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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

Iowa State University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Explicit Attitudes Towards Race: The Impact Of Active Learning In Teaching Diversity, Adele Quigley-Mcbride, Kimberly Rae More, Curt More Aug 2019

Explicit Attitudes Towards Race: The Impact Of Active Learning In Teaching Diversity, Adele Quigley-Mcbride, Kimberly Rae More, Curt More

CIRTL Reports

The majority of colleges and universities in the United States require students to take at least one diversity-related course to graduate. Considering the current political climate, this is a step in the right direction as it should encourage students to be more accepting and help facilitate an inclusive campus environment. However, these courses typically are not tailored towards addressing current diversity issues impacting Americans (e.g., New Zealand Film counts as a cultural diversity credit at Oberlin College in Ohio). In addition, very little empirical research has been conducted looking at the effectiveness of these courses or at which teaching ...


21st-Century Skills And Science Inquiry: Using Self-Directed Inquiry To Spark Interest And Promote Research Skills., Emily Hayden Mar 2019

21st-Century Skills And Science Inquiry: Using Self-Directed Inquiry To Spark Interest And Promote Research Skills., Emily Hayden

Education Publications

Any online search for "21st-century skills" produces a wealth of graphics, lists, and tips. The internet is a treasure trove of literacy activities that build upon these skills, including the abilities to read, write, synthesize information, make critical judgments, and present learning. But what about students who do not engage eagerly in reading and writing, resisting because of lack of skills, confidence, or interest? Kindling a spark of interest can be difficult, and the last thing we want to do is extinguish it.


Web-Based Student Response Systems And Peer Instruction: A Review And Case Study, Cinzia Cervato Mar 2019

Web-Based Student Response Systems And Peer Instruction: A Review And Case Study, Cinzia Cervato

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Cooperative learning and peer instruction are well documented pedagogies that engage students in their learning process. The means to implement cooperative learning in the classroom have evolved from raised hands, colored flashcards, student response systems or “clickers”, to web-based audience response systems that work on any electronic device. This paper briefly reviews available audience response systems and presents a case study on Learning Catalytics, a system designed to enable peer instruction and implement just-in-time teaching pedagogy.


Tuition Discounting At Small, Private, Baccalaureate Institutions: Reaching A Point Of No Return?, Luke Behaunek, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Jan 2019

Tuition Discounting At Small, Private, Baccalaureate Institutions: Reaching A Point Of No Return?, Luke Behaunek, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

This paper describes relationships between tuition discounting (TD), net tuition revenue, and other institutional characteristics at four-year, liberal arts institutions. TD, a practice whereby institutional grants are used to subsidize a student’s educational expense, has become a common practice at four-year institutions. TDs impact on enrollments, financial aid, and budgets continues to increase, raising concerns about the long-term sustainability of the practice. Drawing upon Breneman’s (1994) economic theory of four-year private institutions, this research examined trends in student characteristics, enrollment, institutional grants, and net tuition revenue (NTR) and the relationship between TD practices NTR. Analyzing panel data of ...


Not A Moment To Lose: Mentoring Teacher Candidates For New Cultures And Climate, Emily Hayden, Travis R. Gratteau-Zinnel Jan 2019

Not A Moment To Lose: Mentoring Teacher Candidates For New Cultures And Climate, Emily Hayden, Travis R. Gratteau-Zinnel

Education Publications

Mentoring for early career teachers is well-documented. Less research exists on formal mentoring for pre-service teachers, but early attrition rates are so alarming that we cannot afford to lose any time in preparing novices for the challenges they will face. This research explored mentoring support provided to pre-service, or novice, teachers in a K12 reading clinic at a state research university. The state has experienced dramatic expansion in linguistic and cultural diversity over the last 25 years, with a concurrent shortage of ESL-certified teachers. While the reading clinic does not provide formal ESL services, more than half the children who ...


State Wide Self-Assessment Of General Program Standards For Agricultural Education, Kelsey R. Sands, Adam D. Sacquitne, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick Jan 2019

State Wide Self-Assessment Of General Program Standards For Agricultural Education, Kelsey R. Sands, Adam D. Sacquitne, Scott W. Smalley, Michael S. Retallick

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

A quality program is the ultimate goal for many secondary agricultural education programs. To ensure quality agricultural education programs, standards were established to measure the extent agricultural education programs in Iowa were implementing standards. Utilizing Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior, researchers incorporated the Iowa Council on Agricultural Education standards as an evaluation tool. A census study was conducted in Iowa with high school agricultural education teachers (N = 255) to better understand the extent that standards outlined by the Iowa Council on Agricultural Education were being met in agricultural education programs. In the general program standard area, improvement is needed ...


Still Moving Toward Automation Of The Systematic Review Process: A Summary Of Discussions At The Third Meeting Of The International Collaboration For Automation Of Systematic Reviews (Icasr), Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B. Gilbert, Kristina A. Thayer, Ian Shemilt, James Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Mary S. Wolfe Jan 2019

Still Moving Toward Automation Of The Systematic Review Process: A Summary Of Discussions At The Third Meeting Of The International Collaboration For Automation Of Systematic Reviews (Icasr), Annette M. O'Connor, Guy Tsafnat, Stephen B. Gilbert, Kristina A. Thayer, Ian Shemilt, James Thomas, Paul Glasziou, Mary S. Wolfe

Veterinary Diagnostic and Production Animal Medicine Publications

The third meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 17–18 October 2017 in London, England. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose goal is to maximize the use of technology for conducting rapid, accurate, and efficient systematic reviews of scientific evidence. The group seeks to facilitate the development and widespread acceptance of automated techniques for systematic reviews. The meeting’s conclusion was that the most pressing needs at present are to develop approaches for validating currently available tools and to provide increased access to curated corpora that can be used for validation. To that ...


Off To On: Best Practices For Online Team-Based Learning™, Michele Clark, Laura Merrick, Jennifer Styron, Annetta Dolowitz, Cassandra Dorius, Kajal Madeka, Holly Bender, Janet Johnson, John Chapman, Meghan Gillette, Michael Dorneich, Brian O'Dwyer, James Grogan, Tom Brown, Bruce Leonard, Jane Rongerude, Liz Winter Aug 2018

Off To On: Best Practices For Online Team-Based Learning™, Michele Clark, Laura Merrick, Jennifer Styron, Annetta Dolowitz, Cassandra Dorius, Kajal Madeka, Holly Bender, Janet Johnson, John Chapman, Meghan Gillette, Michael Dorneich, Brian O'Dwyer, James Grogan, Tom Brown, Bruce Leonard, Jane Rongerude, Liz Winter

Center for Excellence in Learning and Teaching Publications

In the fall of 2014, 20.4 million American students were enrolled in higher education. Of these, 28% or 5.8 million students were taking at least some of their courses at a distance and half of those or nearly 3 million students were taking all of them at a distance (Allen, Seaman, Poulin, & Straut, 2016). According to the 2017 New Media Consortium Horizon Report, “online, mobile, and blended learning are foregone conclusions” (Adams Becker et al. 2017, p. 2) reflecting the growing numbers of students seeking more flexible schedules and learning environments. In addition, employers are demanding that higher ...


Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt Aug 2018

Toward A Theory Of Engineering Professorial Intentions: The Role Of Research Group Experiences, Brian A. Burt

Education Publications

This article advances the Theoretical Model of Engineering Professorial Intentions to explain why individuals do or do not choose to pursue faculty careers. A 13-month ethnographic study of members of a diverse chemical engineering research group was conducted. The resulting theoretical model accounts for six emergent components that contribute to members’ identification with faculty careers: (1) social identities and personal factors; (2) sociocultural factors; (3) participation, interactions, and learning in research group experiences; (4) faculty prototype; (5) social comparisons; and (6) individual and institutional experiences. The article concludes with implications for further research and recommendations regarding mentoring and design of ...


It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer Aug 2018

It Takes A Village: The Role Of Emic And Etic Adaptive Strengths In The Persistence Of Black Men In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, Gordon J. M. Palmer

Education Publications

Black men, underrepresented in engineering, constitute a missing segment of the population who could contribute to the global knowledge economy. To address this national concern, stakeholders need additional research on strategies that aid in Black men’s persistence. This study explores the experiences of 30 Black men in engineering graduate programs. Three factors are identified as helping them persist from year to year, and in many cases through completion of the doctorate: the role of family, spirituality and faith-based community, and undergraduate mentors. The article concludes with implications for future research and professional practice that may improve the experiences of ...


Data, Data Everywhere: Implications And Considerations, Matthew D. Pistilli Aug 2018

Data, Data Everywhere: Implications And Considerations, Matthew D. Pistilli

Iowa State University Articles and Manuscripts

Learning Analytics in Higher Education provides a foundational understanding of how learning analytics is defined, what barriers and opportunities exist, and how it can be used to improve practice, including strategic planning, course development, teaching pedagogy, and student assessment. Well-known contributors provide empirical, theoretical, and practical perspectives on the current use and future potential of learning analytics for student learning and data-driven decision-making, ways to effectively evaluate and research learning analytics, integration of learning analytics into practice, organizational barriers and opportunities for harnessing Big Data to create and support use of these tools, and ethical considerations related to privacy and ...


Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald Aug 2018

Four Approaches To Building Extension Program Evaluation Capacity, Nancy K. Franz, Thomas Archibald

Education Publications

Extension educators are expected to more fully evaluate programs. In response, evaluation capacity building (ECB) is a necessary component of Extension educator professional development. One size rarely fits all; ECB more likely succeeds if it is well aligned with the educator's evaluation needs and the type of educational effort. Four approaches to Extension work have been documented—service, facilitation, content transmission, and transformative education. These approaches require different evaluation measures and therefore different forms of ECB.


Data Parties I Have Known: Lessons Learned And Best Practices For Success, Nancy K. Franz Aug 2018

Data Parties I Have Known: Lessons Learned And Best Practices For Success, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Increased focus on data-driven decision making requires Extension professionals to excel at data analysis and interpretation. Data parties have become increasingly popular for involving stakeholders in making sense of data. As these parties become more frequently used by Extension professionals, best practices are emerging from lessons learned to improve the process and enhance the outcomes. These practices include designing discussion questions to fit the specific goals of the process, engaging a team of key partners, setting a theme and party environment that appeals to the participants and fits the context, providing appropriate data visualization tools, and using strong facilitation practices.


Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie Jun 2018

Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Students are most likely to leave science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors during their first year of college. We developed an analytic approach using random forests to identify at-risk students. This method is deployable midway through the first semester and accounts for academic preparation, early engagement in university life, and performance on midterm exams. By accounting for cognitive and noncognitive factors, our method achieves stronger predictive performance than would be possible using cognitive or noncognitive factors alone. We show that it is more difficult to predict whether students will leave STEM than whether they will leave the institution. More ...


On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf Apr 2018

On A Continuum: Examining Ncore's Influence In The Development Of Multicultural Competence In Student Affairs Educators, Jennifer Lynn Plagman-Galvin, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf

Education Publications

Multiculturally competent student affairs educators are required to effectively meet the needs of today’s diverse student population. However, little is known about how educators acquire these skills. This study examined the multicultural awareness, knowledge, and skills gained by student affairs educators through their participation in NCORE, an experiential conference exploring race and ethnicity. Results of the study have implications for graduate preparation programs and professional development opportunities for student affairs educators.


Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith Apr 2018

Into The Storm: Ecological And Sociological Impediments To Black Males’ Persistence In Engineering Graduate Programs, Brian A. Burt, Krystal L. Williams, William A. Smith

Education Publications

While much is known about how Black students negotiate and navigate undergraduate studies, there is a dearth of research on what happens when these students enter graduate school. This article presents the results of a study of 21 Black male graduate students in engineering from one highly ranked research-intensive institution. This article provides evidence of structurally racialized policies within the engineering college (e.g., admissions) and racialized and gendered interactions with peers and advisors that threaten Black males’ persistence in engineering. We argue for taking an anti-deficit approach to understanding Black males’ persistence in engineering. We conclude with implications for ...


Sugar Creek Style Research Essay, Michael Belding Iii Apr 2018

Sugar Creek Style Research Essay, Michael Belding Iii

Open Course Materials

The following is a research essay assignment asking students to write a research essay in the style of John Mack Faragher's Sugar Creek on the Ames, Iowa area. The assignment includes a style guide along with a prescribed bibliography for students to work from.


Authentic Research In An Introductory Geology Laboratory And Student Reflections: Impact On Nature Of Science Understanding And Science Self-Efficacy, Elizabeth Moss, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Lori Ihrig, Craig A. Ogilvie Feb 2018

Authentic Research In An Introductory Geology Laboratory And Student Reflections: Impact On Nature Of Science Understanding And Science Self-Efficacy, Elizabeth Moss, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Lori Ihrig, Craig A. Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

This study examines the effects of an extended authentic research experience on students’ understanding of the nature of science (NOS) and self-efficacy toward science. The curriculum of an introductory physical geology lab was transformed to include a six-week, student-driven research project focused on local groundwater and surface water issues. Students’ NOS understanding was measured by using a modified version of the Student Understanding of Science and Scientific Inquiry questionnaire (n = 181) and their science self-efficacy using a modified vocational self-efficacy survey (n = 179). Data were collected on students during four semesters. We found that the combination of having students explicitly ...


A System For Adaptive High-Variability Segmental Perceptual Training: Implementation, Effectiveness, Transfer, Manman Qian, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John M. Levis Feb 2018

A System For Adaptive High-Variability Segmental Perceptual Training: Implementation, Effectiveness, Transfer, Manman Qian, Evgeny Chukharev-Khudilaynen, John M. Levis

English Publications

Many types of L2 phonological perception are often difficult to acquire without instruction. These difficulties with perception may also be related to intelligibility in production. Instruction on perception contrasts is more likely to be successful with the use of phonetically variable input made available through computer-assisted pronunciation training. However, few computer-assisted programs have demonstrated flexibility in diagnosing and treating individual learner problems or have made effective use of linguistic resources such as corpora for creating training materials. This study introduces a system for segmental perceptual training that uses a computational approach to perception utilizing corpusbased word frequency lists, high variability ...


Educational And Social Psychological Outcomes Of A Stem Program For Adolescent Girls, Jennifer Paff Ogle, Karen H. Hyllegard, Juyeon Park Jan 2018

Educational And Social Psychological Outcomes Of A Stem Program For Adolescent Girls, Jennifer Paff Ogle, Karen H. Hyllegard, Juyeon Park

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

The purpose of this research was to explore how participation in Fashion FUNdamentals (FF) shaped girls' interest and confidence in the STEM disciplines, their STEM learning, and their feelings about themselves. FF is a two-week, no-cost, summer program (M-F, 9 am-5 pm) targeting underserved adolescent girls aged 10-13 years. Fashion FUNdamentals is a unique STEM program insomuch as it frames STEM learning within the context of fashion and includes both technical and social programming. FF has been offered three times (2015-2017) and has served 129 girls. At the conclusion of each year's program, the FF team conducted focus groups ...


Concept Mapping As A Learning Tool For Fashion Education, Charity Armstead Jan 2018

Concept Mapping As A Learning Tool For Fashion Education, Charity Armstead

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

Concept mapping has been shown to be an effective learning tool to enhance student learning. Two concept map projects, one for a textiles course and one for a first-year fashion industry course, were developed to help students understand the connections between ideas and to assess their understanding of the course content. For a final project in the textiles course, students developed concept maps displaying textile components, serviceability characteristics, aesthetics, and the relationships between and among concepts. For the fashion industry class, students illustrated the organization of the fashion industry, career options, social and cultural influences on fashion, key terms from ...


Slow The Fashion: Teaching Handcraft Techniques In Fashion And Textile Design In Higher Education, Liwen Wang, Ellen Mckinney, Huanjiao Dong Jan 2018

Slow The Fashion: Teaching Handcraft Techniques In Fashion And Textile Design In Higher Education, Liwen Wang, Ellen Mckinney, Huanjiao Dong

International Textile and Apparel Association (ITAA) Annual Conference Proceedings

It has been found that textile and fashion industry is among the leading resource-consuming and polluting industries especially with the advent of fast fashion. Under the high pressure from increasing environmental problems in the world, a movement of slow fashion is gaining increasing attention. It is challenging fast fashion’s obsession with mass-production and globalized style and becoming a guardian of diversity and indigenous handcraft. Studies show that handcrafted items can evoke positive emotional bond between consumer and maker hence increase the value of a garment, which adds to the sustainability of the item through extended wear. For designers, handcrafting ...


An Analysis Of Using Online Testing Modules In Engineering Economics, Vrishtee Divakar Rane Jan 2018

An Analysis Of Using Online Testing Modules In Engineering Economics, Vrishtee Divakar Rane

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Undergraduate students often find it difficult to manage curriculum. Engineering

courses often require student to solve assignments and take in-class exams throughout the

semester that include solving complex practical applications which can be challenging,

one of the reasons being the time constraints. Additionally, the use of computers to solve

the real-world problems during in-class exams is demanding due to its set-up cost and

accommodation of large number of students at the same time. This thesis describes the

study of a large engineering class using a non-conventional testing method. Student

performance was evaluated using online testing modules with a stringent passing ...


Do Social Justice Contexts Matter In Mathematical Modeling?: Modeling Problem Analysis, Ji Yeong I, Ji-Won Son, Hyunyi Jung Jan 2018

Do Social Justice Contexts Matter In Mathematical Modeling?: Modeling Problem Analysis, Ji Yeong I, Ji-Won Son, Hyunyi Jung

Education Publications

Since the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics (CCSSM; NGA Center for Best Practices & CCSSO, 2010) include modeling as one of the eight Standards for Mathematical Practices for all grades but also as important conceptual category in high school mathematics, there have been a spotlight on mathematical modeling and demand for teachers to deliberately integrate modeling tasks in mathematics classrooms. One of the efforts to integrate modeling in mathematical curricula is including modeling problems in textbooks. It is necessary to examine if these attempts are adequately made in mathematical curricula (Meyer, 2015).


Story County Conservation Strategic Plan 2018-2020, Michael Cox, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2018

Story County Conservation Strategic Plan 2018-2020, Michael Cox, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

During the last five years, our landscape has changed both literally and figuratively. These changes, combined with a very hopeful outlook for our future, shape a new vision for Story County Conservation (SCC) for the next three years. Our vision includes capacity building-- community members broadly engaging with nature as a means of self and community improvement that collaboratively works to steward the nature they know--a vision of a healthier environment and a richer community. Several factors helped formulate this plan:

completion of the Cornerstone to Capstone (C2C) Plan in 2016;

lack of sustainable statewide funding for natural resources;

recent ...


Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave Jan 2018

Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This study examined the functioning of a group of instructional designers (IDs) in higher education through the lens of Communities of Practice (CoPs). The study particularly focused on whether and how the grouping of experienced and novice IDs operated as an effective CoP from the perspective of novices. The findings indicated that a group of IDs working in a midwestern university was able to cultivate a CoP within a clearly defined domain, a well-established community, and the shared practice with a specific body of knowledge. Particularly from the perspectives of novices, they highlighted the positive impact while participating in the ...


Experiments With Universal Cefr Classification, Sowmya Vajjala, Taraka Rama Jan 2018

Experiments With Universal Cefr Classification, Sowmya Vajjala, Taraka Rama

English Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) guidelines describe language proficiency of learners on a scale of 6 levels. While the description of CEFR guidelines is generic across languages, the development of automated proficiency classification systems for different languages follow different approaches. In this paper, we explore universal CEFR classification using domainspecific and domain-agnostic, theory-guided as well as data-driven features. We report the results of our preliminary experiments in monolingual, cross-lingual, and multilingual classification with three languages: German, Czech, and Italian. Our results show that both monolingual and multilingual models achieve similar performance, and cross-lingual classification yields lower, but comparable ...


Using Immediate Feedback To Improve Short-Term Learning In Extension, Erin W. Hodgson Jan 2018

Using Immediate Feedback To Improve Short-Term Learning In Extension, Erin W. Hodgson

Entomology Publications

Program evaluation is an important part of any extension program and is often a required component by funding agencies. Given declining resources in land-grant universities, we must be creative in evaluating the learning and adoption of our research-based recommendations. I used a survey tool to give immediate feedback to participants in a wide variety of situations. Results indicate adults were receptive to this evaluation method, and close-ended questions can provide reliable evaluation data in an extension program. People showed improved significant learning with this technique and it is a model for other extension personnel.


The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz Jan 2018

The Landscape Of Rural Service Learning, And What It Teaches Us All, Nancy K. Franz

Education Publications

Community-engaged scholars know that understanding the community context is critical for successful communitybased learning that results in community development. As a rural-focused and mostly rural-based educator, I’ve been surprised at the lack of attention over the decades by university– community engagement scholars to the characteristics, opportunities, challenges, and impacts of rural service-learning. The Rural Alliance for Service Learning has attempted to address this gap in the literature by publishing this 19-chapter anthology of interesting experiences, research, and insights about service-learning in rural America with a predominant focus on the upper Midwest.


A Case Study Of Vip Toefl Speaking Teachers, Tongxuan Huang Jan 2018

A Case Study Of Vip Toefl Speaking Teachers, Tongxuan Huang

Creative Components

This study examines several cases of Chinese VIP-TOEFL-prep speaking teachers (how do they teach and what do they use in class). This study also seeks to elicit those teachers’ perceptions of some communicative speaking tasks, which are one-on-one interviews, paired/group discussion, computer as interlocutor. Paired/group discussion and presentation in the virtual environment were used in interviews and questionnaires as additional communicative speaking tasks. These additional tasks were selected as examples of computer-mediated speaking test tasks. Findings suggest that institution’s policy, student English proficiency level, teachers’ beliefs are contributing factors in deciding whether a class is test-task centered ...