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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Nationwide, Collaborative Assessment Of Medical Student Learning Outcomes: The Australian Medical Assessment Collaboration, David Wilkinson, Benedict J. Canny, Jacob Pearce, Hamish Coates, Daniel Edwards Jun 2016

Nationwide, Collaborative Assessment Of Medical Student Learning Outcomes: The Australian Medical Assessment Collaboration, David Wilkinson, Benedict J. Canny, Jacob Pearce, Hamish Coates, Daniel Edwards

Dr Daniel Edwards

No abstract provided.


Class 6 School Factors In Afghanistan 2013 : The Relationship Between School Factors And Student Outcomes From A Learning Assessment Of Mathematical, Reading And Writing Literacy, Tim Friedman, Sally Robertson, Stephanie Templeton, Maurice Walker Apr 2016

Class 6 School Factors In Afghanistan 2013 : The Relationship Between School Factors And Student Outcomes From A Learning Assessment Of Mathematical, Reading And Writing Literacy, Tim Friedman, Sally Robertson, Stephanie Templeton, Maurice Walker

Dr Tim Friedman

In 2012, the Ministry of Education, Afghanistan, engaged the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) as a partner to support the development of a national learning assessment program in Afghanistan. To achieve this goal, the Learning Assessment unit of the Ministry of Education and ACER have collaborated to design and implement the Monitoring Trends in Educational Growth (MTEG) program in Afghanistan. MTEG is designed as a long-term monitoring program with one focus on trends in achievement outcomes in single class levels over time, and another focus on the growth of achievement in cohorts throughout the school cycle, from Class 3 ...


Apa Goal #5 Professional Development: Assessment Outcomes For Sophomore And Senior Psychology Majors, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Apa Goal #5 Professional Development: Assessment Outcomes For Sophomore And Senior Psychology Majors, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, Kinsey Bolinder, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

The objective of our study was to implement assessment measures concerning the professional development of psychology majors (APA Goal #5). Sophomore and senior-level psychology majors completed a battery of measures and we examined those outcomes for the expected developmental changes over time.


Measuring Apa Goal 2: Critical Thinking And The Psychology Major, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, R. Eric Landrum Apr 2016

Measuring Apa Goal 2: Critical Thinking And The Psychology Major, Kinsey Bolinder, Eric Barlow, Talegria Brown, R. Eric Landrum

R. Eric Landrum

We studied 21 junior-level psychology majors and their critical thinking and statistical reasoning skills. Modifying the Lawson et al. (2015) scoring rubric, we measured both critical thinking ability and developed a new measure of statistical reasoning. Tese methods may help psychology educators assess student competence within APA Goal 2.


Use Of Social Emotional Learning Skills To Predict Future Academic Success And Progress Toward Graduation, Alan Davis, V. Solberg, Christine De Baca, Taryn Hargrove Gore Mar 2016

Use Of Social Emotional Learning Skills To Predict Future Academic Success And Progress Toward Graduation, Alan Davis, V. Solberg, Christine De Baca, Taryn Hargrove Gore

Alan Davis

This study evaluated the degree to which a range of social emotional learning skills—academic self-efficacy, academic motivation, social connections, importance of school, and managing psychological and emotional distress and academic stress— could be used as an indicator of future academic outcomes. Using a sample of 4,797 from a large urban school district, we found that high school students classified as performing in the lowest 25% of their grade reported lower social emotional skills than students classified in the top 25% of academic performers by the end of the 8th grade. Two variables, perceived importance of attending college and ...


The Bell Curve And Its Critical Progeny: A Review, Alan Davis Mar 2016

The Bell Curve And Its Critical Progeny: A Review, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

No abstract provided.


The History And Politics Of An Evaluation: The Colorado Learning Disabilities Study, Alan Davis, Mary Smith Mar 2016

The History And Politics Of An Evaluation: The Colorado Learning Disabilities Study, Alan Davis, Mary Smith

Alan Davis

No abstract provided.


Upping The Stakes: Using Gain Scores To Judge Local Program Effectiveness In Chapter 1, Alan Davis Mar 2016

Upping The Stakes: Using Gain Scores To Judge Local Program Effectiveness In Chapter 1, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

Since 1978, the national evaluation and reporting system for Title I/Chapter 1 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act has depended upon a norm-referenced evaluation system to determine the effectiveness of compensatory education programs funded under the act. For a decade, policy directives urged caution in interpreting local results and encouraged use of additional indicators. Since 1988, legislative amendments have required that the national evaluation system serve, without adjustment or interpretation, to identify individual school projects in need of improvement. In this article I argue that the system is technically unsuited for this purpose. Problems with regression and measurement ...


The Effects Of Books In Spanish And Free Reading Time On Hispanic Students’ Reading Abilities And Attitudes, Isabel Schon, Kenneth Hopkins, Alan Davis Mar 2016

The Effects Of Books In Spanish And Free Reading Time On Hispanic Students’ Reading Abilities And Attitudes, Isabel Schon, Kenneth Hopkins, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

The Spanish and English reading abilities, reading attitudes and academic self-concepts of two comparable groups of elementary Hispanic students were investigated. The effects of providing a great variety of books in Spanish and sixty minutes a week of free reading time were studied by analyzing the results of the Tests of Reading: Inter-American Series and by having students respond anonymously to reading attitude and academic self-concept inventories. There was a trend for significantly higher Spanish reading performance in the E groups with no loss in their English reading proficiency. The reading attitudes of the E groups also improved significantly.


Wealth, Traditional Socioeconomic Indicators, And The Achievement Debt, Donald Easton-Brooks, Alan Davis Mar 2016

Wealth, Traditional Socioeconomic Indicators, And The Achievement Debt, Donald Easton-Brooks, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

No abstract provided.


State Strategies To Support Local School Improvement, Beverly Anderson, Allan Odden, Eleanor Farrar, Susan Fuhrman, Alan Davis, Eugene Huddle, Jane Armstrong, Patricia Flakus-Mosqueda Mar 2016

State Strategies To Support Local School Improvement, Beverly Anderson, Allan Odden, Eleanor Farrar, Susan Fuhrman, Alan Davis, Eugene Huddle, Jane Armstrong, Patricia Flakus-Mosqueda

Alan Davis

In recent years, state departments of education have undertaken strategies to support local school improvement. Some emphasize school wide improvement while others focus specifically on instructional improvement. This study, based on case study methodology, sought to determine what factors were most important in the process of actually putting in place an improvement effort. The study indicated that the implementation within the school could be best thought of in four stages—initiation, initial implementation, complete implementation, and institutionalization. Each stage contained several factors that seemed essential to success. These factors included district support of several types as well as characteristics and ...


Positive Directions In Research On Teaching To Inform Theory And Practice [Book Chapter], Alan Davis Mar 2016

Positive Directions In Research On Teaching To Inform Theory And Practice [Book Chapter], Alan Davis

Alan Davis

No abstract provided.


Lessons Learned In 4th-Grade Classrooms, Mark Clarke, Alan Davis, Lynn Rhodes, Elaine Baker Mar 2016

Lessons Learned In 4th-Grade Classrooms, Mark Clarke, Alan Davis, Lynn Rhodes, Elaine Baker

Alan Davis

For the past thirty years or so the profession has been focused on teaching method in one way or another. Over thirty years ago, Anthony articulated the distinction of approach, method, technique, and the profession has used this basic framework in all subsequent discussions of teaching (Anthony, 1963; Clarke, 1983; Clarke, 1984; Clarke, 1994; Richards& Rodgers, 1986). The focus on method has been productive. However, in 1976, Earl Stevick presented us with a conundrum that has not yet been resolved:

In the field of language teaching, Method A is the logical contradiction of Method B: if the assumptions from which A claims to be derived are correct, then B cannot work, and vice versa. Yet one colleague is getting excellent results with A and another is getting comparable results with B. How is this possible? (Stevick, 1976, p. 104; Stevick, 1996, p. 193)

Our study of three effective teachers who utilize distinctively different methods yet achieve comparable results has forced us to return to the riddle (Clarke, Davis, Rhodes, & Baker, forthcoming). The purpose of this paper is to examine the nature of teaching and learning and the role of method in the process.

Since 1990 we have been engaged in a research project that has caused us to question the role of method in understanding teaching. We began with an intensive examination of literacy instruction in forty elementary classrooms in Denver, Colorado (Davis, et al., 1992). We continued the study by focusing on three teachers who emerged as especially successful; they achieved remarkable success under difficult circumstances, yet espoused dramatically different philosophies and approach their ...


Pediatrician Or Professional Athlete? Gender, Ethnicity, And Occupational Aspirations Of Urban Adolescents, Alan Davis Mar 2016

Pediatrician Or Professional Athlete? Gender, Ethnicity, And Occupational Aspirations Of Urban Adolescents, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

This study compared the occupational aspirations of beginning high school students by gender and ethnicity, and examined the relationship between the educational demands of the occupations desired by students and their academic performance before and after entering high school. Desired occupations were obtained from 662 entering 9th-grade students in a large urban district, and linked to General Educational Demand ratings and to student grades. Young women were more likely than young men to aspire to professional occupations and to occupations requiring more education. The educational demands associated with students' aspirations accounted for about 3% of variance in grades. Educational demands ...


Digital Storytelling [Book Chapter], Alan Davis, L. Foley Mar 2016

Digital Storytelling [Book Chapter], Alan Davis, L. Foley

Alan Davis

About this book: The evolution of digital media has enhanced global perspectives in all facets of communication, greatly increasing the range, scope, and accessibility of shared information. Due to the tremendously broad-reaching influence of digital media, its impact on learning, behavior, and social interaction has become a widely discussed topic of study, synthesizing the research of academic scholars, community educators, and developers of civic programs. The Handbook of Research on the Societal Impact of Digital Media is an authoritative reference source for recent developments in the dynamic field of digital media. This timely publication provides an overview of technological developments ...


How To Focus An Evaluation (Cse Program Evaluation Kit), Brian Stecher, Alan Davis Mar 2016

How To Focus An Evaluation (Cse Program Evaluation Kit), Brian Stecher, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

About this book: Changes in the initial stages of the evaluation process over the last decade are reflected in How to Focus an Evaluation. A new book in the series, this volume replaces the first edition's How to Deal with Goals and Objectives. The volume recognizes that deciding what to evaluate is a complex negotiation process that involves the methodological predisposition of the evaluator and the client, client needs, the nature of the program and the constraints surrounding the evaluation. It outlines five models that characterize different methodological approaches and considers how each may contribute to the focusing process ...


Co-Authoring Identity: Digital Storytelling In An Urban Middle School, Alan Davis Mar 2016

Co-Authoring Identity: Digital Storytelling In An Urban Middle School, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

Working after school in the Cyber Cougars Fifth Dimension Club in a large city in the western US, African American youth age 12 to 14 produced digital stories representing episodes of change in their own lives. A close examination of how three of these stories came into being explores the dialogic process of authoring and considers some of the ways that self-narratives can serve as developmental tools for the authors. [This study was supported by Field Initiated Study Grant R305T010285, OERI, U. S. Department of Education]


High-Achieving Middle Schools For Latino Students In Poverty, Dan Jesse, Alan Davis, Nanacy Pokorny Mar 2016

High-Achieving Middle Schools For Latino Students In Poverty, Dan Jesse, Alan Davis, Nanacy Pokorny

Alan Davis

This study was conducted to examine the characteristics of middle schools in which Latino students from low-income families made substantial achievement gains. Nine schools in Texas were selected where Latino students had shown strong gains in the Texas Assessment of Academic Skills. Data from onsite interviews, focus groups, and documents were reviewed for evidence of 57 characteristics of effective schools. As expected, schools were characterized by strong leadership; a clear focus on achievement; positive climate, including supportive relationships among students and teachers; and good communications with parents. Surprisingly little attention was paid to providing culturally relevant curriculum or bilingual instruction ...


Crossing Divides: The Legacy Of Graham Nuthall, Alan Davis Mar 2016

Crossing Divides: The Legacy Of Graham Nuthall, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

Graham Nuthall's work cuts across methodological and conceptual divides that have worked against the development of a theory of learning and teaching that is at once predictive and practical. The micro-genetic approach to research on learning in classrooms that he developed with Adrienne Alton-Lee successfully transcends the unhelpful dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative methods. Crossing the borders between the individual focus of cognitive psychology and the central role of social activity of sociocultural theory, he has suggested a synthesis that is both grounded in social context and predictive of individual learning. His theoretical contribution can become still more useful ...


Chapter 1 Program Improvement: Cause For Cautious Optimism And A Call For Much More Research, Sam Stringfield, Shelley Billig, Alan Davis Mar 2016

Chapter 1 Program Improvement: Cause For Cautious Optimism And A Call For Much More Research, Sam Stringfield, Shelley Billig, Alan Davis

Alan Davis

No abstract provided.


Critical Friends' Perspectives On Problems Of Practice And Inquiry In An Edd Program [Book Chapter], Deanna Sands, Connie Fulmer, Alan Davis, Shelley Zion, Rodney Blunck, Nancy Leech, Ron Tzur, Maria Ruiz-Primo Mar 2016

Critical Friends' Perspectives On Problems Of Practice And Inquiry In An Edd Program [Book Chapter], Deanna Sands, Connie Fulmer, Alan Davis, Shelley Zion, Rodney Blunck, Nancy Leech, Ron Tzur, Maria Ruiz-Primo

Alan Davis

About this book: This volume demonstrates that Critical Friendship Theory can help distinguish education doctorate (EdD) programs from research doctorates (education PhDs). Drawing on multiple, detailed case studies of CFT implementation at universities, it covers curriculum and implementation, online and in-person education, challenges, and strategies for success.


Changing Deferral Patterns : The Influence Of Growth, Changing Support And Geography, Sheldon Rothman, Daniel Edwards Mar 2016

Changing Deferral Patterns : The Influence Of Growth, Changing Support And Geography, Sheldon Rothman, Daniel Edwards

Dr Sheldon Rothman

This research briefing examines changes in university deferral rates over the period from 2008 to 2012. The focus of the analysis is on Victorian school leavers, whose transitions after school completion are followed through the 'On Track' survey. The analysis explores the extent to which deferral rates for young people from rural areas have changed over this time, and the influence policy changes to financial support may have had on the decision to defer a university offer.


Snapshot Of Student Wellbeing, Petra Lietz Mar 2016

Snapshot Of Student Wellbeing, Petra Lietz

Dr Petra Lietz

A new study has found that most Australian children report high levels of wellbeing, but wellbeing varies by background, especially for a quarter of children who identify as marginalised. Petra Lietz examines the findings.


Constructivism And Instructional Design: Some Personal Reflections, Brent Wilson Mar 2016

Constructivism And Instructional Design: Some Personal Reflections, Brent Wilson

Brent Wilson

Some personal reflections on instructional design and its relation to constructivism are explored. Instructional design in its present form is out of sync with the times in that its orientation, methods, and research base are behavioristic, or positivistic. However, a constructivist theory of instructional design is possible, particularly if constructivism is recognized as a philosophy rather than a strategy. To better fit the needs of practitioners, instructional design theories need to be better grounded in a broad understanding of learning and instructional processes. Generic principles and specific heuristics are needed for dealing with recurring problems and situations in instructional design ...


Helping Students To Become Strategic Learners: The Roles Of Assessment, Teachers, Instruction And Students [Book Chapter], Claire Weinstein, T. Tomberlin, A. Julie, Jung-In Kim Feb 2016

Helping Students To Become Strategic Learners: The Roles Of Assessment, Teachers, Instruction And Students [Book Chapter], Claire Weinstein, T. Tomberlin, A. Julie, Jung-In Kim

Jung-In Kim

No abstract provided.


An Investigation Of Volunteer-Student Relationship Trajectories Within School-Based Youth Mentoring Programs, Thomas Keller, Julia Pryce Feb 2016

An Investigation Of Volunteer-Student Relationship Trajectories Within School-Based Youth Mentoring Programs, Thomas Keller, Julia Pryce

Julia Pryce

This prospective, mixed-method study investigates the development of school-based mentoring relationships using direct observations, in-depth interviews, and questionnaires from the perspective of mentors and students. A pattern-oriented analysis of qualitative data explores the diversity observed in the life-course of mentor-student relationships. Systematic variation in developmental trends across relationships revealed four distinctive groupings. Some relationships showed progressive improvement in strength and quality. Others started well but reached a plateau and did not become particularly close. A third group struggled throughout to make a connection. Finally, some relationships succeeded after a breakthrough to overcome their challenges. These inductively derived categories are corroborated ...


From The Inside In: An Examination Of Common Core Knowledge & Communication In Schools, Jonathan Supovitz, Ryan Fink, Bobbi Newman Feb 2016

From The Inside In: An Examination Of Common Core Knowledge & Communication In Schools, Jonathan Supovitz, Ryan Fink, Bobbi Newman

Bobbi Newman

In this report, CPRE researchers explore how Common Core knowledge and influence are distributed inside of schools and how these configurations may help teachers to engage with the Common Core and influence their understanding and implementation. To do so, we used a mixed-method approach to examine knowledge and influence in eight schools, including five elementary schools and three middle schools. Our central method was a survey of knowledge and influence of all faculty members in a sample of eight schools. These data are supplemented with interview data from a purposeful sample of teachers and administrators in the eight schools.

Sponsored ...


Evaluation Of The Ge Foundation-Supported Demonstration Schools Initiative In Milwaukee Public Schools, Sy 2012-2013, Cecile Sam, Anne Darfler, Jonathan Supovitz, Daniella Hall, Bobbi Newman Feb 2016

Evaluation Of The Ge Foundation-Supported Demonstration Schools Initiative In Milwaukee Public Schools, Sy 2012-2013, Cecile Sam, Anne Darfler, Jonathan Supovitz, Daniella Hall, Bobbi Newman

Bobbi Newman

The Milwaukee Public School district (MPS) Demonstration Schools Initiative provided intensive support to 10 MPS elementary and middle schools implementing the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in mathematics and English language arts. This evaluation report was designed to answer two overarching questions: How did MPS implement the Demonstration Schools Initiative in Year One, and what factors shaped the implementation? Is there evidence of teachers' adoption of the instructional shifts associated with the CCSS? This evaluation found that teachers in the Demonstration Schools ended the 2012-2013 school year with significantly higher CCSS knowledge in both mathematics and English language arts than ...


The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith Feb 2016

The Role Of The Common Core In The Gubernatorial Elections Of 2014, Jonathan Supovitz, Bobbi Newman, Ariel Smith

Bobbi Newman

After the Spring 2014 primaries, the Common Core State Standards were viewed as a political hot potato. As former Arkansas Governor Mike Huckabee said, “the Common Core has become toxic, I think it’s radioactive…It has become an incredibly controversial topic on both the left and the right.” Even so, the Common Core turned out to play a role in some of the governor’s races in November 2014. In this analysis of candidate positions and the role of the Common Core across the 36 gubernatorial races of 2014, CPRE researchers Bobbi Newman, Jonathan Supovitz and Arial Smith used ...


Evaluation Of The Ge Foundation-Supported Coaching & Demonstration Schools Initiative In Erie Public Schools, Sy 2012-2013, Jonathan Supovitz, Cecile Sam, Bobbi Newman, Anne Darfler Feb 2016

Evaluation Of The Ge Foundation-Supported Coaching & Demonstration Schools Initiative In Erie Public Schools, Sy 2012-2013, Jonathan Supovitz, Cecile Sam, Bobbi Newman, Anne Darfler

Bobbi Newman

This evaluation report summarizes the evidence of the implementation and early impacts of the General Electric Foundation’s (GEF) Demonstration Schools Initiative in the Erie Public School district (EPS) conducted by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) during the 2012-2013 school year. The Demonstration Schools Initiative provided intensive support to four schools (two elementary, one middle, and one high) implementing the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) in mathematics and English language arts. Concurrently during the 2012- 2013 school year, EPS also continued their implementation of another GEF-supported initiative— the Coaching Initiative—using a cadre of instructional coaches in ...