Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 51

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Survey Of Selected Employers And Placement Counselors To Determine Sociocultural Factors In The Work Adjustment Of Navajo Students In Box Elder County, Utah, Dolores M. Keller May 1980

A Survey Of Selected Employers And Placement Counselors To Determine Sociocultural Factors In The Work Adjustment Of Navajo Students In Box Elder County, Utah, Dolores M. Keller

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The primary goal of vocational education is to prepare the student to successfully enter the world of work. While the present educational structure seems to work well for most Anglo-American students, there is evidence that the system is not effective with minority students. For example , in the case of Navajo students in government-sponsored technical schools, the dropout rate (60 percent) suggests that for Native American students there are serious problems in the educational process which need to be investigated and understood.

Because of the sharply different cultural background of the Navajo student a formidable barrier frequently exists between student and ...


Competencies Required Of High School Distributive Education Students For Entry-Level Employment In Selected Cedar City Businesses, Mervin W. Prince May 1979

Competencies Required Of High School Distributive Education Students For Entry-Level Employment In Selected Cedar City Businesses, Mervin W. Prince

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

"The preparation of youth to succeed in the world of work is an important objective of the American high school."1 Students enroll in high school distributive education to develop an employable skill. The instructional program provides students with a variety of learning activities related to their occupational goals.

Distributive education has expanded to serve the whole range of distributive occupations, after starting mainly as a means of training retail sales persons. An important characteristic of distributive education has been the necessity for rapid adjustment to the changing business conditions.


Interviewing Process Currently Being Utilized By Cache Valley Businesses In Hiring Office Workers, Angela M. Grimaldi May 1979

Interviewing Process Currently Being Utilized By Cache Valley Businesses In Hiring Office Workers, Angela M. Grimaldi

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The interview has been the "nerve center" in the hiring process for many years. The job interview has been defined by Heck and O'Neil (1976) as "A process of mutual inquiry between two individuals involving transmission and evaluation of information. Thus, the interview is a direct and mutual process of sharing and evaluating information" (p. 10).

Efficient utilization of an employment interview requires a clear definition of the specific purposes of the interview. First, the interview process is used as a preliminary screening to determine whether a more extensive interview is needed. Second, the interview is used as a ...


Job Qualification And Activities Of Post Secondary Cooperative Education Coordinators In Utah, Carl L. Grunander May 1978

Job Qualification And Activities Of Post Secondary Cooperative Education Coordinators In Utah, Carl L. Grunander

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

"While a 1973 English major tends bar in a local nightspot, a social work graduate labors in a steel mill. A math major washes dishes in Florida, an education graduate works as a bank teller and a psychology major serves cocktails in Maine." (Jolly & Pierce, 1976, p . 2) . As these examples point out, there is a great need for our institutions of higher learning to be more responsive to the needs of the job market today.

For the past several years, colleges and universities have been criticized on the basis that they do not prepare young people to assume their future role in business, industry, and government. The tightening job market in the 1970's has spotlighted the problem facing many college graduates-- What does one do after college? By 1975 the hiring of all college graduates was off by more than 60 percent from 1963, and off by more than 80 percent for those in liberal arts. About two-thirds of our college students in the United States are majors in the humanities, social sciences, and other liberal arts. And a recent survey by the College Placement Council revealed that most employers filled less than 10 percent of their new college hires from the ranks of liberal arts graduates. (Hyink, 1963, p. 6)

Many of our colleges and universities have already recognized these problems and have responded by changing and revising their programs. Cooperative education is one of the programs they are using and it is showing dramatic results. During the past ten years in the Seattle, Washington a r ea a cooperative education program called Seattle/ POC has placed into employment more than 4,000 Seattle area residents. These graduates have added 18 million dollars annually to the economy of the area (Jolly & Pierce, 1976, p. 1).

Cooperative education has proven itself as a program that can prepare individuals for the job market today . It is very important that we have well-trained personnel to administer these programs. We do not know much about the duties and responsibilities of the coordinator; if we did we could better train these coordinators for their very important assignments.


A Survey Study Of Employer And Student Interest In A Possible General Marketing Program At Snow College, Ephraim, Utah, Rick L. Dove May 1978

A Survey Study Of Employer And Student Interest In A Possible General Marketing Program At Snow College, Ephraim, Utah, Rick L. Dove

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

There are many definitions of distributive education. Lucy Crawford defines distributive education as follows:

Distributive education is a vocational instructional program designed to meet the needs of persons who have entered or are preparing to enter a distributive occupation or an occupation requiring competency in one or more of the marketing functions. It offers instruction in marketing, merchandising, related management and personal development. (Crawford & Meyer, 1972, p. 2)

Crawford and Meyer call distributive education "the people-center member of the vocational education family" (1972, p. vii) . Distributive education is a program of instruction for those who are interested in careers in the field of distribution. The instruction of the student is centered on the career objective of the student. Distributive education offers instruction for those who are already working in distributive occupations and for those who desire to enter distributive occupations. Post-secondary distributive education is designed for young and old; for those who have left high school; and for those who are enrolled as full-time students in a community college, junior college. or area vocational-technical school. The curriculum may be either a one-year or two-year design ...


A Study Of The Feasibility Of A Two-Year Retail Marketing Program At Southern Utah State College, John R. Pruitt May 1978

A Study Of The Feasibility Of A Two-Year Retail Marketing Program At Southern Utah State College, John R. Pruitt

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

According to Klieforth (1969), "technology, business, industry, communications, and other factors affecting our economic life are changing rapidly. Our educational system must keep up with these changes and prepare our youth for the world of work." Although many of our young people will desire a four-year degree (and in some cases, higher degrees), many are inclined toward a shorter, formal post-secondary education.

As evidenced by the phenomenal growth and development of the two-year colleges in the first half of this century (Goddard, 1962) many of our young people are looking at more vocational and technical education than ever before. This ...


A Follow-Up Study Of The Distributive Education Graduates Of Sky View High School 1972-1976, Thomas J. Broberg May 1978

A Follow-Up Study Of The Distributive Education Graduates Of Sky View High School 1972-1976, Thomas J. Broberg

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Distributive education is an instructional program that is designed to prepare people for careers in the distributive or marketing sector of the economy. Crawford and Meyer give a generally accepted definition of distributive education as:

... a vocational instructional program designed to meet the needs of persons who have entered or are preparing to enter a distributive occupation or an occupation requiring competency in one or more of the marketing functions. It offers instructions in marketing, merchandising, related management, and personal development (Crawford and Meyer, 1972, p.2)

Educators in the distributive education field traditionally have agreed that the curriculum should ...


Status Of Junior High School Typing Programs In The State Of Utah, Jane Frances Blair May 1978

Status Of Junior High School Typing Programs In The State Of Utah, Jane Frances Blair

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The following statement was made by Tonne, Popham, and Freeman in 1965:

With typewriting being offered in one-third of the junior high schools, with three-fourths of them starting this program within the last ten years, and with almost three-fourth of the schools reporting an increase in enrollment within the past year, it is obvious that a prospective typewriting teacher may well expect to find himself in a junior high school

Sanborn stated:

Personal-use typewriting belongs to the ninth grade, either in junior high school or in a four-year high school. Placed here, it not only affords the student the opportunity ...


A Follow-Up Of Weber State College's Cash Register Training Graduates, Curtis W. Youngman May 1977

A Follow-Up Of Weber State College's Cash Register Training Graduates, Curtis W. Youngman

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

As mass merchandising has become an important part of our American way of life and as competition has increased, marketers have recognized the need for a positive public image. Many retail store managers are now evaluating all inside selling activities to determine locations within the store that contribute to improved customer relations. The checkout station is considered one of the best areas for effective customer relations since the checker-cashier is of~en the only employee the customer contacts while shopping and since all customers must leave through the checkout area in many stores. Retail store managers recognize the need f ...


A Study To Determine What Utah Secondary Business Teachers Should Understand About Vocational Funding From The State Level To The School Level, Debbie L. Hymas May 1977

A Study To Determine What Utah Secondary Business Teachers Should Understand About Vocational Funding From The State Level To The School Level, Debbie L. Hymas

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The Vocational Education Act of 1963 was designed to eliminate the unresolved problems of the Smith-Hughes Act and the George-Barden Act. The main purpose of the Vocational Education Act of 196) was to assist the States in strengthening and improving their existing vocational programs . The Vocational Education Act of 196) has within its structure a plan whereby it is constantly updated . All groups and occupations were included in the Vocational Education Act of 196) , except those who were professionals or working toward bachelor 's or higher degrees. "The act requires each State and each community to plan its vocational education ...


An Evaluation By Former Students Of The Manpower Office Training Program Curriculum At Southern Utah State College, Constance W. Nyman May 1977

An Evaluation By Former Students Of The Manpower Office Training Program Curriculum At Southern Utah State College, Constance W. Nyman

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

A follow-up study of those students who exited the Manpower Office Training Program at Southern Utah State College, Cedar City, Utah, during the period from September l, 1974, through August 31, 1976, was conducted. Of the 49 students contacted, 48 responded to the questionnaire.

The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which the curriculum of the Manpower Office Training Program at Southern Utah State College, Cedar City, Utah, met the needs of the students. The majority of the Manpower Office Training Program students obtained employment in the related clerical/secretarial field upon completion of the program ...


A Study Of The Need For A Personal-Use Typewriting Class At Utah State University, Rolayne Day Earl May 1977

A Study Of The Need For A Personal-Use Typewriting Class At Utah State University, Rolayne Day Earl

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

As early as 1926, typewriting began to change from a strictly vocational skill to a multi-use skill that included nonvocational aspects. Since the skills required for vocational purposes are not the same as those required for personal use, typewriting instructors developed courses for those interested in learning personal-use typewriting.

The overall objective of a personal-use typewriting class is to equip the students with enough skill and knowledge to be able to express themselves "directly on paper without stumbling over the mechanics of either typing or language skills." The college class In personal-use typewriting is usually a one-semester class emphasizing composition ...


A Follow-Up Study Of Utah Skills Center-North Office Occupations Graduates And Employers, Roietta J. Goodwin May 1976

A Follow-Up Study Of Utah Skills Center-North Office Occupations Graduates And Employers, Roietta J. Goodwin

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The objective of vocational education is to provide any student with the necessary skills and knowledge that utilize [sic] the full potential of the student's abilities and provides the employer with an employee who is immediately productive with a minimum of retraining

The Vocational Education Act of 1963 was written to provide high-quality vocational training to people of all ages. The aim was to further opportunities for gainful employment and to satisfy needs, interests, and abilities. Between fiscal years 1963 and 1973, $2.5 billion was invested. The Manpower Development and Training Act's (MDTA) purpose was to assist ...


A Study To Determine Why Forkner Shorthand Students Do Or Do Not Enroll In The Intermediate And Advanced Levels Of Shorthand At Utah State University, Mary Diskin May 1976

A Study To Determine Why Forkner Shorthand Students Do Or Do Not Enroll In The Intermediate And Advanced Levels Of Shorthand At Utah State University, Mary Diskin

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Shorthand plays a very necessary part in preparing our office education students. There has been much discussion as to which type of writing system is more efficient. Some authorities in the field fee l that abbreviated longhand systems can be learned more easily than symbol systems.

According to Wagoner:

The usual advantages claimed for various abbreviated longhand systems are: the ease of converting from longhand to an abbreviated longhand system, a shorter learning period than a symbol system, and the ease of transcription. (1960, p. 21)

Since the Forkner system is based largely on what the learner already knows, the ...


A Follow-Up Study To Determine The Employment Status Of Utah State University Distributive Education Graduate, 1969-1973, Robert K. Shaw May 1976

A Follow-Up Study To Determine The Employment Status Of Utah State University Distributive Education Graduate, 1969-1973, Robert K. Shaw

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Those persons involved with the curriculum in the Business Education Department at Utah State University need to be kept informed of the current location and employment status of graduates from the distributive education program at that institution. This will enable them to keep abreast of the needs of the program for training teacher-coordinators and others to be employed in the field of distribution. If the graduates are employed in distributive education positions, a knowledge of their attitudes toward the curriculum they followed at the university will help in evaluating and upgrading to meet the needs of a changing world. Only ...


A Study Of The Interest In An Expanded Distributive Education Program At Bountiful High School, Donald Koenig May 1976

A Study Of The Interest In An Expanded Distributive Education Program At Bountiful High School, Donald Koenig

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Distributive education is concerned with the preparation of individuals for entry and advancement in careers in marketing and distribution. The field of distribution includes the following 19 occupational specializations:

a. Advertising Services

b. Apparel and Accessories

c. Automotive

d. Finance and Credit

e. Floristry

f. Food Distribution

g. Food Services

h. General Merchandise

i. Hardware, Building Materials, Farm and Gcirden Supplies and Equipment

j. Home Furnishings

k. Hotel and Lodging

I. Industrial Marketing

m. Insurance

n. Personal Services

o . Petroleum

p. Real Estate

q. Recreation and Tourism

r. Transportation

Distributive education is a sub-field of vocational education. Meyers, Crawford, and ...


A Study To Determine What Businessmen In Logan Know About The Cooperative Office Education Concept, Penelope Patz May 1976

A Study To Determine What Businessmen In Logan Know About The Cooperative Office Education Concept, Penelope Patz

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The first program of cooperative education was established in 1906, and by 1942 there were thirty programs in the country. During World War II, all cooperative programs were stopped in the interest of getting people through school as quickly as possible. When programs were resumed after the war, the pace picked up some, going from 26 programs in 1946 to 130 programs in 1968 (Ferris, 1969, p. 480).

The primary objective of cooperative vocational education is to turn out skilled, responsible young adults who upon graduation from high school can assume a productive place in our technical society. A successful ...


A Study To Determine Why Cache County, Utah, High School Students Do Or Do Not Enroll In Second-Year Shorthand, Rebecca B. Boswell May 1976

A Study To Determine Why Cache County, Utah, High School Students Do Or Do Not Enroll In Second-Year Shorthand, Rebecca B. Boswell

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

According to Wanous, the number of students enrolled in shorthand has increased steadily since 1926. However, Wanous states that the number of students enrolling in third and fourth semesters of shorthand is considerably smaller than the number of students enrolled in the first-year shorthand courses.

Anderson's study in which the transcription of first-year shorthand students has been analyzed shows that students can learn shorthand outlines during- the first year of shorthand, However, there is not enough time to acquire adequate skill in the taking of dictation or transcribing dictation to enable the students to obtain a stenographic position. In ...


The Development Of A Proposed Model Office Stimulation For Implementation At The College Of Eastern Utah, Faye Ladawn Torgerson May 1975

The Development Of A Proposed Model Office Stimulation For Implementation At The College Of Eastern Utah, Faye Ladawn Torgerson

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

A review of recent articles indicates that the effectiveness of simulation on Vocational Education has been substantiated. Many programs have been used throughout the United States which point out the success of office simulation.

Utah began simulation by converting trailers into mobile modern offices. The first class was taught in June, 1968, with a migrant farm worker project. The program was called MOE (Mobile Office Education). Hanson and Stocker were involved in the development and teaching of this program. They explain their ideas about a successful and effective simulation program:

It is a real organization of students formed under the ...


A Follow-Up Study Of Utah State University's Masters Degree Graduates In Business Education 1970-1974, Dana J. Wursten May 1975

A Follow-Up Study Of Utah State University's Masters Degree Graduates In Business Education 1970-1974, Dana J. Wursten

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

As society changes, current educational systems need to be evaluated and upgraded. Methods and procedures of teaching become outdated with constant technological advances. Predictions of the Bureau of Labor Statistics indicate, " ... more than 350,000 new clerical and related jobs will be added each year during the next decade."1 These projected workers will have to obtain training for their future careers. The business teacher has a responsibility to provide necessary training for students pursuing business careers.

How can these teachers prepare themselves to meet the needs of their students? An effective way for teachers to keep abreast of changes ...


The Career Image Of Women In Selected Retailing Firms In Cache County, Utah, Mary L. Waits May 1975

The Career Image Of Women In Selected Retailing Firms In Cache County, Utah, Mary L. Waits

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

"In essence, careers for women should not be any different from careers for men. Decisions with respect to gainful and satisfying employment for women should be made on the basis of occupational outlook and the demand for workers in the growth occupations as well as on individual interests and capabilities." (Careers For Women In The 70s , page 11).

In recent years, a great deal has been written and spoken about equal rights for women, with equal employment opportunities being in the forefront. The Women's Liberation Movement has in some way touched the lives of each individual within our society ...


An Analysis Of The Program For Education Professions Development Act, Part E, Fellowship Students At Utah State University, Ronald Max Rees May 1975

An Analysis Of The Program For Education Professions Development Act, Part E, Fellowship Students At Utah State University, Ronald Max Rees

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

From the time of the first school through the current schools of today, one of the greatest concerns of educators has been the development of curriculums. "Among the most important educational policies of schools are those pertaining to curriculum." (Kirst and Decker, 1972, p. 28) This concern has been echoed by many educators across the country including those at Utah State University. At Utah State the responsibility of the curriculum for the Education Professions Development Act, Part E, program (EPDA) belongs to the Business Education Department. The fiveyear old EPDA, Part E, program at Utah State University has been deeigned ...


A Curriculum For The Manpower Stenographic Training Program At Utah State University, Karen Olsen Holman May 1975

A Curriculum For The Manpower Stenographic Training Program At Utah State University, Karen Olsen Holman

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Substantial numbers of the workers potential to the labor force-- especially those in the disadvantaged sector of the population--will require remedial and/or refresher job training in a wide range of occupations.1

The Manpower Stenographic Training Program is a secretarial training course designed to enable female unemployed primary wage earners and heads of households to obtain this remedial and/or refresher job training necessary for entry-level positions in office occupations. Similar programs have operated at Utah State University since 1967 under the Manpower Development Training Act of 1962. The act was signed into law when Congress officially recognized the ...


An Investigation Of Uintah High School Cooperative Education Students' Technical Job Performance As Viewed By Their Training Sponsors, Cleo Jane Riding May 1975

An Investigation Of Uintah High School Cooperative Education Students' Technical Job Performance As Viewed By Their Training Sponsors, Cleo Jane Riding

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

In 1906 cooperative education was established by Dean Herman Schneider of the University of Cincinnati. Since that time legislation has been passed, such as the Vocational Act of 1963 and the Amendments of 1968, which have played an important part in the adoption of cooperative office education programs in the schools. Prior to 1963 there were approximately 450 programs, and in 1969-70 there were approximately 2,321 programs operating.

Douglas, Blanford, and Anderson, in their book Teaching Business Subjects state that "Cooperative education is a method of education that integrates learning experiences in the school with work experiences made available ...


The Development Of An Advisers' Handbook For Fbla And Pbl Chapters In Utah, Diane K. Linn May 1975

The Development Of An Advisers' Handbook For Fbla And Pbl Chapters In Utah, Diane K. Linn

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

The Future Business Leaders of America (FBLA) and Phi Beta Lambda (PBL) organizations serve the business youth of today--the business leaders of tomorrow. These organizations, founded by Hamden L. forkner, have been in existence since 1942. The first FBLA chapter was chartered at Johnson City, Tennessee; and the first PBL chapter was charted at Iowa State Teachers College, Cedar Falls, (now the University of Northern Iowa).1

Chapter growth has been rapid with the latest figures showing 4,587 FBLA chapters and 461 PBL chapters now in existence in 44 states and 3 territories.2

The Utah state chapter of ...


A Follow-Up Study Of Students Completing 1 Year Or Less In The Weber State College Secretarial Science Certificate Of Proficiency Program, Donna M. Roberts May 1975

A Follow-Up Study Of Students Completing 1 Year Or Less In The Weber State College Secretarial Science Certificate Of Proficiency Program, Donna M. Roberts

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Along with other curricular changes in the postsecondary schools of today has come an added emphasis upon business and business subjects. Elaborating on this specific statement concerning business subjects, Veon notes that it is the responsibility of the school and of the instructors to provide the student with the high quality vocational education that will enable that student to have a successful life by securing a good initial job and adapting himself to that vocation.1

Accordingly, in the past few years Weber State College has developed one-year and two-year programs in Secretarial Science designed to meet the specific vocational ...


An Analysis Of Selected Factors Related To Job Satisfaction As Determined By A Survey Of Business Teachers Employed In Utah Public High Schools, Patricia Dianne O'Reagan May 1974

An Analysis Of Selected Factors Related To Job Satisfaction As Determined By A Survey Of Business Teachers Employed In Utah Public High Schools, Patricia Dianne O'Reagan

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Origin and nature of the problem

Work is an important aspect of the total life experience. It has been estimated that man spends a total of one-third of his waking hours each week engaged in some type of work.

As an important aspect of life in our culture, satisfying work contributes to man's sense of general well-being and feeling of personal worth. Work that is not personally satisfying tends to have the opposite effects. (25, p. 329)

The above quote, taken from Siegel's Industrial Psychology, discusses an important problem in this age of technology--job satisfaction.

Several personal characteristics ...


The Implementation Of Career Education In The General Business Classes Of Cache County Junior High Schools, Katie Graham May 1974

The Implementation Of Career Education In The General Business Classes Of Cache County Junior High Schools, Katie Graham

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Career education is the goal of the seventies; the direction education will take, and the force that can give new meaning to all teaching techniques and classroom Instruction. More significantly, career education is the new power that can change for the good the lives of all students by assuring that every young person completing high school would be ready to either enter higher education or to secure useful and rewarding employment (17, p. 21). However, as emphasized by May, career education is on the launch pad and the count down has started, but the ultimate responsibility for getting career education ...


Utilization Of Shorthand Skill By Manpower Development And Training Act Graduates From Utah State University For The Years 1968 Through 1971, Janice W. Hobbs May 1973

Utilization Of Shorthand Skill By Manpower Development And Training Act Graduates From Utah State University For The Years 1968 Through 1971, Janice W. Hobbs

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Vocational education is not a separate discipline within education, but it is a basic objective of all education and must b e a basic element of each person's education. The common objective should be a successful life in which employment has a crucial role.

It is the responsibility of the school and of the instructor to provide the student with the high quality vocational education that will enable that student to have a successful life by securing a good initial job adapting himself to that vocation.

What yardstick should one invoke to determine if the objective of a successful ...


Individualized Instruction And The Utah Secondary Business Instructor, Don R. Hender May 1973

Individualized Instruction And The Utah Secondary Business Instructor, Don R. Hender

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

Lloyd K. Bishop has stated that individualized instruction has been one of the most predominant themes in education for over a decade. Individualized instruction places as its central focus the welfare of the individual. All other elements are molded to facilitate the development of the individual.

One of the early outstanding presentations of this theme was that of Jean Jacques Rousseau in his immortal 'Emile'. The significance of the individual was one of the pervasive themes during the establishment of the United States of America. The welfare of the individual is one of the most prominent themes of government and ...