the student success factors of end of course grades and course completion. This study was conducted because course completion rates in online courses are unacceptably low. Educational institution administration, state and federal agencies have all taken an interest in student completion and retention rates. Discovering ways to improve the situation is gaining support. There are many factors which may influence student grades and completion rates. This study focused on the factor of an online ...


Impact Of Teacher Perceptions On Instructional Practices In Alternative Public High Schools, Stacy A. Miller Jul 2018

Impact Of Teacher Perceptions On Instructional Practices In Alternative Public High Schools, Stacy A. Miller

All Theses And Dissertations

Alternative schools are perceived by some as low performing schools with ineffective faculty and delinquent students. This perception affects the perceptions of some alternative school teachers about their students and influences the instructional practices they employ. By being aware of their perceptions and resulting practices, these educators can make a positive impact on the education of at-risk students in alternative settings. The purpose of this study was to understand how alternative school teachers’ perceptions of their students’ abilities influenced their instructional practices and how they perceived those practices support at-risk student academic success in public alternative high schools. To fulfill ...


Reduce Randomly Guessing Effects In A University Generic Skills Test, Luc T. Le Jun 2018

Reduce Randomly Guessing Effects In A University Generic Skills Test, Luc T. Le

Dr Luc Tu Le

There frequent concern of guessing with multiple-choice questions (MCQ) in item response theory (IRT), particularly with the Rach model where a guessing parameter is not included.  A practical solution is done post-hoc by removing responses to items too hard for a low ability examinee (see Andrich, et al., 2011; RUMM 2030, Andrich et al., 2012; Winsteps, Linacre, 2012). This study is used data from The Special Tertiary Admissions Test (STAT) to explore whether such responses from lower ability candidates to a hard item in a real test could be considered as randomly guessing and how Rasch item difficulty estimates improve ...


Effect Of Trial Items On Candidate Performances In A Large-Scale Postgraduate Medical Selection Test, Luc T. Le Jun 2018

Effect Of Trial Items On Candidate Performances In A Large-Scale Postgraduate Medical Selection Test, Luc T. Le

Dr Luc Tu Le

The Graduate Australian Medical School Admissions Test (GAMSAT) is a cognitive test developed by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) for the Consortium of Graduate-entry Medical Schools. GAMSAT consists of two writing tasks and two multiple-choice (MC) sections: Reasoning in Humanities and Social Sciences (75 items), and Reasoning in Biological and Physical Sciences (110 items). In each administration, each of the two MC sections includes different test booklets with the same cored items but different sets of trialled items. The trial item sets have been aimed to be equivalent in contents and difficulty levels across the test booklets. This ...


Rayuela 2.0: Una Herramienta Para Promocionar La Labor Innovadora De Maestros/As Mediante La Generación De Diseños De Investigación Rigurosos., Ivan M. Jorrín Abellán Jun 2018

Rayuela 2.0: Una Herramienta Para Promocionar La Labor Innovadora De Maestros/As Mediante La Generación De Diseños De Investigación Rigurosos., Ivan M. Jorrín Abellán

Ivan M. Jorrín Abellán

En esta comunicación mostramos el proceso seguido para la creación de una versión mejorada de Rayuela, un marco teórico y una herramienta web propuestos para ayudar a investigadores noveles en la generación de diseños de investigación en educación. La versión 2.0 de Rayuela constituye una herramienta al alcance de maestros y maestras, para la propuesta de innovaciones fundamentadas en el análisis sistemático y riguroso de sus prácticas. 


2017 Pulaski County Education Report Card, Sarah C. Mckenzie, Gary W. Ritter Jun 2018

2017 Pulaski County Education Report Card, Sarah C. Mckenzie, Gary W. Ritter

Education Report Card

There are many things that contribute to a ‘good’ school, but we believe student academic growth is perhaps the most meaningful measure of school performance or school effectiveness. Many Pulaski County schools had high growth at one or two school levels, and there is evidence of variation in growth rates between schools within the same districts. We recommend district and school leaders examine where their students are not demonstrating high growth, examine high growth schools to see what those schools are doing differently, and consider how they can further support learning for their students.


2017 Northwest Arkansas Education Report Card, Sarah C. Mckenzie, Gary W. Ritter Jun 2018

2017 Northwest Arkansas Education Report Card, Sarah C. Mckenzie, Gary W. Ritter

Education Report Card

This report card presents information about these key performance indicators for the districts in Benton and Washington counties. The Growth, Achievement, School Quality, and Overall scores of each 15 traditional districts are compared to the average scores of the regional districts with similar enrollment 5 large districts and 10 small districts. The scores of the 5 public charter schools are compared to the average scores of all schools in the NWA area.


Nepc Review: Is Public Schooling A Public Good? An Analysis Of Schooling Externalities (Cato Institute, May 2018), Doris A. Santoro Jun 2018

Nepc Review: Is Public Schooling A Public Good? An Analysis Of Schooling Externalities (Cato Institute, May 2018), Doris A. Santoro

National Education Policy Center

A report from the Cato Institute opens with Horace Mann’s well-known conviction that public schools are the bedrock of a democratic society – a public good that should be made available to all. Yet the report, Is Public Schooling a Public Good? An Analysis of Schooling Externalities, improperly conflates the civic and economic definitions of a public good. Although the report begins with Mann’s vision of the role of public schools as building a better society, it then misleadingly shifts the analysis to the economic value of public schools as a market-based “good” like steel or corn. The report ...


Applying Conditional Distributions To Individuals: Using Latent Variable Models, Feng Ji Jun 2018

Applying Conditional Distributions To Individuals: Using Latent Variable Models, Feng Ji

Theses and Dissertations

This study proposes a new method to interpret individual results of psychological test batteries. The Mahalanobis distance is a commonly-used measure of how unusual an individual’s profile of scores is compared to a population of score profiles. In models in which there is a set of predictors and a set of dependent variables (e.g., cognitive abilities predicting academic abilities), it is useful to distinguish between a profile of dependent scores that is unusual because its profile of predictor scores is unusual and a profile of dependent scores that is unusual even after controlling for the predictors. The conditional ...


Developing An Evaluation Tool To Examine Motivational Factors Of Non-Student Community Partnership Participants, Julia Thompson, Jinny Rhee Jun 2018

Developing An Evaluation Tool To Examine Motivational Factors Of Non-Student Community Partnership Participants, Julia Thompson, Jinny Rhee

Faculty Publications, Mechanical Engineering

Research of engineering community engagement has primarily focused on the experiences and outcomes of students, yet it is often the faculty, administrators, and community partners who have a long-term commitment to the program’s success. In this study, we are developing and validating an assessment instrument that combines two previously identified aspects of community engagement programs: participant motivation and the nature of engagement relationships. Participant motivation refers to the reasons people stay engaged in the community engagement experience and can be categorized into: student learning and growth, personal and professional development, and benefits to the community organization. The nature of ...


Many Hands On The Elephant: How A Transdisciplinary Team Assesses An Integrative Course, David Dibiasio, Kristin Boudreau, Leslie Dodson, Paula Quinn, John Bergendahl, John M. Sullivan Jr, Curtis Abel, Laura A. Robinson, Sarah Wodin-Schwartz Jun 2018

Many Hands On The Elephant: How A Transdisciplinary Team Assesses An Integrative Course, David Dibiasio, Kristin Boudreau, Leslie Dodson, Paula Quinn, John Bergendahl, John M. Sullivan Jr, Curtis Abel, Laura A. Robinson, Sarah Wodin-Schwartz

Faculty Publications and Research

This paper, for the Evidence-based Practice category of the ERM division of ASEE, describes our efforts to assess a transdisciplinary course that brings together the humanities and engineering —specifically history, ethics, theatre, writing and literature with fluid mechanics, material properties, statics, stress and engineering design. We briefly describe this two-course, first-year curriculum that combines role-playing with engineering design and the engineering concepts necessary to develop culturally appropriate, human-centered waste management systems. The course breaks new ground in transdisciplinary teaching by employing faculty from engineering, the humanities, the social sciences and business who have worked collaboratively to develop the syllabus and ...


Correlation Between Instructional School Culture And Student Achievement In An Urban District, Wayman Graham Jun 2018

Correlation Between Instructional School Culture And Student Achievement In An Urban District, Wayman Graham

Ed.D. Dissertations

The Teachers Talent Toolbox needed a tool that could compile usable information on any given learning institution through data collection and analysis and provide usable qualitative and quantitative data that could be used to identify the causes of low achievement and provide necessary interventions within the school to improve student outcomes. To answer this need, the Instructional Culture Index/Insight Survey was developed by the New Teacher Project in 2016 and has been widely used and implemented in many schools and districts. This survey instrument was validated and deemed reliable by the RAND Corporation also in 2016. The purpose of ...


Experiential Knowledge And Project-Based Learning In Bilingual Classrooms, Adriana Alvarez Jun 2018

Experiential Knowledge And Project-Based Learning In Bilingual Classrooms, Adriana Alvarez

Occasional Paper Series

Culturally and linguistically diverse children deserve sophisticated and dynamic biliterate learning opportunities that integrate the children’s life experiences and keen intellects. Dynamic learning in early childhood classrooms, including progressivist pedagogical approaches like project-based learning, has been shown to facilitate academic achievement as well as high-level learning capabilities including critical thinking, agency, problem solving, and negotiation (Adair, 2014; Bell, 2010; Hyson, 2008; Katz & Chard, 2000). Too often, culturally and linguistically diverse children are offered learning opportunities that fall short of helping students achieve their potential or of validating their life experiences (González, Moll, & Amanti, 2005; Nieto & Bode, 2008; Valenzuela, 1999). Instead these children receive reductionist instruction characterized by limited, dull activities such as drills, isolated tasks, repetition, and memorization of material (Banks, 1991; Delpit, 1995; Gay, 2010).

Culturally and linguistically diverse children not only ...


Editor's Note, Jonathan Silin Jun 2018

Editor's Note, Jonathan Silin

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Final Report: Development Of An Online Engagement Scale, Darren Matthews, Ling Tan, Daniel Edwards Jun 2018

Final Report: Development Of An Online Engagement Scale, Darren Matthews, Ling Tan, Daniel Edwards

Dr Daniel Edwards

The Commonwealth Department of Education and Training commissioned the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) to review the Learner Engagement Scale (LES), a key measure of student experience. It is administered as part of the Student Experience Survey, an annual survey of a sample of the 400 000 first and final year undergraduates studying at Australian Higher Education institutions – 80 per cent on-campus and around 8 per cent off-campus. Over the years, LES results have consistently shown substantially lower engagement levels in off-campus students – far in excess of the variation between teaching modes that might be expected – giving rise to ...


Communicative Equality: Needs Assessment Of Sign Language Interpreters In South Dakota, Cyndi Fisher Jun 2018

Communicative Equality: Needs Assessment Of Sign Language Interpreters In South Dakota, Cyndi Fisher

Master's of Arts in Interpreting Studies (MAIS) Theses

Data compiled for this research will be used as a pilot study to support further research needed to consider an interpreter education program in West River region of South Dakota. Surveys were distributed to businesses, individuals in the Deaf community, and interpreters who are registered in the state of South Dakota. Face-to-face interviews were scheduled with two owners of two interpreting agencies that schedule interpreter requests throughout South Dakota. Data collection hinted at the need for qualified interpreters in the state, with a more enhanced focus on the western region of the state. Survey results suggest that interpreters are needed ...


Development Of Reporting Scales For Reading And Mathematics: A Report Describing The Process For Building The Uis Reporting Scales, Ross Turner, Ray Adams, Ursula Schwantner, Dan Cloney, Claire Scoular, Prue Anderson, Alexander Daraganov, Jen Jackson, Sandra Knowles, Gayl O'Connor, Pam Munro-Smith, Stavroula Zoumboulis, Pauline Rogers Jun 2018

Development Of Reporting Scales For Reading And Mathematics: A Report Describing The Process For Building The Uis Reporting Scales, Ross Turner, Ray Adams, Ursula Schwantner, Dan Cloney, Claire Scoular, Prue Anderson, Alexander Daraganov, Jen Jackson, Sandra Knowles, Gayl O'Connor, Pam Munro-Smith, Stavroula Zoumboulis, Pauline Rogers

Gayl O'Connor

As a technical partner of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, ACER-GEM has created reporting scales for reading and maths, with the intention of enabling countries to examine and report the outcomes of their assessment activities using a common framework. This report gives the theoretical and contextual background to the scales, and describes the steps in the drafting process.


What Remuneration Levels Should Apply To Highly Accomplished And Lead Teacher Certification, Lawrence Ingvarson Jun 2018

What Remuneration Levels Should Apply To Highly Accomplished And Lead Teacher Certification, Lawrence Ingvarson

Teacher Workforce and Careers

This expert witness report was commissioned by the Queensland Teachers’ Union in April, 2018 as part of evidence to be presented in a submission to the Queensland Industrial Relations Commission. The purpose of this report was to review research that would assist the Commission in arriving at its decision regarding appropriate remuneration levels for certified Highly Accomplished and Lead Teachers.


Student Athletes’ Perception Of Sexual Harassment, Lynn Hunt Long, Regina Rahimi, Delores D. Liston Jun 2018

Student Athletes’ Perception Of Sexual Harassment, Lynn Hunt Long, Regina Rahimi, Delores D. Liston

Delores D. Liston

Purpose: This qualitative study examined the perceptions of student athletes regarding sexual harassment and other forms of gendered harassment (homophobic bullying) as well as knowledge of and/or experiences with harassment in high school and university settings, primarily in athletic school culture.

Methodology: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty-seven former high school athletes/active university athletes. The data were analyzed regarding theme and their relationship to the reviewed literature.

Findings: Findings indicate that the athletic culture poses particular issues pertaining to the vulnerabilities and persistence of sexual bullying and harassment.

Discussion: Educators, coaches, and administrators must understand harassment, work to ...


What Remuneration Levels Should Apply To Highly Accomplished And Lead Teacher Certification, Lawrence C. Ingvarson Jun 2018

What Remuneration Levels Should Apply To Highly Accomplished And Lead Teacher Certification, Lawrence C. Ingvarson

Dr Lawrence Ingvarson (Consultant)

This expert witness report was commissioned by the Queensland Teachers’ Union in April, 2018 as part of evidence to be presented in a submission to the Queensland Industrial Relations Commission. The purpose of this report was to review research that would assist the Commission in arriving at its decision regarding appropriate remuneration levels for certified Highly Accomplished and Lead Teachers.


High School Options And Post-Secondary Student Success: The Catholic School Advantage, David J. Fleming, Stéphane Lavertu, William Crawford Jun 2018

High School Options And Post-Secondary Student Success: The Catholic School Advantage, David J. Fleming, Stéphane Lavertu, William Crawford

Journal of Catholic Education

Recognizing that post-secondary student attainment and achievement is of increasing import for economic success, this study compares the post-secondary performance of students who attended public and private high schools. The results generally indicate that students who attended Catholic high schools had higher college GPAs, were more likely to graduate, and were more likely to graduate with a STEM degree. This Catholic school advantage was wide-ranging, benefiting many subgroups of students, including non-white, low income, urban, and low-achieving students. We controlled for a rich set of factors and conducted sensitivity analyses to establish the strength of these results.


Development Of Reporting Scales For Reading And Mathematics: A Report Describing The Process For Building The Uis Reporting Scales, Ross Turner, Ray Adams, Ursula Schwantner, Dan Cloney, Claire Scoular, Prue Anderson, Alexander Daraganov, Jen Jackson, Sandra Knowles, Gayl O'Connor, Pam Munro-Smith, Stavroula Zoumboulis, Pauline Rogers Jun 2018

Development Of Reporting Scales For Reading And Mathematics: A Report Describing The Process For Building The Uis Reporting Scales, Ross Turner, Ray Adams, Ursula Schwantner, Dan Cloney, Claire Scoular, Prue Anderson, Alexander Daraganov, Jen Jackson, Sandra Knowles, Gayl O'Connor, Pam Munro-Smith, Stavroula Zoumboulis, Pauline Rogers

Professor Ray Adams

As a technical partner of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, ACER-GEM has created reporting scales for reading and maths, with the intention of enabling countries to examine and report the outcomes of their assessment activities using a common framework. This report gives the theoretical and contextual background to the scales, and describes the steps in the drafting process.


Outstanding Educational Performance Awards: Highlighting High-Growth Arkansas Schools, 2017, Charlene A. Reid, Sarah C. Mckenzie Jun 2018

Outstanding Educational Performance Awards: Highlighting High-Growth Arkansas Schools, 2017, Charlene A. Reid, Sarah C. Mckenzie

Arkansas Education Reports

This section highlights high-growth schools across Arkansas based on the ACT Aspire examinations in Math and English Language Arts (ELA) for the 2016-2017 academic year. For these awards, we consider schools that serve free or reduced lunch to at least 66% of the student body. High-poverty schools are ranked by school level (Elementary, Middle, or High) based on Overall Growth (Math and ELA combined), as well as for growth in each content area independently. High-poverty schools are also ranked within each region of the state. Tables include the region in which the school is located, the number of test takers ...


Traversing Across Learning Environments And The Need For A Single Data Standard In Digital Learning Environments, Liam Mcnamara Jun 2018

Traversing Across Learning Environments And The Need For A Single Data Standard In Digital Learning Environments, Liam Mcnamara

Current Issues in Emerging eLearning

As Big Data becomes ever present in many industries, in education it presents a particularly interesting problem as many technologies begin to develop, data standards become variant. This raises the issue that ad-hoc data standards present discontinuity across platforms particularly in the analysis and interpretation of data collected in Personalised Learning Environments. This presents an ethical dilemma when this data becomes actionable and active in decision making regarding a learners’ progress and advancement. This article asserts that there exists a hypothetical dilemma in the predicament that ad-hoc data standards result in potentially misleading or erroneous interpretations that have longitudinal effects ...


Development Of Reporting Scales For Reading And Mathematics: A Report Describing The Process For Building The Uis Reporting Scales, Ross Turner, Ray Adams, Ursula Schwantner, Dan Cloney, Claire Scoular, Prue Anderson, Alexander Daraganov, Jen Jackson, Sandra Knowles, Gayl O'Connor, Pam Munro-Smith, Stavroula Zoumboulis, Pauline Rogers Jun 2018

Development Of Reporting Scales For Reading And Mathematics: A Report Describing The Process For Building The Uis Reporting Scales, Ross Turner, Ray Adams, Ursula Schwantner, Dan Cloney, Claire Scoular, Prue Anderson, Alexander Daraganov, Jen Jackson, Sandra Knowles, Gayl O'Connor, Pam Munro-Smith, Stavroula Zoumboulis, Pauline Rogers

Dr Ursula Schwantner

As a technical partner of the UNESCO Institute for Statistics, ACER-GEM has created reporting scales for reading and maths, with the intention of enabling countries to examine and report the outcomes of their assessment activities using a common framework. This report gives the theoretical and contextual background to the scales, and describes the steps in the drafting process.


Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie Jun 2018

Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Students are most likely to leave science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors during their first year of college. We developed an analytic approach using random forests to identify at-risk students. This method is deployable midway through the first semester and accounts for academic preparation, early engagement in university life, and performance on midterm exams. By accounting for cognitive and noncognitive factors, our method achieves stronger predictive performance than would be possible using cognitive or noncognitive factors alone. We show that it is more difficult to predict whether students will leave STEM than whether they will leave the institution. More ...


Covariates In Factor Mixture Modeling: Investigating Measurement Invariance Across Unobserved Groups, Yan Wang Jun 2018

Covariates In Factor Mixture Modeling: Investigating Measurement Invariance Across Unobserved Groups, Yan Wang

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Factor mixture modeling (FMM) has been increasingly used to investigate unobserved population heterogeneity. This Monte Carlo simulation study examined the issue of measurement invariance testing with FMM when there are covariate effects. Specifically, this study investigated the impact of excluding and misspecifying covariate effects on the class enumeration and measurement invariance testing with FMM. Data were generated based on three FMM models where the covariate had impact on the latent class membership only (population model 1), both the latent class membership and the factor (population model 2), and the latent class membership, the factor, and one item (population model 3 ...


A Simple Low-Cost Institutional Learning-Outcomes Assessment Process, Andrea A. Curcio Jun 2018

A Simple Low-Cost Institutional Learning-Outcomes Assessment Process, Andrea A. Curcio

Andrea A. Curcio

Law school institutional learning outcomes require measuring nuanced skills that develop over time. Rather than look at achievement just in our own courses, institutional outcome-measures assessment requires collective faculty engagement and critical thinking about our students’ overall acquisition of the skills, knowledge, and qualities that ensure they graduate with the competencies necessary to begin life as professionals. Even for those who believe outcomes assessment is a positive move in legal education, in an era of limited budgets and already over-burdened faculty, the new mandated outcomes assessment process raises cost and workload concerns. This essay addresses those concerns. It describes a ...


Designing Rubrics For Authentic Assessment, Kathryn Richardson, Anne-Marie Chase Jun 2018

Designing Rubrics For Authentic Assessment, Kathryn Richardson, Anne-Marie Chase

Teacher Education

This presentation looks at the steps in developing authentic rubrics, from determining the constructs that will be assessed; breaking down the constructs into a set of broad capabilities that need to be observed; transferring capabilities into indicative behaviours (indicators or criteria); and determining the different levels of proficiency.


Infographic: Indicators Of Student Engagement, Dominique Russell Jun 2018

Infographic: Indicators Of Student Engagement, Dominique Russell

Teacher infographics

The Western Australian Government recently surveyed 1812 students across Years 3 to 12 on student engagement. Here, we look at some of the results of this survey for students in Years 7 to 12.