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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

1988

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Articles 1 - 30 of 72

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Education Reform Movement And The Realities Of Collective Bargaining, Robert E. Doherty, David B. Lipsky Dec 1988

The Education Reform Movement And The Realities Of Collective Bargaining, Robert E. Doherty, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The response to what many believe to be a serious decline in educational achievement and standards has been, so far, a spate of studies, commissions, and reports, all aiming toward reform of the education system. Most of the recommendations that have been implemented to date have come about through state-level legislation and mandates (Darling-Hammond and Berry, 1988). Education reformers disagree on the role of teacher bargaining in achieving their objectives. One wing of the reform movement believes collective bargaining is an obstacle to change and maintains collective bargaining is one reason the schools are in bad shape. But another ...


Effectiveness Of Employee Participation Groups In A Manufacturing Company, John F. Blamy Dec 1988

Effectiveness Of Employee Participation Groups In A Manufacturing Company, John F. Blamy

Dissertations

This case study investigated the short term effectiveness of Quality of Work Life participation groups in a Midwest manufacturing division of a major worldwide automotive corporation. Six traditional procedural measures were used to evaluate performance. These measures of performance were: employee attendance, written grievances, scrap produced, quality audits, customer complaints, and productivity.

Six hypotheses were formulated for this study: (1) Employees in departments with employee participation groups will improve their attendance more than employees in departments that do not have employee participation groups. (2) Employees in departments with employee participation groups will decrease the number of formal grievances more than ...


Determinants Of Student-Faculty Informal Contact, Alan W. Barr Dec 1988

Determinants Of Student-Faculty Informal Contact, Alan W. Barr

Dissertations

There was an examination in this study of the relationship of classroom experiences (cues) and professorial initiative to the frequency of informal student-faculty interaction in the freshman year. The research was conducted at an independent, four-year urban college in the state of Michigan with a predominantly commuter population. A survey instrument was administered to the entire freshman class in the Spring semester of 1988. Information was derived from the survey on the nature and frequency of informal faculty-student contact.

Out of the 137 freshman receiving surveys, 101 returned them. The response rate was 74%. Data from one survey returned were ...


Applied Thermoplastic Screw Plastication Theory: Industry Acceptance And Implications For Plastics Processing Education, Paul V. Engelmann Dec 1988

Applied Thermoplastic Screw Plastication Theory: Industry Acceptance And Implications For Plastics Processing Education, Paul V. Engelmann

Dissertations

Rapid expansion of the thermoplastics processing industry has increased the need for plastics education and training. Screw plastication is the major method of melting plastics in order to mold or extrude them into useful products. Thus, information about the role of plastication is needed to provide guidance for plastics education and training.

This study sought confirmation of suspected differences existing in the amount of knowledge personnel have about thermoplastic screw plastication, dependent upon: (a) the type of plastics process used, and (b) their job classifications. Furthermore, the study collected data in three additional areas: (1) the extent to which persons ...


An Assessment Of The Relationship Between Decision-Makers' Opinions About Comprehensive Sex Education And Factors That Influence Those Opinions, M. Terri Voit-Devine Dec 1988

An Assessment Of The Relationship Between Decision-Makers' Opinions About Comprehensive Sex Education And Factors That Influence Those Opinions, M. Terri Voit-Devine

Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to investigate decision-makers' opinions about what was to be contained in comprehensive sex education programs, the degree to which decision makers believed course information was likely to be part of their own curriculum, and how much support they believed the community would give to various parts of the curriculum.

The instrument used in the study was created by combining parts of surveys by Wayne (1981) and Marini and Jones (1983). The study compared the opinions of decision makers about guidelines to be used when implementing sex education, reasons for offering sex education, reasons for ...


Intuition In Decision Making By Human Service Administrators, Judith Huber Halseth Dec 1988

Intuition In Decision Making By Human Service Administrators, Judith Huber Halseth

Dissertations

The phenomenon of intuition includes insights and hunches, as well as the ability to pick up clues and to see patterns. The role of intuition in interpersonal relationships, in problem solving and decision making, and in creativity makes it an important cognitive faculty. As a complement to more systematic and deductive decision making, intuition provides creative insights, especially when people consciously acknowledge intuition.

This study focused on the experience of intuition as reported by 25 administrators in human service organizations. In face-to-face interviews, the 10 women and 15 men who were known to use intuition were asked open-ended questions about ...


Parental Perceptions Of School: An Analysis Of Contacts & Non-Contacts With Parents Of Sixth Graders At L.C. Curry Elementary School, Johnny Douglas Dec 1988

Parental Perceptions Of School: An Analysis Of Contacts & Non-Contacts With Parents Of Sixth Graders At L.C. Curry Elementary School, Johnny Douglas

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Experimental and control groups were randomly selected in Johnny Douglas' sixth grade homeroom class to determine if contacts made to an experimental group of parents produced different perceptions of school as opposed to a control group of parents who received little or no contacts from the school. The experimental group of students' parents received a minimum of seven contacts from the school during the twenty day period of the study, while the control group received a minimum of three contacts in the same period.

A questionnaire sent to the parents at the conclusion of the experiment yielded three statements of ...


Measuring Interest In Mathematics, P Gardner, Siek Toon Khoo Nov 1988

Measuring Interest In Mathematics, P Gardner, Siek Toon Khoo

Dr Siek Toon Khoo

This paper reports on the development of instruments for measuring secondary school student interests in mathematics. Interest in mathematics is regarded as having three components (topics, activities and motives), each with several dimensions. Nearly all instruments employed summated ratings (Likert) procedures, but one adopted an unusual procedure, based on Zuckerman's (1960) Affect Adjective Checklist. Six instruments were developed altogether: IMT (interest in various mathematical topics), ILA (interest in learning activities), MCI (mathematics related career inventory), NMI (nature of motives inventory), GIM (general interest in mathematics) and AAC (affect adjective checklist). The IMT instrument, containing seven scales, was developed to ...


Secondary School Size, Operating Costs And Curriculum Structure, Phil Mckenzie Nov 1988

Secondary School Size, Operating Costs And Curriculum Structure, Phil Mckenzie

Dr Phillip McKenzie

Proponents of increases in average school size commonly employ two main arguments: bigger schools are less expensive to operate than small schools, and they are better able to meet students' educational needs through the provision of more extensive curricula. This paper examines these arguments in the case of Victorian government secondary schools, using data relating to the 1984 school year. It presents results which suggest that while size brings considerable advantages, plateau effects begin to appear at relatively low enrolment levels. The paper comprises five main sections: an outline of the conceptual background to the study; a description of the ...


The Politics Of The Education Reform Movement: Some Implications For The Future Of Teacher Bargaining, David B. Lipsky Nov 1988

The Politics Of The Education Reform Movement: Some Implications For The Future Of Teacher Bargaining, David B. Lipsky

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In summary, the ongoing battle over education reform and emerging demographic trends do not bode well for the success of reform efforts in this country and probably mean tougher, if nonetheless more interesting, days at the bargaining table.

In recent years taxpayers have been willing to support increased expenditures for public education. But sooner or later taxpayers will want to see results. Both liberal and conservative politicians have been staunch supporters of the school reform movement, but politicians are a notoriously fickle group.

To improve the quality of education, we need a sustained effort over an indefinite period of ...


Fact Book 1988, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1988

Fact Book 1988, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Fact Book

This seventh edition of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Fact Book has been designed to present a variety of information and data, about the University, in a concise, easily used format. I hope this provides a profile of UNO that will expand your understanding of our institution.


Volume 02, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor Oct 1988

Volume 02, Number 01, Don Forrester Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 02, Number 01 of Reaching Through Teaching.


Competências Básicas No Estudo Da Pesquisa Educacional [Minimum Competencies In A Course On Research In Education], Karl M. Lorenz Oct 1988

Competências Básicas No Estudo Da Pesquisa Educacional [Minimum Competencies In A Course On Research In Education], Karl M. Lorenz

Education Faculty Publications

O trabalho apresenta uma lista de 158 competências básicas, divididas em quinze seções, no estudo dos conteúdos teóricos de um curso introdutório sobre a metodologia da pesquisa educacional.

The paper presents a list of 158 basic competencies, divided into fifteen sections, related to the theoretical content of an introductory course on research methodology in education.


A Survey Of Factors Affecting Enrollment In Mathematics Teacher Education Programs, Rebecca Miller Oct 1988

A Survey Of Factors Affecting Enrollment In Mathematics Teacher Education Programs, Rebecca Miller

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Concern for an adequate supply of competent mathematics teachers prompted this research. The study was implemented to identify the factors believed to be of importance in a student's decision concerning whether or not to become a public school teacher.

A comparison was made between two groups of mathematics students at Western Kentucky University. Mathematics students were separated according to whether or not they were pursuing teacher certification.

A two-part questionnaire was administered. The first part asked students to rate the importance of 10 selected career factors in their career decision. The second part asked students to rate these same ...


Competências Básicas No Estudo Da Pesquisa Educacional [Minimum Competencies In A Course On Research In Education], Karl M. Lorenz Sep 1988

Competências Básicas No Estudo Da Pesquisa Educacional [Minimum Competencies In A Course On Research In Education], Karl M. Lorenz

Karl M. Lorenz

O trabalho apresenta uma lista de 158 competências básicas, divididas em quinze seções, no estudo dos conteúdos teóricos de um curso introdutório sobre a metodologia da pesquisa educacional.

The paper presents a list of 158 basic competencies, divided into fifteen sections, related to the theoretical content of an introductory course on research methodology in education.


Occupational Training In High School: When Does It Pay Off?, John H. Bishop Aug 1988

Occupational Training In High School: When Does It Pay Off?, John H. Bishop

CAHRS Working Paper Series

[Excerpt] About half of all youth either do not complete high school or end their formal education with the high school diploma. Even higher proportions of minority, disadvantaged and handicapped youth do not enter postsecondary education. Should public schools offer these youth occupationally specific education and training? If so, what form should this education take? Should the goal of the occupational component of high school vocational education be occupationally specific skills, career awareness, basic skills or something else? What should be the relationship between programs providing occupationally specific training and the employers who hire their graduates?


The Effects Of Using Print Media In Teaching Critical Thinking Skills To Adult Students, Gloria Jean Mccormick Aug 1988

The Effects Of Using Print Media In Teaching Critical Thinking Skills To Adult Students, Gloria Jean Mccormick

Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of an educational program in which print media were employed to teach critical thinking skills to adult education students. The major problem of this research was whether or not adult students, who lack a high school diploma, show greater improvement in critical thinking if they participate in a critical thinking skills program using print media, than if they do not. Adult education students in three suburban school districts of Macomb County, Michigan were the subjects of this study.

The methodology used in this study was a non-randomized control group, prettest-posttest ...


Administrator And Consultant Perceptions Of Consultant Services In Michigan Schools, Julia A. Berg Jun 1988

Administrator And Consultant Perceptions Of Consultant Services In Michigan Schools, Julia A. Berg

Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine administrator and consultant perceptions regarding consultant services in Michigan schools as related to: (a) services provided, (b) roles, (c) sources of funding, (d) sources for identifying services, (e) characteristics and components that may influence selection, and (f) methods used for evaluation. A review of literature was conducted related to the six survey questions of the study.

Responses to surveys were analyzed from 116 (85% response rate) randomly selected Michigan school superintendents and other administrators and 58 (58% response rate) consultants identified as providing service in Michigan school districts during the 1986-87 school ...


The Effects Of Caretaking Settings On School Readiness Of 4-Year-Olds, Joan C. Sergent Jun 1988

The Effects Of Caretaking Settings On School Readiness Of 4-Year-Olds, Joan C. Sergent

Dissertations

The effects of daytime caretaking settings and the nature and number of activities in those settings on school readiness and receptive language levels of 4-year-old children were investigated. Daytime caretaking settings, defined as the setting experienced by the 4-year-old the year prior to entering kindergarten, were determined through interviews administered to the parent/guardian of each of the 185 4-year-old participants. School readiness and receptive language levels of the 4-year-old participants were determined by individual administration of the Gesell School Readiness Screening Test (GSRST) and Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R) respectively. The settings were categorized as group educational, such as ...


Volume 01, Number 03, Janis C. Epps Editor May 1988

Volume 01, Number 03, Janis C. Epps Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 01, Number 03 of Reaching Through Teaching.


The Western Washington University Student Survey Series (Volume One: Western Washington University Students), Carl Simpson May 1988

The Western Washington University Student Survey Series (Volume One: Western Washington University Students), Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

Results from three early assessment surveys are combined into a 3-volume series. Volume one has information on students' backgrounds, reasons for choosing majors, and educational careers.


The Western Washington University Student Survey Series (Volume Three: Western Washington University Students Five Years Later), Carl Simpson May 1988

The Western Washington University Student Survey Series (Volume Three: Western Washington University Students Five Years Later), Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

Results from an early assessment study combining three surveys. Volume three looks as alumni and students who left before graduating. Issues include satisfaction with WWU, employment and job quality.


The Western Washington University Student Survey Series (Volume Two: Student Experiences And Perceptions), Kelly Buck, Carl Simpson May 1988

The Western Washington University Student Survey Series (Volume Two: Student Experiences And Perceptions), Kelly Buck, Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

Results from an early assessment report combining three surveys. Volume 2 looks at some non-academic issues such as income, plus students' perception of advising and their majors.


The Western Washington University Student Survey Series: Western Washington University Students Five Years Later, Volume 3, Carl Simpson May 1988

The Western Washington University Student Survey Series: Western Washington University Students Five Years Later, Volume 3, Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

Preface to the WWU Student Survey Reports, Volumes One to Five The Surveys: During Summer, 1986, Western's Vice President for Academic Affairs requested that the Office of Survey Research, located in the Sociology Department, conduct three inter-related surveys: A five year follow-up of 632 1982 Western graduates. A five year follow-up of 364 Individuals who attended Western but left In 1982 without graduating and remained out of Western for at least one year. A survey of 1280 seniors enrolled during Spring, 1987, who had completed at least 155 credits. A discussion of samples and research methods is included in ...


Western Washington University Student Survey Series: Western Washington University Students Volume One, Carl Simpson May 1988

Western Washington University Student Survey Series: Western Washington University Students Volume One, Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

Preface to the WWU Student Survey Reports, Volumes One to Five The Surveys During Summer, 1986, Western's Vice President for Academic Affairs requested that the Office of Survey Research, located in the Sociology Department conduct three inter-related surveys: A five year follow-up of 632 1982 Western graduates. A five year follow-up of 364 Individuals who attended Western but left In 1982 without graduating and remained out of Western for at least one year. A survey of 1280 seniors enrolled during Spring, 1987, who had completed at least 155 credits. A discussion of samples and research methods is included in ...


The Western Washington University Student Survey Series: Student Experiences And Perceptions, Carl Simpson, Kelly Buck May 1988

The Western Washington University Student Survey Series: Student Experiences And Perceptions, Carl Simpson, Kelly Buck

Office of Survey Research

Preface to the WWU Student Survey Reports, Volumes One to Five The Surveys During Summer, 1986, Western's Vice President for Academic Affairs requested that the Office of Survey Research, located in the Sociology Department conduct three inter-related surveys: A five year follow-up of 632 1982 Western graduates. A five year follow-up of 364 Individuals who attended Western but left In 1982 without graduating and remained out of Western for at least one year. A survey of 1280 seniors enrolled during Spring, 1987, who had completed at least 155 credits. A discussion of samples and research methods is included in ...


An Investigation Of The Traditional And Non-Traditional College Students' Perceived Benefits Regarding Participation In The Cooperative Education Program, Beatrice C. Ullrich May 1988

An Investigation Of The Traditional And Non-Traditional College Students' Perceived Benefits Regarding Participation In The Cooperative Education Program, Beatrice C. Ullrich

Dissertations

Cooperative education has become an important component of education. The basis for cooperative education is that learning occurs outside the classroom as well as in the classroom. The shift in employment patterns from an industrial society to a knowledge and information based society means that many of the existing types of jobs will disappear. The value of cooperative education exists in its ability to provide a transition from school to work and its flexibility to respond to industries' needs and individuals' training needs.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences of the traditional cooperative education student and ...


Priorities At Msu, Bruce A. Mattingly May 1988

Priorities At Msu, Bruce A. Mattingly

Faculty Research at Morehead State University

A address given by Bruce A. Mattingly at the Morehead State University Distinguished Research luncheon in May of 1988.


Training-Program Evaluation: An Investigation Of Perceptions And Practices In Nonmanufacturing Business Organizations, Sarah P. Gutek Apr 1988

Training-Program Evaluation: An Investigation Of Perceptions And Practices In Nonmanufacturing Business Organizations, Sarah P. Gutek

Dissertations

Despite the proliferation of evaluation literature and business and industry's growing investment in training activities, the evaluation component of training programs remains underdeveloped. Without evaluating the merit and worth of training, there is little evidence that organizations are getting a return on investment from training programs they sponsor.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the discrepancy between the emphasis on training-program evaluation in professional literature and actual practice in the field. The writer examined the perceptions of two stakeholders in the training process: upper-level managers and training directors.

Three hypotheses concerned the relationship between the frequency with ...


A Survey Of Oral Communication Instructional Practices In The Elementary Public Schools Of Michigan, James N. Walker Apr 1988

A Survey Of Oral Communication Instructional Practices In The Elementary Public Schools Of Michigan, James N. Walker

Dissertations

Instruction in oral communication is critical to education. Oral communication skills are needed in the development of skills in written language, math, problem solving, and reading. Oral communication skills are important in achieving academic, vocational, and personal success. On November 1, 1978, speech education was recognized as a basic skill by United States law.

The purpose of this study was to determine the oral communication instructional practices in Michigan public elementary schools grades K-5. Eight research questions were identified:

(1) Is instruction provided? (2) What is the "basis" for instruction? (3) What materials are used? (4) What is the method ...