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Full-Text Articles in Education

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok Jan 2018

An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Corruption is a well-documented problem in China, as well as many other developed and undeveloped countries across the world. The problem is particularly pronounced in countries that have undergone rapid economic transformation, allowing large amounts of wealth to fall into the hands of a select few individuals. Although corruption has been researched extensively, what is less covered are potential solutions that the country, and others looking to carry out similar reform, could use to combat corruption most effectively. As China has transitioned from a planned economy to a market economy, and the economy has become more powerful than ever, corruption ...


The We Over Me Farm At Paul Quinn College: A Review, Acacia V. Overstreet Jan 2018

The We Over Me Farm At Paul Quinn College: A Review, Acacia V. Overstreet

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

In 2010, Paul Quinn College, located in South Dallas, Texas, created the WE Over Me Farm. Paul Quinn College and the WE Over Me farm were formerly located in a food desert. Thus, the farm was created in order to address the issues most prevalent in its community: food access and food insecurity. The WE Over Me Farm is a sustainable plant farm located on Paul Quinn College’s former football field. When created, the WE Over Me Farm was intended to provide access to fresh fruits and vegetables in a community starved of healthy food options. Previously, residents located ...


21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin Jan 2018

21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This research paper provides a detailed analysis of how China has become the fastest growing art market around the world. How did the economic development in China led the country to the top in recent years, in contrast to its Western competitors? What is China’s role in the global art market scene? What changes have been made, in a socialist system, to accommodate foreign investors and what future changes should be made to sustain its growth?

Through focusing on the correlation between economic growth and art market expansions, this research develops the relationship through referencing various quantitative and qualitative ...


Essays On Dynamic Updating Of Consumer Preferences, Tong Lu Jan 2018

Essays On Dynamic Updating Of Consumer Preferences, Tong Lu

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Consumers dynamically update their preferences over time based on information learned through product search and consumption experiences, particularly in online media. Using three unique datasets from different domains, we address specific ways in which firms can use rich information about their customers' behaviors to improve (1) the visual display of products on a webpage in online shopping, (2) predictions of new product adoption in online gaming, and (3) the timing of product release in online learning. First, we explore how consumers visually search through product options using eye-tracking data from two experiments conducted on the websites of two online clothing ...


Working Off-Track: Adjunct Labor In Higher Education, Chad Gregory Evans Jan 2018

Working Off-Track: Adjunct Labor In Higher Education, Chad Gregory Evans

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The proportion of non-tenure track faculty has grown over the last decade and adjuncts now constitute two-thirds of the academic workforce. Despite this growth, there remain important limitations to our understanding of this new faculty majority. For one, typologies for conceptualizing adjunct diversity are often poorly aligned and make limited use of information valuable for classification. This study addresses these issues by employing the multivariate typological method of cluster analysis. The analysis implied a “natural typology” for adjunct faculty and suggested important nuances for fully recognizing adjunct diversity in higher education. This dissertation also addresses limitations with regard to adjunct ...


Building Resilience In Mba Students: Bouncing Back And Forward Through Challenges, Denitsa Marinova Jan 2017

Building Resilience In Mba Students: Bouncing Back And Forward Through Challenges, Denitsa Marinova

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The raison d'être for MBA programs is to prepare students to lead and manage effectively in the real world. An overview of the unique challenges awaiting MBAs, however, reveals a blind spot in business education: It doesn’t necessarily prepare MBA students to operate effectively in the VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous) world of today. This paper suggests that resilience training can help fill the void by enhancing the capacity of MBAs to bounce back and forward through and despite adversity. The objective of the paper is to propose a conceptual design of an evidence-based, relevant, and applicable ...


The Coevolution Of Technology Firms And Founders, Vikas Vasudeo Joshi Jan 2016

The Coevolution Of Technology Firms And Founders, Vikas Vasudeo Joshi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Prior research cannot explain the surprising fact that some technology firms attain spectacular growth with seemingly inexperienced founders at the helm. Informed by a cognitivist perspective, prior research in entrepreneurship explores founders' epistemology, such as knowledge and skills, and investigates their interaction with firms to explain their influence on firm growth. This framing misses the reciprocal influence between firm growth and founder development. In contrast, informed by a sociocultural perspective, my research investigates the founder’s ontology and the mutual constitution of the founder and the firm. My research draws on practice theory and uses habitus as a sensitizing concept ...


Vulnerability, Trust And The Accompaniment Of Educational Development In Nicaragua, Matthew James Tarditi Jan 2016

Vulnerability, Trust And The Accompaniment Of Educational Development In Nicaragua, Matthew James Tarditi

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Asymmetrical power relations, imposition and hierarchy characterize much of the field of development. Design and decisions are often dominated by the few as programs determine what is best for the local communities they seek to assist (Cooke & Kothari, 2001). The multiply wounded nation of Nicaragua is no exception to the norm, and the country has a long history of outside intervention by non-governmental and governmental organizations seeking to distribute materials or empower communities. Originally founded through a partnership between the University of Pennsylvania's Graduate School of Education and a Nicaragua Corporate Social Responsibility Division, the Digital Seeds Program strives ...


Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch Jan 2015

A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch

Reports (Social Science Studio)

Existing theories of public spaces are outdated because they largely ignore the advent of digital socialization. The revitalization of public spaces such as parks, sidewalks in the new urbanist mold is premised on ideas of public space from the 1950s, before suburban sprawl. However, technology, such as smart phones and social media, have fundamentally changed the way in which all groups now interface with space. This is especially true of immigrants, who exist in multiple spaces, at home and in the new city, at once and maintain these myriad linkages through digital space.

This project presents a critique of proposed ...


The Sociomateriality Of Expertise: An Exploratory Study Of Trauma Surgeons, Darin Rowell Jan 2015

The Sociomateriality Of Expertise: An Exploratory Study Of Trauma Surgeons, Darin Rowell

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The importance of knowledge workers and expertise continues to accelerate for both organizations and for economies. In addition, experts are increasingly being tasked with contributing to challenges that span their particular domain of expertise. A contemporary example is the U.S. healthcare industry where physicians are increasingly being asked to serve as active partners with healthcare administrators to solve complex challenges such as rising costs, outcome-based reimbursements, and quality of care. Unfortunately, research has shown that individuals who are highly skilled in one domain (e.g., physicians) are rarely are able to transfer that expertise to other domains. This dissertation ...


The Tie That Binds: Trusteeship, Values, And The Presidential Selection Process At Ame Affiliated Hbcus, Felecia Elana Commodore Jan 2015

The Tie That Binds: Trusteeship, Values, And The Presidential Selection Process At Ame Affiliated Hbcus, Felecia Elana Commodore

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Trust is necessary to legitimize good relationships and good relationships are necessary for good governance (Kezar, 2004). Literature also suggests that social capital and networks create and establish trust (Fukuyama, 1995, Leana & Van Buren III, 1999; Orr, 1999; Beaudoin, 2011). In short, trust comes from relationships, networks, and shared connections that create comfort or familiarity with a person. This study aims to discover how trust is established during the decision making processes of boards of trustees at HBCUs. This study also aims to understand more about the role and effect of individual board members on the work of the board. The question central to ...


Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell Sep 2014

Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

How can we teach people to be moral? It is a difficult, deep, and terribly important question. Michel Anteby's Manufacturing Morals aims to make a contribution to answering that question by studying the inner workings of Harvard Business School (HBS).


Getting The Best People Into The Toughest Jobs, Allan Odden Aug 2014

Getting The Best People Into The Toughest Jobs, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

Teachers and principals have the greatest impact on student learning. Unfortunately, our public education system, until recently, selected and tenured thousands of ineffective teachers and principals particularly in high-poverty urban school and rural schools. But the landscape of how teachers and principals—the education talent—are managed is dramatically changing. A comprehensive and holistic view of strategic talent management in education is developing, supported by new and ambitious federal and state policies and rapidly changing local practices.

Strategic talent management is an approach that manages all human resource programs—recruitment, selection, placement, development, evaluation, tenure, promotion, dismissal, and compensation—around ...


The Impact Of Education On Wages: Analysis Of An Education Reform In Turkey, Leyla Mocan Apr 2014

The Impact Of Education On Wages: Analysis Of An Education Reform In Turkey, Leyla Mocan

Wharton Research Scholars

In 1997 Turkey passed a law making middle school completion compulsory, increasing the mandatory education from 5 to 8 years. At the time of this policy change, only 3-in-5 students were completing middle school in Turkey. In this paper, I investigate the effect of this law on educational attainment, the impact of the increase in education on wages, and explore how this varied across individuals. My results indicate that the fraction of children completing middle school increased more than 20 percentage points as a result of this reform. The effects were especially pronounced for girls (particularly those living in rural ...


Improving Educational Quality Through Enhancing Community Participation: Results From A Randomized Field Experiment In Indonesia, Menno Pradhan, Daniel Suryadarma, Amanda Beatty, Maisy Wong, Arya Gaduh, Armida Alisjahbana, Rima Prama Artha Apr 2014

Improving Educational Quality Through Enhancing Community Participation: Results From A Randomized Field Experiment In Indonesia, Menno Pradhan, Daniel Suryadarma, Amanda Beatty, Maisy Wong, Arya Gaduh, Armida Alisjahbana, Rima Prama Artha

Real Estate Papers

Education ministries worldwide have promoted community engagement through school committees. This paper presents results from a large field experiment testing alternative approaches to strengthen school committees in public schools in Indonesia. Two novel treatments focus on institutional reforms. First, some schools were randomly assigned to implement elections of school committee members. Another treatment facilitated joint planning meetings between the school committee and the village council (linkage). Two more common treatments, grants and training, provided resources to existing school committees. We find that institutional reforms, in particular linkage and elections combined with linkage, are most cost-effective at improving learning.


Holding The Hunger Games Hostage At The Gym: An Evaluation Of Temptation Bundling, Katherine L. Milkman, Julia A. Minson, Kevin. G. Volpp Feb 2014

Holding The Hunger Games Hostage At The Gym: An Evaluation Of Temptation Bundling, Katherine L. Milkman, Julia A. Minson, Kevin. G. Volpp

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We introduce and evaluate the effectiveness of temptation bundling—a method for simultaneously tackling two types of self-control problems by harnessing consumption complementarities. We describe a field experiment measuring the impact of bundling instantly gratifying but guilt-inducing “want” experiences (enjoying page-turner audiobooks) with valuable “should” behaviors providing delayed rewards (exercising). We explore whether such bundles increase should behaviors and whether people would pay to create these restrictive bundles. Participants were randomly assigned to a full treatment condition with gym-only access to tempting audio novels, an intermediate treatment involving encouragement to restrict audiobook enjoyment to the gym, or a control condition ...


Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall Jan 2014

Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

For-profit colleges have elicited wildly divergent reactions, with critics vilifying them and their executives, and supporters seeing in the institutions a necessary and laudable complement to public and nonprofit institutions. As I propose in this chapter, the truth likely lies somewhere between these extremes.


The Silver Realigning: How Baby Boomers Who Have Lost Their Jobs Can Become More Positive And Find New Meaning In Their Lives, Patrick Sweeney Jan 2014

The Silver Realigning: How Baby Boomers Who Have Lost Their Jobs Can Become More Positive And Find New Meaning In Their Lives, Patrick Sweeney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Many Baby Boomers are finding (or may be finding) themselves in a difficult transition, as they lose their jobs in this listless economy. For most of them, not yet ready to retire, finding a new, equally well-paying job in their field will be extremely difficult. How can they go through the initial disbelief, anger, sadness and fear that come with losing their jobs; and rediscover their sense of direction, purpose, security and identity? As 8,000 Baby Boomers turn 60 each day for the next ten years, this question takes on enormous proportions. Positive psychology offers many insights and interventions ...


Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Between 2003 and 2009, the gap between the educational attainment of the population and the educational demands of available jobs (that is, "structural unemployment") increased in all but four of the nation's hundred largest metropolitan areas (Rothwell and Berube 2011). Given that a larger education gap between the demand and supply of educated workers is associated with a higher unemployment rate in the metropolitan area (2011), these data demonstrate the need to imporve educational attainment in all metropolitan areas.


Consumers' Misunderstanding Of Health Insurance., George Loewenstein, Joelle Y Friedman, Barbara Mcgill, Sarah Ahmad, Suzanne Linck, Stacey Sinkula, John Beshears, James J Choi, Jonathan Kolstad, David Laibson, Brigitte C Madrian, John A List, Kevin. G. Volpp Sep 2013

Consumers' Misunderstanding Of Health Insurance., George Loewenstein, Joelle Y Friedman, Barbara Mcgill, Sarah Ahmad, Suzanne Linck, Stacey Sinkula, John Beshears, James J Choi, Jonathan Kolstad, David Laibson, Brigitte C Madrian, John A List, Kevin. G. Volpp

Health Care Management Papers

We report results from two surveys of representative samples of Americans with private health insurance. The first examines how well Americans understand, and believe they understand, traditional health insurance coverage. The second examines whether those insured under a simplified all-copay insurance plan will be more likely to engage in cost-reducing behaviors relative to those insured under a traditional plan with deductibles and coinsurance, and measures consumer preferences between the two plans. The surveys provide strong evidence that consumers do not understand traditional plans and would better understand a simplified plan, but weaker evidence that a simplified plan would have strong ...


The Unanticipated Consequences Of Postponing The Employer Mandate, Mark. V. Pauly, Adam. A. Leive Aug 2013

The Unanticipated Consequences Of Postponing The Employer Mandate, Mark. V. Pauly, Adam. A. Leive

Health Care Management Papers

No abstract provided.


Positive Media: An Introductory Exploration, Meghan B. Keener Aug 2012

Positive Media: An Introductory Exploration, Meghan B. Keener

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Media has become an increasingly large part of our lives, and therefore plays a crucial role in our well-being. Positive psychology, the science of well-being, can be complemented through the new potentialities of media, which in many ways also seeks to improve the human experience. I create the context for a new dialogue about what "positive media" might be. By adopting a positive lens and discussing exemplars in different formats, this paper explores the ways media effectively incorporates elements of well-being. Through this positive approach, we gain an appreciation for what media does well. The paper also recommends ways that ...


The Impact Of Positive Traits On Teacher Performance Within A Systems Driven Charter School Management Organization, Adam B. Maurer Aug 2012

The Impact Of Positive Traits On Teacher Performance Within A Systems Driven Charter School Management Organization, Adam B. Maurer

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Teacher effectiveness is the single most important in-school factor influencing the rates at which school children learn. Large variations in performance exist between teachers and this translates into missed learning opportunities for students. Whilst the impact of highly effective teachers on student learning is understood, the factors that account for the variance in teacher performance are less clear. In this study, novice teachers (N = 313), with six or fewer years of experience working at a tuition free public charter school, completed measures of positive affect, optimistic explanatory style, grit and satisfaction with life. At the end of the school year ...


Who's Really Winning? An In-Depth Look At Intercollegiate Athletics And Their Impact On Undergraduate Education, Jason Keene Aug 2011

Who's Really Winning? An In-Depth Look At Intercollegiate Athletics And Their Impact On Undergraduate Education, Jason Keene

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

College sports are a multi-billion dollar industry that have grown and will continue to grow with the founding and development of ESPN and other sports information technologies. Initially the author sought out to find relationships between winning on the field and academic advancement off the field, but quickly realized there was another story to be told. He examines the college sports scene with a broader outlook on its impact on its educational value. Not only are most college sports programs losing money for their institutions, but the culture that college sports creates is having a detrimental impact on our nation ...


Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick Jun 2011

Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Although researchers have documented many instances of crowd wisdom, it is important to know whether some kinds of judgments may lead the crowd astray, whether crowds’ judgments improve with feedback over time, and whether crowds’ judgments can be improved by changing the way judgments are elicited. We investigated these questions in a sports gambling context (predictions against point spreads) believed to elicit crowd wisdom. In a season-long experiment, fans wagered over $20,000 on NFL football predictions. Contrary to the wisdom-of-crowds hypothesis, faulty intuitions led the crowd to predict “favorites” more than “underdogs” against point spreads that disadvantaged favorites, even ...


Global Leadership Development: An Analysis Of Talent Management, Company Types And Job Functions, Personality Traits And Competencies, And Learning And Development Methods, John Gillis Jr. Jan 2011

Global Leadership Development: An Analysis Of Talent Management, Company Types And Job Functions, Personality Traits And Competencies, And Learning And Development Methods, John Gillis Jr.

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

As our world "shrinks" and globalization increases, companies are changing strategies and operational procedures, which are dependent on leaders to deploy and implement. As companies evolve from domestic companies towards international, multinational and global companies, developing future global leaders becomes an essential component for successfully carrying out corporate global strategies. Because of this, there is an increasing need for global leaders; yet, they are not prepared, causing a significant shortage of global leaders, which is a critical issue for human resource departments.

Thus, global leadership development (GLD) programs are urgently needed to address the gap between global leadership needs and ...


Intertemporal Pricing And Consumer Stockpiling, Xuanming Su Jul 2010

Intertemporal Pricing And Consumer Stockpiling, Xuanming Su

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We study a dynamic pricing problem for a class of products with stable consumption patterns (e.g., household items, staple foods). Consumers may stock up the product at current prices for future consumption, but they incur inventory holding costs. We model this situation as a dynamic game over an infinite time horizon: in each period, the seller sets a price, and each consumer chooses how many units to buy. We develop a solution methodology based on rational expectations. By endowing each player with beliefs, we decouple the dynamic game into individual dynamic programs for each player. We solve for the ...


Weather To Go To College, Uri Simonsohn Mar 2010

Weather To Go To College, Uri Simonsohn

Marketing Papers

Does current utility bias predictions of future utility for high stakes decisions? Here I provide field evidence consistent with such Projection Bias in one of life's most thought‐about decisions: college enrolment. After arguing and documenting with survey evidence that cloudiness increases the appeal of academic activities, I analyse the enrolment decisions of 1,284 prospective students who visited a university known for its academic strengths and recreational weaknesses. Consistent with the notion that current weather conditions influence decisions about future academic activities, I find that an increase in cloudcover of one standard deviation on the day of the ...