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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

1991

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Articles 1 - 30 of 117

Full-Text Articles in Education

An Investigation Of The Stability Of A Literacy Variable Over Time: Implications For Standards Monitoring, Siek Khoo, Geoff Masters Aug 2012

An Investigation Of The Stability Of A Literacy Variable Over Time: Implications For Standards Monitoring, Siek Khoo, Geoff Masters

Prof Geoff Masters AO

No abstract provided.


Volume 05, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor Dec 1991

Volume 05, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 05, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


The Buck Stops Here: Outside Grants And The General Education Process, Sandra Kanter Dec 1991

The Buck Stops Here: Outside Grants And The General Education Process, Sandra Kanter

New England Resource Center for Higher Education Publications

The Buck Stops Here: Outside Grants and the General Education Curriculum Change Process describes the process of general education curriculum change in six New England institutions. All had received money from foundations or governmental agencies to assist them in reforming their general education curricula. The essay is an examination of the importance of outside funds in the process of designing and implementing major changes in the general education curriculum. It explores when outside funds are most helpful and how institutions and funding agencies can improve the change process.


Western Washington University Survey Of Former Students, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research Dec 1991

Western Washington University Survey Of Former Students, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research

Office of Survey Research

Questionnaire: 1991 survey of former students: reasons why students left Western; problems experienced while at Western; dissatisfaction; Changes students would make.


Readiness And Achievement Motivation: An Investigation Of The Validity Of The Readiness Scales In Hersey And Blanchard's Situational Leadership, Xiaoping Wang Dec 1991

Readiness And Achievement Motivation: An Investigation Of The Validity Of The Readiness Scales In Hersey And Blanchard's Situational Leadership, Xiaoping Wang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate the construct validity of the two instruments measuring readiness in Situational Leadership: the Readiness Scales--Manager Rating Form and Staff Member Rating Form--developed by Hambleton, Blanchard, and Hersey (1977). The study examined the relationships between readiness and achievement motivation, and between readiness and faculty education and work experience. The study also explored the concurrent validity of the two instruments measuring McClelland's (1961) achievement motivation: The Achievement Orientation Scale and The NachNaff Scale. The respondents were 66 department chairs and 156 faculty from 12 comprehensive institutions in the South. Data on faculty readiness ...


Frequency Of Job Skills Deemed Critical By Employers Appearing On The Individualized Education Plans (Ieps) Of Moderately Retarded Students, Linda Dagen Mccrea Dec 1991

Frequency Of Job Skills Deemed Critical By Employers Appearing On The Individualized Education Plans (Ieps) Of Moderately Retarded Students, Linda Dagen Mccrea

Dissertations

The successful employment of moderately retarded students is dependent upon an educational program which is focused upon employment as an expected outcome. The purpose of this study was to examine the relative frequency that work-related skills deemed critical by employers appear on the exiting Individualized Education Plans (lEPs) of moderately retarded students (i.e., those labeled trainable mentally impaired students [TMI] in the state of Michigan).

An extensive literature review was conducted and found 49 job skills and/or work behaviors that employers view as critical for job success. An expert group sorted these critical job skills into three work-related ...


The Influence Of Junior First Grade On Academic Ability And Self-Concept Of Academic Ability, Mary Ann Boettger Dec 1991

The Influence Of Junior First Grade On Academic Ability And Self-Concept Of Academic Ability, Mary Ann Boettger

Dissertations

The educational practice of retaining students in junior first grade for a year between kindergarten and first grade was the focus of this study.

Four groups of 1983-1984 students were compared in 1990-1991: (1) those recommended for first and placed in first grade (F-F), (2) those recommended for junior first and placed in junior first grade (JF-JF), (3) those recommended for junior first and placed in first grade (JF-F), and (4) those borderline between junior first and kindergarten, but placed in first grade (B-F).

The groups were compared on gender, birth month, retention, absences, and lunch status, as well as ...


Teacher Retention And Teacher Satisfaction In Lutheran Secondary Schools, Cary L. Stelmachowicz Dec 1991

Teacher Retention And Teacher Satisfaction In Lutheran Secondary Schools, Cary L. Stelmachowicz

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between teacher retention and the nine subscales of the National Association of Secondary School Principals (NASSP) Teacher Satisfaction Survey (Schmitt & Loher, 1986) for teachers in Lutheran secondary schools. Both former and current Lutheran secondary teachers (262) were surveyed to identify sources of satisfaction levels that may induce teachers to leave Lutheran secondary education.

The survey instrument used was the Teacher Satisfaction Survey developed by the NASSP. The survey includes nine subscales of satisfaction: administration, compensation, opportunities for advancement, student responsibility and discipline, curriculum and job tasks, coworkers, parents and community, building and maintenance, and communication. Former teachers were also asked to cite the main reasons they left Lutheran secondary teaching positions.

The data were analyzed for each of the following groups: (a) educational training of the respondent. called (synodically trained) or contracted (nonsynodically trained) teacher; (b) employment status, current or former teacher; (c) years of teaching experience, 0-5 years, 6-10 years, 11-15 years, 16-20 years, and over 20 years. The mean scores of the various groups were compared by use of t tests.

The findings indicated that former teachers perceive a significantly lesser degree of satisfaction than did current teachers, particularly in the areas of administration, compensation, and communication. Contracted teachers (nonsynodically trained) also perceived ...


The Relationship Between Dropout And Peer Mentoring In An Adult High School Completion Program, Jo Ann Pastor Dec 1991

The Relationship Between Dropout And Peer Mentoring In An Adult High School Completion Program, Jo Ann Pastor

Dissertations

Adult education encompasses a broad spectrum of institutions and activities which share a universal problem of retaining participants. Dropouts from adult high school completion programs are at a particular disadvantage economically. The literature is inconclusive on the causes of or remedies for program attrition. Although mentoring has been promoted and researched as a component of adult development, its use as a dropout prevention strategy for adult high school completion students is not reported in the literature.

An experimental study was conducted to test the relationship between peer mentoring and the dropout rate in an adult high school completion program. The ...


Strategic Planning In Michigan Community Colleges And Its Effect On Organizational Climate, Dennis Patrick Mccarthy Dec 1991

Strategic Planning In Michigan Community Colleges And Its Effect On Organizational Climate, Dennis Patrick Mccarthy

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of strategic planning in Michigan community colleges and to determine what effect the planning had on selected climate factors. The data on strategic planning were collected using a questionnaire developed by this investigator and validated by a panel of 15 national experts. The presidents and the next-in-charge when it came to strategic planning at all 29 Michigan community colleges formed the population for the strategic planning aspects of the study. Administrators from 6 of the 27 responding colleges formed the population for the climate investigation. The Work Environment Scale (WES ...


Competencies Needed For Effective Church Leadership From The Perspective Of Current Pastors, Cecile Elizabeth Fransman Hewitt Dec 1991

Competencies Needed For Effective Church Leadership From The Perspective Of Current Pastors, Cecile Elizabeth Fransman Hewitt

Dissertations

Contemporary needs of the African-American church are both deeply spiritual and agonizingly physical, and the resultant burden of the church has never been more challenging. Today's needs in the church call for diverse leadership.

This study generated and measured the perception of importance of 22 competencies for effective leadership as pastors of the African Methodist Episcopal Church. The study also sought to determine which of the competencies were performed, shared, delegated, or not performed at each responsive church. Finally, the study sought to determine the extent to which selected demographic factors were related to the perception of importance.

The ...


A Study Of The Effects On Second-Grade Students Of A Leadership Curriculum, Michael Frazee Dec 1991

A Study Of The Effects On Second-Grade Students Of A Leadership Curriculum, Michael Frazee

Dissertations

Investigators of leadership behavior have largely overlooked the period during early childhood when adjustment to the group is initially acquired and practiced. This study was designed to determine whether leadership skills could be taught to second-grade students. The purpose of the research was to determine the effectiveness of the Leadership Is Vital to Education (L.I.V.E.) (Lockett, 1982) leadership curriculum.

A major assumption in this study was that leadership development could be an appropriate outcome of the elementary school curriculum and could be facilitated by introducing a specific leadership-training component into the existing curriculum. The objective was to ...


Meeting The Challenges Of Short Response Items In The Queensland Core Skills Test: A Report On The 1991 Pilot Study, Gabrielle Matters Nov 1991

Meeting The Challenges Of Short Response Items In The Queensland Core Skills Test: A Report On The 1991 Pilot Study, Gabrielle Matters

Dr Gabrielle Matters

This report describes the experiences of the Board of Senior Secondary School Studies in implementing a subtest consisting of test items in short response mode in the Queensland Core Skills (QCS) Test. Following initial developmental stages, the Board conducted a pilot study of short response items (SRIs) in 1991. This report describes the processes by which SRIs were created and refined. It also discusses how the items to be included in the pilot test were selected, sequenced and presented in the final paper. Details are provided on the administration of the test on a trial population outside of Queensland, and ...


Counselor Impact On College Choice, Charles G. Eberly, Richard G. Johnson, Norman R. Stewart Nov 1991

Counselor Impact On College Choice, Charles G. Eberly, Richard G. Johnson, Norman R. Stewart

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

Determines the school counselors' impact on students' college choice. Design of questionnaire used in the survey; Distribution of time when students planned for college education; Mean ratings of college choice factors by sex and race.


Counselor Impact On College Choice, Charles G. Eberly, Richard G. Johnson, Norman R. Stewart Oct 1991

Counselor Impact On College Choice, Charles G. Eberly, Richard G. Johnson, Norman R. Stewart

Charles G. Eberly

Determines the school counselors' impact on students' college choice. Design of questionnaire used in the survey; Distribution of time when students planned for college education; Mean ratings of college choice factors by sex and race.


Fact Book 1991, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1991

Fact Book 1991, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Fact Book

This tenth edition of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Fact Book has been designed to present a variety of information and data, about the University, in a concise, easily used format. I hope this provides a profile of UNO that will expand your understanding of our institution.


Case Study #2 - Littleton State University, Sandra Kanter Oct 1991

Case Study #2 - Littleton State University, Sandra Kanter

New England Resource Center for Higher Education Publications

A small public liberal arts institution receives word that its accreditation is in jeopardy. Though Littleton State is proud of its strong academic and professional majors and its recent institutional efforts to attack a new market of students, it must now decide the best way to examine its general education requirements or risk losing its accreditation. The case study outlines the process which the college follows in its efforts to maintain accreditation while still preserving its traditions and commitment to academic excellence. The case exemplifies the importance of examining possible internal risks as an institution responds to external pressures to ...


Case Study #1 - Weservall University, Sandra Kanter Oct 1991

Case Study #1 - Weservall University, Sandra Kanter

New England Resource Center for Higher Education Publications

In the collegial environment of a mid-sized urban University, faculty and administrators struggle with devising appropriate strategies for developing a set of general education requirements that can meet the multiple needs of a campus with a history of decentralized decision making. While some colleges vie with each other for increased enrollments, other units see general education as an opportunity to reinforce discipline specific goals; in addition, the perception of professional schools influences the ways in which the discussions and decisionmaking process are shaped.


Case Study #3 - Mystic College, Sandra Kanter Oct 1991

Case Study #3 - Mystic College, Sandra Kanter

New England Resource Center for Higher Education Publications

In an effort to develop a more effective niche in a highly competitive higher education market, a tradition bound mid-sized private college known for its professional schools decides to overhaul its general education requirements. After formulating a bold curricular proposal, the institution is buffeted by the various demands and needs of campus politics and the inevitable challenges to tradition that such innovations bring. The proposal is subject to the contrary interpretations of policy and institutional history by board, faculty, and administration.


Analysis Of Student Essay Writing Skills In Entry-Level English Composition Courses At Western Washington University, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble Aug 1991

Analysis Of Student Essay Writing Skills In Entry-Level English Composition Courses At Western Washington University, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Survey Research

Executive Summary: During the Fall Quarter of 1990, all enrollees of English 101 and English 100 took ACT's Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) Writing Test (Essay); during the Winter and Spring Quarters all enrollees of English 101 took the CAAP test. Administration of the test was done by a joint effort of Western Washington University's Composition Program in the Department of English and the Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing. The CAAP test took two samples, both requiring students to respond in a persuasive or argumentative mode. This was considered appropriate for two reasons: 1) traditionally, freshmen ...


Analysis Of Student Essay Writing Skills In Entry-Level English Composition Courses At Western Washington University, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Aug 1991

Analysis Of Student Essay Writing Skills In Entry-Level English Composition Courses At Western Washington University, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Survey Research

In the fall quarter, 1990, all students in English 101 and English 100 courses took the Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) Writing Test. This reports presents the results.


Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis Aug 1991

Reinforcement Effects On The I.Q. Scores Of Institutionalized Children And Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Jody Robin Lewis

Master's Theses

Eighteen institutionalized school-age and adult subjects with severe/profound developmental disabilities were evaluated for the effects of self-selected reinforcement for correct responding on their I.Q. scores when tested with the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale (Terman & Merrill, 1960) or the Leiter International Performance Scale (Arthur, 1952). Subjects were tested under both standard and reinforcement conditions. The results indicated that overall, subjects when tested under reinforcement conditions showed a significant increase in mean I.Q. scores when compared with the same subjects tested one month previously under standard conditions. Several features of the data reveal intriguing results with regard to subjects and ...


Cocaine And Timing: Drug Effects Under A Mixed Fixed-Interval Extinction Schedule, Vincent O. Hodge Aug 1991

Cocaine And Timing: Drug Effects Under A Mixed Fixed-Interval Extinction Schedule, Vincent O. Hodge

Master's Theses

The effects of cocaine hydrochloride (3.2-56.2 mg/kg) were determined in rats performing under a mixed fixed-interval 60-seconds extinction 120-seconds schedule of food delivery. Responses were recorded in successive 5-second bins. With the exception of the highest dose (56.2 mg/kg), cocaine did not significantly affect rate of responding under the fixed-interval component or extinction component, or the time of peak responding under the extinction component. The highest dose significantly reduced response rates and shifted the time of peak responding leftward to quicker and earlier moments. Results are discussed in terms of possible rate- and time-dependent effects ...


1990-1991 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis. Jul 1991

1990-1991 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis.

Office of Institutional Research & Analysis Publication Archives

1990-1991 issue of Profile Magazine.


Gender, Race And Class Equity Issues In The University Curriculum., Sheldon Rothman, P Nightingale Jun 1991

Gender, Race And Class Equity Issues In The University Curriculum., Sheldon Rothman, P Nightingale

Dr Sheldon Rothman

This paper discusses the first stage of the Curriculum/Equity Project, via the University of New South Wales. The project is examining the university curriculum in commerce, mathematics, science and engineering to see if students are disadvantaged because of their gender, race or class, and to suggest appropriate curriculum revision to increase the success and improve the university's retention of women, Aborigines, and other students from traditionally underrepresented groups.


A Comparative Analysis Of The Academic Performance Of Native And Transfer Students, Tracy Thorndike-Christ, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble Jun 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of The Academic Performance Of Native And Transfer Students, Tracy Thorndike-Christ, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Survey Research

Executive Summary: This study utilized the records of two samples of wwu upperĀ¬ division students (those with 90 credits and above) to evaluate the relationships of academic performance to students' admission status (either native or transfer) and other selected student characteristics such as gender, ethnicity, and age. The first sample measured academic performance in terms of cumulative WWU GPA. The second sample looked at grades earned in 300 and 400 level courses only (upper-division GPA). This report was prepared as a follow-up to an earlier study that used a much more limited sample. Females were found to have consistently higher ...


An Addendum To The Math Placement Tests: Relationships To Mathematics Course Performance, Mathematics Course Selection, And Other Predictors Of Academic Achievement, Tracy Thorndike-Christ, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble Jun 1991

An Addendum To The Math Placement Tests: Relationships To Mathematics Course Performance, Mathematics Course Selection, And Other Predictors Of Academic Achievement, Tracy Thorndike-Christ, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Survey Research

Introduction The sample of students whose records were analyzed in the Math Placement Test study published by the Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing earlier this month contained very few students who had taken the Basic Algebra level of the placement test. Therefore, another sample of students was drawn to in order to investigate the relationship of Basic Algebra Test scores to final mathematics course grade and to predict the probability a student has of passing (receiving a grade of c- or better) Math 102 or Math 151 depending upon the score he or she earned on the Basic Algebra ...


A Comparative Analysis Of The Academic Performance Of Native And Transfer Students, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Tracy Thorndike-Christ Jun 1991

A Comparative Analysis Of The Academic Performance Of Native And Transfer Students, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Tracy Thorndike-Christ

Office of Survey Research

Results of a study comparing the academic performance of native and transfer students.


An Addendum To The Math Placement Tests: Relationships To Mathematics Course Performance, Mathematics Course Selection, And Other Predictors Of Academic Achievement, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Tracy Thorndike-Christ Jun 1991

An Addendum To The Math Placement Tests: Relationships To Mathematics Course Performance, Mathematics Course Selection, And Other Predictors Of Academic Achievement, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Tracy Thorndike-Christ

Office of Survey Research

The effectiveness of the Math Placement Test, Basic, is analyzed.


Spiritual Care Given By Nurses And Spiritual Well-Being Of Terminally Ill Cancer Patients, Patricia Sanders Broten Jun 1991

Spiritual Care Given By Nurses And Spiritual Well-Being Of Terminally Ill Cancer Patients, Patricia Sanders Broten

Dissertations

The purposes of this study were to explore: (1) cancer patients' perceptions of spiritual care given by nurses, (2) the documentation on records of the provision of care, and (3) the relationship of spiritual care provided to the spiritual well-being of patients.

Forty terminally ill cancer patients hospitalized on oncology units at three medical centers were surveyed about the nature and scope of spiritual care provided by nurses and others, and their perceptions of their spiritual well-being. Data were collected by trained registered nurses who administered two questionnaires to which patients responded orally.

The following is the list of spiritual ...