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Bilingual, Multilingual, and Multicultural Education

1996

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Articles 1 - 30 of 44

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Case Study Of Academic Achievement Of African American Males, Loistean Mason Dec 1996

A Case Study Of Academic Achievement Of African American Males, Loistean Mason

Dissertations

Several areas are often identified as barriers to the academic achievement of African American males. They include racial inequality, segregation between schools, segregation within schools, cultural insensitivity to learning styles, the theory of cultural deprivation, teacher/student interaction, and the discipline of African American students. The study was conducted in a Midwestern school with a predominantly African American student body and faculty at the end of the final grading period before graduation. This study of 12th-grade males sought to determine if the climate of an African American high school with African American administrators and faculty would enhance the achievement of ...


We Could Shape It: Organizing For Asian Pacific American Student Empowerment, Peter Nien-Chu Kiang Nov 1996

We Could Shape It: Organizing For Asian Pacific American Student Empowerment, Peter Nien-Chu Kiang

Institute for Asian American Studies Publications

With the doubling of the school-age population of Asian Pacific Americans during the 1990s, the unmet needs of Asian Pacific Americans are escalating dramatically in schools throughout the country. In most settings, teachers, counselors, and administrators do not share the ethnic, linguistic, and racial backgrounds of their Asian Pacific American students. Constrained by limited resources, an increasingly hostile, anti-immigrant climate, and their own stereotypical assumptions, educators have been unable to respond effectively to the full range of academic, social, and personal challenges that face growing numbers of Asian Pacific American students.


Humor Recognition: A Comparative Analysis, William T. Argent Oct 1996

Humor Recognition: A Comparative Analysis, William T. Argent

Dissertations and Theses

There are various approaches to the explanation of humor in the field of humor research. Some of these theories, while providing interesting insight into the phenomenon known as humor, remain limited in their ability to account for how humor is recognized. Others do not even address the issue. This thesis compares five different theories in humor research by analyzing the humorous short story "My Watch" by Mark Twain. These theories are: 1. a typological approach to humor, 2. a social- functional model, 3. incongruity theory, 4. Grice's Cooperative Principle taken from linguistic pragmatics, and 5. the General Theory of ...


Flarr Pages #4: Teaching Culture With The Web, Erica Rosch Oct 1996

Flarr Pages #4: Teaching Culture With The Web, Erica Rosch

FLARR Pages

Attention teachers! We are entering the age of technology! As many of us are just becoming acquainted with e-mail and the internet, we struggle to keep up with our more computer-literate students, who seem more adept with a keyboard than a pencil. Although the almighty "information superhighway" may seem intimidating, it holds great treasures of information that we, as foreign language teachers, can use to bring culture to life.


Additional Evidence On The Cognitive Effects Of College Racial Composition: A Research Note., Ernest T. Pascarella, Marcia Edison, Amaury Nora, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Patrick Terenzini Aug 1996

Additional Evidence On The Cognitive Effects Of College Racial Composition: A Research Note., Ernest T. Pascarella, Marcia Edison, Amaury Nora, Linda Serra Hagedorn, Patrick Terenzini

Linda Serra Hagedorn

The relative cognitive impacts on Black students' attendance at historically Black versus predominantly White colleges were investigated. Controlling for individual precollege ability, average precollege ability of the students attending each institution, gender, socio-economic origins, academic motivation, age, credit hours taken, work responsibilities, place of residence, and types of coursework taken, Black students attending the 2 Black colleges did as well or better than their counterparts at the 16 predominantly White institutions on standardized measures of writing skills and science reasoning administered at the end of the second year of college.


Preoccupational Segregation Among First-Year College Students: An Application Of The Duncan Dissimilarity Index., Linda Serra Hagedorn, Amaury Nora, Ernest T. Pascarella Jun 1996

Preoccupational Segregation Among First-Year College Students: An Application Of The Duncan Dissimilarity Index., Linda Serra Hagedorn, Amaury Nora, Ernest T. Pascarella

Linda Serra Hagedorn

Annual earnings continue to be unequal across gender and racial lines. One reason for this disparity is occupational segregation, the overrepresentation of women and minorities in lower-paying jobs and occupations. This study involved an investigation of what could be considered the roots of subsequent occupational segregation among male and female minority and male and female non-minority first-year college students in relation to college major. A measure of preoccupational segregation was quantified through the use of the Duncan Dissimilarity Index. Findings indicated that preoccupational levels of segregation in the form of selection of college majors are not as prevalent as those ...


A Qualitative Study Of Friendships And Student-Faculty Relationships: Experiences And Perspectives Of Korean International Students Studying In The United States, Jinsook Kim Jun 1996

A Qualitative Study Of Friendships And Student-Faculty Relationships: Experiences And Perspectives Of Korean International Students Studying In The United States, Jinsook Kim

Dissertations

Experiences and perceptions among a group of Korean international students studying in the United States were examined in terms of friendships and student faculty relationships. The study used a qualitative approach and was guided by cross-cultural and cultural learning perspectives. Semi-structured interviews conducted in the Korean language were used for data collection. From a research population of 72 Korean international students enrolled at a large Midwestern university, 24 were selected using purposeful sampling, 6 from each of the four identified subgroups. These subgroups were male and female undergraduates and male and female graduates.

Participant experiences and perceptions concerning closest friendships ...


A Study Of Why Some Learners Are More Successful Than Others At Acquiring A Second Language: The Roles Of Personality, Attitude & Motivation, Azah Yusof May 1996

A Study Of Why Some Learners Are More Successful Than Others At Acquiring A Second Language: The Roles Of Personality, Attitude & Motivation, Azah Yusof

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The purpose of this thesis is to convey and to support my belief that learners' affective domain, which consist of their personalities, attitudes, and motivation are responsible for causing the variation in the levels of second language proficiency of second language learners. My concern is to point out or support others who believe that second language learners are not machines that are able and willing to be programmed; they have feelings and attitudes which in turn govern their personalities and motivation. I also believe that the main focus of second language teaching should be on the "persons" learning the language ...


A Need For A Paradigm Shift In Today's Race Relations And Diversity Education, Franklin Titus Thompson Apr 1996

A Need For A Paradigm Shift In Today's Race Relations And Diversity Education, Franklin Titus Thompson

Teacher Education Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

Although the ranks of human relations change agents have been temporarily depleted, there is training available for front-line diversity educators. “Changeagents do not have to always be born. They can also be taught.”


The Relationship Between Principals' Length Of Administrative Experience And Organizational Leadership Behavior In Elementary Schools In Saudi Arabia, Hamad Adbulaziz Alkherb Apr 1996

The Relationship Between Principals' Length Of Administrative Experience And Organizational Leadership Behavior In Elementary Schools In Saudi Arabia, Hamad Adbulaziz Alkherb

Dissertations

The study examined educational leadership behaviors among elementary school principals in Qasim region of Saudi Arabia. Seven independent variables using a survey questionnaire among a randomly selected sample from the identified population. Self-reporting elicited, first, critical background information and, second, data concerning 60 specific leadership behavior items important to work issues, critical areas of educational administration, professional relationship situations, and leadership problems ordinarily confronted. Items were grouped according to five categories of twelve items each.

Ninety-six principals or 80% of the survey sample of 120 responded. Focus of the study derived importantly from an extensive and complex review of literature ...


Adolescent Students At Risk: The Roles Of Stress, Distress, And Coping, Jennifer Massicotte Apr 1996

Adolescent Students At Risk: The Roles Of Stress, Distress, And Coping, Jennifer Massicotte

Dissertations

Male and female adolescents who reported recent suspension/ threats of suspension or academic failure were compared to male and female adolescents who did not report these two variables of dropping out on three measures--the discrete negative uncontrollable events experienced (LEQ-A, Garmezy, Masten, & Tellegen [1985]), the level of distress (GHQ-30, Goldberg [1972]), and the types of coping skills used (A-COPE, Patterson & McCubbin [1983]). Native and non-Native at risk for suspension and academic failure rates were also compared using archival data from a community mental health survey of 714 adolescents (36 Native) attending high school in Northern Ontario.

Native adolescents reported significantly ...


Evaluation Of A Home-School-Community Liaison Scheme In Irish Elementary Schools, Sandra Ryan Apr 1996

Evaluation Of A Home-School-Community Liaison Scheme In Irish Elementary Schools, Sandra Ryan

Dissertations

This dissertation describes an evaluation of a Home-School-Community Liaison scheme in Irish elementary schools. The scheme represented an effort to combat educational failure in areas suffering from social and economic disadvantage associated with poor quality housing, high levels of unemployment, dependence on state aid, and crime. The central aim of the scheme was to increase parents' involvement in their children's education. The evaluation study examined how programs in the scheme were constructed and implemented over a three-year period and monitored specified outcomes of program activity. Methodology included questionnaires, interviews, site visits and observations, and standardized achievement testing.

The scheme ...


Affirming Diversity: Workshops On Multicultural Education, Sonia Nieto Mar 1996

Affirming Diversity: Workshops On Multicultural Education, Sonia Nieto

Multimedia Works

No abstract provided.


Community Learning Groups: A Method In Adult Literacy For Community Participation And Learning, Sirkka Kapango Hamutenya Jan 1996

Community Learning Groups: A Method In Adult Literacy For Community Participation And Learning, Sirkka Kapango Hamutenya

Master's Capstone Projects

The study was done in the context of the Namibia National Literacy Program and was influenced by my working environment. While studying adult education, and by being exposed to a variety of philosophical views and ideas, I tried to reflect those views and ideas to the adult learner groups who graduated from the Namibia National Literacy Program as well as to those in the communities not attending any classes. The questions I had in my mind were the following: What can they do together to learn? How can they utilize their new skills to get involved in participatory community development ...


Using Distance Education To Improve Teaching In Namibia: Teachers' Views On An Inservice Training Program., Ndinovaameni Christian Shatona Jan 1996

Using Distance Education To Improve Teaching In Namibia: Teachers' Views On An Inservice Training Program., Ndinovaameni Christian Shatona

Master's Capstone Projects

Teacher education in Namibia is likely to involve more participants and more expenditure in the future. Analysis of the substance and character of teacher education programs as seen by the teachers are very important for the public. This study is a compilation of the thoughts of almost 70 teachers enrolled in a distance teacher education program. Their views are captured in conversations, observations, interviews and on questionnaires. Voice is an important aspect of the study, for both content and tone. The actual words of teachers have been quoted directly and at leng·�h, so that they may speak for themselves ...


Eerstekaart, Oefening In Sakeafrikaans, Michele Van Der Merwe Jan 1996

Eerstekaart, Oefening In Sakeafrikaans, Michele Van Der Merwe

Michele Van Der Merwe

Brief comprehension test and exercise in Business Afrikaans.


The Canonical Debate: Implementing Multicultural Literature And Perspectives, Heriberto Godina Phd Jan 1996

The Canonical Debate: Implementing Multicultural Literature And Perspectives, Heriberto Godina Phd

Heriberto Godina PhD

No abstract provided.


Race, Suburban Resentment And The Representation Of The Inner City In Contemporary Film And Television, C. Mccarthy, A. Rodriguez, S. Meacham, S. David, C. Wilson-Brown, Heriberto Godina Phd, K. E. Supriya, E. Buendia Jan 1996

Race, Suburban Resentment And The Representation Of The Inner City In Contemporary Film And Television, C. Mccarthy, A. Rodriguez, S. Meacham, S. David, C. Wilson-Brown, Heriberto Godina Phd, K. E. Supriya, E. Buendia

Heriberto Godina PhD

No abstract provided.


The Professionalization Of Community Interpreting, Holly Mikkelson Jan 1996

The Professionalization Of Community Interpreting, Holly Mikkelson

Holly Mikkelson

Community interpreting, which includes court and medical interpreting, is following the typical pattern of a profession in its infancy. In the beginning it is characterized by a lack of standards for training and practice, disorganization and disunity among practitioners, a lack of recognition of the profession among clients and the public, and poor working conditions. These circumstances improve as practitioners unite and form professional associations to impose discipline and standardization and to achieve recognition through education, legislation and public relations. This paper will define the terms "community interpreting" and "profession," present a comparative analysis of community interpreting and other professions ...


Adolescent Pragmatic Skills: A Comparison Of Latino Students In English As A Second Language And Speech And Language Programs, Alejandro Brice, Judith Montgomery Jan 1996

Adolescent Pragmatic Skills: A Comparison Of Latino Students In English As A Second Language And Speech And Language Programs, Alejandro Brice, Judith Montgomery

Communication Sciences and Disorders Faculty Articles and Research

The purpose of this study was to compare the pragmatic performance of students from two adolescent groups-students receiving English as a second language (ESL) instruction versus bilingual students receiving speech-language (BSL) therapy. A pragmatics Screening scale (i.e., the Adolescent Pragmatics Screening Scale, Brice, 1992a) was used to measure pragmatic performance. The findings of this study indicated that the BSL students differed from the ESL students in expressing themselves, establishing greetings, initiating and maintaining conversations, listening to a speaker, and cueing the listener regarding topic changes. Both groups of students had difficulties regulating others through language. Thus, even language-intact students ...


Is Iowa State University's Office Of International Students And Scholar's Foreign Scholar Orientation Program Satisfying The Needs Of Their Foreign Scholars?, Nancy Louise Walker Jan 1996

Is Iowa State University's Office Of International Students And Scholar's Foreign Scholar Orientation Program Satisfying The Needs Of Their Foreign Scholars?, Nancy Louise Walker

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Esl Development In A Mainstream Classroom : A Case Study, Silvia Davidson Jan 1996

Esl Development In A Mainstream Classroom : A Case Study, Silvia Davidson

Theses : Honours

Learning English as a second language is a challenge faced by many children. This research has focused on the language learning and acquisition of a middle primary school student, new to Australia, from France. The English language development of this French student in a mainstream classroom of a primary school within Western Australia has been examined. The student, Rene, is a nine year old male child who is a fluent speaker of the French language. His English language development was studied over a ten week period where he was taught in a mainstream classroom with the assistance of a bilingual ...


Word Processors In Secondary English : A Survey And Discussion Of Usage In West Australian High Schools, Stuart D. Hakeney Jan 1996

Word Processors In Secondary English : A Survey And Discussion Of Usage In West Australian High Schools, Stuart D. Hakeney

Theses : Honours

The word processor would seem to have many positive applications to student writing in the English classroom. Writers working in the field (Chandler, 1987; Jenkins, 1989; Snyder, 1994) all agree that whether the technology is used as an editing aid to help poor hand writers and weak spellers get through the "grind" of writing, or as a dynamic tool which can be used as a new and exciting way of making meaning, its usefulness in subject English should not be overlooked. However, initial inquiries undertaken as part of this study, suggested that word processing technology had been largely ignored in ...


Integration And Athletics: Integrating The Marshall University Basketball Program, 1954-1969, George M. Reger Jan 1996

Integration And Athletics: Integrating The Marshall University Basketball Program, 1954-1969, George M. Reger

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

In 1954, Marshall College followed the national law that banned segregation in the school systems of the United States. The law included the integration of athletic programs. While only a small part of the process, athletic programs often presented integration on a more visible stage than the integration of classrooms.


Language Attitudes And Esl: An Investigation Of Nonnative Speakers' Reactions To Accented English, Amelia Dyan Akers Jan 1996

Language Attitudes And Esl: An Investigation Of Nonnative Speakers' Reactions To Accented English, Amelia Dyan Akers

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Rhetoric, Syntax, And Evaluative Styles In The Assessment Of Nonnative Speakers' Texts , Heather Lynne Rudolph Jan 1996

Rhetoric, Syntax, And Evaluative Styles In The Assessment Of Nonnative Speakers' Texts , Heather Lynne Rudolph

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Development And Validation Of An Institutional Reading Placement Test, Rosyati Abdul-Rashid Jan 1996

The Development And Validation Of An Institutional Reading Placement Test, Rosyati Abdul-Rashid

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The Intensive English and Orientation Program (IEOP) at Iowa State University (ISU) was started in 1966. The program, which teaches spoken and written American English, is managed by the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences. Four courses are offered in the IEOP program: grammar, writing, reading development, and communication skills. Within each course, there are five or six levels of instruction, from a novice level to an advanced level. All students entering IEOP are required to take a placement test at the beginning of the session in which they are enrolled. The test is administered to determine each student's ...


Call--English As A Second Language, Carol Chapelle Jan 1996

Call--English As A Second Language, Carol Chapelle

English Publications

CALL for English as a second language1 is an interdisciplinary area of inquiry which has been influenced primarily by educational technology (Reiser, 1987) but also by fields such as computational linguistics2 and recently by applied linguistics as well. These related fields contribute diverse epistemologies which shape CALL research questions and methods. The diversity in CALL research can also be explained in part by the current variety of approaches to CALL development and use. Through the 1970s and early 1980s, pedagogical objectives in CALL were focused primarily, although not exclusively, on improving specified areas of learner's grammatical knowledge through approaches ...


Validity Issues In Computer-Assisted Strategy Assessment For Language Learners, Carol Chapelle Jan 1996

Validity Issues In Computer-Assisted Strategy Assessment For Language Learners, Carol Chapelle

English Publications

This article probes validity issues of computer-assisted strategy assessment (CASA) in second-language (L2) acquisition research. Using two CASA studies, it reviews the metacognitive and cognitive strategies. It discusses trait-oriented and interactionist approaches to the concept of strategy, and examines validity by focusing on "advance preparation" and "resourcing," examples of trait-oriented and interactionist strategies, respectively. It suggests additional forms of validity evidence and describes applications of CASA as well as problems associated with this form of measurement.


Development Of Parallel Cloze Tests Using Cohesion, Steven L. Jenkins Jan 1996

Development Of Parallel Cloze Tests Using Cohesion, Steven L. Jenkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

My thesis is simple: cohesion, the interdependence of textual elements, can be used to build reliable doze tests. Furthermore, reliable doze tests built using cohesion are parallel. This paper seeks to explore those hypotheses, and point out why the issues surrounding them are important. Developing good language tests is difficult. Tests must be both reliable and valid for their interpretations and uses. To be reliable, the potential sources of error in the test itself must be minimized. Reliability is affected by not only the examinee's language ability, but also by test methods, attributes of the test taker not related ...