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Full-Text Articles in Education

Sketching To Learn In High School Biology Classrooms, Emma Arents May 2019

Sketching To Learn In High School Biology Classrooms, Emma Arents

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This pilot study tested the ability of the materials we created to elicit higher-order understanding and model-based reasoning (MBR) at three high schools. Participants completed iterative review sessions for an introductory biology topic, either through sketching or reading a text outline. After iterative review, participants responded to a single-question assessment. The question involved transfer of the information provided to students. The structure-behavior-function (SBF) coding structure used to analyze student answers distinguished levels of understanding in student responses (descriptive, explanatory, or integrative). However, grading written text responses alone did not provide adequate information to determine whether the student participants utilized MBR ...


A Program Evaluation Of Gameday The Diii Way, Erin Beth Wojtkun Jan 2019

A Program Evaluation Of Gameday The Diii Way, Erin Beth Wojtkun

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Through discussion with the membership, Division III of the National Collegiate Athletic Association identified an issue at gameday environments. The fans, especially parents, were causing fan issues at athletic events. This program evaluation focuses on Gameday the DIII Way training program. Gameday the DIII Way is a program where the NCAA and the Disney Institute partnered to create a training for the DIII membership that focuses on dealing with poor fan behavior. This program evaluation is grounded in a pragmatic paradigm. For this program evaluation, an online survey was sent to a sample population of the participants. The research focused ...


A Program Evaluation Of An After-School Reading Intervention Program In A Small Urban Elementary School, Erin Kershner Oct 2018

A Program Evaluation Of An After-School Reading Intervention Program In A Small Urban Elementary School, Erin Kershner

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to conduct a program evaluation of an after-school reading intervention program for reluctant readers. The program is part of a school district initiative to help young students establish positive, productive habits and dispositions toward reading. Program participants included teachers in the after-school program and parents of students who participated for two years. The evaluation questions were designed to assess the perceptions of those stakeholders on the benefit of the program for student participants. Both teachers and parents perceived that the program benefited students' receptive vocabularies. Teachers found that the program significantly improved students' ability ...


Applicable Outcomes: A Program Evaluation Of The Investigations Math Program, Sean Marco Hamer Apr 2018

Applicable Outcomes: A Program Evaluation Of The Investigations Math Program, Sean Marco Hamer

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This program evaluation study focused on the outcomes of a Math program for elementary level students. This mixed-methods study explored the relationship between the implementation of the Investigations Math program and teachers' perceptions of its impacts. The program theory that guided this study stated that teachers who were provided time and resources to examine best practice Math curricula and instructional methods would: adopt and implement a holistic Math program that updated the curriculum; create positive changes in teacher content and pedagogical knowledge; meet the needs of all students, at all proficiency levels; result in a consistent scope and sequence; and ...


A Program Evaluation: Fidelity Of Implementation Of The Wilson Reading System In A Mid-Atlantic School District, Amy H. Stamm Dec 2017

A Program Evaluation: Fidelity Of Implementation Of The Wilson Reading System In A Mid-Atlantic School District, Amy H. Stamm

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Reading is at the heart of education and it is the basic skill upon which all others are built. Reading difficulties underlie much of the differences in academic achievement between students with specific learning disabilities in reading and non-disabled students; addressing these challenges when children are young is the key for long-term success (Borman, 2005; Cortiella & Horowitz, 2014; Juel, 1988; National Reading Panel, 2000; Torgesen et al., 2001). The purpose of this mixed methods program evaluation was to provide information to stakeholders about the implementation of the Wilson Reading System in the Mid Atlantic School Division (MASD). By examining the fidelity of ...


An Evaluation Of Southeast School District's Special Education Program's Compliance, Jennifer Anne Tingley Nov 2017

An Evaluation Of Southeast School District's Special Education Program's Compliance, Jennifer Anne Tingley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study is a program evaluation of a small, rural school district’s special education program’s compliance with key processes, including the child study, eligibility, and individual education plan (IEP) processes. The goals of the evaluation were to identify potential weaknesses in the special education program implementation, and to provide suggestions for improvement. The program evaluation model used is the Context, Input, Process, Product (CIPP) model, which was developed by Daniel Stufflebeam. The research questions assessed the alignment of the school district’s special education handbook with federal and state guidelines for special education, as well as the implementation ...


A Meta-Analysis Of The Effects Of Enrichment Programs On Gifted Students, Mihyeon Kim Feb 2016

A Meta-Analysis Of The Effects Of Enrichment Programs On Gifted Students, Mihyeon Kim

Articles

Although descriptions of enrichment programs are valuable for practitioners, practices, and services for gifted students, they must be backed by evidence, derived through a synthesis of research. This study examined research on enrichment programs serving gifted students and synthesized the current studies between 1985 and 2014 on the effects of enrichment programs. A total of 26 studies were included in this meta-analysis, and the findings show that enrichment programs had a positive impact on both gifted students’ academic achievement (g = 0.96, 95% CI [0.64, 1.30], under a random-effects model) and socioemotional development (g = 0.55, 95% CI ...


Being An "Extraterrestrial:" The Need For Academic Emphasis On The Intersection Of Race And Sexuality, Marvin D. Shelton Jr. May 2015

Being An "Extraterrestrial:" The Need For Academic Emphasis On The Intersection Of Race And Sexuality, Marvin D. Shelton Jr.

Undergraduate Honors Theses

I investigate the ways in which collegiate humanities curriculum and instruction can include more literature, scholarship, and discussion around the intersection of race and sexuality. My goal is to help turn college humanities classrooms into intellectual safe spaces for GBTQ Black males. An intellectual safe space, for the focus of this thesis, is one where GBTQ Black males (and perhaps other marginalized identities as well) feel that both of their identities are equally valuable parts in the curriculum and that these dual identities (or multiple in some cases) are fully represented and affirmed in the books and articles that they ...


A Value-Added Study Of Math Teacher Effectiveness: A Comparative Analysis Of Principal Evaluations, Self-Efficacy Ratings, And Classroom Observations, Shannon Schmidt Butler Jan 2015

A Value-Added Study Of Math Teacher Effectiveness: A Comparative Analysis Of Principal Evaluations, Self-Efficacy Ratings, And Classroom Observations, Shannon Schmidt Butler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Student Infractions And Social Emotional Competence: A Program Evaluation Of Responsive Classroom(Rtm), Bloodine Barthelus Jan 2015

The Relationship Between Student Infractions And Social Emotional Competence: A Program Evaluation Of Responsive Classroom(Rtm), Bloodine Barthelus

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


From The Barracks To The Frat House: Hegemonic Masculinity And The Normalization, Promotion And Replication Of Rape Culture In Male Dominated Spaces-- A Comparison Of The United States Military And The American College Fraternity, Elizabeth H. Scott May 2014

From The Barracks To The Frat House: Hegemonic Masculinity And The Normalization, Promotion And Replication Of Rape Culture In Male Dominated Spaces-- A Comparison Of The United States Military And The American College Fraternity, Elizabeth H. Scott

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The adolescent clubhouse, the fraternity and the military are all critical spaces that frame and nurture the normative masculine gender script, and therefore the assumption and replication of a hegemonic masculinity. Because hegemonic masculinities are so intricately woven into the fibers of the United States military and the American fraternity, these organizations and the rich traditions that compose their histories and inform their practices and ideologies, are the focus of this study. I argue that these two spaces normalize, sustain, promote and replicate rape culture by requiring members’ performance of hegemonic masculinity. Members’ performance of a hegemonic masculinity contributes to ...


An Analysis Of State And Local Alignment Of Teacher Evaluation In Maryland, Serene N. Peterson Jan 2014

An Analysis Of State And Local Alignment Of Teacher Evaluation In Maryland, Serene N. Peterson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study explored the components of Maryland's newly-implemented teacher evaluation framework and compared state requirements with evaluations to three local school systems' evaluation procedures. The study sought to investigate the relationship between three evaluation protocols in comparison to the state requirements.;Three local school districts were selected based on their student population served and the availability of their evaluation documents. Howard County Public Schools, Anne Arundel County Public Schools, and Montgomery County Public Schools were selected. State evaluation documents were also included in the study, coming from the Maryland State Department of Education. Evaluation documents underwent a qualitative data ...


Evaluating A School-Based Day Treatment Program For Students With Challenging Behaviors, Antoine Lewis Hickman Jan 2014

Evaluating A School-Based Day Treatment Program For Students With Challenging Behaviors, Antoine Lewis Hickman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Jade County Public Schools has provided school-based therapeutic day treatment in its public schools for more than 10 years. This program was adopted by the school system to provide an intervention in the school and classroom to address the challenging behaviors of students with emotional and behavioral disorders.;Currently, three human services agencies provide school-based therapeutic day treatment services to students in Jade County Public Schools with the goals of increasing academic achievement, increasing school attendance, reducing undesirable behaviors and increasing desirable behaviors. Until now, there has not been a formal evaluation of the program to determine if improvements were ...


The Relationship Between Teachers' Computer Self-Efficacy And Technology Integration In A School District's Bring Your Own Technology Initiative, Ashley F. Ellis Jan 2014

The Relationship Between Teachers' Computer Self-Efficacy And Technology Integration In A School District's Bring Your Own Technology Initiative, Ashley F. Ellis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this mixed methods program evaluation study was to investigate the ways in which one public school district and its teachers implemented a Bring Your Own Technology (BYOT) initiative. This study also measured teachers' computer self-efficacy, as measured by Cassidy and Eachus' (2002) Computer User Self-Efficacy Scale, and investigated the relationship between the teachers' computer self-efficacy and use of BYOT. The study sought to discover the successes and challenges the teachers in the district faced with implementation in their schools and classrooms. Participants included teachers in the four high schools in the district. The study used the CIPP ...


Wikis As Platforms For Authentic Assessment, Pamela L. Eddy, April Lawrence Aug 2013

Wikis As Platforms For Authentic Assessment, Pamela L. Eddy, April Lawrence

Articles

Calls for accountability focus attention on assessment of student learning. Authentic assessment involves evaluating student learning as students perform real world tasks. We present a four-stage conceptual framework for authentic assessment. We argue first that evaluation is a process rather than a static one-time event. Second, authentic assessment involves evaluating experiential learning. Third, multiple evaluators assess student work, including self-assessment or review by a public audience. Finally, authentic assessments offer more learner choice. Wikis, as user-friendly web spaces that support easy web authoring for individuals or for collaborative groups, provide a platform for both student learning and authentic assessment


Teacher Perspectives Of The Use Of Student Performance Data In Teacher Evaluations, Paul Thomas Hopkins Jan 2013

Teacher Perspectives Of The Use Of Student Performance Data In Teacher Evaluations, Paul Thomas Hopkins

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine how K-12 public school teachers perceive the use of student performance data in teacher evaluations. The proprietary, utility, feasibility, and accuracy standards created by the Joint Committee on Standards for Education Evaluation (JCSEE) served as a framework for the study. An online survey was deployed to a random stratified sample of teachers across the United States. Participants responded to thirty statements using a four-point Likert Scale that ranged from Strongly Agree to Strongly Disagree. Participants were also provided an opportunity to list and describe additional items that they favored and feared with ...


High Stakes Testing Policy Issues In Education: An Analysis Of Litigation Involving High Stakes Testing And The Denial Of Diplomas, Lisa M. Winfield Jan 2013

High Stakes Testing Policy Issues In Education: An Analysis Of Litigation Involving High Stakes Testing And The Denial Of Diplomas, Lisa M. Winfield

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Testing An Instrument Using Structured Interviews To Assess Experienced Teachers’ Tpack, Judi Harris, Neal Grandgenett, Mark J. Hofer Jan 2012

Testing An Instrument Using Structured Interviews To Assess Experienced Teachers’ Tpack, Judi Harris, Neal Grandgenett, Mark J. Hofer

Book Chapters

In 2010, the authors developed, tested, and released a reliable and valid instrument that can be used to assess the quality of inexperienced teachers’ TPACK by examining their detailed written lesson plans. In the current study, the same instrument was tested to see if it could be used to assess the TPACK evident in experienced teachers’ planning in the form of spoken responses to semi-structured interview questions. Interrater reliability was computed using both Intraclass Correlation (.870) and a score agreement (93.6%) procedure. Internal consistency (using Cronbach’s Alpha) was .895. Test-retest reliability (score agreement) was 100%. Taken together, these ...


Program Evaluation Of A School District's Multisensory Reading Initiative, Michael Patrick Asip Jan 2012

Program Evaluation Of A School District's Multisensory Reading Initiative, Michael Patrick Asip

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to conduct a formative program evaluation of a school district's multisensory reading initiative. The mixed methods study involved semi-structured interviews, online survey, focus groups, document review, and analysis of extant special education student reading achievement data. Participants included elementary special education teachers of high incidence students with disabilities, elementary assistant principals, central office special education leaders, and contracted training partners. Facilitating conditions that supported multisensory reading instruction included supportive school administrators, professional learning communities, intensive initial professional development, plentiful instructional materials, and supportive central office personnel. Constraints included school master schedules, limited time ...


Literacy Self-Efficacy And Achievement Of Secondary Students With Disabilities, Mary Mau Runnells Jan 2012

Literacy Self-Efficacy And Achievement Of Secondary Students With Disabilities, Mary Mau Runnells

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Adolescent literacy, or adolescents' ability to read, write, and communicate about the variety of texts they encounter in and out of school, has remained inordinately, and consistently, low for the past 20 years (NCES, 2010). Self-efficacy is a widely-used construct for measuring and predicting student achievement (Pajares, Johnson, & Usher, 2007; Phan, 2011; Schunk& Zimmerman, 2007). A differential level of literacy achievement is noted between certain student subgroups including students with and without disabilities (NCES, 2010).Students with disabilities are also included within other student subgroups that persistently underperform on literacy assessments (NCES, 2010) compounding school districts efforts to achieve Adequate Yearly Progress benchmarks set by the federal government (NCLB, 2001). Presently, a large portion of high school graduates do not meet entry-level literacy requirements for post-graduate employment nor are they prepared for the literacy demands of college (Mikulecky, Smith-Burke, Beatty, 2009; NGA, 2010). Participants in this study include a diverse group of adolescents in seventh, eighth, and ninth grade attending one middle school and one high school in an urban, public school in one mid-Atlantic state. Results of this study support the emergent research area of developmental processes and instructional ...


Examining Authentic Intellectual Work With A Historical Digital Documentary Inquiry Project In A Mandated State Testing Environment, Kathy Swan, Mark J. Hofer, Gerry Swan Jan 2011

Examining Authentic Intellectual Work With A Historical Digital Documentary Inquiry Project In A Mandated State Testing Environment, Kathy Swan, Mark J. Hofer, Gerry Swan

Articles

Three criteria for meaningful student learning--construction of knowledge, disciplined inquiry, and value beyond school--are assessed as authentic learning outcomes for an implementation of a digital documentary project in two fifth grade history classrooms where teachers' practices are constrained by a high-stakes testing climate. In all three areas, there was ample evidence of student engagement in authentic intellectual work in the student-created movies. Only when teachers are ambitious in looking beyond test score outcomes will students have opportunities for meaningful and authentic intellectual experiences.


Testing A Tpack-Based Technology Integration Observation Rubric, Mark J. Hofer, Neal Grandgenett, Judi Harris, Kathy Swan Jan 2011

Testing A Tpack-Based Technology Integration Observation Rubric, Mark J. Hofer, Neal Grandgenett, Judi Harris, Kathy Swan

Book Chapters

Teachers' knowledge for technology integration - conceptualized as technological pedagogical content knowledge, or TPACK (Mishra & Koehler 2006) - is difficult to discern, much less assess. Given the complexity, situatedness and interdependence of the types of knowledge represented by the TPACK construct, well-triangulated ways to assess demonstrated technology integration are needed. In 2009, three of the authors created and tested a rubric that was found to be a valid and reliable instrument to assess the TPACK evident in teacher's written lesson plans (Harris, Grandgenett & Hofer 2010). We have now also developed a TPACK-based observation rubric that testing has shown to be robust ...


An Analysis Of The Validity Of The Enneagram, Sara Ann Scott Jan 2011

An Analysis Of The Validity Of The Enneagram, Sara Ann Scott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Community College Leadership: A Multidimensional Model For Leading Change, Pamela L. Eddy, George R. Boggs Apr 2010

Community College Leadership: A Multidimensional Model For Leading Change, Pamela L. Eddy, George R. Boggs

School of Education Books

New and changing environments in the realm of education, communities, economic markets, and global influences are creating new demands on community colleges. Leaders of the future will find themselves managing increasingly complex organizations―and they will face challenges very different from those of their predecessors. Future leaders will possess more diverse skills and experience, and their qualifications will come from a wider variety of careers as they follow new pathways to their positions. This new book provides a model of leadership suited to evolving demands and changing environments. Developed by a leading authority in the field, this model recognizes that ...


Testing A Tpack-Based Technology Integration Assessment Rubric, Judi Harris, Neal Grandgenett, Mark J. Hofer Jan 2010

Testing A Tpack-Based Technology Integration Assessment Rubric, Judi Harris, Neal Grandgenett, Mark J. Hofer

Book Chapters

Although there is ever-increasing emphasis on integrating technology in teaching, there are few well-tested and refined assessments to measure the quality of this integration. The few measures that are available tend to favor constructivist approaches to teaching, and thus do not accurately assess the quality of technology integration across a range of different teaching approaches. We have developed a more “pedagogically inclusive” instrument that reflects key TPACK concepts and that has proven to both reliable and valid in two successive rounds of testing. The instrument’s interrater reliability coefficient (.857) was computed using both Intraclass Correlation and a score agreement ...


An Exploratory Study Of Creativity -Fostering Teacher Behaviors In Secondary Classrooms, Matthew J. Edinger Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Creativity -Fostering Teacher Behaviors In Secondary Classrooms, Matthew J. Edinger

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Virginia Teachers' Perceptions And Knowledge Of Test Accommodations For Students With Disabilities, William Michael Brown Jan 2007

Virginia Teachers' Perceptions And Knowledge Of Test Accommodations For Students With Disabilities, William Michael Brown

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Rate Of Advanced Placement (Ap) Exam Taking Among Ap-Enrolled Students: A Study Of New Jersey High Schools, Ellen C. Fithian Jan 2003

Rate Of Advanced Placement (Ap) Exam Taking Among Ap-Enrolled Students: A Study Of New Jersey High Schools, Ellen C. Fithian

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Use And Effectiveness Of Test Accommodations For Students With Learning Disabilities On The Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition, Deborah Whisler Rullman Jan 2003

Use And Effectiveness Of Test Accommodations For Students With Learning Disabilities On The Stanford Achievement Test, Ninth Edition, Deborah Whisler Rullman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Fostering Student Achievement: A Study Of The Relationship Of Collective Teacher Efficacy And Student Achievement, Marilyn Frances Barr Jan 2002

Fostering Student Achievement: A Study Of The Relationship Of Collective Teacher Efficacy And Student Achievement, Marilyn Frances Barr

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this research was to determine if there was a relationship between collective teacher efficacy and student achievement and if collective teacher efficacy made an independent contribution in explaining student achievement beyond socioeconomic status. The conceptual basis for this study was Bandura's theory of self-efficacy.;Relationships between collective teacher efficacy and student achievement on the Virginia grade 8 math, writing, and English Standards of Learning (SOL) tests were found to be significant. The relationship between collective teacher efficacy and student achievement on the grade 8 writing SOL test made an independent contribution when controlling for socioeconomic status ...