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Disability and Equity in Education

2000

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Peer Perceptions Of Students Without Learning Disabilities Toward Students With Disabilities And A Self Perceptions Of Students With Learning Disabilities, Vernell Greene Scott Dec 2000

Peer Perceptions Of Students Without Learning Disabilities Toward Students With Disabilities And A Self Perceptions Of Students With Learning Disabilities, Vernell Greene Scott

Theses, Dissertations & Honors Papers

The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of the nondisabled students toward students with learning disabilities and the self perceptions of learning disabled students. A survey research design was used for this study. Subjects were students in grades 6-8 with and without disabilities from a rural area in Virginia. The participants who were chosen were general and special education students at the middle school level.

The results from this study showed on most issues the two groups agreed, on such topics as friendship, social gathering, and favoritism. Findings indicated students without disabilities are accepting students with disabilities ...


The Effect Of Presentation Media On Student Reading Comprehension, Jeffrey T. Conklin Dec 2000

The Effect Of Presentation Media On Student Reading Comprehension, Jeffrey T. Conklin

Dissertations

The purpose o f this study was to investigate the effect of display media on reading comprehension in students with learning disabilities. This research examined two types o f display media, computer screen and paper.

Three groups of subjects were used in this study: (1) readers with learning disabilities, (2) low achieving readers, and (3) average readers. Three instruments were used to gather performance data in this study: a) a standardized measure o f reading comprehension, b) a measure of individual passage comprehension, and c) a measure of vocabulary knowledge using words from the experimental passages.

The data presented in ...


Does Regulation Drive Out Competition In Pharmaceutical Markets?*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Li-Wei Chao Oct 2000

Does Regulation Drive Out Competition In Pharmaceutical Markets?*, Patricia. M. Danzon, Li-Wei Chao

Health Care Management Papers

Most countries regulate pharmaceutical prices, either directly or indirectly, on the assumption that competition is at best weak in this industry. This paper tests the hypothesis that regulation of manufacturer prices and retail pharmacy margins undermines price competition. We use data from seven countries for 1992 to examine price competition between generic competitors (different manufacturers of the same compound) and therapeutic substitutes (similar compounds) under different regulatory regimes. We find that price competition between generic competitors is significant in unregulated or less regulated markets (United States, United Kingdom, Canada, and Germany) but that regulation undermines generic competition in strict regulatory ...


Moving A University Or College Toward A Lifelong Learning Orientation, John A. Henschke Edd Oct 2000

Moving A University Or College Toward A Lifelong Learning Orientation, John A. Henschke Edd

IACE Hall of Fame Repository

Extensive research and experiences have been conducted in to the processes necessary for moving a university or college toward a lifelong learning orientation. These ideas are presented here for consideration and assistance for these who wish to implement and test the ideas in new and different contexts. This paper focuses on the following elements: A definition of lifelong learning; Criteria producing a solution to today's lifelong learning issues, Faculty development of good practice oriented toward understanding and helping adults learn; Domains for planning and implementing a successful lifelong learning institution; Understanding developments that will change the environment in which ...


Research To Practice: Self-Determination And Struggle In The Lives Of Adolescents, Mairead Moloney, Jean Whitney-Thomas, Danielle Dreilinger Sep 2000

Research To Practice: Self-Determination And Struggle In The Lives Of Adolescents, Mairead Moloney, Jean Whitney-Thomas, Danielle Dreilinger

Research to Practice Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

As students of all ability levels move into adulthood, they seek to define themselves and develop goals for the future. This study identifies four categories of students and offering targeted suggestions for support.


The Prevalence-Based Need For Adapted Physical Education Teachers In The United States, Jiabei Zhang Jul 2000

The Prevalence-Based Need For Adapted Physical Education Teachers In The United States, Jiabei Zhang

Human Performance and Health Education Faculty Research

The purpose was to develop a method for projecting the need for adapted physical education (APE) teachers in the public schools in the United States. This method was derived from a prevalence-based model---dividing the nurn- ber of APE students enrolled by the APE student-teacher ratio and then sub- tracting the number of APE teachers hired. This model used the findings of Kelly and Gansneder (1998) that (a) 4% of the school population required APE services and (b) the overall national APE student-teacher ratio was 104: 1. The results revealed a need for 22,116 additional APE teachers nationwide as well ...


Brain Gym And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Third Grade Students With Learning Disabilities, Stacey P. Bundens May 2000

Brain Gym And Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Third Grade Students With Learning Disabilities, Stacey P. Bundens

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to research the effects of the Edu-K/Brain Gym program on the reading abilities of learning disabled students. Fourteen students who had been diagnosed as learning disabled and enrolled in a self-contained third grade classroom participated in this study. The experimental group received fourteen days of treatment twice a day for ten minutes. The control group received no treatment. Pre- and post-test measures on the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test were compared to determine the progress of the students.

The data shows that the experimental group made only slight gains in the area of Word ...


An Evaluation Of The Major Barriers/Limitations Of Collaborative Teaching In The Middle School Inclusive Setting, Lisa Barcklow May 2000

An Evaluation Of The Major Barriers/Limitations Of Collaborative Teaching In The Middle School Inclusive Setting, Lisa Barcklow

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to identify the major barriers/limitations of collaborative teaching in the middle school inclusive setting and assist teachers and administrators in developing effective strategies to enhance successful collaborative teaching efforts. Professional educators working in a collaborative inclusive middle school setting were selected through the district of Gloucester Township. Regular education teachers and special education teachers were asked to respond to questions addressing the necessary elements needed for effective collaboration.

To accomplish the general purpose of this study, questions focused on the following factors: 1) the elements necessary for successful collaborative teaching, 2) areas in ...


Discipline For The Twenty First Century: Giving Back Dignity To Students With Severe Behavior Disorders, Kimberly S. Devers May 2000

Discipline For The Twenty First Century: Giving Back Dignity To Students With Severe Behavior Disorders, Kimberly S. Devers

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of the "Discipline with Dignity" program in increasing appropriate behaviors in the classroom setting. The Revised Behavior Checklist was completed by the classroom teacher for four students in each classroom, to establish a degree or frequency of problem behaviors and to designate a target behavior for which to focus upon. After five months, the behaviors of the eight students were again rated by the checklist to determine if there was any change. The study revealed that on the pretest checklist the students scored the highest in the area of conduct ...


An Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of A Phonological Awareness Program For Learning Disabled Resource Students Of Average Intelligence, Edna H. Garrison May 2000

An Evaluation Of The Efficacy Of A Phonological Awareness Program For Learning Disabled Resource Students Of Average Intelligence, Edna H. Garrison

Theses and Dissertations

This study was designed to analyze the efficacy of a phonological awareness program on a group of learning disabled resource students of average intelligence. The participating group, consisting of five second and two third grade students, underwent phonemic awareness training sessions for six months, once daily for 15 minutes. The subjects were trained in the "Phonological Awareness Program"(1995). They were asked to complete pre and post tests using the Phonological Awareness Test (1997).

Average gains in the area of rhyming, segmentation, isolation, deletion, substitution, blending, graphemes, and decoding were calculated, totaled and analyzed. Results indicated that formal phonemic awareness ...


A Listing Of Modifications, Models, And Teaching Roles Utilized By Inclusion Teachers At A Secondary School, Bruce N. Krout May 2000

A Listing Of Modifications, Models, And Teaching Roles Utilized By Inclusion Teachers At A Secondary School, Bruce N. Krout

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine which modifications, teaching roles, and responsibilities the regular and special education team teachers use to give support in inclusive secondary classrooms. The co-teachers were asked to make recommendations to improve inclusion program effectiveness. The information was collected through a questionnaire disseminated to seven regular educators and five special educators who team-teach in grades seven to twelve. The percentages of the teachers' responses were reported along with a list of teacher recommendations.

The first part of the questionnaire included a checklist of classroom modifications related to classroom organization, instructional methodology, assignment adaptations, testing ...


A Study To Determine The Basis Of Attrition Among Learning Disabilities Teacher/Consultants, Julie M. Mason May 2000

A Study To Determine The Basis Of Attrition Among Learning Disabilities Teacher/Consultants, Julie M. Mason

Theses and Dissertations

Fourteen certified learning disabilities teacher/consultants (LDT/C's) who are not working in that position were identified by the child study team director from their district. All fourteen responded to a survey that asked them to characterize their feelings about certain statements that pertained to the LDT/C position. A Likert rating scale was used to show how strongly the respondents agreed or disagreed with the statement.

Results were analyzed and it was revealed that five out of the fourteen who responded never worked as an LDT/C. Upon further review, it was also discovered that not one statement ...


A Study Of Board Members' Knowledge Of Idea And New Jersey's Special Education Code, Susan Lynne Geverd May 2000

A Study Of Board Members' Knowledge Of Idea And New Jersey's Special Education Code, Susan Lynne Geverd

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to obtain information regarding the level of understanding that local school board members have in reference to IDEA and the New Jersey Special Education Code. A questionnaire was devised that contained twelve items in regards to least restrictive environment, free and appropriate education, the IEP process, evaluation procedures and parental rights. Thirty-six questionnaires were distributed to a convenience group composed of a school superintendent and board members. The sample represented four different counties in New Jersey. A total of 16 questionnaires were returned. It was found that out of the 16 respondents, 5 answered ...


The Effects Of Block Scheduling On Students With Special Needs, Kimberly C. Seifring May 2000

The Effects Of Block Scheduling On Students With Special Needs, Kimberly C. Seifring

Theses and Dissertations

This study surveyed the professionals from two schools in the southern New Jersey area regarding their views of block scheduling as well as their views on the effectiveness of block scheduling among students with special needs. A total of 243 surveys were distributed and 61 were returned. The survey questioned the teachers in regards to the changes they had to incorporate into their daily instructional time upon switching to block scheduling, the advantages and disadvantages of block scheduling, and how to ensure that students with special needs experience success while participating in a block schedule. A majority of the participants ...


The Effect Of An Inclusive Program On Teachers, Anne Grady Apr 2000

The Effect Of An Inclusive Program On Teachers, Anne Grady

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine how critical collaborative teams of regular education and special education teachers operate, what strategies are presently in use and what can be done to foster success in the future in inclusive settings. The subjects of this study consisted of eight pairs of regular and special education teachers forming collaborative pairs. All participants volunteered to complete the survey instrument. The responses were analyzed by using content analysis. Many of the educators' responses were positive concerning inclusion and in-class support. However, there are some concerns reported for the implementation of this program in the ...


Teaching And Assessing The Writing Process, Gail H. Biros Apr 2000

Teaching And Assessing The Writing Process, Gail H. Biros

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to provide valuable information regarding the assessment and teaching of writing skills. Although students spend time writing stories, they do not write frequently enough to learn the basic skills of writing. Just as teachers learned that children needed direct instruction in reading skills to make "Whole Language" successful, similarly writing must be taught utilizing direct instruction of specific skills.

There are few reliable and valid assessment tools in the written language domain. A comprehensive assessment tool is needed at the beginning of the school year to help the teacher focus on the individual student ...


Action: School Services - Respondent #2, Judy Montgomery, Phd, Ccc-Slp, Associate Professor, Chapman University, Judith Montgomery Apr 2000

Action: School Services - Respondent #2, Judy Montgomery, Phd, Ccc-Slp, Associate Professor, Chapman University, Judith Montgomery

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

Presents news briefs related to school health services in the United States, as of April 2000. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's establishment of a professional issues forum on its Web site; Educational opportunities for disabled children resulting from the reauthorization of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act; Documents developed by ASHA as a result of an ASHA 1999 Priority Issue.


Research To Practice: Building A Future: Working With The Post-High School Expectations Of Students & Parents, Jennifer Schuster, Steven Graham, Mairead Moloney Apr 2000

Research To Practice: Building A Future: Working With The Post-High School Expectations Of Students & Parents, Jennifer Schuster, Steven Graham, Mairead Moloney

Research to Practice Series, Institute for Community Inclusion

This brief examined the circumstances that accompany high expectations for the future for Massachusetts high school students who receive special education services and their parents. Includes recommendations on how to build and fulfill students' goals for adulthood.


Racial/Ethnic Group Differences In The Realization Of Educational Plans, Laura W. Perna Apr 2000

Racial/Ethnic Group Differences In The Realization Of Educational Plans, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This study examines racial/ethnic group differences in two-and four-year college enrollment rates of bachelor's degree aspirants,controlled for differences in expected costs and benefits, financial resources, academic characteristics, and social and cultural capital. The sample (n=7,832) is drawn from the National Educational Longitudinal Study(NELS:90/94), which surveys students during middle and high school and two years after high school. The study finds that despite an increase in the predisposition toward college, only 28 percent of African Americans and 20 percent of Hispanics were actually enrolled in a four-year institution during the fall after their ...


Seeing Through A Glass Darkly: The Supreme Court's Narrowed Definition Of Disability, Scott E. Ferrin Mar 2000

Seeing Through A Glass Darkly: The Supreme Court's Narrowed Definition Of Disability, Scott E. Ferrin

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Functional Behavioral Assessment: Process Without Procedure, Cynthia A. Dieterich, Christine J. Villani Mar 2000

Functional Behavioral Assessment: Process Without Procedure, Cynthia A. Dieterich, Christine J. Villani

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Transfer Of Rights Under The Individuals With Disabilities Act: Adulthood With Ability Or Disability?, Deborah Rebore, Perry Zirkel Mar 2000

Transfer Of Rights Under The Individuals With Disabilities Act: Adulthood With Ability Or Disability?, Deborah Rebore, Perry Zirkel

Brigham Young University Education and Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Differences In The Decision To Attend College Among African Americans, Hispanics, And Whites, Laura W. Perna Mar 2000

Differences In The Decision To Attend College Among African Americans, Hispanics, And Whites, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Over the past decade, the number of African American and Hispanic undergraduates enrolled in colleges and universities nationwide has increased by 32% and 98%, respectively, whereas the number of White undergraduates has declined by 1% (Nettles & Perna, 1997). Over the same period, the number of bachelor's degrees awarded increased by 43% for African Americans and 90% for Hispanics, com- pared with an 11% increase for Whites. Although more African Americans and Hispanics are attending college and receiving degrees than ever before (Nettles & Perna, 1997), African Americans and Hispanics continue to be underrepresented among both undergraduates (at 10.0% and 8.0%, respectively) and bachelor's degree recipients (7.0% and 4.2%) relative to their representation in the traditional college-age population (14.3% and 13.7%).

Although much is known about the factors that affect college attendance, only recently have researchers begun to explore variations in college enrollment behavior among students of different racial/ethnic groups (e.g., Freeman, 1997; Hurtado, Inkelas, Briggs, & Rhee, 1997; Jackson, 1990; McDonough, Antonio, & Trent, 1997; St. John & Noell, 1989). Freeman (1997) examined the barriers African American high- school students perceive to limit access to higher education for African Americans. McDonough, Antonio, and Trent (1997) explored differences in the variables related to the decision of African Americans to at- tend historically Black rather than predominantly White institutions. Hurtado and her colleagues (1997) examined ...


Assessing The Impact Of Sustained Professional Development On Middle School Mathematics Teachers, Joanne E. Goodell, Lesley H. Parker, Jane Butler Kahle Jan 2000

Assessing The Impact Of Sustained Professional Development On Middle School Mathematics Teachers, Joanne E. Goodell, Lesley H. Parker, Jane Butler Kahle

Teacher Education Faculty Publications

The study reported in this paper examines the impact of the Ohio Statewide Systemic Initiative (SSI) on participating mathematics teachers. Quantitative data from 90 SSI-trained teachers and 400 teachers without training, along with qualitative data collected from seven SSI teachers who were visited in their classrooms are presented. Analysis of the quantitative data showed that SSI and Non-SSI teachers reported significantly different frequencies of reformed teaching practices and held significantly different views about the nature and pedagogy of mathematics. Qualitative data from the interviews highlighted that the SSI professional development experience, the ability to find creative ways to overcome lack ...


Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Bill Pankratius, Lisa Bendixen, Joyce Nelson-Leaf Jan 2000

Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Bill Pankratius, Lisa Bendixen, Joyce Nelson-Leaf

Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter

A newsletter discussing a variety of topics dealing with multicultural topics and diversity in education.


Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Bill Pankratius, Lisa Bendixen, Joyce Nelson-Leaf Jan 2000

Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Bill Pankratius, Lisa Bendixen, Joyce Nelson-Leaf

Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter

A newsletter discussing a variety of topics dealing with multicultural topics and diversity in education.


Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Bill Pankratius, Lisa Bendixen, Rebecca Nathanson Jan 2000

Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Bill Pankratius, Lisa Bendixen, Rebecca Nathanson

Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter

A newsletter discussing a variety of topics dealing with multicultural topics and diversity in education.


Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Lisa Bendixen, Jennifer L. Fabbi, Rebecca Nathanson Jan 2000

Unlv College Of Education Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter, Steve Mccafferty, John Filler, Nancy P. Gallavan, Le Ann Putney, Nancy Sileo, Kyle Higgins, Porter Troutman, Paul Meacham, Cyndi Giorgis, Aimee Govett, Jean Henry, Lisa Bendixen, Jennifer L. Fabbi, Rebecca Nathanson

Multicultural & Diversity Newsletter

A newsletter discussing a variety of topics dealing with multicultural topics and diversity in education.


Literature Review : Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes About Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Bruna Bekle Jan 2000

Literature Review : Teachers' Knowledge And Attitudes About Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd), Bruna Bekle

Theses : Honours

ADHD is a neuro-developmental disorder that is diagnosed in 3 to 6% of the childhood population in a diversity of cultures and a variety of geographical locations. It presents as a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity, with boys being over-represented by approximately 3 to 1. High levels of comorbidity between ADHD and a number of other disorders, including Oppositional Defiant Disorder, Conduct Disorder, and learning disabilities, have been identified. This review will examine the historical development of the understanding of ADHD, knowledge of its etiology, and the influence of this disorder in the school environment. In particular, it ...


Welcome, Patricia R. Renick Ph.D. Jan 2000

Welcome, Patricia R. Renick Ph.D.

Electronic Journal for Inclusive Education

WELCOME, to the third edition of the Electronic Journal of Inclusive Education. As you can see this is a work in progress. Articles are being revised and will go on-line when we receive them. So continue to stop in and read how the journal is taking shape.

In the mean time, please take a look at the article concerning creating laboratory access for students with disabilities (C.L.A.S.S.). This project has been chosen by the National Science Foundation as a model for teacher preparation and is an ongoing project here at Wright State University. One of the ...