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Full-Text Articles in Education

Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov Jan 2008

Context Visuals In L2 Listening Tests: The Effectiveness Of Photographs And Video Vs. Audio-Only Format, Ruslan S. Suvorov

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Although visual support in the form of pictures and video has been widely used in language teaching, there appears to be a dearth of research on the role of visual aids in L2 listening tests (Buck, 2000; Ockey, 2007) and the absence of sound theoretical perspectives on this issue (Ginther, 2001; Gruba, 1999). The existing studies of the role of visual support in L2 listening tests yielded inconclusive results. While some studies showed that visuals can improve test-takers' performance on L2 listening tests (e.g., Ginther, 2002), others revealed no facilitative effect of visuals on listening comprehension of test-takers (e ...


Schools Left Behind: Statistical Issues With Nclb (No Child Left Behind), Ellis Michael Ott Jan 2007

Schools Left Behind: Statistical Issues With Nclb (No Child Left Behind), Ellis Michael Ott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

According to the legislation, the No Child Left Behind Act's purpose is:;"To ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach, at a minimum, proficiency on challenging state academic achievement standards and state academic assessments." (20 USC s.6301, 2001);Thus, a central component of NCLB is the process of determining proficiency of students through achievement testing, and subsequently, the ability of schools to better serve their students such that all students achieve proficiency by 2013-2014.;This research study began by proposing an approach to improve the accuracy of ...


Measurement Of The Quality Of Content Preparation Of Post-Secondary Elementary-Level Teacher Candidates Participating In Student Teaching Experiences During The Fall Of 2005 And Spring Of 2006: A Pilot Of The Iowa Department Of Education Student Teacher Evaluation (Ideste) , Jeffrey George Berger Jan 2006

Measurement Of The Quality Of Content Preparation Of Post-Secondary Elementary-Level Teacher Candidates Participating In Student Teaching Experiences During The Fall Of 2005 And Spring Of 2006: A Pilot Of The Iowa Department Of Education Student Teacher Evaluation (Ideste) , Jeffrey George Berger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation research investigated the validity and reliability of the Iowa Department of Education Student Teacher Evaluation (IDESTE) instrument and has provided initial comparisons of the IDESTE to other measures in the system. A team of experts, including staff members from the Department of Education, the K-12 system, and teacher preparation programs, developed the IDESTE. The initial form of the IDESTE was administered to every student teacher in the state in 2005-06 and results were aggregated by the Department of Education. A subsample of this overall sample was identified, and additional data were collected on this subsample to compare with ...


School Size And Educational Performance: An Analysis Of Itbs Scores Across Iowa School Districts, Ryan Sullivan Jan 2005

School Size And Educational Performance: An Analysis Of Itbs Scores Across Iowa School Districts, Ryan Sullivan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were two main goals this paper set out to accomplish. The first was to set up an econometric model that analyzed and predicted average ITBS test scores for school districts across Iowa. The ITBS test is a test which is mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act. It is used to judge how well schools are performing. The econometric model designed in this study predicted student achievement as a function of daily attendance rates, per pupil expenditures, dropout rates, student-to-teacher ratios, number of pupils per computer, average number of years experience for full-time teachers, average salary for full-time ...


School-Wide Behavior Screening For Instructional Decisionmaking , Christopher Charles Pierson Jan 2005

School-Wide Behavior Screening For Instructional Decisionmaking , Christopher Charles Pierson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since No Child Left Behind has become law, there has been increased use of data to drive instructional decisionmaking for academics. However, the focus placed on improving behavior and using data to drive decisions for school-wide behavior improvement has not occurred with the same fervor. Behavior needs often are identified too late in a student's school career, which limits intervention efficacy and increases cost. This study tests the reliability and validity of the School-wide Efficient Behavior Screening (SWEBS); (Pierson, 2003) and discusses how educators used the SWEBS to make instructional decisions to sort students into three levels of differentiated ...


The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam: Quality Control Assessment Using Item Response Theory And Classical Test Theory Methodologies , Douglas Lyle Mccue Jan 2003

The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam: Quality Control Assessment Using Item Response Theory And Classical Test Theory Methodologies , Douglas Lyle Mccue

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the quality of the National Association of Industrial Technology (NAIT) certification examination quality control section, which contains forty items, using the methodologies of classical test theory (CTT) and item response theory (IRT). The ultimate goal of this research project is to evaluate the quality control portion of the NAIT certification exam by looking at the questions or items for errors. The project goal through this analysis was to identify the item problems and make recommendations to correct them.;The following conclusions were made based on a moderate sample of 996 examinees: (1 ...


Stakeholders' Perceptions Of Local School Enabling Learning Environment And Policy: A Pilot Survey , Robin Leigh Maas-Galloway Jan 2003

Stakeholders' Perceptions Of Local School Enabling Learning Environment And Policy: A Pilot Survey , Robin Leigh Maas-Galloway

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation research investigated stakeholders' perceptions of the alignment, and the importance of the alignment, of policies with elements of education policy that are consistent with an enabling learning environment that supports student achievement. A self-report questionnaire was constructed and piloted to measure local school district stakeholders' (administrators', teachers', school board members', parents', and community members') perceptions and to collect preliminary data describing these perceptions using a statewide purposive sample of stakeholders. A subsequent survey using the self-report questionnaire, if demonstrated to be reliable and valid, to be conducted with a larger, statewide representative sample of stakeholders, is intended to ...


Relationships Between Accreditation Affiliation, Definitions, And Tools Used To Assess Critical Thinking As A Learning Outcome In Schools Of Nursing , Joan Mccleish Jan 2002

Relationships Between Accreditation Affiliation, Definitions, And Tools Used To Assess Critical Thinking As A Learning Outcome In Schools Of Nursing , Joan Mccleish

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Critical thinking is an expected learning outcome for baccalaureate nursing students. Previous studies regarding critical thinking have shown mixed results related to growth over time in critical thinking abilities, and a lack of consensus among nurse educators regarding the definition of critical thinking. Also, in the past, NLNAC has been the sole accreditor of baccalaureate nursing programs; therefore, no previous studies have related aspects of critical thinking to accreditation affiliation.;The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship of definitions of critical thinking and the use of critical thinking measurement tools with accreditation affiliation in baccalaureate nursing programs ...


College Student Perceptions Of Leadership: Empowering And Constraining Beliefs, Johnathan Ernest Shertzer Jan 2001

College Student Perceptions Of Leadership: Empowering And Constraining Beliefs, Johnathan Ernest Shertzer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis report presents results of a qualitative study conducted at Iowa State University. The purposes of the study were to investigate college student perceptions of leadership, and to identify beliefs that empower some students to be involved in leadership opportunities as well as beliefs that constrain some students from being engaged in leadership. A review of the literature was conducted concerning paradigms of leadership, how students perceive leadership, and what attempts are made to develop leadership. Twenty-four student leaders (students holding leadership positions in student organizations) were interviewed through focus groups, and five disengaged students (students who did not ...


The Use Of Merit-Index Measures To Predict Between-Year Retention Of Undergraduate College Students , Robert Dean Reason Jan 2001

The Use Of Merit-Index Measures To Predict Between-Year Retention Of Undergraduate College Students , Robert Dean Reason

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The study examined the efficacy of three independent variables (ACT, ACT-index, and SAT-index) in predicting the first-to-second-year retention of undergraduate college students. The data were gathered by, and obtained from, ACT, Inc. and represented all students who sat for the ACT Assessment during the 1999 test administration period and whose higher education institution participated in a retention study conducted by ACT, Inc. A large sample size (n = 39,216), composed of approximately equal representation of retained and not retained students, was selected from an original database of 87,915 cases.;The primary purpose of this inquiry was to determine if ...


Development Of A Test Blueprint For The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam , Sheila Elaine Rowe Jan 2001

Development Of A Test Blueprint For The National Association Of Industrial Technology Certification Exam , Sheila Elaine Rowe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to develop a test blueprint that would serve to identify core content, subject areas, and competencies needed to update the NAIT Certification Exam. The original certification program was established by the National Association of Industrial Technology (NAIT) in 1991, and eight areas were identified: (1) Quality Control; (2) Production Planning and Control; (3) Industrial Supervision; (4) Industrial Finance and Accounting; (5) Industrial Safety; (6) Plant Layout and Material Handling; (7) Time And Motion Study; and (8) Industrial Communications. A prototype testing was conducted in an attempt to improve the reliability of the test ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Missing Data Technique Selection On Student Performance Results , David James Putz Jan 2000

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Missing Data Technique Selection On Student Performance Results , David James Putz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem for this study was to investigate whether the selection of a missing data technique impacted indicators of student achievement. The first part of the study consisted of applying five different missing data techniques (MDTs) to the same set of criterion-referenced student performance data and comparing the results. The missing data techniques studied were listwise deletion, pairwise deletion, grand-mean substitution, cell-mean substitution, and simple regression;Differences were found in some results, for both student posttest and gain scores. The decrease in data accompanying the use of listwise deletion was tied to the inability to detect statistically significant differences found ...


The Development And Implementation Of 360 Degree Feedback® For Administrators Of A K-12 Public School District, Linda Gray Smith Jan 2000

The Development And Implementation Of 360 Degree Feedback® For Administrators Of A K-12 Public School District, Linda Gray Smith

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A procedure was developed, implemented, and tested to utilize 3600 Feedback[Superscript registered trademark symbol] collected from various job titles for central office and building administrators in public K-12 school district. Surveys were developed and used to reflect critical criteria for successful job performance. Data were aggregated and shared in feedback conferences with the administrators who were evaluated. Self-improvement plans were developed. Training materials were developed to allow the process to be used by other districts. Administrators who had used the 3600 Feedback compared the information gained from the multi-source feedback to the traditional supervisor-only feedback. Specific findings include: 1 ...


The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong Jan 1999

The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on the generation and evaluation of web-based versions of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test. Memory and spatial visualization theory were explored in relation to the addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component;Analysis of the data determined that there was a significant difference between scores on the MRT Computer and MRT Memory test. The addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component did significantly affect results at the .05 alpha level. Reliability and discrimination estimates were higher on the MRT Memory version. The computerization of the paper and pencil version on the MRT did not significantly effect scores ...


A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer Jan 1998

A Comparison Of Research Findings Obtained Through Focus Group Sessions With Those Acquired Through Surveys , Paul Thomas Hillyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to answer the questions: (1) Are there significant differences in the answers gained through focus group sessions and answers gained from surveying the larger population from which the focus group participants were taken? (2) Can focus group findings be generalized to the larger population?;To answer these questions focus group sessions were conducted which asked participants to give their opinions on a teacher evaluation plan that was being piloted in the Mesa, Arizona, public schools. Each of four groups was asked ten questions related to various components of the proposed evaluation model. After each focus group session ...


Barriers To Change Encountered By Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers In A Curriculum Reform Effort, Susan Mutio Odhiambo Jan 1997

Barriers To Change Encountered By Family And Consumer Sciences Teachers In A Curriculum Reform Effort, Susan Mutio Odhiambo

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The successful implementation of a curriculum reform effort is not without considerable barriers. To be effective, change efforts need more than the development of materials and procedures. They require attention to and involvement of the people who administer these changes. Knowledge of the barriers they may face in their efforts to implement change facilitates the adoption of those changes. The research question guiding this study was: What are the perceived barriers to change encountered by family and consumer sciences teachers involved in a curriculum reform effort? In order to obtain in-depth personal accounts of change experiences and barriers encountered, fifty-three ...


The Association Of Performance Ratings Of Teachers And Achievement Of Students In The Classroom , David James Wilkerson Jan 1997

The Association Of Performance Ratings Of Teachers And Achievement Of Students In The Classroom , David James Wilkerson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purposes of this study were to examine the performance of K-12 students on criterion-referenced reading, language arts, and mathematics tests, and the relationship of those measures of student achievement to teacher performance measures by principals, students, and self-ratings by the teachers, with the intent of improving student performance through improved teaching. The relationships between gender, socioeconomic status, and absences of students to student performance on the criterion-referenced tests were also analyzed. A total of 988 students, 35 teachers, and four principals participated;The teacher performance questionnaires were pre-existing instruments that had been used in previous studies and had ...


Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter Jan 1997

Investigating Antecedents To The Development Of Competence And Fulfillment Among Intellectually Gifted Adolescents: The Validity Of Conjointly Applying Above-Level Ability And Preference Assessment For Early Educational And Career Planning , John Andrew Achter

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Recent efforts examining the educational and vocational development needs of intellectually gifted students have focused on the possibility of early intervention. There is considerable anecdotal evidence that the gifted begin to think earlier about careers than their peers and that their general vocational preferences may crystallize at an earlier age. Empirical research has produced some support for these assertions, as well as the notion that tests and questionnaires devised for use with older students might be applied in early adolescence with intellectually gifted individuals. Instruments measuring abilities and preferences, factors critical to the development of educational and vocational choice, competence ...


Self-Perceived Youth Leadership Life Skills Development Among Iowa 4-H Members , John Charles Morris Jan 1996

Self-Perceived Youth Leadership Life Skills Development Among Iowa 4-H Members , John Charles Morris

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate useful relationships that exist between youth leadership life skills development and 4-H activity participation, among 1993-1994 senior Iowa 4-H members. The dependent variable in this study was 4-H leadership life skills development. The independent variables were participation and involvement in Iowa 4-H leadership activities, achievement expectancy, academic achievement, years in 4-H, age, gender, place of residence, and selected organizational and family variables;This study utilized descriptive survey methodology and a correlational design. A simple random sample of 400 Iowa senior 4-H club members, ages 14 through 18, was drawn from a population ...


Is Iowa State University's Office Of International Students And Scholar's Foreign Scholar Orientation Program Satisfying The Needs Of Their Foreign Scholars?, Nancy Louise Walker Jan 1996

Is Iowa State University's Office Of International Students And Scholar's Foreign Scholar Orientation Program Satisfying The Needs Of Their Foreign Scholars?, Nancy Louise Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Survey Of Elementary Teachers' Knowledge Of Manufacturing, Stephen Joe Sarver Jan 1996

A Survey Of Elementary Teachers' Knowledge Of Manufacturing, Stephen Joe Sarver

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Development Of A Longitudinal Data Base For Tracking And Analysis Of Attrition Data , Cheryl Lynn Moller-Wong Jan 1995

Development Of A Longitudinal Data Base For Tracking And Analysis Of Attrition Data , Cheryl Lynn Moller-Wong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors related to student persistence in college, with particular attention to engineering students. All direct from high school and transfer students who entered a large midwestern university in the engineering college were tracked through fourteen semesters and summer sessions between fall 1990 and spring 1995. The study was conducted for the following goals and purposes: (1) To assemble and design a data base that would allow for the characterization and tracking of all undergraduate engineering students. (2) To examine the relationships between significant variables in a model that could identify students potentially at risk of attrition. (3 ...


A Comparison Of Structured And Non-Structured Methods For The Evaluation Of Graphic Design Projects , Jen Yen Jan 1995

A Comparison Of Structured And Non-Structured Methods For The Evaluation Of Graphic Design Projects , Jen Yen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Evaluation is a vital part of any educational activity. A valid evaluation method can reflect the truly important outcomes of educational instruction. In visual arts and communication, the roles and function of evaluation are unclear. There is a lack of sufficient consideration concerning the appropriate method to evaluate student work. The purpose of this study was to compare the judgments of student and professional evaluators when evaluating graphic design projects by using structured and non-structured evaluation methods. A comparison was also made between the judgments of student and professional evaluators employing the same method;Two instruments were developed and validated ...


A Comparison Of The Traditional, Standardized Assessment Model With The Transdisciplinary, Arena Assessment Model In Early Childhood Special Education , Carl L. Myers Jan 1995

A Comparison Of The Traditional, Standardized Assessment Model With The Transdisciplinary, Arena Assessment Model In Early Childhood Special Education , Carl L. Myers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Early childhood special education services have typically adopted traditional assessment methods, namely, multidisciplinary or interdisciplinary teams using standardized tests. Numerous disadvantages of the traditional assessment approach for infants and toddlers are cited in the literature. In recent years, the transdisciplinary, arena assessment model has started to gain popularity in this country. Unfortunately, empirical evidence to support the use of the alternative assessment method is sparse. This study randomly assigned children under the age of three years to one of two assessment models: a traditional, standardized assessment model or a transdisciplinary, arena assessment model. Parents' and professional staff members' perceptions were ...


The Relationship Between Learning Styles And Selected Characteristics Of Malaysian Students At Iowa State University, Hashim Bin Muslim Jan 1995

The Relationship Between Learning Styles And Selected Characteristics Of Malaysian Students At Iowa State University, Hashim Bin Muslim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Development Of Computer-Assisted Instruction (Cai) Using The Abc Authoring System For Teaching Basic Electronics, Herman Dwi Surjono Jan 1994

The Development Of Computer-Assisted Instruction (Cai) Using The Abc Authoring System For Teaching Basic Electronics, Herman Dwi Surjono

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Curriculum Renewal And Achievement Assessment Via Computer Management Systems In Mathematics , Ralph F. Woodward Jr. Jan 1994

Curriculum Renewal And Achievement Assessment Via Computer Management Systems In Mathematics , Ralph F. Woodward Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted with the purpose of determining the feasibility of bridging from the existing and renewed curriculum of a district to the curriculum and assessment materials based on research by the School Improvement Model (SIM) at Iowa State University's College of Education. The research provides a direction and samples of each sequential step needed to incorporate goals and assessment components between the two curriculums. A bridging document was developed for this purpose. The steps included: (1) the assessment of current status of content and curriculum goals for the target subject, fifth and sixth grade mathematics, (2) staff ...


An Investigation Of Selected Variables As Predictors Of Success On The Speak And Teach Tests , Rosa Branca Luna Freire Fagundes Jan 1994

An Investigation Of Selected Variables As Predictors Of Success On The Speak And Teach Tests , Rosa Branca Luna Freire Fagundes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this study was to identify a pool of discriminating variables to be used as predictors of success on the SPEAK and TEACH tests, which are tests given to prospective international teaching assistants at Iowa State University. Data were collected from four-hundred randomly selected subjects. Two sets of variables were individually investigated: background variables (sex, first language, TOEFL score, last degree completed, number of months residing in the U.S., average amount of time speaking English, and previous teaching experience) and operational variables (pronunciation, fluency, cultural ability, communication skills, interaction skills, raters' overall impression, and student-questioners' overall ...


Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz Jan 1994

Structural Equation Modeling Of Health Belief Model Influences On Exercise Behavior Among Medical Center Employees , Charles Michael Cychosz

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This investigation had two purposes. First, the study was designed to confirm the factor structure of the Health Belief Model Inventory (HBMI) among employees of a medical center. Second, a causal model was developed and tested using HBMI components to predict exercise behavior;Data were collected from 511 employees of a regional medical center. Analysis of the data included (1) confirmatory factor analysis of the proposed model including benefits, barriers, susceptibility, social influences, cues to action, and perceived physical ability. (2) structural equation modeling of the relationship between these factors and exercise behavior;Confirmatory factor analysis of the HBMI revealed ...