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Curriculum and Instruction

1997

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Articles 1 - 30 of 229

Full-Text Articles in Education

The Internet Pyramid, Ann Johnston Dec 1997

The Internet Pyramid, Ann Johnston

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

Many activity-based articles describe how the Internet can help develop higher level thinking skills. But these skills can be used and assessed only after students have a basic working knowledge of the Internet. This article presents a framework for teaching elementary students to use the Internet in the one-computer classroom.


Block Scheduling: From Possibility To Reality?, Frederic M. Muse Dec 1997

Block Scheduling: From Possibility To Reality?, Frederic M. Muse

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examines teacher practices and student learning as perceived by teachers within public high schools that have implemented block scheduling. Comparisons are made between the possibilities advanced by block scheduling advocates and the actual results as interpreted from the data gathered. Comparisons are made between teaching and learning with the traditional schedule and the manner in which it takes place with block scheduling. Open-ended questionnaires were developed for use with voluntary participants who had worked with traditional scheduling and now taught with some form of block scheduling. Participants recorded observations based solely upon personal perceptions of experiences with students ...


Implications Of Extended College Algebra On Western Kentucky University Students, Julie Anne Baker Dec 1997

Implications Of Extended College Algebra On Western Kentucky University Students, Julie Anne Baker

Honors College Capstone Experience/Thesis Projects

College algebra has the highest enrollment of any mathematics course at Western Kentucky University. In an effort to increase the success rate in this course, Western Kentucky University added an extended version of college algebra to the curriculum in the fall of 1997. The extended version incorporates two days of supervised study per week in addition to traditional lectures. This study investigates the success of the extended college algebra course on achievement rates of Western Kentucky University students.


Preschooler’S Perception About Reading: Is There A Correlation Between Interest Level And Reading Concept Development Among Emergent Readers?, Julie Waldinger Lercher Dec 1997

Preschooler’S Perception About Reading: Is There A Correlation Between Interest Level And Reading Concept Development Among Emergent Readers?, Julie Waldinger Lercher

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine preschoolers' interest levels in reading and their knowledge of basic reading concepts to determine if there is a statistically significant correlation between interest and concept development. In addition, preschoolers were asked twelve questions to determine their understanding of the reading process to see if any trends emerge such as age and sex.

Forty preschoolers (20 male--20 female), ages 3 and 4, participated in this study. The subjects were selected from preschools across Monroe County in upper New York State. Data were collected from preschoolers' teachers and in 1:1 sessions with the preschoolers. The ...


Programmed Instruction: Within-Subject Analysis Of Four Types Of Instructional Material, Matthew L. Miller Dec 1997

Programmed Instruction: Within-Subject Analysis Of Four Types Of Instructional Material, Matthew L. Miller

Dissertations

Skinner (1958) expressed the need for an increase in the effectiveness and efficiency of education. In particular, he suggested that programmed instruction could provide such efficiency. The present study used a within-subject design to compare the effects of four types of instructional materials: those requiring overt construction responses, overt discrimination responses, covert reading of text with highlighted key words, and covert reading of standard text. The material requiring overt responding produced greater learning than did the covert reading materials, with or without highlighting. There was no difference found between the two types of overt responding; nor were there differences between ...


A Portrait Of Assessment In Reformed Mathematics Classrooms, James R. Kett Dec 1997

A Portrait Of Assessment In Reformed Mathematics Classrooms, James R. Kett

Dissertations

During the past decade, the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics published three documents (1989, 1991, 1995) which propose changes in content, instruction, and assessment. These documents call for instructional and assessment goals that support students as they construct their own meaning to mathematics. A next step is to develop assessment models consistent with these goals which would guide and support classroom teachers.

As a result of mathematics reform, many curriculum development projects are underway. One such project is the Core-Plus Mathematics Project (CPMP) . This research documents the assessment practices of four CPMP teachers working in 9th and 10th grade ...


Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond Nov 1997

Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond

CPRE Research Reports

Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. The study sought to detail alternative ways of deploying instructional resources in order to provide concrete alternatives to traditional organization of teachers and to quantify objectively the ways in which these schools use resources differently depending on their instructional goals and strategies. Although the schools studied looked ...


Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond Nov 1997

Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond

CPRE Research Reports

Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. The study sought to detail alternative ways of deploying instructional resources in order to provide concrete alternatives to traditional organization of teachers and to quantify objectively the ways in which these schools use resources differently depending on their instructional goals and strategies. Although the schools studied looked ...


Unlv Magazine, Barbara Cloud, Laurie Fruth Oct 1997

Unlv Magazine, Barbara Cloud, Laurie Fruth

UNLV Magazine

No abstract provided.


1997-1998 Undergraduate Catalog, Morehead State University. Oct 1997

1997-1998 Undergraduate Catalog, Morehead State University.

Morehead State Catalog Archives

1997-1998 undergraduate catalog of Morehead State University.


1997-1998 Academic Catalog, Cedarville College Oct 1997

1997-1998 Academic Catalog, Cedarville College

Undergraduate Academic Catalogs

No abstract provided.


First Lessons: Charter Schools As Learning Communities, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Noelle Griffin Sep 1997

First Lessons: Charter Schools As Learning Communities, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Noelle Griffin

CPRE Policy Briefs

Twenty-eight states, over the past six years, have authorized the creation of charter schools as an alternative form of public education. Charter schools are seen as opportunities to create highperforming learning communities, with improved student performance and other positive results as the goals of these new institutions.

The creation of high-performing learning communities is central to the success of charter schools, but we need to know if these schools, as currently constituted under their enabling legislation, are capable of creating such learning communities. We want to know what elements help to build or to obstruct these learning communities. To answer ...


Updating Undergraduate Graphic Design Programs: Recommendations For Including Communications And A History Of Technology In Graphic Design Education In Order To Better Prepare Graphic Design Students For Their Profession, Jacquie Drews Aug 1997

Updating Undergraduate Graphic Design Programs: Recommendations For Including Communications And A History Of Technology In Graphic Design Education In Order To Better Prepare Graphic Design Students For Their Profession, Jacquie Drews

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies (MALS) Student Scholarship

The knowledge required for today's graphic design students to become well-rounded communication professionals is changing due to new technologies and new communication media. Revising educational curricula to satisfy these new needs must be addressed in the undergraduate graphic design programs that are currently being offered by art schools, colleges, and universities.

A review of the literature, along with surveys of selected design firms in the Washington, DC area and professors at institutions offering undergraduate graphic design degrees, shows that communications studies and a background in the history of technology are two additional curriculum areas that would help to better ...


Teaching The Presidential Elections: A Social Studies/Service Learning Teaching Unit For The Middle Grades, Lisa M. Greco Aug 1997

Teaching The Presidential Elections: A Social Studies/Service Learning Teaching Unit For The Middle Grades, Lisa M. Greco

Curriculum

Teaching the Presidential Elections by Lisa M. Greco is the first in a series of exemplary curriculum units on social studies and service learning developed by public school teachers and compiled by the Eastern Regional Information Center, School of Education, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The idea for a series of curriculum units came from the National Service Learning Cooperative and the K-12 Learn and Serve America Clearinghouse who are affiliated with the ERIC Clearinghouse on Social Studies and Social Science Education. Both organizations wanted to showcase models of integrating service learning into history and social studies classes in elementary and ...


A Curriculum Addressing Issues Of Hunger And Food Security For Minnesota Youth, Fighting Hunger In Minnesota Aug 1997

A Curriculum Addressing Issues Of Hunger And Food Security For Minnesota Youth, Fighting Hunger In Minnesota

Curriculum

Children have an incredible capacity for understanding the problems of other children, but often lack the opportunities to participate in the solutions. In order to provide children with that opportunity, Hunger Partners of Minnesota has produced "Kids for Kids: Fighting Hunger in Minnesota." "Kids for Kids" is designed to help children develop an awareness about hunger, understand the extent of the problem in their community and state, and motivate them to respond to their community's needs.


Women's History Through Quilting, Tricia J. Lea Aug 1997

Women's History Through Quilting, Tricia J. Lea

Curriculum

Women's History Through Quilting by Tricia J. Lea is the second in a series of exemplary curriculum units on social studies and service learning developed by public school teachers and compiled by the Eastern Regional Information Center, School of Education, University of Massachusetts Amherst.

The idea for a series of curriculum units came from the National Service Learning Cooperative and the K-12 Learn and Serve America Clearinghouse who are affiliated with the ERIC Oearinghouse on Social Studies and Social Science Education. Both organizations wanted to showcase models of integrating service learning into history and social studies classes in elementary ...


Do Students In The Fifth-Grade Benefit From The Writing Workshop With Regard To Their Scores On The New York State Fifth-Grade Writing Test?, Lisa E. Torrell Aug 1997

Do Students In The Fifth-Grade Benefit From The Writing Workshop With Regard To Their Scores On The New York State Fifth-Grade Writing Test?, Lisa E. Torrell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

There are two very different approaches being used in classrooms today with regards to teaching writing. A traditional approach to teaching writing might include using a grammar textbook and/or a workbook. A holistic approach to teaching writing believes that students learn to write by writing. Students move through the entire writing process, from prewriting to publishing, for each piece of work they create. This is called the Writing Workshop. More current research was needed to determine if one approach was more beneficial than the other.

In this longitudinal study, both approaches were taught in separate classrooms for an entire ...


The Effects Of The Advanced Placement Examination For Credit Policy By The Florida State Universities On The Acceleration Of A Student's Postsecundary Education, Denise A. Collado Jul 1997

The Effects Of The Advanced Placement Examination For Credit Policy By The Florida State Universities On The Acceleration Of A Student's Postsecundary Education, Denise A. Collado

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research study was to determine if the Advanced Placement program as it is recognized by the universities in the Florida State University System (SUS) truly serves as an acceleration mechanism for those students who enter an SUS institution with passing AP scores. Despite mandates which attempt to control uniformity of policy, each public university in Florida determines which courses will be exempted and the number of credits they will grant for passing Advanced Placement courses.

This is a descriptive study in which the AP policies of each of the SUS institutions were compared. Additionally, the college ...


Enhancing The Middle School Curriculum Through Service Learning, Ron Schukar Jul 1997

Enhancing The Middle School Curriculum Through Service Learning, Ron Schukar

Curriculum

On a warm April morning, 80 eighth-grade students from North Middle School in Aurora, Colorado, gathered in nearby Sand Creek Park to erect bat houses. "Why bat houses?" a local news reporter asked. "To control the insect population," one of the students answered. "We have reclaimed this park for all the plant and animal species that live here and for the people of our community who want to enjoy the surroundings," another student offered. "Because of the water and foliage, insects, especially mosquitoes, are a problem. We don't want the city to apply insecticides in the park, so we ...


Curriculum Development Via Literary And Musical Forms, Joel K. Haack Jul 1997

Curriculum Development Via Literary And Musical Forms, Joel K. Haack

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


The First Cams Project: A Humanistic Endeavor, Barbara A. Wainwright, Homer W. Austin Jul 1997

The First Cams Project: A Humanistic Endeavor, Barbara A. Wainwright, Homer W. Austin

Humanistic Mathematics Network Journal

No abstract provided.


Effects Of Social Skills Training On Kindergarten Students, Cindy Van Den Top Jul 1997

Effects Of Social Skills Training On Kindergarten Students, Cindy Van Den Top

Master of Education Program Theses

The effects of direct instruction in the area of social skill development were investigated. Students in three classes (a total of 50 students) were rated on a checklist of appropriate kindergarten social skills by their teacher. Two classes (29 students) were then instructed in social skill development while one class was given no specific instruction. When social skills were compared at the end of the eight week instructional time, both the experimental and control groups had improved, with boys improving at a greater rate than girls overall.


Internationalizing Business Education, D. Steven White Jun 1997

Internationalizing Business Education, D. Steven White

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Development Of Design Guiding Principles For Constructivist-Based Distance Learning Environments, Mary C. Herring Jun 1997

Development Of Design Guiding Principles For Constructivist-Based Distance Learning Environments, Mary C. Herring

Curriculum & Instruction Faculty Publications

K-12 teachers are struggling to design effective learning environments that meet the future needs of their students.A number of individuals have suggested that a relatively new theory of learning, constructivism, supports visions of the 21st century, technology-rich, classrooms. The role of technology in the learning process has steadily in-creased as access has opened classrooms to the world providing teachers and students with expanding learning opportunities. The advent of increased access to world-linking technology has increased the use of distance education to enrich and expand the learning landscape for students. To support and facilitate teachers responses to these changes in ...


Teachers' Training In Distance Education And Their Willingness To Use The Technology After The Completion Of Inservice Training, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Mary C. Herring Jun 1997

Teachers' Training In Distance Education And Their Willingness To Use The Technology After The Completion Of Inservice Training, Sanaa Abou-Dagga, Mary C. Herring

Curriculum & Instruction Faculty Publications

Education is changing. A paradigm shift has occurred within education as the world has moved from the industrial age to the information age (Reigeluth, 1994; Toff ler, 1990). This shift has provided educators with technological innovations that have created new environments of teaching and learning; environments that no longer support the "assembly line" view of industrialized education. Reigeluth (1994) describes industrialized education as education which treats all students the same; all students are expected to do the same thing at the same time. This sameness forces students to be passive learners and passive members of their school community. Information age ...


National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard Jun 1997

National Science Education Reform And Its Effect On Science Education Reform In North Carolina, Kyle A. Leonard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to give a historical background of the progress of elementary science education reform from a national perspective and to then show the impact of that reform on North Carolina's efforts towards elementary science education reform. A comparison is made between the National Research Council's 1996 publication of the National Science Education Standards and North Carolina's 1994 publication of the new Standard Course of Study: Science K-12. The comparison shows that North Carolina has made an effort to incorporate the national vision of science education reform into its own vision of science ...


Volume 10, Number 02, Lana Wachniak Editor May 1997

Volume 10, Number 02, Lana Wachniak Editor

Reaching Through Teaching

Full text of Volume 10, Number 02 of Reaching Through Teaching.


The Relationship Of Experience, Education, And Tennessee Career Ladder Status To Teachers' Perceptions Of Staff Development Needs In Block Scheduled Programs, Rita S. Mullins May 1997

The Relationship Of Experience, Education, And Tennessee Career Ladder Status To Teachers' Perceptions Of Staff Development Needs In Block Scheduled Programs, Rita S. Mullins

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The problem related to this study was to develop a clearer understanding of the staff development needs of high school classroom teachers implementing block scheduled programs. The purpose of this study was to determine if teachers' perceptions of staff development needs differed when teaching experience, education (highest degree earned), and Tennessee Career Ladder status were considered. Four levels of each independent variable were analyzed by six categories of perceptions, the dependent variables. The categories were: (a) Planning, (b) Knowledge, (c) Satisfaction with staff development, (d) Adult learning strategies, (e) Level of involvement, and (f) Impact on student testing and grades ...


Teachers' Expressed Beliefs And Practices About Developmentally Appropriate Education Of Multi-Age And Single-Age Classrooms, Dale P. Lynch May 1997

Teachers' Expressed Beliefs And Practices About Developmentally Appropriate Education Of Multi-Age And Single-Age Classrooms, Dale P. Lynch

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine the expressed beliefs and practices about developmental education from early childhood teachers in Tennessee's First Educational District. A questionnaire measuring expressed beliefs and practices was administered to teachers (kindergarten through third grade) in public schools with both multi-age and single-age classrooms. The area of teaching specialization along with the number of years taught within the organization structure are paramount in the study. Teachers' expressed beliefs concerning the amount of outside influences with planning and implementing instruction are also noted. Educators were asked to respond to 36 likert-type items regarding their beliefs ...


The Experiencing Of Democracy And Progressive Education: A Constructivist Approach To Mathematics, A Workshop For Teachers, Preminda Langer May 1997

The Experiencing Of Democracy And Progressive Education: A Constructivist Approach To Mathematics, A Workshop For Teachers, Preminda Langer

Graduate Student Independent Studies

Chronicles the history of schooling in India, discusses the development of the constructivist classroom, and shares a series of math workshops for teachers for nursery and kindergarten classrooms in India.